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spairn, spairnn n f.(Mid.Ir. barann, O'Rahilly, Sc.G.St. ii 27 ).
g s. spairne, sparna, etc., IGT Decl. § 42 (95.19) . Cf. also § 45
(99.22) v.l..
60(a) fight, conflict, battle, struggle, striving : sbairn fa n-
aghaibhthir t'umhlocht, TD 22a.55 . sbairn 'na n-aghaidh dob
aicmeil, Ériu iv 222 § 39 . i sbairn fa cheann blaighidh beirn,
DDána 91.24 . sbairn re lúdh 's re lámhach, 98.42 . olc do
t'din do sbairn, Celt. Rev. iii 206.6 . a n-áth na médla is maidm
65air | sbairn an chédgha nír chosain, IGT Decl. ex. 970 . ag
dénamh sbarna . . . a núrnuighthibh, Col. iv 12 . gan ghliaidh
gan spáirnn, Hackett xvii 10 . sochaide ro tuit dot spairnn
through thy prowess, RC xxiii 420.19 . an ghaoith 's an fuacht
le fuaim na néall i spáirnn contending, Hackett xix 32 . re linn
70mhic Cuinn, nar thím i sparruinn, Ó Bruad. i 38.15 . an saor-
bhrugh . . . | 'na chnámh spairnne aca dá sraoileadh a bone of
contention
, Keat. Poems 1572 . i gcummus na spáirnne,
Hackett xl 242 . spairnn . . . ré dhuanaibh sin to vie with his
poems
, Content. xxv 11 .
75As vn.: gorbhaird bhíos fa chíos na fléise ag spairnn, TD
35.10 . ag spairnn riú im ríoghacht bhFódla, Content. xvi 154 .
is mairg | atá fán saoghal ag spairn who strives after worldly
things
, Measgra D. 77.14 . ar mbeith damh ag sbairn `striving',
Col. i 29 .
80(b) wrestling : ro iar spairn fair challenged him (to a bout of
wrestling), St. Ercuil 2393 . dá mbeithea ag spairnn ré duine,
Mac Aingil 85.14 . geall sparnna do chor challenge to a wrestling-
match
, 19 . gur bhriseamair an t-oidhridh le spreoighiocht na
sparuinne sin (a man fighting with an eagle), Celt. Rev. x
85142.7 . do bhí ag spáirn ris `wrestled', Gen. xxxii 25 . ní . . . ré
feoil donímuid sbairn `we wrestle not against flesh', Eph. vi 12 .
Compds. ¤ aicme: sparnn-aicme airm-ghéar `a battling
race
', Content. xxix 25 . ¤ dímsach: d'aicme líonmhair
spairnndíomsach | préimhe Tháil haughty in combat, Hackett
xxii 11 .

5 spairnid v(spairn) wrestles : do spáirn mé . . . ream dearbhsiaír,
Gen. xxx 8 .

spairnidecht n f.(spairn) wrestling: maille ré spáirnuidheacht
mhóir, Gen. xxx 8 .

spairr ind(cf. sparrad): ríg nime . . . | ar demun dom dín | dom
10sprebad (spelad, spreagadh, v.ll.) dom spairr (sparr, v.l.)
urging me on (?), KMMisc. 256 § 30 .

spairre xsee sparr.

spairt n(pairt, see Eg. Gl. index, Sc.G.St. ii 28 ) lump, clod, mass;
clot (of blood): s. ¤ , fód, Eg. Gl. 544 . na saignena tentide . . . fo
15delbaib columan mor ┐ sparti ┐ troisti n-adbal, CCath. 4776 .
na cosa 'na spairtibh splíonuighthe his feet like lifeless clods,
TSh. 1092 . atá mo chorp ar na éadughadh . . . le spairtibh
lúaithrigh, Job vii 5 . With cró: ro línad a long . . . do spairtibh
cró (pairtib, v.l.), CCath. 2076 . co n-derrna smirspairti fola
20cro da curp, CF 221 . frass fola d'fherthoin . . . go raibh ina
spairtibh cró, L. Cl. A. Buidhe 23.15 .

spaisteóirecht n(cf. Eng. spatiate) walking, strolling,
promenading : bātor ag sibal ┐ ag spaisteōracht a ngalari, Fl.
Earls 78.12 . dol do spaisteōracht, 238.2 . a' spoisteóracht air
25bhruach an chuain, ITS xxiv 126.16 . lē spaitseōireacht ┐ lē
saethur furbaīlteach, RSláinte 1653 . do chúaladar guth an
tighearna Dé ag spaisdeóiracht annsa ngaírdín, Gen. iii 8 .
tarla . . . go raibh ag spaisdeóracht a núachtar thighe an rígh,
2 Sam. xi 2 .

30 spallmaib ind d p. drong ar spallmaibh úra ag guidhe `on cold
flags
', E. O'Rahilly x 15 .

spallugad n act of challenging (?): créad é an t-óglaoch úd do
chluinim dá bhúr spallúghudh? CF Eg. 255 = cred an laech
ud adchim? . . . Laech sud ac iaraidh comhlaind cēd, CF 447 .

35 ? spalmach: ind senoir s. ¤ , ZCP vi 48.22 .

spalpaid v(cf. spailp) pours out (oaths, lies): sléachtaim spal-
paim-se, E. O'Rahilly (ed. 1900) li 9 . admhuim . . . | gur
chealgach . . . mo bheul air siubhal, | fár sparraineach do
spalpainn-se na spréacha mionn, lii 11 .

40 1 sparán n o,m. (cf. Eng. purse? Lat. bursa?) purse, pouch :
sboran gl. loculus, Ir. Gl. 514 . an s. ¤ do thrághadh do dhíol an
fhíona, TSh. 2949 . cídh bé na fuil ní na s. ¤ , O'Don. 848 ( H.
3.17, 603 ). ó do lín | a sporain d'ór an airdrígh, Irish Texts ii
4.27 . nós sparáin na sgillinne | atá agad 'mun eneach the
45magic purse
(which always had money in it), Measgra D. 20.29
(see note). na hiomchruidh sbarán, na tiách lóin, Luke x 4 .
dénuidh sparáin daoibh féin, xii 33 . gurab aige dho bhí an s. ¤ ,
John xii 6 . In proverbial expression: is fonn liom . . . sporán
olna do chur ar chrios an bhrealláin .i. Eoghan Mac Cárrthaigh
50Riabhach ┐ na sé fhearainn atá aige do bhaint de to cheat,
rob
(?), E. O'Rahilly lii ( ITS iii 292.6 ). ná beadh de thairbhe
an chíosa ag E. acht sporán olna do chur ar a chrios mar do
chuir sé féin ar chrios A., 294.27 . In sobriquet (of a person
noted for generosity): an Biocaire Mor O'Gilla Michil ris a
55ráití S. ¤ oslaighthe, Misc. Celt. Soc. 50.9 . inghen an oirc |
anbhfann an glíadh | sbarán gan sbréidh | danál na díaigh (of
a dead pig), Irish Texts i 25 § 4 .
Extended uses: is labarta anois do shoithech in domblais ┐
is amlaid atá na s. ¤ the gall-vessel is like a pouch, O'Gr. Cat.
60 262.4 . sparan na n-uirgid = bursa testiculorum (scrotum),
Rosa Ang. 236.3 . Of the breasts: dá lagsbarán . . . lóncích ar
liath-ucht na laochbaidhbe, Caithr. Thoirdh. 104.30 . In name
of a plant: lus in sparáin = bursa pastoris, O'Gr. Cat. 227.10 .

2 sparán ind(sparr?): na sparáin `the crisping pins', Isa. iii 22 .

65 sparr, sparra, spairre n(ON sparri, Ling. Val. 123 . Or from
Mid.Eng.?). sbarr m., IGT Decl. § 96 (130.6) . sparra (sbairre,
v.l.) m., § 2 (39.21) . sbairr m. and f., § 45 .
(a) spar, beam, rafter : techit iarom C. ┐ L. for sparrib na
tigi, LU 8763 ( FB 57 ). troisdi imlebra . . . ┐ spairri sit[h]remra
70taibh re taibh `spars' (building of rafts), CCath. 2624 . Te-
amhair thiar is treabh gan sbairr a dwelling without rafters (or
to (c)?), IGT Decl. ex. 1248 . Of a bar of gold: sparra órdha
Ophir `the golden wedge of O.', Isa. xiii 12 . Cf. Eg. Gl. 557 .
(b) stake, spike, nail : do chuir sbair mor reamhur trithi nail
75(of Christ's hand), Smaointe B. Chr. 4030 . mo ghéaga air
spara ins an daor-chrois treasna `nailed sideways', E. O'Rahilly
(1900) li 87 . do leanbh dhil a sparra cruise, (1900) lii 6 (perh.
to (a) supra). Of the bars or spikes of a city gate: a cholann
dochím . . . | rannta ar sparraibh a nÁth Cliath (sparra, v.l.),
80 LBranach 4024 (see note). ceathra boill . . . | dá gcomhroinn
ar cheithre spairr, 4048 . boill . . . an laoich . . . | roinnte ar
sparra chruaidhbheann chlach, 4060 . go raibh a gcroidhe sa
gcinn ar sparra aca `impaled on the city gates', Ó Bruad. iii
102.2 .
85Hence (c) gate of a town or city; fortification : i ndorus spairri
na Gaillmhe `military gate', FM vi 2008.22 . do radadh crech
cuicce o Spairre an bhaile mhóir `from the very gate', 2142.8
(see note). ó Sparr Átha Deiridh, L. Cl. A. Buidhe 43.28 .
anaid ar cúlaibh crand sean | ar sbarr dúnaidh fa dereadh,
IGT Decl. ex. 1714 . ní théid cridhe dúinte dall | tar sbarr
5chúirte nimhe anunn past the gate of the court of heaven, IGT
Decl. ex. 1715 . Samson . . . do bhi maille forbhfailti fa
sbarraibh duinte ag Gazenses, ITS xxix 154.28 . tríd gach
sparra, Ó Bruad. iii 110.15 .
Cf. spairr, sparrad.