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turbróidid v(turbród). The ex. under (a) probably repre-
sents an old compd. vb. from *to-air-brúi. (a) crushes,
destroys. Apparently intrans. in: Lia Adhamain[t] ... cia
buailter do bielaib ... ni therbrui ni de fris: acht fuil ind
75uain cosin edbairt ni fuil ni fris' terbrui `there is nothing
at which it breaks
,' Ériu ii 114 § 44.
(b) Legal violates, infringes, repudiates a law, etc.: dá
turbroid é icaid éiric a turbroda (cáirde), O'C. 2315 ( Eg.
88 fo. 24 (25)b ) = da turbroighit, O'Don. 578 ( H. 3. 17,
80 col. 444 ). nois tuaithe ... nucu dlegar ... a turbrodh, ┐
inti turbrabas hé icadh eraicc, O'Don. 2412 ( Rawl. B 506 fo. 52d ).
is iat in lucht amaich ro turbro[d] (béscna), Laws iii 216.1
Comm. ma ro turbrodar lucht na tuaithe hi (cáin) is smacht
turbroidhthi cana iar na hesgaire uaithib, O'C. 1048 ( H. 3.
8518, 436b ). nós tuaithe ... ised fo dera a thurbrod gan nech
aga astadh, uair da mbeith nech aga astad ni turbroidthea
he it would not be repudiated, ib. =da mbet aca astad ni
turbrodta é, O'Don. 1591 ( H. 5. 15, 8b ).

turbrostaid v(cf. brostaid) incites: munar turbrostad[ar ?]
na mic do itir `if the youths did not incite (the dog of chase),'
5 Laws iii 524.13 Comm.

turcabthae adj io, iā part. of do-fu(a)rcaib (a) raised, brought
forth, produced: nu inna turcabthae .i. innaní soirtar and
gl. emersorum `of the raised forth,' Ml 75a4 . non proditae .i.
impietatis .i. annarbu thurgabthae `when it was not pro-
10duced
,' 86d14 .
(b) eastern: turgabthi gl. (Narbonensis Galliae) exortiva,
Bcr. 36b1 .

Turcach pn(Engl. loanwd.) a Turk: cocadh ... eittir in pāpa
... ┐ in T. ¤ , Fl. Earls 154.3 . na Turcaigh, Ériu v 190.488 .
15 re Turcuigh ┐ Págánuigh, Donl. x 3 . Cf. Tuircínech.

turcacha(i)s n(Turcach) Turkishness, cruelty: preab tur-
cachais, Hackett x 205 . turcachais págánta, TSh. 5191.

turcait n(Lat. loanwd.) turquoise: turcaid=turcatus (in
list of precious stones), Aisl. Tund. 116.3 =turcait, 140.24 .

20 turcallach n hero, warrior: Domhnall ... | t. ¤ fíor is taoiseach
ádhbhrach, E. O'Rahilly xviii 54.

turcanta adj(cf. Turcach) Turkish, cruel: agá tóraidheacht
go taodach t. ¤ , TSh. 2136.

turcbál n ā, f. vn. of do-fu(a)rcaib (see Thurn. Gramm. p. 341 ,
25 Ped. ii 530 ).
I Trans. (a) act of raising, lifting: turgabail .i. togbail
nó gein[e]amain fos, Lec. Gl. 271 . turgbhail .i. tógbháil,
O'Cl. la turcbail a mátan fair raising his club against him,
LU 8524 ( FB 38 ). dorat ... triam[nai] dia turcbáil (a house),
30 LU 8397 ( FB 27 ). mad truṁmi turcbáil a ndub-í too heavy
to be raised
, MU² 972 . taurcbāil a coss (in walking), TBC²
3313 . deil telchinni ... | fri torgbáil na drumslaite to
support , SR 4272.
(b) Extended meanings: a t. ¤ treo fesin `their production
35by themselves
' (of vowels), Sg. 4b4 . iar torgbail Hierusalem |
os cech dándíne ... | il-lánrige n-Israhél, SR 6702 . donafíb
... no fáemtaís a n-anmchardine dó la turcbail soscelai by
embracing the gospel
(?), LU 2262 ( FA 32 ) (`at the rising of
the gospel
,' Stokes FA p. 19 ). turcbāil catha fri mac Cuind,
40 Fianaig. 32.16 . tuirthi tenna ... tuinide, turcbala, tam-
naigthi, ocus tarb-redigthi treas-laithrech in talman
supporting ... pillars of the battles of the world, MR 150.3 .
ro tinnscains[e]at na cnuic ... turcbáil a cenn began to
appear
, CCath. 2373 . M. ... tercbail cell ┐ cadhus establisher
45of churches
, AU ii 222.20 =tocbháil, ALC i 192.14 (see
turcbálaid). ar turcbail a inaid accession (?) (of a king), BR
6.11 . seoid ar turcbail a inaid, 22.5 . baile i m-bidis ard-
naímh ... ic turcbail a trath `were used to chant their vespers,'
MR 118.21 . le turcbail gacha tinnscedail for making every
50beginning
, 92.9 . turgbail ┐ tinnṡcetal ar d-treasa `the
design and project of our battle
,' 98.3 .
(c) In Laws raising, exacting (a fine, tax, etc.): cain
dorncliath .i. a denam ┐ a turcbail ┐ a nadbaill fuirri, O'C.
870 ( H. 3.18, 391b ). ? dia n-elo fine ┐ ni gaibh fechium
55toicheda gell in cinuidh o ghiall, acht a turgabail i n-in-
dlighidh, Laws ii 140.15 Comm. Cf. Bürgschaft p. 76.
II Intrans. (a) act of rising: inní sin fudumain ... is
ansu t. ¤ essisi ara rigni `it is more difficult to emerge from it,'
Ml 85c14 . in turcbal .i. in soirad gl. emersio, 75b19 . turc-
60balae gl. emergendi, 85c13 . gaoth adhbal do thurccbhail
oidhche nodlac steill, FM iv 1108.19 . is leis cētna rosnas tor-
gabail Conailli for Maig Murtheimne establishing (?), Rawl.
141a8 . Of Colum Cille: turcbāil án adamrach, Arch. iii 217.z .
(b) Of heavenly bodies: turgabāil na grēne sunrise ,
65 Corm. Y 1216 = Corm. 42 . turgbāil, Corm. Y 605 . la
turcbáil ṅ-gréne at dawn , TBC 634 . la turgabail ngrene,
PH 6368 . cach duine ... no toithchead re torgabail greine,
Todd Nenn. 82.5 . re turggabail na greine, TTebe 1210 .
Hence the east: on tercbal gl. oriens, Tur. 139 . áis fil oc
70turcbail grene gl. qui primi hominum solem uident, Ml 94b18 .
t. ¤ ┐ funed, 119d9 . ó thurcbáil [co fuined], Thes. ii 256.6 .
tri treba ... anair | greni fri turcbail, SR 4434 . o turcbáil
co fuinud, LU 2458 . dámadh tír go turgbhāil gréini `as
far as the sunrise
,' Sc. G. St. iv 64 § 16 . sliab P. ettorra ┐
75in turccbail samrata. Sliabh O. ... ettorra ┐ in turcbail
geimretta, CCath. 3805 - 6 . Of the moon and stars: da esca
do turcabail, Thr. Hom. 104.24 . is gnád bróen ┐ fliuchaidatu
oca turcbáil ┐ lia fuined (sidera), Bcr. 18c2 . macam gidh-
nither atuaid | ag turcbail na mbidhtó, BCC 12.3 . See
80also targabál.

turcbálaid n[i,m.] (turcbál) raiser, founder: M. ... turg-
balaidh ceall ┐ caoimhneimheadh, FM iii 102.10 =tercbail,
AU ii 222.20 =tocbháil, ALC i 192.14 .

turchairthe n(turchur ? Or part. formation from *to-air-
85(fo ?)-cuir- ?). turchuirthe torchorthe, m. IGT Decl. § 2 .
Cf. murchuirthe.
(a) valuables cast up by the sea, wrack, hence wealth,
goods: a tráchta, a turcharthi (Tara), Ériu iv 148.3 . trian
cach th. ¤ dia cuirend tond hi tir nEirenn, Ir. Texts i 20 § 9 .
iasg i n-inbhear ón aithbhe | is i dtrághaibh torchairthe,
5 Content. vi 67 . na torchoirthi ag serg i srib `(finny) wealth ,'
O'Gr. Cat. 374.27. dál tuinne fa thorchuirthibh (Christ's
victory over the world), Studies 1933, 307 § 2 . a thonn i
dtráigh thorchairthe (Mary), A. Ó Dálaigh xi 6. turc[h]-
airthi mara ┐ tíre, ML² 1022 . More generally: lingid longa
10... le torchurthaibh troma taidhbhseacha éigin a tíorthaibh
imchiana ` commodities ,' Ó Bruad. i 112.3 . do chruthaidh
... talamh gona thorrthaibh ┐ gona thurchurthuibh, Carswell
26.11 . rogha sín, mórthoirthe mes | tochairthe, síth is
suaimhnes, GJ i 353.92 .
15(b) Of persons chance or unexpected arrival; waif found-
ling: is maith in turcharthi fil ocut ... .i. mac rig nime,
Todd. Lect. vi 68.9 . mo bith im thurcaire thuilighi can
fis m' athar no mo mathar `a bastard waif,' TTebe 120 .
is tucmaid é linn a lé | do ba caem ár turchairthé (i.e. Cnú
20Deróil the dwarf), SG 108.23 . mar thorchuire tugadh dhí |
nuachar na ríghe ... | an té rug é ... | is é thug an torchairthe
(of a dead son), DDána 76.7 . ag so ... turcurtha fuarusa
`here is a waif I found,' ITS v 158.19 . Note also: ba
granna in turcairthi atconncas annsin, in ammait aingidh
25Ericto witch , CCath. 4020 . ní mochen cuma tic in turcharthe
atá and sin (of the arrival of an enemy), Comp. Con C.
119.8 . ní tharla chugam-sa ariamh ... tarchartha badh
toicemhla liom ... nó iad, 129.26 . ingnad t. ¤ fuair Fionn |
... | in triar fer ... | ocus aenchú etorrú, SG 206.29 . ? rí
30in talman do th. ¤ | is adbal ind ainbtine (death of Aed
Ainmirech), 372.34 ( LL 48a3 ). t. ¤ troch (contemptuous
descr. of a lean pig), Ir. Texts i 26.2 .
(c) windfall, find, good luck, success, prosperity: as maith
in turcairthe tarla cuccut ` godsend ,' CCath. 3340 . is maith
35in turchurtha so (of a mountain of gold), Mer. Uil. 29 .
In phr. t. ¤ flatha of the special good fortune or prosperity
enjoyed by a particular ruler: cisi turcurta flatha ind fir
sin ? BDD 66 v.l. t. ¤ flatha fuair Conn ... .i. abhocc, Acall.
7982 . turchartha flatha ag fior Chliach (of a drinking-cup),
40 Studies 1927, 287 § 6 (=t. ¤ fleacha, Aithd.D. 9.6 ). t. ¤ catha
opportunity of giving battle, CCath. 1692 . turchairthi ┐
toicthi na n-gliad the success and fortune of the conflicts, MR
240.z . t. ¤ selga fuair Find ... .i. dam cacha deissi d'Fhiannaib
Eirenn, Acall. 6611 . turchuirthe grás mar thuile i dtír
45(Mary), Aithd. D. 82.6 . olc an turcurtha an cual tuccais
leat (to a boy gathering firewood), MR 276.6 . o nach mair
an milidh sin, | do fuair tu do turcairte whose lucky portion
thou wert
(?), Celt. Rev. iv 108.31 .
Note also in pejorative sense; ba dubach ... D. don
50turchairthi sin unfortunate event (?), YBL 208b14 . adubh-
airt nach ttainig a tthúaith no a n-egluis torchurtha bu
mesa na iad `never either in lay household or clerical had
there been worse doings
,' RC xxix 220.8 .