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1 túath n ā, f. d s. fo thō[i]th , Laws iv 340.4 ( Mac Neill, Law
of Status 308 ). n a p. toatha, ZCP xi 97 § 56 . tótha, Laud
25610, 99va23 . g p. Tuathann, L.Chl.Suibhne 64.x . Maguires
of F. 29.21 . thuathadh, DDána 104.9 . IGT Decl. § 39
(91.18) .
I (a) people, tribe, nation: di fordiuclaimmim mu thuai-
these, Ml 34b6 . oc ditin do thuathe, 37c15 . niba samlid
30doemsa mo thuaid insin `my people,' 37c20 . for rí nach
far tuad, 46a14 . á tuath fessine, 57d9 . hi comtherchomruc
na tuade gl. in uaccis populorum, Tur. 76 . bid tuad domsa
mo nebthuad, Wb 4d1 . cossóit a thuaithe fri dia, 5a23 .
in tuáth huile, 5b24 . huasna tuathaib dermáraib, SR 1974 .
35 cia tuath duit no cía cenél, 3296 . dolléicetar iltúatha dí
`many companies are left a prey to it' ( Études Celt. ii 13 ),
TBFr. 415 . tuathaib ilib with many peoples, LU 3425 . ar
bélaib iltúath, 5456 . tongu na-tongat mo thuath, ScM.² 16 .
tongusa a toingthe mo thúatha, BDD² 707 . tredan ... |
40nō throscud cech mīss | dlegar isna mōrthūathaib | i mbī
cretem Chrīst, ZCP xiii 29.10 . trī tūatha ... | ... | clann
Murchada ... | clann Dālaigh is clann Domhnaill, ZCP
viii 116 § 7 . eter in uli thuath ┐ cenél, PH 823 . ar tuathaib
na Tiabanda, TTebe 3475 .
45(b) Of specific peoples with qual. gen.: tūatha abacc
the beaver-tribes , Bruchst. i 66 § 152 . tuath Amalech the
Amalekites , PH 8044 . fri tūaith Cannán the Canaanites ,
Thes. ii 319.7 . t. ¤ Dé God's people, the Israelites: tuáth
dae ┐ popul dáe, Ml 94a6a . tuáth dáe, Wb 30b14 . ar
50thúaith Dé, Fél. Prol. 142 . la prímthóisech túaithi Dé .i.
la Moyse, Ériu iv 142.3 . for tūaith Hérenn the people of
Ireland
, Thes. ii 317.4 . do thúathaib Fēne, 317.3 . tuatha
feochra Filistín, SR 5730 . de thúaith Íssu `of Jesu's folk ,'
Fél. Ep. 396 . eter noi ngradaib aingel ┐ nóemthuath ríchid,
55 LU 2472 . co Temhrach tuaithe tescomarr `so that he may
rescue the tribes of Tara
,' O'Dav. 1552 = condo Temhrach
tuaithe tescmarr, Ériu xiii 17.9 . sen-tuatha Temra, MR
4.3 . tuatha Temrach, ML² 1147 . ar tuathaib Teftha,
172 . Cf. Túatha Dé Danann and see aithechthúatha.
60 II (a) country, territory: techt a tuáith i tuiaíth `going
from country to country
,' Wb 15d32 . i túaith Egept, SR
3144 . de cach leith dar túatha | domm-ísat `over coun-
tries
,' Fél. Ep. 35 . —is mall cu tudchad. —is imrighin
in tuath `the country is very stiff' (i.e. difficult to travel),
65 Trip. 208.18 . fo hill-tuathaib in domain, PH 6452 . an-
manna na tuath ... docum a ndechudar na techta, St.
Ercuil 137.
(b) In Laws `territory, petty kingdom, the political and
jurisdictional unit of ancient Ireland,' Críth Gabl. p. 109 .
70See also Mann. and Cust. i xcii , Mac Neill, PRIA xxix
C 88 ff. Can refer either to the actual territory or to its
inhabitants, see also under I supra: ri aen tuaite, secht cet
laech lais .i. ri ac ata aen tuath .i. xxx. ced d'ferund, Laws
v 50.1 , 3 Text and Comm. is t. ¤ oirdnither ríi[g], ní rí(g)
75o[i]rdnither túaith, Críth Gabl. 494 . is túaithe cammae
comarggud óenaig the arranging of an óenach belongs to
the
t. ¤ , 504 . cis lir ata chóra[i] do ríg do giull fora thúatha ?
506 . in gabail bis itir di tu[a]ith oc denam cana ┐ cairdi,
Laws i 158.20 Comm. oc dun breitheaman na tuaiti, iv
80106.2 Comm. fri corus tuaithe, iii 14.z . druth tuaithe,
O'D. 2283 ( Rawl. 506, 25d ). in fer túaithe, Críth Gabl. 2 .
fri ... forrechtu tuaithe `regulations of a territory,' Laws i
104.z . grá[d] túa[i]the, Críth Gabl. 4 . do lessaib túaithe
on public business, 598 . co muilend tuaithi `to the mill of a
85territory
,' Laws iii 272.16 . rí teora t. ¤ , Críth Gabl. 459 . go
rí tuath, Laws iv 226.15 . letheneclann rígh túaithe ...
letheneclann righ túath, Ériu xiii 45.15 . ceitheora sabaid
tuaithe `four dignitaries of a territory,' Laws i 54.7 . fri
sochride tuaithe, iii 20.21 . im taistellach tuaithe, i 184.15 .
cach t. ¤ a tindscra, Arch. iii 226.32 . ferr tūath tindscra,
5 Anecd. iii 18.17 .
(c) Hence in sagas, etc. with ref. to various territories:
do thig ríg a thúaithi, BDD² 226 . techt día tuaid to go to
his country
, LU 3623 . tuatha tá i dtimcheall Caisil, DDána
74.12 . na seacht dtuatha déag, 74.14 . leag na seacht
10dtuatha dá dtoighibh, Aithd.D. 26.15 . na naoi dtuatha
(of the Maguire country at Lough Erne), 28.19 . Note also:
crioch ┐ torann Ereann ... o thá cuicceadh co tuaith, ó
thuaith co baile, FM i 116.z . a t[h]āthóir na dtuath, ML²
1288 . is ionann tuath ┐ tighearnas, Keat. ii 214.y .
15 III The state as opposed to the church; the laity; lay pro-
perty, secular buildings: dliged tuaithe i neclais ┐ dliged
necalsa i tuaith, Laws iii 32.5 . cach thuath co rig; cach
ri co na thuaith do cum necalsa co na gradaib, 26.13 . do
reir tuaithi ┐ eclaisi, AU i 546.8 . nī dlig sāire ... fhir gráid
20i tūaith nā i n-eclais, Ériu i 218.13 . etir tuáith `among the
lay-folk
,' Wb 28d31 , cf. 25 , 27 . eiter tuaid, Mon. Tall.
153.28 . for óis tuaithe `to the laity,' Wb 16d7 . ond áes
tuaithe, 28b32 . muilend túathi `a mill of the laity' (opp.
to `muilend ecalsa'), Ériu ii 204.19 . menma re cill, cūl re
25tūaith, Arch. iii 306 § 9 . do na tuathaib ┐ do na cellaib,
PH 4188 . críoch Luighne ... | idir thuaith uile is eaglais,
TD 32.66 . ro creachadh ... eitir thuaith ┐ thearmann, FM
v 1682.11 . Cf. aes tuaithi ┐ daescarshlúag ` heathens ,'
Lism.L. 4327.
30 Cf. do bhrígh gurab ar an tuaith áitighid a n-urmhór
` in the country ,' Keat. i 60.22 .
Frequ. in nn. loc., see Hog. Onom. Cf. also: i mMruig
thuaithe, Thes. ii 263.37 .
Compds. ¤ bard: tuathbard, IT iii 5.10 . arachan tuatha
35tuathbhard, Ériu xiii 42.z . ¤ gnás: Cnoc T. co túath-gnáis
tig `fair resort of the people,' Met. Dinds. iii 370.63 . ¤ mag:
for tuathmaig na Temra `upon the plain-land of Tara,'
MS. Mat. 492.11 (or for túaid- ?). Mugnai tuathmuig lethan,
LB 101.21 = Mugnai tuaith, mag lethan, Fél. Dec. 11 (n. loc.?). ¤ thír: dia tuaithtir rothinólsat (túaid- ?), SR 5748 .
Also in nn. pr.: oróit ar Tuathcharán, Thes. ii 287.8 .
Tuathgal, 286.23 . Other compds. treated separately.

2 túath- adj(túaid). In compds. northern; left, on the left;
perverse, wicked, evil . See Loth, RC xxxiii 254 ff. , xliii 162 .
45 ¤ áird the northern point (of the compass): ar tren-cheathaib
tuathairdi, MR 236.21 . ¤ balad offensive smell: re tuath-
bhaladh searbh na seannama saobhair sin, Ó Bruad. i 206.y .
¤ banglór: tuath-bhan-glór tasc-labartha `perverse woman-
like talk
,' MR 294.21 . ¤ bert evil deed: na h-amainsi ...
50tucais ar Ulltaib ... do'n tuaith-bert gus trasta `by such
a perverse deed
,' MR 202.7 . ¤ bertach evil-doing, fierce:
ticcri trena tuath-bertaigh, BNnÉ 99.17 . As subst.: is
baoth an earraoid mearaidhe an tuaithbheartaigh (of the
flesh), Hackett xxv 16 . ? ¤ buillech: co torchar de isin
55cath | Muighe tuathbuillig Tuireth, Anecd. ii 66.6 v.l.
(-buille, text). ¤ chaech blind of the left eye: fer tuadcháech
co súil millethaig, LU 7843 . Nár Túathcáech, 7846 =
Cóir Anm. 106 v.l. na teora ammiti túathchaecha, RC iii
176.15 . do-rinne sé hamaidedh taoi tuathchaocha dhíobh,
60 Comp. Con C. 72.17 . See O'Rahilly, Early Ir. Hist. and
Mythol. 122 n. 5 . ¤ chlíar perverse company, evil-living
clergy: do thuaithchliaraibh tura tearc-mhúinte, TSh.
2291 . gáir chaillech as chloinne as céol don tuaichléir
(describing loose lives of reformed clergy), Mac Aingil
65 370.9 . ¤ choirpthech perverse and wicked: an tamadán
trúagh túaithchoiripthech sin, Ériu v 166.37 . ? ¤ chuird:
in fer talchair can tuadchuird, LL 212a18 . O'Cl. takes as=
túaithcherd: tuathchuird .i. tuathcheird .i. ceird thúath-
amhail, no dráoidheachta. ¤ chur = túaithbel? lodar
70tuathcur n-Ereand tar Febhul tar Eas Ruaidh, BB 394b49 .
¤ dall blind of the left eye (?): Tadhg tuadhall Ó Huiginn
` half-blind (?),' TD 43.2 . ¤ druim on the left (north ?) of the
stem (of the Ogam letters h, d, t, c, q): tuaithdruim .i.
don leith atuaidh din druim bis aicme uatha, Auraic. 987 .
75 ¤ geinte the good folk, fairies, elves: tuathgenti .i. aes án
no sithcaire, ut est coneperar bidh é ro erpa dia imcomett
ar thuathgentib .i. arna gentib impadhas tuaithbil na sidh-
aighi, O'Dav. 1600. ¤ gerrtha badly mangled: gur 'bo toi
tuaith-gerrtha iat, Lism.L. 2974 . ¤ gorm: hi Tebtha
80tuathguirm tuaisceirt, BB 267b22 ( BR 10.12 ). ¤ les evil-
speaking, slandering calumny: fear tuaithliosa, L. Cl. A.
Buidhe 288.3 . ar dtuaithleas leó má fíorthar if their slander-
ing of us should come true
, Dánta Gr.² 74.30 . ionnus go
ndeárnadh tuaithleas ... air ris an rígh, annsacht ... do
85bheith aige do'n bhainríoghan, Eochairsg. 114.15 . gach
ar labhair an fáidh tré fhios | na meabhair atáid gan tuath-
lios, Gleanings 91 § 15 . ¤ mael: augra in dá túathmaíl
bald, shaven on the left side (?), LU 8022 , `of the two tribal
slaves
,' BDD p. 163 . Perh. for tot- or tuidmael, see TBC
p. 612 and tuid. ¤ maíle: tuad maeille fair .i. folt slim no tiud,
5no cas, O'C. 1297 ( H. 3.18, 539a ). tuadhmhaoile .i. monga
don táobh bhudh tuaidh. Tuadh-mháoile forra .i. a monga
don táobh budh thuaidh orra. tuadhmhaoile fair .i. folt
slim, nó tiugh, nó cas, O'Cl. See prec. ¤ mer fierce, furious:
amal da tharb trena thuathmeara, TTebe 211 . ? ¤ ramut:
10 tennis in tuaím tuathramut, BB 380b12 . ¤ rébtha badly
mangled: trochbuidne taeb-tolla tuath-rebta (of worsted
troops), Celt. Rev. iv 14.25 . guroba tuathrébtha na táth-
lecca tuinighthi dona teilgthib sin, Comp. Con C. 106.6 .
? ¤ tacartha: ad-mestar īarn assa thoichib tūathtacarthaib,
15 ZCP xi 94 § 39.