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tóir n i,ā,f. (? Originally disyllabic: Dia ar tooir, derbait
mail | ro delb cech cooir comlain, SR 1101. ) Vn. formation
10from *to-fo-reth-. fóir tóir táir, IGT Decl. § 42 . Later g s.
tórach, Caithr. Thoirdh. 143.10 . d s. toraig, ALC ii 118.15 .
Cf. fóir, fóirithin, tóirithin.
I (a) act of helping; help, assistance: tóir .i. fóirithin,
O'Cl. tūath tōir `Hilfe von Völkerstämmen,' Ält. Ir. Dicht.
15 i 29 § 28 . targa fortacht De for t. ¤ , SR 3631 . rí rosáer,
segda a t. ¤ , 7333 . ruc leis methil mogda móir, | mór a t. ¤
fri cobra cain, Met. Dinds. iii 380.10 . ní fúair t. ¤ ná tessar-
cain, iv 46.52 . torlach .i. luagh tóire dobeir fine dia tuisech
ar a t. ¤ , O'C. 121 ( H.3.18, 74a ). to thet chenel do thoir
20araile, O'C. 796 ( H.3.18, 370a ). suail na-tised toir, Ériu vii
227 § 63. acht cland da Conall iar coir | tall mar torand
dar toír treín, BB 45a2 . ? To this: othras .i. fo thoir ūais
.i. a thoir fo uaissle, Corm. Y 1035 . rop-sa mind ar tressa
t. ¤ | dia mba i cind mic Nessa náir, LL 150a27 .
25In phr. t. ¤ i n-éim (see 2 éim) timely help: is teóir (tóir,
v.l.) i neim a derb-chomalta ... cid teoir i neim duitsiu é,
ní ba teóir anéim dúnni, TBC 2970 . dom ficibsa cobuir
cōir | fo bithin is tōir a n-ēimh, ZCP x 47.22 . ba toir aneimh
dhósomh ... an lucht sin, Hugh Roe 290.z .
30In phr. fri t. ¤ as assistance (often used as cheville): ros
mathig fri toir uas dinn | cathir coir fa gabulrind, SR 6663 .
cia dobertha dam frim th. ¤ | a ben cét n-unga ṅdergóir,
6033 . batar hili slóig a scuir | fri t. ¤ don tabernacuil, 4580 .
in lind fria toir as cech maig | doḟuc doib asind ailig, 4067 .
35 in ri rofáidi fri t. ¤ , | do chlannaib aibni Iacóib, 3825 . cid
canat tonna, toirm trén | cen nach lén lonna fri t. ¤ , 7898 .
secht míli trénfer fri t. ¤ | ructha i mbrait ṁBabilóin, 7205 .
nibtar foichligthi fri t. ¤ | ro cro[i]chligthi fo chetóir, 3557 .
fri t. ¤ a mmuintire, AU i 434.14 = do foirithin, FM ii 588.16 .
40 Cf. rí rosáer fri treba tóir, SR 7317.
(b) armed help, reinforcement; host: ní fuil do thoír
nā do thinōl 'na farrad acht hē féin ina aonar, ZCP xiii
234.2 . ro curit techta ... uathib, do thinol toreach ┐ socraidi
cucu, Cog. 150.18 . is mile fer rob e a thoir (: nglōir), Ériu
45 viii 14.33 . do-chímse nach teann bhar dt. ¤ | gleann an
bhróin an tír-se i [dtáir], DDána 45.2 . riasan t. ¤ ndeidenaigh,
FM ii 588 17 . dochuaid Cormac ... 'na toir ┐ 'na thinol,
Ann. Conn. 1247.7 .
(c) pursuit to rescue a `creach'; pursuing party: tusa an
50chreach deisidhe ... ┐ as misi an toir, ZCP x 285.x . dorinne
doraidh (leg. tōraig) maith, dar fhasto moran do'n creich,
AU ii 464.3 . M. ... do mharbhadh i toraigheacht na ccreach
... ┐ brathair do Mac an Mileadh do ghabhail don toraigh
iaromh, FM iii 556.19 . cur gabsat crecha mora ┐ airgne,
55┐ toir mor do breith forra, Ann. Conn. 1306.4 . nacham don
t. ¤ ná don chreich, Content. xvi 3 . ní gaol creiche ciomhsa
a dtíre | Teallach nEachach, anba an t. ¤ , Studies 1939,
635.27 . ní hí an chreach atá gan t. ¤ , Aithd.D. 84.26 . ó
ghabhais le h'ais an chreach 'sgur bhuinis í dhon t. ¤ , Hackett
60 xxiv 21.
II (a) pursuit: ōtá sein ba tolgda in t. ¤ | co Inber Colptha
achētóir, Fianaig. 48.13 . feinnigh cró fa tenn ar toir, LL
394.43 . ba gein gleccach fri cech t. ¤ `on every chase,' Met.
Dinds. ii 14.50 . táir dá gach leith ina lenmhain | táin dá
65breith a mbernaidh bhig, IGT Decl. ex. 1158 . rug a chraísech
chráebh n-uaine | taísech úaine a táebh thóire, ex. 1205 .
trom an t. ¤ ar dhamh ndroibhéil | sagh coiléir óir í Alúin,
ex. 934 . ní bhéaraidh ar mhnáibh da moille | táir ar
bhféaghain chloinne Céin, TD 29.7 . béaraidh t. ¤ ar fhuil
70Ádhaimh, Aithd.D. 88.31 . leadarthach na ladrann gan
tlás le t. ¤ , Hackett xviii 21 . ar saoradh uadha gan eagla
tóra, Mac Aingil 87.14 . i dt. ¤ in pursuit: imda ríograd
imma lecht | rop líonmar oc techt nár t. ¤ , SG 389.30 . Hence
on account of: doghni neamhchlú a dtug na t. ¤ | don róimh
75rug a ghealchnú uaidh, ITS xiii 130.4 (O'Bruadair). téit
i dt. ¤ pursues: do ghlac Pilib Ruadh ... cead a Choronel ...
dul i dt. ¤ ar a' námhuid, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 48.11 .
(b) pursuing party, pursuers: doróich in tíarmóracht
forro ... dobeir Cu Chulaind tafond for in t. ¤ , LU 10464 .
80 doroich in toir uile for M., IT ii2 229.64 . re truim línmuire
na tora, ALC i 572.23 . rucadar orra co toir rotruim ┐ ...
do iompódar aran toraigh ... ┐ do marbadur triur ... don
tóraidh, AU iii 436.6 . a chóir is é ar n-a oighidh | oidhir
Dé t. ¤ a tabhaigh, DDána 47.3 . teann t. ¤ ga mbí baránta,
85 Aithd.D. 65.28 . tú an t. ¤ is tinne n-a leanmhain, 97.31 .
tug gur th. ¤ ort an t-éinḟear | déineamh smóil do ghort
Ghaidheal, IGT Decl. ex. 1747 . a richt na tóra do marbadh
uili iat, Celt. Rev. iv 114.7 . do deired na tóra, Caithr.
Thoirdh. 142.34 . re fuigell na tórach, 143.10 . méad na
tóire sin do bhi 'n-a diaidh, Keat. iii 1021.
5(c) persecution: le dlighthibh na nGall tug scannradh
ar Bhanba is t. ¤ , ITS iii a 108.8 (O'Rahilly).
III (a) act of having recourse to: t. ¤ sgol ar an mbéinne
mban, DDána 103.6 . an bhean fa trom t. ¤ `of great retinue,'
PBocht 5.35 . cách andeas dá toigh 's adtuaidh | gá feas
10nach foil ar a t. ¤ , Aithd. D. 1.31 . ní t. ¤ mná gan mhuiridhin,
65.12 . saobh gan t. ¤ ar theagh gcuiridh, 71.24 . ar cneidh
na cíghe atá t. ¤ , 100.13 . deaghthóir a ghoine acht go ngluais,
58.19 .
(b)? am scíth, am triamuin cach th. ¤ | for iarair mac
15n-Iacoib, SR 3099 . ? mairgg cend hi tabair lind loír |
mairg théit co dend fo th. ¤ , LL 163 margin . ? fa mba lasm-
bess det oc tōir | dilgud mōr ar monar sōaill, ZCP x 46 § 7 .
? beid ar Mhumhain na dt. ¤ dtroim | aibhne dúthchasa
Domhnoill, A. Ó Dálaigh lii 43. ? fuairis gliaidh is t. ¤ 'mun
20troid, Dán Dé xxix 22 . ? an aicme thrír atá i nDia | treise
ná t. ¤ is roilia, DDána 60.5 .

? toirbe x(perhaps some compd. of benaid): in tiur[r] mo
lāim do gach crēcht | fo brū tuinde t. ¤ bārc, ZCP x 46 § 7.

toirblesgad n[u, m.] rattling, rumbling: le roithrem a charbad,
25agus lé toirbhlesgadh a roithlén, Jer. xlvii 3 . roithreim
` rushing .' toirbhlea[s]gadh `rat[t]ling,' Eg. Gl. 524.

1 toirche xsee toirge.

2 toirche, toirchid xsee do-roich.

toirchim, toirthim xsee tairthim.

30 ? toireth ind tángadar apstail na hErenn ... do chantain a
tráth gan t. ¤ (: Coimet), SG 27.22 .

? toirg vb. 3 s. pr.: cid us dech do biud? ... ... Blicht ...
to[i]rg nāidin, foloing dimlichta `sie nährt das Kind, sie
erhält den Altersschwachen
,' ZCP xiii 272.25 . Cf. altrum
35.i. oll toiroigu em, Laws ii 150.8 Comm.

toirge n[iā,f.? cf. éirge.] vn. of 2 do-érig. Also toirche,
torge. act of migrating: ata a tuirim ┐ a taiririud ┐ a t. ¤ la
cach, Cymm. xiv 134.14 . acuis t. ¤ na nDéise, Ériu iii 135.1 .
imba sessach imba seng | imba fressach (? leg. tressach)
40torgib drong, RC xiii 272.8 . Cf. ZCP x 46 § 9 . issed cétamus
fochond toirgi Cīarraigi ┐ na cethri nArad ... co Mumain,
ZCP viii 305.17 . di thorgib tuath trom, 307.14 . de quabsis
(leg. causis) torchi Corco Ché, 19 . acuis torge Corco Ché, 21 .
coica toirgi lasna Deisi; a cúic fichet ┐ dib tarthatar raind,
45inna cūic fichet aile ni tharthatar raind `had fifty migrations
i.e. consisted of fifty migratory peoples
' (MacNeill, PRIA
xxix C 63.1 ), Ériu iii 140.155 . coeca toirgi lasna Dessib,
Cymm. xiv 122.6 . drem tarnocht gu fūacht foirfe | a
n-ifrinn dub gun toirche escape , ZCP xii 389.34 . iar dtoirche
50na bhfear tar Féil | seacham go soithche bollstéir, ITS
xiii 150.17 (O'Bruadair).

toiriach xsee tairriachad.

tóirithin vn. formation from *to-fo-reth-, cf. tóir. act of
helping, saving, rescuing: dommair fíado .i. tí dom tórithin,
55 Hy. vi 16 . donfair .i. done ar toridin, 5.91 . berar iat uile
for a doirithin uais bid ocus lega, Laws iii 356.4 Comm.
In phr. i dt. ¤ to the aid of: air i toirithin Mac Con robai side
┐ i toirithin Eogain robadar-som, BB 251a21 . morsocraite
in domain ... dodechatar i toirithin Poimp, CCath. 5694 .
60 na hanmanna urchoideacha tuccsat Gregaigh ina ttoirithin
dochum an tuir, Leb. Gab. 82.16 . an forlíon slóigh do
riachtattar i tt. ¤ na ngall, FM vi 2254.19 .

tóirithnech adj o, ā (tóirithin) helpful, relieving: muinter .i.
muin-toir .i. māin toirithnech do neoch, Corm. Y 931 . is
65ria sin do berar in gell toirichnech .i. gell da screpall fri
diguin ocus turgabail, Laws i 216.15 Comm. tuircrec ...
is do rér in caich is céle íctur a crec toirithnech, O'Don.
518 ( H.3.17, col. 421 ).

tóirithnigid v g (tóirithin) helps, relieves: toirichnigh Ere
70in breo | ocus Alba dhainech dhó, Lism. L 761 . impe
thoirithnis (leg. thoirithnigcs, Herm. xlvi 8 § 9 ) cach araile
iman altoir, O'Dav. 1122. na torbenat .i. nocha toirich-
niget ni do neoch in uair sin, Laws i 190.14 Comm. athair
.i. ... ada nos toirithnigenn, ii 346 n. 1 . ? Vn. to this: a
75etach .i. urlam, no o bias ina snath urlam he iar na thoirith-
niugad di o laim da snim, ii 372.18 Comm.

toirléim, toirleimnech xsee tairléim, etc.

toirm, tairm n i,f. (Earlier torm, tarm, u,n.: torm ndil,
SR 7821 . g s. torma, torme (sic leg. with MSS.), Immrama
80 88 § 28 , 90 § 46 .) toirm tairm, IGT Decl. § 14 (p. 69.4) .
I (a) sound: co cloisind torm na tond tana | forsna
cairrge, ZCP v 496 § 4 . sephain cogrinn ceol (sic leg.) ṅglain
ṅgil, | bái a th. ¤ dind fo secht nimib, SR 2160 . golaīs íarom,
ba torm diartain, Immrama 62 § 75 . binnither t. ¤ tét
85n-umi, Ériu iv 96.3 .
(b) noise, tumult, trampling: is and sin bias tairm adbul
... na n-anmand nglan ic céimnigud for deis a rrig, LU 2464 .
metighter tairm tuinni treni i n-aimsir robarta ... seselbe
na sochaidhe, TBC 5610 . tairm ocus glor na sochaide do
cloistin, Laws iii 202.7 Comm. co t. ¤ rig ┐ co seisselbe
5sochaide, RC xxi 154.8 . adbal gáir | la t. ¤ teglaig co trom-
gráin, TFerbe 908 . ni torm teglaig domeso, Anecd. i 14.11 .
ba trombalc a tairm, Todd Nenn. 142.4 . fá lán talamh
dhá thairm agas dhá threathan, ML 94.13 . as mór tra an
t. ¤ ┐ an fothrom baoi eturra, TFrag. 190.x . gabtar cassa
10na n-each ann sinn ... bátar gan tsegh gan tairm tra, SG
26.20 . le tairm ngreagh srianbhuidhe seang, TD 8.6 .
tairm na néal, foghar na n-uile ainmhidhe, Studies 1932,
142 § 17 . t. ¤ gan treise, O'Gr. Cat. 556.16. Hence shock (?):
sceinnis a chridi ... immar th. ¤ tuinne trethan-glassi ra tír,
15 CRR 12.17 . ni thainic riam tairm catha bud mó inas in
cith dluithsnechta ro fear ann, RC xxiii 418.5 .
II report, fame: is glae thegdais, tórm rochlos, Thes. ii
292.17 . hi sídfhlaith ind altair | i mbí t. ¤ cech thempuil,
Fél. May 10 . t. ¤ .i. molad, O'Dav. 1575. is éol dam ainm
20cach fir eím | a blad a thairm im thig thíar, LL 32a47 .
oenmac mná, ba t. ¤ truagi, | ba marb do bidc oenúaire,
SR 7169 . fogur tuinni t. ¤ Noisi | ba ceol bind a bithchlóisi,
IT i 78.25 . a thairm ┐ a clu, CCath. 333 . lan da tairm
Teamhair Mide, Skene, Celtic Scotland iii 454 19 . ainm
25uathi for tuind na tarma | dia sluind co calma iar n-a crad,
RC xlvii 293.5 . ba t. ¤ troch riana thrágud, Met. Dinds. iii
412.31 . ní súail in tairm in tescul | ó fúair gairm is glan-
gestul, 348.19 . desin atá, ni tairm tó | senchas Locha
Léin iar ló, 264.49 . Fúat mac Bregoin ... | ba t. ¤ dar tíre
30treboind, iv 164.34 . ail forsn-dessid a thairm tricc | rolen
a ainm in aird-licc, 224.35 . mór tairm na bláithe buige |
binn fogar na caemchruite, SG 108.25 . teid a thairm na
tairm teinn-mhir, Top. Poems 84.11 . a bhuga as báthadh
dá ttairm, Ériu v 54.3 . acht giodh teann tairm a n-iom-
35ráidh, Arch. Hib. i 96 § vi . Common in chevilles: t. ¤ ṅglan,
SR 2033 . t. ¤ trén, 7897 . tarm trén, 5961 . torm tenn, 6771 .
? muinntear Baidhbh ina boithrind | mar gach tairm
in Lochlaind lēir, Ériu x 84 § 77 . fear do tsil Erimoin
uasail, | oirrdric Tigearnach in tairm, 85 § 81 . maidm
40locha Érne cen ail | tairm dar trocha rathócaib, Met. Dinds.
iii 462.28 . mod táire, ní tairm cen taig, ii 68 31 .
Compds. ¤ chles noise-feat (cf. torannchles): tairm-cles
nónbair .i. cles cait ┐ cles cúair, LU 9288 . ¤ chloth great
renown: tarmclotha in tigernais, MR 248.z . -chonflicht
45 noisy conflict: loc do i tharmconflicht rolatar genti ann
fri Patraic, O'Don. 10 ( H.3.17, col. 10 ). ¤ chres noisy
shaking: la na ttairmcres .i. isin la in a mbia an ttairm-
criotnughadh ar crechedh an aeoir, Leb. Gab. 130 n. 4 .
¤ chrith trembling, quaking, rumbling: tuitid na tiaga ...
50Sochait uili frisin tair[m]crith sin na leabar, Fél. 198.26 .
tarmcrith nime ┐ talman, KMMisc. 144.26 . táinic t. mór
┐ torannchles ... isin cathraigh, SG 30.27 . t. mor do thiacht
'san aidheor, AU iii 624.4 . ¤ chrithnaigid trembles loudly,
rumbles: gur ob suaill nar tharm-chrithnaig in talam fa
55a thraigthib (of the approach of a warrior), MR 196.2 .
Vn.: isin lá in a mbia an ttairmcriotnughadh ... .i. lá
an braith, Leb. Gab. 130 n. 4 . ¤ chruaid noisy and hard:
co tracht portaib tarmchruaide, MR 106.1 . da tren redg
... tarm-cruaidi, 298.16 . ¤ gáeth noisy wind: ar tren-
60cheathaib ... tarmgáithe, MR 236.20 . 1 ¤ gal noisy fighting:
ri abhaisibh na n-arracht ri tarmgail na trogan, LL 409a20 .
2 ¤ gal noise and steam: tarmgal na troimt[h]einedh, ZCP
viii 212.5 . ¤ gríth noisy vigour (cf. airmgríth): re tairmgrith
a trenfher, MR 190.22 . ¤ nime: dom chaomhna ar teinidh
65thairmnimhe, Aithd.D. 76 19 . ¤ thren noisy and strong :
eass ... tairmtren, MR 104.12 .
Cf. tairim.