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65 sáraigid v(1 and 2 sár) Depon. in O.Ir. IGT Verbs § 106 (244.
22) . Perh. also sáirgid, cf. Magauran 4387 cited under II (a).
I violates, outrages, transgresses. (a) Of laws, commandments,
etc.: in rect rósárichset, Wb. 1d4 . rosariged mandatum occo,
3c24 . it hé a t[h]imnae adi . . . rusarigestar `that he had vio-
70lated
', Ml. 71b14 . ma ro sárugus do smacht, SR 1403 . in tíí
sharaiges . . . a thimnai ┐ a fhorcetul, PH 7886 . saraigther in
aithne-si o thri modaib, 7320 . do sháraigh Eabha an aithne,
Dán Dé xxii 28 . seanfhocal nách sároighthear a proverb
which holds good
, TD 16.1 . ní riaghail sháireochar `a rule
75without exception
'? PBocht 6.9 . monuar d'áitightheóiribh . . .
sháruigheas aitheannta an Tighearna = vae transgredientibus,
TSh. 5376 . Elliptically: ní sháireocha mé `I will not trans-
gress
', Jerem. ii 20 .
(b) of persons: ? sreba siabra saraigter | snimaig for hinn
80na lasra (descr. of day of judgment), SR 8305 . húair ro
sáraigsem Dia dil, 1517 = o ro sharaigsimar in Coimdid,
MacCarthy 62.6 . non saraigedar in mac insults us, LU 4872
( TBC² 384 ). ar ro sáraig G. hé G. had outraged him (i.e. had
disregarded a pledge), LU 9610 = ZCP iii 208.2 . mé Eba ben
85Ádhaimh uill | mé ro sháraigh Íosa thall, Ériu iii 148 § 1 .
soaid . . . Dia o na doinib . . . in tan sharaigit he, PH 2355 .
ro-da-sargius I have wronged him, RC xx 54.7 . na sáraigh
sinne, arna naeimh, uair da saraighi tu sinne ni bia cumairce
a nEirinn, KMMisc. 313.7 . guidhim Padraic naem | nacham-
saraighi shín, 319.12 . do sháruigh Éabha go huaibhreach |
5Athair na ndúl, DDána 41.9 . Fig. gur sháruigh déar a doirseoir
till tears could no longer be restrained, 27a.22 . ? beag nar
sáruigheadh San Froinséis `is now almost reft of honour',
PBocht 1.1 . an té sháruighios an bocht `that oppresseth the
poor
', Prov. xiv 31 .
10(c) in constr. s. ¤ x imm y: saraich[is] an laechradh im lín an
fáidh findnech the warriors disobeyed the druid in regard to the
number
(Maíl Dúin had taken with him a larger crew than
ordered by the druid), Anecd. i 52 § 16 . fer rat sháraig im
trib maccaib Usnig do marbad far th'einech violated thy
15honour by killing
. . ., TBC 5998 . doruimen E. na saraigfithe
imon tech i mbói that the house in which she was would not be
molested
, Anecd. ii 50.z . da saraiged iad 'man ingin if he
flouted them with regard to the girl
, TTebe 2133 . Usually
in the meaning deprives of, robs of: cia rot-sháraig 'mot'
20noebthlacht? SR 1308 . in chaillech . . . | ro shāraigh Bresal
'ma boin whose cow B. had carried off, ZCP vii 306.9 . no
shárgind én aith im og I used to rob the keen bird of its egg, IT
i 158.12 . is mor fhecht ro-m-sáraig in (leg. im in) forend fora
tardus-[s]a daille ┐ buidre `often has he snatched from me', PH
25 3823 .
(d) of violating a woman: cīa . . . | ro sāraigustar Etain? . . .
is ē ro sáruigh Etan . . . gurus toirrc[h]iustur, ZCP xiii 132 § 8 .
co ro saraich hi ┐ co ndeachaid na gnais da haindeoin, Ériu ii
180.1 . ro sharaidhiusa in ingin . . . o nach fuarus dia deoin í,
30 Ériu v 148.35 .
(e) of churches, etc.: asren díre a grád dond eclais sāraige-
t[h]ar, Ériu i 218 § 4 . nír sáraigh Brián Boraimhe | réd lindsi
Inis Cathaigh, Ir. Texts iv 80 § 2 . maircc sháireochus mo
chill cáid, BNnÉ 285 § 272 . sáireochait do thermannsa | do
35laoich is th'eolaigh féine, Ir. Texts iv 82 § 19 . Note also: mad
dia sárgid in n-id sin ┐ in rignia doringni, TBC 611 = ma
sāraigthe ind n-idse, . . . nō ma tīstai secha, TBC² 269 . ni
shariagum (shaireocham, v.l.) itir in n-id se . . . ┐ ní sáríagum
(shaireocham, v.l.) in rignia, TBC 618 - 19 .
40 II (a) excels, is better than: ní roclos fri sīl fri cath | nōnbor
nodasáraiged, ZCP viii 333.6 . do sháruigh sé fhuil Eoghain,
L. Cl. A. Buidhe 71.20 . a bhfuair ó Dhia . . . | cia anuas do
sháraigh? PBocht 10.31 . ? sairghidh rí D. re daidhbhreas |
duine gá mbí saidhbhreas, Magauran 4387 (see notes). ní do
45sháruigh na huile phiana = quae . . . superat, TSh. 6387 . fá
héigean don mhnaoi . . . dul do chómhruith re heachaibh Ch.
. . . gur sháruigh iad outran, Keat. ii 2421 . gniomh iongnad . . .
sháraighes uile chumhachta na ccréutuired (of a miracle),
Parrth. Anma 101.20 , cf. Luc. Fid. 57.5 . leogan . . . ro saraidh
50ind uili anmann . . . for airdi which exceeded all animals in
height
, St. Ercuil 390 . bean nár sháruigh bean san bhochtacht
than whom no woman was poorer, PBocht 9.7 . do sháruigh A.
i gcródhacht a lucht comhaimsire, Keat. ii 4846 . mar do
sháruigh iad uile a n-umhla, Desid. 2121 . nī hē gach ēn rī . . .
55sháraigess a gcīss ┐ a ttorba . . . ē not every king excels him in
rent and profit
, Fl. Earls 82.10 . sai nar saraiged ┐ nach
sareochar . . . re dan, Ann. Conn. 1244.7 = saoí nár sár-
aigheadh ┐ nách sáireochar, FM iii 308.11 . With follg. prep.
(cf. do-róscai): ba tria forcraidh neolusa . . . no saruidhdís I.
60don na druidhe, Laws i 20.21 Comm .
(b) hence with prep. AR is better than, gets the better of; per-
suades, prevails upon: gor tsaraigh an salm aíridhe si air he
was unable to repeat this particular psalm
, BCC 61 (46.12) . a
connmhail a cuidechta na n-ordughadh no gur sháruidh
65orrtha until it was beyond their power, Rel. Celt. ii 188.1 . do
sháruigh sé orra go mór `he pressed upon them', Gen. xix 3 .
sáraighis N. ara cloind gan dul le díchēill . . . Conaill N. per-
suaded his children not to join in C.'s folly
, ZCP xiv 224.14 .
do sharaig in Coimdi caidh | ar clandaibh Sheth co saerbaidh |
70co nar faema duine dibh | ingena cloena Caïn, BB 7b32 =
fuacair, ar in comdiu cáid | do chlannaib Séith . . ., LL 141b46 .
Note also: sáraigh t'fheirg dom fhóireithin `repress thy wrath
and save me
', PBocht 23.48 .
(c) passes (a certain age): gur sháruigh ocht mbliadhna dég
75dhá aois till he was past eighteen, ZCP xii 396.20 . suil . . . do
sháruighid fithche bliadhain, Donl. xviii 26 . Cf. do sháruigh sé
a nuáir chinnte `hath passed the time appointed', Jerem. xlvi 17 .
Part. sáruigthe exhausted, prostrate : go bhfacamar . . . |
Bran a's í suaidhte sáruighthe exhausted, Oss. vi 78.14 .
80 dorindi sé breid sínti saraighthi don Afraicc uli `devastated',
St. Ercuil 1390 . fa bhréid shladach sháraighthe, TD 32.76 .
Vn. sárugud.

sáraigthech adj o, ā (sáraigid) forcible, violent, aggressive : ropsat
súntaig, santacha, saraigthig `oppressive', MR 194.10 . an
85saobh-choire sáruightheach, TSh. 1975 . ré dol 'na sheilbh go
sáruightheach, 7015 .