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sainred n u or o,n. later m. (1 sain). In O.Ir. freq. sainreth. In
15later Mid.Ir. generally sun(n)rad, sonnrad. sunnradh m. (g s.
n p. -raidh, -artha), IGT Decl. § 49 (102.13) .
I (a) peculiar property or characteristic, distinguishing an
individual from others: a sainreth gl. proprium, Sg. 26b10 , 14 .
is s. ¤ do gl. speciale Ml. 44d5 . attáa lemsa a s. ¤ -sa `I have this
20peculiarity
', Wb. 32a5 . derscaigthetaid .i. a s. ¤ techtas nech
sech cách gl. praestantia, Ml. 37b8 . sainretha nó etarscarthi
gl. vasa . . . sancta, 37b1 . sainretha .i. noiba gl. sanctos, 37b4 .
Cf. 37a18 . With gen.: s. ¤ n-eulais leu isin dan frisgníat sech
cách, Ml. 37b12 . s. ¤ litre gl. proprietatem, Sg. 6b25 . iss ed
25sainreth pronominis a shuidigud ar anmmaimm dílius gl.
proprium est pronominis, 27a1 . sunnradh anmann ughdar
shenchais . . . Érenn `a particular list of names', Geneal. Tr.
i 4.1 . As pred. with copula folld. by DO proper to, character-
istic of: is s. ¤ doib insin .i. epert gue gl. quibus est familiare
30mendacium, Ml. 31b12 . s. ¤ do daltu anisiu, Wb. 27d18 . is
sainreth do interiecht guth formúigthe, Sg. 9b18 . sainreth
do maccaib a pélogud, 45b6 . fobith is [s]ainred do Dróbéiss
tonnem caín and for D. is noted for beautiful salmon, Trip.²
1697 . sainreth gním dogníth la D. distinguished the deed (?),
35 LL 36a11 .
(b) in IGT state of being definite, act of making definite, a
particle making a noun definite : ceithre sunnartha na Gáoidh-
eilgi, tulshunnradh, ┐ sunnradh innsgne, ┐ sunnradh an
táoibhréime, ┐ sunnradh an anma baisde; ┐ tigthear le
40sunnradh do bheith san iollradh mur so: `dá fhear' no `dá
throich' the four (ways of making) definite nouns, by means of
prefixed article, possessive, following genitive, and proper names
,
IGT Introd. § 15 (7.8) . Día nimhe, lochdach sunnradh air . . . gan
shunnradh gach ní oirrdhearc énaránach, ib. ( 7.13 ). an fearsa,
45cóir; fearsoin . . . lochdach . . . óir ní cóir barr gan shunnradh,
ib. ( 7.27 ). séimhiughadh sunnartha aspiration caused by
article
, § 68 (17.19) . easbaidh sunnartha (a metrical fault), § 2
(2.26) . iarmbérla sunnartha . . . mur tá don, no ón, no san.
Fear, focal neamhshunnartha; an fear, focal sunnartha, § 15 (7.20)
50(participial form ?). See tulshunnrad.
II Generally used as an adv. in dat. case either alone or
preceded by the article or prep. DO (DI) to qualify a word or
a statement. Frequently in a particularizing statement follg.
a more general one, to be precise, more exactly : amal nad
55finnatar sidi cia loc sainriud dia regtais `to what particular
place they would go
', Ml. 99b10 . duérglas soilse sainriud . . . do
imthimchiull in choimded `a special radiance', 120d2 . is do
as[sa]raib intsainriud `of the Assyrians in particular', 35a8 .
doluid D. . . . inna ndunad ┐ luid co port i mbói in rí indsain-
60riud, 55c1 . hisind luc sin indshainriuth, Sg. 8b6 . togu damsa
. . . túsu indsainriud dia nertad sech cách you of all others,
PCr. 2a2 . seta in duine cu coitcend . . . ┐ ni seta oenduine
sainrud, PH 4011 . sechum na peccaid dia domnaig saindrud
especially on Sunday, 7360 . ní haigne sainrad `as such', Laws
65 i 92.29 Comm . is edh tra sainriud i ragab cach dibh a ughtaras
these are the authorities on whom they relied in particular, 24.x
Comm . ceth sainriuth dotuic forsin meis[s]iu? what particular
reason placed you on this dish?
Ir. Texts i 11 § 33 = Lism. L.
325.x . ni rabi ic íarraid a dorais don t-ṡainruth itir, acht ra
70minaig beirn he was not looking for its door in particular but
broke a breach
, TBC 5137 . cia tir i rrugad Gaedeal? . . . I
nEgipt. Ocus cia airm sonnrud? . . . I mmaigh Ucca, Auraic.
16 . iss airi is dia tochmarc sainrud ludi C. it is on this account
that C. went to woo her above others
, LU 10190 . inna mná aile
75bátár con ríg . . . .i. Eithne . . . in t[s]inrud E. in particular,
4239 . ba saeth mor la D. inn t-sinnruth, IT i 138.27 . in fad
sin do tshinnrudh, St. Ercuil 54 . laad snechta an gemrid do
sunnrad, Death-tales 36.11 . aidchi samna do sonrad, RC xxiv
178.17 . do Connachtaib dó . . . do clannaibh Bríain . . . an
80tsainnrith, BNnÉ 11 § 1 . cur' bhó sanntach um crudh ┐ um
ór he do sunnraid , Lism. L. 292 . marbthar Zacarías . . . itir
in altoir ┐ in tempul sáinnrud, LB 144a51 . fóidit . . . Balam
in druí uadib . . . ┐ láir amail eoch fóa dishundrad, 122b52 .
on lúan re samain sáinriuth cossin cetáin iar n-imbulc pre-
85cisely
, TBC 2472 . a cínn a secht mbl[iadhna] deg do sinnr[u]d,
RC x 187.21 . do feraib [Hérenn] a cenēl, do Ultaib intshainn-
riuth, ZCP iv 45.26 . fuair se bás fa cend sé la iar sin adhaigh
domnaich cincísse do sundradh, BCC 406.29 . itir gach nech
da tanic ann tanic Sir H. do shinnrud . . . ann, ZCP vi 90.34 .
in ix. ad laithi a raith samraid do sunrad sin, MR 114.3 .
5 oidhche Cascc do shonradh, FM vi 1882.5 . bheith for a
ccionn ag Scéith Ghabhra an tsainridh, 1876.2 .

sainredach adj o, ā (sainred) later generally sun(n)radach (sund-,
sonn-).
I (a) peculiar or belonging to (an individual), characteristic
10of; particular, special, set apart: s. ¤ gl. peculiaris, Sg. 57a1 . Ml.
137b4 . sainredaig gl. peculiari, 138b3 . sainredchaib gl. pri-
vatis, 126a10 . ind s. ¤ gl. privato, 124d14 ; s. ¤ gl. sua, Sg. 148b4 .
inna caine sainredchae gl. elegantiae singularis, Ml. 37b10 .
cach gnúis nad techta ainm s. ¤ `a special name' (a name of its
15own
), Sg. 154a2 . in son file iar cul indi as sanctis asberr du
cech s. ¤ ┐ rubrigach techtas nech `to everything particular and
excellent
', Ml. 37a18 . asberam sanctos sainredchu . . . doib
dint sainriud inna noibe techtae, 37b16 . atat . . . .v. psailim
sainrethcha isin tsaltair forsa taphair ind apgiter ebra, Hib.
20Min. 6.190 . in forcmaither áes sainrethech dond fhi[u]r
midboth? Críth Gabl. 32 . selba sainrudcha personal pos-
sessions
, LU 2178 ( FA 25 ). da oibriughadh mor tshunnradhach
fein, Smaointe B. Chr. 335 . In pl. also several, distinct : dunaib
gnusib sainredchaib inna ndule, Ml. 108d14 . donaib oindaib
25nó donaib sainredcha[ib] gl. singulis, 45a8 (`preeminent', Thes. ¤ ,
cf. (c) below). ic sāssad cethri rann sundradach in betha,
Corm. Y 607 .
(b) specific, definite (oft. = Lat. quidam, Eng. a certain):
ainm do dorus s. ¤ in hIerusalem, Ml. 131c3 . itá sóebchore
30sainraedach i mmedon in tsrothasin, LU 2113 ( FA 18 ). sluind
persainni [sain]raidchi . . . in fer-sa saindriud cona anmaim
. . . Sluind ceniuil immorro . . . is e in fear ┐ ni fes cia sainriudh
acht is fer tantum, Auraic. 706 - 13 = persainde saindredaige,
3460 . daigh feised cisi inad sainradach a mboi, D iv 2, 73va4 .
35 nāch do galar sainruthach etir atbath that he did not die of any
particular disease
, BColm. 106.4 . ro sudiged . . . fer sainrodach
do guin ind arad that some man should be chosen to kill, LU
9755 = RC vi 164.16 . dofornic lanamnai sainredaig ara
chiund a certain couple, LU 11017 . tre forcongra druincce
40sainredhaicche don Ord a certain section, Ir. Texts iii 40.13 .
i mbeól átha sainredhaigh a certain ford, FM v 1856.3 . ro
fhorcongair . . . for dhaoinibh sainredhacha uaisle, vi 2074.21 .
aurthuch na forthuch for nech saindredach (.i. for nec dib go
sunradach), Laws iv 178.20 , 180.12 Comm . sē laithe sonn-
45radhacha chom dēirce gacha bliadhna appointed days, Fl.
Earls 100.2 . Perh. partial, biased in: ma fiada forgill ni bi . . .
sunnra[da]ch seircech, ni bi eitsech eascorach, O'C. 2601 ( Eg.
88, 51 (52)b ).
(c) in sense special = pre-eminent: ferais Fand . . . fáelti
50sinredaig (sic) fri Coin C., LU 3779 ( SC 35 ). is e do-rat seirc
sainredaig dó sech cach n-apstal, PH 1922 . Cf. Ml. 37b10
cited above. ? neamhchoimeád na dtrí subháilceadha dhiadha
┐ na gceithre subháilceadha sonnrádhacha the theological and
cardinal virtues
, Eochairsg. 93.8 . do bi se sunnradhach
55ingantach tar cach uile, Smaointe B. Chr. 1964 .
Gramm. definite, due to definition by the article: .t. lom
séimhiughadh sunnarthach .s. ¤ aspiration caused by the article,
IGT Introd. § 34 (11.32) .
II As adv. (a) used like sainriud, in tsainriud: ni dae saigit
60s. ¤ .i. ni he a ttarbh airithe fein ionnsaighit, Leb. Gab. 30.18 .
ro choraig airchindech airithe do na hulib dúilib saindredach:
Lucifer dona demnaib, grian dona rendaib,etc., severally, PH
6380 . ateoch nem ┐ talmuin ┐ Cruinn in tsainrethaig C. above
all
, LU 5514 = inthainsrethaich, TBC² 1032 . dolluid dochum
65Fiachna in t[s]ainredach, LU 10925 . in na laimther forgull
na airthiuch bid nech (leg. neich?) int[s]ainrudach `that it
belongs to anyone in particular
', Laws iv 192.14 . ? día sathairn
do sundrách , BCC 268.19 .
(b) with co: in druth co sundradach, Laws v 144.1 Comm .
70 beir lat soir go sunradhach go Breifneachaibh mo bhennacht
especially, BNnÉ 266 § 234 . ar einech Ceneoil-Conaill uile ┐
hUi Tairce[i]rt co sonradhach, AU ii 254.8 . cur milset tuatha
┐ eclusai . . . ┐ co sundradach manestir Brathar Preciur, Ann.
Conn. 1296.9 . ro fiarfaigh B. scela na criche-sin ┐ co sunn-
75radach scela Sisian, ZCP vi 290.30 . is é peacadh an éadóchais
go sonnradhach thuigthear ann so, TSh. 1904 . ar na neic[h]ibh
fliucha, ┐ ar usci na fairgi go sunnradach, Ir. Astr. Tr. 46.25 .

sainṡemail, -amail adj i Appar. a form of sainemail infl. by
samail: sainsamail (corrected in MS. from sainsemail) gl.
80 potis, Sg. 39b4 . aire nó sainshamail gl. optimas, 50a27 . máthair
s. ¤ Samúail excellent, unique (?), SR 5376 .

sainṡemlae, -amlae n[iā,f.] (sainṡemail) = sainemlae: secht
ṅgrad ann, airegda in gnim, | fria sainṡemla ind ardríg as a
distinctive attribute of the supreme king
(?), SR 682 . rí dorat
85sainhṡamlai slain | for clainn n-airegdai nAbráim, 5017 .

sainṡerc n(1 sain+serc) special love or affection : saine cron
sainseirce (sic leg.?) .i. sainiugud cruid don ti is sercach leis
sech a ceile da claind, Laws iii 50.27 , 52.3 Comm . an sainserc
tucc . . . | do t[h]einm laodho na ffiledh, Sitzb. 1919, v 93 § 26 .
fri sain-sheirc na sóer-Banba, Met. Dinds. iii 4.30 . gé ro
5dlighset s. ¤ dhó ar a cheneóil, FM vi 1924.12 . Of persons: is si
mo sansercsa di cleirchib ind deiscirt, Mon. Tall. 150.10 . rob
tusa t'oinar | s. ¤ mo cridhe, Ériu ii 89 § 8 . ba s. ¤ lais inti Comgan,
v 20.18 . is railecc ríg . . . | cid s. ¤ slúag `specially dear to hosts',
Met. Dinds. iii 2.10 .