Print Edition

A B C D1 D2 E F G H I L M N O P R S T U

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434


sruith adj i I As adj. old, senior, venerable, to be revered, honoured,
esteemed . Usually of persons: epscop Sanctān Sanctán (sic
leg.?) s. ¤ , Hy. vi 21 ( Thes. ii 353 ). farácaib epscop C. and ┐ aes
40s. ¤ día muintir . . . ┐ martra sruithi tucc leis tar muir, Trip.²
2115 . cen imcomet aesa s. ¤ `persons of dignity', Laws iii 510.2 .
ciato chomshruithi `although they are both venerable' (Gloss.),
Críth Gabl. 493 . Sáríal s. ¤ , KMMisc. 254.13 . cleireach s. ¤ sen,
Anecd. i 70 § 172 . ar gach senōir s. ¤ , Arch. iii 232.11 . robdar
45saera robdur sruithi, Ériu vii 242.5 . epscop Hērenn ┐ sacart, |
sruithe sāmtait, Arch. iii 303 § 13 . a Rí sh. ¤ , Dán Dé xxix 31 .
Other applications: is s. ¤ ind airm indid epiur `venerable is the
place
', Wb. 4b26 . fēil s. ¤ a principal feast-day, Mon. Tall. 22
(135.1) . in litha sruthi `high festivals', Rule of Tall. 74 § 39 .
50 ba cáid, ba s. ¤ . . . a lá-sa (of Sunday), Ériu ii 196 § 14 . foracaib
Patraic reilgi sruithiu i lLecain Midi venerable relics, Trip.²
893 . ? na saire sruithe, Laws i 12.17 . is ferr síd sochocad s. ¤ ,
Ériu ix 47 § 18 .
Compar. sruithiu gl. antiquior, Ml. 59d5 . nimbói ní bed
55sruithiu dara dochtaised `He had nothing nobler to swear by',
78a4 . ni longe co longe céle dé remut nó fer fas (= bas)
sruithiu, Thes. ii 258.32 . cía de as sru[i]thiu, in ríi fa thúath?
Críth Gabl. 492 . triar . . . nad ailet fuillem a n-airm . . . are
(= air is) sruithiu di-suidib a ngobol-lorgga olldate a n-airm
60`are more valuable to them', Laws v 420.10 . cenn caich iar
nduinib . . . besid sruithe, besid nuaisliu who is greater in
dignity than he
, ii 278.22 .i. i naicniud, 280.12 Comm . ar
isruithe beo bethu tortha `for saved provisions are more pre-
cious than growing grass
', iv 78.5 .i. ar is uaisle, etc., z Comm .
65 sruithe daon diobhadh, 246.14 .i. is uaisle, etc., 20 Comm . cid
arfaoma . . . cobsen neich bess siniu nó bess sruithe indas,
Mon. Tall. 79 (160.17) . fobith isuidiu (leg. is sruithiu, Edd.)
rombói M. quam S. ¤ , 61 (150.9) . ni ro-genir mac mna . . . is
[s]ruthi oltas Eoin, PH 884 . Superl.: co lan log einech bes
70sruithem (text?), Laws ii 404.18 (see St. in E.Ir. Law 72 f . ).
do neoch ba sruitheam . . . ina churad of the most senior of the
warriors
, TBC² 490 = ba sruthem . . . inna caurad, LU 4979 .
in tan ba sruithem ┐ ba fír-aesta he, LB 123b2 = BB 244a15 .
sruit[h]em aicdi `most venerable of structures' (name of Ogam
75letter oir), Auraic. 5602 . conidh arai as [s]ruitheamh cach
mur in mur sin, BB 349a25 . is ed . . . is sruitium bioas fort
mes (of food), RC xii 64 § 29 . idhedh . . . ailm . . . is sruithe
. . . in dedi sin (the vowels a and i, which respectively begin
and end the vowel series), Auraic. 2798 . in t-inad ba sruithiu
80. . . las in rig `deemed most commodious', MR 4.14 .
Adv. co soinmhech co s. ¤ , LL 386b43 .
II As subst. m. elder, ancestor, reverend person, sage , etc. In
Ml. of the fathers of the Old Testament: inna sruithe .i. Moab
┐ Ammon ┐ Essau gl. maiorum `of the ancestors', Ml. 26b16 . 44b35 .
85 sruthi na fetarlaice .i. Abraam ┐ Isac `elders', 31d11 . inna
sruithe gl. patrum, 44b34 . indate mu sruthi `than my ancestors',
88d1 . a sruthe gl. maiorum suorum, 119b11 . ar srutheni,
122d3 . di ar sruithib, 125a13 . lasna sruithi gl. cum maioribus,
128d5 . inna sruthe gl. ueterum, 133c3 . in s. ¤ sean Pol, Fél.
Prol. 97 n . togairm Semeoin srotha `of S. the sage', Jan. 5 .
5 cóemaite ar srotha, Aug. 24 . rom-shnáidet mo shruithi `may
my elders protect me
', Ep. 47 . da bairghin for mes srotha `two
loaves on the dish
(?) of the master (the sick man) (?)', Ériu xii
22 § 27 (BCrólige, see notes). im trefet tigi srotha `of a chief's
house
', Laws i 126.6 . ? ara naisc finnsruth (-sruith?) findtigha, iv 38.10
10 .i. is e in s. ¤ taitnemach bis, 40.3 Comm . finnsruth
fine .i. . . . sruth taithnemach na fine, v 442.6 Comm . Cf. s. ¤
fer finntiu `noble is the tribe-land', v 462.1 . C. . . . abatissa
tighe sruithe Cille daro abbess of the house of the seniors, AU i
278.9 . T. abbas sruithe Cluana, 298.10 . ? cotombertsa brú
15sóer | s. ¤ dim chlaind comceneoil, LU 8281 ( FB 22 ). misse
Fintan Find mac Bochra . . . am s. ¤ uasal hÉrend, LL 4b25 .
i[s] s. ¤ dún a saintly man approaches, Irish Texts i 34.29 . am
sruit[h] do Dia mar, ol C., iv 17.24 . étiud bān bēsaib srotha
`after the fashion of an elder', Ériu ii 66 § 13 . sruthi ┐ senoire
20noema, PH 2 . sruthi na petarlaicthi .i. Abram ┐ Isác ┐ Iacop,
7871 . sruithi ┐ seanatoraigh na cathrach elders and senators,
CCath. 771 . a mo sh. ¤ reverend sir, Lism. L. 2022 . do choimh-
thionól sruitheadh, Ériu v 92.6 . éanghrádh sruitheadh is
seannaomh, Aithd. D. 75.44 . s. ¤ .i. eagnaid, Lec. Gl. 317 , cf.
25 M 129 .
Compds. ¤ athair: sruith athir gl. patronus, Sg. 12b3 . ¤
ecna: senior sruith-ecna (sic leg.) an old man venerable in
wisdom
, BCC 392.16 . ¤ máthair matron: i n-araili sruth-
mathair soicheneoil isin Roim, CCath. 1059 . ? ¤ recht: soirche
30sruithreacht `licht war das Gesetz des Alten', Snedg. u. MacR.
11 § 37 . ¤ shenóir: gabaid in sruithsenoir (sic leg.) noem oc
a forcetul, PH 245 .

sruithe n iā,f. (sruith) age, state of being venerable, dignity : cech
caiptel co s. ¤ , Fél. Prol. 299 v.l. sab s. ¤ `mighty in wisdom',
35 July 1 . Ep. 272 . coch be a s. ¤ `however aged they may be', Mon.
Tall. 64 (152.31) . céim co sruithi sech ríga `with dignity', Ériu
ii 64 § 5 . ata dia sruthi ┐ dia huaisli na hesergi coimdeta, PH
3424 . s. ¤ Hérenn Bendchor `the seniority' (glossed .i. naom-
thacht tre naomaibh, nó foghluim sruth .i. saoi-rath), Triads 5 .
40 is tobach aile teit forra ar a s. ¤ `there is a levying of two days
upon them on account of their quality
' (of míla endga `clean
animals
'), Laws i 146.18 Comm . dofet s. ¤ sruithiug[ad] .i. . . .
anas ord sruthe do gabail do laim esruithe d'iaraidh, O'C.
1875 ( 23 P 3, 21(23)a ). ar a s. ¤ sobartan in athur `dignity',
45 Laws iii 64.8 Comm . immatt sruithi ┐ sobhartan, BNnÉ
14 § 15 .

sruithecda adj io, iā (sruith) venerable: senoir salmach sruit[h]-
ecdha, RC xiv 58 § 71 .

? sruithem ind(cf. sruith): airecht fodesin . . . naiscaire nodonaisc,
50s. ¤ nodoseirn, traeta nodotraeta, ZCP xii 360.7 .

sruithenda adj= sruithecda: cach riagail iar comairle, Laws iii
36.3 . .i. cach riagail s. ¤ im aen airbeir bith o noin do noin
`every religious rule' ( venerated? traditional?), 16 Comm .

sruitheta x= sruithecda: I. seanorda s. ¤ , TTebe 711 . nir ba
55sruitheada a n-aideada re hE., 3167 . sacart sruitheata dona
Muisib, 3196 .

sruithigecht n ā,f. (sruith) seniority: cendus ┐ sruithighecht ┐
comarbus an baili sin, Lism. L. 308.x .

? sruithiugad n(sruith) act of making wise, instructing : dofet
60sruithe sruithiug[ad] .i. . . . anas ord sruthe do gabail do laim
esruithe d'iaraidh, O'C. 1875 ( 23 P 3, 21 (23)a ).

sruithred: n tinólsat dáil . . . | s. ¤ slóig mac n-Israhél, SR 6614 ,
`collection of streams' (sruth), Gloss. `collection of venerables'
(sruith), Hogan, Todd Lect. iv 139 .

65 srúm xsee srúb.

sruth n u m. (? orig. n. Cf. s. ¤ n-ard n-Eofraite, BB 7a4 , s. ¤ n-Ior-
danen, PH 6381 . ZCP viii 106.14 ). m., IGT Decl. § 72 . In
later lang. g pl. also srothann.
(a) stream, river, current, torrent : s. ¤ .i. srūaim etha .i. imat
70ēisc inte, Corm. Y 1179 . s. ¤ gl. flumen, Ir. Gl. 999 . dint s. ¤
buadarthu gl. de turbulento riuo, Ml. 2b3 . sech cach s. ¤ , 93b10 .
ind rodéne int srotho gl. torrentum, 93b11 . fo bés srotha
luaith, Wb. 32c16 . luath-foibirt cacha srotha, Laws v 482.24 .
dolotar in aithchi sin co alali sruth, Irish Texts i 13.z . srotha
75téith millsi tar tír, Ériu xii 180.27 . tosoifet fria sruthu sruth-
linne `stream-pools will turn against streams', RC xxvi 48 § 256 .
con tescfad finna i n-agid srotha, TBC 2578 . ra s. ¤ ra indiltea
(the gae bulga), 3873 . do nige a chneda . . . i n-agthib na
srotha sain ┐ na ṅ-aband, 4210 . srotha gainmhidhe guirt
80Floinn, L. Cl. A. Buidhe 144.159 . do sguirfeadh s. ¤ locha láin
would stop the current of a full lake (of God), Dán Dé xxvii 28 .
siansan . . . na sruthann, St. Ercuil 785 . do glaisibh ┐ mhion-
shrothaib, FM ii 888.18 . s. ¤ ag tuilíugadh, Prov. xviii 4 . In
cheville: s. ¤ na sreith, SR 7047 . Prov. suidhe fan s. ¤ `a sitting
85'neath the cataract
' (a dangerous undertaking), Dán Dé xxix 19 .
(b) pnOf specific rivers: di anmmaim ind shrotho gl. Anienus,
Sg. 35b7 . ocond shruth sin gl. ab Histro, 194a1 . s. ¤ Ligir, Lat.
Lives 92.11 . i s. ¤ Tigir, MacCarthy 64.5 . lar srotha iordanein
the Jordan, Tur. 65 . i ndíthrub srotha Íordanén, PH 4731 .
co s. ¤ Ordanén, Études Celt. i 85.7 . Hence: in Sruth the Jordan:
5 oc tudecht on tS. ¤ ┐ on Ierasolim, Ann. Conn. 1224.12 . U. . . .
do ecc i n-oilithri ar sligid an tSrotha `on the journey to the
Jordan
', 1231.16 ( FM iii 258.x ). Of Irish rivers: s. ¤ Segsa
súairc, Ériu iv 152 § 33 . torchar srotha Sligighe, TD 41.11 .
fuarsh. ¤ Finne, DDána 95.12 . See Hog. Onom.
10(c) Of the sea current, stream, strait : log saethair, mad o
srothaib, Laws iii 426.x .i. mad o srothaib in mara amuich do
bera he, y Comm . tochur srotha saile sceo uisce `a thing cast
up by a salt and fresh stream
', iii 428.14 Comm . ? rí báiter for
srothuib, i 204.21 Comm . tar s. ¤ mara, RC xxiv 378.3 . i
15ndoimne na mara mur a mbī . . . coimrith na srothann where
the currents meet
, RSláinte 6215 . a n-aighthib tonn ┐ s. ¤ , ML²
658 . tugadur sruthleim . . . tri srothaib na senfhairrgi, ZCP vi
51.17 . baí sidhe ┐ a longa ar s. ¤ na h-innsi `on the sound near
the island
', FM iii 278.5 . ar s. ¤ na Maoile idir Eirinn ┐ Albain,
20 Atlantis iv 122.13 .
(d) In idioms with prepp.: Drochet Atha do dhu re s. ¤ `was
carried away by the flood
', ALC i 260.7 . gach ar thacraisse red
ré | cuirfidsen go léir le s. ¤ will dissipate, O'Gr. Cat. 590.30 . ná
leig (?) uile sinn re s. ¤ do not allow us all to be swept away, Dán
25Dé xxii 11 .
(e) With follg. gen.: co findsrothaib aircetail fair streams
of poesy
, O'Mulc. 600 . i srothaibh . . . briomstóin nó raibhe,
TSh. 1981 . s. ¤ .i. imad, ut est be sues s. ¤ coctha for cula onset
of battle
(?), O'Dav. 1416 = bé sues srotha coctha for cúlu,
30 536 . croo dosnegat srotha, AU 779 cited Ó Máille, Lang. of
AU 32 n. 2 , `streams of blood wash(?) them', 175 n. 6 . Cf. co
mbātar na srotha din chrú forna doirsiu, Sc.M² 18 . a s. ¤ der
dar a gruadib, PD 398 . srotha . . . déar, TSh. 4026 . tobur na
cetri s. ¤ : idon, s. ¤ fína ┐ s. ¤ olai ┐ s. ¤ lemnachta ┐ s. ¤ mela, MacCarthy
35 46.19 . d'éis séimhthechta a srothann bhfis streams of
knowledge
, L. Cl. A. Buidhe 175.95 . mar s. ¤ bhinn fhoghar
n-orgáin, Keat. Poems 248 . co toltnadar (leg. tultadar) na tri
srotha folae asind laim `three streams of blood flowed from her
hand
', Mon. Tall. 60 (149.20) . srotha fola, LU 2282 ( FA 33 ).
40 fir srotha imgabala comfiach fri art acht cimid crodha do
collaib diceandaighther .i. in fer ima mbí s. ¤ fola im gabhla a
glac, O'Don. 769 ( H. 3.17, 551 ). Cf. Irish Texts iv 16 § 11 .
turn ar Mhoire a mhóid | croidhe na gcóig s. ¤ `allay for Mary's
sake the rage of the hearts of the five streams
', PBocht 5.24 . s. ¤
45ionnalta na n-anam, 15.14 . s. ¤ fola in tota Ibernia `a flux of
blood
', RC xvii 262.18 (Tig.). do chuirfeadh fearg air Dhia, ┐
do choisgfeadh s. ¤ a ghrás, Donl. 472.y . co srothaib nemi, IT
i 191.14 . s. ¤ robharta flood-stream (fig. of a chief), Irish Texts
ii 10 § 33 . ré bruach bhar srotha seanma, Studies 1919, 612
50§ 5 . tuile . . . tromgradha ┐ s. ¤ seirce, ZCP i 124.32 . gach s. ¤
sleibhe mountain stream, Irish Texts ii 71.21 . s. ¤ sulbaire ind
labartha `a stream of eloquence of speaking', Ml. 89d3 . srotha
tened, PH 7235 . Cf. s. ¤ tentide co forlasair fair, LU 2092
( FA 16 ).
55(f) Literary applications: foglaim na dechmaide bliadna . . .
cethri srotha déc types of composition, IT iii 54 § 99 , cf. § 101 .
See p. 110 , 118 , and ZCP vi 4 . ceithri srotha déc inso sís .i.
féle ┐ inracus, comgne ┐ genelach, immas ┐ dichetal . . ., IT
iii 57.z . s. ¤ di aill a poetic grade (subdivision of sóerbard):
60 citn-e a nanmand na soerbard? . . . rigbard ┐ anruth bairdne
┐ s. ¤ di aill . . ., IT iii 5.9 . see 107.x . s. ¤ d'aill . . . is cassbairdni a
ruidhles, 23.11 . Name of a metre in: cro cumaisc etir carn-
randaigecht moir ┐ s. ¤ dí aill, 81.19 . gne naill do eochraid .i.
s. ¤ de haill, 57.23 . Note also: sé na rómh-oide is na sh. ¤ | córaide
65gan é d'ionnlach (of a poet), Content. xxii 14 . See also sruth-
bard under compds.
Compds. (a) With nouns. ¤ aba: sruth-aibne siltecha, MR
240.15 . ¤ aicén streaming ocean : co fada síar isin sruthaigén,
Acall. 6067 v.l. ¤ aile a fence built across a stream (?): s. (sic
70leg.) `a stream-fence', Laws v 270.14 .i. donither isin s. .i. scara
s., 24 Comm . ¤ bard a poetic grade (subdivision of dóerbard):
it é anmand na ndóerbard .i. culbard ┐ srutbard (srubard,
v.l.) . . ., IT iii 5.y . claigneach edluith fri srubard, 23.2 . do
cumrecht bard . . . salbard . . . srubard .i. gandbard .i. is gand
75a dligud, O'C. 239 ( H. 3.18, 133 - 4 ). ¤ buinne torrent: lé
sruthbhuinne . . . na haithrighe, TSh. 4109 . ¤ fhairrge: srón
re s. `nose to the main' (of Carraig Alastair), Buile S. 96.12 .
¤ léccad (léiciud), ¤ léicen lit. a letting loose, releasing, usually
of warriors, soldiers, etc., foray, sortie, attack, attacking band:
80 in tan atconnairc in sruthleccad sloigh . . . dar let[h]bord in
longpuirt `streaming-down', CCath. 5431 . sruit[h]leccadh da
saigdeoraib, 5707 . go ro dhoirt sruithlégen slóigh . . . ar fud
an bhaile `very numerous hosts', FM v 1598.22 . sruithlégadh
saighdiuiridhe `a body of infantry', vi 2034.24 . Cf. daronsad
85sruthlecud da n-eachaib ┐ comliṅg da coisidib `free course',
TTebe 1811 . Of a shower of missiles: sruthlega dá saigdib
`storms of darts', Caithr. Thoirdh. 52.4 . ¤ léim swift jump :
sruithléim sanntach . . . sár-loinge ré siosga na sianghaoithe,
CRR² 104.6 . tugadur sruthleim . . . tri srothaib na senfhairrgi
`a swift course', ZCP vi 51.16 . ¤ linn eddying pool, pool in a
5stream, river stream
. Of the Flood: ri tharlaic sruthlind
snamaig | do dilgenn clainni Adaim, SR 2513 . dar sruthlind
Mági, MU² 267 . ra-imrá dar na sruthlintib srubglassa (of the
sea), LL 228a21 ( TTr. 808 ). sruith-lind sin cen bás co bráth |
snás dar Lifi, Met. Dinds. ii 68.29 . triall tar sruthlinn dúni
10ndán across the sea (?), DDána 93.39 . a sruthlinntibh . . . cró,
Comp. Con C. 96.17 . ¤ maidm rout: sraintear sruthmhaidhm
dia mhuintir ina chenn, FM iii 130.10 . ro bris díbh . . . sruth-
maidhm . . . dochum srotha ro buí ara n-incaibh, St. Ercuil
615 . romuid s. siublach . . . forro, ZCP xiii 238.14 . ¤ robarta
15 flood, tide : tar sruth-rabhartaibh . . . na fuar-fhairrge, ML 46.y .
¤ shlicht: sruth sleacht .i. lorg na srothann, O'Cl.
(b) With adjj. ¤ ard high-streaming : tar shléibhtibh sruth-
árda . . . na sál, ML 46.29 . ¤ bán fair-streamed: a bhreac
Seinline sruthbháin, L. Cl. A. Buidhe 151.32 . ¤ borb torren-
20tial: Eass . . . s. . . . Ruaidh, MR 104.14 . lēibenda . . . sruth-
borba, ML² 662 . ¤ glan limpid: guss in sreibh sruth-glain,
MR 104.9 . ¤ glas grey-streamed: srotha . . . sruthglasa ifirnd,
TTebe 1659 . ¤ glinn: tar srúaim setalbalc s. `clear streaming',
Met. Dinds. ii 30.64 . ¤ lúaimnech torrential: sidhe saidemail
25sārlúath s., Fianaig. 88.24 . srotha . . . sruthluaimnecha, St.
Ercuil 778 . tucsud sraccudh sanntach, . . . sruthluaimnech
isin senfhairrgi `pulled a . . . swift-bounding stroke', ZCP vi
28.35 . ¤ shaeb eddying: dar sál fairge sruth-sóeba, Met.
Dinds. ii 28.22 .
30(c) With adjj. derived from nouns. ¤ fhuiltech bleeding
profusely : fuinneóga . . . sruth-fhuilteacha (of wounds), ML
88.4 . ¤ lúthmar vigorous, swift : céd each srian-breac s.,
Ériu viii 139.16 . ¤ maerda having stately streams: clár sroth-
mhaordha na sreabh nglan, TD 27.13 . ¤ mheirgech eroded,
35 gullied (?): ar an dtulán sruithmheirgeach sléibhe so, DDána
111.24 (383.36) (sithmheirgeach, v.l.).