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subáilc(h)e n f.Late form of súalaig, q.v. (a) virtue (in moral
55sense): subhailce, Eg. Gl. 565 . óir foirbhtighit na subailce
(soailce, saoilche, v.ll.) 'sna heslanaib, BNnÉ 219.14 . fa mhór
a shubailcedha ┐ a naomthacht, SG 12.8 . ar dhiadhacht . . .
ar stāt saoghalta co n-a uile subhāilcip archena cenmothā sin,
Fl. Earls 186.2 . go mbeanann an diabhal gach subháilce . . .
60don anam, TSh. 1430 . na subháilce ┐ na soibhéasa, 1468 .
treabh . . . branar samhraidh na subháilceadh, 6938 . ga
mhéid subhailce ann? Parrth. Anma 223.7 . na subáilce cair-
dionalta the cardinal virtues, 224.7 ( Luc. Fid. 143.5 ). na
subailce diadha the theological virtues (i.e. faith, hope, charity),
65 223.11 ( Luc. Fid. 142.13 ). do na subháilcighibh bunadhusacha
(cairdionálta), Donl. 198.2 . an tshubhailce as úaisle (i.e. an
grádh), Parrth. Anma 138.3 ( Luc. Fid. 84.8 ). maith do
dhéunamh .i. na subhailce, 222.16 . atáid subháilcighe ag
oibreabhadh ann, Matth. xiv 2 . Note also: ar son . . . com-
70báidh | nach ceanglann subhailce sluagh | acht le gaol fola
honourable behaviour, Keat. Poems 1330 .
(b) virtue, power, efficacy, property : ceiltior subháilce Séiréis
the influence of Ceres (i.e. the planet) is nullified, L. Cl. A.
Buidhe 144.150 (on the death of a chief). atat mórán do
75tsubhailchib aile aici (of whitethorn used as an amulet),
Maund. 15 . atátt subáilchi imdha aigci (of a tree), 55 . is do
mh[oladh] subhailchi na hurnaighthi adubairt se so (i.e. petite
et dabitur uobis), Smaointe B. Chr. 2178 . ardughadh i n-a
shubhailchi fein by his own power (of the Ascension), 5854 .
80 laipeōram . . . ar shupāilcib Loreta miracles, Fl. Earls 110.14 .
? Cf. do rēir mar thaispēnus Dia dia supāilcip dhó `as God in
His goodness reveals it to him
', 182.5 .
(c) Used vaguely in sense of joy, pleasure, happiness;
honour, kindness , etc. (cf. subae): cantic na subhailce re
85n-abarthar Magnificat jucunditas et laus, Smaointe B. Chr.
419 . in tegh . . . i n-a nderna supāilque ┐ conuersāit re n-a
desciblaib, Fl. Earls 152.14 . tabhairse cuidiughadh chum
subháilce dhúinn help me to be merry, Maguires of F. 56.10 .
inatt ína fuil cach uile shubháilchi ┐ cach uile thorad (of
Paradise), Maund. 115 . comhscaoílter uile ordanāss in baile
5mar onórachus ┐ mar shupailcibh a ttoigeachtæ to honour and
celebrate his arrival
, Fl. Earls 40.24 . taissealbhuiss a shupail-
che co n-a dheig-inntinn dōip `he showed them kindness and
sympathy
', 40.25 . onōrachus ┐ supāilce mór, 100.19 . comh-
chruinniugadh ar in magh . . . go subāilcip ┐ go sollamantus
10adbal-mór `for a festival and great ceremony', 114.14 . a mac
samhla sin d'onōir ┐ do supāilcibh, 188.29 . a idhbairt . . . n-a
seruís ┐ i n-a subhāilcip `in her honour', 192.23 .
(d) Of a rank of angels: a uile aingil ┐ tsubhailchi (Virtutes),
Smaointe B. Chr. 5613 .

15 subalta xsee under subaltaige.

subaltach adj o, ā (by-form of súaltach, q.v.) (a) virtuous: beith
subhaltach fechsanach eglach anórach, ITS xxix 201.11 .
(b) cheerful, pleasant, kindly (cf. subae): do bir in croidhi s. ¤
= cor dat tibi letum, Reg. San. col. xxvi . fear subhaltach,
20suairc `a cheerful, excellent man', AU iii 108.7 . don maighdin
bhic . . . subaltaigh, Smaointe B. Chr. 566 . a n-a Macamh
shubhaltach aluinn glorda (= serenus? Gloss.), 4869 . frea-
gurtha subhaltacha = jucundus, 5028 . do briathraibh subal-
tacha, Fier. 139 . a corp aingidh nemh-shubhaltach an
25phecaigh miserable, Smaointe B. Chr. 3847 .

subaltaige n[iā,f.] (by-form of súaltaige, q.v.). Also subalta.
(a) virtue (in moral sense): o neichib . . . dodenta d'imchor,
dogeibther an tsubaltaidhe ro-ard, BCC 386 (430.30) . lán . . .
da gach uile th-subhaltaigi (sic leg.) aircheana, AU iii 576.3 .
30 a Dhe ar slanaighteóir na subhaltaighe = Deus salutaris
noster, BNnÉ 70 § 119 . ni subhaltaigi ┐ ni firindi crabaidh iat
(of actions), ITS xxix 204.8 . subaltai maithi do cur a n-
aghaidh na locht, ITS xix 20.14 v.l. (subhalchai, text). beith
marthanach an ar subaltaibh, 20.x v.l. (subhalchaibh, text).
35 ar deallrad ┐ ar subaltaibh, ar crodacht ┐ ar ecna, 112.5
(subaltai, subaltaigh, v.ll.).
(b) virtue, power; miracle : subaltaighi labartha = uirtus
loquendi, Laud 610, 24b14 . 'sa lebur do scrib se fen ar subhál-
taidhibh C.C., BCC 243 (246.30) . na tindluicthe ┐ na subál-
40tidhe . . . tuc Día da serbfhogantaidh fen, 377 (426.29) . Cf.
ag innisin admolta in tighearna ┐ na subalta ┐ na mirbuiledh
do rinne se, ITS xix 4.25 (subalche, text). Note also: Leim
na Subhaltaighe = Saltus uirtutum Brendani = Clúain Ferta
Brenainn, BNnÉ 49.1 (see BNnÉ ii 375 ).
45(c) joy, pleasure, gladness (cf. subae): gloir ┐ subaltaiged na
catrach neamda, Ériu xi 178.25 . dob oirchisi duit si subhal-
taighe do denamh ina tursi `to rejoice', BNnÉ 49 § 28 . do gab
gengairi ┐ s. ¤ mor é . . . do fhiarfaig B. adbhar a s. ¤ , BCC 98
(94.22) . ag denamh suphaltaighi `cheering up' (of certain
50remedies), O'Gr. Cat. 277.20 .

subamail adj i (sub) lit. berry-like: súili subamla protruding eyes,
Caithr. Thoirdh. 104.16 .

subat(h)ar vdepon. pres. rel. (subae): is ed a tír subathar |
menmain cáich do-d-imchela `erfreut', ZCP xvii 201.1
55= subatar, LU 10050 . Cf. subaigidir, suibestar.

subdeochain xsee suibdeochain.

subdoire xsee sútaire.

? subeo ind(2 so+béo?): s. ¤ .i. suaibsech (in gloss on subaich), Fél.²
lxxi Apr. 10 .

60 subespog n m.(Lat. sub+epscop) bishop: eitir ardeaspoig ┐
subespoig, Fl. Earls 190.8 .

subeth nMed. loan-word (see Rosa Ang. Gloss.) lethargy, coma :
a neasgoid re nabar litairgia no s. ¤ no codladh rotrom, 23 P 10³,
26a38 . teid si . . . uair ele cum s. ¤ , Rosa Ang. 26.19 . is e an
65codladh leth amuigh do naduir amail ata subethi ┐ a cosmaili,
RC xlix 49.17 .

substaint n f.(Lat. substantia) Also sustaint. (a) substance, bulk,
material : neach san ló as líonmhaire caint | ní dó as shíor-
ghoire s. ¤ `solid sense', Content. xxiii 10 . is iatt as betha damh
70gan s. ¤ bídh ele, BNnÉ 70 § 115 . ní roibi do shupstaint digi
aca . . . acht cōic galūin beōra `all the drink they had was', Fl.
Earls 16.1 . uair is trom dleghait na cuirp beith do reir sub-
staínti, D iv 2, 40vb20 . ? na bit én raod da s. ¤ and, Reg. San.
col. xxiii . sustaint . . . na nae, O'Don. Gr. 341 (from med.
75MS.). do sh. ¤ féin nó do mhaoin shaoghalta wealth, TSh.
7138 .
(b) essence, essential nature : gorab iat caili na ndul tuicter
. . . ┐ nach iat a sustainnte, Ir. Astr. Tr. 18.25 . muna bedh
an grian na sustaint fein te, 70.16 . nach beith uisge ná
80sneachta . . . do réir a substainte féin, i n-ifreann, TSh. 6233 .
bídh . . . ag gach créatúir eile nádúir ┐ subsdaint . . . as é as
subsdaint ┐ nádúir don duine bheith 'na ainmhidhe résúnta,
Mac Aingil 247.14 - 17 . einndiadhacht, éuntsubsdaint ┐
éunnádúir ata ionnta (the Trinity), Parrth. Anma 60.11 . a
85timcheall shubstainti na trī persan, ZCP xiii 181.1 . dío-
thomhais . . . 'na shubsttaint spioraddha (God), Desid. 6194 .
s. ¤ an aifrinn amháin, TSh. 4519 . premha ┐ s. ¤ na diadhachta,
ITS xxix 109.18 .