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65 1 tulach, ta-, tai-, tau-, te-, ti-, to- n ā, f. (1 tul). Also
with a d s. in —ai as in ī— stems in some early exx.: tailchai,
Trip.² 2313 . telchai, 2735 . SR 6752 . tailchi, AU i 528.13 .
tulcha (: urchra), ZCP xii 386.4 . telcha, Lism.L. 473 . d s.
also occas. tulach. Note also a p. tulchai, TBC² 3602 (tulchu,
70 3601 ). IGT Decl. § 190 (g s. tulcha and tulach. cf. a mbél na
tolach , ex. 2117 ). g p. tolchadh, DDána 73.5 .
Hill(ock), mound.
I (a) t. ¤ quasi tul-ūach, Corm. Y 1245 . temair na d[t]uath
.i. grianan no t. ¤ , Corm. 42 Temair. luid ... hi telaig, Ml
75 55c1 . hi tilchaibh ardaib, 14a9 . isnaib telchaib, 11 . otha
glais telchae berich, Thes. ii 238.7 . in Campo Teloch ,
264.22 (g p. ?). i Taulich Lapidum, Trip. 320.4 . hisin
tailich, Trip.² 782 . asin tailaig, 832 . bellum Telocho,
AU i 66.2 . epscop telcae Olaind, 160.7 . co Talaigh n-ooc,
80 564.4 . Marc in-a thelaig, LU 5815 . téit ar a chend forsin
taulaig, 5759 . ar dromchladh nglan ttealach tte of warm
hills
, Ériu v 56.75 . torcc taulcha in chrúi, iv 100.3 . mochen
do Temrach thealaig, Anecd. i 17.10 . ra gab tilaig agid i
n-agid dona sluagaib `er nahm eine Anhöhe den Schaaren
85gegenüber ein
,' TBC 4557 . barrallsam a tilcha dá n-éis,
5015 (ro mursam a tolca, v.l.). sin tilaig úane, Met. Dinds.
ii 72.7 . fraech ... do beith fors an t. ¤ sin, O'C. 2053 ( H. 4.
22, 63a ). tolcha in chruinne, ZCP xii 383.18 . 'san tulaigh
i rucad Dīa, viii 114 § 7 . nocha léir tairthe ós tealaigh,
Gleanings 19 § 32 . i dtolchaibh tíre | Chuirc, Hackett
5 xxxix 49 . um tulcaib ┐ trebaib an talman uile, TTebe
1170 . Cf. i taulaich in taige, LU 8732.
(b) In phrases. breo telchae fire on a hill, signal-fire,
bonfire: br[e]ó thelcha tend, Ériu vii 223 § 34 . do ghni ...
breo tealcha (sic leg.) don aoibhil, Hugh Roe 180.10 . breo
10telcha ┐ tor tenedh, St. Ercuil 1362 . teine tulcha, LL
192b25 . t. ¤ tairléime alighting-place, rendezvous (us. of per-
sons): a th. ¤ na toirléime, Misc. Celt. Soc. 412.z . See tairléim.
In phrases indicating hill of assembly round a ruler or king:
tilach airechais ... Herend .i. Temair, LU 3439 ( SC 21 ). do
15hsuidh Finn hi tulaig airechtuis, Fianaig. 54.2 . docum na
tulcha dala no an airechd, O'C. 1164 ( H. 3.18, 462b ). ag
triall go tealaigh thionóil, Irish Review, 1912, 471 § 7 . Fig.
a th. ¤ cómdala in diabuil (the body), PH 8255 . Hence tulach
royal hill, hill of assembly: noc[h]an fuil ... | neach nach
20tudhchaid dia tholach `Königshügel,' Sitzb. 1919, v 92 § 9 .
diri tuilche `of the hill of meeting,' Laws iii 404.17 .i. ... isin
tulaigh dala. 19 Comm. baile turchomraicc dála ┐ aenaigh
in t. ¤ sin, O'Don. 955 ( H. 3. 17, col. 669 ). tromdha ar tulaigh
dignified at an assembly, Dánta Gr.² 5.50 .
25 II In legal phrases. (a) t. ¤ tigernais, lit. hill of lordship,
said of a free client (sóerchéile) who with his descendants
remains in free clientship (sóerrath) for three generations
with a lord not of his own túath , thereby becoming per-
manently bound to him. See Thurn. ZCP xv 248. Críth
30Gabl. p. 107 . The term seems also to be extended to a lord
having a client and his descendants for three generations ,
and to a lord whose client goes to an extern lord for the
same period: isedh is t. ¤ tigernais a tarthaigther triar and
in tan is a fiadnaise a fhlatha bodein tucustar flaith echtrand
35rath don cheile ┐ ata a fhlaith bodein i n-aididin a dligid
do thobairt do fhlaith echtrand re ré trir gen a fhuaidred
uair o bed tri flatha for an ceile no tri ceile ag foghnom
daenflaith, no tri flaithi duthaigh i n-aididin aen cheile ag
foghnom daen flaith gin fuaidred is t. ¤ tighernuis i tarth-
40aighther triar when it is in the presence of the client's own
lord that an extern lord has granted clientship to the client
and his own lord is willing to hand over his dues to the extern
lord for the space of three generations without opposition;
for if the client have three lords or if there be three clients
45serving one lord or three native lords allowing one client
to serve one (extern) lord without opposition there is
(he is ?) t. ¤ t. of three generations
, O'C. 1006 - 7 ( H. 3.18, 428b ).
conic imscar re righ nechtrann re re trir i saorrathuib, ┐ t. ¤
tiagharnuis o sin amach `it is height of chieftainship from
50that out
,' Laws ii 206.26 Comm. , `i.e. where the external
chief becomes a man's natural chief by length of time,
after the reign of three successive chiefs
,' n. t. ¤ tighear-
nais i tarrathar triar, iv 378.13 Comm. Of a lord whose
father and grandfather have also been lords: tuluch
55tiagarnais a tarraigter triar .i. dia rop flaith a athair ┐ a
senathair ┐ rop flaith feisin is tuluch tiagharnais iarum .i.
as uais a tiagarnas ar in tulaig iar tarrachtain trir fuirre.
No is tigharna uais in tres fer for in tulaig, O'C. 452 ( H. 3.
18, 241b ). This may be the sense in: cach toisich a th. ¤ ,
60 ZCP xvii 47 § 6 . Cf. also in literal sense: luid ... connici
in taulaig tigernais ... ós ur na Bóinne, CRR 36.y .
(b) muin tuilche (lit. ridge of a hill), apparently ref. to
the scene of a crime or of an attempted crime: is edh is
muin tuilchi ann in baile i roisi foghail dona harmaibh
65no do no haidhmibh dar triall in marbhadh do dénamh.
Is edh is sechtar muin tuilchi ann cach inadh ó thá sin
amach. Is edh is imradhu for muin tuilchi ann a dénamh
a naen teagh no i naen airecht ris, O'Don. 873 ( H. 3. 17,
col. 625 ). is sedh is imradud ar muin tuilche and, imradud
70a marbtha in oentig no in aen airecht ris, O'C. 628 ( H. 3.
18, 303 ). trian coirpdire isin imradh for muin tuilce a
nurradus, O'Don. 872 ( H. 3. 17, col. 624 ). sechtmadh
coirpdire ... isin imrada sechtar muin tuilchi i cáin gid
do íslibh cidh do uaisle, ib. Cf. Ériu xiii 50.20 , 30 .
75(c) tuige thuilche lit. covering a hill (of assembly), usually
with follg. fri, hence perh. rivalry, opposition, contention,
disputing (in an assembly): eneclann na rig do tobairit
(sic) ar aird sunn a tuigi tuilche friu, O'C. 578 ( H. 3.18,
287 ). no cumad i in tuigi tuilci `conspiracy on the hill'
80(as if from táide) (in gloss on cosait tuilche), Laws i 176.9
Comm. timdibe flatha .i. eitir imdibe uaidh ria flaithemnus
.i. tuige thuilce fris lan eneclann riu, O'C. 456 ( H. 3.18,
243a ). With vb.: is i cumal in tsofhir o gach gradh flatha
tuigeas tulach fris .i. da tig bo ar fichit, O'C. 577 ( H. 3.18, 287 ).
85 Cf. ni tulaid fri turigen tuigedar tuli mára muride, Corm.
42 = Corm. Y 1224 . Note also: cro fir saiges for flaith .i.
tocbad tuilce fris, iar ngiallad do, .i. ro gab-sum rath, ┐ ni
dein biathadh na manchuine, Laws v 236.y Comm. Leg.
tocbad tuige tuilche ? ? ni seis suidhe tuilche ag togháois
aindre, Ériu xiii 23.27 (see note).
5(d) Various: i cosait tuilche dissension on a hill (of
assembly), Laws i 174.29 . eisce i taide tuilce .i. cocar ime
isin tulaigh, O'Don. 764 ( H. 3. 17, col. 549 ). Leg. tuige ?
Hence perh. tauilce .i. leith airecht, O'C. 475 ( H. 3.18,
248 ). The follg. perhaps contain a reminiscence of the legal
10sense of tulach: fāsaig dō tulcha mo brīathar, ZCP xi
96 § 53. tulcha briathar .i. comórtus, O'Cl. Cf. tulchube (b).
III Various applications: tri stéill chréduma i taulaich
in taige roof, ridge (?), LU 8732 ( FB 55 ). tilach dond fair
.i. a scíath (of a warrior), TBC 5389 (tul, v.l.). Of waves:
15 torchuir ... | fa tholchuibh doimhne dílionn, TD 20.35 .
gebaid tairis ós telaig | folt cas cruthach caoim slemain
above the brow , Celt. Rev. ii 300.y . tolcha corra chíogh
gcaoimhgheal `the graceful mounds of ... breasts,' TD 39.6 .
ba talach ar thairisi he was steadfast as a hill, Buile S. 106.10 .
20Frequ. in nn. loc., see Hog. Onom. under the various
spellings.
Compds. ¤ bog: san tseanAfraig ... | tealachbhuig of
gentle hills
, TD 1.19 . ¤ chorr: re sluagh dtolachcorr dTail-
tean `with the people of Telton's smooth hills,' TD 2.30 .
25 ¤ mór: ó thul Tuinne tulach-mór high-mounded , Met. Dinds.
iii 274.50 .

2 tulach adj o, ā (1 tul): cet colpach taulach `having broad
foreheads
' (Plummer MS. notes), O'C. 784 ( H. 3.18, 367a ).

? tulad ind leor lend lenmait as a n-aisnísi | rofes (sic leg.) t. ¤ ,
30(: bunad), Todd Nenn. 270.4 .

tulaigid v g (orig. compd. vb. *do-laig- ? Cf. RC xxxvii 217 )
subsides, abates, grows calm: cor tuloigsetar .i. cor loigsetar
atai na bolga for a gruaidib iar mbrith na firbreth, Laws
iv 16.10 Comm. amail tulaiges in muir mór in tan ...
35cemniges dochum tire, O'Dav. 536. ni muir trethnach
tailgither ... .i. nocha tulaighenn in muir trentonnach, MS.
Mat. 617.33 . in lucht da tuluigfe cach a cinn ag sléchtuin
will bow the head (?), 617.22 .

tulán n o, m. (1 tul) (a) hill, mound: fonn glan re taoibh gach
40tuláin (: Cathuláin), Top. Poems² 1631 . taeb gach t. ¤ , Ir.
Texts ii 16 § 45 . ar an dt. ¤ sruithmheirgeach sléibhe so,
DDána 111.24 .
(b) a knot in wood: slat du nach tarla tulan | Gadra
d'ár mac Madudan, Hy Maine 132.10 .
45(c) In Caithr. Thoirdh. fight, battle, raid, attack: re
himad a gcrech ... a dtachar ┐ a dt. ¤ ` affrays ,' Caithr. Thoirdh. 55.20 . co
nach féadaighther ... comairem a cumasc ná tuirem a t. ¤
... isin imrubha énlái sin, 75.3 . tucatar ... t. ¤ do cimsaib in
cathsluaigh `butted into,' 82.4 . rugabair buaidh gach
50tuláin, 133.13 .
In n. prop.: Ruaidri na dt. ¤ mac Diarmada, ALC ii
292.20 .

? tular n(1 tul ?): re sgabal gaisge, no re t. ¤ catha no [re]
éadach mic righ no tighearna `a head-piece of battle,' ITS
55 i 10.30 .

tularán n(1 tul ?): sluagh gan t. ¤ gan tlus (: Furadhrán),
Top. Poems² 481 , ` boasting ,' Top. Poems 43.

tulchach adj o, ā (1 tulach) having hills, hilly: ba tilchuch
(of a lake), ZCP ii 315.8 . alpu th. ¤ trethan triathach, IT
60 iii 33.10 . a adhbha an fhuinn ghlaintealchaigh, DDána
122.5 . Of arable land: eatham tulcach, Laws iv 276.4 .
etham taulchach ... bid uisci i suidiugad ... is e maith ...
da cach torad, 12 Comm.

tulchán n o, m. (1 tulach) small hill, hillock: ós tríathchnocc
65taulcháin Taillten (: drummchláir), Ériu iv 96 § 16 . i
telchan Chaisil cheolaig, Lism.L. 469 . issed is coimdigh
faiche and a tulchain ┐ a inada airechtais `the likely places
of a green are its hillocks and its places of assembly
,' Laws v
328.3 Comm. san tulcán ar comhair cáich, BNnÉ 154.12 .
70 tor beag a mbárr in t. ¤ , IGT Decl. ex. 928 . Also in nn. loc.,
see Hog. Onom.

tulchasad n(1 tul + cassad) a variety of the metre `duan-
bairdne': taebcassad ┐ t. ¤ ┐ sretbairdne, IT iii 12.8 . tigern-
bard ... is duan ... a ruidles ... ┐ toebcasad ┐ tulcasad et
75strethbairdne, 22.21 = 42.1 . Of a metrical ornament (rhyme
between final word or words in a line and initial word or
words in follg. line): ata ... othur ( requirement ?) naili
for duain .i. tulcasad for deriud na cetramthan tusighe for
tosach a sétci, 26.24 . See p. 144 .

80 tulchind nCompd. of 1 tul, form and inflection obscure.
surface, top, roof . Of buildings: deil telchinni tiar is tair
roof-prop (?), SR 4269 . co mboí for tulchinniu ind lis, LU
1440 ( MU² 911 ). Of a fort: telchaind fri muir móir máidim
(Dún Sobairche), LL 17a39 . Cf. fo thuinne telchaind
85`under the wave's roof,' Met. Dinds. iii 106.39 . Of persons
forehead, pate (?): óenach mbúada a th. ¤ , LU 4549 =ina
thilchind, TBC 258 (i ttul a cind, v.l.). docinged ... dorisi
... co mbenad a thul cind frisin cathraig, LU 9138 ( FB 88 ).
Note also: mo sciath ... | ... | glaister tul tulcind mbugha
`Oberfläche,' ZCP xvii 266.15 . síl mB. eter thulchaind ┐
5abaind ┐ foithri (in genealogy), LL 315c38 = taulchind
Rawl. 124b25 (n.pr. ?). ruaidri rodba rig da raind | dian-
forba temair telchaind, IT iii 17.15 .