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tosach n o,n. Later m., but d s. often tosaig. IGT Decl. § 55.
(a) beginning: ised inso t. ¤ indala sailm, Ml 27d2 . is dia
20as t. ¤ , 85b15 . benedic a t. ¤ benedic a diad, 120c5 . cid amal
bid du thoschib, 129c12 . in creti dúnni at (sic leg.) tosge
huilc dún ... amal rocretset ar n-aithir romdar tosge maith
doib, Ml 96b5 . is ed inso t. ¤ preceptae iohain, Thes. i 486.30 .
o thosuch bliadne, ii 18.38 . tucad a tosuch fo diu[d], Sg
25 202b8 . hí tosug inna rainne, 213a10 . etir dered is tossach,
SR 4832 . gan deiredh is gan tosach, ZCP viii 114 § 2 . na
doíni atbathatar ó thossuch domuin, TBFr. 307 . is e
tossach mortha anma M. ... in chuimleng ... dorigne, PH
6284 . t. ¤ suirghi, IT i 125.7 . corob é ba rīg Con[n]acht ...
30ic tobairt thosaich na tāna for Ultaib, Ériu ii 184.1 . t. ¤
rabhuidh rug a dealbh `his aspect became threatening,' iv
112.15 . Hence incipit, first line of poem: etir tosaichib na
rann ┐ deridib na rann eile, Fél. 14.x . ba hiad so tossaighe
na salm, BCC 214.16 . 'ag so bráighi dhuit, a Dhé' an t. ¤ ,
35 IGT Decl. 5.28 .
(b) principle: is hegin tosaighi ┐ cuisi is airdi na mar
adubramar do beth ag na gnimarthaib so, Mackinnon Cat.
39.2 . tri tosaidh na naduire .i. materiaformaprivacio ,
Nat. Lib. of Scotland MS. II p. 41 . o t. ¤ inmhedhonach
40eigin bis comchoitchinn don gne uile, Nat. Lib. of Scotland MS. XII, iii Ib2 .
(c) precedence, first place: connar-leced t. ¤ na toisigeacht
dá stocaib croda, TTebe 2800 . no cu ruc A. t. ¤ de `until A.
had taken away the lead
,' 2360 . t. ¤ failte is fothraccaidh,
BNnÉ 255.20 . t. ¤ fothraiccthi re bfleidh | t. ¤ cuirn, t. ¤ cuiridh,
45 ZCP viii 219 § 8 . ná geibh t. ¤ leptha de | ret t'aes cumtha
is comairle, SG 107.11 . congbhaid annos anallan | t. ¤ éigse
is ealadhan, Content. xxviii 3 . t. ¤ uaim-se fhuair seisean,
DDána 69.23 . toiseach i ttír bhiodhbhadh, Éigse iii
132.85 .
50(d) van, battlefront: bēs adchotar nech aile | do, t. ¤ na
conaire, TBC² 235 . do ronsat na Cristaighi ceithre tosaig
dibh fein cum in chatha `acies,' ITS xix 42.14 . dochuaid
German féin hí t. ¤ in chatha la Bretnu, Anecd. iii 68.16 .
Muiredach robái i tossuch sluaig na nócc, Trip. 150.25 .
55 for t. ¤ a shlogaid, CCath. 6051 . ar t. ¤ gacha coirigthi, RC
xix 290 § 228 . ro choirigh t. ¤ ┐ deredh ar a deglaochaib,
Celt. Rev. ii 204 . do cured a ndered asa n-inad ┐ do mebaid
da t. ¤ , Ann. Conn. 1270.7 . robriseador fo thrí an glasslaith
for th. ¤ an tsluaig araill, FM iii 356.8 .
60(e) front part; Of a ship: ag accallaimh na sgūt ┐ na
sgiam-t[h]osach, ML² 661 . téid i dt. ¤ na luinge, TSh. 2639 .
Of a horse: tuarccaib N. tossach aneich ... dorala foa
etorra, FM vi 2216.3 .
(f) g s. as adj. front, foremost: docunnaibh Sisian an
65leoman ... ar cois tosaigh `the front paw,' ZCP vi 293.25 .
do thochuil in leoghan ... derc ... lena chosaibh trennert-
mura tosaigh, Études Celt. i 91.15 . ar gach taobh do chuirr
thossaigh na luinge, FM vi 1822.7 .
(g) With various prepp. (i) ar t. ¤ , ar tosaig first, at first:
70 mad ar thosuch beid, Sg. 203a7 . is in faichte bes coir ar t. ¤ ,
Laws ii 16.18 Comm. caidi a damna, trá, ar tosaig?, Ériu
iv 220.28 . is é caislén an ghradha in fuath ar tosaigh, St.
Ercuil 2244 . co tainic loisi de ar tosaigh, 2487 . gnáth ar
tt. ¤ ag teacht di | fuaradh carad fa chéili, Studies 1921 ,
75 588 § 2 . mairg, a Dhé, thug ar tosaigh, Aithd.D. 12.12 .
grádh don chóir thug ar dtosaigh (:air). DDána 7.29 .
druim ar t. ¤ tug re a chineadh, 15.9 . im Brí Léith ar fir-
thossach, LL 163a35 . (ii) i tosuch at first: is hed inso no
chairigur i tossuch, Wb 11d1 . isme féin asbiur i tossuch,
80 14c30 . hi tossuch, 5a11 . ceist cindus rombatur int psailm
hi tosugh, Hib. Min. 7.208 . dús cia díb lasa ragtha i t. ¤ ,
BDD² 426 . romlēicidsa com longes hi tossach, TBC² 1010 .
teitsidi co lLáeg hi tossiuch, 1382 . srainis in milchu for in
leomun ... i t. ¤ , RC xxiv 174.9 . feraid tra imairig a tosuch
85comdar scitha ┐ dogniad cora fa dheoigh, vi 174.10 . (iii) ó
thosaig in the beginning: loise an tsaoghail mhóir-se a-
muigh | is eadh tháirreas ó thosuigh, DDána 37.20 . ní
huaibhse rug an nglaic ngloin | is ní dait tug ó thosoigh,
Studies 1918, 282 § 15 .
? comēt mo broinn mbuilid | nār līntar cen mesair | co
5rop dēniu a tosaig | a bith isin tesaig, ZCP vi 259 § 7.

tosaigid v g (tosach) begins: fa thuairim na haimsire sin do
thosaighsiod anas mo do na sloinntibh Gaoidhealcha ataid
in Erinn anosa, MS. Mat. 574.28 . tinnscnait ag[us] tos-
saighit ... a tturuis, Fl. Earls 192.3 . Vn. tossugud: cruth
10ropridchissem et dondechommar cucuib si i tossogod, Wb
24c17 .

tosanach adj o, ā (Probably from toísenach under the influence
of tosach) first: is fearr in cetfaidh thossanach olldas in
cetfaidh sin, BB 24a44 . noc as cuit t. ¤ , Ir. Astr. Tr. 30.y .
15 in n-acchaid na piasta tosanaidhe, BNnÉ 73.8 .

toscaigid vsee *do-foscaig.

toscéud n act of vomiting: gāir inna n-ithfernaidhe oc toscēud
inna n-anmunn arcend inna dāla, Ériu ii 138 § 135.

toscugud vn. of *do-foscaig. act of setting in motion;
20 movement, succession: in tóscugud inna clainde gl. successio,
Ml 72b27 . a thoscugud gl. processum, Thes. ii 29.36 . rogab
toscugud (tascugud, TBC 285 ) don chath `er hat begonnen
sich zum Kampf zu begeben
' (Windisch), TBC² 74 . mór-
bristi na talman a tosgugadh a n-agaid lochta an phobail
25pecaigh, De Contemptu 813 . ria toscughadh co com-
fhochraib Chetheree, LL 402a17 . foillsighidh tosgughadh
an teasa nadurda ag dol i teas minadurda, 23 K 42, 143.2 .

tosngachtaigid v g weighs: notosngachtaigthea gl. pendere,
Ml 78c3 . tosngachtaigimse gl. pendo, 79a9 . innahí tosn-
30gachtaighthae gl. inpendentia, 19b12 .

tost n[u, m.] tosd tasd sosd sasd, IGT Decl. § 95.
(a) silence: tast .i. tae-astas he, Corm. Y 1254 . apair
rim cia t. ¤ itáe, LL 209a21 . cia tast itir a-tái, PH 8124 .
cia tast ata for do chride, 8132 . ní ró cosg ar an gcroidhe |
35ní nó as tosd da theachtoire, Aithd.D. 10.13 .
(b) rest: gabsad t. ¤ nomaide for muir Caisp, BB 19a25 .
ní sámh lé a t. ¤ no a tiomáin, Aithd.D. 91.4 .
(c) In phr. i t. ¤ (i) silent: is ferr ... dinnisin inde beith
hi tast, LU 2486 . ní raibe freacra accosom, acht bith ina
40t. ¤ bic, RC ix 462.17 . a-tá n-a thosd ar tí ar meallta, DDána
30.18 . a measg biodhbhadh tarla a ttosd, IGT Decl. ex.
1702 . bi i t. ¤ , TFrag. 18.2 . bidh hi t. ¤ , RC xiii 6.16 . bid
bar tast, a oco, TTebe 1734 . bí t. ¤ (for bí it t. ¤ ): bi t. ¤ a
Cháilti, RC vii 300.153 . bí t. ¤ na tacair do scél, TBC 3202 .
45 bi t. ¤ dín a gillai, TBC 3255. (ii) quiet, at rest: atát inna
t. ¤ ... sech ni thecat ille ni thiagat innond, LU 1874 . ni
nglúased in sruth sain acht no thairissed ina th. ¤ , 1919 .
guitter ónt slóg forru bith na t. ¤ , TBC² 1426 . leicid in noi
ina t. ¤ cen imrum, RC ix 462.11 . benaid an t-iarand asan
50crand ... go mbeith an tsesrech ina t. ¤ , BCC 62.33 . oirisidh
in cu ina t. ¤ fochetoir, Aen. 1358 . is demin ... cid n-ar t. ¤
bemni dogentar in táin út, TFerbe 133 . cid cach no beith
na t. ¤ ni he no biad, Cog. 60.3 .

tostach adj[o,ā] (tost) silent: a Néill tastaig tóebgil, Ériu iv
55106 § 58. nír bo t. ¤ a buille for tuinn, Leb. Gab. i 60 n. 1 .
ag coimhed in dorais co tosdach, Aen. 2265 . co tai tastach,
TTebe 2939 . co tai tastach, Cog. 156.1 . ? otcondcadar ...
in lebarbró tasdach tiughadbal sin gá trén-innsaighidh,
Caithr. Thoirdh. 66.6 .

60 tostadach adj(tost) silent: comba taí tastadach (tastach, v.l.)
for Ultaib, MU² 119 . ba taí tastadach (tostach, v.l.) ar
Ultaib, 231 . co tai tostadhach taethenach, CCath. 1419 .
roimigh asan cathraigh amach co tai, tostadhach, ZCP vi
47.23 . ro táíeter lucht in tsidha uile co tái tostadhach,
65 Acall. 404 . do tharaincc go taoí tostadhach dia saigidh,
FM v 1586.4 .

tostaid v(tost) grows silent, is silent: amail tostas ... in gáeth,
CCath. 1694 . ro tost in slogh cechtarda, 2694 . tastais
seal ag fegad na ingine, TTebe 4417 . tosdait ┐ toirisid ...
70imon dorus, Aen. 2267.

tostanach adj(tost) silent: ba t. ¤ a tríatha fo thamhaibh báis,
Leb. Gab. i 66 n. 11 .

toṡúgad vn. of *do-súgai. act of imbibing (name of an
occult practice, see Thurneysen, ZCP xii 288 § 12 ): iss ē
75dono bēssad in gilla toṡūgad forcetail do t[h]engaīd a fithi-
dire, Corm. Y 676 . roḟoghluimsett na mic druighecht ┐
coimlecht ┐ admilluidh ┐ tosugud, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. ii
15.14 . tresin ceird toshuigthi fil lib, LL 119a7 . is olc in
chelg toshuigthė file lib, 119a11 .

80 tot n impact of water against object: méidightear fri t. ¤ tuinne
Clīodhna fri carraic, ZCP xiv 404.10 . ba cosmhail ┐ t. ¤
toinne for trácht gach bēim, 414.16 . ba merburba ina t. ¤
murtonn in mormara re hucht alla, CCath. 5792 . t. ¤ ol in
tond fae, Auraic. 1612 . tout ... .i. in guth trom doni an
85duine oga legad for an toind, 4890 . t. ¤ insma (sic leg., see
Thurneysen Sc.M² p. 31 ) dāerchland ic dul | i lloc sāerch-
land re slonnud, Misc. Hib. p. 9.15 . t. ¤ .i. tormán .i. tonn,
H. 4. 18 (quoted Auraic. voc. s.v. ).