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1 tríath n o, m. IGT Decl. § 95 (g s. -a). Given in Laws iv 344.2
75as highest of twenty-six `titles of dignity.' lord, chieftain,
king: trīath .i. rīg treime ethae īathae, Corm. Y 1198 .
trīath rí didiu, trēith a rēim ... tīrsīth a taithmech, 1202 .
orc tréith .i. nomen do mac ríg. triath enim rex vocatur ,
Thr. Ir. Gl. 34 . `t. ¤ ' rígh go rogha ndealbha, Met. Gl. 8 § 2 .
80 `t. ¤ ' ainm do cach tigherna, 9 § 2 . fri triath tailc taurgaib,
BDD² 1041 . is t. ¤ tailc tnuthgaile, LU 8960 . t. ¤ ... is ainm
dano do ríg, toísech na márthúath, Comp. Con C. 38 § 42 .
'moa raltais turu trēith, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 41 § 31 . Oliuana,
baigthi treith extolled by princes (?), SR 2499 . Iob trénfer
85derbtha treith, 6917 . t. ¤ trethain co trumma thair a mighty
lord of the sea eastwards
, Met. Dinds. iii 224.23 . bid hé do
chomainm tréith tall, iv 228.27 . Temraig na t. ¤ , 15 . ro-
thairmcell triathu trét, ii 82.30 . dursan do thriath cen beith
béo, Arch. iii 305 § 1 . triath nembras (of Christ), Anecd.
i 39.y . a tríath chuca ar cūairt ar sin, ZCP viii 116.10 .
5 mór ríg ... mór t. ¤ , TTr.² 1015 . o thriath na cceimenn
ccadais (of the Pope), BNnÉ 283.32 . tréit ocus taisig, Cog.
160.7 . ro dílceand triathu Tiabandai, Alex. 72 . a fiadh-
naise a dhā t[h]riath, ML² 1236 . a ua na dtriath ba tréine
i dtreas, Dánfhocail 256 . ar sgáth fola Thriaith na Rann
10(of Christ), 200 . Lugh Lámhḟada, triath Teamhra, TD
6.15 . triatha ar tuisleadhaigh chieftains stumbling, TSh.
6610 . ba cara dósomh triath an tíre, FM vi 1924.4 . As
n.pr. Triath mac Feabail, Ériu xii 142.28 .
Meaning uncertain in phrase (n.pr. ?) torc, orc tréith,
15tríath (see C. O'Rahilly, Ireland and Wales pp. 120 - 122 ):
orc trēith .i. ainm do mac rīgh: trīath enim rex uocatur.
Ōenach n-uirc trēith .i. biadh ┐ ēdach lōghmar, etc., Corm. Y
1018 . i n-óenach tuirc thréith, RC xxvi 26.z . is aco robai
torc triath .i. righ torcraidhi Erenn ┐ is de ata Magh Triath-
20airne, BB 34b35 = is aca fós baoi Triath-rí-thorc ó ráidhtear
Treitheirne Mumhan, Keat. i 218.18 . Cf. 2 tríath.
Compds. ¤ aire chieftain: triur ... triath-airech, MR
152.12 . ¤ ben princess: bean súd go dtréidhibh triathmhná,
Aithd.D. 87.18 . ¤ bla ?: ced Fiacha Scraptene imrá |
25triathbhla tailc threibe Temra, LL 132a39 . Fiacra fer
na feili | cotgab triathblai ar trení, IT iii 57.16 . ¤ buiden
princely host: dar triathbhuidnib togaidi in talman, MR
116.3 . ar ttocht dá triathbuidhnibh na timchell, FM v
1574.4 . ¤ buidnech having princely hosts: a thriathbhuidh-
30nigh Fhuinn Fhiachuidh, DDána 63.11 . ¤ chnoc princely
height: ós tríathchnocc taulcháin Taillten, Ériu iv 96.6 .
¤ chú noble hound: don triathchoin, DDána 118.12 . ¤ eigre
noble heir: don óigh mhaothainnre as treise ar a triathoidhre,
Aithd.D. 72.11 . ¤ luchtmar peopled with nobles: lúth-
35rochtain dúine Dé an teaghlaigh thriathlachtmhair, Aithd.D.
76.20 . (?) ¤ lám: .h. Tigernmais na triathlam, LL 17b34 .
¤ lonn nobly angry: curaid ... triath-lonn, MR 182.4 .
¤ luinne noble anger: re triath-luinne a trén-taisech, MR
184.3 . ¤ onchonta having lordly standards (?): tor tenn t.
40taisech, Caithr. CC 6.z . ¤ ruire noble king: madh áil a
fhiafroighidh soin | do thriathruiribh cláir Cobhthoigh,
L. Cl. A. Buidhe 226.4 .

2 tríath n o, m., but cf. trīath torc .i. tréithi a rēim ... tīr-sōd
a taithmech, Corm. Y 1202 . boar: `tríath' torc trom,
45 Met. Gl. 9 § 2 . triath mucc, ZCP iii 224.y . .x. treith tire,
glossed sentuirc; tuirc biti for faithche, Ériu ii 4.7 . eter
in t. ¤ ┐ a sétchi, LU 10249 . is t. ¤ is ainm do thurc, toísech
na trét, Comp. Con C. 38 § 42 . am t. ¤ tren co robuadaib,
LU 1288 (1 tríath ?). dofucsat tréith i tescad | co Brí
50Léith `the wild boars carried him mangled to Bri Leith,' Met.
Dinds. iii 150.11 .
Cf. torc tréith under 1 tríath.

3 tríath n n sea, wave . Orig. disyll., see Ped. i 311 . The
ns. is found only in glossaries, and many exx. given here
55could belong to 1 trethan, q.v.: trīath muir .i. trethan a
réim ... tīr-ūath a taithmech, Corm. Y 1202 . `t. ¤ ' tond co
n-ilur ndath, Met. Gl. 9 § 2 . triath .i. tonn, O'Cl. tar tuind
trethan (: lethan), Fél. June 3 ( O'Dav. 1576 ). domruacht
tond fri trethan tracht against the shore of the sea (?), LU
60 3014 . tar cach trethain (: lethain), 2965 . can tic tuili
trethan ? SR 7901 . iasc bis hi trethain, 8196 . ailli ... a
noebtrethna, 494 . aichre ri tráchta trethna `furious are
the seas against the shore
,' Met. Dinds. iii 104.8 . dechmad
trethan `tithes of sea,' BColm. 52.26 .
65Compds. ¤ glan bright-waved: anair dar muir tríath-glan
tend, Met. Dinds. ii 30.51 . ? téitgel triathglan dō ba hēcen
biathad Echach, Arch. Hib. ii 70 § 5 . ¤ mag sea-plain:
línsat triáthmag a teite `they filled the sea-plain with their
gathering
,' Met. Dinds. iii 256.9 . See also under 1 trethan.

70 4 tríath n hill: `triath' tulach, Met. Gl. 9 § 2 . O'Cl. ní
sain triath agus teamoir, glossed ní hionann aon tulach a
n-Erinn is Teamhair na ríogh, Hard. ii 298.y .

5 tríath adj weak: ni triath mar tú, glossed ni lac immar tú, IT
i 163.4 . triamuin triath weary and weak (of Mary and Joseph
75in search of Jesus), SR 7551 . fer t. ¤ cen trácht im thogail
`a weakling without force for foray,' Met. Dinds. iv 8.15 .
See tréith.

1 tríathach adj o, ā (1 tríath) noble: don tṡlúag th. ¤ , Met. Dinds.
iv 130.86 . re hairdríg triathach Temhra, ZCP viii 220.33 .
80 co Tadg triathach, y . trīathach tossach, Arch. Hib. ii
58 § 3. dagrí Duiblínde ... tréne triathaige, IT iii 44.7 .
dia sil triathach, Rawl. 138a36 . Mág Carrghamhna as
ceann dá ccath | na ndaghdhamhna tteann ttriathach,
Top. Poems² 108.
85As subst. o, m. chieftain: ól cét ... don t. ¤ , Met. Dinds.
iii 218.26 .