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40 1 torbae n io, n. vn. of do-rorban. Later iā, f.; torba tarbha,
IGT Decl. § 3 (p. 44.28) . Also torbud, tarbud.
(a) profit, benefit: torbe ł. forás gl. proreatum, Wb 11b3 .
ní tarcat torbe, 31d10 . a torbae aratorsata, Ml 42b13 .
ced torbe frisateícomnacht, Wb 19c8 . cid torbae aratorsata
45┐ cia gním dugniat inna duli, Ml 120c7 . do thorbu, Wb
22b19 . ished torbe nammáa tra ara tobarr labrad ilbelre,
12d29 . inmade .i. níbtá torbe de, 19b10 . act ropocho torbu
æcolsa, 13a27 . nitat torbi fri toil dée . is diliu lemm didiu
ani as torbae oldaas aní as dílmain, 11b17a . issathorbe
50feisin són nammá, 12c25 . is torbe sochuide són, 28 . mór
saido. becc torbai, Thes. ii 296.4 . fess cech n-aidchi ... tairbi
tigi Solamain, SR 7018 . tech fri comdail cech tharbai,
4373 . is torbe dian promam `'tis a profit if we prove it,'
Fél. Prol. 143 . ni lugu do foglaib fofechat olldas di thorbu
55dogniat, Laws v 404.22 . is mo torbud na cor si oldas a
n-innruidiu, 286.1 . ni mor airilliud a torbai fri slan na
somaine, 250.3 . ar aindi adgaibter torbae iar n-etórbu,
i 254.10 . na hindlithe re torba `before they are productive,'
i 190.4 . dulbaire torbai `dumb on useful matters,' Tec.
60Corm. § 16.82 . cia torbo mo accallaim ?, RC iii 345.4 . cia
torba lim, Arch. iii 296 § 38 . dorat tochmarc ar tharbha,
Met. Dinds. iii 88.5 . ni thaisce ní. | Níba t. ¤ , LU 3499 ( SC
26 ). ni thairce tarba nā somáin do nech, PH 8385 .
dēna comann re lucht fedma, ūair dogēbhair tarbha as,
65 ZCP vi 272 § 4 . is de ma dogné tarba `if you make use of
it
,' Ériu v 116.32 . ni fuil tarba in tachair-sea na Tebi,
TTebe 1506 . nach raibe tarbadh na taigheradh there was
nothing to gain by keeping him in view
, Caithr. Thoirdh.
82.13 . bí tarbha ann gach uile sháothar, Prov. xiv 23 .
70 messait cāch fri torbha puiplidhi ann fēin ier n-inmhedhōn
an tegh so, Fl. Earls 182.5 . an tarbha puiplidhi do chongbáil
suass, 92.17 . uachtaráin no breithimh na tarbha puiblidhe
of the public weal, O'Hussey TC 166.17 . i mbéal a tharbha
do thoigheacht `before his benefits could be realised,' Studies
75 1927, 436 § 4 . ar dteachta a dtarbha, Aithd.D. 6.27 . gan
tarbha i dtagra rut, 98.32 . tuile gan tairbhe, DDána 75.21 .
ní thug toradh na tarbha ar chomhradh na caemrighna
` heed ,' Études Celt. i 79.23 . g s. as adj. profitable, beneficial :
cen tlí tarba , SR 6539 . nistailged tairecc tarbha, Met.
80Dinds. iii 4.29 . nírbo thaiscid torba, iv 72.40 . nír luaghail
tarbha, Aithd.D. 97.24 . As vn. fuair ac Ethar Druim
na náighedh | teinidh ac tarba na tréd `to benefit ,' SG
27.26 .
is t. ¤ do it benefits: is mór a thorbe de dúnni, Wb 1a3 .
85 ni torbe do animdibe adchi cách, 2a2 . anastorbe do sochudi
dia nícc, 11c6 . ced torbe doib etarscarad etir fria tola,
13c6 . ni torbe do bóu, 30b6 . cote mothorbese dúib mad
amne labrar, Wb 12c36 . nirba tarba ... cathbarr do chind
in curad, TTebe 3283 . nī mōr tarbai duit, TBC² 1085 .
ni bia tarba do draidechta duit, PH 2187 . ratharbha
5dháibh a dhídean, DDána 75.4 . ní tairbhe dhamh teacht,
Ériu i 87.1 . nir tarbaidh doibsium sin, MS. Mat. 530.12 .
téit i dt. ¤ do profits, benefits: mh'fheidhm i dtarbha gion
go dtéid `though my service is useless to Thee,' Dán Dé ix 18 .
ar a roimhéad théid i dtarbha, DDána 15.2 . ionnus go
10rachadh do bhuidheacht ... i dtarbha `ut proficiatur pro-
pitiatio ... tua
,' TSh. 5070 . téid éinbhiadh amháin i ndochar
don easlán ┐ i dtarbha don duine slán, 1112 . mellion amhāin
tēit a tt. ¤ don diūc `makes one million profit,' Fl. Earls 82.6 .
for t. ¤ for a purpose: uair is for tarbai ro-comarléiced
15dón rig co ro-thechtad claideb, PH 4077.
fri t. ¤ for (the) benefit (of): dénaid fri tarba cech druing |
arcc amra, SR 4301 . fri tairbe, fri timthirecht, 4536 . mac
Dauid fri tarba trén, 7041 . fri ar tarba, 7841 .
dá th. ¤ in consequence: do-gēba luach a taisgeda dá tarba,
20 ML² 1495 . dogeibhdiss na daoine uaissle imat ōir ... dia
thorbha `in consequence,' Fl. Earls 124.5 .
(b) usefulness, labour, work: nā bud sgēlach cēilidhech,
dēna [leg. dēnad ?] t. ¤ airm i mbī, ZCP vii 311 § 9 . tanic
teirt dénamm tarbai | co rrísam in rigadbai, KMMisc.
25 148.1 . trī t. ¤ isind lo .i. érnaigthi ┐ lubair ┐ legund, ZCP iii
29 § 16. ind lubfur do fodail i trī .i. do thorba fadēine .i.
do thorba do luic do neuch bas fīrtóis[c] do, araill do chuit
inna mbrāthar, araill do gor ina coimnesam .i. rop d'forcetul
nó scrībend nó cecip tarba arnābeither ind espa, § 17. ni
30fogni laisim fachmarc scel doib acht a torbai frisa tiagad
ambain `it is not his usage to ask them for news but to see that
they profit in those matters only for which they come
,' Mon.
Tall. 127.17 .
(c) Laws. useful work, or person (opposed to espa, q.v.) :
35 in t. ¤ no in t-esba, Laws iii 96.13 . re heirim n-espa ... re
heirim t. ¤ , iii 258.15 Comm. isi fagail etgedi a fuil detbir
t. ¤ ┐ espada co bas ┐ na fuil iar mbás in tespad, O'C. 230
( H.3.18, 125 ).

2 torba xsee torbad, turbaid.

40 torbach adj o, ā (1 torba) (a) profitable, beneficial: foraithmet
bed t .i. trisa ngnetis aithirgi, Ml 23a2 . airis t. ¤ du popul
flaith firian leu, 90b11 . cia du rét is t. ¤ ? is hé æm inso inrét
diant t. ¤ , 121d1 . t'Aedoc tarbech tendóc, Gorm. Jul. 13 .
briathra terca tarbacha, TTebe 676 . tarbhach toisc in
45tairrngeartaigh, SG 32.7 . tarbach clissiud, SR 5347 . tar-
bhach a tturas Romha don cethrar naomh, BNnÉ 283.33 .
tarbhach a slios ní slios borb, DDána 119.34 . tarbhach
toradh ceoil na brón, Dánfhocail 217 . i ndíol an teagaisg
tharbhaigh, TSh. 1941.
50(b) As subst. in Laws, profitable worker, person present
on lawful business (opposed to esbach, q.v.): trian aithgena
... in cach t. ¤ , Laws iii 168.10 Comm. slan don muic in
tesbach ... leth fiach uaithi isin t. ¤ , 242.14 Comm. cid i t. ¤
cid i nesbach, 482.2 Comm. amail torbachu iad budein,
55 172.2 Comm.

torbad n[u, m.] vn. of torbaid. injury, confusion: ba torbath
(torbaid, v.l.) mor forsna sluagaib in ragdais fa na rogdais
`die Leute zögerten schr,' IT ii2 196.191 .
Legal: in phr. deithbire t. ¤ injury due to unavoidable
60 inadvertence , indeithbire t. ¤ injury due to negligence: sceinm
.i. i n-a n-eirim deithbire torbaig, Laws v 488.10 Comm.
aithgin hi tres cinaid in maic ┐ i n-indeithbir torbai `auf
unentschuldigter Schäligung
,' ZCP xv 330 § 21 . ina chintaib
anfoit ocus indeithbire torbu, Laws i 14.10 Comm. ina
65cintaib anfoit no inndethberi torbaid, Cáin Ad. p. 43.x .
for in fer bis cethrur ag indeithbire torbaidh, Laws 274.1
Comm. is amhuil inddeithbir torba im leth aithgin i nespach
ocus i netarbach, iii 168.4 Comm. See indeithbire.
Cf. turbaid.

70 torbaid v ā (According to Thurneysen, quoted Bruchst. § 28 ,
a loanword from Lat. turbare; O'Brien, Ériu xi 91 , regards
it and W. tyrfu as cognate with the Latin word. Plummer,
Ériu ix 32 , takes it as a continuation of ¤ derban (see turbaid),
but there are early exx. of the simple verb) hinders, injures,
75 confuses: ainsium Crist ... ar thein, ar threthan torbas,
Thes. ii 352.4 . torbais Conchobar ┐ a muinter (muintir,
O'Brien, Ériu ix 91 ) annisin connarbo etir leo a ngluasacht,
TBC² 519 . torbais dál báis sech cech ndúis | gnúis cháin
cid álaind a lí, Ériu v 211.74 . nadat torbad (.i. nachat
80tairmescad) dit gaisciud, MU² 50 . nibartorbae, ērim n-uag |
diliu thromm troeta trenṡluag, SR 2625 . nimthorba gaim
`stört mich nicht,' Bruchst. 15 § 28 . nim torba | cia beth
nech ic ól chorma, LB 232 marg. sup. gemadh adhaigh
fhada dhamh ... nimtorbha daig (leg. fo daig) neich do
85caingnimaib adamra[ib], Anecd. ii 3.17 . nistorband gach
tōir, ZCP x 53.20 .