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A B C D1 D2 E F G H I L M N O P R S T U

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1 so demonstr. pron. this. Prob. adverbial in origin, see 1 sin,
1 síu, and Thurn. Gramm. § 475 .
Forms. In O.Ir. Glosses usually so, sa after non-palatal
25final, and se, seo, sea after a palatal, but so, sa occasionally
also after a palatal consonant and after -e and -i: ind epistilse,
Wb. 27d13 . ind epistil so, 3b20 . an uile se, 16c8 . an uile so,
15d13 . in chomairle se, Ml. 88b15 . dund lobrai se, 61b3 . in
cethardai seo, 36c23 . dunaib trebaib so, 101c6 . a nnoib sa,
30 69a21 . in n-insci se, Sg. 210a1 . isnaib dobriathraib so, 201b14 .
isin bith frecnairc sea, LU 1996 . With prec. (h)í always -siu,
see I (b). Later also su after non-palatals: in liachta su, PH
3534 ; si, siu after palatals: ind lipuir si, Hib. Min. 2 . don
ingen (leg. -in?) siu, IT i 120.12 . When se follows a word
35ending in -e a glide-vowel -i- is sometimes inserted (freq. in
bardic verse): is éiseo, TBC 1776 . na guidhei-se, DDána
67.51 . an líog . . . cloichei-se, 20.42 . a dhaoinei-se, Dán Dé vi
23 . an tighei-se, ix 26 . On the delenition of a prec. final
before the initial s of so, see Thurn. Gramm. § 139 , IGT
40 Introd. § 30 - § 39 .
Usage I Adjectival (usually enclitic, but in bardic metres
freq. as stressed word, see (d), (e), and (f) below).
(a) with article and noun this expressing present place and
time: in fect so now, Wb. 13d7 . a ndede so, 12d1 . a nuile se,
45 Ml. 55d21 . dund lobrai se, 61b3 . ind óin ainmnedo so `of this
one nominative
', Sg. 209b11 . in n-insci se, 210a1 . don grád so
Críth Gabl. 272 . forsin cathraigse, Lib. Hymn. i 30.4 . on
trath sa, LU 8334 ( FB 24 ). in genid seo, MU² 908 . in corthi
cloichi sea immuich, 646 . lasin crosfigillso, Mon. Tall. 28
50(137.27) . an teachso, TD 6.6 . In continuous speech so
generally refers to what follows: á trede so .i. bona et placens
et perfecta, Wb. 5c22 . arna tri remeperthise .i. ueritas rl.,
Ml. 65a11 . rabertsi na briathra sa: crennait brain | braigte
fer . . ., TBC 5730 . ba-cachain in laid seo `A Chruim Darail,
55cid at-chíu . . ., MU² 413 . Freq. with follg. sís: in salm so sís,
Ml. 52 . ar in trediu sa sís, 60a7 . in dí cheil se sis, Sg. 209b28 .
inna rundu sa sis, LU 3307 (SC). Referring to what precedes:
cid dinig di inchaib neich inna .vii. sa? Críth Gabl. 308 . in
fers áirithisea (already mentioned), PH 6501 . When the subst.
60is qualified by an adj. so follows the adj.: do thol in maith
mórsa, Fél. Prol. 267 . atbéra . . . in n-athesc n-acarb n-
adúathmar sa, LU 2342 . ind inbaid garb gemretta so, MU²
341 . feil Assáin baín bindsea, Gorm. Apr. 27 . a chraobh
fhionn-sa dot aimhdheoin, DDána 80.31 . uile, however,
65follows so: inna druingsea uili, Fél. Ep. 285 . atá uisci in
mara so uile bren, Maund. 93 . When the subst. is defined by
a definite noun in the gen. so precedes this: int aithesc[s]a
Apaill, Aen. 94 . do'n beind aird-se in tempuil, PH 4830 . san
chríchse chlann Rudhroighe, TD 7.30 . Note however: a
70chlann Chuirc-se (: dtuigse) 's a chlann Táil, DDána 91.16 .
When the dependent genitive is indefinite so follows it: ar
gnúis ind ríg nélsa, Fél. Ep. 398 . in méit n-imme sea, IT i
40.30 . issin ló bhaga sa indiu, TBC 5235 . an líog chomhthrom
chloichei-se, DDána 20.42 .
75(b) With O.Ir. (h)í: anísiu, Wb. 12d21 . innahísiu, 6c7 .
Hence emphatic form (h)ísiu (with stressed (h)í, see Thurn.
Gramm. § 475 - 6 ): in taidbsiu hi siu, Wb. 13b1 . cach fer
dinaib feraib hí siu, 12d40 . ní díltai dano in cetbuid nísiu,
Sg. 201b10 .
80(c) after the vocative: a c[h]uirp-seo, ZCP vi 265 § 17 . a
chliar sa, BNnÉ 288.7 . a fhir-se, DDána 53.5 . a dhream-sa,
29.32 . a chairt-se, Dán Dé iii 12 .
(d) with a noun preceded by a possessive. No exx. from
O.Ir. of this usage, but for early exx. of a similar constr. see
85 1 sin. Later: a shamail seo, PH 7328 . ic a furail so, 7393 .
atá an t-áer a chomglan so ós cinn an tsleibi, Maund. 22 .
briathra a maca samhla so, TD 2.22 . tar éis a suidhighthe so,
DDána 85.45 . mairg dá dtig a seach[h]na so, Dán Dé v 31 .
os a cheann so, Desid. 60 . 'n-a dhiaigh so, 1141 . dá éis so,
TD 26.17 . 'n-a aithle so, Dán Dé v 25 .
5(e) with conjugated prepp. (for earlier usage see II (a)
below): is amlaid-so . . . do foirned, PH 371 . is amlaid-seo
dochuadar amach, TTebe 3024 . gonadh aire so, Desid. 2026 .
asta so is follus, TSh. 1697 . ní hiarrthar mórán leabhar
chuige so, Desid. 5955 . is slan gach aithne dib so uile, Laws v
10190.27 Comm . di ernail . . . dibseo, RC xx 144.z . gurab díobh
so ghoireas Pōl . . ., Desid. 4067 . as é as ainm . . . dhi so eile,
6689 . dhóibh so, 5595 . denam-ni fris so, PH 131 . fá ris so,
Desid. 2400 . ríu so, 4433 . as uime so nách áil leam, 2011 . tig
leis so aní léaghthar, TSh. 672 . as aite leó so comhluadar,
15 Desid. 6348 . nit acca riam remi seo, IT i 120.25 . táinig . . .
roimhe so | gorta, TD 15.29 . nachas linub-sa secha so, TBC
2887 . tairis so, Desid. 2061 .
(f) replacing O.Ir. -som, -si after verbs and pronn.: nua na
calla sul chríonai-se, Dán Dé xvi 8 . go bhfuilid so, Desid. 3867 .
20 an bail atad so, TTebe 4856 . atáid so ar na suidheaghadh,
TD 39.6 . an uair smuainim iad so, Desid. 5774 . iad so uile
do bhreith leam, 2954 .
II Substantival (stressed). In O.Ir. freq. in so , more rarely
in se (in = article?, see Thurn. Gramm. § 482 ) except with
25prepp.
(a) with simple prepp. O.Ir. a s n. se. d s n. síu. bid amal so,
PH 3373 . ní nád mbed arse di chorp `not that it is not therefore
of the body
', Wb. 12a22 . arse gl. ob hoc, Ml. 18d15 . airsiu there-
fore
, Wb. 1b12 . do chuir mé mo lámh ar só, Irish Texts iii
3080.10 . as so go Sliabh gCrot, DDána 74.19 . cose, Wb. 3c15 .
cosse hitherto, 1b4 . 7d9 . cuse, 33d8 . diammad chara dam co
se | Cu Chulaind mac Soalte, LU 3320 ( SC 11 ). do claoiiodh
leis an nEagluis gó so, Desid. 4057 . With corrici, etc.: corricci
se, Wb. 9a9 . connice so, PH 1181 . go roiche so, Desid. 1199 .
35 co ro so, St. Ercuil 1993 . de ṡíu hence : fri alpai ṅdesiu, Sg.
217b8 . fri crích deṡiu, 217b12 . centarach .i. frie deṡiu, 71b2 .
do-bertatar glindi ind di síu ┐ anall, BDD² 421 . romsnāidhet
de siu | ar demnoibh na ceo, Ériu iv 238.8 . hi síu here: massu
bethu Crist . . cretmeni issiu, Wb. 13b21 . intain ṁbís hísiu,
40 17b3 . Cf. and so do-rala caínchomrád (position of stress
doubtful. Cf. mod. use of faí, tairis, etc., as simple prepp.),
MU² 136 . la se when see lase. ó so amach, TD 1.28 . ó sho,
DDána 76.3 . oc so, see oc I (c). re síu before see resíu.
(b) with cenmothá: cenmitha se, Wb. 8a2 .
45(c) with acht: acht so amháin, TD 20.6 .
(d) with the equative: is lerithir inso nonguidimse, Wb.
27d19 .
(e) acc. with verbs.: labraid in spirut noib . . . inso, Ml.
115a2 . is dun foccull sa adfet inso hule `it is of this word that
50he declares all this
', 125a11 . rogab inso `he sang this', 35b24 .
cid aratodlaigther inso `why seekest thou this?', 32a5 . is tussu
rogni inse, SR 6147 . asbert Cathbath inso sís, LU 8940 ( FB
71 ). as-bert in so huile, BDD² 168 . ro-chan in fáith in-seo,
PH 4838 . cip e duine do-bris so, 7770 . grás na maighdine sir
55so, DDána 22.21 . In tautology with infixed pron. 3 s. neut.:
darigensi (leg. darigénsid or darigénsidsi, Stokes) inso uile
`ye have done all this', Wb. 9c29 . atber som inso, Ml. 124b3 .
atrópert flaith . . . inso huile, Thes. ii 238.13 (Ardm.).
(f) nom. with pass. verbs: dognither inso, Ml. 32a10 . tuicther
60so, PH 7697 .
(g) nom. with subst. verb: ata so de, LL 332c56 . bíaid ocut
so, LU 4227 . ata so i n-agaid aithne, PH 7566 .
(h) nom. with active verbs: forsaní as iniquitasodium
trachtid so sís, Ml. 55c14 . dogní so gadaige de, PH 7600 .
65 eagail dóibh dá ndeachaidh so | i n-éadóchas ar Íosa, DDána
22.4 .
(i) with (i)ná (comparative): dearbhadh as fearr iná so,
Desid. 6285 . díoghrais molta as mhó iná so, DDána 13.2 .
(j) In constructions with the copula: (i) barbár inso `this is
70a barbarian
', Wb. 12d6 . desimrecht fetarlicci inso `this is an
example from the Old Law
', 29a13 . a montar som inso `this is
his household
', 7c5 . briathar dǽ inso, Ml. 30c16 . trop les inso,
18b1 . óen desimrecht so, Sg. 49a12 . coitchena so etir di arim,
72a2 . is fo chetbuid ala n-aile beos inso, 201b15 . amra so rig
75`this is the praise of a king', RC xx 136.16 (ACC, Bodl.). id
inso ced sloindes dun, LU 4744 (TBC). Freq. with follg. sís:
cosc inna mmoge inso sis, Wb. 29b1 . beím foris inso sís uile
`all this below is a recapitulation', 25c18 . foxlidi tres diil inso
sís, Sg. 104b1 . do tathmet na rig . . . batar 'sin mórdail inso
80sis, RC xx 136.17 (ACC, Bodl.). cesad Stephain in sin anuas
do fáillsiugud a chuirp so sis `this following refers to the dis-
covery of his body
', PH 1482 . (ii) is hæ inso in fognam, Wb.
27c18 . is sí inso fedb as uisse do goiri in æclis, 28d24 . is ed
inso far nindas, 33c14 . ithé inso boill ind sendúini, 27b8 . is
85he inso in nertad, Ml. 53a18 . issi inso ind insce, 80c3 . issi so
a chiall, 65a3 . ised inso a n-aill, 14c3 . ised inse an ecnæ,
128d9 it hé inse ind remerersidi, 115c1 . issí inso sís a chiall,
50c1 . issed inso a frecre `this is the answer to it', Sg. 200a10 .
issed inso nád chumaing aranísar and, 209b13 . issed se an
dliged, 206a2 . it hé se inna bríathra `these are the words', 4b12 .
5 it é inso trá gníma bóairech, Críth Gabl. 183 . is é so a de-
smerecht sede, RC xx 150.22 (ACC, Bodl.). at iat so . . . ríg
bátar isin dail sin, LU 3444 ( SC 22 ). is éiseo óenni moedim-se
chena, TBC 1776 . (iii) is he á thuasulcud inso, Ml. 53c14 . issí
ind frescisiu inse, 114a1 . issí ind remaisndis inso, Tur. 24 . is
10é aithech baitside inso dia mbé in[n]a enncai cen gait, Críth
Gabl. 142 . it é fodlai boáirech inso, 314 . ise bes aen ciniuda
inso, Laws ii 234.2 . Note also: isí inso ind rún inso .i. esséirge
inna n-uile marb, Wb. 13d16 . it he inse ind focháinn inso, Ml.
86c3 . (iv) issí inne inso fil and, Ml. 91a18 . issi chiall so fil and,
15 114c7 . is si figell indso dogen, Mon. Tall. 47 (144.30) . ite
secht mbeocaindle and so forosnad gae cach rig, Laws iv 52.9 .
ate donadmand innso diceanglad a feicheamna, 60.14 . iss ed
laithe inso as síam limm, TBFr. 133 . (v) with interrogatives:
in cumtubart lib inso? Wb. 3c3 . cía and-so? Sc.M² 11 . cia
20so? MU² 802 . cia fuaim so? BDD² 500 . inn é so Muinremor?
Sc.M2. inni so in Effis? PH 1059 .
(k) in vn. constructions: ro-dligfithea dítt so do denum,
PH 7404 . is coir . . so do fhis, 7986 . is cóir so do thuigsin,
Desid. 2320 .