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tongaid vOften treated as though *do-foing. Later also
toingid.
55Forms. Indic. pres. 1 s. tongu, Sc.M.² § 16 . MU² 1020 .
tuṅg, BDD § 62 . dofuṅg, Ériu iv 134.18 . da-oṅg-sa, MU²
181 . toṅgimse, RC iii 178.5 . 3 s. (with obj.) toingthi,
O'Dav. 160. ni thoing , Laws iv 350.18 Comm. -toingend,
BDD² 698 . rel. toṅges, RC iii 178.5 . toingis, Laws i 196.9
60Comm. ? 1 pl. tongmai, Ériu v 236.75 . 3 pl. toingit, Cóic
Con. Fug. § 62 . na tongat , Sc.M.² § 16 . rel. toingte, TBC²
704 (LU). toingthe, BDD² 707 . pass. tonga[i]r, Críth
Gabl. 52.
Impf. 3 s. no-thongad, Ml 36a20 . dodfongad, 21 . 3 pl.
65 darsnatoingdis, Fianaig. 14 § 25.
Imper. 3 pl. toinget, TBC² 1060 (LU).
Subj. pres. 2 s. ni thois , LB 261a8 . cía thois , RC xxiii
306 § 12 . 3 s. tó, O'Dav. 1588. ? ni thoe , LL 360 marg.
3 pl. tosat, O'C. 2237 ( Eg. 88, 17b ). toisat, O'Dav. 1588.
70 pass. rel. maine thosar , O'C. 508 ( H. 3.18, 258 ). foa tosar ,
Ériu vii 156 § 15.
Subj. Impf. 3 s. tara toissed , Wb 33c10 . (corresponding
to perf.) daradochtaised. Ml 78a4 .
Fut. 1 s. tithis, Tec. Corm. xxvii 17 . 2 s. ní tithis , O'Dav.
75 1588. 3 s. tithis, LU 10367 (TE). 3 pl. tithsat, O'Dav.
1588. tethsat (leg. tithsat), FM ii 786.14 . Pass. s. tit-
saither, O'Dav. 1588. pl. tithsitir, LU 10370 (TE). Cf.
also: gle .i. tife nó toingfe , O'Dav. 1026.
Pret. pass. ni tochta , Laws v 468.1 .
80 Perf. 3 s. docuitig, Wb 33d10 . ducuitich, Ml 78a5 . 3 pl.
tocuitchetar, Cain Ad. § 29.
Vn. luge, q.v. ? Part. tochta, Laws v 358.7
(a) swears, takes an oath: is maith leis á firlugae nothon-
gad cach frialaile, Ml 36a20 . nochomallad nech dod-
85fongad, 21 . tocuitchetar tra ... ōgh cāna adomnān do
comalnad co brádh, Cain Ad. § 29 . ustaing .i. ūas-
toinges .i. na uaisle ca toinge imma comall, Corm. Y 1294 .
tó ┐ toing ┐ toisat ┐ tithsat .i. luige, ut est fortithsat donnaig
diumsaig ┐ rl. No do toingfidis na gataidi diumasch[a]
for cach ┐ aderr fos ní tithis formsa ... titsaither luige la
5sandtachu, O'Dav. 1588. brágti do thúath tithsitir, LU
10370 (TE). ni thois i forgiull for nech, LB 261a8 . ni
thoing luighe acht fo aen a mbliadain, Laws iv 350.18
Comm. tethsat (leg. tithsat) commond i nGlind Gerg,
FM ii 786.14 . toinget anmchomét frim, TBC² 1060 (LU).
10 tuṅgsa na dei dia n-adraim, BDD § 62 . dofuṅg-sa do Día
uilichumachtach, Ériu iv 134.18 . is ē do t[h]ēchta tongu |
cath frit c[h]rēchta, ZCP vi 264 § 2 . toingimse dúib, Ériu
iv 96 § 20 . toingim don Rígh domroighne, ZCP viii 221 § 39 .
fan síoth toingead, DDána 111.28 . mílidh ar an tráigh
15níor thuing, Aithd.D. ii 245.37 . do thuingsead ... don
rígh, Content. xv 45 . thuingsead d'aitheasg éinfhir, xvi
160 . B. na f.: tuingim do chāch fan gcín-si (.i. luighim),
ZCP v 489 § 12.
Common in formula of asseveration: toṅga (tongu, LU)
20 do dia toinges mo thuath, TBC² 651 . tonga (tongusa, LU)
do dia toingi (toingte, LU) Ulaid, 704 . tongu na tongat
no thuath, Sc.M² § 16 . tongussa a tongas mo thúath,
MU² 1020 . tongusa a toingthe mo thúatha, BDD² 707 .
toṅgu a toingend mo thúatha, 698 .
25(b) Legal swears, is of status to swear: tonga[i]r fri corp
┐ anmain, Críth Gabl. 52 . aire toíngeas itir dis, Laws iv
142.5 Comm. is iat na tri .ix. uir thoingis ... is tri ba toingit,
Cóic Con. Fug. § 62 . atáit secht lina a tuaith toingthi for
rig rechtaid, O'Gr. Cat. 88.9. issed toingis, Laws i 196.9
30Comm. fiadnaise fia toing in ben fri huaitni, Laws i 180.13
Comm. ma tonnach fo rinde araili toingthi fo ailt neimhe,
O'Dav. 160.
(c) With tar or fo swears by: docuitig tarais fadeissin
ar ni robe nech bad huaisliu tara toissed, Wb 33d10 . nimbói
35ní bed sruithiu daradochtaised, Ml 78a4 . coicriuth co
mbūale umae | darsnatoingdis derbh-lugae, Fianaig. 14 §
25 . tongu-sa ... tar cumachta nDé, Ériu ii 202 § 18 (do
tuc isa lugha, v.l.) toingim torum fen, PH 1154 . secip
fethal foa tosar a ndubethech, Ériu vii 156 § 15 . tuingim
40... fan fer rofuluing pāis tarcenn in cinidh daena, ZCP vi
48.15 . tuingim-si fona dēibh, 53.20 . ro thuing fona deibh
nach fuicfedh, St. Ercuil 1757 . do tuing fa na breithir nach
fuicfed an baile, Celt. Review iv 14.6 . tongu-sa fom chu-
machta ┐ tar in mac n-óengine, Ériu ii 196 § 13.

45 1 tonn n ā, f.
I (a) wave: ba teipirsnige aicned inna t. ¤ , Ml 129d5 . ba
sī in tond dar cach n-ald, Hail Brigit § 24 . fo thonda searba
sāile, Ériu ii 26 § 9 . ni cluichi mad tind ri ruind, ix 48 § 24 .
Íssu úas tuinn tuili, Fél. Prol. 250 . úas. tuind trilis `over a
50sparkling wave
,' Apr. 23 . co tachim thuinni, IT iii 246.85 .
co rus báidh t. ¤ tuile ann hé, Acall. 55 . Hence foam: cnes
mar thuinn, Rel. Celt. ii 220.x . As a measure of distance:
diles i muirbrethaib airi ruanada dar nae tondaib, Laws
iii 422.1 .
55(b) outpouring: teora tonna torunni, Wb 27a14 (of
baptism). is ann sin tucad t. ¤ baitsi Críst tairsibh ac Pátraic,
Acall. 317 . d'fhuil a baisde ┐ a bhonn | tond baisde do
chuir bar ceand, IGT Decl. ex. 1989 . cét cell co comlantus
tuinne cailig aifrinn, Lism. Lives p. 317.14 . tri tonna luigi
60... tri tonna in chailidh aifrind draughts , O'C. 989 ( H.3.18,
425a ). o taisbentar na tri tonna and .i. tond sceithi ┐ t. ¤ fola
┐ t. ¤ comna `vomiting and haemorrhage' ( Ériu xii 130 n. 2 ),
O'C. 2100 ( H.4.22, 75 ). cor rethitar da thuind as a sliss, PH
2874 . uchán adrochair Aillén | táncatar a tri tonna, Acall.
65 1746 . [aghadh] ar thuinn cneadh gcroidheadh, DDána
40.7 . go smuainim ar tonnaibh an taobhochta, Aithd. D.
55.5 .
(c) in figurative expressions: fri toind t' eólchaire
oḟadib wave of homesickness, LU 10043 . tangadar na tri
70borbtonna dó .i. t. ¤ fergi ┐ t. ¤ éoid ┐ [t. ¤ ] ainmfesa, ZCP xiii
204.14 . cf. conda-dic intond inburbi chétna, MU² 673 .
rob é sin ... in lám anuachtar ┐ in t. ¤ báis os borbbuidnib,
Acall. 5930 . t. ¤ báis bá romh rod báidhe, FM i 472.11 .
dom thanic tond diummais, LL 273b42 . rolínustair t. ¤
75danatais a criche, Lism. Lives 3043 . tic iarsin t. ¤ diadhachta
co Finnchua, 3045 . tond do diúmus, Anecd. ii 68.10 . do
cuireadh fa cráibh mBeithbhi | tonn sceoil bregi buaiderthi,
Ériu iv 214 § 7 . nī cōir crē nā talam thorum | acht tond
brātha, beg in ḟerg, Arch. iii 242 § 6 . an t. ¤ brátha ráidhtir
80ribh, Aithd.D. 2.8 . co toirtea tuind mbroin ar B. `wave
of woe
,' Cog. 120.25 . i ttuinn fhichidh mh' aigeanta, Studies
1921, 75 § 13 . a th. ¤ bháidhe as ann do éirigh | clann táidhe
arna déinimh dhínn, IGT Decl. ex. 1209 . do dhoirt tuinn
dá thrócuire, Dán Dé xx 29 . i n-ainm ... toinne an teasbaigh
85... tug ar lasadh guth na n-apstal, Ó Bruad. iii 78.5 .
(d) sea: co ro gésetar tri tonna hErend, TBC p. 866
n. 1 . síl qind co traig tuinde, IT iii 14 § 27 . im chaithem
tascair do thuinne, Laws i 166.25 .i. in tascair do cuirither
do tuinn, 170.12 Comm. síothmhagh gá tarbha na thuinn,
Content. xxx 28 . do ní tráigh do thuinn leabhair, Dán
5Dé xxviii 39 . Erind tuath o thuind co tuind from sea to
sea
, Laws iv 344.19 . Hence: conid tregdad o thuind co
tuind teachtas ` from end to end ,' Auraic. 1726 . fáiltíghis
tonn ┐ tír roimhe, ML 40.3 . ní thuigim, ar tuinn ná ar
tír, Dánta Gr.² 3.14 . for tuind ro élai a lluing a athar,
10 Arch. Hib. ii 72 § 30 . asbert ... téssed for tonna, Thes. ii
310.1 . ro ḟacaib hi forsin tuind, Met. Dinds. iii 206.13 .
fos-raemet ind eóin forsin tuind, BDD² 141 . seantraigead
fo tuind `an old bridge under the water,' Laws iv 142.27
Comm. ar thóchim do thír fo thuind, Met. Dinds. iii 236.22 .
15 gá goire dhúinn dul tar tuinn across the sea, DDána 60.40 .
fer tuinne salmon (?): fil cend fir tuinde foltcha, Hib. Min.
47.19 . fer tuinn[e] .i. brattan, ut est fil and cenn fir tuinne,
O'Dav. 1014. torc na tuinne porpoise?: stáec thuirc na
tuinne, RC xiii 46.15 .
20(e) abundance: cáin tonna [tige] hui Eogain, Bodl.
Corm. 20.5 . a th. ¤ do cheōlaib clērig, Bruchst. i § 83 . atbath
ar t. ¤ indmais, § 129. bruiden t. ¤ ┐ tened, § 144.
(f) bog, swamp: cuithecha ┐ tonna crithe, O'Don. 1570
( H.5.15, 5a ). cechair .i. tonda crithir, O'Dav. 514. fo
25cechair .i. tondach for a huachtar .i. tonn crithech .i. cran-
dach, Laws v 138.18 . an tan thuiteas an t-asal i dtuinn,
TSh. 4400 . Cf. tonnach.
II (a) surface: gach deghnáemh ro-chés | os tuind
talman tíos, Ériu iv 236 § 10 . ón ló ro thuit ar tuinn talmhan,
30 ML 86.26 . t. ¤ ḟeóir tar a himdhadhaibh, IGT Decl. ex. 1655 .
ná tuadaig tond talman torut, LU 9302 = ná tudchaith tont
talman tarat, Anecd. iii 52.2 . fo thuinn talman, SR 4124 .
a cur fo tuind talman, RC xxiii 428 § 50 . fo tuinn uill ūire,
ZCP vi 265 § 19 . atāid anu do nos Ailella ... na tri trēighe
35fad thuind menma, ZCP ii 341.2 .
(b) land, earth: ala t. ¤ ... .i. alaili tir .i. ala ferann, O'C.
416b ( H.3.18, 229a ). bíadsum gach t. ¤ toraidh, ZCP x 347
§ 15 . lecht meic Cuind atchíd | co tuind dar a thaíb, LU
9988 . ocht n-ech ocht carbait ar tuinn, BB 28a37 . a
40pheacaigh atá ar an dtuinn on the earth, A. Ó Dálaigh xlii 8.
(c) With gen. of description: gu raibi Eiriu na h-aén-
tuind crithigh da'n coimeirghi sin, Hy Maine 137.3 . baoí
Ére for a chiontt na héntuinn choccaidh ┐ cendaircce, FM
v 1680.19 . na h-én tuinn fhiataile ┐ fasaigh, 1784.3 . coicc-
45eadh Uladh ina linn lain ... ┐ ina thuinn teccle, vi 2142.11 .
ina h-en tuinn bróin ┐ basgaire, 2264.3 . bheith don Bhanbha
... 'na héantuinn fhaghla, TD 7.28 . atá sé ó sin i le | fa
aontuinn fhíochmhair fheirge, 8.29 . do bí Ere 'na tuinn
técht, Anecd. i 33 § 63.
50(d) skin: nosdītin ... conná riacht toind nó foéschum
fair, TBC² 1681 . nī forroim cid drisiuc for toind dō, 1206 .
tri fuilt batar air, donn fri toind ..., 2025 . allus tiug ar
toind cen tinne, Corm. Y 179 . māt .i. muc, unde est isna
Brethaibh Nemed: forrūachtatar māta mo t[h]uinde
55torgabāil, 876 . ┐ ní aidleth toinn ná féoil, TBFr. 127 .
brissiud cnama cumma tuinne, LL 119b52 . do thógoibh
tonna mo chinn | faídh in gadhoir is binn guth, Duan. F.
i 83 § 16 . ro chuir a thuind ┐ a srebhann úadh, Sc.M.²
§ 17 (R) . lith ┐ tond lanamain (.i. gene) na traiged, Auraic.
60 1816 . prionnsa dearbhtha é t. ¤ is tairbhfhéith `hide and
sinew
,' O Bruad. iii 80.5 . fo thuind under the skin, secretly:
mebal fo tuind fosluide | cid fiada fuilt ḟindbuidi, ZCP vi
267 § 3. is serc bo báidiu fri bliadain mo sherc | is cuma
fo thuinn, IT i 124.11 ( TE § 9 ). do shearc go dtara fam
65thuinn, DDána 60.18 . Conall Cernach, crúas fo thuind,
Met. Dinds. iii 442.31 . a-tá an gol is-tigh fam thuinn | ag
cor libh gin go labhruim, Aithd.D. 10.14 . ag fadádh istigh
fam thuinn | iomdha agra nach admhaim, Dán Dé iv 3 .
atá an tuirrsisi fam thuinn | mar thoirrcheas n-elphant
70aguinn, Studies 1918, 453 § 16 .
Compds. ¤ aile fence against the sea, dyke: atait secht
n-aile ... tond aile, tracht aile, Laws v 270.14 . tond aile .i.
donither risin tuind mara, 23 Comm. ¤ balc strong of surface:
cein bidh leo talamh tonnbalc, Anecd. ii 35 § 10 . ¤ bán
75 white, fair-surfaced: im thoebu talman tonnbain, SR 6162 .
dorigned talum tondban, KMMisc. 154.102 . roleblaing
talam tondbán, LL 169a50 . ¤ band sea exploit (?): bioth
nir bo toi a tonnbann .i. nír bo tostach a buille for tuinn,
Leb. Gab. i 60.1 . ¤ benn wave top: rith tar tuinnbennaibh
80Duine Sobhairce, Buile Ṡ. 92.17 . ¤ bláth of fair surface:
Temair tonnblath, Fél. 226.23 . ¤ blechtach with waves of
milk: um chlar toinnbhleachtach Tailtion, Gleanings
18 § 26 . ¤ borb of fierce waves: ana treithibh taibhtheanna
tonnbhorba, CF 200 . ¤ bras of strong waves: co haigen na
85ttroscc ttonnbras, Leb. Gab. i 96.4 . ¤ búan firm surfaced
osin Temraig tailc tondbúain, LL 129a45 . ¤ buide yellow;
surfaced: rosmarb in teidm tondbuide (sic leg.), Arch.
Hib. ii 92 § 6 . dāeine in talman tonnbuidhe ` yellow-
visaged ,' Ériu iii 144 § 10 . ¤ chith copious shower: na toinn-
cheatha bréana briomstóin, TSh. 6198 . ¤ chlár surface:
5 tonnchlár in talman, CCath. 1116 . ¤ chrithid trembles like
a wave: do thonnchrith m' inchinn, ITS iii 110.5 . ¤ ét
wave of jealousy: do neartuigh ... i gceannaibh na toin-
néada, Ó Bruadair iii 16.9 . ¤ gáeth wave-wind: mar thras-
garthar an teach le tonn-ghaothaibh tréana, TSh. 9137 .
10 ¤ gairthe bright-skinned: dá ghnúis thonnghairthe, Studies
1918, 452 § 3 . ¤ gel bright-skinned, bright-surfaced: Dauid
tonngel, SR 6270 . ocon tsāle thondgel, Arch. Hib. ii 83
§ 13 . traighthi toinnghelu, IT i 120.7 ( TE § 4 ). ar aonach
Teamhrach toinnghile, Studies 1929, 593 § 1 . ¤ glan pure-
15surfaced: tipra tondglan, Anecd. i 61 § 93 . im Themraig
tond-glain, Met. Dinds. iii 442.34 . a thoebh go tonnghlaine
Acall. 1476 . ¤ gnúis surface: tar dreich in domuin ┐ tar
tondgnuis in talmun, BB 236a6 . ¤ luascad act of tossing in
waves: ag tonnadh ┐ ag tonn-luasgadh mheanman an
20pheacthaigh, TSh. 9497 . ¤ maigrech salmon-waved: a lind
báin tonn maigrigh thigh, Ériu iv 224 § 43 . co Drobhaois
ttorcharthaigh ttonnmhaighrigh, FM v 1590.11 . ¤ mín
smooth surfaced (?): cona ffiodhbhacaibh tailce toinnmhíne,
Hugh Roe 212.28 = FM vi 2126.19 . ¤ phort wave-bank:
25 ar in slis os tonn-port des, Celt. Rev. iv 218.14 . cen time
fri tonnportuib | os grian mara, RC xiv 62.13 . ¤ thaidb-
senach wave-displaying: comsiledh comramhach tonn-
táibhseinach, CCath. 265.