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santaige n iā,f. (santach) covetousness, greed, eagerness : santaidhe
i fFrangcaibh, MS. Mat. 581.3 . is uime adubairt an deamhan
85.i. ara shanntaighi, O'C. 1441 ( H. 3.18, 644a ). ? cen brath
ne[i]ch, cen thsuntaige (thsuantaige , MS.), Arch. iii 320 § 92 .
As gramm. abstract of santach: ro buaidhred na linnti leo . . .
lé sanntaighi ro cingset [do]cum na sruth so eagerly did they
go
, CCath. 2572 .

santaigid v(sant) Usually with -nn-. Occas. also sainntigid
5 desires, is eager for; covets, lusts after: airm i sánntaigfiter bás
(i.e. hell), PH 3639 . sanntaiged . . . in rig . . . in fírinde,
imgabad in anfhirinde, 4254 . na sanntaig ni do chomarsan,
7711 . in lucht shanntaigit in saegul, 7739 . folamustar (.i. ro
sandtaigestar) . . . P. congbal (.i. eclais) oc Ath M., Arch. iii
1020.1 . gē dosanntaig bhetha[id] mbī, ZCP vii 304.2 . ní ar
domhan ní shanntuigheann, DDána 120.5 . ná sanntaigh bean
do chomharsan, TSh. 7227 . don druing do shainnteóchadh
iad, 8307 .
With vn. constructions: co n-id áil leis cech maith do
15dénam, ┐ co sánntaid (for -aige?) adrad in choimded, PH
7095 . noshanntaiged . . . Mártain asa naidendacht fógnam do
Dia, Lat. Lives 87 . re haghaidh gach aoin . . . do shainteochadh
m'fhoghail, DDána 111.18 prose ( 382.8 ). sanntaigis S. in
imguin re Ailell `coveted to contend with A.', MR 244.5 . ni
20fhacca sisi fersgál nar shanntaigh do choimhriachtain fría,
Études Celt. i 79.19 . go sanntuighe na flaithis . . . | féachain
ar Éirinn may heaven vouchsafe to look, Hackett xl 43 . a
bráithriu . . . santaigid in dearc do dénam, PH 5927 . do
shanntaigh é féin do dhíogailt, ML 28.16 . do shanntúigheadar
25an naomh . . . do marbadh, ZCP ii 554.17 . With follg. clause:
sanntaiged tra co nu-s-techtad trocaire la fírinde, PH 4123 .
ar a mét ro-shanntaig co fhessad ruine ┐ derrite De (Solomon),
6192 .
Vn. san(n)tugad: sanntugud sēd, ZCP viii 210.2 . oc sánn-
30tugud indmais in tshaegail, PH 8216 . atait agar sanntug[udh]
co sircalma anosa are seeking to attack us, ZCP vi 70.32 . lucht
. . . santaighthe coda a gcómhursan, iv 400.13 . is i in gloine
sin is coir duin do sanntachadh co mor, Smaointe B. Chr.
1325 . ar na shanntughadh dho Phól dhul asdteach, Acts xix 30 .
35

? sapairt n(B. na f.): s. ¤ ondar deo ar m'eol, | nī rindond (.i. nī
tuigenn) aroe (.i. rí) alcha bár (.i. bésa sūadh), ZCP v 485 § 2 .
Perh. a formation from Lat. sapere; intelligence, knowledge ?

saphir xsee safir.

40 sappait xsee sabbait.

1 sar xsee .

2 sar n o,m. a louse : sor, sar m., IGT Decl. § 69 . dearlagadh
dúadh | dubh óg na s. ¤ | nár chóir do chur | gusan mbróin mban
(of a dead pig), Ir. Texts i 30 § 41 (sor, v.l.). sor, O'R.

45 3 sar n(Eng. loan-word) Sir (in titles): S. ¤ Artuir Sitsetar, Fl.
Earls 60.4 .

1 sár n m., IGT Decl.§ 96 (129.34) . sáir lochdach, § 14 (68.z) .
(a) outrage, insult, humiliation (see Ped. i 79, 536 - 7 ): nír bo
s. ¤ leu ar cocéilsine `they did not deem our fellowship an outrage',
50 Wb. 19a1 . ní dlig s. ¤ . . . | bathes már Maicc Maire, Fél. Jan. 6 .
ara marad a slicht and co bráth ar s. ¤ for Ultu as an insult to
the men of Ulster
, LU 5371 . a lām . . . | fofhūair sār saer for
bith chē (Thomas), ZCP iii 23.23 . mairg dobeir s. ¤ for saer-
chlaind, LL 296b39 ( SG 363.27 ). nach tucus s. ¤ ar cloc ina ar
55mind ina ar bhachaill, Anecd. i 77.17 . senchas s. ¤ `a tale of
wrongs
', Met. Dinds. iv 352.3 (of verse). ní coir sar ar saeir-
feruibh, RC xliii 20 § 14 . trí sáir (táir, v.l.) do fulngadh gár
bhFlaith | . . . | a thaobh geal do chor fa chloich, | dol a gcroich
is bean da bhreith, IGT Decl. ex. 1721 . ní thard s. ¤ dona
60saoidhibh `he never treated poets with contempt', Content. x 25 .
go bhfagha sh. ¤ it sheise | a chlár tana taipleise mayest thou get
contempt from thy companion
(?) (to the world), DDána 50.7 .
ar dorad s. ¤ ┐ dimiccin don crois moir, FM v 1466.21 . ionnas
no digheladh an s. ¤ dorattadh fair, vi 2360.6 .
65(b) of armies, etc., humiliation, discomfiture, defeat : ri ro
sáer Loth . . . | dia tardad s. ¤ Sodomda when Sodom was over-
thrown
, SR 7308 . ? In cheville: fri s. ¤ slait (: tinolsat), 6631 .
foruair sar for sochaighi `he brought contempt on many' (de-
feated a host
?), Laws iv 266.7 . nísbrúa s. ¤ snomda sluag the
70defeat which cuts down hosts
, Met. Dinds. iii 50.26 . s. ¤ (sic leg.)
ar síl Iriail `a victory over', 200.12 . cath im Bress fors' tardad
s. ¤ `on whom a wrong was wrought' (who was defeated?), iv 44.26 .
dulig s. ¤ ar bar sluagaib, LL 238b23 ( TTr. 1616 ). facabsat for
sluagu sar, Rawl. 116a22 . Note also: in n-úair nochuired . . . |
75in bíast buidech a brocc-lomm | . . . | dosficed s. ¤ sáethgalair
`an affliction of sore disease', Met. Dinds. iii 428.32 = sáeth
sárgalair, LL 212a4 .
(c) act of excelling, exceeding, that which excels, exceeds (cf.
2 and 3 sár): s. ¤ gach searbhuis `the worst of all defects', Ó Bruad.
80 ii 164.12 .

2 sár adjsame wd. as prec. used in composition. exceeding, excel-
lent, very (occas. also in literal sense of 1 sár). Freq. in allitera-
tion.
(a) with nouns: ¤ airbert: fuair bás dia sár-airbirt `peculiar
85prowess
', Met. Dinds. iii 74.95 . ¤ béim see ¤ bríathar.
¤ bríathar. Legal of certain abusive epithets incurring fines
(cf. 1 sár): ocht sarbriathra sár gen meth | i ndlegur lanlog
enech, Cóic Con. Fug. 35 § 39 . dligid sárbriathar sárbéim,
Acall. 1440 , `outrageous speech must have outrageous blow', SG
ii 136 . ¤ chaemna: ré slánughadh ┐ ré sár-chaomhna an
5duine complete deliverance, TSh. 7978 . ¤ cherd excellent
craft : re gach sáircheird, Fianaig. 86.13 . ¤ chíall: co sárcéill,
Acall. 1189 . ¤ chomlunn: is ann sin fa sanntaigi in sarcom-
lunn, St. Ercuil 2113 . ¤ chotlud: funn súain ┐ sáirchodhlata
sound sleep, Feis TC 35 . ¤ chú: risna sár-chonuibh, Feis
10TC 28 . ¤ dochar great misfortune : síordhaidheacht na sár-
dhochar, TSh. 6573 . ¤ ḟer hero: dár' ort in sarfer tar linn,
Cóir Anm. 266 . sloindit sárfir, Acall. 1189 . ¤ ḟine: do chaill
mé an sáirfhine sonn `the noble clan', Ir. Review 1913, 624 § 12 .
¤ ḟis: gidh a tá hsáirfhios aca though they know full well, Donl.
15 178.15 . ¤ ḟogeilt: dianghuth suadh sarfhogeilt, Ériu xiii
17.7 = sarfogeilt `excessive grazing', O'Dav. 604 . ¤ gemm:
sāir-gem do Gaoidelaib (of St. Cainnech), Arch. iii 220.16 .
¤ glond great deed: d'eis sarglond sarEmnae, Ériu viii 172.24 .
¤ guin: ig sroigled ┐ ig sarguin . . . na n-anrad, BB 419a50 .
20 ¤ laech great warrior : ina sreth-fornib . . . sar-laech, MR
222.21 . ¤ lár: cinnis Cc. do sarlár (sic leg.) thalmhan, TBC
p. 257 n. 4 , cf. 249 n. 5 . ¤ loinges: síl sáer-Briain co sár-
longsib `strong fleets', Met. Dinds. iii 348.10 . ¤ lúach: iar do
sárlúag do prímmaigib Herend buying thee at a dear price (?),
25 LU 10773 = sharlugaib, Ériu xii 170.8 . ¤ menmae: seiseilbe
┐ sarmenma `high spirit', ZCP vi 275.30 . ¤ muinter: sluaigh
┐ sarmuindter Gyi o Berbuic `great troop', ZCP vi 77.4 .
¤ múr: ruiri forthain ar sár-mhúr `strong fortress', FM ii
902.19 . ¤ nem: na seacht sair-nime `bright heavens', MR
30 94.4 . ¤ nert great strength: crīche dar slūag sārneirt, Ält. Ir.
Dicht. 18 § 22 . ¤ ṡleg: dar sárshlegaib, LL 48a32 . ¤ ṡlúag
great host : maith . . . | a shochraide 's a tshar-shlogh, Celt.
Rev. iv 106.14 . sirthe sársluaigh Uí Dhomhnaill, FM vi 1964 .
23 . ¤ thoísech: Mac Ragnaill . . . an sartuisech saidecht a
35n-enech, Ann. Conn. 1384.11 . sárthaoiseach einigh ┐ engna-
mha, FM iv 694.14 . ¤ thairbert: banaugra co sārtairbirt
`outrage (?)', Cáin Ad. 44 . ¤ thrían: ba sárgud sáir-thrín (sic
leg.) . . . | bán-mac Máinchin `an overmatch for a powerful
third
', Met. Dinds. iii 464.51 and Corr.
40(b) with adjj.: ¤ aibéil: go sár-aibéil very quickly, TSh.
2390 . ¤ chalma: co solamh sarcalma, TBC 3922 (St.).
¤ chengailte: sciath suairc sarceangailti, TTebe 2695 .
¤ chrotach ( ¤ chruthach ?): Sarbri sarchrotach mac Diult,
LL 376b22 . ¤ daingen: éidedh sárdhaingen, Ériu v 178.274 .
45 ¤ molta much to be praised, very precious: seóide sármholta,
Ériu v 166.44 . ¤ mór: crann sármor sleghi, ZCP vi 59.5 .
¤ núa: in saeb-niam sar-nua `brand-new', Met. Dinds. iv
340.30 . ¤ umal: co sír-blad ba s. ¤ `right lowly', Met. Dinds.
iii 350.32 .
50(c) with verbs: ¤ imthigid: ro siredh ┐ ro sairimthighedh
lasan lucht sin, FM vi 2098.12 . ¤ mínigid: prionnsa . . .
lé sair-mhínighthear gach saor-shluagh dá shíor-chogadh,
DDána 111.18 (381.x) .
See also sárthol, —tholach.