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saraphin xsee seraphin.

sarceistid n(formation from Lat., cf. sacrista) sacristan : cumal
don aistreoir, di cumal don sarceistigh, O'C. 318 ( H. 3.18,
175b ).

5 sardínés n(see O.E.D. s.v. sardine 1 ) name of a precious stone: do
cloich búadha re n-abur s. ¤ `sardenis', Maund. 249 .

sárgud xsee sárugud.

? sarrus: n in coimdiu s. ¤ (.i. scéla no faisneis) ro roig, | tuc ar tus
na remfhocail, O'C. 1468 ( H. 3.18, 651 ).

10 sarsen (-san) n m.(Romance loan-word) sergeant : sarsen maior,
Fl. Earls 44.11 . sarsean m., Cín Lae Ó Meall. 48.29 . sarsion
m., 26.13 . sairsion m., 25.29 . sarsan m., 36.12 .

sart xsee next wd.

sartan n fleece : s. ¤ .i. sart .i. cnai; an .i. andus (= annus) .i.
15bliadain .i. olann bliadnae bis for cairib, O'Mulc. 845 = O'C.
1418 ( H. 3.18, 637 ). `a yearly crop or fleece of wool', O'Don.
Suppl.

sárt(h)ol n(sár+tol) lust, concupiscence : int sartol gl. libido,
Ml. 34a13 . sarthol ┐ etrad, Anecd. iii 67.22 . congbaideta co
20ngenus fri sártoil ┐ adaltras, ZCP iii 24.34 . comma mo ailgius
sarthoili na mm[b]an na na fer the cravings of lust, TTebe 1628 .

sárt(h)olach adj o, ā (sárthol) lustful : níp sartholach a chland gl.
in accussatione luxoriae, Wb. 31b5 . go madh treabhair,
crodha, beodha, creasach, sartholach a righe `self-willed',
25 TFrag. 26.22 .

sárugud u m. vn. of sáraigid. Somet. also sárgud (the usual
form in early poetry).
I (a) act of violating, outraging, flouting, disobeying : ni dhene
sealbh sarugad violent seizure does not constitute possession (?),
30 RC xliii 18.11 . brath ┐ saruigthi ┐ guin, Laws i 56.14 Comm .
brúghadh, sārughudh, eigniughudh, dinge, linge, Eg. Gl. 56 .
(b) of persons: iss ed lóg [a] enech dia aír, dia díguin, dia
esáin, dia shárug[ud] `dishonouring, iniuria ' (Gloss.), Críth
Gabl. 25 . díguin glossed sarugud, LU 1516 ( MU² 1014 ). i[s]
35s. ¤ damsa trúag nó trén . . . do chuingid neich chuci `'tis an
outrage to me if (anyone
) . . . as aught of him', ZCP iii 216 § 30
( LU 9710 ). do s. ¤ Dé ┐ dáine `to outrage God and men', RC iv
250 § 16 ( LU 2379 ). is me targlaim na sluagu sair | lúag mo
sharaigthe d'Ultaib in requital for my being insulted by the U.,
40 TBC 3223 = lūach mo sāraichthi, TBC² 2404 . is mor an
dínsium ┐ in sárugud dos-bere foraind, PH 3912 . [i] n-éiric
in grista truim .i. a saraigthe, Laws i 66.33 Comm . , glossing i
ndigail a thromgreisi, 64.9 . dia leigi sarugad for a coinne `if
he allow (his pledge) to be violated in his presence
', v 170.2 Comm .
45 is sarugud dun do dulasa i Mumain, RC xliii 20.2 . do indis
. . . | a brāthir da tshārugudh that his brother had outraged him
(Philip of Herod), Ériu iv 176 § 20 . beit . . . ag aithfer . . . for
in Coimdhe gan a logad doibh . . . na saraigthi tucsat fair, RC
xxviii 318 § 33 . do bhí Éabha . . . | ar tí shéana a sháraichthe
50 about to deny that she had disobeyed him, DDána 5.24 . do
shárughadh a n-aghaidh ar nDé lé pósadh ban coimhightheach,
Nehem. xiii 27 . With imm: Fergus do marbad Thraigthreóin
. . . ┐ a brathar ┐ sargud Conchobair impu flouted C. concern-
ing them
, LL 261a9 = sarugud, IT i 76 § 16 . cen a sharugad
55imon mbec mbíd fil aici, FDG 127 ( MR 18.8 ). a brathair . . .
do sharucchadh imon mbloidh mbicc tire i mboí, FM vi 2260.z .
(c) in phr. tar s. ¤ in spite of, in defiance of, against the wishes
of: tar a saraghadh fein no a tuistin no a fine in spite of herself
or her child or her tribe
, Laws i 180.17 Comm . gl. toirched tar
60apud, 176.1 . dar fricur fine .i. dar sarugud fine, O'Dav. 911 .
tuargaib Balam a guth ṅgluair | dara sargud in morslúaig,
SR 4806 . dar sarugud a thusnigthe = invitis parentibus, Lat.
Lives 87.5 . an macamh . . . do marbad tar sarugud . . . Airt
(under whose protection he was), Ériu iii 160 § 13 . is dar
65sarugud Dé ┐ Patraic . . . da cech duine erfas a cheli . . . im
sét, RC xii 432 § 31 . toirimt[h]echt domnaigh Dē dēin | . . . |
is tar sārugud (leg. sārgud) in Choimdegh, Ériu iii 143 § 2 . in
fer dobera gell tar sarugad `in despite', Laws v 180.14 Comm .
tar sarugud Dé in violation of God's command, PH 8402 .
70 comairce mís ┐ raithi ┐ bliadne aice sein . . . da gach duine dar
sarugud bhfer nEirenn (of S. Finnchua), Lism. L. 2997 .
Eochaid . . . do dallad . . . tar sárugudh na cleíreach, RC xviii
268.23 . M. . . . do ghabháil lá Gallaibh . . . tor sarúchcadh trí
n-epscop `in violation of the guarantee of three bishops', FM iii
75160.2 .
Cf. do chaill sinn ar sáruighthe `bets (?)' (notes) (of a game
of fidchell), LBranach 6777 .
(d) of a woman: in inuclund dlighus in oig ina sarugha[d],
Laws i 132.18 Comm . dian tsarugh[ud] `forcible violation', iv
80228.z . ro mídair . . . a sárgud (: thálgud) `to ravish her', Met.
Dinds. iv 24.16 . rob olc lé sárgud a sethar, LL 296a5 ( SG
361.y ). ni fhuair a slad na a saruccadh do dhenamh (of a
woman travelling alone), Cog. 138.14 . do dighail a mna ┐ a
saraighthe forro, RC xviii 193.7 . Fig.: éagnaighthe re Dia a
85dochar | mar tá sí ar n-a sárochadh (of Éire), A. Ó Dálaigh
liii 11 .
(e) of commands, ordinances, etc.: cech smacht . . . ┐ cech
recht no ortaigtheá ó feraib Herend . . . ní laimthea a sarugud,
LU 4214 . mallachad luchta sáraigthe na n-aithned who
transgress
, PH 7305 . d'éis sháraighthe a aithne uainn, Aithd.
5D. 63.3 . aitheanta Dé do shárughadh, Donl. 100.22 . na trí
sáruighthe do ghníodhmaoid ar na trí reachtaibh, Eochairsg.
83.14 . ofráil sháruighthe `trespass-offering', Levit. vi 17 .
lucht an tsáruighthe `the transgressors', Prov. ii 22 .
(f) of sacred places, churches, etc. (cf. FM v 1446 - 7 note):
10 sarughadh domnaigh Phatraicc `profanation', AU i 206.y . iar
sarugad termainn Tamlachtai Maeleruain d'uu Neill, 298.6 .
Inis Cathaigh do sarughudh do Brían mac C. for Gallaib
Luimnigh, RC xvii 339.21 . sárucchad a cheall, BNnÉ 261.6 .
Note also: tiagait . . . do sharugud in tigi `to break the house',
15 BDD 6 ( BDD² 87 ). bachall Issa do sarugud, RC xvii 367.27 .
mo daig-ḟer . . . | ni laimed slúag a shargud (: brá-dub) `no host
dared affront it
' (a spear), Met. Dinds. iv 334.72 .
(g) act of ravaging, laying waste; rapine : ? robōi cuit do
maccaib C. ocont sharugud (of a battle), Mór M. 8 . gach gaid
20┐ gach slad ┐ gach sarugud dognithi isin cathair, CCath. 54 .
? in neach nar bhreathnuigh cur sharachadh do bheith cud-
truma re Dia = non rapinam arbitratus est esse se equalem Deo,
ITS xxix 166.7 (46.28) . slad ┐ sárucchadh an tíre, FM vi
2106.22 . da slad ┐ da sarughud (a country), St. Ercuil 1391 .
25 in fairge aga sarachadh (the disciples) = invadere (Gloss.),
Smaointe B. Chr. 2221 .
II (a) overcoming, getting the better of: ba sárgad sáir-thrin
. . . | bán-mac Máinchin `an over-match for a powerful third',
Met. Dinds. iii 464.3 . ni thallai do dainib im fer diib lin a
30sharaighthe ar nert `enough . . . to overpower him by force',
Ériu ii 130.z . caislén I C. . . . do ghabáil lé hIarla Ch. . . . iarna
shárugad fo a athair after it had prevailed (= held out) against
his father
, ALC ii 224.25 = iar ffeimdhedh a ghabhála dia
athair, FM v 1336.17 . bean sháruighthe [doirre Dé] (Mary),
35 PBocht 9.5 . agá sárughadh ré hiodhbairt luach-mhóir an
aifrinn do thréigean constraining them, TSh. 6050 .
(b) exceeding, excelling : ot chondcatar Laegaire cona druidib
do sarughadh tria firta . . . i fiadnaisi fer n-Erend (i.e. by
Patrick), Laws i 14.19 . toil ar n-aithreach | . . . | nach peacadh
40sinn dá sárachadh `to outdo our Fathers' fervour', Aithd. D.
89.28 . iarna sharugudh di i ngach egna for she had excelled
him in every kind of wisdom
, ZCP vi 24.11 . ní raibhe sáor a
sáraighthe (Gobán), BNnÉ 233 § 148 . go bhfóirfidh sé mar
leabhrán urnaighthe do'n mhuintir ag nach bhfuil a sháru-
45ghadh who have nothing better, Donl. iv 25 . dhá shárughadh
a mbochtacht, Desid. 1334 . fithche bliadhain do shárughadh
to be over twenty years of age, Donl. xix 3 .