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50 sníïd v IGT Verbs § 37 . (a) twists, binds, ties : tópacht . . . cét-
bunni darach . . . ┐ ro sniastar . . . ┐ doringni id de twisted it
and made a band of it
, TBC 564 . inní sníes trena brat .i. a
dealg that which he twists through his mantle, O'Dav. 315 . Cf.
fa shelgaibh im cíchibh Cúalann | sníthir delgain gúaland
55ngeal, IGT Decl. ex. 302 . ind lochta . . . | sníset Ossín fon
tiprait who bound O., Met. Dinds. iii 252.136 v.l. (fúaigset,
text). Of the wrenching of weapons in battle: rosníid (ro-
snigid, MS.) a slegha re sirthuargain, Ériu viii 34.y . do
sníetar na slegha ris na sír-sháitaib, Celt. Rev. iii 202.z . ro
60sníit a slegha da semannaib, Mann. and Cust. ii 241 . Cf. sní
shlait, no do shníeas shlait, IGT Introd. 20.1 . Metaph. of a
person (cf. (c) infra): slat nach sní tréinfhine Tháil, Ériu ix
165 § 21 . ? mas ar druim ech ṅdond atáit | droṅg sreth sniit
`they twist (spin, i.e. extend) a line of hosts' (Notes), MU² 443
65(perh. to (b)). is `ós neoch' rosníad ar tech | conid deseo bías
Uisnech (do gniad, etc., v.l.) `our house was built', Met. Dinds.
ii 44.43 . Note also: céile deabhtha i ndiaidh do ghona | gerr
go sníthe snáithe a ré his thread of life would soon be spun,
L. Cl. A. Buidhe 199.78 (cf. CCath. 4180 cited s.v. sním I (a)).
70(b) contends, struggles, strives after: snisiot .i. dorighnead(h)ar
cosnamh, no cathughadh, O'Cl. ? cen sním, cen saethar sníid,
SR 8378 . crābud ar bith nī baethar, | maith in sāethar dia
sníthar good the labour if one strives (?), ZCP vi 264 § 3 . gnísit
cath ciana . . . | snisit fri fíana ferdroṅg, SR 6514 . o ssniastar
75side in flaith a comarbus a hathar when she sought the succession
to the sovereignty
, Arch. iii 325.19 . Muredach Snithi .i. ro-shní
rígi h-Erend dó féin sought to gain (?), LL 313b44 . snísit (sic
leg.) im tuinithi thend | indse airegda hÉrend `they strove
for the mighty possession of . . . Ireland
', Ériu iv 136.23 . hÉre
80conuaill . . . | sniset sluaigh for a senmoigh, Leb. Gab. 154.13 ,
glossed: do bator sluaigh ag iomcosnadh ┐ ag coimsinedh re
aroile. ar cach n-omgním gníset so | sníset a comlín chucco
`inflicted the like number upon them', Met. Dinds. iii 4.48 .
(c) grieves, troubles, vexes: rodasní `he caused them grief', Met.
85Dinds. ii 38.39 . iii 282.81 . snithter neart cineoil Conaill `the
power of C. C. will be cut off
' (is damaged?), Fen. 244.z . nach
taighlim na trí ceardcha | do shní fhaighlinn mh'aigeanta
`wears away (has worn ?) the armoury of my mind', Ir. Review
1913, 594 § 4 . gibé thí do thaobh t'eachtra, | do shní, a Aodh,
ar n-aigeanta, Studies 1921, 74 § 10 . ro shní mh'aithne is
5mh'urlabhra, Dánta Gr.² 28.28 . cúis ar sgarthana is sí soin; |
ro-m-shní `it has grieved me', KMMisc. 242 § 3 . laochbhás mo
Dhé an sás rom sní, Aithd. D. 58.24 .
Meaning doubtful in: sníset co cóir a cainti, | rochisset ar
morḟailti (of Joseph's brothers on rediscovering him), SR 3639
10`mingled their lamentations', Met. Dinds. v 296 , `wind up,
finish
', Plummer MS. notes. ? atubairt nara mó a mebol dó-
som cid fair ra sniestar andás do lín in choblaig uli, LL 223b37
( TTr. 480 ). Acc. to Met. Dinds. Corr. for sínid in: sniid uan
ra bagh reimmas, Met. Dinds. iii 90.24 v.l. `be gone from us',
15 552 . a Collomair . . . | rosní in sráb sen-grennach `from C. . . .
the hoary-bristled drove wrought havoc
', 404.12 . Perh. also in:
Sen-Garman 'sa mac co mbail | sníset fri fat hi fogail (sinata
fad, v.l.) `harassed and plundered far and wide', Met. Dinds. iii
244.30 .
20 Vn. sním.

sním [u,m.] vn. of sníïd. Cf. don rat fri snim saethraich séis,
SR 1319 , where, however, the adj. may qualify séis. m., g s.
-a, IGT Decl. § 95 (127.8) . Verbs § 37 .
I Act of twisting, bending, shaping .
25(a) act of spinning : iar na thoirithniugad di o laim da snim
`in spinning', Laws ii 372.19 Comm . fertas snīmae a distaff,
O'Mulc. 524 . augtair . . . na elathan . . . ic s. ¤ a seólbratt
weaving (?), LL 219a5 ( TTr. 138 ). na tri Parci ifernaide bite
icc snim saeguil gac[h] aen duinne isin domun, CCath. 4180 .
30 bean ag snim an tsnaithi, TTebe 1322 . é ag sníomh choigíle,
TSh. 5482 . cuiridh sí a lámha air an maide sníomha `spindle',
Prov. xxxi 19 . In humorous n.pr.: Tap ingen tSnima, Anecd.
ii 56.3 .
(b) Of shaping withes, sticks, etc. (usually in proverbs): fer
35og snim ghaid, IT iii 36 n. 7 . ní fhulaing seanshlat a snímh
an old rod cannot be bent, IGT Decl. ex. 656 . áiseach slat ó a
sníomh `pliable is a sapling by being twisted', PBocht 5.55 . Cf.
slat doishníomha an duine man is an unbending rod (i.e. in-
tractable, unrepentant), IGT Decl. ex. 1699 . Perh. n. loc. in:
40 re snim slat, BB 23a4 .
(c) Various applications. Of filigree work in gold: bretnas
banbras . . . | d'arged amra | cona ecor dé ór fo shnim | gním
as cadlu, Anecd. i 61 § 91 . do adaimh sníomh na nedh nóir |
an fedh do chóidh ó chígh cuain the working of golden neck-
45lets
(?), Rel. Celt. ii 226.3 . s. ¤ casil `building a wall', Mart. Tall.
104.21 = ic figi chasil, 19 . coro lád snim tenn . . . i mbarr
uachtair na fidhbuidhe so that the top of the wood was twisted
tightly together
, CCath. 668 . go nár fhágaibh an ainbhthine
. . . slat gan sníomh `a yard untwisted', ML 48.18 . ag sníomh
50tairngeadh `driving . . . nails' (i.e. in horseshoes), TD 6.9 (see
Notes). a folt hi snim dar a aiss his hair plaited behind, Rawl.
81a45 ( Otia ii 87 ). fri s. ¤ snúad in blending of colours, Met.
Dinds. iv 92.19 . Cf. sniomhsnúa .i. snamh srothann, O'Cl. ní
fann in feidm ríog | sníom im gach crann cruaid to twist round
55every tree
(of woodbine), SG 245.17 . Of poems: iomdha drécht
. . . | da shníomh le mac súadh, L. Cl. A. Buidhe 249.11 . ag
sniomh a glac wringing his hands, 23 G 24, 391.23 . dóid-
chleatha . . . is tréithe sníomh hands . . . most gently moulded,
Keat. Poems 102 . ar bruach an t-srotha ro bhá ag sníomh tre
60lár an t-sléibhe which wound its way, Oss. iii 96.26 .
(d) In bardic verse freq. in sense of twisting or wrenching
(perh. twirling or brandishing) weapons, hence fighting, doing
battle: ar sníomh a airm d'fheirg Murchaidh | maidhm san
leirg ar Lochlannchaibh when M.'s anger made him ply his
65weapons
, DDána 85.25 . le sníomh goirmreann, 110.10 .
sníomh do dhornchla i ngurt ghábhaidh `the labour of thy
sword hilt
', TD 10.29 . días fa sénamla ag snim crann (of two
chiefs), Irish Texts ii 32 § 10 . go sníomh dornchar, go dáil
crann, L. Cl. A. Buidhe 239.66 . adeir in rí teile an túagh |
70crúadh a shleighi isí ar na s. ¤ , IGT Decl. ex. 1084 (or to (b) ?).
nī raibhe ag rīg . . . | muinnter mar muintir mo rīg | Taidg ūi
Cheallaigh re snīomh slegh, ZCP viii 224 § 35 .
II Trouble, care, grief, anxiety .
(a) sniomh .i. tuirsi, O'Cl. s. ¤ gl. cura, Ml. 89b7 . nísé snim fil
75forn `this is not what distresses us', Trip. 10.15 ( Trip.² 117 ). s. ¤
lobrae, Fél. Prol. 223 . farith asin tsh. ¤ -sa | in pauperán, Ep.
407 . ar med a shnima, Sc.M² 3 (R) . hi sir-galur ┐ hi sírshnim,
IT i 121.18 ( TE 7 Eg.). dia lem fri cech snīomh, Ériu iv 236.1 .
saire cen sáethar cen sh. ¤ , LU 2470 . ba s. ¤ fri sáethar in sel it
80was a time of grievous labour
, Met. Dinds. iii 378.7 . comad
lugaiti snim na saersluag re saethar ind imrama might be the
less distressed by the labour of rowing
, TTebe 1947 . cidh mor
saet[h]or sin dano as dingmala do degmhnai mar tusa a snim
do tabairt fris to devote her care to it, CCath. 4058 . is fair boi s. ¤
85lá dethitiu na n-uli n-eclaise, PH 1663 . turcbhaid | in s. ¤ nítha
`die Sorge um den Kampf', TBC 5796 . snim ┐ sirimradud an
chatha . . . ar a menmain, TTebe 4329 . sníom cogaidh nó
ceilge anxiety at the thought of war or treachery, Gleanings
15 § 7 . atbath cen nach snimh, Lism. L. 3689 . fer . . . | ar
nach gcuirenn snīom slap[h]raid a man untrammelled by care,
5 ML² 820 . ní aithrigh síon séis mbuinne | nach sníomh dot éis
oruinne `without bringing anguish upon me', Studies 1921,
75 § 14 . sníomh intinne, L. Cl. A. Buidhe 211.14 . a Chaitir
fhíona . . . | nar mhór sníomha san saoghal `who didst care so
little for
', PBocht 14.30 .
10(b) In phrases with verbs: don rat fri snim has brought us
into sorrow
, SR 1319 . na tabrad a snímh sibsi sin `let not that
trouble you
', RC xiv 54.18 . na tabrad t'aicned i s. ¤ , YBL
314a25 . nat-cuired i snim ni bus mó, Fél. 56.8 . nior chuir
sinn i sníomh go se | th'éara-sa, Dán Dé xxv 14 . ní sin . . . | . . .
15romla a snim which has grieved me, Irish Texts i 60.44 . na
dena snim don melladh tugadh fort, Aen. 1189 . 'ar cur
shnima in catha dibh `having put from them the anxiety of
battle
', CCath. 2259 . fer ro lá sníomh . . . an tsaoghail de, FM
vi 2220.2 . ba s. ¤ ri cuane Chnuic Breg | éc ríg T., MacCarthy
20 190 § 3 . bid s. ¤ leisna dáini do fhulaṅg-su, Ériu iv 142 § 19 .
sníomh liom-sa th'Aonmhac `I lament thy son', Dán Dé
xxvi 37 .
(c) As vn. caitte don tí da dtiocfa | a sníomh le srían
n-oirbhiorta it must be subdued with the bridle of action (pros-
25perity compared to a steed), L. Cl. A. Buidhe 172.10 . sniom
a neinigh ni hiongnadh, Rel. Celt. ii 266.12 . fuidheall áir . . . |
'gá sníomh ó chróluighe a gcneadh tortured by their wounds,
Measgra D. 54.7 . atáid croidhe sonn gá sníomh | le trom
n-oire gach airdríogh `straining', Studies 1921, 75 § 12 . teisd
30mar sin ag sníomh oram, expld. by Ed. as: ag breith greama
orm impressing itself on me (?), DDána 85.11 . gin go mbé an
saoghal da sníomh though the world is untroubled, L. Cl. A.
Buidhe 211.11 . 'san saoghal dár sníomh `while the world
afflicts me
', PBocht 5.51 .
35Compds. ? dála sníomholla (second element oll? olann?),
DDána 83.8 . ¤ thoirse: claochládh sníomhthoirsi relieving
of anxious sorrow
, L. Cl. A. Buidhe 149.106 .