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scaraid v ā, Usually with ē-fut. in Mid.Ir. (noscairiub, Ml. 43a23 ,
see Thurn. Gramm. § 651 ). A t-pret. occurs in: ro scart , TBC
948 , 1382 (see under (g) infra). In Ó Bruad. also with stem
65 scéar-: rear scéar, Ó Bruad. ii 32.4 . roscéaraidh (: fhoscéalaibh), 140.10 .
re ar scéaradh, 198.23 . IGT Verbs § 28 . Vn. scarad, scarthain.
I Trans. (a) separates, parts : bendacht for ríg na nhuile |
ron scar, a c[h]naim senbuide (to a tooth), Trip.² 1625 .
scérthar a leccni, benfader a fhiacla as a chind, PH 1118 (will
70be destroyed
? Cf. (g) infra).
(b) most commonly in phr. s. ¤ x fri y separates, severs x from
y: noeb is núibhuaga . . . | scérdair frisin slóg i mmaig | bertair
isin morchathraig, SR 443 = scerthair, MacCarthy 40.14 . ni
sinn rotscar frit sluagu, SR 1735 . scéraidh soin rígh re ríghain,
75 IGT Verbs ex. 292 . Of the separation of body and soul: anim
Patraicc fria chorp | is iar sáethaib roscarad, Hy. ii 63 . bātar
tra demain ┐ aingil ic imchosnum 'mon anum ō do scarsat
frisin corp hé, Arch. iii 226.9 .
(c) in same construction deprives of, cuts off from, relieves of:
80 níb scara fri bar pecthu `(your faith) . . . doth not sever you from
your sins
', Wb. 13b19 . fear ris ro scara a cond ┐ fer ro scara
frisin domun, Laws v 234.22 . ro scar fria náire is fria nert |
dag-mnái Dáire deprived of her modesty, Met. Dinds. iii 134.11 .
cia rét . . . non-scérad fri grád Crist? in ron-scérai tréblait?
85 PH 5873 . ba lor leis do biudh inní no scaradh fri accurus as
much as would keep him from hunger
, CCath. 1183 . conid hí
ind fingal sain ro scar rīgi nÉirenn fri claind Echach D., ZCP
viii 317.14 . Dia sgéarus inn ris gach n-olc, Dán Dé xxvii 27 .
go sgarfadh an Fhiann leis a cheann would have cut off his
head
, Oss. iv 82.4 . do scar in cloidemh na deich ndeslámha
5fiched riu cut off, Comp. Con C. 113.29 . s. ¤ láma fri: atiur-sa
brethir . . . na scér-sa lama riu ca slaide ┐ ic a n-essargain I
will be unremitting in my attacks on them, TBC 4450 . cona ro
scar lāmha fris go ro eidirdelaigh a cenn rea chúilmēidhe,
ZCP xiv 232.12 .
10(d) with other prepp.: cip e . . . ingaibes na huli ulcu-sa . . .
scerthar . . . o phéin na híttad, PH 5624 . scarthais Día dá
cech dis daibh | forba (sic leg.) saethair na sen-náeimh with-
held from each pair of them
, BNnÉ 97.1 . marbhaid an t-anam
do bhríogh go sgarthar leó ó Dhia é because it is taken from
15them by God
, TSh. 1486 .
(e) with cognate accus.: nib [ṡ]ursan sccaradh sccarmait,
BNnÉ 313 § 5 .
(f) spreads out, unfolds : scarais iarum a forbrat | i taig,
glossed .i. scailis `spread', Hy. v 34 . a Brigit scar ós mo chind
20| do bratt find dom anacul, LL 308a48 ( SG 389.16 ). scar dam
. . . forgemen mo charpait fóm, TBC 3285 . scarais .i. sgaoilis
no sreathnaighis, O'Cl.
(g) in sense of do-scara destroys, knocks down :? scarais a
hech cenn abréit (`severed'), Hy. v 55 (see note). sruth aile .i.
25donither isin sruth .i. scara[s] sruth destroys, Laws v 270.25
Comm. (cf. trascrus, ib.). scarais coica rígmac im thalmain
díb foe, TBC 920 (trasgrais, v.l.). co ro scart maccu na curad
. . . ar dorus a llis, 948 . Cf. mac bec . . . bar ro scart na curaid,
1382 (.i. ro trascair, St.).
30 II Intrans. (a) separates, parts : in tan scermait when we shall
part
, Trip.² 811 . co ro scarsatar fo osadh, AU i 508.x . scarait
. . . oc Beluch da Liac, LU 2936 . scérdait far n-óendili i fat,
TBC 2796 . o chonrāngatar . . . | nī scērat is nī scarfat, RC
xxxvii 348 § 73 . o scerait, ┐ o na biat imale (landlord and
35tenant), Laws iii 144.8 Comm . ro badh ferr linn na sccarmais,
BNnÉ 313 § 5 .
(b) departs, vanishes, is dissipated : atbathsat slúaig síde
Truim | ro scarsatar a morgluind no longer do they perform
great deeds
, LU 3569 ( SC 29 ). ar na scarait (sic leg.) trí haige
40bruithi and that it be never without three boiled joints, Laws i
48.2 Comm . an lá sgéaras Dia fa dhiomdhaidh when God
departs
(`when God . . . separates us'), Dán Dé xii 7 . an uair
ghébhas [bás] do chomarba . . . ní scéra cen anmchairdes fair
he will not depart (this life), BNnÉ 14.8 . Note also: ni scel do
45scar gan dogra was disseminated, Ir. Texts ii 58 § 13 .
(c) In phr.: s. ¤ x fri y x separates, parts from y: na scarad
frisin fer, Wb. 10a3 . roscarsam frib, 24d26 . ba méite limm ni
scartha friumm, 29d8 . arna rascra a menme contra (= fri)
deum, Thes. ii 253.7 (Stowe M.). ro scarus-[s]a rut is rot'
50chlaind, SR 2031 . nomad loighi na con in gach cuilen dia
cuilena, no in cait, co ro scarsat riu, ┐ o scerait, is smacht
unnta, Laws iii 378.26 Comm . sochaide scaras fria choemu,
TBC 195 . ni scér-sa frib-si, 1140 . scerdait a óicc fria tairsech,
Thr. Hom. 110.20 . sgéarad . . . rem chloinn, DDána 57.23 .
55 bidh anos sccérfus do spiorat red chorp, BNnÉ 56 § 61 . ag
Cairbre L. trá scaraid Oirghialla . . . ré clannaibh Néill branch
off from
(in genealogy), Keat. ii 5546 .
(d) in same construction relinquishes, gives up, is without,
desists from: in tan noscairiub frisna huili deithidnea, Ml.
60 43a23 . in corp marbde frissa roscar-som, Wb. 3a14 . noscarinn
friu gl. detrimenta, 24a4 . marudscarsid fri tola, 27a30 . ro-
scarsat friae (fidem), 28a20 . roscarsat fri hiriss, 29b22 . in tain
scaras fria thola, Thes. ii 247.7 (Cambr.). 18 . ro scar fri féle,
SR 3216 . indid F. . . . | roscar fri míadh Cluana móir? AU i
65442.19 . scérait fri airfitiud in domain seo, LU 2402 . in tan
no scairiub frim chrí when I die, ZCP vii 308.26 . dia ro
scardais fria cloissin if they ceased to hear it, Ériu ii 128 § 96 .
ní scarat mná re baoís, iii 148 § 3 . Dún Tulcha . . . | ní scéra
re deg-seanchaid will never be without a good storyteller, iv
70150.z . nir scara (ní scere, v.l.) fri hordan n-old mayst thou
never lose
, IT iii 16 § 41 = Bruchst. i § 16 . do sgar sé re
meanmain móir | . . . | do bhí go dearóil dá deoin, Dán Dé ii 14 .
roscair si friom oirchisecht (: ro-chair) she has ceased to pity
me
, Buile S. 54.12 .
75Note also: doscar saerbrigh re cach clainn strength has de-
parted from every tribe
, MacCarthy 426 § 6 . go scar lán rem
lámhuibh-si `until fulness leaves my hands' (i.e. till my hands
are empty), Ériu ix 165.z . nocha sgéra brígh an bennaicht | re
síl Énna, IGT Decl. ex. 847 .
80(e) with ó: ro scaradar fir Érenn ó Themraigh ┐ ó chéili,
Comp. Con C. 114.19 .
(f) with OCUS: da scaraind gan troit is tú if you and I should
part without conflict
, TBC 3679 . gar sgar mé is mhac M.,
Aithd. D. 10.36 . ní sgéar ┐ Muire mhór, Dán Dé xxvii 34 . do
85Chinél A. . . . | dobhér uaim uille airmhe, | sgeurad sa[n]
dream . . . | is bérad leam Laoghaire (a poet recounting a
genealogy), Ir. Texts iv 51 § 18 . cionnus scerfaimne ┐ iadsomh
fri a roile, Leb. Gab. 198.15 . Note also: o'n lá thuit C. . . . |
níor sgarais ó shoin acht ar ár dtí thou hast never ceased to
pursue us
, Oss. vi 12.23 .
5 Part. brat scartha, Laws iv 184.12 . a anom ┐ a chorp . . .
sgartha ré 'roile, Desid. 6241 . air na mbeith sgartha o bheatha
Dé, Donl. xxiv 28 .

scaraít xsee scarlóit.

scarfa n(Eng. loan-word) scarf : sgarfa sróill, Ir. Review 1912,
10471 § 8 .

scarlóit nlater scaraít, scoraít. (Lat. scarlatum, perh. through
Eng. or Fr.) scarlet (the cloth). See GJ xix 108 , RC xii 467 .
sgárrlóid, m. and f., g s. id. and -e, IGT Decl. § 113 . scaraid gl.
gausape, Ir. Gl. 864 . sroll ┐ scarloit do mac righ erind, Laws
15 ii 146.16 Comm . do folchad na buird . . . do sgóraidib scíam-
glana, Fianaig. 56.4 . téighid sginge | do sgarlóid chorcra . . . |
th'ucht, DDána 114.24 . ga seadh dhuit bróg na bánbróig |
bruit sgárlóid fód ar fínṡráid, IGT Decl. ex. 1870 . ocht slata
┐ da fichet do sgarláid, FM iv 1026.8 = AU iii 208.24 . guna
20sgharloide, ZCP vi 51.31 . guna do sgarloid dirg deghdatha,
St. Ercuil 2089 . gabtur . . . sgarloid no edach derg ele, Rosa
Ang. 314.18 . gabhas L. sgaraoide sgiamhglana ┐ bratacha
lánleathna, ITS xxiv 74.3 . gan bhuird gan scoraidi = sine
mensa, sine linteaminibus, ITS xix 40.3 . ceann meascáin is
25gile 'ná scóraid, Hackett xxvi 171 . Perh. of the colour in: a
ssicir srol sita sainemail suaichnid, iter scarloit is uani `both
scarlet and green
', Cog. 78.22 . ionar corcra . . . | matal sgarlóid,
Studies 1925, 64 § 22 . Cf. brat . . . sgárlóide, Dhá Sgéal Art.
1627 .

30 ? scarsailthi: ind is lóm s. ¤ an memrum chunn litre, Flower Cat.
526.27 .

scart n stalk; haulm, husk(of flax) : s. ¤ gl. stipula, stuppa, Thes. i
1.18 . ? pl. in cnaib . . . ata si fuar tirim ┐ is aire sin nach
inchuir isna crechtaib, na na sgartadh orro, Ir. Texts v 4.2 .
35 Cf. na neithi is cosmuil riu sin is coir ar sgarthaidh (leg.
sgartaibh?) cnaibi, 5.8 .

scartach adj o, ā (2 scairt) prophetical : sgartach gl. propheticum,
Ir. Gl. 796 .

1 scarthach, scarthanach adj o, ā (scaraid, scarthain) separated,
40 severed : ní ba debthach ar ná ba s. ¤ `unsociable', Tec. Corm.
19.34 . tainic aimser ar ndelaighthi anois, ┐ i[s] sgailti sgar-
tanach ata ar comunn . . . adrasta = disjunctus, Smaointe B.
Chr. 4442 .

2 scarthach n name of a fish (?): maidm tiprait māir maic M. |
45. . . | memaid saithe s. ¤ ndonn | hūad sīardes, ZCP viii 308.14 .

scarthain x= scarad. sgarthain, IGT Decl. § 148 . Verbs § 28 .
s. ¤ cuirp ┐ anma, SR 1350 . an bidbanas scarthana anma [re
corp] hé `deadly enmity' Laws iii 154.21 Comm . ra pa da s. ¤
da n-dubach . . . a s. ¤ inn aidchi sin, TBC 3714 . ind eclais do
50s. ¤ fri pecthaib the church to give up sins, PH 4911 . d'éis
sgarthana dhó ┐ damh, L. Cl. A. Buidhe 69.105 . teann an
sgél sgarthoin ó gCuinn dispersal, 81.141 . sgarthoin na ríogh
rinn, 113.55 . gurbo sgarthain c[h]rīche re cinedhuib, ML²
1113 . comartha a sccartana re 'roile, BNnÉ 247 § 199 . nách
55éidir lé mo sgarthuin ré grádh mo Thighearna, Desid. 1744 .
do chuir bhar n-orchóid sgarthain idir sibh féin ┐ Dia =
diviserunt inter vos et Deum, TSh. 1216 .

scata n host, flock, drove : sgata Connacht 'san g-cath g-cruaidh
`the host of Connacht', Misc. Celt. Soc. 404.14 . sgata caorach,
60 Iar Conn. 290.9 . ? alais dá each for áes Sidhe Earcmon, hi
scaitib Auae C. `among the droves of A.C.', Met. Dinds. iv
302.6 .

scatán n(perh. based on ON. See O.E.D. s.v. scad 3 . See also ZCP
ix 110 ) herring : scatān .i. scuit inn ena .i. genaid ind uisci,
65 Corm. Y 1194 . sgadan gl. allec, Ir. Gl. 967 . deathach ceann
sgadāin shaillti, RSláinte 2465 .

scatánach n o,m. (scatán) fisherman : scat(h)ánaigh Erenn ule
. . . do dhul co Manainn do iascairecht, ALC i 256.6 .

scatarc, -erc xsee scadarc.

70 scáth n o and u,n. g s. scáith, LU 9060 (see under I (c) below).
scatha, Laws i 234.z Comm . sgátha, PBocht 24.20 . sgáithe,
Oss. iii 272.4 . a p. scáth, Sg. 108a2 .
I (a) shadow, shade : conoscaigther du scath immut la
cumscugud inna grene, Ml. 118c12 . inna s. ¤ gl. figuras `the
75shadows
', Sg. 108a2 . co scathaib scoth for cach maig (Para-
dise), SR 971 . delb hiruphin . . . | co scathaib a scíath scailte
(: fathaib) with the shadows of their outstretched wings, 4316 .
ós cionn na háirce [do bhádar] ná Cherubini glórgha, ag cur
sgátha ar fholach na háirce, Heb. ix 5 . ar ba léir s. ¤ a asna
80trianablai, Goid. 168 § 101 (ACC). trefoclai . . . cen s. ¤ dofairce
cuitbiud obscurity (?), Arch. iii 293.7 .
(b) reflexion, image : sgath .i. sgáile, O'Cl. ar nach aiced a
scath i n-uisce reflexion, Laws i 72.30 Comm . is i aimsir a
dechana in scatha, 234.z Comm . seacht scéith co s. ¤ na gréni
85 reflecting the sun, BR 74.24 . gion go glan mo sgáth sgáthán |
gnáthfhál dhamh sgáth a sgíthéan though my reflection is not
clear (?), DDána 24.30 . an sgáth bréige the false image (of a
dead body to which life is about to be restored), 69.16 .
(c) phantom, spectre : co nn-aca in scath chuci aníar . . . ba
úathmar laiss [ ] in scáith ar indar lais rosiacht co rrici
5ethíar a arddi, LU 9058 , 9060 ( FB 81 ) = a met an scaith, IT
i 295.x (Eg.). scáth, LU 9113 (87). is comlunn fri scath, IT i
124.16 (Tochm. Ét. Eg.). bid imguin fri s. ¤ imguin friu, BDD²
782 . As n.pr. Sciath ┐ Scath, imtar da shiabar, IT iii 243.4 .
(d) mirror (cf. scadarc, scáthán): is cumme adciamni na
10rúna diadi et adcíi nech ní tri scáath gl. per speculum, Wb.
12c11 . in ruthen des isin leith cli in scáith gl. dextrae porro
partes que sunt sinistrae uidentur in eisdem speculis, KZ xxix
373.17 (Bodleian glosses on Chalcidius).
II (a) shelter, covering : clúdadh, folach, s. ¤ , Eg. Gl. 155 .
15 duralad sliab inna scath antuaid `to shelter it', Ml. 67d9 .
? batar da ech aigi oc a n-ailimain do a Sid E. a scáthaib aba
C., ZCP iii 241.6 = i síth, Comp. Con C. 36.18 . ag so an sgáth
criadh ar gclaonadh (the body compared to a sheepfold),
Aithd. D. 50.12 . gur gheabh sgáth fan [mbrugh] 'n-a mbíoth
20`took shelter', PBocht 11A.24 . do ghlés an Tighearna Día
pailms. ¤ , ┐ thug sé air teacht ós cionn Iónah súas chor go
mbeith na s. ¤ ós cionn a chinn, Jon. iv 6 . isé an Tighearna do
s. ¤ air do láimh dheis, Ps. cxxi 5 . ag iarraidh sgáithe na truaill-
chléire `shelter', Oss. iii 272.4 .
25(b) protection : sgáth a dheirbhfhine an séimhfhear as suil-
bhire, L. Cl. A. Buidhe 146.4 . gabhar sgáth mh'ainbhis agam
let my ignorance be my excuse (notes), DDána 7.15 . As vn.:
biaidh dhod sgáth ar na sé sluaghaibh protecting thee, DDána
30.14 .
30 III In phr. ar s. ¤ (a) in the shadow of, near, beside : eirg ar scath
in chairthi cloichi ucut = juxta, Lat. Lives 104.13 . ? ni raba-
sa riam can ḟer ar s. ¤ araile ocum (Medb), TBC 41 . ar ba
doinmech dó a betha for s. ¤ a fhogluma engaged in study, Aisl.
MC 9.9 .
35(b) under the protection of: raba daiṅgen dithoglaithi beith
ar s. ¤ arm Hectoir, LL 243ay ( TTr. 1976 ). ar mbeth-ne . . . for
a s. ¤ -som under his protection, PH 7901 . is e ro naidm Muiri
óg for scath Íoseph, LB 145b13 . dul ar a sgáth is díon damh
(of the Cross), DDána 23.20 . ar do sgáth . . . | mairg a-tá, a
40shaoghail shanntaigh, 53.9 . ar sgāth a sgēith, ML² 1253 .
comhrādh firscarde (?) ar scáth a sg[ē]ithe, Feis TC 276 .
(c) protecting, shielding : ar s. ¤ a féili . . . | tucsat duille na
fiche, SR 1359 = tucsat duille na pailme for a s. ¤ a fheli,
MacCarthy 56.12 (Adam and Eve). co ros-anaic T., co tabairt
45scéith ara s. ¤ , TTr.² 732 . nit gonfaidhthar do ghres gin bes in
sciath ar do s. ¤ , RC vi 183.11 . ? trí máidme clúanaigi: ató ar
do s. ¤ , rosaltrus fort, rotfliuchus com étach (`I am on your
track
'), Triads 104 . gan ar a sgáth achd sí `with none to guard
Him but her
', PBocht 13.11 . ar mo sgáth 'n-a sgáth dhíona |
50. . . | go rabh . . . | San D., Dán Dé iv 7 . robidh a cruinniugudh
. . . na curp . . . ara s. ¤ aga imdhiden ar urcuraibh a escarnamud
to protect himself, ZCP vi 57.6 . In pl.: colomna cloch do
thócbáil eturru ar scáthaib a n-ech, eturru ┐ in snechta to
shelter their horses
, MU² 309 .
55(d) in compensation for, in lieu of, in exchange for: na ranna
atait ar scath colla no aithgena, Laws iii 100.4 Comm . is
amlaid comruinter in eniclann, a leth ar scath tochusa, ┐ a
leth ar scath indracuis `in right of', v 34.12 Comm . in tan . . .
ni ro dibait seoit ar scath a trebuiri in return for (?), O'Don.
60 757 ( H. 3.17, 546 ). ma benadh colladh air; no dono cona beth
ni ar s. ¤ a cotalta mana milledh in imcisin acht coirpdire fo
truma na cneidhe (of a wound), O'Don. 1965 ( Eg. Plut. 90, 8ra ). cumal
ar scath toile comcluithi in compensation for, O'C. 2374 ( Eg.
88, 29rb ). robo maith leo (lind?) ar [a?] scath in t-en bec ut
65do bith ocund in exchange for it (a chain which Brigit had
given away), Lib. Hymn. 122 gl. on l. 127 (Broccán's Hymn,
cf. Thes. ii 343.14 ). an té tug | bláth diombuan dúisgeas
formud | . . . | ar sgáth mholta mharthonaigh `who exchanged
for
', TD 31.9 .
70(e) for the sake of: go dt[iobhar]thaoi dhamh | grás ar sgáth
Mhuire mháthar, A. Ó Dálaigh xxiv 12 . caoin ar fhulaing ar
do sgáth | Críost, Measgra D. 65.9 . fer . . . fuilngthe ingreama
ar sgáth an Choimdedh, Buile S. 2.12 . Note also: co tuc
Aichia a feranus do Elena ar scath a meic `for behoof of his
75son
', Aen. 127 .
(f) under pretext of: ní ar sgáth sgéimhe mo dhána | téighim
d'iarraidh eadrána, Content. viii 25 . tug Diarmaid . . . Dear-
bhorguill . . . ar élódh ar s. ¤ eigin leis on some pretext or other (?),
Mart. Don. xxvii 16 . ar s. ¤ síthe do shír (leg. shir) cogadh,
80 Keat. Poems 1213 . inghean H. . . . do bheith 'na leannán
leaptha ar sgáth a beith pósta aige, TSh. 5506 . tángadar . . .
ar s. ¤ ceannaidheachta `on the pretext of trading', Keat. iii 2901 .
do chum an phoboil shimplidhe do mhealladh ar sgáth a
ughdardháis, Desid. 4635 . Perh. also in: beg mo chuid o thig
85laa, | ni thaét ar scath lá noa | barr biorair Chluana Cille `it
comes not as a new day's right
(?)', Buile S. 32.2 .
IV fear, fright : gur tharngair Sgathaighe gan sgath | mise
air ath do thuiteam leis, RC x 337 § 9 . coir sgath re sgelaibh
t'aicme the stories of thy people are to be feared, Ir. Texts ii 103
§ 55 . crithir bheo . . . | gan sgáth a ngleo, L. Cl. A. Buidhe
5 88.26 . biaidh 'n-a sgáth ar Mhuire . . . | do ghuidhe, Dán Dé
xxviii 19 . a agra ní hadhbhar sgátha, PBocht 24.20 . triall
as do cengal gan sgath, BNnÉ 141.34 . Of horses act of taking
fright, shying : in tan ocrus se sin a scát[h] na a preapa, Laws v
154.25 Comm . O D. . . . do thuitim dia eoch . . . gan ansocracht
10gan oilbeim gan sgeinm gan sccath, FM v 1606.16 .
Compds. ? ¤ bricce: do scoraib sciathcha scáthbricci, TBC
4025 . ¤ cheilt: ba thuaidh dá ngráin ar scáithcheilt mh'ain-
gilse dhóibh concealing, Hackett xii 2 . ¤ derc see scadarc.
¤ díden: conach raibhe d'edragain etarra achtmadh a scéith
15'ga scathdhiden, ITS v 64.2 . ? ¤ odar: `derc' suil fri suairc
son | ┐ [d]erc in scathodhar (v.l.; scathobor `the mote', text),
RC xx 154.y ( ACC 4 Comm . ). ¤ uaimnech: nírbo coinne
sgíth-beg sgáth-uaimnech timorous, ML² 1903 . ¤ úaine:
tarraid a scíath scothamlach scáthūaine green-flashing,
20 Fianaig. 84.z . scathuaine, CF 251 .