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toirse n iā, f. Originally toros, ā, f., cf. cenon molid cenon
airid, ni tabir uáil na toris fornn, Wb 16a1 . is bron ┐ is
toros mor leosom, RC xxi 276 n. 12 . i sníomh nó hi torus,
50 Hugh Roe 286.6 . Later also toirrse, tuirse, tuirrse.
(a) sorrow, pain: ni do thabirt toirse fuiribsi gl. non ut
contristemini, Wb 14d14 . conid apthatar dá fher déc ... la
coí ┐ torsi, TBFr.² 107 . nachas ragbad torsi día chessadsom,
LU 2312 . bá torsi lessi inna mná aile ... iat side oc breith
55clainne, 4236 . torsi ac mnaib aníar, LU 9873 . rodascrin
cen choimsi cruth | roslín toirsi is derchainiud, SR 3400 .
duba dian ┐ t. ¤ 8166 . i nnoebi cen sirthoirsi, 8383 . fail
ann cen toirsi didnad | fail soilsi cen ṡirdibad, 481 ,
torsi .i. tor gach tromm .i. tromsi hī, Corm. Y 1239 . bāi
60Bricriu ... thīar ina thor (.i. toirsi) iar mbrisiud a chind,
TBC² 3653 . gorta luindi ┐ tairrsi ┐ galra, YBL 158a28 .
a ingnais is torsi dam, IT i 80.9 . coma[d] comdīdnad torsi
doibsium, BColm. 96.9 . fó brón ... ┐ bithtorsi, LL 228a24 .
cu mboi slicht tóirsi for a n-aigthib, PH 983 . ro-atchius a
65ainm fris cu torrsi, 495 . bith a fhis agat co fuil in aithrighi
fhirindeach ina tri codacha .i. a toirrsi in chroidhi ..., ITS
xxix 178.3 . atorchair gudha ┐ toirrsi Megera, St. Ercuil
560 . rola gudha ┐ toirrsi ┐ tromgheran hi, 1264 . mor do
derfadaig ┐ tuirrsibh ┐ guba dogniset, BB 491b23 . ba mor
70do cnetaib ┐ toirrsibh ┐ sirechtaib rolaiset, 444a52 . innus co
ndechaidh a toirrsi ┐ a truaghneimeile don aes gaeta, St.
Ercuil 1616 . na trí deóra toirrsi, ML 80.4 . na déna toirsi,
TFrag. 30.22 . iar sníomh is iar dtuirrsi dtroim, Keat. i
210.8 . biaidh i dtoirrse `in tristitia erit,' TSh. 7926 . an
75la-sain ... | do innis dá asbulaibh | gur ghar na dochairse
dhó | do ghabh rothuirrse rompa, Dán Dé xx 5 . adhbhal
truime do th. ¤ | uille a hadhbhar agaibhse, Studies 1918,
381 § 7 . Considered as a sin: ferg, toirsi, snimche, PH
8034 . tristitia .i. tuirse, ZCP iii 27.7 . nōin fri haigid n-
80accoba[i]r ... esparta ... fri toirsi timm, vi 271 § 3 .
(b) As vn.: act of sorrowing, complaining: ic torsi moir
ocus icc snímche, IT i 126.13 . fecais ind cendaig for qúi
┐ torrsi, Mons. Tall. 150.31 . ag caí ┐ ag tuirrsi, BCC 238.15
boi oc toirsi truim ann, PH 812 . is ann-sin tra batar ...
85hi timchell na crochi oc toirsi truaig, 2911 . do gab ag
tuirsi uime, ML² 293 . is ed roraid-si, ┐ si ac toirrsi, TTebe
3453 . dá mhnaoi oile ag tuirrse tríd, Dán Dé iii 15 . a
dhluthchros fa dtú ag tuirrse, DDána 65.2 . oc t. ¤ ┐ occ
derghabha go dermair, BNnÉ 318.9 .
(c) In phr. gaibid t. ¤ (fri) grows vexed (with), tired (of):
5 gabais toirsi, Laws 74.1 . rogab tra ferg ┐ tursi firu h-Erend
re trumma in chísa, LL 6a49 = ITS xxxix 124.1 . ra gab a
cenél féin torsi rempu, TTr.¹ 436 . Cf. nó co ticced toirrse
in chúicedaig friu ar méd an fearainn do súightís chucu,
SG 36.18 . éireochaidh fós fearg an Airdríogh | gach abhann
10chiúin budh cuan mear | re cách an tann tiocfa a thoirrse,
Dán Dé xxxi 30.
(d) weariness, fatigue: is é do chifither gan crich ... agus
molfaidhthear gan toirrsi, ITS xxix 192.28 (= sine fatiga-
tione laudabitur, 70.26 ). óir toirrsigter cómcengal na mball
15daenda isna haislingthibh ... gen gob fírindech co sír an
toirrsi sin, De Contempt. 948 . féach nach mothaighionn
an crábhadh fíre cur ná tuirsi, Desiderius 1424 .

tóirse n io,m. (Eng. torch) torch: lampaidhe, torsuidhe,
tapair, Luc. Fid. 211.10 . go ttōirsigibh comhlasta ciera,
20 Fl. Earls 98.5 . amhuil tóirsi teineadh, Zech. xii 6.

toirsech adj o, ā (toirse). Also toirrsech, tuirsech, tuirrsech.
(a) sorrowful, grieved: na ba th. ¤ cia beosa hi carcair,
Wb 29d19 . nitam t. ¤ gl. non angustiamur, 15b21 . arnapat
toirsich dim chuimregaibsi, 26d21 . fiad na sluagaib ...
25truagaib tursig, SR 3452 . bethu brónach bith-t. ¤ , 8357 .
bá torsech Mugain deside, LU 4235 . i[t] torsig thrá ┐ it
búadartha na pecdaig, 2070 . baitir toirsich de, Arch. iii
20.11 . cid do-t-gní torsech dobbrónach, CRR 3 . badar
toirrsig na braithri deisein, air ni fuaradur inadh da cum-
30dach na heaguilsi, RC xlvi 226.z . ro-choi co serb torr-
sech, PH 606 . go hadhbha ttuirsigh (: luingsin) tTailltean,
Studies 1921, 74 § 9 . a bhuime do bhí tuirrseach | 's gan
í uime amhuirseach, Dán Dé xx 38 . air mbeith dham go
tromdha tuirseach, Donl. 288.9 .
35(b) grievous, violent: Loingsech ... ba t. ¤ i cath Choruind,
LL 133a5 . airm troma toirrsecha a fer, TTebe 1955 . tar
cladhuib troma tuirseacha na trethan, ML² 690 . tucastair
C. tulgān toirrsech ann don manaís ... boí i n-a lāim, 1240 .
(c) fatigued, tired: co mbatar scita toirsig, BB 432b12 .
40 o robtar toirsigh ... fir Muman, FM ii 974.6 . an tan bhíd
tuirseach ó bheith ag feitheamh ghnúise ... an diabhail,
TSh. 1974 . ag briseadh a chroidhe go beith tuirseach nó
sgíothach dhó, 6208 .
Compar.: isam toirrsigi-si tar eis mo tigerna ina cach
45duine, TTebe 3984 .

toirsechán n o, m. (toirsech) sorrowful one, wretch: a thrú
agháin, a thuirseacháin, Buile Ṡ. 72.7 .

toirsemail adj i (toirse) sad, gloomy: Goll tuirseamhail na
mbéimionn, Oss. iii 158.2 .

50 toirsigid v g (toirse).
I Intrans. (a) becomes sad, grieves: toirsigid ┐ cnet-
aigi[d], Laud 610, fo. 30c . ma fo ēge (sic leg.) nammā,
mani tairsaige `nicht niedergeschlagen ist,' ZCP xv 350.5
(b) grows tired, tires: a ḟir benas clocc 'na trāth | mōr in
55ceō benaid do chāch | atāit sluaig ac ētsecht ris | at truaig
ge rothuirrsigis, Arch. iii 233.19 . ba solus in grian ar sin ... |
suairc in scel, ni tairrsig trell | dar soillsigh Iarasalem,
YBL 170a25 .
II Trans. (a) saddens, grieves: cuire ... do thuirrsigh uile
60Éirinn, DDána 107.5 . tuirsighter: an radharc o'n duibhi
... an teistecht o'n fhoghur gér trom is irritated , O'G. Cat.
277.34. isé rom toirsigh im treibh, Anecd. ii 27 § 22.
(b) fatigues, tires: an tan thuirsighthear san urlaidhe é, TSh.
6210 . uch, uch, do thursa tu sinn ag leimeadh o pholl go
65poll, Luc. Fid. 324.15 . Reflexive: rostorsig in lucht
coimēta, Aisl. MC 25.21 . gurob gu diomhaoín do thuirsigh
mé mé féin rib, Gal. iv 11.
Vn. toirsiugud.

toirsiugud n u, m. vn. of toirsigid. (a) act of growing tired,
70 wearying: arna toirrsiugud do leith for leith don chogad,
SG 63.33 . iar toirsegud ... cechtar n-ai diar aile, Cog.
58.x . fer adhuathmur do na Padanachaibh ar na thoirr-
siughadh don chath, ITS xix 82.3 . a tursugud ... .i. toirsi
in tsenorach, O'Dav. 1044. (b) act of fatiguing, tiring:
75 conid gus la cach duine a tursughud, O'Dav. 1044. in
lucht diarb ail toirisimh i Sigil arna toirrsiugud a tir do
thir, Aen. 1214 . slat bhoisleabhar ón mBóinn mir | dá
thoirseaghadh d'fhóir Oiligh, DDána 75.42 .

toirt n f. (Originally tort, n.? cf. lamtort n-irgala, infra.).
80(a) weight, mass; pile, heap : lamtort n-irgala `Armes-
wucht des Kampfes
,' Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 22 § 2 . ro-thinól dīn-t. ¤
tachtai | na línbroit, na hanartai, SR 5971 . co tuititis ina
tortib tamnaigthib, CCath. 3597 . ina tortuib tamnai[g]thi
┐ ina mēidhib móilderga, Fianaig. 94.15 . tentide dar
85medón cuirp | talman tene na throm-thuirt, PRIA xvi
230 § 2. Of a fire: fogníd in cech throm-thuirt te | tene
longphuirt is longse, Met. Dinds. iii 332.23 . roscí rí Cuilt,
in curaid, | ina thuirt 'sin trom-thulaig, iv 236.32 . t. ¤
teinneadh treathanmhóire ar bhfadughadh, Oss. iii 76.2 .
(b) crowd: tuirt mor do maithib ... i na thimchell co
5dluith, Alex. 65. (c) size, bulk: muicín na muc | nior
mhór a t. ¤ , Ir. Texts i 25 § 3 . an trat is mor a solus as bec
a t. ¤ ar a fad uainn, Ir. Astr. Tr. 96.y . dar leat ni mō nā
tort choncruinne luaithe do bhí aige, Feis TC 990 . t. ¤ an
teagaisg Chríosduighe se, Donl. iv 2 . thosuigh sé ag caith-
10eadh leó gur mharbh sé tort cruaiche féir, GJ vii 107b44 .
(d) form, image: do bhrígh nach baoghlach ... go nadhar-
fuid ... na Críosduighthe t. ¤ no cosamhlacht aoinneithe
`image,' Donl. 58.17 . (e) t. ¤ (i) esteem, regard (for): nochan
fuil t. ¤ ann festa | acht gurub seng gasta a roba, BNnÉ 145
15xii 7 . beg sníma isin saoghalsa | mór a th. ¤ na thigerna,
SG 18.19 .
? an óigi atú isin t. ¤ (troid, v.l.) | ní móidi is dú ina (mo,
v.l.) díboirt, IGT Decl. ex. 1192.
Compds. ¤ buillech of heavy blows: ar claidbib tromma
20tortbullecha, TBC 3699 . cath Tlachtga ba tortbuillech,
RC xxix 212 § 9 . doghabh a chlaidhemh trom tortbhuillech,
128 § 37. tarb-chodnach ... tortbuillech, MR 254.8 . ¤ ḟlaith
strong prince (?): maic Rechtada Rigderg tortflaith, Alban,
Rawl. 148b13 . ? ¤ gabáil: Fíachra ... Tort ... is hésiden
25cétbaronas tortgabáil Conailli Murthemne, ZCP viii 320.31
=Fiachu Tuirtri .i. tort ríi, ar is leis cētnarosnas torgabail
Conailli, Rawl. 141a5 . Leg. targabáil. ¤ gal heavy battle,
tumultousness: tortgal ocus tuaith- t. belach na troch,
MR 316.25 . á tortgail tindenais ocus a tuisleadaig tuaithbil,
30 318.3 . See turtgal. -rí. See -gabáil.