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toisc n i,f. Later also tosccadh, FM vi 2214.15 , cf. O'Gr.
15Cat. 12.11. a pl. toscai, Fél. July 19 .
(a) need, necessity: co nderna cech ball anas t. ¤ dialoiliu,
Wb 12b6 . amal as t. ¤ fri biathad na forcitlaide ł. amal as
t. ¤ fri foirbthetid caingníme, 31d17 . ní grammatic tantum
as t. ¤ do deimnigud as vera disciplina, Thes. ii 7.25 . di cach
20rét bas t. ¤ dó iter brat ┐ biad, Ériu vii 164.2 . ni acallta nech
co mba fri t. ¤ , ZCP iii 29.37 .
(b) wish, desire: t. ¤ limm fer oínsetche dunarructhae
act oentuistiu, Thes. ii 241.9 . t. ¤ .i. uoluntas hominis. Nach
ni iarom is adlaic ┐ is laind la duine, is ed isbeir is t. ¤ (.i. is
25tol dam), Corm. Y 1201 . trí cóicait diliu toscaib `thrice
fifty (psalms) dearer than (other) works
,' Ériu iii 98 § 17 .
ni fuil mo th. ¤ armotha | acht airm no dot-faccursa, RC
xiv 402.8 . dorignius ní bad t. ¤ dam, Met. Dind. iv 246.75 .
fri t. ¤ sóid `with desire of good cheer,' ii 78.15 . naemh seanchas
30naem Ínsi Fail | d'eolchaib is t. ¤ a togbail, BB 229b23 .
atbert in ben ┐ in sacart nat roibi a t. ¤ na ndis leisin isin
tír ngentlighi, Ériu v 156.172 . is ed ro ráidset, nach roibi
a th. ¤ accu a dénum, Mer. Uilix. 104.
(c) In phr. óen-t. ¤ d'óen-t. ¤ purposely: dochótar corici
35Thrói, óentoisc do décain Hectoir, TTr.² 1093 . dias sain
de fennedaib ... forroeglass d'óen t. ¤ o Ailill ┐ o M., TBC
4389 . dula d'aentoisg dar a cenn, Laws iii 422.5 Comm.
coiléin óga do bheathughadh d'aon-toisg i gcomhair chorp
na marbh do chognamh ┐ do chraos-longadh, TSh. 5707 .
40 a hablach tá dá stracadh as a chéile | ag madraidhibh
Sacsan go cealgach d'aontoisc, ITS iii 8.36 .
(d) quest, errand; business: adfíadat dó a t. ¤ ┐ a n-imre-
sain immá tudchatar, LU 8998 . airgid a dochum. Eprid
frie for t. ¤ , TBFr.² 396 . is í so ar t. ¤ -ne cucut, CCath. 1665 .
45 ni fil t. ¤ nach duine frinn, 3329 . in fitir tusa ca t. ¤ aile risa
tangamarne dot insaigid, Acall. 5793 . lúath a lám ac
letrad chrand | is é cét-fer diarbo th. ¤ , whose business it was,
Met. Dinds. iii 380.7 . corbí a t. ¤ d'iarraidh maithme na
Boromha, RC xxvii 296 § 59 . rofetar-sa do t. ¤ ... .i. do
50saerud P., TTebe 3716 . bidh am umhal-sa frisin t. ¤ sin,
Lism. L. 2965 . 'sgam samhlughadh re damh | as diomh-
aoin toisg san eadradh, Content. xvi 6 . a ócclaigh De,
as mallaighthi do thoiscc chuccain, BNnÉ 67.31 . do imtigh
gach nech dibh le na toiscc fein .i. Decclán do cum nEreann
55┐ Patruicc do chum na Romha, ITS xvi 18.6 . la taeb
na toscasin do do chuaid Sinon, Aen. 484 . dorachainn
leisin t. ¤ ┐ leisin techtairecht-sin, ZCP vi 58.16 . Also in pl.
ceilebras iarsin don inghin ┐ do indis a thosca , Ériu iii
164 § 20. `is fír' ar sí `is iat sin do thosca,' ib. do chuaid
60... re toiscaib dethbhiri amac necessary business, Laws i
196.18 Comm. do cuadur re toscu deithbere, ii 32.1 Comm.
fecht oén da tánic Semplán sacart ... do Licc na Sinnach
ri toscib, LL 353a69 = fria dethbhirius, LB 22a2 . tiagair
dia tochmurc uadha .i. na secht ṅDuinn, is iad dochuaid
65frisna tósca sin, ZCP xiii 198.10 . is eimilt do Thigerna
romat ┐ tanacc-sa cugad ... ┐ ni he na filet toscai eimilt
ele acum `wearying business,' Ir. Texts i 44.3 . roferat mo
thechta tosca co C., Comp. Con C. 7.23 . comēt dam mo
chossa ... | nā digset i fosta | fri tosca cen tarba, ZCP vi
70259.26 . co ndeachaid cach dib fri tosga a lethi, RIA MSS
Series iii 178.22 . ind h-uair do chuiris-se mese ris na toscaib
sin, YBL 150a31 . do chuaidh gach aon aca re a dtoisgibh
agus re a d-tuarasaibh féin, ML 26.23 . ro innis a thosca ┐
a techtairecht, ZCP vi 274.9 .
75(e) military expedition: t. ¤ do denum doibh ar lucht
Muighi Luirg, AU ii 528.11 . Dungal ... doríndi t. ¤ a Toraigh
┐ t. ¤ aile a n-Inis Cuirenn righe, cor airg ..., RC xvii 236.26 .
t. ¤ longsi do denam do Pilip Mag Udir co Loch Uachtair,
Ann. Conn. 1369.12 . toisg seabhaic fo minéanuib, Duan.
80Finn. i 13.31 . do mothaigetar glé-lasracha a thoisce do'n
turas sin, Caithr. Thoirdh. 26.1 . táinic M. ... t. ¤ toirtimech
drochamail d'fios Í Briain, 58.16 .
(f) journey: duine doichlech imm a phroind | is olc a
t[h]. a colaind, Arch. iii 221.23 . tanic Padraic an Erinn
85don t. ¤ deigenaich, YBL 140b50 . toisg laei co n-aidchi o
[a] taigh fén, TBC p. 419 n. 2 . dom toisgc cucu buddechtsa,
BColmáin 98.11 . tarbhach t. ¤ in tairrngeartaigh, SG 32.7 .
tecat dit frithailem i ndrochtoisc dóib, Aisl. MC 122.17 .
tenn ┐ toirrthim na tosga sin do thuitim iar n-athaid orra,
ML² 1059 . tángabhair t. ¤ aithriomhail, O'Gr. Cat. 513.11.
5 Eoghan Mór mhac Mogha Néid | do-chuaidh trá toisg a
leithéitt, Studies 1921, 76 § 21 . is iongnadh linn | mar
thig tu-sa toisg innill, DDána 92.42 . fri, re (later ar) t. ¤
on a journey: teit grian a denus fria tuisc | in Uirginum
in Auguist, SR 247 . atbert riss in rí co réil | eirgg dam ri
10t. ¤ léir co luath, LL 208b24 . do thriall ar toisg don Eadáil,
Measgra D. 55.11 .
(g) occurrence, occasion: d'ithi a ṡūla, nir th. ¤ āigh, Anecd.
i 37 § 98 . toisg dá dtáinig mórphudhar, DDána 64.15 . do
gach toisg d'á dtárla dhóibh ó Fhéinius Farsaidh anuas,
15 Keat. i 224.22 . rob oirdhercuccadh anma ┐ onora do S R.
an toiscc sin, FM v 1846.8 . do milledh Temair do'n t. ¤ sin,
SG 35.27 . ruc ... sgiath Fortibrais leis ... don t. ¤ sin, RC
xix 48.3 .
(h) condition, state: tuig a Thaidhg ge taoi róighlic |
20gur éirigh díbh toisg Ghóidrisg, Content. xvi 185 . truagh
do thoisg, a chláirseach bhinn, Measgra D. 6.33 . aitchim
ort, dod chumhaidh coisg | ós liomsa do thoisg is truagh,
27.60 . dá gcluineadh onchú Uladh | toisg an tríochad
Feallsamhan, DDána 75.19 . In pl.: robo menmnach
25lasna righaibh a ttoscca , St. Ercuil 39.
(i) In phr. do th. ¤ on account of: go ttiocfadh iomad ...
dochair ... dá toisg, IT ii2 110.19 . is é adhbhar fá dtug
Colum Cille fá deara Cath Cúile Rathan do thabhairt ...
do th. ¤ iomrasain tarla idir Cholum Chille ┐ Chomhghall,
30 Keat. iii 1399 . ag caoineadh a amarráin féin do thoisg an
trír chéadna, TSh. 2140 . ionnus go raibhe ré n-iodhnaibh
lé hiarghnó ... do thoisg an bháis dá rochtain, 4029 . do
cailleadh ... do thoisg seilge Finn, Oss. iii 196.18 .
Compds. ¤ mer quick-moving: buidhne trice toisgmheara,
35 ML 84.25 . ¤ réid ready for action: na dtoraibh tiugha
toisgréidhe, ML 124.19 .

toisc(h)id n i,[f.] (cf. toisc). Also ta[i]sgid. ? Vn. of *to-ad-
saig, *to-oss-saig, see Thurn. Gramm. § 53.
(a) need, necessary business : ar in ni is cetharda frisi
40ruidhmidhther side: elguin ocus toiscidh anfis ocus eitge
(motives for a crime), Laws i 262.2 . ar dligid cach
bean ara nascar la Feine a t. ¤ , v 292.26 . creic neich
doda·esaib do toisc[h]idib `was ihnen an notwendigen
Dingen fehlt
,' Studies in E. Ir. Law 19.7 . mad baitsech
45nach tuailing a t. ¤ who cannot provide for herself, Laws iii 542.6 .
ríi túaithe di[b] feraib deacc do lessaib túaithe; falloing
tuath fadessin fria thaiscidi `for his private affairs,' Críth
Gablach 599 . nesam toisgeda article necessary for existence:
nesam toisgedha, nesam is toisgedha leis do gabhail re
50caithem fo cetoir gan a iarraid ar nech ele `das Nächste
für Lebensunterhalt, ein Nächstes (Nötigstes), das zu erhalten
zu seinem Lebensunterhalt gehört, ohne dass er einen andern
darum angehen muss
,' Cóic Con. Fug. 33 § 34 . lan gille
risin nesum toiscida `an article of necessity,' Laws iii 322.14 .
55Hence: toiscidi .i. caithem, ut est No ní do iasc ... ba
maith do toiscidi i. do caithom, O'C. 81 ( H.3.18, 62b ).
(b) maintaining, sustenance, food: asnuisse tasgid ...
ind áisso gráid, Wb 29a13 . mad ar lóg pridchasa .i. ar
metiuth et mo thoschith, 10d23 . is hed roerbad fria toschid,
60 18 . is hed roerpad dom dom thoschid, 27 . no geibed
Flidais ... di feraib Herend do bóthorud dia thoscid ocon
Táin, LU 1632 . roerbad iarom bó find ... dia taiscid, Ir.
Texts i 3.8 . ni íca fine a chinaid acht a t. ¤ the `fine' are not
responsible for his liabilities, but they maintain him
, O'C.
65 2168 ( Eg. 88, fo. 5 ). toiscead cach aesdrecht cona chinn-
taib, `the support of all pet animals,' Laws iv 120.20 .
See 2 taiscid.

toisc(h)ide adj io, iā (Cf. toisc[h]id) necessary: is taschide timne
dée do chomalnad and, Wb 10a18 . is tascide gl. necessarium,
70 Ml 20a11 . gach ret as taschidi do duine, RC x 82.7 . ó
dobertsat in ro badh toisgide leo do aitiribh an tíre, FM v
1862.28 . gach ní ro badh toisccidhe do fhlaith, vi 2298.5 .
Superlative: doneoch is toiscedum dib ann, Laws i 162.18
Comm. toiscidhe, O'Cl. see toisc. Cf.: tó co toiscide
75 silence when necessary ?, Ériu vii 136.13 = ZCP iii 25.10 .
forluamain espai cen taiscithe, Ériu vii 172.10 = ZCP iii
27.34 .

toisc(h)idecht n[ā, f.] (toisc[h]ide) necessity: in toiscideacht,
nocu cenel do na ceithir cenelaib he, Laws iii 96.25 .

80 toisc(h)idetu n t,f. (toisc[h]ide) necessity: taschidetu far
n-íccesi gl. necessarium est propter uos, Wb 23b37 . ar
thaischitedaid (sic leg.) in metair `through metrical necessity,'
Ml 65b11 .

toísech adj. and subst.
85 I adj. o,ā first, former: isind epistil tóisich, Wb 14d1 .
fon dul toisech, 10b20 . is hires as toisech hi suidib, Ml
14c6 . forsind í toisech `on the first i,' Sg. 7b5 . ind .a. toisech
`the initial a,' 136a2 . huanaib herchoiltib tóisechaib,
199b11 . aire túise, cid ara n-eperr? arindí as t. ¤ a ceníul
leading , Críth Gabl. 386 . ont shanais taisig rosairg, Ériu ix
567.31 . co n-aprai in bolcum tōisech frisin mbolcum ndéde-
nach, Aisl. MC 101.13 . o gein tuiseach Edaíne ... cosin
ngein déigenach, Ériu xii 156.20 . is in ais tuisigh ... is in
ais medhonaigh, Laws ii 186.13 Comm. eter dered ind
raind toesig ... ┐ tossach ind raind tan[aisi], Auraic. 5369 .
10 for láim chlí ind óclaig thoesig tánic issin tulaig, TBC 5197 .
in tan túisech beres soillsi grene cecha bliadna cetchoscor
do dorcha na haidche, PH 3515 . Slíab Sobail ... ainm t. ¤
(: nóisech) in tṡen-ṡléibe, Met. Dinds. iii 116.96 . acht na
ndenaid min-ughdair fri dereadh in domain ar thucait a
15nderscnaighthi seach na n-ughdaru toisseacha `the former
authors
,' Auraic. 59 . ro slecht didiu G. iarsin co ro soethe
ana gne toisech ` former ,' RC xlvi 239.25 . frisin láithi
toisech do mi Febra, Marco P. 85 . Cf. tuisiuch a rainnside
a trí `it is to be divided in the first place,' Laws ii 140.12
20Comm. is denam for tuisech an deidenach, i 172.32 Comm.
As adv. preceding a verb: is aice toisech tucad chuing
for muinelaib dam do feraib Erenn, Ériu xii 178.19 (TE).
iss é taeisech rosía taisselbad chugut-sa it is it which will
first come to be exhibited to thee
, BColm. 92.20 . íar fairind
25... comad hé tósech nóadhrad Fursa, 96.21 . dénaid tindenus
co rop sib toisech innises bethaid do'n doman, PH 3413 .
co mad i nGalilee toisech atcifitís a apstail Ísu iar n-esergi,
3415 . conidh he toissech roscrib i taiblibh, Auraic. 44 .
rocreit conid hé toisech rogab creidim, Lat. Lives 3.13 .
30 Compar. toísegu, toísigiu. Later taesca, taísce, túsga.
(a) prior; first in importance: ni airegdu a persansom
oldaas persan na nabstal olchene ceto thóisegu i n-iriss,
Wb 18d14 . air is toisechu anisiu indaas andabeirsom ar
thuus, Ml 47a14 . amal as toisegiu grían indáas laithe ...
35síc is toissigiu gein maicc hua athair re cech dúil, 85b11 .
bái ni bud toisigu dún andás biath do dénam duit, Trip.
10.16 . aire tuise .i. tuisechu i n-urd ... he, Laws v 24.27
Comm. mar as tusca ... gach ni foirfi na gac ni nemhfoirfi
superior , Ir. Astr. Tr. 66.16 . os é in credem oibriugud is
40túsca dib, PH 7813 . dán órdha ní hé do ní | cosnamh gach
cúise adeirthí | as taosga i dtealaigh na bhFionn | acht
leabhair aosda Éirionn, Content. vii 12. (b) first in point
of time, sooner: cid toisigiu doberthar ind ḟochaid, Ml
19b11 . aris is toiseghv rocet in coecatmad psalm, Hib.
45Min. 6.199 . is toisichv rocet pusillus eram, 10.z . is tōisechu
mac et athair oldās úa, Corm. Y 1277 . táisechu ro-síacht
Cú Chulainn co hEmain, MU² 151 . masa tuisecha ro deirged
a lam ... inna ro tsennestar in cin air, Laws iii 110.18 Comm.
taoisechu mes in ratha, O'Don. 519 ( H.3.17, col. 421 ).
50 uair taoisiocha so ionás écc E. `this was before the death
of E.
', TFrag. 226.17 . ní miad lim-sa diam túscu dó icond
áth ná dam-sa, TBC 1879 . táisgi rainic CuChulainn mara
roibi Orlam ina'n gilla, ZCP viii 540.19 . táisce mo bás cen
deibe | ná le nech eile laige, SG 61.13 . tuscu Conall anda
55Corc, LL 145a32 . sinni ba toisciu ca thocht, LL 206b46 .
an inbuid is tusca beg ro gabhadh in athgabail ina táinic
in foesum, Laws ii 110.26 Comm. cuairteocha mé in domun
ag iaraidh mo dhalta, muna faghar nísa tusca é, ZCP vi
91.8 . gach ni as deigmacha bis annsa comtsuigigud is e as
60tusca bis annsa disgailedh, RC xlix 12.y . gurabh taesca
do ghabhais féin geill treinfer Eirenn 'na do ghabh ri in
domhain a n-gheill, CF 216 . gein as taosga (: aosda) do
thuair gnaoi, PBocht 27.5 . fa taosca sin ioná Cairbre
Riada do mharthain, Keat. ii 3685 . go madh taosga deigh-
65fhreagra ōn rīgh ag breith orra nō M. do thernodh tar a aiss,
Fl. Earls 22.26 . ní bhfuil peacadh air bioth is taosga `more
ancient
,' Donl. 156.7 . As abstract noun: munbadh a
thúscc ro gonadh an presidens, FM vi 2114.23 . In phr.
mar as t. ¤ as soon as: mar as taisce adchonnairc, grádhaighes
70iat, Im. Brain 62 13 . tabair do briathar damsa, maras
taosga ticfair an Erinn, nach lecfer oirisim na comnaide
doibh, IT ii2 124.68 . mar is túsga théid an t-anam ar
neamh ┐ is léir dhó lonnradh an lóchrainn diadha `as soon
as
,' TSh. 5086 . mar is túsga do-bheir an diabhal an duine
75aontuigheas don olc ar chumas an pheacaidh, 7345 .
(c) sooner in preference; rather: toisechu bia marb oldas
bia meirb, PRIA xix C 546 § 8 . doberim mo breithir ... conad
taesca no ebelaind ... na doberaind poic duit, RC xxiv
198.6 . gorab túsca bas im belaibhsi innas mo bheth ... im
80senoir ic foglaim foghnamha do duine aili, CCath. 5529 .
bá cora comland do chur rimsa ní bad thaisci (tasca, v.l.)
ina torchair do rigaib ... adraind cosaníu, TTebe 4431 .
is tusca no-berad in t-errandus bud mo dia rige ┐ flaithius
doib oldas in cend-sin, PH 906 . is taisce atbél iná-s dogén
85do diultad-sa, 3014 . is taisce doloiscfedh a ingin ana
doberadh do S. hi, Maico P. 30 . taosga as dúthchas d'aicme
Ír ... cuige Uladh ... ionás Luachair, Content. v 115 . is
túsca no fuicfind-si Ere inás do ghénaind fell for ma dhalta-
daib fesin, MR 12.16 . bheith toiltionach air bhás d'fulang
níos taoisge iona chuirfheadh fearg air, Donl. 54.24 . im-
5dhighsi ni sa thaósga do chum na gceannuightheadh, Matt.
xxv 9.
Superl.: is ed trede as toisechem do duiniu gl. quae
inter reliqua uictui necesaria primum obtinent locum, Ml
20d2 . tóisigem gl. primus, Sg. 42a3 .
10 II As subst. o, m. táoiseach, tóiseach, túiseach, IGT
Decl. § 11 (54.29) ; túiseach, tóiseach, taíseach, § 104 .
(a) first, first-mentioned thing or person. honaib toise-
chaib gl. prioribus, Ml 56b22 . essu rubu thoisech hi suidiu,
63b5 . ūr .i. cach (sic leg.) tūisech ┐ īar cach ndēigenach,
15 Corm. Y 1291 . nád aithgainethar a t. ¤ first mentioned,
Críth Gabl. 564 . cérba tróm in tóisech, i[s] sechttruma in
dédenach, Aisl. MC 61.16 . lethfiach don tuisech lanod
`half fine due to the first man of full privilege,' Laws iii 136.y
Comm.
20(b) leader, chief: hore rombu thoissech na fectae, Wb
33a20 . ban chossmaili friar tuissech, 33b20 . amal bid nach
toisech corpthae dudfessed, Ml 78b14 . Iob ba dicerta crich |
toisech míltnechta Dauid, SR 6594 . tóisech int sluaig,
4797 . snáidsiunn Moysi degthóisech, Thes. ii 300.9 . tóisech
25inna mban, Im. Brain 31.7 . acht atndaimet do thóisiuch
┐ aurlabraid remib, Críth Gabl. 279 . im dán toísig nó
thánaisi, 322 . cach buden immá túsech, LU 8103 (FB).
na tōisig fot smacht | cidat nōisig neirt, KMMisc. 268 § 41 .
cach buiden imma tuisech, TBC 459 . ech cach tóisich,
30 BColm. 94.10 . Aengus bá toiseach doib uili, Ériu xii
142.21 . tuisech cacha fine, Laws v 438.25 . cach tōisich
a thulach, Arch. iii 226.6 . tuatha cen taisechu, TTebe
3049 . ité ... in cóica ingen ...: isī a tāisech fil sunn for mo
leathlāim-sea .i. Deichtir, ZCP v 502.3 . a thaisechu iffirn,
35 PH 3868 . do thúisigh uile is t'uirrígh, DDána 74.16 . tréit
┐ taisig tretil, Cog. 160.7 . rug a craísech chraebh
n-úaine | taísech úaine a táebh thóire, IGT Decl. ex. 1205 .
Of rulers of peoples or territories: toesech na nDubgennti,
AU i 366.1 . Cerran mac Colman tosech cenel Maelche,
40 428.6 . toisech Mesopotamia, SR 5284 . ro boí toisech Ua
Conaing and, LU 3110 . tōsig Thūath Bíd, Aisl. MC 83.20 .
With following gen. of description; t. ¤ céit centurion: doro-
nadh iarsin tuiseach cett ic Cesair deisiom, CCath. 3554 .
t. ¤ cethrair quadrumvir: taisech cetráir gl. quadrum uir,
45 Ir. Gl. 400 . t. ¤ cóicir quintumvir: taisech cuigir gl. quinctum
uir, Ir. Gl. 401 . t. ¤ conaire guide: tarsna beilghibh rotion-
coisccset a thoisigh conaire dhó, Hugh Roe 86.7 . t. ¤ imgona
battle chief: ba tóisech imghona la Cublay esium, Marco P.
128 . t. ¤ teglaig chief of the household, major-domo: taiseach
50teglaig, Dinds. 149 . co rob e ba taisech teglaich ac Meidb,
Ériu ii 182.14 . Cf. is iomdha ardtaoiseach do bhíodh ...
ar an bhFéin, mar atá ... taoiseach caogaid amhail bhíos
lieutenant ┐ taoiseach trí naonbhar amhail bhíos corporal,
┐ taoiseach naonbhair amhail bhíodh decurio ag an Rómh-
55ánach, Keat. ii 5164 - 69 .
Compd. ¤ aire chief noble: airech tóisechaire, Sg. 50a26 .