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1 tul, taul, tel, til norig. u,n. (see Thurn. Gramm. § 80
30p. 52 ). n s. tul n-oir, Ériu xii 156.z . Mann. and Cust. iii
163 n. 242.17 . g s. tuil, LL 208a44 . tele, TBC² 2197 .
d s. til, Ml 50a7 . pl. tula, tela, tila.
Protuberance, projecting part, swelling . (a) (part of ?) a
cross: isin til .i. crucis gl. in patibulo, Ml 50a7 .
35(b) boss of a shield: crandscíath ... taul fair fortrend
fodomain, LU 7198 . finden co ... taul argait furri, IT i 81.4 .
scíatha ... co telaib óir foraib, LU 7643 . ra tilib ... na
scíath, TBC 3561 . topacht a th. ¤ dia thargu, Met. Dinds.
iii 130.25 . sonn láidir ... do thulaib sgiath, ML 128.17 .
40In n. loc.: lathrach Sceith Conculainn cona Th. ¤ , RC xv
283 § 31 . Hence shield: sleg taith fri tola `against shields,'
Met. Dinds. ii 64.11 .
(c) Of parts of the body: t. ¤ étain forehead: co raemdetar
tula a n-etan, BB 393a11 . no bristea cnáma a lurgan ┐ t. ¤
45a n-étan, LB 154a51 . tuc urrchur ... a t. ¤ edain a fhir com-
raic, CF 164 . srona dímhora a tulaibh a n-étan, Marco P.
187 . Hence tul forehead: `t. ¤ ' gach gnúis, Met. Gl. 17 § 44 .
t. ¤ .i. gnúis, ┐ édan, O'Cl. co n-ecmaing a t. ¤ immon n-all
combo marb de, LU 8934 ( FB 70 ). mill ... luaidi rodib-
50raicdis a tulaib trénamais na fir sin, TTebe 2700 . Of
animals: fochéird a lúrecha ... immó echaib co ngebethar
doib o th. ¤ co aurdornd do gaínib, LU 6400 . taul tairb
chucaind, TBC 6199 . In phrase t. ¤ i t. ¤ face to face: conas-
tarla t. ¤ i t. ¤ fri Grécu, TTr. 593 . leasc dho tachar t. ¤ i t. ¤ |
55frisin eaclais, SG 70.19 . tel i tel, TTr.² 161 . t. ¤ i tt. ¤ ┐ aghaidh
i n-acchaidh, FM v 1580.1 . t. ¤ fri t. ¤ , IT iii 526.7 .
Of other parts of the body: tula sliasta (.i. tairb) `the
thick of the thigh
,' Laws v 363 n. do thulaib a lurgan,
IT i 271.29 .
60(d) t. ¤ tuinne crest of a wave: gáir na Gairbe gainmige |
ra t. ¤ tuinne tulghuirme, SG 367.5 . t. ¤ na tuinne tulguirme,
Acall. 2935 n. As n. loc.: o th. ¤ Tuinne tulach-mór `from
high-mounded Tul Tuinne
,' Met. Dinds. iii 274.2 . i taul
tuinne thend, LL 4b10 . Gatal a gatlaig | Bran ó th. ¤ tuinne,
65 SG 365.31 . Note also: amal brethnasa bánóir fri taul
ṅ-grene, TBC 1377 . ? bar nertaib gal | bar cridib crú |
bar tilaib téici, 5793 . ? rigrad Clainne Echach uili Dom-
blen | tuir do télaib (: Febail), Todd Nenn. 254.6 . ? tarr-
scur tirear t. ¤ taibeṅg, Lec. 282rbz = tarrscur tireach thal
70taebsheang, BB 36b34 .
(e) d s. as prep. at the end of (?): athgabail t. ¤ aine, ┐
taul treisi, ┐ taul chuicthi, ┐ taul dechmaide `immediate
distresses of one day
...,' Laws i 210.21 .i. berar imach co
hopann, 212.1 Comm. See 214.20 ff. athgabala t. ¤ cuicthe,
75 236.24 .
Compds. In certain compds. tul retains its original
meaning, but it is also frequently used for alliteration and
with merely intensive force.
(a) With nouns. ¤ ág violent fight: ro mharb ba mór
80in tulágh | fuath Sléibe Colláin, Duan. Finn i 80 § 74 . ¤ argain
(orguin) driving, beating on (?): go facca inní: fir hErend
uile ... ac t. na mbuden rompu dochum in chatha (imain,
v.l.), TBC 5855 . ¤ béim frontal or direct blow, violent blow :
uathbas bretha impaib do thulbemmenaib, TBC 939 .
85 dobretha tathulbéim do chlaidiub C. dó, 1310 . ¤ berbad
great boiling: taul fair fortrend fodomain cairi chóir
chutrummae cetri ndam tollchruís tolberbud im chethóra
mucca midisi inna midchróes mórthaltu, LU 7198 .
¤ berna: taurrána tairsce | taulberna tar róut `front-
breaching across a road
,' MacNeill Law of Status 310.82
5( ZCP xii 366.19 ). ¤ breith extempore judgment (?): tendaid
breo tengaidh (leg. —adh ?) tuilbretha `the flame of the
tongue kindles hasty judgments
(?)' (notes), Ériu xiii 14.15
.i. is losgadh don tengaid beres na tulbretha, O'Dav.
1547. Cf. tulbrethach infra. tulbretha Fachtna, Laws
10 i 26.2 Comm. ¤ buirbe great fierceness: re t. na Tuaiscertach,
MR 258.11 . ? ¤ chaíne. In n.pr. Taulchaine rígdrúith ríg
Temra, BDD² 1193 . ¤ chasad see separate article. ¤ chath
head-on encounter, fierce battle: tucsat taelcadh doibh
`made an onset upon them,' AU ii 192.15 . tailcath, 19 .
15 tulchad Raigne rúaid ` encounter ,' RC xxix 212 § 12 . ¤ chind
see separate article. ¤ chlár front (of forehead): co rruc t.
ind étain, LU 4900 ( TBC² 423 ). da benad C. ... béim da
durn dess i tulchlar a etain dó, TBC 4281 . ¤ chnáim frontal
bone (of the head), forehead: tulcnaim a chind, RC xvi
2054.16 . co roímid a thulchnaim as a chind súas, LL 169b4 .
¤ chobra boss of a shield: tri scéith dergga ... co telcob[r]-
adaib oi[r] foraib, LL 30d48 . iar telcomraib sciath, BB
489a15 . ¤ chóir favourable judgment (?), prima facie case (?) :
tuc Mlaise taircsi fa tulcoir | do féimset gach ni ro ráid,
25 SG 35.17 . budh beag dtaraidh an t. | it aghaidh don
agarthóir, DDána 101.23 . ¤ chomrac see terchomrac.
¤ chubae see separate article. ¤ drech. Only in etymol.
gloss: for tullrech (analysed as tul + drech ?) in talman,
no for tul dreiche in talman (gloss on tellraig), Laws i 66.4
30Comm. ¤ druimm burly (?) back: ria n-amdabchaibh
sciath for tuldromunnaib laechrad, BB 411a36 . ¤ fhéith
frontal (protruding ?) muscle or sinew: tulfēthi a orcan ...
tollfēthe a mullaich, TBC² 1935 - 6 (= LU 6449 - 51 ). do
éirgidar toillféthi a mullaigh co mbátar ar chuing a muiníl,
35 Comp. Con C. 102.y . See also toilfhéith. ¤ fhót: ra tail-
fhót de thailfhótaib in talman `projecting clod,' Gloss.,
MU² 668 . ¤ fhuigell cf. ¤ chóir, supra: tulfuigeall ` speedy
judgement ,' Laws iv 8.26 , taken by Comm. ( 12.4 f. ) as compd.
of tall. tul fuigeall uadaib, dianad be feineachas, 18.y .
40 ¤ glenn: fān, no seisc, no tail gleann ` stony vale ' (of non-
arable land), Laws iv 144.8 Comm. ¤ gubae wailing, clamour,
clashing (spec. of shields): ro clos telgubai tromm tóethinach
tré nert n-immfhorrain na curad, Alex. 266 . ? co n-inseadh
Ulaid aengnim im thulgubha deilighthi co trebhi amnus
45Atharní, BB 259a6 = YBL 178b51 . tulguba na scíath,
TTr. 597 . CCath. 905 . tulguma na sciath, Aen. 2489 .
¤ imbliu boss of a shield: scieth ... cona taulimlinn tailc tui-
nigthe d'or derg, CCath. 4726 . ¤ mag high plain, plateau (?) :
t. bad líach do lot-báig (Tara), Met. Dinds. i 6.4 . tibit
50t. Alinde, ii 82.44 . ¤ maidm large chasm: resin t. talman
... ar lar in maigi (`sudden bursting of the earth'), TTebe
2965 . ¤ medón exact middle: a Cnucc Úachtair Fh. ... cu
tailmedón Trága Baile the very middle, MU² 25 . ¤ mire
violence, impetuosity: a fhiru Muirid, miad ngle, | do nach
55tuirim tailmire, Met. Dinds. ii 26.2 . is do'n t. tuaiscertaig
in taem sin, MR 158.8 . ¤ mong see separate article. ¤ naidm
immediate obligation: cin ailseth acht taurbuith to bais
no galair no thaulna(i)dmand tuath `sofortiger Verpflicht-
ungen gegenüber dem Stamme
,' Bürgschaft 22 § 65 c , `Es
60handelt sich um Einberufung zum Heeresdienst oder zur
Volksversammlung, was allen sonstigen Verpflichtungen
vorgeht
,' p. 24 . ¤ port see separate article. ¤ rand? ingean
Roduib ... | Margin (sic leg., Ed.) na tor asin tul-raind |
rosgon ar in Duiblind deirg, Ériu x 81 § 54 . ¤ réim see
65 tuillréim. ¤ shamlugad see separate article. ¤ shním (?):
toirthe 'n-a thír ga dtuilshníomh (ttoilghníomh, coimh-
shníomh, v.ll.), DDána 113.23 . ¤ shunnradh see separate
article. ¤ tapad violent start: ni ro cuirset cor dibh, acht
amail tarraidh in tultapadh íett `save as the sudden starting
70seized them
,' CCath. 5565 . tultapadh .i. tap a gcion, O'Cl.
¤ treb? Taken in Laws Comm. as compd. of tol: sét gabla
... do cach tuiltreb .i. don ti risin toltanach bith ina treb,
Laws iii 458. 22 Comm. is as gabar eisidhe .i. do bert set
gabla for muin dire in cach tul treibh (tultreibh ?), O'C.
75 1645 ( 23 Q 6, 19b ).
(b) With adjectives. ¤ aircnech (oirgnech) very aggressive:
Concubur clothamra tulaircneach, BB 259a8 = YBL 179a2 .
¤ ammuis (g s. of ammus) well-directed, finding the mark
(of slings, missiles, etc.): do clochaibh tulamais, CCath.
80 1719 . taibli taidlecha tulamuis, TTebe 1401 . ile ... do
tromchlochaibh tuinighe tulammais, Hugh Roe 106.7 .
do threinbeimennaibh ... tulamuis, St. Ercuil 1337 . ¤ boch-
taib d p. with broken bosses (?): ferna t. trataib iar fuin,
LU 6809 ( BDD 35 =tullochtaib, BDD² 332 ). ¤ borb rough,
85 fierce, violent, etc.: fear ... t., MR 152.5 . fogragad t. (sic
leg. ?) na cruinni, TTebe 1285 . freagartha ... tulbhorba
... na d-tonn, ML 44.z . tromluirech ... th., St. Ercuil 243 .
tachar tulbhorb, FM iv 1216.1 . troda togda tulborba,
BB 241a15 . co ... t., MR 126.12 . ¤ brén stinking, rotten ;
lathach (locha ?) dóimne tuilbréna, IT i 190.26 . a muir
5tuilbrēn teinntidhi, Ériu iii 30 § 15 . mara techta tuilbrena
` surface-stinking ,' Lism.L. 3664 . ¤ brethach (cf. tul-breith
supra): is de is ainm Fachtna T. (i.e. because when he
gave false judgment the fruit fell and cows would not yield
their milk, but when he gave true judgment the fruit re-
10mained safe on the trees), Laws i 24.22 Comm. ¤ buide
with yellow boss: scíath dond telbude, LU 8638 . Of Tara :
a Themhair, a telbuidhe (`O beloved hill'), FM i 480.17 .
¤ chaín smooth-topped: ba de gabsat Albain | ard-glain
talcain tlach[t]-mín, Todd Nenn. 150.4 . As n.pr. Munnu
15maic Thulcháin, Corm. 29 Munnu. ¤ cheppach ? in nathir
thuilcheppach thair | Muirchertach mac Muiredaig, Rawl.
163a2 ( L.Chl.A.Buidhe 282.3 , 285.3 ). ¤ chinnte very cer-
tain (?): is tuilchinnti techt dá léim | bert is uirchillti
eiséin, IGT Decl. ex. 620 . ? ¤ chintach: cuimhnig Muir-
20chertach ... | slat fa tuilcintach re toir, Ir. Text ii 32 § 13 .
¤ chróda very brave: marbhoim deich gcéad tulchródha,
Duan. Finn i 86 § 8 . ¤ gatanach protected in front by a
hedge (?): i Tailtin tulgatānaig `Tailtiu mit geflochtener
Brustwehr
,' Bruchst. i 17 § 34 . ¤ garb rough, fierce: do
25ronsat trodach thulgarbh, Caithr. CC 45.5 . ¤ gel bright-
bossed: scíath taulgel, LU 10796 . ¤ glan: 's é fúair
in tír tul-glan `the bright-swelling land,' Met. Dinds. iii
298.7 . tulghlan .i. tulach glan, O'Cl. ¤ glas green-hilled :
ós talmain telglais, SR 2670 . Echtga, trebar tel-glas ` green-
30swelling ,' Met. Dinds. iii 302.66 . ¤ goirt very bitter :
treas tulghuirt, IT iii 95.18 ( Bruchst. i 64 § 147 ). ¤ gorm
blue-fronted. Of waves, the sea: do drumcla tuindi tul-
guirmi, BDD² 828 . tul na tuindi tulguirme, Acall. 2935
v.l. ar in muir ... tulguirm, 6339 . forrsin farrgi tul-guirm
35... taeb-uaine, KMMisc 314.z . Of shields blue-bossed :
sceith troma tulguirm, Fen. 370.6 . Note also: grían t.,
MU² 461 . sron ... t., CCath. 4025 . ¤ gubach clashing,
clamorous: dagniat ... tres trén t., TTr. 1258 . ¤ fhaebrach
keen-edged: faga tromger tulfhaebrach, TTebe 1016 .
40 ¤ lethan with broad forehead: fer tailc tuillethan, MU² 642 .
dá ech ... tullethain, LU 8593 . ? Of a shield broad-bossed :
fa thairrlethar in scēith fil foro thairr sceō thaullethan inn
ōclāich, TBC² 2341 (see 1 tairsce). ¤ mael lit. bare-topped.
Of an animal's horns: ri haduath a adarc t. tamnaigthi,
45 TTebe 1405 . Of headless bodies: comdaís ... tul-mhaela
colla na curadh, MR 302.22 . ¤ maithmech: an teangasa
nach tulmhaithmheach `this unforgiving tongue,' Aithd.D.
61.9 . ¤ medrach very cheerful, merry . As subst.: treb
Dháthí in tuilmedrach, YBL 373b11 . ¤ mer very swift,
50 violent, impetuous: tonna tuilmera, ZCP xii 393.1 . tamain
thulmera `writhing trunks,' TTebe 3504 . ó D. an tarbh
tuilmhear, DDána 113.34 . ¤ mín gentle, steady: raon
tuilmhín gach dáimhe dhamh, Ir. Texts iv 57.7 . ¤ obann
very sudden: in fhōgra th., Fl. Earls 26.9 .
55(c) Rarely with verbs. ¤ brisid smashes, shatters: cor'
imir in a[n]bth ne for longaibh C. co ro tuilbrisit LX long
díbh, CCath. 179 . ? ¤ cháinid: in torc trén tulcháinim,
Acall. 2623.