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1 turtugud, turthugud n[u, m.] (cf. terthogu ?) protection,
guarantee of safety, sanctuary (in particular during meals
or banquets). `The right which a chief of household
85possessed of his house being sacred, so that it could not be
entered, or his premises searched or entered upon, even
in search of criminals, without special legal authorisation,'
Mann. and Cust. i 294 . In Laws Comm. often glossed by
faesam. a tabairt do snadud as tualaing a turtaigthi (of
cattle), Laws i 92.2 .i. faesam dfacbail uirri .i. crui, 98.12
5Comm. hi taurgaire (sic leg. ?) .i. brisid (-ed ?) turrtaige,
164.12 Comm. a mbrisedh a turtha `for the violation of
his protection
,' O'Gr. Cat. 79.4. ? isedh dod mbeir o hoine
iar fud co taul aine ar na tair turrthughadh (` maintenance '),
Laws i 218.21 Comm. secht seoit diri airech desa, ┐ turr-
10t[ug]ud tresi `protection for three days,' v 30.16 .i. tressi a
lanfhaesam bid ┐ fonadma, 22 Comm. ri ruireac, tri rig lais;
┐ turthug[ud] tri caictigis, 50.9 . coimdiri ollum fri rig ... ┐
turtugh[ud] mis do, 56.14 . athgabail tar turtugad cach
duini bes tualuing a turtugad distraint in violation of the
15protection of every person who is capable of giving protection
,
256.31 . is gnath is turrtugad do athgabail imirgi an emigra-
tion is in most cases a protection from distraint
, 260.16 ,
glossed turbad, 262.8 Comm. turrtugud for cill ... .i. comairce
.i. ni dligthech don ri turtugad for cill na for a comarbad
20gen na cennaichthi do ic fris in cill. No ni dlightech don ri
turtugadh for a tuaith gen dechmada ┐ primide ┐ almsana
do ic fria (i.e. a king cannot oblige a church to give sanctuary
without paying its dues etc. ?), O'C. 1061 ( H. 3. 18, 439a ).
turrugud for cill. Má do rigne in duine comairci borblachais
25ar in eclais no ar in cill, is diablad in neich atá do tuata itir
pennait ┐ éric ann forced the church by violence to give him
sanctuary
(?), O'Don. 1627 ( H. 5. 15, 16a ). ted turrad la
fogail .i. ted in comairce deisim la fogail do denam do muin
na comairce, O'C. 1763 ( 23 Q 6, 36a ). Note the distinction
30in: dethbir itir turrtugh[ud] ┐ torbaidh ┐ faosam. In
turrtugh[ud] .i. re ollmuithe an bidh. In turbaid .i. re a
caithmhe. In faosam .i. iar na cathamh, O'C. 2651 ( Eg. 88 fo.
55 (56)d ). turtugadh imorro .i. ré fedh urgnamha in bidh
┐ comairce in aired bes a caithemh a mbaile ┐ faesam dana,
35iar fagbáil in baile, O'C. 1386 ( H. 3. 18, 630a ). cisa Mumhan ...
smacht ┐ biathadh ┐ t. ¤ ┐ faesamh, BR 60.14 v.l. (turgnumh,
text). t. ¤ breth, Tec. Corm. 14.27 v.l. (turfhochraic,
text), glossed .i. timpud, O'C. 1299 ( H. 3. 18, 539b )
(2 turtugud ?).
40 Of ecclesiastical injunctions: tar t. ¤ Émine Bhain ┐ tar
a miscaid, Anecd. i 44.14 . tar turthughad nDé, ii 14.23 .
tar t. ¤ nDe ┐ Patraic, iii 25.14 . M. ... do mharbhadh ... tar
turtughadh naomh nErenn, FM ii 756.7 . Cf. dar tertugadh
a ffileadh (sic leg.), Hugh Roe 162.17 .
45See 2 turtugud.

? 2 turtugud, turthugud n[u, m.] force, violence, compul-
sion (?). Perh. merely a misinterpretation of 1 turtugud,
the glosses in O'Dav. and O'Don. referring to protection
by force as opposed to peaceful protection: a turt-
50[ug ?]udh .i. per uim , O'Dav. 1154 = asranar alle a lleos
a toil a tolud a searbud (.i. argaid) a saitiud (.i. ser-
monibus) a turt[ug ?]ad (.i. ar écin) a togaothad (.i. do
udéin), O'Don. 2228 ( Nero A vii, 153a ). turt[ug ?]ad .i.
coimēgniugud, O'Mulc. 866 . tortughadh .i. coimhéig-
55niughadh, O'Cl. trí fuchachta nad increnat slabrai: a
gabáil ar écin, a sleith tri mescai, a turtugud do ríg `her
being violated by a king
' (protected ?), Triads 155 . is é
innsin do rochair lais d'á breisim bruide, ┐ d'á thurthughadh
troch `overpowering of wretches,' MR 292.4 .

60 1 turtur, -uir, -uire n(Lat. turtur) turtle-dove: an ealta
dan hainm turtoir, KMMisc. 244.10 . da én re nabar an
turtuiri, Laud 610 fo. 23a (Plummer MS. notes). toirrcheas
turtaire (of the ignoble descent of man), Aithd.D. 80.3 .
da en bheca thurtuiri, Smaointe B. Chr. 757 . turtar,
65 RSláinte 1213 . In spiritual sense: oblae iarum super altare
.i. in t. ¤ , Thes. ii 252.8 . Of a person: in coluim ar gloine
craidhe ┐ in tuirtuir ar ennga, AU ii 174.12 . Cf. iii 428.27 .

? 2 turtur ind rom-baid turtur ┐ treinimteacht in miledh,
RC xv 333.12 .

70 ? turuind ind o doluidh fo a bharainn | in cuach fa t. ¤ | tairnic
torcbail ngréne | Iath Léime Conculainn (miracle of obtain-
ing a cup which had been left behind), Misc. Hag. Hib.
31.18 .

turus n u, later also o,[m.]. See Ped. ii 600. (a) journey:
75 for túrusi (= t. ¤ -si) chucund innuraid, LU 3337 ( SC 13 ).
co tísad don t. ¤ , LU 9042 ( FB 79 ). dochuaid-sium t. ¤ , TBC 1475 .
is truag in t. ¤ do'n duine, techt anns-a saegul do riar thrualli
na hanma, PH 7460 . teros, SG ii 479.21 . dollotar secht
ṁbuada do C. don tirus-sa, RC xx 50.12 (ACC). téit acus
80ni pa soirthi a th. ¤ , Ir. Texts i 18.30 . ria techt an terus-sa
(i.e. dying ?), BColm. 100.4 . tainic ar t. ¤ chuici, Laws v
432.10 Comm. luid ... for tirus, Lism.L. 2013 . is truagh
in t. ¤ i tiagait ar coeim ... uainn, xi 9 . téit ... ré toisc ┐ re
túrus, CCath. 1806 . do fhiarfaig a toisg ┐ a t. ¤ dīb, ML² 565 .
85 feadh a thurais, TD 20.17 . ríghtherus lá mac Néill royal
circuit
, FM ii 1090.4 . ríogh thurus Muirchertaigh, 1092.12 .
ré dtriall san t. ¤ soin dóibh, TSh. 5208 . go críochnughadh a
thuruis, 9012 . Hence also visit: is maith do th. ¤ im thaig,
SG 60.5 . chom a thuruiss ┐ a chuarta do thabairt, Fl.
Earls 158.y .
5With qualifying adj. or gen.: terus aidche, LL 207a2 .
itbert ... mina beith ilimud oir ... aice corbo t. ¤ dimaín a
journey in vain
, St. Ercuil 274 . Of the expulsion from
Eden: do cuireadh Éabha d'fhód Pharrthais | ... | turas
na slat ... | fa cuairt mac is inghean í, DDána 41.10 . robo
10t. ¤ gan tindtudh dosan sin, muna beth I. aga imchoimhet,
Aen. 2293 . ropo th. ¤ troch fo thráig, Met. Dinds. iii 406.27 .
Attrib. g s. as adj.: an fear turais ` wayfaring man,' Is.
xxxiii 8 . cursúr (= Lat. cursor) .i. gilla turusa messenger ,
PH 2602 . do fir taistill .i. in gilla turusa bis for foichill
15acut, Laws i 160.y Comm.
(b) (military) expedition: ar écraitib ┐ ar slúagedaib ┐ ar
thurasaib, MU² 520 . mairg [tanic] do th. ¤ (Cú Chulaind to
Fer Diad), TBC 3413 . ni dot aimles ... tíaghar in turussa,
CCath. 426 . In follg. exx. more generally on this occasion,
20 this time: an mberam coscur dona Tiabandaib don turus-
[s]a ? TTebe 1215 . mac B. ... do marbad don t. ¤ -sin,
Ann. Conn. 1270.2 . a bhás don turussa ar dtocht, TD
1.36 .
(c) pilgrimage, place of pilgrimage, station: ar [ttabhairt
25turu[i]s oilithreach go Gleann da loch] ... ionnas gurab í
an ceatramadh priomh-th. ¤ a nEirinn o shoin, BNnÉ 161.2 - 4 .
iar ndol do dénamh turais, FM iv 966.9 . turas lionmhar ┐
iliomad fert ... i ccill Aithnenn `station,' Mart. Don. 360.30 .
trosgadh, turas nó urnuighthe (works of penance), Mac
30Aingil 563.z . trosgadh, deirc, turais ┐ deghoibre oile do
dhéunamh, Parrth. Anma 134.12 =turas, Luc. Fid. 82.16 .
dognīt t. ¤ na heguilsi ... sin, Fl. Earls 110.10 . ag dēnamh
turais ┐ treideanuis, 222.x .
(d) In vaguer sense of action, happening, etc.: is é céd-
35chonnradh ocus cédturas dorighne .i. leabhar ... do dhíol,
O'Gr. Cat. 510.21. sinn féin do thuill an t. ¤ `have merited
this fate
,' A. Ó Dálaigh lii 39. daig ba degth. ¤ do cena essiun
do thecht na thech it was to his advantage, Cog. 132.6 .
Compds. ¤ becc: an chuairt nach cuairt turuisbheag
40 a visit demanding a considerable journey, DDána 95.19 .
¤ mer swiftly-journeying: buachaill ... turas-mhear na
Teamhrach, ML 86.8 .
See comthururus, míthururus.