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sreth ā,f. vn. of sernid. sreath (an arbha), IGT Decl. § 39
(91.15) .
I Act of strewing, spreading out; that which is strewn, laid
25out: s. ¤ gl. struo, strues, Sg. 50b5 . 55b10 . hi far srethaib gl. in
stratis uestris (i.e. beds), Ml. 20d9 . Of furniture, etc., forming
a normal part of the equipment of a house (see Críth Gabl.
Gloss.): indles . . . cach s. ¤ as chórus for lár, Críth Gabl. 223 .
a sretha sét, 243 . sretha córai isin tig, a[i]ribor cach[a]
30méit[e] ┐ iarn cach gníma ┐ humalestrai im chaire i talla boin
co tinniu, 404 . indles . . . cach amur ┐ cach s. ¤ olchena, cach
ni srethnaigter and do mindlestraib na cerdcha, Laws iii
190.z Comm . According to Thurneysen this is the basis of the
meaning in Cóic Con. Fug. (`das Hinbreiten, das Hingebreitete',
35hence `die Unterlage, Grundlage'), but perh. merely series,
collection
(of legal judgements, etc.): s. ¤ (sretha, v.l.) faillsigthi
na conairi fugill is fir: lia do fír fri sena n-anbal . . . .i. is é ní
sre[th]nai[g]ther d'faillsiugh forin conair fuigill is fior `die
Grundlage für Aufklärung auf dem "Urteilsweg", der fīr ist
40(heißt
)', Cóic Con. Fug. 16 § 3 . cuic conair[e] fuigill . . . sain a conair, sain a
cina, sain a s. ¤ . . . .i. is [sain] a s. ¤ faillsigthi fuil re aithne cach
conairi fuigill dib r[e] cele `verschieden von der andern ist die
Grundlage zur Aufhellung, die zur Erkennung jedes Weges
besteht
', 30 - 31 § 17 - § 21 . sretha failsighte na conaire fuigill is
45fír, no is e inní is coir d'ursundud no d'faillsiugud forin conair
fuigill is fír, 36 § 46 . See p. 5 .
II Usually row, line, series, arrangement, order . (a) sretha[ib]
sina .i. rom-didna ar cach ṅgalar intí riasa ro[ṡr]ethnigtis na
sina `arrangements of weather', ACC 107 ( RC xx 278 ). tar
50sálmuire sretha `over ranges of mainseas', Fél. Ep. 238 . co
n-accatár . . . teóra sretha isind [ḟ]raigid . . . s. ¤ . . . di bretnasaib
óir . . . ┐ s. ¤ di muntorcaib óir . . . in tres s. ¤ di claidbib, LU
1708 ff . mana[isi] . . . co sreathaibh semann with rows of
rivets
, TBC 5518 . atchonnarc na saltracha | na sreith táeb ra
55táeb, LL 298b16 ( SG 367.12 ). trí nói s. ¤ fíacal fata, Ériu iv 102
§ 45 . ō cech tricha cēt | dlegar for sēt sreith `by various routes',
KMMisc. 272 § 57 . a cóic cethri deich data | ar sreith óenaig
allata `glorious fairs in succession', Met. Dinds. iii 12.138 . 'na
srethaib | trí hídail chloch fo chethair `ranged in ranks', iv
6022.45 . ba lōr d'ōebnius ar ōensreith in one series, ZCP viii
272 § 62 . fosernd clothrī Connacht īer cūl, cáine sretha the
noble King of Connacht places himself behind, excellent the
order
, 108.7 . cóic sretha do rámhaibh `five ranks of oars',
CCath. 1941 . go dtráigh sibh an sreith ndabhach, Aithd. D.
65 11.20 . s. ¤ braon `drops streaming' (i.e. rain), O'Gr. Cat. 453.20 .
ciabh na sreath hair in waves, DDána 75.8 . sreath do linntibh
fuairbhreath `a series of ruthless measures', PBocht 18.25 . s. ¤
bagún is brannrad `a procession of bacon and trivets' (i.e. to the
house of a chief), Studies 1920, 417.x . do shinneadar sreatha
70síorbhinne . . . téad mbeannchrot `bouts', Maguires of F. 56.16 .
(b) ranks, lines of people, soldiers, etc.: M., C., | co ṅaidbli
a srethe `with the vastness of their train (?)', Fél. Dec. 4 . gnúis
fri gnúis ina srethaib ┐ ina corónib, LU 2047 . etir sretha sīl
Ādaim, ZCP iii 23.28 . do chuirib, do chóem-srethaib `for
75companies and gentle ranks
' (notes), Met. Dinds. iii 278.38 .
.u. coin geala na nglansreith, BB 277a4 = cóic eich ghela
'n-glan sreith, BR 178.16 . lánamhna is ógha is feadhbha | . . . |
'n-a dtrí naoimhsreathaibh ar nimh, DDána 29.35 . sreatha
seilge hunting-bands, Hackett liv 21 . Of armies, etc.: la sreith
80slóig Z. `with the series of the host of Z. (?)', Fél. Aug. 24 . dá
trichait marc min | . . . | concert-sa in dá sreith the two ranks,
LU 9953 . imrim each imasernar s. ¤ slúag (sic leg.) (rhet.), RC
v 202 § 20 . rosernad . . . cech slog . . . i n-a sreith, MacCarthy
56.24 . mas ar druim ech ṅdond atáit | droṅg s. ¤ sniit, MU² 443
85(see note). batar . . . na Rómanaig imon catrig ina srethaib,
LB 154a35 . sretha sirthe risin saimgrēin ranks of skirmishers
in the summer sun
, ZCP xii 290.21 . Cf. co roibe crīch Breg i
n-a comar creach ┐ i n-a cēidi c[h]uarta ┐ i n-a sreathaib
sirthi dona suidight[h]ib sin, ML² 1133 . a fhir dodechaid
atúaid | co srethaib `surrounded by troops', Met. Dinds. iv 2.2 .
5 tanic . . . | aníar ar slicht na srethi `on the track of the convoy',
54.2 . sreata ┐ sluag-buidni, Celt. Rev. iv 16.24 . ceithri
sretha . . . do shaighdiúiridhibh `lines', FM v 1694.z .
(c) Of ornamentation on garments, etc.: tri nói gem . . . | ba
foir 'na sreith (a brooch), Met. Dinds. iii 122.40 . brat co
10srethaib di ōr impe stripes, lines, edgings (?), ZCP xiii 373.4 .
sretha sítai fri a gelchnes, TFerbe 122 . srethai sítai uas a
cind, 777 . roindfithí fúdbai féinded fo shrethaib óir `Haufen',
Alex. 219 . a ṅ-edaige srolda . . . fo sretaib oir ┐ argaid, BB
429b5 .
15(d) Of details of the structure of buildings: na doirsí . . . co
srethaib óir ┐ argait foraib layers, panels (?), Alex. 593. 10
coraighid cláraigh ┐ sailghi ┐ eochrainn . . . ina srethaibh . . .
forra anuas `rows', CCath. 1812 . faiceam tomhus na gcleath
gcorr | na sreath solus, na sreath sliom rows of pillars (?),
20 DDána 119.28 . sreath ghabhlach go ngrés uamann a series
of beams
, L. Cl. A. Buidhe 183.94 . sreath chlár ós clochaibh
díona, 101 . go gcōic srethoip do cholomhnoip marmair `rows',
Fl. Earls 96.20 .
(e) rows of buildings, streets : hilar n-adba . . . | srethaib
25sretta fri sid sain, SR 2475 . da line . . . do tighibh ar mullach
a múir . . . iter na da s. ¤ sin `between those two ranges' (of houses),
CCath. 20 . s. ¤ do Thriun Mór ┐ s. ¤ do Thriun Saxan `street', FM
ii 942.10 . raith Arda Macha . . . do losccadh . . . ┐ dá sreith
do Triun Masan, ┐ an tres s. ¤ do Triun Mhór, 994.1 ( ALC i
30100.25 ). Ard Macha do loscadh na dí sreith ó chrois Cholaim
Chille co Crois Epscoip Eoghain, ┐ ó Chrois Eapscoip Eoghain
an dara sreith co Crois Dorais ratha, 1156.15 .
(f) In contexts ref. to grammar, literary compositions, his-
tory, etc.: i n-immfognam ┐ i ssreith legind gl. in lectione `in
35order of reading (in a connected text
?)', Sg. 30a12 . int immognam
imbí hi sreith rann `in a series of parts (of speech)', 95a2 . 213a9 .
s. ¤ immais (gs. of imbas) metr. alliteration of all words in the
line : s. ¤ immaiss, ut est: slatt sacc socc simend saland, IT iii
30.14 (see p. 121 ). Perh. in more general sense in follg.: trí
40labra ata ferr túa: ochán ríg do chath, s. ¤ immais, molad iar
lúag `spreading knowledge (?)', Triads 112 . rethaib sofis
srethaib imbais (glossed .i. s. ¤ imait sofis īar foghloim), Anecd.
v 26.3 . immas sóis co srethaib `sequence of verses' (Gloss.),
Met. Dinds. iii 288.47 . In name of a metre: sreatha deich,
45 IT iii 95 § 148 (cf. p. 128 - 9 ). i sreathaibh roscaigh ┐ fasaigh
┐ airchetail `series of proverb, commentary and poetic composi-
tion
', Auraic. 337 (cf. 2684 ). in tan is s. ¤ series (?), 3577 . Gilla
mo Dutu ro dluthaig in duain-sea, nucu s. ¤ sáeb, RC xlvii
315.4 . sretoibh sorann series of excellent stanzas, CS 62.5 .
50 sreath . . . rann | d'am[h]ruibh, Ériu ix 163 § 5 . sreath ghlan
do ghréas éagsamhail (a poem), Aithd. D. 46.12 . do ghéabham
dod ghnúis . . . | sreith mholta eulogy, 46.11 . sreath adhmho-
laidh, DDána 73.13 . am mebrach-sa . . . i sreathaib seanchasa
hErend series of events (?), traditions (?), Ériu iv 138.17 . ro-
55dosuidighiub-sa dúib sreith seanchusa . . . tellaich Temrach
`I shall establish for you the progression of the stories . . . of the
hearth of Tara
', 144.7 . ? buaid senchais srethaib airech fettar
aided cach oenfhir, YBL 125a44 . seanchas suairc sreath, BR
80.13 . diamhra sreath seanchais `series', Content. xxii 9 . iar
60sreith na súad (iar srethaib súad, v.l.) handed down by tradition
(a name), Met. Dinds. iv 190.14 . iar srethaib suadh `according
to the threads of sages
', Auraic. 553 . ní h-inchreti d'ánradaib
sretha saeb-fhorcetail na seandruad warriors should not believe
the . . . sayings of old druids
, MR 190.2 . sgotha séaghanda a
65sreath bhfis the fair blossoms of his abundant knowledge,
L. Cl. A. Buidhe 176.117 . ? as leór so do solbraib s. ¤ , Ériu iv
138.11 .
(g) Common in chevilles: s. ¤ cen tair, SR 4319 . ni sáeb in
t-ṡ., LL 374c53 . setaib s. ¤ , 136b12 ( PRIA 1882, 248.3 ). tolaib
70s. ¤ , SR 2711 . srethaib cland, TBC 2345 . srethaib droṅg, SR
7905 . srethaib ga, LL 19b5 . srethaib gal, Met. Dinds. iii
150.1 . srethaib iath, SR 2285 . srethaib slóg, 6431 . Note
also: conid fri súan senbath srethaib cerd adbchlosaib erred,
LU 10257 .
75(f) Various (cf. srath supra): sreith gl. pratum, Sg. 20a8 (see
note). in talam cona sreith trit. Alex. 873 v.l. (sraith, text).
gach ionad a d-tiocfaidh sreath no gearradh ó fhior ionuid an
riogh ar Mag E. `cess or cutting', Misc. Arch. Soc. i 190.14 . go
dtógbhann sreath is sobhadh, Measgra D. 26.67 (sraith, MS.).
80 sreith coinnmhedh ┐ ceitherna . . . do choscc `taxes', FM v
1686.2 . bá h-amlaidh ro siodhaighsiott gan sreith gan gerradh
gan daoírsi, 1770.16 . Cf. sreath do chomha ar cró nEachaidh
`the series (i.e. toll) of thy tributes', Aithd. D. 15.11(a) .
Note also: teora sreatha, TBC 2716 v.l. = teora inshrotha,
85text. gur berta gan anmain i bursan sreadh ara rabha, ZCP
viii 542.17 = co ro marb in n-ingin inna réid, TBC 1559 .
The follg. are obscure: conchar ic sreith riagla rig (as vn.?),
LL 33a39 . ba hé in sét serc ri sretha, | fuair cét recht is cét
bretha, 143b11 . Faelan .x. nir bho dhur | ger caemal ar sreith
in saer, BB 56a45 . atāit .iii. sreatha cutrumai cin fiacha .i.
5drumcla n-eich . . ., ZCP viii 103.27 . Mac Cosgraigh co
sreathaibh snáu `of beaming countenance', FM i 520.10 . Dāre
Doimthech dālis dig | fola for cach srith (: clith) (`stream'),
Fianaig. 30.14 . sāssad slán sorcha sretha, Ériu ii 66 § 13 .
conoiscet s. ¤ anmcaide, O'Dav. 470 . Perh. of the reins of a
10horse: im all .i. uilliti he in da sreith do bet air two reins (?),
Laws i 124.14 , 138.x Comm . óenach saidbir co srethaib, | co
saidlib, co srian-echaib, Met. Dinds. iii 14.159 .
Compds. (a) With nouns. ¤ bairdne name of a metre:
tighearnbhard . . . taebhchassadh ┐ sreathbairdni a dhileas,
15 IT iii 23.13 . s. dano, is fri toebcasad doberar í tomus ┐
tarmarcind, 13 § 26 . See p. 144 . ¤ blad widespread fame (?):
cethri h-Echdaig aidbli ág | fri srethblaid ┐ sográd, LL 146a9 .
¤ bruig extensive lands : co trethnaib iar s. súg, SR 6263 .
Dauid . . . | for s. Hierusalem, 6698 . ¤ buiden orderly com-
20pany : sret[h]buidne ordaigthe, CCath. 3466 . ? ¤ chelg:
Dairbre drech-derg mac Lulaig, | ba prap s. iar samain, Met.
Dinds. ii 46.14 . ¤ chircul: O Domhnaill . . . cona aireachaibh
. . . ina srethchiorcaill bodba `in a close circle', Hugh Roe
112.12 . ? ¤ chor: mo Dia tricc fri s. slamm, SR 5253 . ¤ eccor
25 arrangement in rows : ionar . . . co sreithegar gem, Buile S.
10.7 . ¤ etarnaid: ina srethettarnaidh seoilchelge arranged in
ambush
(of troops), Hugh Roe 226.5 . ¤ fhoirenn: ina sreth-
fornib . . . sar-laech `well-arranged lines', MR 222.20 . ¤ ga:
dar srethgaibh sealga `over the serried hunting-spears', CCath.
30 3609 . ¤ líne ordered line : sreth-linedha . . . ina mórtimcill . . .
do mairgreit (a crown), CCath. 5285 . ¤ molad gs. as attrib.
eulogistic (see II (f) supra): gruaidhe donna | dá ndéantar
dán saor sreathmholta, DDána 114.16 . ? ¤ ord: aisdibh ┐
ollamnaibh | ┐ rannaibh sreathordaibh, IT iii 90.9 . ¤ shlúag:
35 ar súi soi slonnaib srethshluag of arrayed hosts, SR 2692 .
ingin Sáuil srethshluagaib, 5918 .
(b) With adjj. ¤ áluind well-arranged (?): broghadha
sreath-āille, ML² 1071 . an clár . . . sreath-álainn (the earth),
ML 102.26 . ¤ barrgel: tar tonnaibh . . . sreath-bhárrgheala
40na srothán `over spreading white-crested currents', ML 46.32 .
¤ chaem ornamented (?): ic congbail na sangtairi sretcaime
co na fothaib, BB 241b45 . ¤ chaín = prec.: do thuluib
sgiath sreth-c[h]aín, ML² 1707 . ? ¤ chisse: atchíu a brat
ṅ[d]erg . . . s. sluind, LU 7393 . ar néim imdenam ór fri siric
45s., 7410 ( BDD 100 . `braided in rows (?)', BDD2 Gloss.).
¤ fhíar (term of contempt) with distorted features (?): a
brollach sneadach s., IT iii 99 § 165 ( Bruchst. i 28 § 62 ).
¤ gel with bright ripples (of water): lēibenda sreath-gela, ML²
662 . ¤ glan: cen usce s. snámach | iarnabarach bói Boind
50 without clearly-rippling water, Met. Dinds. iii 108.79 . tucsam
sochraiti srethghlain a Mumain, SG 321.21 . clár sreathghlan
seanDáire, DDána 70.8 . ¤ mas: Dūn dā Lethglass . . . |
súairc s. co saine `herrlich ausgebreitet', Bruchst. i 61 § 137 ( IT
iii 39 § 34 ).
55(c) With adjj. derived from nouns. ¤ buidnech: tresan
sraittslighidh (sic leg.) sreathbuidhnigh `crowded', Hugh Roe
20.5 . ? ¤ latanach: sruth bratha nach | sreathlatanach, IT
iii 98.5 . ¤ línmar: sos suaichnidh sreth-līnmar of many rows
(an encampment), ML² 1061 . ¤ lúbach: is . . . sreath-lúbach
60. . . a carn-fholt having curls in rows, Keat. Poems 67 .
(d) With verb. ¤ gonaid: an crádh ler sreathghonadh sinn
by which our ranks were slaughtered (?), L. Cl. A. Buidhe 140.43 .

srethach adj o, ā (sreth) lit. in series, in order, arranged, but exact
meaning often obscure. Of armies in ranks, arrayed: in drong
65soerdha s. ¤ `arrayed', Gorm. Sept. 6 . i d-tosach na sluagh
sreathach, MR 228.10 . a n-Espāin na slōgh sreathach, ML²
472 . Of clothes, weapons, etc. ornamented, studded with orna-
ment, fretted (?): cimas s. ¤ sirecda ar n-íchtur, LL 237b26 ( TTr.
1539 ). sciath sh. ¤ sechtfhillti fora chlíu, 241b34 ( TTr. 1856 ).
70 im srian .i. in taen s. ¤ , Laws i 138.35 Comm . fichi srian
sreathach sotal, BR 158.13 . Of persons: marb ingen ríg
Saxan s. ¤ súairc, LL 139b19 . Suirghe sreathach `wide-extended',
Leb. Gab. 276.5 . Féinius an saoi sreathach `eloquent', Keat.
ii 97 . Of music: lúth a mheór gcaol gcleathach | ar cheól
75tsreathach chaomh chruthach, Hackett xlvi 4 . Various:
mothach sliab sreathach | sreathach lond lindmar, BB 40b20 .
Cf. mothach mothach sliab srathach srathach caill, LL 13b7
= mothach sliabh sreathach | srethach coill ciothoch, Leb.
Gab. 256.16 . amal serrcho a met mothach be sét sret[h]ach,
80 Anecd. i 53 § 20 . dar snim sretach sangleuir suail | do sil
Echdach Domleuin dein, BB 45a13 .

srethad u m. vn. of srethaid. (a) act of spreading out, dispers-
ing; arraying, disposing : slige fri s. ¤ soergrád, SR 614 . fri s. ¤
slóg, 2443 . cóiced n-Echach rodál dó, | ba s. ¤ sám co sáer-gnó
85`it was a concourse peaceful', Met. Dinds. iii 270.18 . ? rígan
. . . | diarb ainm serb, re sreathadh sith, | Medb, 366.11 v.l.
(rosrethad, text). iar na srethud ┐ scailiud . . . fo crichaib . . .
na hEtali, LB 227b21 . s. ¤ fairne `arranging a troop' (sretha,
v.l.), RC xxvi 24 § 73 . do medar lochta na sealga aca sreathad
'na timchell `ranking', TTebe 644 . do thimsugad luirech . . .
5ar n-a s. ¤ ┐ ar n-a sluaig-diglaim do gleire gaithlennach `ar-
ranged and selected
', MR 224.9 . ag sreathadh con ar chionn
sealg, LBranach 4230 .
(b) act of imposing, levying (a tax, etc.): dob eiccin an cin
do srethadh ar shaccartoibh ┐ ar cheilibh Dé an baile, ZCP
10 x 8 n. 8 .