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65 sparr, sparra, spairre n(ON sparri, Ling. Val. 123 . Or from
Mid.Eng.?). sbarr m., IGT Decl. § 96 (130.6) . sparra (sbairre,
v.l.) m., § 2 (39.21) . sbairr m. and f., § 45 .
(a) spar, beam, rafter : techit iarom C. ┐ L. for sparrib na
tigi, LU 8763 ( FB 57 ). troisdi imlebra . . . ┐ spairri sit[h]remra
70taibh re taibh `spars' (building of rafts), CCath. 2624 . Te-
amhair thiar is treabh gan sbairr a dwelling without rafters (or
to (c)?), IGT Decl. ex. 1248 . Of a bar of gold: sparra órdha
Ophir `the golden wedge of O.', Isa. xiii 12 . Cf. Eg. Gl. 557 .
(b) stake, spike, nail : do chuir sbair mor reamhur trithi nail
75(of Christ's hand), Smaointe B. Chr. 4030 . mo ghéaga air
spara ins an daor-chrois treasna `nailed sideways', E. O'Rahilly
(1900) li 87 . do leanbh dhil a sparra cruise, (1900) lii 6 (perh.
to (a) supra). Of the bars or spikes of a city gate: a cholann
dochím . . . | rannta ar sparraibh a nÁth Cliath (sparra, v.l.),
80 LBranach 4024 (see note). ceathra boill . . . | dá gcomhroinn
ar cheithre spairr, 4048 . boill . . . an laoich . . . | roinnte ar
sparra chruaidhbheann chlach, 4060 . go raibh a gcroidhe sa
gcinn ar sparra aca `impaled on the city gates', Ó Bruad. iii
102.2 .
85Hence (c) gate of a town or city; fortification : i ndorus spairri
na Gaillmhe `military gate', FM vi 2008.22 . do radadh crech
cuicce o Spairre an bhaile mhóir `from the very gate', 2142.8
(see note). ó Sparr Átha Deiridh, L. Cl. A. Buidhe 43.28 .
anaid ar cúlaibh crand sean | ar sbarr dúnaidh fa dereadh,
IGT Decl. ex. 1714 . ní théid cridhe dúinte dall | tar sbarr
5chúirte nimhe anunn past the gate of the court of heaven, IGT
Decl. ex. 1715 . Samson . . . do bhi maille forbhfailti fa
sbarraibh duinte ag Gazenses, ITS xxix 154.28 . tríd gach
sparra, Ó Bruad. iii 110.15 .
Cf. spairr, sparrad.

10 sparrad n(cf. spairr, sparr). sbarradh m., IGT Decl. § 11 (55.5) .
sparradh `a fastening or nailing; also to fasten or nail', P. O'C.
` driving, inculcating ', O'R.

sparrag: n feastrach, biorrach, s. ¤ `a muzzle ', Eg. Gl. 284 .

sparrainech adj(spairn) contentious, quarrelsome : admhuim . . . |
15gur chealgach . . . mo bheul air siubhal, | fár sparraineach do
spalpainn-se na spréacha mionn, E. O'Rahilly (ed. 1900) lii 11 .

spás n o,m. (prob. Eng. or Romance loan-word, but used also in
sense of Latin passus in Acall. 68 infra. See Stokes Gloss.)
space (usually of time): s. ¤ aimsire, Corp. Astron. 8.9 . s. ¤ aimsire
20iarruim air | go tilleadh dhamh óm dhúthaigh, L. Cl. A.
Buidhe 218.5 . s. ¤ tríchad lá, O'Gr. Cat. 246.15 . sbas se nuaire
daimsir, Ir. Astr. Tr. 80.x . nach bind sbas na fuireach a
h-aitli na sdaiti gan dul ar neitfni, RC xlix 37 § 11 . gan s. ¤
without delay, Oss. iii 238.8 . Of place: adeir co fuair idir an
25speir lanmoir ┐ Stodiacus . . . spas fada = differentiam, Ir.
Astr. Tr. 120.z . ní deachadur acht náoi sbáis ón dorus amach
paces, Acall. 86 .

spasmus n(Lat. loan-word) spasm, convulsion : nech ara mbeith
s. ¤ , Rosa Ang. 76.4 . fēdaig s. ¤ teagmāil a meiri, RSláinte 1612 .

30 spata n(bata?) sword: do ghlac a sbata .i. a chlaidium, ZCP xiii
183.22 .

? speb: ind speab nó cearrbacac = cauda capallína, Arch. i 334
§ 42 (leg. sreb, Stokes).

spec n(Eng. beck, O'Rahilly, Sc.G.St. ii 28 ) in compd.: issí théit
35a richt in spegdubain, Acall. 5679 ` water-spider ', Gloss.

spech n(bech, O'Rahilly, Sc.G.St. ii 25 ) kick, blow : o preip no
o speic[h] cosi, Mackinnon Cat. 25.2 .

spécla n= spéclóir: gabaid spechlai glaine cucu da reamrugad
na litrech spectacles , Ir. Astr. Tr. 28.10 . Of the Cross beacon,
40 guiding light : 'n-a sbéacla fhear n-ainbheasa, DDána 54.9 .

spéclóir n i,m. (based on Eng. or Lat.) (a) mirror: Colaim . . .
speclair na hogh[achta] = speculum virginitatis, BCC 8.3 .
radharc spéucláire dorcha, 1 Cor. xiii 12 . an ladh neoch
nochtus dúind mar sbeclair ar nolc féin, Carswell 7.4 .
45(b) spectacles: ? feichemain forsa mbid sgiathderc .i. sgath
fora dercaib .i. in sbeclair, O'C. 72 ( H. 3.18, 46½ ). cuirim
spéaclóir ar mo chluais, Measgra D. 7.127 .
(c) beacon, guiding light : cloch búadha i ndédchnáim do
dornchla | sbécláir úamha dorcha duid, IGT Decl. ex. 55 . Of
50the Cross: sbéacláir na cruinne an chroch naomh, DDána 54.1 .
a-tá si-se . . . | 'n-a sbéacláir shaoir sholusghlain, 8 . sbéacláir
cháigh, 28 .

spedán indin: cnāim-speadān .i. cnāim fāsus don taob thsīs dalt
na seireadh leathastigh (a disease of horses), cited Sc.G.St. ii
5525 from H. 3.18, 85a . Perh. from Eng. pad = paw, O'Rahilly,
ib. ? Cf. spadán, spegach.

? spedudud: ind mo scīan is mo spedudhud, K. and H. 6 (cf. ZCP
iii 455 , Sc.G.St. iii 62 ).

spegach: ind sbegach gl. aglossus (= Gk. ἄγλωσσος not quick of tongue),
60 Ir. Gl. 629 . ? Cf. spedán.

speic n= Lat. species (see Sc.G.St. ii 28 ): speig mentastri, Arch.
i 335.73 .

spéice n m.` wooden beam or spike or iron spike ', P. O'C. dá s. ¤
mhóra do bheith aguinn ar ar nguaillibh PCT 958 . ceann an
65s. ¤ , 1032 . do shin . . . a s. ¤ coise tar fuarma suas his long awkward
foot
, 630 .

spéicéir n m.(Eng. loan-word) speaker: gurab iad budh spéi-
céiridhe ag an bPairliment sin, PCT 954 .

speil n f.(Lat. spolium, O'Rahilly, Sc.G.St. ii 26 ). cattle, herd,
70 flock : ealbha, búar, s. ¤ , tréud, Eg. Gl. 255 . amhuil s. ¤ ghabhar,
Cant. vi 5 .

speilp n(Lat. peplum, O'Rahilly, Sc.G.St. ii 28 ) garment, cover-
ing : s. ¤ gl. coopertorium, Ir. Gl. 730 . co r-scáil in s. ¤ boi imme
`cloak' (= fasciale), PH 2603 = YBL 141a52 . sbeilp croicinn
75chruaídh | fan gcorpán gcáidh (in poem on a dead pig), Irish
Texts i 28 § 27 .

speinnséir n m.(Eng. spencer) spencer, steward : spinnséir
mhainistrech, Mac Aingil 334.4 . Fig. of the Pope: sdíobhard
┐ speinnséir . . . dá roinn ar chloinn Chríostt, 446.8 . Cf.
80 spinnséirech.

speir n(Mod. form of seir, O'Rahilly, Sc.G.St. ii 26 ) hough, ham :
do ghearr D. speirreacha each na ccarbad, 2 Sam. viii 4 .

spéir n f.(Lat. sphaera, perh. through Fr. or Eng.). sbéir f.,
IGT § 14 (69.7) .
85(a) sphere, circle : sluaigh in t-Sabhdain a foslongpurt . . . ┐
iad do reir spere no compais comcruind in the shape of a
sphere
, ZCP vi 59.3 . comchruinn feib speire boí in lucc sin,
St. Ercuil 1274 . Of a cone: is ar cuma speiri ata sgaili na
talman = et quod umbra terre est conus (Gloss.), Ir. Astr. Tr.
86.18 . Note also: tar imioll is méala s. ¤ a crotha do dhul `the
5beauty of its form
' (of poetry), Ó Bruad. iii 194.3 .
(b) orbit (of a heavenly body): don taibh thuas do speir an
re, Ir. Astr. Tr. 86.20 . ó tá an domhan i modh chruinn | is
spéar gréine na cearcuill `solar firmament', Content. v 40 .
speir na greine . . . s. ¤ na nardrennach ndaingen, MS. Mat.
10 657.35 .
(c) sky, heaven, firmament : an torann . . . | do thugadh an
tonn go s. ¤ , Oss. iii 264.20 . dar an sbéir `by heaven', O'Gr. Cat.
30.12 . s. ¤ is fairge, Keat. Poems 1462 . budh prás an s. ¤ bhías
ós do chionn, Deut. xxviii 23 . íoghar na spéire horizon, ZCP
15 v 205.6 (Midn. Court). In pl.: imdenam na firmaminti ┐ na
spered, D iv 2, 71va12 . taisbeanuid na spéirigh obair a lámh,
Ps. xix 1 . thugadar na spéirigh fúaim, lxxvii 17 .