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turbaid n f. vn. formation apparently from *to-ro-buith, but
corresponding in meaning to do-rorban < *dí-ro-ben hinders
(Plummer MS. notes cites Lat. turbatio). See Plummer,
Ériu ix 32 , Thurn. ZCP xv 330 . For form and inflection cf.
5 esbaid, tesbaid. n s. also tairbad, Fianaig. 10 § 9 . turbhadh,
DDána 40.3 . g s. turbaide, Laws i 198.24 . turbhuidhe,
L. Branach 690 . More commonly turbada. thurbhuidh,
L. Branach 3976 . ? Gleanings 34 § 32 . n p. tirbithi, Wb
14d13 . a p. terbaide, SR 8319 . turbaide, ZCP xiv 383 § 47 .
10 tirbada, Rawl. 86a45 . turbadh, turbaidh, g s. -aidhe, -i,
IGT Decl. § 12 , § 13 . See torbad, torbaid, trúig.
I (a) hindrance, prevention, interference, delay: tucad t. ¤
chotulta | do Mac D., ScM.² 3 . is t. ¤ ém damsa ... dul dia
fhuaslucud-som ┐ mé alacht I am prevented from going to
15help him
, LL 126a5 . techt do thrāthaib ... | cen terbud,
cen meth, ZCP xiii 30.12 . dia tairmesc no dia terbaid, IT
ii2 228.49 . mainbad tairbad bāis dīmair `had mighty death
not intervened
,' Fianaig. 10 § 9 . dá cét slechtain ... | ... | a
ndenum cen nach t. ¤ to be carried out unfailingly, Ériu i 197.3 .
20 don turbhaidh thug ar an dtóir his harrying of the pursuit (?),
DDána 64.7 . fa turbadh ḟíre d'Ulltaibh violation of the
rights of the men of Ulster
, IGT Decl. ex. 545 . créad an
turbhaidh atá ort | gan teacht ? TD 2.40 . lé Rughraidhe
gur threabh Temhair | ben turbhaidhe d'fheraibh hí for-
25bidden
(?), 23 D 14, 32 cited TD ii 203 . terbadh aighae
oenaigh Tailtean `prevention of the celebration,' FM i 416.11
= derbaid, AU i 298.3 .
(b) trouble, misfortune, disaster: `turbhuidh' ainm
gac[h] urbhadha, Met. Gl. 17 § 45 . turbhaidh .i. urbaidh
30no tubaisde, O'Cl. cia rodbatar tirbithi aili fornn gl. ex
multa tribulatione et angustia cordis scripsi uobís, Wb 14d13 .
ro múchad, mór tirbaid | míad L., Fél. Prol. 169 . ? mithigh
lámh fri turbhaidhe domhnain cé, FM ii 618.18 =tarbata,
Arch. iii 311 § 6 . a mbeith fri tress fo thirbaid ` in distress ,'
35 Met. Dind. iv 130.3 . fūair turbaidhe agon tuind teas, ZCP
viii 227 § 7 . gach turbhaidh a-tá chugoinn ` ruin ,' Aithd.D.
98.5 . do leath a turbhuidh timchioll (of a land bereft of its
chief), C iv 1, 176b cited TD ii 203 . do chuaidh ar dheis
Dé nimhe | oighre an Athar ainglidhe | a thurbhadh uaim
40dá fhagháil | uaidh a-dubhradh deasgabháil `we had caused
his coming down
,' A. Ó Dalaigh xlvii 12 . turbhadh d'olc
na hEireann `ruin from the ills of I.', Studies 1921, 75 § 15 .
mar mhac M. | do leas turba an tearcbhóllaigh `repaired ...
the loss of the cattle-pen
,' Ó Bruad. i 198.6 .
45 II Temporary exemption from fulfilment of legal obliga-
tions or from infliction of penalties
(most commonly athgabail
`distraint') on grounds of certain external contingencies recog-
nised by law; the grounds of this exemption; the period
of the exemption
. See de Jubainville, RC vii 228 f. Thurn.
50 ZCP xiv 383 , xv 333 f. is anad di (athgabáil) re [re] na
turbaide, Laws i 198.24 Comm. taurbaid aithgabala ...
mani deraib terbaid exemption from distress ... unless it be
prevented by exemption
,' ii 122.4 , 12 Comm. athgabail tar
turbuid distraint in violation of an exemption, v 256.31 .
55 deithbir turbadha `law of exemption,' i 102.21 Comm. do
rer dligidh turbhadha, ii 36.22 Comm. turbaide breigi
false claims to exemption, v 310.15 Comm. gach turbaidh
cána nar hicadh fri ré in righ `every deferred legal due'
(Plummer MS. notes), O'Don. 687 ( H. 3. 17, col. 504 ).
60 cach turbaidh tecmaic dlighid a tasc `every accidental t. ¤
(e.g. due to death) must have notice given of it
' (Plummer
MS. notes), O'Don. 944 ( H. 3. 17, col. 661 ).
A list of the grounds of exemption is given at Laws i
266.20 - 268.10 , ending with: cach turbuid co ndetbire iar
65ndia ┐ duine, dlomtar fiadhain fridh coimde cirt coir `every
exemption on ground of necessity before God and man,
witnesses are named after a just and proper manner
.'
Note also: athgabail fir bis ben fri uaithni .i. ... i n-uair
gabala na hathghabala táinic in turbuid ann, O'Don. 89
70( H. 3. 17, col. 76 ). athgabail fir for a nascar fir caire .i.
dul do cairiu fira, ┐ ro ba t. ¤ co toirsi on cairi muna gabadh
apadh i turbaidh .i. sechtar crich tiagar and; damad a
crich nocha bia t. ¤ in fat sin air (i.e. a man travelling outside
the territory to undergo trial by ordeal has exemption),
75 Laws i 198.19 Comm. t. ¤ conaire `Entschuldigungsgrund
des Weges
' (i.e. a man on a journey is exempt from pro-
secution), ZCP xviii 388 . t. ¤ éca a athar ro airbertnai ...
ann, ┐ ata in t. ¤ seo do gach duine iar neg a athar, O'C.
1619 ( 23 Q 6, 7a ). turbuidh .i. galuir exemption on grounds
80of illness
, Laws i 282.26 Comm. secht turbaide im-a-dichitis
cach re la Feine: geall sloighed ..., v 308.16 . turbuide
athghabala sloighedh amuigh gonus ┐ loisgas, ii 102.2
Comm. [e]slān taurbad[a] tascuir rīg the exemption due to
the arrival of a king
, ZCP xv 332 § 25 , see pp. 333 f.
85The period of exemption varied from one day to one year:
turbuid urnadmu mna co hiar trisi ... turbuid eirce slabrad
co de mis ... turbuid gaiti mad for innsi ... turbuid dearmuid
dala co arabaruch acht imtongar ro gabu de a chuimne ...
turbuid galair sirg iarmotha mis, O'C. 737 ( H. 3.18, 353a ).
t. ¤ bliadna ... t. ¤ erraig no fogmair, Laws iii 392.y - 394.4
5Comm. cain bera do dlighedh arbera do turbaidh. Tur-
baidh bliadhna do cach duine i nÉrind iar n-éc righ Érend,
etc., O'Don. 944 ( H. 3. 17, col. 661 ) = turbuidhe, O'Don. 739 ( H. 3.
18, 353b ). in turbaidh bliadhna ata don n-ecodnach, O'Don. 2352
( Rawl. B 506, fo. 40b ).
10Eccles. turbaide techta in domnaig (sic leg.) `lawful
exemptions of Sunday
,' Ériu ii 208 § 32 . cen t. ¤ cen
díchell do neoch bes hi cumung na eclaisi without ex-
emption or neglect of all that is in the power of the church
,
i 220 § 11 . go cech t. ¤ techtai conmestar brit[h]im, Anecd.
15 iii 22.11 .
Hence in Mod. Ir. respite, cessation: go bhfríoth dar
dtaoibh-ne turbhadh | do-ghéabhtha i mbais Dé a dhear-
bhadh that we have obtained a respite, DDána 40.3 . don
té lér fhás t'oirbhire | níorbh é tráth na turbhuidhe `period
20of exemption
' (Gloss.), L. Branach 690 . turbhadh adhnadh
`cessation from burning (castles)' (Gloss.), 2795 . timcheall
tighearnais an tuaisgirt | ní turbhaidh tharla ar tuir mBaoi,
DDána 110.30 . le turbha time `enjoying a respite from
terror
,' Ó Bruad. i 122.z .