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2 scíath n o,m., later also ā,f. Cf. in s. ¤ . . . ro noíseghedh ainm
dó la hUltu . . . bid imda broen derg tarse, BDD² 975 ff . s. ¤ . . .
co ngemaib óir furri, LU 10796 . m., IGT Decl. § 96 (130.11) .
10 f., § 39 (91.6) . Perh. same word as 1 scíath (in spite of Ped.
i 76 ).
(a) shield, buckler : fri nech tarsa tochuirther sciath, Ml.
22c1 . amal bid ho s. ¤ gl. ut scuto, 49d11 . cruindsciath (sic leg.),
Sg. 49b12 . scīath Dé | dom imditin, Hy. vii ( Thes. ii 356.14 ).
15, Laws v 310.4 . da ba ar sciathaib
(fee paid to a craftsman), 94.16 Comm . dubs. ¤ co calathbúali
findruni fair, LU 6297 (TBC). crands. ¤ odor iarndae fair, 7195
(BDD). di cailc na s. ¤ , 8203 (FB 15). gabtait a scíathu foraib,
8200 ( FB 15 ). laech as deach fil íar cúl scéith i tír Hérend,
20 BDD² 690 . co ro-gésetar scéith Ulad uile, CRR 35 . crunds. ¤ ,
TBC 5284 . sceldgur na s. ¤ cliss `der Schilde zum Kunstspiel',
3308 . rí . . . | go sgéith n-uaine, L. Cl. A. Buidhe 92.134 . bíthe
a rí ar sgáth do sgéithi, IGT Decl. ex. 1065 . sgéith dhatha ar
a ndromandaib, ex. 1132 . ina leibenn . . . lebar-shciath, MR
25 216.9 . ro chuireas a g-comhrainn mo sgéithe iad, Oss. iii
190.5 . fear iomchuir sgéithe Sauil, TSh. 2451 . Perh. battle-
ments of a castle in: a díol innigh fúithe fríoth | d'ingir go
madh dlúithe an sgiath, DDána 119.31 . As n.pr.: Sciath ┐
Scath, imtar da shiabar, IT iii 243.249 .
30In phrases: do-beir s. ¤ tar lorg do covers the retreat of, acts as
rearguard to
: do [f]oggradar d' Feargus sciath tar lorg do
thabairt do Ulltaib, RC xxxix 18.18 . tuc sciath tar lorg doib,
Acall. 2137 . dobertatar sciath dar lorg dar a n-eis, CRR 52 .
tuc sciath tar lorg do maithib Muman, ML² 274 . do-beir s. ¤
35fri s. ¤ do engages in combat with: dorat . . . P. sciath fri s. ¤ do
Hectoir, TTr.² 1175 . tucastar sciath fri sciath, CRR 45 .
buailid s. ¤ strikes the shield (as an act of defiance or encourage-
ment): sgiath an bhádha mar do bhual when He proclaimed
His love
, Aithd. D. 63.23 . sgiath Dé i n-uair ar n-anaghail | do
40bhuail sé fan seanfhalaidh God, when saving us, set at defiance
our original sin
, 65.36 . ag éisteacht re béim sgiath, Oss. iv
16.18 . ? consephnatar forsna scīathu, ZCP viii 105.9 . Cf.
Dinn. s.v. buaileam . lám (in) scéith the shield hand, the left
hand
(cf. 's a s. ¤ da leith chlíu, MU² 489 ): tadbaid a láim scéith
45 his left hand, BDD² 1527 . i cath is a cleith | dot lāim sceith
cen scīs, KMMisc. 266.z . is í so slighe ina ttáinig . . . .i. láimh
sgéith re Ráith Fhionnchaoimhe, Ériu viii 135.24 . do t-suided
Oilill ar gualainn sgeit[h] Medba at M.'s left, Celt. Rev. i 296. 11 .
tug an dara fecht leagadh ar laimh na sgeithe fa nasgail ar
50truaill an chloidhimh, Rel. Celt. ii 188.37 . fo óens.: dolotar
ina curaidh . . . i n-aoncomairli fo aonsciath d'orgain ina
cathrach together (?), Anecd. ii 50.15 .
(b) by metonymy fighting-man, warrior : cach sceith fri
creich, .i. cach aen ar a mbiadh sciath ar a scath, do neoch bus
55incomlaind (sic leg.), do dul ar in creich, Laws i 158.3 Comm .
(word om. before sceith?). ? comlín sciath is lann is laech, Ir.
Texts ii 34 § 23 . ro badh lugha iná céd scciath comhairemh
a throighteach, FM v 1748.8 .
(c) in fig. meanings protection, defence, safeguard : sciath
60Aitherni .i. aér ┐ glám dícend ┐ ailges, LL 187b2 (cf. RC xxvi
24.8 ). o chath-sciath na fírinde, PH 4851 . clár Cliach . . . |
fa sgiath dorcha druigeachta `under a dark veil of wizardry',
Ériu iv 222.24 . lá ar sgáth sgéith an dlighidh, L. Cl. A. Buidhe
156.83 . nó gur éirig áirdsciath áibnesa eturru ┐ cumha in
65degláich sin, Caithr. Thoirdh. 120.14 . an dream . . . do
ghlacadh faoi na sgéith `should be received into favour', Donl.
xiv 13 . sgiath an chreidimh, Eph. vi 16 .
(d) legal: muna be sgiath aga dhitin, Laws ii 58.10 Comm .
`unless there be some valid excuse protecting him', Plummer,
70 Ériu x 117 . atait secht fir-eberta . . . ┐ is doiligh uasal-sciath
ditin do thabairt tairsib, Laws v 290.26 Comm . , glossing secht
frithberta . . . ada andsum do ursciathu[d], 17 . s. ¤ .i. ditin, ut
est ata[t] .uii. frithberta i ndligid ada annsa do aurscíathadh,
O'Dav. 1413 .
75(e) metr., name of certain devices (addition and deletion of
letters, inversion, metathesis, etc.) permitted in order to
avoid faults in versification: is sead is sciath and cach baile i
mbí in locht ar dús ┐ in leasugad fa deoid, O'Don. 961 ( H. 3.17,
671 ). na ceithre fichet sceith ┐ gnuisi lesaigit iat, ┐ is slán
80dond filedh a ndénam re hécentaid (after list of faults), O'Don. 962
( H. 3.17, 672 ). ? faidh uile a Aimirgen abair .i. sciath cait inn
so, O'Don. 2195 ( Nero A vii 135b ). See Auraic. 1793 ff . , the
poem 1962 ff . and the exx. 5287 ff . is iat sin na da sciath deg,
2002 . is iat sin gnuisi is sceith | d'eicsib nochon at anfheigh,
85 2119 .
(f) of persons in sense of protector, guardian : cech nōeb . . . |
rop scīath dún diar nimdegail, Hy. i 20 . a sgiaith chogaidh
Chláir Banbha, Studies 1928, 266 § 2 . a sgiath coimhdhe
chuain Uladh, TD 3.44 . sgiath ar n-a fhothrogadh a hór
(Mary), PBocht 2.32 . bí sé na scéith don druing shiubh-
5luighios go hionnraic `he is a buckler', Prov. ii 7 . do ghabhas-sa
léi, mar scéith dom cheartchumhdach, Keat. Poems 77 .
See also under scadarc.
Compds. (a) with nouns: ¤ armgaisced accoutrements
(dvandva compd.?): comtis fir fo sciatharmgaisciud ré ṅdeo[d]
10lái (the dragons' teeth), LL 220b31 ( TTr. 261 ). ¤ bert defence,
protection
: éirghe na hÉireann le Dia na ngrás | 's a naomh-
chroch n-a scéithbheirt um fhiannaibh Fáil, Hackett xliii 102 .
¤ buiden armed band : dar Scadarc re sciathbuidin | doria
mac meic Muredaig, SG 373.9 . ? ¤ charaib ( ¤ chor?): con-
15uargabthar hídnai arda . . . uas sciathcaraib . . . na curad
`Schildränder', Alex. 9 . ¤ chró enclosure of shields : ro shui-
digset . . . sciathchro na sciath . . . for a cind, Alex. 712 .
¤ ergal: sciethergal n-etrocht n-ailenda . . . for ceactar na
teora ruadchaistel battle-array of shields (?) (of three warriors),
20 TBC 5593 (St.). ¤ fhál protecting wall : da Iacop cen fích |
sciath[fh]ál (sic leg.) ar mo scáth, KMMisc. 256 § 23 . ¤ gaisced
(dvandva compd.?): rosuidiged [corp] L. fo sciathgaisgiudh
`with his shield and spear', Dinds. 7 ( RC xv 281 ). ¤ lúirech
protective corselet (?): re scath-glaine a sciath-luirech, MR
25 184.5 . Fig.: 's í ar ar sgáth 'n-a sgiathlúirigh (Mary), DDána
49.5 .
(b) with adjj.: ¤ armach having shield and weapons. As
subst.: ocht cét sciatharmach, Acall. 556 . ¤ brecc having
speckled shields
: rogab in Scithia sciathbricc, LL 3b28 .
30 ¤ briste with broken shield: ina scceolangaibh sciathbriste,
FM vi 2058.3 . ¤ búan: Cenel C. . . . | romum i scainnir sciath-
buain `in the battle of strong shields', MR 162.25 . ¤ gel:
Scemel scíathgel of the bright shield, LU 1259 . ¤ glan having
a bright shield
: fri hingin Scoriath sciathglain, Rawl. 82b12 .
35 ¤ lethan having a broad shield: go Scáthaig sciathlethain,
TBC 4133 . bró sgiaithleathan sgoramhail, TD 16.50 . ¤ nár:
le Caithiss scerdha sciathnar, Ir. Texts i 56.17 . ¤ úaine
having green shields: re Scithecdaib scíath-úainib, Met. Dinds.
iii 276.12 . ¤ urlam: do erigh co scenbdha sciathurlamh with
40ready shield
, TBC p. 651 n. 3 .

3 scíath n(same word as 1 or 2 scíath) paddle or float of a mill-
wheel : cosmail fri mol muilind cona scíathaib, BDD² 794 .

scíathach adj o, ā (2 scíath) having a shield or shields : Dalo don
Scithia scíathaig `from Scythia of the shields', Met. Dinds. iii
45276.5 . do scoraib sciathcha scáthbricci, TBC 4024 . [C.] in scāl
scīathach, RC xxxvi 262 § 2 . do dhalta Scathchi sciathcha,
vi 183.28 . gaisgedhaig sciathaigh sgenaigh, Ir. Texts iv 36 § 3 .
lethanscīathach with broad shields, Bruchst. i 6 § 4 = IT iii
33 § 7 . ic Ath Chliach sciathach co scéim, RC xlvii 295.14 .
50? am ail for slēib scīathach, ZCP x 346 § 12 .

scíathaigid v(2 scíath) shields : scíathaigit ind ḟir eturru `shield
him between them
', RC xiii 464 § 72 `opposed a barrier of shields',
SG ii 359 .

scíathaire n io,m. (2 scíath) shield-maker: s. ¤ is fianaide féig, Met.
55Dinds. i 24.162 = sciathairi, Petrie Tara 148.y .

scíathán n o,m. (1 scíath) in bardic verse also sgíthéan. wing :
co fhásait sciathana forri, PH 7652 . ni bi ligdath na taitnem
na sciathanaib, YBL 85a22 . lí datha 'na n-eitib nách bí ná
scíathánaib, RC xxiv 379.10 . sgiathán eóin, TD 20.33 .
60 gnáthfhál dhamh sgáth a sgíthéan, DDána 24.30 . mór ainchir
ar sgáth do sgíthéin, PBocht 18.33 . aingeal go gcosaibh ┐ go
sgiathánaibh, TSh. 7622 . mo sgiathain do reóidh ream
thaoibh, Atlantis iv 132.31 . do bhí ar gach beathadhach . . .
sé sgitháin fá gcuáirt, Rev. iv 8 . Of the wing of an army: biad-
65sa . . . isin deghmedón . . . ┐ bididhse in dá brathchórugad oile
da gach táib . . . in bar sciathánaib, Caithr. Thoirdh. 40.39 .
Compd. ¤ glas: for tir Sachsan sciathanglas, IT iii 87.z .

scíathánach adj(scíathán) winged : ris a nuile éun sciathanach,
Ezek. xxxix 17 .

70 ? scíathar ind(cf. 2 scíath, scíathrach). In compd. only (name of
a shield): in Sciatharglan Senchada, Ériu iv 28.11 .

scíathga according to Content. Gloss. g s. of *scíathad, vn.
formation from 2 scíath: aithnidh dhamh . . . | na gaoi lé
n-iarrthaoi mh'amos | fios a sgiathgha ar a sgáth sin | i dtráth
75an iarrtha (sic leg.?) is aithnidh `I know the way to shield my-
self
', Content. viii 18 .

scíathlach xsee scíathrach.

scíathrach n ā,f. (2 scíath). Perh. orig. o,n., cf. d pl. scíathraigib.
Also d s sciathrach, MR 260.13 . sciathlach (n s.), Laws v
80310.32 Comm . Cf. scíathar.
Shield-strap : scíatrach argit (a metal fastening?), LU 10664 .
dobert in gilla scīathraig a scēith for a lāma, Ériu i 118.2 .
fo scīathraigib na scīath sin, Aisl. MC 67.26 . sciathrach scéith
do gabáil fó brágit, CRR 17 . sreangal na luireach ┐ na sciath
85┐ na sciathrach, CCath. 4654 . néll an tslóigh ó iath Oiligh | go
mbróin sgiath dha sgiathroidhibh, L. Cl. A. Buidhe 180.16 .
gur thuitsat scéith d'a sgíathruighibh, ITS v 24.19 (sciath-
rachaibh, 94.3 ). rē sciathrachaib, ML² 1074 .
Occas. also of the whole shield: fo scīathraigh Rīgh nime,
ZCP x 347 § 22 . imos cuirset cró sciatrach do sciathaib órda
5`Schildhag', Alex. 470 . Hence of warriors: bó gacha scciat-
raighi hi cCiarraighe `for every shield-strap (i.e. for every
warrior
)', Misc. Hag. Hib. 19 § 21 . M. mac F. | meic R. cetaibh
sciathrach, Ir. Texts iv 45 § 11 .