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3 trom I As adj. o,ā (a) heavy: gravis .i. t. ¤ , O'Mulc. 623 .
ní .i. t. ¤ , Ml 20a18 . is t. ¤ cenae ho aicniud, 20a20 . in toimseo
truim gl. multi ponderis, 20a21 . .x. tulcubha truma .i. bair,
20 Ériu ii 4.16 . ar claidbib tromma, TBC 3699 . tuc gach tīr a
thoradh t. ¤ , ZCP viii 109.5 . asa trillsib troma, TTebe 1036 .
ní t. ¤ féar a fanntolchadh, DDána 73.5 . Of the body: an
corp mall toirrchimeach t. ¤ , Dán Dé xxix 4 . ré hiomchar
ualaigh thruim na haithrighe, TSh. 8884.
25(b) Extended applications: circull t. ¤ do démnaib `dense
ring of demons
,' Trip. 448.3 . Of sleep: ní maith cotlud t. ¤ ,
LU 3608 ( SC 30 ). suan t. ¤ , RC xxiii 418.13 . Of a perfume:
t. ¤ ó gharadh na gréine | baladh céire um fhonn Áine, IGT
Decl. ex. 1206 . 'na morcaibh troma teineadh, TD 4.22 .
30 maille ré láimh thruim do luighe air, TSh. 9510 . ni raibe
si t. ¤ ar a toirrcis (Mary), Smaointe B. Chr. 392 . t. ¤ ag roinn
an fhóghmhair iad (of grasping peasants), Ó Bruad. iii
202.20 .
In IGT Introd. of the l, n and r resulting from assimila-
35tion after a long vowel in compd. nouns: ní fhuil cruth a
tteaguimh .l. ┐ .d. nó dá .l. dá chéile a ccomhfhocal nach
dénann ... .l. t. ¤ [díobh] a ndíaigh shínidh fhada mur so:
... gáol ┐ dlúith, gáolúith a chomhfhocal. An tan teaguimh
.n. ┐ .d. nó dá .n. dá chéile ... do-ní ... .n. t. ¤ [díobh] a ndíaigh
40shínidh fhada, mur tá so: ... cíainearg (cían+dearg).
An tan teaguimh da .r. no .rr. ┐ .r. édtrom dá chéile ... do-ní
... .r. t. ¤ [díobh] a ndíaigh shínidh fhada mur so: ... gér
┐ ród, gérród (leg. géród ? Ed.), p. 13 . Also of n in inflec-
tional forms: .n. t. ¤ and .n. chasus mur so: abhann ┐ na
45haibhne, 5.4 . And in compds. after r preceded by a short
vowel: corn ┐ dearg, coirndearg a chomhfhocal; .n. trom
as coir d'ogham air sin, 5.5 .
(c) heavy, severe, grievous, difficult: nipsa tróm for nech
gl. nulli honerosus fui, Wb 17c2 . is tromm form for ṅ-ingnas
50`grievous to me is your absence,' Fél. Ep. 380 . ropo t. ¤ iarum
accobar forsind ingin `desire lay heavy upon the girl,' Mon.
Tall. 149.11 . ba t. ¤ for Brigit ind inbuith eter dí Chaisc la
cen[n]galar, Ir. Texts i 9.15 . cusin Cáisc truim trednaig,
Ériu iii 98 § 18 . robo t. ¤ tra la M. an ni-sin, RC xxiv 194.25 .
55 ba tromm ... laissin druid dicheilt Etáiniu fair, IT i 129.20 .
isin péin truimm sin, 186.28 . ecla na hingrema truimme-sin
severe persecution, PH 565 . dorad side seirc truim de (leg.
dí), Ériu iv 174.23 . t. ¤ orm a innisi, ZCP viii 200.25 . t. ¤
re híoc difficult to pay for, DDána 30.11 . do ba t. ¤ leiss in
60tir he `all the country thought his maintenance a great oppres-
sion
,' L.Chl.Suibhne 58.3 . Hence sad, sorrowful: t. ¤ .i.
tuirseach, O'Cl. is tromm ar menmae linn ... indiu, ZCP
viii 176.5 . ba t. ¤ laisin a banchele do eg, Ériu iii 150 § 2.
(d) great, vast, powerful, mighty: t. ¤ .i. mor, ut est co
65tuitet neime niuil truim, O'Dav. 1532. Of the earth: ar
talmain truim, LL 343a48 (cf. Tec. Corm. 2.2 ). ar talmhuin
troim, Ériu i 30.223 . Of places: atbath borg t. ¤ Temra
`Tara's mighty burgh,' Fél. Prol. 165 . túatha in tuaíscirt
truim, ZCP xii 390.29 . a Tuadmumain truimm, Ériu viii
7069.65 . Of persons: ba fer tromm, techtaide treb, Met.
Dinds. iii 410.3 . tairsigh troma i n-a ttionól, Geneal. Tracts
81.14 . ō thriathaib troma, ML² 468 . Various: os tuind
truim, SR 882 . dar trethan t. ¤ `over the vast deep,' Arch.
Hib. ii 70 § 4 . búidne troma, PH 2919 . táinte troma
75 fat (?) droves, IGT Decl. ex. 968 . líon debtha fa t. ¤ dtinóil
whose muster was mighty, O'Gr. Cat. 502.21.
Equative trummithir tinni deich brudamna cach n-ae,
LU 7737 ( BDD 130 ). Compar. ba truimmiu cach othaig
dún, LU 971 (ACC). it truma smachta geimrid oldaiti
80smachta samraid severer , Laws iv 88.y . trummi turcbáil
something heavier than can be raised, MU² 972 . dolléci in
n-osnaid as trummu cach n-osnaid, LU 2133 ( FA 20 ). ba
troma cech ngalar leis toitim a athar, TTr.² 178 . truma na
sin d-albuin t-ég, Rel. Celt. ii 220.8 . cia dhíobh pian is
85truime, TSh. 1999 . With de: is trumaite a piana ... a
fuirech oc denam uilcc, Fél.² cxvii 12 . trummute lassin
n-oenfher di suidiu, LL 283a43 . cach airdi bias in torad
bid trumaidi a thuindseom ac toitim, YBL 167b34 . ro badh
tromaide a thoirsi ar na tiribh `he was more lamented in the
territories
,' FM v 1768.19 . Superl. in anim as truma pīan |
5fil a n-ifurnd, Arch. iii 216.5 . rí as ... truime tabharta `of
most generous hand
,' Studies 1932, 141 § 13 . ós é as truma
duais dána, A. Ó Dálaigh xlvii 1.
As adv.: ar th'fhine is t. ¤ do thagrais, Content. xiii 27 .
is t. ¤ codultaidhi, Fier. 136 . inneóin Temrach tair co trom[m]
10(sic leg.), Ériu iv 110 § 72a . ra chotail Fer diad tossach na
h-aidchi co rothromm, TBC 3249 . codlaid co t. ¤ , RC xxiii
412.2 . a ttír do thadhall go t. ¤ (i.e. to invade their territory),
BNnÉ 256.35 .
II As subst. o, [n.] (a) weight, heaviness, burden; greater
15part, bulk: is dingbāil truim don slōg removing a load (i.e.
by getting rid of a troublesome ally), TBC² 1490 (=dromma,
LU 5956 ). do thuit t. ¤ an uilc | ar Thrian Conghail, L.Cl.A.
Buidhe 139.17 . bíodh gurb antrom t. ¤ do th. ¤ , | t. ¤ tret
antrom go bhfagham `heavy a burden as Thy burden is,
20may I be weighed down by it
,' Aithd.D. 92.5 . ar lēigen a
truim forra (of warriors resting on their spears), ML² 1491 .
congbaid t. ¤ a slóigh ina ttimchel, FM iii 222.17 . t. ¤ an
pheacaidh `the burden of sin' (Gloss.), TSh. 2980.
(b) severity, distress, difficulty, sorrow: ba nua no chesad
25cach tromm diofothuch .i. cach tromḟotach no chésad ba
amal núa leisseom-sein, LU 969 (ACC). a t. ¤ do cintuch in
cetnu fechta `the severity (of the law),' Laws ii 62.18 Comm.
beth idir dha th. ¤ to be in a dilemma, ZCP x 286.12 . mór
mhaothchroidhe (sic leg.) ar a ttug t. ¤ many the soft heart it
30filled with sadness
(the death of a chief), Rel. Celt. ii 272.3 .
ar an dt. ¤ fhuarus uime ` persecution ,' Ir. Review 1913,
624 § 15 .
(c) blame, censure: móide mo th. ¤ a Thorna | ort, Content.
iii 29 . t. ¤ oram gidh bé gá mbé whoever blames me, PBocht
35 1.28 . With do-gní: déanamh truim | ar chloinn Éibhir,
Content. v 67 . adéarthaoi nach dearnais t. ¤ | ar shíol
gCuinn, ix 13 . na hughdair do ghéanadh t. ¤ | ar an aird
thuaidh dá labhram `writers who would speak harshly of the
North
,' vi 34 .
40Compds. Usually as intens. pref. or for alliteration.
For stable compds. not given here see separate articles.
(a) With nouns. ¤ achlán grievous lament: ag tromachlān,
ag tuirsi ┐ ag truaighneimhēle, ZCP xiv 241.7 . do-rónsad
tuirsi ┐ tromachlann, Comp. Con C. 125.3 . ¤ ág severe battle:
45 as mór tromágh risar bean, ZCP viii 228 § 27 . ¤ aicme:
ó th. ... Mh. `from M.'s teeming posterity,' O'Gr. Cat. 475.12.
-alt(?): roddet a tuasciurt Connacht | tascid tiri dar tromm-
alt, Ériu viii 70.82 . fa sluag ... Temra na t. `of the heavy
deeds
,' MR 252.4 . ¤ anfad great storm: na téta ... aga tras-
50gairt ... on t., Études Celt. i 82.4 . ¤ ár heavy slaughter:
Brigit cháid ... fri trommár, Mart. Gorm. Feb. 7 . dorat
for slúag trommar thall, RC xlvii 307.15 . ac tarrngaire
an tromáir, CF 741 . ¤ choblach mighty fleet: in trom-
choblach mór muride, CRR 14.16 . ¤ chonách great pros-
55perity: triath toictech, tromconaich, ZCP vi 35.8 . gach
aon agá mbiadh toicce nó trom-chonách, TSh. 494 . ¤ chot-
lud heavy sleep: contulmis tromchotlud, TBC 3536 . rabai
Palpitus ... 'na tromchodlad, TTebe 3960 . ¤ dígail severe
vengeance: a tabairt fo thromdigail, SR 2412 . rí dosrat
60... fo thromdiglaib, 7202 . ¤ ḟlaith great lord: do macaib
... tromḟlatha fer Muman, RC xviii 173.13 . tromḟlaithi
coicidh cennaird Concobair, TBC 5513 . ¤ gáir mighty
shout: co cualatar tromgair na slog, RC xxiii 412.7 .
as taircetul tromgaire ndoinmeach in morcatha, CCath.
65 4382 . co ttuargaibhset tri tromghaire os aird, Buile S.
14.3 . ¤ galar sore disease: conebailt de throm-galur,
Trip. 524.38 . ro lécustair sláetan trommgalair chuci,
IT i 121.15 . ¤ lasair mighty flame: tig de mo thesar-
gain | ar tes na tromlasrach, ZCP viii 203.2 . i cathairib
70tromlasrach, Lism.L. 3639 . ¤ less great benefit: as de ticc
a ttrom-les, BNnÉ 256.28 . a ndearna do tharbha ┐ do
throimleas dóibh, TSh. 4591 . ¤ nél heavy cloud: tuc ...
troim-nēll teinedh tar in tīr, ML² 313 . do toit taisi ┐ trom-
nell fuirre ` swooned ,' St. Ercuil 2429 . fó troimnell teineadh,
75 FM vi 1964.24 . Cf. tromnélghal dorcha dubhcíach, CCath.
470 . ¤ neiméle great pity, lamentation, sorrow: rogab
truaighi ┐ tromneimeile iat, ZCP vi 277.18 . hic toirrsi ┐ hic
tromneimeile co madain, St. Ercuil 1270 . dfaghail bháis ...
do thromnemhele, FM v 1584.6 . ¤ níth severe conflict:
80 ar trommníthaib | i críchaib ilib echtrannaib, TBC 3537 .
¤ shnechta heavy snow: snigis t. ... for Ultaib, MU² 306 .
¤ tharr great belly: ere nōnbair 'na tromthairr, ScM.² 22c .
¤ theine mighty fire: for srothaib ... trom-thened, PH 8148 .
teach Cletig 'na tromthenid, RC xxiii 418.20 . tarmgal na
85troimtheinedh, ZCP viii 212 § 60 . ¤ thress heavy conflict:
búiread tromthresa, BDD² 1062 . co Muir Torren na trom-
thress, Rawl. 76b6 . i n-imut ... troimthres, Lism.L. 3639 .
¤ thúr (?) : fail mór do muirib moa múr | hIffirn co tuilib
t., SR 906 . o ṡhunn báth Éssu mac Nún, | a toisech tolaib
t., 5266 .
5(b) With adjj. ¤ debthach very quarrelsome: nochor'bo
choimsech a cath, | ba toirsech, ba tromdebthach, SR 6092 .
¤ drúchtach of heavy dew: fogomur tromdruchtach toir-
thech, ZCP xi 82 § 25 . ¤ ḟóitech heavy-sodded: tochlait in
talamh tromḟóidech, TBC 5513 . inn e in talam tromfoideach
10diultfas a fas? CCath. 1021 . clár ... trom-ḟoideach na
talmhan, ML 102.23 . fir (sic leg.) in talman tromfoidigh,
ZCP vi 279.15 . ¤ lethan heavy and broad: for taebaib
tromlethna in talman, TTr. 1561 . Cf. torann tretnach |
croithfes talam tromletnach, KMMisc. 158.142 . ¤ mór
15 heavy and great: torann t., Gorm. Mar. 18 . ¤ rúad mighty
and red: muir ṅdaiged tened tromruad, SR 910 . ¤ thoim-
side: tricha traiged tromthomsidi inna claidiub ` amply
measured ,' BDD 87.
(c) With vbs. ¤ chotlaid sleeps heavily: fri trí tráth nír'
20throm-chotail, Met. Dinds. iii 452.32 . ¤ díbaigid destroys :
is ē an rī sin ... do thromdībaigh Tūatha ... D.D., MU² p. 1
(Eg.). ¤ gairid shouts loudly: cu ra thromgairset in slúag
immon tech, 873 . ¤ gonaid severely wounds: tromghonais
Assal Lugaid isin comhrac, Cóir Anm. 200 . Cath Átha
25Seannaigh ... áit ar tromghonadh Aodh, Keat. iii 2352 .
do tromghonadh goffraidh, FM iii 362.3 . ¤ loitid severely
wounds: ro tromloited Oscur, Acall. 5711 . do throim-loit
orchra íad-séin, Gleanings 14 § 1 . ? ¤ thuinset: imtrén
trómthuinset, LU 8712 ( FB 53 ).