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tortrommaid v oppresses: cona tortromadh a troma for cend
ind airdrígh `should not oppress,' CCath. 5277 . Cf. co
tortromtha he o uaman Cruthneachu ┐ Gaedel, Todd Nenn.
74.x .
Vn. tortrommad.

5 tortrommad n[u, m.] vn. of tortrommaid act of oppressing:
i pricept narrún diade doib et inna nebthórtrommad doch-
uingid neich cuccu ` pestering ,' Wb 27c24 . ba somaissi
dó-som sin ┐ nir bo thortrommad (thromoghudh, tortor-
mach, v.ll.), TBC 2535 . biaid doib tortromad na hittad
10dermári, PH 4329 . boi din tortromda mor a roscaib na
n-apstal, 3062 . is amlaid beti na cuirp (sic leg.) sin co
tórtrommad, LU 2680 . uair nar ḟulaing tortromad na
n-dóine oc athigid chucai, Lat. Lives 92.9 . ní rabae cess ...
na tregat na tort[h]romad fuirri, BColm. 10.10 . acht
15ma doecma tortromadh m-bec ... etir di ernaigthi `a little
weariness
,' RC xv 488 § 8 . tortromadh na ttaoisioch, CRR
86.2 .

tosach n o,n. Later m., but d s. often tosaig. IGT Decl. § 55.
(a) beginning: ised inso t. ¤ indala sailm, Ml 27d2 . is dia
20as t. ¤ , 85b15 . benedic a t. ¤ benedic a diad, 120c5 . cid amal
bid du thoschib, 129c12 . in creti dúnni at (sic leg.) tosge
huilc dún ... amal rocretset ar n-aithir romdar tosge maith
doib, Ml 96b5 . is ed inso t. ¤ preceptae iohain, Thes. i 486.30 .
o thosuch bliadne, ii 18.38 . tucad a tosuch fo diu[d], Sg
25 202b8 . hí tosug inna rainne, 213a10 . etir dered is tossach,
SR 4832 . gan deiredh is gan tosach, ZCP viii 114 § 2 . na
doíni atbathatar ó thossuch domuin, TBFr. 307 . is e
tossach mortha anma M. ... in chuimleng ... dorigne, PH
6284 . t. ¤ suirghi, IT i 125.7 . corob é ba rīg Con[n]acht ...
30ic tobairt thosaich na tāna for Ultaib, Ériu ii 184.1 . t. ¤
rabhuidh rug a dealbh `his aspect became threatening,' iv
112.15 . Hence incipit, first line of poem: etir tosaichib na
rann ┐ deridib na rann eile, Fél. 14.x . ba hiad so tossaighe
na salm, BCC 214.16 . 'ag so bráighi dhuit, a Dhé' an t. ¤ ,
35 IGT Decl. 5.28 .
(b) principle: is hegin tosaighi ┐ cuisi is airdi na mar
adubramar do beth ag na gnimarthaib so, Mackinnon Cat.
39.2 . tri tosaidh na naduire .i. materiaformaprivacio ,
Nat. Lib. of Scotland MS. II p. 41 . o t. ¤ inmhedhonach
40eigin bis comchoitchinn don gne uile, Nat. Lib. of Scotland MS. XII, iii Ib2 .
(c) precedence, first place: connar-leced t. ¤ na toisigeacht
dá stocaib croda, TTebe 2800 . no cu ruc A. t. ¤ de `until A.
had taken away the lead
,' 2360 . t. ¤ failte is fothraccaidh,
BNnÉ 255.20 . t. ¤ fothraiccthi re bfleidh | t. ¤ cuirn, t. ¤ cuiridh,
45 ZCP viii 219 § 8 . ná geibh t. ¤ leptha de | ret t'aes cumtha
is comairle, SG 107.11 . congbhaid annos anallan | t. ¤ éigse
is ealadhan, Content. xxviii 3 . t. ¤ uaim-se fhuair seisean,
DDána 69.23 . toiseach i ttír bhiodhbhadh, Éigse iii
132.85 .
50(d) van, battlefront: bēs adchotar nech aile | do, t. ¤ na
conaire, TBC² 235 . do ronsat na Cristaighi ceithre tosaig
dibh fein cum in chatha `acies,' ITS xix 42.14 . dochuaid
German féin hí t. ¤ in chatha la Bretnu, Anecd. iii 68.16 .
Muiredach robái i tossuch sluaig na nócc, Trip. 150.25 .
55 for t. ¤ a shlogaid, CCath. 6051 . ar t. ¤ gacha coirigthi, RC
xix 290 § 228 . ro choirigh t. ¤ ┐ deredh ar a deglaochaib,
Celt. Rev. ii 204 . do cured a ndered asa n-inad ┐ do mebaid
da t. ¤ , Ann. Conn. 1270.7 . robriseador fo thrí an glasslaith
for th. ¤ an tsluaig araill, FM iii 356.8 .
60(e) front part; Of a ship: ag accallaimh na sgūt ┐ na
sgiam-t[h]osach, ML² 661 . téid i dt. ¤ na luinge, TSh. 2639 .
Of a horse: tuarccaib N. tossach aneich ... dorala foa
etorra, FM vi 2216.3 .
(f) g s. as adj. front, foremost: docunnaibh Sisian an
65leoman ... ar cois tosaigh `the front paw,' ZCP vi 293.25 .
do thochuil in leoghan ... derc ... lena chosaibh trennert-
mura tosaigh, Études Celt. i 91.15 . ar gach taobh do chuirr
thossaigh na luinge, FM vi 1822.7 .
(g) With various prepp. (i) ar t. ¤ , ar tosaig first, at first:
70 mad ar thosuch beid, Sg. 203a7 . is in faichte bes coir ar t. ¤ ,
Laws ii 16.18 Comm. caidi a damna, trá, ar tosaig?, Ériu
iv 220.28 . is é caislén an ghradha in fuath ar tosaigh, St.
Ercuil 2244 . co tainic loisi de ar tosaigh, 2487 . gnáth ar
tt. ¤ ag teacht di | fuaradh carad fa chéili, Studies 1921 ,
75 588 § 2 . mairg, a Dhé, thug ar tosaigh, Aithd.D. 12.12 .
grádh don chóir thug ar dtosaigh (:air). DDána 7.29 .
druim ar t. ¤ tug re a chineadh, 15.9 . im Brí Léith ar fir-
thossach, LL 163a35 . (ii) i tosuch at first: is hed inso no
chairigur i tossuch, Wb 11d1 . isme féin asbiur i tossuch,
80 14c30 . hi tossuch, 5a11 . ceist cindus rombatur int psailm
hi tosugh, Hib. Min. 7.208 . dús cia díb lasa ragtha i t. ¤ ,
BDD² 426 . romlēicidsa com longes hi tossach, TBC² 1010 .
teitsidi co lLáeg hi tossiuch, 1382 . srainis in milchu for in
leomun ... i t. ¤ , RC xxiv 174.9 . feraid tra imairig a tosuch
85comdar scitha ┐ dogniad cora fa dheoigh, vi 174.10 . (iii) ó
thosaig in the beginning: loise an tsaoghail mhóir-se a-
muigh | is eadh tháirreas ó thosuigh, DDána 37.20 . ní
huaibhse rug an nglaic ngloin | is ní dait tug ó thosoigh,
Studies 1918, 282 § 15 .
? comēt mo broinn mbuilid | nār līntar cen mesair | co
5rop dēniu a tosaig | a bith isin tesaig, ZCP vi 259 § 7.