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tre prep. with acc. (later also with dat. Cf. tri suidib, Ml
56b15 ), leniting (see Thurn. Gramm. § 856 ). Apart from
Ml, tre is the commoner form in the O. Ir. Glosses. tri,
70however, is frequent in Wb, and is the usual form in Ml
(tre, Ml 16a25 , 96a6 ). It is also found (much less commonly
than tre) in Sg (27a2 , 188a8 , 189b2 , 195b1 , 197b4 , 201b3 ,
213b8 ). tré is written with length-mark at Sg. 159a1 , and
frequently in the later language. trí (with length-mark)
75occurs at Wb 12c34 , Tur. 103 , Acr. 11c5 , Ml 2d5 , 14c16 ,
22b1 , 30a9 , etc. The form in -i is infrequent after the Old
Irish period (tri, ScM² 5 , Rosa Ang. 196.23 , ZCP vi 63.12 ,
70.8 ). With lenition of t- thré, LU 10606 (cf. thrempi,
PH 268 , and the Mod. Ir. forms with pron. suff. infra).
80The form tria is fairly common in all periods outside the
O. Ir. Glosses: Thes. ii 300.9 , 331.4 , Hib. Min. 244 , Laws
ii 374.12 , Mon. Tall. 154.4 , IT i 19.37 , PH 7431 , BDD²
1295 , Maund. 57 , and is the usual form in SR (168 , 1926 ,
3128 ). trie, IT i 267.24 . The form with pron. suff. 3 s.
85 tríd is used as simple prep. in Mod. Ir.: tríd fhear, IGT
Introd. 19.5 , trit stól, 23 K 42, 404.19 , trit na scelaib-sin,
ZCP vi 72.21 , most usually with article and possessives,
see infra. Note also tres gach, DDána 66.1 ; cf. tre gach
bhfear .l., tres gach bhfear .c., Bard. Synt. Tr. 3.6 .
With art.: sing. m. and f. tresin, Wb 20d13 , 30a13 , Sg
5 59b18 , 138a1 , 161b1 , 188a26 , 201a2 , Bcr. 32a8 , 34c2 , TBFr.
238 , PH 8086 . tresind, Mon. Tall. 141.z . tresan, TBC p.
837 n. 5 , IGT Decl. ex. 1121 . trésan, TSh. 190 , O'Hussey
T.C. 46.1. trisin, Wb 5b20 , 10b19 , 12d20 , Tur. 43 , 48 , 55 ,
68 , Sg. 209b31 , Ml 19b11 , 29b8 , 33d13 , 37a22 , etc. trissin, Wb
10 12d39 . triasin, SR 7580 , ScM.² 22.6 , PH 5137 . triasand
láim, BDD² 1511 . triasan, ZCP viii 114 § 14 . neut. tresa, Sg
32a8 , 197b2 . tressa, Wb 32c20 , tresṅgné `by the species,' Sg
73b1 . trisa, Wb 13a10 , Ml 20a6 , 30d19 , 37b7 . trissa, Wb
4d33 , Ml 15a13 , 37d16 , 42c23 , 54c15 , etc. triasa, BDD² 1435.
15Note also trit an firt, BColm. 88.2 . tríd an sgéal, Dán
Dé xxviii 31 . trit an talmain, Maund. 8.
Plur. tresna, Hib. Min. 445 , PH 4164 , Feis TC 779 . trésna,
Fél. Prol. 44 , TSh. 601 . trisna, Wb 4a6 , Tur. 65 , Ml 25b7 ,
36c19 , 38d18 , etc. triasna, PH 4657 , BColm. 106.2 .
20With pron. suff. 1 s. trium, Wb 23b30 . tríom, DDána
3.16 . 2 s. triut, Ml 44c11 , 88a16 , 17 , ScM.² 9 (tréot, v.l.),
Fél. Ep. 438 , IT i 70.14 , Ériu iii 137.55 . triut, LU 3255 .
trit-su, PH 2664 . treot, RC xxvii 276.3 . treót, LU 8139
( FB 10 ). thréodsa .i. thriodsa , O'Cl. tríod, TD 14.20 ,
25 DDána 110.47 . 3 s. m. and n. triit, Wb 1d4 , 2b15 , 8d11 ,
Ml 51b10 , Sg. 73b7 , 76b7 , Críth Gabl. 549 , SR 172 , IT i 76.6 .
tríit, Ml 51d1 , Sg. 43a3 , 148b7 . tríit, TBC 1184 . triitt,
BColm. 66.12 . trit, Wb 27c2 , Mon. Tall. 156.10 , PH 7792 ,
Laws i 44.1 Comm. , Rosa Ang. 40.3 . tríd, DDána 32.35 ,
30 Content. vii 15 , TSh. 9831 . With lenited th-: thrít, TBC
3264 . thríd, Ériu ix 165 § 25 , TSh. 10785 . 3 s. f. tree,
Wb 2c4 , 5c17 . trée, Sg. 25b14 . treæ, Ml 88b15 . trea (trethe,
v.l.), BDD² 1231 . tre(i)the, -i, ScM.² 1 , ZCP viii 104.18 ,
TBC 1946 , Laws i 144.2 Comm. , 24 P 8, 196.y (IGT), tréthi,
35 PH 2385 . trithe, Fél.² lxxvii 29 , Maund. 80 . trithi, St.
Ercuil 2493 . tríthe, TBC p. 651 n. 5 , DDána 54.28 . TD
10.25 (condemned in IGT, see citation below). With lenited
th—: thríthi, TD 13.8 . thríthe, IGT Decl. ex. 1065 . 1 pl.
triunni, Wb 14c16 , Ml 129d20 . tríonn, Dán Dé x 9 , DDána
40 40.17 . trín-ne, 40.28 . With lenited th-: thrínn, Dán
Dé xxvii 32 . thrín, Studies 1921, 589 § 7 . 2 pl. triib, Wb
3b22 . triuib, TTr.² 1766 . tribh, DDána 30.15 , TD 14.37 .
3 pl. treu, Wb 28c18 , 30c13 , Ml 42b13 , 42c11 . tréu, 42d2 .
treo, Sg. 4b4 , 138a4 , Críth Gabl. 540 , BDD² 1278 (treu,
45 tréu, v.ll.). tréo, TBC 3448 . treothu, SR 327 , 4311 , PH
1216 . treotho, AU i 578.7 . treotha, Laws i 44.10 Comm.
tretho, iii 362.22 . tretha, Ériu xii 190.y . trithu, PH 4637 ,
MR 194.15 . tritha, Marco P. 145 . tríotha, TSh. 8342 .
thríotha, A iv 3, 771.x . trithibh, BNnÉ 324.6 .
50In Mid. and Mod. Ir. also with infixed -m-, and -o- instead
of -e- (infl. of ré n-): 1 s. treamhum, DDána 39.23 . tréa-
mham (: dhéanamh), Ó Bruad. iii 22.5 . treamham .i. thriom,
O'Cl. 2 s. tremut, PH 2424 . tromud, YBL 149b7 . tromhat,
SG 69.34 . 3 s. m. tre(i)m(h)it, -d, PH 2645 , BColm. 78.23 ,
55 Laws v 172.z Comm. , DDána 101.8 (: dtig), FM iii 128.x ,
CCath. 3944 . treimheit (: dheit), Content. ix 7 . treimhid
.i. trid, O'Cl. 3 s. f. trempi, TTebe 3287 , MR 202.1 . troimpi,
IGT Decl. ex. 1124 (treimpi, v.l.). With lenition thrempi,
PH 268 . 3 pl. trempu, PH 8155 . treampa, Hugh Roe 94.18 .
60 treampa .i. triotha, O'Cl. treompo, TTebe 1909 . trompa,
24 P 8, 196.y (IGT), Leb. Gab. 104.16 , Lism.L. 4609 .
triomhtha, Ó Bruad. ii 190.10 .
The following forms are given for syllabic verse in Bard.
Synt. Tr. 7.21 : tríom, tromham, treamham; tríod, tríot
65 tromhad, treamhad, tromhat, treamhat; tríd, troimhe,
treimhe; tríotha, l. a ghearradh, trithe, l. a shíneadh,
troimpe, treimpe; troimhid, treimhid, troimhit, treimhit
...; trínn, tromhuinn, treamhuinn; tríbh, tromhuibh,
treamhaibh; tríotha, trompa, treampa.
70With poss. adj.: 1 s. trem, Wb 17b33 , 23b23 , 30a25 ,
TBC 3132 , TD 39.2 . trim, Ml 44b29 , 89a2 , 127a3 . triam,
RC vi 176.59 . 2 s. trit, Ml 62d4 , 87a9 . triat, SR 1484 , 1727 ,
TBC² 2811 . tret, ScM.² 11 (triat, v.l.), DDána 101.8 .
tred, TBC p. 617 n. 10 , DDána 56.9 . trét, PH 2599 . 3 s.
75and pl. tria, Wb 1b5 , Ml 37b23 , Sg. 211b5 , Críth Gabl. 214 ;
f. Wb 10a3 ; pl. Wb 8a14 , Ml 28d15 , Sg. 3a11 . tría, Ml 30c5 .
triánn drochgnímu, 84c14 . trea, Wb 29d29 , 33c7 , Hib.
Min. 214 ; f. TBFr. 234 (treda, MS.); pl. Wb 19a12 , 29a7 ,
Fél. Jan. 4 (tria, v.l.). tré, TTebe 1017 . thre, Ériu i 28.193 .
80 tré a, TSh. 472 . triana, SR 5201 , BDD² 1164 ; f. IT i
125.24 . trena, LU 3292 ; f. DDána 16.6 ; pl. PH. 7056 .
trina, Maund. 44 ; pl. TBC 3616 . tréna, TSh. 8343 ; f.
Dán Dé xxv 49 ; pl. Studies 1924, 242 § 11 . treimhid a
tromaibh, TBC p. 315 n. 2 . trīd a (sic MS.), Feis TC 1705 ,
85O'Cl. s.v. tré. 1 pl. triar , Ml 83c11 , 100d14 . trear, Wb 26a27 .
tre ar, DDána 10.5 . trénar, Dán Dé xxv 18 . 2 pl. tri bar,
Wb 9d24 . tri far, Ml 115b8 . tre bar, Wb 14c17 , 27a1 . tre
far, 23d16 . tre bhar, DDána 95.22 .
With aile: trialaile, Wb 10a4 . trinaroile, St. Ercuil
2156 . trenaroili, 809 .
5With rel.: trisa mbí, Wb 3d21 . trissa nétatsat, Ml
57a3 . trisnansoirthae, 124a8 . trisá netar, 126b19 . trisin-
damrobae, 126d11 . tresa mbí, Wb 23b5 . tresindippiat,
tresindabia, 25d8 . tressa naithnuigther, Thes. ii 253.12 .
tresambed, Mon. Tall. 164.7 . tres-in iumfhoilngither, PH
10 6250 . trias-a roichet, 5904 . triasradībdad, Cáin Ad. 21 .
tríasa n-agailledar, RC xiii 269.13 . tre' tig, PH 7792 .
tré dtuillmid, Donl. 152.12 . tre a bhfuil, DDána 107.6 .
tre ar fhás, 10.17 . tré nach faghar, Content. xvi 85 . trina
tic, ZCP vi 272 § 11 . trinar marbh se, 279.2 . tríd nar
15bh'oircheas, DDána 46.1 . thríd nach fuighinn, 25a.4 .
tremit ar harced, Ann. Conn. 1236.12 .
I In local senses.
(a) through . Of countries, territories, etc.: dia luid
duaid ... tri glenn iosofád, Ml 58c4 . rethid ... tré airechtu
20athluma, | tre buidnib ban ..., | tre cholltib, tre chathracha
(of the writer's thoughts), Ériu iii 14 § 3 . do hionnarbadh
inn | tre Chlár ... bhFéilim, TD 15.9 . along roads, across
bridges, fords, etc.: trisna cemmen i nandais beus gl. hii
psalmi graduum dicuntur qua in ascensu Templi canebantur
25per ea interualla ... `through the steps on which they continued
to halt
,' Ml 133b4 . trisna foirthiu ailitherdi gl. peregrina
per marmora `through the foreign fords (?),' Tur. 65 . ni
bhaoi conair ... act trésan droichet, Hugh Roe 94.18 .
triall ... tré bhealach bhriste na cána, TSh. 2589 . Of
30apertures, doors, etc.: ol in spiurt noib tri giun in fatho,
Ml 74d13 . do aircechain tria ginu na fer fireon, Laws i
16.6 . cethri drolaim ... | asind airc ... | dá drol treothu,
SR 4311 . bid indtechta tria críathar n-átha bar ṁbrúar,
BDD² 1295 . tria tholl na comla, Arch. iii 308 vi 20 . nos
35tairnged tria ladraib a choss, TBC 1408 . trit in dorus sin,
ZCP vi 284.32 . through the midst of a crowd of people, army,
etc.: acht mad treo docoí `except he have gone through them
(the enemy)
' (note), Críth Gabl. 540 . culu tria neit ... .i. amal
teit carpat ... tria chath, ACC 2 . dolen Sir Heront trit in
40cath e, ZCP vi 69.22 . dol trempa gan airisiumh, FM vi
2162.x . Of buildings: cóic shéoit i ndul tria thech tria
lías, Críth Gabl. 214 . ragaid ... tria choimtig inn rígthaigi
(a sword), BDD² 1248 . secht sligeda trethe (of a bruden),
ScM.² 1 . Of garments, shields, etc.: co tregda in fer tria
45scíath, Críth Gabl. 555 . atconnairc Cu Chulaind ... a
gualaind tresin cochull, LU 3788 . ro gonadhsan cach tairsí
┐ treithi ┐ séici (bricht comga), TBC p. 359 n. 7 . Of the body
or parts of the body: ? rog[lan]ad són tria deis gl. arcton
[dextra tenet] (simile of the four parts of the Cross and the
50four cardinal points), Tur. 142 . bróenán fola ... | tria
thóebán, Fél. Ep. 352 . triam taebh, RC vi 176.59 . triana
chend, TBC 1268 . budh iomdha ... tre chneas ... | soighead,
TD 16.66 . Of a surface, skin, the earth etc.: cach luib
tricc ticc tria thalmain, SR 1926 . nocha bhí clúmh trés
55an gcreig | nach creid ... dhuid `there is no verdure on the
rock but trusts
...,' Dán Dé xxix 26 . Cf. co faisctis a drucht
┐ a uanfadh tremit so that its dew and foam were squeezed
from it
(of the moon), CCath. 3944.
Various: anadchither tri themel, Wb 12c12 . ni forcmat
60óin chomsuidigud trea nuili aimsera `through all their
tenses
,' Sg. 157b9 . arbeittet bairtni bindi | tri laith linni
ainm nAeda `melodious bardisms modulate through pools
of liquor the name of Aed
,' Thes. ii 295.17 . condelgdar
tresna thri grad `it is compared through the three degrees,'
65 Hib. Min. 445 . atracht iarom trena chotlud, LU 3292 , `he
arose then out of his sleep
,' SC² 82 . ionmhuin taidhbhse
táinig sonn | aréir trem chodladh chugom, TD 39.2 . íar
ndul triit after it has leaked (of a cauldron), Críth Gabl. 549 .
comhradh leanb ar luaidheadh thrín `all that we uttered
70was childish talk
' (lit. all that was mentioned among us),
Studies 1921, 589 § 7 . re dul thríd in going through it (a
book), Donl. iv 11.
(b) Implying mixture, mingling, etc.: imchomarc co
naithisib triit `a question with revilings through it,' Ml 54c13 .
75 snechta tria shín lūades gáeth `through a snowstorm,' Thes.
ii 331.4 . fuair Dia ... | domblas aoi tre fhíon arsuidh,
Aithd.D. 98.30 . fuaim a sruth ... | tre ghuth ainglidhe a
healtan, TD 13.5 . an clúmh ┐ an luaith do chor tréna
chéile, TSh. 174 . In phrases corresponding to the Mod.
80Ir. tré theine on fire: atā trē doiger derg-lasrach donn-
ruaide (of a burning wood), ML² 958 . cáer theinntidhe
dfaicsin tre lasadh ó mhullach an tighe, ITS xvi 8.28 . fuair
a réghlés féin tré choirthir smáil teineadh ┐ tennáil, Ériu
v 76.24 .
85(c) Personal forms ref. to object of verbs of cutting :
co treghdfad in tsleg trithi hī (a pig), Fianaig. 66.12 . gur
comraind in imdaig ... trempi co talmain and cut clean
through the couch
, MR 202.1 . roscris in t-eideth ara druim
┐ rogerr in dilat aluind oraighi trithi cut through the saddle,
ZCP vi 70.28 .
5(d) 3 s. trít in adverbial phrases. t. ¤ sís, anuas, siar
throughout: ┐ a n-illradh tríd sís, IGT Decl. § 42.11 .
greagh, cert lethan tríd sís as .c. aige, § 45. inann ghabaid
[uile] tríd anúas (of nouns declined in same way), § 37 . a lán
féinneadh feadh an tighe, | tríd siar `all through the house,'
10 TD 11.17 . t. ¤ amach absolutely, completely: aderim gurub
é is lan and trit amach `absolute fulness,' Rosa Ang. 40.3 .
Note also : ni triit tarsnu toimsideir not diametrically is it
measured
(the earth), SR 172.
(e) téit tre lit. goes through (of an attack, battle-charge):
15 rachthair thairsiu is tréo, TBC 3448 . docuatarsom foithib
┐ tríthu ┐ tarrsa, D iv 2, 45ra44 . is trithu nach tiaghar,
MR 194.15 . violates, breaks (an oath): arna te nech tria
lugae, Ml 36a23 . dul tria aitiri, Críth Gabl. 306 . Cf. nach
ccuirfeadh féin ... trīd a mhionnuibh é (sic leg.), Feis TC
20 1705 . ? cid fín bárc do-téised treut (treu, treothu, v.ll.),
BDD² 740 (see note).
II In temporal senses.
(a) tri rei ciana `for long times,' Ml 90d14 . condib tria
nuile ṁbethaid ón dano ┐ nib cuit ree `that it should be so
25through their whole life
,' Tur. 71 . do toscelad áiss aescai
... tri bliadni incholnigtheo `through the years of the Incarnation,'
Thes. ii 41.24 . isintt urtt chetna biae tre cach oena
`(thou) shalt continue under the same rule through each fast,'
Mon. Tall. 154.3 . tres-in sechtmain-sea throughout this week,
30 PH 461.
(b) In adverbial phrase tre bithu, tre bith sír, etc., for
ever, everlastingly: tre bithu, Fél. Mar. 31 . do gress doib,
... tria bithu coa airfitiud, SR 684 . tria bitho, Snedgus u.
Mac R. 12 § 52 . tria bitha sír, ZCP viii 108.17 . tre bhiotha
35síor, TD 15.18 . tria bith sir, PH 1938 . tre bhioth síor,
TD 13.39 . tria bithu betha, TBC 2704 . tré shaoghal na
saoghal in saecula saeculorum, TSh. 2052.
III Indicating the medium or attendant circumstances of
a communication, action, etc. (in many of the follg. exx. the
40meaning approximates to that in IV infra).
(a) tri insci redi ... duadbat som ... `through speech ...,'
Ml 51c11 . dufornditer ... a ngnimae inna rig sin tri delba
ban, 65c16 . tri throp ` figuratively ,' 65b14 . in moltai
dogniín se tri bindius ┐ chlais, 136a8 . rosluinter ... tre
45rangabáil in persan hisin, Sg. 189b2 . doasilbthaer triit
som gníim ... do neuch (of the word sui), 209a1 . in tre
prois ... roceta int[ṡ]ailim, Hib. Min. 175 . titul do scribend
... tria litrib Ébra, PH 2877 . cennsa ... ┐ 'áilgeni tuicther
tres-in snechta is understood by, 3386 . cōic anmand dēc
50tre blaid mbinn | fil d'anmanaib for Bōïnn, ZCP viii 106.1 .
tuic let ... na Tiabanda taetencha i sidh in[a] cathrachaib
... trésna helaib understand by the swans ... the Thebans,
TTebe 1233 . coic cetfada ... rotidhnaicedh o Dhia don
cinedh doenna ... d'fegad De trompa, Lism.L. 4609 . nolabraidis
55na ceithri tre glor ndaenda with a human voice, CCath.
886 . adbeart ... trē bhogāssaigh urlapra ┐ trē dhānacht
glōir ... go raghadh, Pl. Earls 50.3 . Note also: ata dedi
ara scribhtar in tituil tria derg in red ink, Hib. Min. 241.
(b) Introducing the particular language of a communication:
60 trí ilbélre gl. linguis loquens, Wb 12c34 . co n-epistlib
immdaib ... tria Goedeilg, IT i 19.37 . berla na filed,
triasa n-agailledar cach dib a chele, RC xiii 269.13 . bennaighes
tre n-a thengaid fein doib-sen, KMMisc. 317.12 .
(c) With abstract noun indicating the attendant circumstances
65of an action: isber Mói[d]ógc tria ocla móir
`in great wrath,' BColm. 74.7 . do sloind tre medhair mhileis
`told with sweet gladness,' Ériu iv 116.16 . roboi cinniud
tria chombáig `a comrades' covènant,' RC iii 183.7 . adeirid
cách liom tré rún | go bhfuil ..., TD 22.20 . "cuin do bhí
70againn t'éara" | cantar uainn tré aithmhéala, DDána
29.25 . do gluais fein tre mire ┐ tre mormenmain ... roime
in anger and haughtiness, L. Chl. Suibhne 4.1 . Cf. adeirim
ris an saoghal cromadh trésan déirc to resort to almsgiving,
TSh. 190.
75(d) Introducing the authorisation of an action, the
person or thing invoked, etc.: is tri ísu predchimse, Wb
1d9 . guidmit-ne ... tu-sa ... tré-t miadamla, PH 2599 .
soghuidhe an rí tres an rí tres an ríoghain, DDána 30.27 . do bhean-
naigh[ea]dur damh tresna déibh, Feis TC 779.
80 IV Instrumental and causal. These two meanings
merge into each other, and in O. Ir. particularly many
exx. will bear either interpretation (cf. Fraser, ZCP viii
61 f. ).
(a) Instrum. through, by means of: condagaibtis int ais
85amprom tria nintleda `through their snares,' Ml 31c6 . adcho-
tadsam triar saithar, 92c5 . amal is trí accomol nildule
conterissedar in domon sic imfolangar oínmolad do dia tri
chocetal inna nule ṅdule, 145c4 . á híc tria fuil, Wb 2b11 .
ce rudglanta tri bathis, 4a6 . in tan dombeir in dea aithesc
tre chomthoud talmaidech, Sg. 162a4 . tre airde ┐ firto,
5 Thes. ii 253.4 . is tre trocuiri ... dotaegar hi cresiniu, Hib.
Min. 356 . ro promtha tré martrai, Fél. June 27 . donrat
fri saeth tria aslach, SR 1342 . niba hicc deitsiu tre Findio
`thou shalt get no cure through Findio,' Mon. Tall. 154.15 .
do sarughadh tria firta ┐ mirbaile `overcome by the great
10signs and miracles
,' Laws i 14.19 . tri neim ... no-bíata
co-ralta ár fer n-Ērenn impe (of a pig), ScM.² 5 . cia ...
nách greisfider im dénum maithiusa trias-na mírbulib-sea,
PH 4657 . rob ingnadh le cāch a ceird | ... | triasa fa[g] ba-
dais crodh cain `whereby they won goodly treasure,' Ériu
15 iv 174 § 9 . co findud slondud trit beos `he discovers the
name by this means
,' Laws i 44.1 Comm. braighde Ēirenn
... | gabhais tre rīghe is tre nert, ZCP viii 108.22 . foill-
sighthir do triana eochraib écsi ... E. do bith i sith B.L.,
IT i 129.22 . do fhionnfuinn thríd do threisi `I should
20learn thy strength by it
,' Ériu ix 165 § 25 . dá raibhe ní sa
mheasa ... dheallruigheas tréna ghné specie sui, TSh. 8343 .
Cf. rohicait a crecha ris dona buaib tremi⃛ ar harced he
in the matter of which he had been plundered, Ann. Conn.
1236.12 .
25(b) Causal on account of, by reason of (frequent with
follg. vn.): combad mou de la dia a serc tri epert dosom
adruthreb side indib, Ml 92c4 . amal dundechutar doinmecha
dunni triar pecthu, 111c14 . is tria hiris rambái cach maith,
Wb 2c13 . is hed dotheít de tre ilar na ndáne i nilur na
30persan `through the multitude of the gifts in the multitude of
the persons
,' 22a11 . tre thesbaid naich baill dind deilb,
Sg. 5a5 . cid tre étged rop othar, Críth Gabl. 61 . tré chin
drochmna, IT i 75.6 . co n-éigit na haingil co sérb ... tria
mar dho-míllset na dáine in gáel glaine do-bí doib ríu,
35 PH 7431 . tresna ceōlaib sein ar sein | do creit Grigair
in Comdid, ZCP viii 114.18 . is treothu na mortlaidi (faults
of a prince), Arch. iii 315 § 36 . do chogadh tre chloinn
nUisnigh `to avenge,' Aithd.D. 6.31 . tre bheith do shluagh
flatha Fáil | re luadh gcatha, TD 4.37 . is glór tré dhlús
40dighe soin `they (i.e. words) are inspired by hard drinking,'
Content. xxv 4 . ba cara do-sam cech oen dib trena athair
┐ tremit fein on his father's account and on his own, Ann.
Conn. 1225.6 . adubairt go crochfadh a muinntir uili tre
bas in dithrebaig, Maund. 128 . is í cúis uma dtáinig Par-
45tholón ... tré mar do mharbh sé a athair `because he had
slain his father
,' Keat. i 160.74 . na sagairt ghlacas leagáid ...
tre ghuidhe orra in return for, on condition of , TSh. 4513 .
tángadar teachta ó rígh Laighean ... do thairgsin séad ┐
maoine dhóibh ... ó Laighnibh tré thilleadh don Mhumain
50tar a n-ais `if they returned,' Keat. iii 3146 . In phrase trít sin
therefore: as tridsin do impoatar Ulltaigh ... airsium, RC
xviii 268.24 . tríd sin, Keat. ii 654 . treimit sin, Fen. 302.15 .
tremit-side, Ann. Conn. 1284.2 . do-icc tre is brought about
by, is due to: is triuib tháníc cech n-olc, TTr.² 1766 . na
55huilc-si do thecht trit, PH 7792 . nó go ndéanann mo chlí
cionnta | ní fhéaghann sí a dtiocfa tríd, Dán Dé x 5 . is
tromhat táinic lot ... mu ríghisea, SG 69.34 .
In compds. tremi-, tris- with vbs., tre- with nouns and
adjj. (often as intensive prefix), see separate articles.