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40 2 tress adjPerh. orig. o,ā (see Ped. ii 135 ), but usually unde-
clined. O. Ir. tris. d s m. triuss, Wb 7c8 . g s f. imm iarmerge
... na tresi aidche, Thes. ii 311.29 . In some cases in O. Ir.
may form compd. with follg. noun ( Thurn. Gramm. § 395 ).
(a) third: int oéntu inna áeccalsa déde insin et hésom
45triuss `the unity of the church, that is two, and he himself
as the third
,' Wb 7c8 . is trí fer robói in tris diltud dosom,
Tur. 103 . tris accuis, Ml 118d16 . tris fer, Sg. 2a5 . tris litir
immurgu hi tosuch syllabe `the third letter, therefore, in the
beginning of the syllable
', 20b3 . foxlidi tresdiil inso sís `these
50below are ablatives of the third declension
,' 104b1 . mad eirr
ind aithgin iar tres cinud `if he pay restitution after the third
crime
,' Laws ii 188.9 . in tres adaig dano luid Cu Chulaind
isin sudi, LU 9082 ( FB 83 ). conúargabad dano Pól apstal
cosin tres nem, LU 1954 ( FA 2 ). co dorus in tres nimi, LU 2100 ( FA 16 ).
55 i cind in tres laithe, BDD² 1497 . iarsin t. ¤ troscud, Mon. Tall.
157.12 . dorumalt Moisi ... | ann tresraind a aimsire, SR
3784 . conarraid in tresechlach comrád ḟorru, TBC 124 .
is-in t. ¤ uair ina óidche, PH 1490 . tres gné de randaigecht,
IT iii 16.20 . .x. mili .xx. sa treas corughudh `thirty thousand
60in the third division
,' St. Ercuil 1043 . caínim fan treas
osnadh é, IGT Decl. ex. 1070 . an treas glún ó Chonn, TD
26.51 . ar shliocht an treas taoisigh, Keat. i 202.3 .
(b) one of three: is i trisfintiu in so confodlaiter fo chob-
daili crich (`the third tribe-property'), Laws iv 164.13 . is
65triut atá in tres anim fil for mnáib Ulad, LU 3255 ( SC 5 ).
cosin tres mac imlesan na hoensúla, BDD² 641 . ro marbhsat
in tres taisech is ferr do bí isin Roim `they had killed one of
the three best captains
' (the third best?), CCath. 1589 . tres
ṅ-dírime na tána, TBC 2656 . atbert in tris clerech =unus
70ex illis dixit, Lat. Lives 67.16 . comad breth cach tres
brīathar atberad `that one of every three words he might
say should have the authority of a judgment
,' BColm. 98.3 .
in treas sét is ferr fuair Find, Acall. 20 . an t. ¤ gaisgedach
na Tiabanda `one of the three Theban heroes,' TTebe 4879 .
75 muna fhuilnge ar meas do Mhuire | ní fhoighbhe an treas
duine dhínn `unless He allow Mary to judge us, He will not
get even one out of every three of us
,' Dán Dé x 3.
(c) In compd. ord. numerals: ha tris timchel deacc
thirteenth , Thes. ii 33.23 . in treas rann sesgat ind uile
80`sixty-third part of the whole,' Laws ii 370.22 Comm. ro
ṡuidig in tres cuibrend x. cor ba mou he indás cech cúibrend,
IT i 40.12 . Kl. enair for Mairt ┐ tresfichit fuirre `January
1 on a Tuesday, and the 23d (day of the moon) thereon
,' RC
xviii 194.9 .
85Compds. ¤ glórmar thrice-glorious: tri pearsanna treas-
ghlórmhar na Trinoide, ZCP iv 428.20 v.l. ¤ gonaid wounds
a third time: gonais Eōgan, ┐ ath-ghonais ┐ tres-gonais
Eōgan eiséin, ML² 1895.

3 tress n ā, f., IGT Decl. § 39 (91.14) . spell, while, turn: tuc
treas adhmolta ann sin ar Chonán (dreas, v.l.), CF 763 .
5 tuc treas ar thoirrsi, Acall. 1742 . ? do bérainn tres re
leigend, ZCP x 32.26 . tuc se t. ¤ mor admolta ar Gaideluib
`for a long space then he was praising all the Gaels,' BCC
282.19 . mu leicen ... do sheinm tressi `to let me ... to play
for a while
,' Lism.L. xiii 29 . treas ar uabhar ord gach riogh
10`even a king's majesty is but a spell of pride,' Aithd.D. 79.15 .
a mhná, guileam tre Ghlais Air | is tugam ar dtreas 'na
dhiaidh, Measgra D. 58.2 . mo ghlór mar thugas threis
nguil | ac techt os taisib Donnchaidh, IGT Decl. ex. 1071 .
? on tres go ceili, Rosa Ang. 4.16 . Cf. dres, gres.

15 tressach adj o, ā (1 tress) warlike, fierce: im ba sessoch, im ba
seng, | im ba t. ¤ foliṅgg tond, ZCP x 46.7 . comrac ...
treasach taibhdearg, CF 482 . grīb thuir thricc thressaig,
for torc, Bruchst. 55 § 123 . ? cechaing thondaig tresaigh
maghain mongaigh rónaigh, ZCP viii 197 § 5 . fer (fir ?)
20tresaigh flaith nach fuicfi fercheinel, LL 386b14 . As n. pr.
Tressach, Ériu i 128.16 .

tressaidecht n ā, f. (1 tress) pugnacity, fierceness: a Dhé
... | traoch a dtreasaidheacht eascaoin bhuaireas me,
Hackett xxv 3 . treasuidheacht ... le hógaibh, xxvi 16 .

25 ? tresta adj .i. treda three-fold (of the Trinity), Thes. ii 351.43
(trīnóit testa, 6).

trét n o, m. IGT Decl. § 62. (a) flock, herd: orcc conranda
cindta fri tret `a small pig that shares the fines with the
herd
,' Laws iv 108.8 . cé thúirtir a thréta `if his flocks are
30scrutinized
,' Fél. Prol. 230 . dobert secht multu úade | a t. ¤
ni-s-dígaib al-lín, Lib. Hymn. 118.72 . atchíat tréta móra
di chairib inti .i. t. ¤ dub ... ┐ tret gel, LU 1728 . na
treoit chairach, SR 2961 . cen tróetu (leg. treótu ?) muc
for oenróen, 5650 . scailfidir in tret co glé, 7715 . truid .i.
35ōn treōd i mbī asberad, Corm. Y 1236 . teit din fo thrédu
Gargán, PH 7227 . mo lennán mo thoga tréoit, IT iii 498
§ 11 . is iat treda bís oc an edpairt, LB 257a87 . do rithus a
Témraig na tréd, Acall. 7365 . treóid mhalla táinte troma,
IGT Decl. ex. 968 . caora as gach tréid (form ?), Keat.
40 iii 628.
(b) host, band (of people): tréd do ba shaoire re saighidh
`a community, the noblest for the onset,' O'Gr. Cat. 472.5.
tréad is éadána ar ḟilidh `a company most modest towards
poets
,' TD 42.3 . tréad dob uamhain d'iongabháil `a band
45dangerous to oppose
,' 26.33 . tréad féinneadh gan cruas um
chradh, Keat. ii 1525.

treta n(-é- ?) (Engl. treat) plaster, poultice: apostolicon .i.
t. ¤ nó cerin, Arch. i 331 § 17 . et in plastrum apostolicon
is e sin t. ¤ ┐ plastra is ferr, Ir. Texts v 4.19 . eolas do denam
50tretadha cum na cnead ann so, 8.13 . cuirter an t. ¤ so risan
muinel =ponatur istud emplastrum super collum, O'Gr.
Cat. 206.33. lē trētaigibh = cerotis, RSláinte 9297.

trétach adj o, ā (trét) abounding in flocks: a Tir tredaig Tairn-
gaire, Im. Brain 87.11 . ba hé lín a ṡlúaig thrétaig | tricha
55do chétaib fo thrí ` flocking ,' Met. Dinds iv 370.39 . a hinis
trétaig Trich, TTr. 1192 . im torc trethan trétaig,
TBC 3418 . dá ingin Tuathail trétaig, SG 360.24 . ag
iarraidh an tire treall | Tairngire tredaigh tren-seng, BNnÉ
79.34 . i tTailltin trēdaig, ZCP viii 220 § 25 . do shról ...
60Thire thréadaighe ... Tharrngaire, ML 110.31 . san ráith
tréadaigh thobarmhoill, TD 27.11 .

trétaige n[io],m. (trét) shepherd: is gráineamhlacht a nuile
thréaduighe cáorach ag na hÉgiptibh, Gen. xlvi 34 . éighimh
an tréduighe, Jer. xxv 36 . In fig. sense pastor: ni bhfuil
65aoinneach inte (i.e. the church) acht caora no treudaidhe,
Luc. Fid. 361.14 . pasduiri no treudaidhthe, 17 . creud é
ar ndualgas do thaobh ar dtreuduighe nó ar sagairt féin,
Donl. 138.23 . a shréadaidhe, O'Gr. Cat. 578.1.

trétamail adj i (trét) abounding in flocks: an teglach trēdamhail,
70 ZCP viii 212.25 .

trethaebledach xsee táibledach.

1 trethan n o, m. IGT Decl. § 11 (55.8) ; but g s. na trethno ,
RC xi 131.60 . See Meyer, Primer of Ir. Metrics, Glossary .
(a) sea, partic. stormy sea, storm: treathan .i. tonn, O'Cl.
75 treathan .i. fairrge, ib. treathan .i. ainbhthean, no gairbh-
thean mara no uisge, ib. treathan, Eg. Gl. 604 . t. ¤ gl.
gurges, Sg. 66b1 . saill tuirc trethain (.i. mara), Thr.
Ir. Gl. 133.1 . tabuirt tar t. ¤ , Laws v 298.11 .i. do lar na
fairgi, 19 Comm. torad cach trethain, 484.1 . céssad cáin
80Clémentis | eter tonna trethain `among the sea's waves,'
Fél. Nov. 23 . as aidbliu cech th. ¤ `who is vaster than any
sea
,' April 22 . ata mórthruimm threthain `whose seas are
great and heavy
,' June 27 . t. ¤ trom ainbthine, LU 8709 .
rí conic trethnu torann, SR 5254 . Dauid co trethnaib tor
85trell, 6697 . estecht re t. ¤ tuinne, Anecd. ii 24 § 9 . tríath
trethain co trumma thair `a great and mighty sea in the
east
' (of a lake), Met. Dinds. iii 224.23 . fo threthun in
tṡaeb-chaire `beneath the whirlpool's stormy water,' iv 84.48 .
doaitne ... na treathnu sroibthenedh imm na tuatha derga
`illumines ... the seas of sulphurous fire,' Ériu ii 124 § 68 .
5 ic tinol na ramadh robristea do threthan na fairrgi, Aen.
1012 . la tolgān ┐ t. ¤ na ttonn, Fl. Earls 12.26 . lotar lá t. ¤ an
tsrotha go rangatar an mhuir `with the current of the tide,'
FM v 1862.y .
(b) Metaph. uproar, fury, thundering: t. ¤ ágach (of a
10warrior), ScM.² 15 . coná ro sguirsed do'n treathan, ocus
do'n tarb-gleic `they did not desist from these mighty
struggles
,' MR 256.11 . do toirneamh a threthain `to
restrain his fury
,' 254.13 . co cūalatar trechan an marcaigh
ar a cend, ZCP xiii 372.30 . co cluinte ... a t. ¤ ┐ a tograim
15isin aéor úasa, RC xxvii 270.26 . ar muir ar tir mor a t. ¤ ,
Fen. 228.23 . tanic t. ¤ ┐ talam—chumscugud mor isin tal-
main, TTebe 2932 . gáir na mbadhbh treathan na tei-
neadh | leathadh arm tre sgeimheal sgíath, IGT Decl. ex.
1341 . ro bātar na srāide ar comhchrithnughadh ... ō th. ¤ ...
20na heachraidhi, Fl. Earls 186.11 . la t. ¤ , ┐ lá tendáldacht na
teineadh, FM vi 1964.29 . Mac Rónáin i ngleoágh ba treathan
`strong in fray,' Ó Bruad. i 40.y . borb a threathan ar gach
tráigh `bold on every shore was the fury,' Content. ii 1.
The follg. exx. may also belong to this word: tren for
25t. ¤ in-Egept, SR 3644 . cetnagnim gnisset marchloc | dabach
humai ... | t. ¤ derb tri fer ṅdeec, 4200 . fairsing treathan a
throm-shluaigh (`the tracks of his heavy host'), Content. ii 2.
Compds. ¤ borb furiously fierce: ina tuinti t. `in their
furious band
,' Fianaig. 88.13 . ¤ gáir stormy roar: treath-
30angair adhbul ┐ tairm tonn-mar na n-uili uisci, RC xxviii
310.11 . ¤ garb rough and stormy: trí tonna tul-ghorma
treathan-gharbha, CRR² 88.8 . ¤ gel bubbling and bright (?):
do thiprait trethangil, LL 34a39 (=don tiprait tonngil,
Ériu iv 100 § 36 ). ¤ glas foaming and green, sea-green:
35 immar thoirm tuinne trethan-glassi, CRR 12.18 . ingen
Togach trethanglais, Ériu iv 156.26 . gusin tTeamhraigh
treathain-ghlais, Feis TC 1304 . ¤ miscnech hateful and
stormy: fregartha tenna tul-borba treathan-misgnecha na
tonn, ML² 660 . ¤ mór furious: sraonanna teineadh treathan-
40mhóire, CRR² 78.24 . i dteinidh threathan-mhóir thréan-
lasrach, TSh. 5740 . ¤ ruad fiercely blazing: dorinde Ercuil
tor treathanruagh ... teinntighi, St. Ercuil 2535 . tor
tenedh trithinruaidhe, 1362 . for tuind trethanruaidh,
ZCP vi 297.29 (see trichem). ¤ tond: tathig trethan-tonn
45do dind `the sea tide,' Met. Dinds. ii 12.42 .
See also 3 tríath.