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turus n u, later also o,[m.]. See Ped. ii 600. (a) journey:
75 for túrusi (= t. ¤ -si) chucund innuraid, LU 3337 ( SC 13 ).
co tísad don t. ¤ , LU 9042 ( FB 79 ). dochuaid-sium t. ¤ , TBC 1475 .
is truag in t. ¤ do'n duine, techt anns-a saegul do riar thrualli
na hanma, PH 7460 . teros, SG ii 479.21 . dollotar secht
ṁbuada do C. don tirus-sa, RC xx 50.12 (ACC). téit acus
80ni pa soirthi a th. ¤ , Ir. Texts i 18.30 . ria techt an terus-sa
(i.e. dying ?), BColm. 100.4 . tainic ar t. ¤ chuici, Laws v
432.10 Comm. luid ... for tirus, Lism.L. 2013 . is truagh
in t. ¤ i tiagait ar coeim ... uainn, xi 9 . téit ... ré toisc ┐ re
túrus, CCath. 1806 . do fhiarfaig a toisg ┐ a t. ¤ dīb, ML² 565 .
85 feadh a thurais, TD 20.17 . ríghtherus lá mac Néill royal
circuit
, FM ii 1090.4 . ríogh thurus Muirchertaigh, 1092.12 .
ré dtriall san t. ¤ soin dóibh, TSh. 5208 . go críochnughadh a
thuruis, 9012 . Hence also visit: is maith do th. ¤ im thaig,
SG 60.5 . chom a thuruiss ┐ a chuarta do thabairt, Fl.
Earls 158.y .
5With qualifying adj. or gen.: terus aidche, LL 207a2 .
itbert ... mina beith ilimud oir ... aice corbo t. ¤ dimaín a
journey in vain
, St. Ercuil 274 . Of the expulsion from
Eden: do cuireadh Éabha d'fhód Pharrthais | ... | turas
na slat ... | fa cuairt mac is inghean í, DDána 41.10 . robo
10t. ¤ gan tindtudh dosan sin, muna beth I. aga imchoimhet,
Aen. 2293 . ropo th. ¤ troch fo thráig, Met. Dinds. iii 406.27 .
Attrib. g s. as adj.: an fear turais ` wayfaring man,' Is.
xxxiii 8 . cursúr (= Lat. cursor) .i. gilla turusa messenger ,
PH 2602 . do fir taistill .i. in gilla turusa bis for foichill
15acut, Laws i 160.y Comm.
(b) (military) expedition: ar écraitib ┐ ar slúagedaib ┐ ar
thurasaib, MU² 520 . mairg [tanic] do th. ¤ (Cú Chulaind to
Fer Diad), TBC 3413 . ni dot aimles ... tíaghar in turussa,
CCath. 426 . In follg. exx. more generally on this occasion,
20 this time: an mberam coscur dona Tiabandaib don turus-
[s]a ? TTebe 1215 . mac B. ... do marbad don t. ¤ -sin,
Ann. Conn. 1270.2 . a bhás don turussa ar dtocht, TD
1.36 .
(c) pilgrimage, place of pilgrimage, station: ar [ttabhairt
25turu[i]s oilithreach go Gleann da loch] ... ionnas gurab í
an ceatramadh priomh-th. ¤ a nEirinn o shoin, BNnÉ 161.2 - 4 .
iar ndol do dénamh turais, FM iv 966.9 . turas lionmhar ┐
iliomad fert ... i ccill Aithnenn `station,' Mart. Don. 360.30 .
trosgadh, turas nó urnuighthe (works of penance), Mac
30Aingil 563.z . trosgadh, deirc, turais ┐ deghoibre oile do
dhéunamh, Parrth. Anma 134.12 =turas, Luc. Fid. 82.16 .
dognīt t. ¤ na heguilsi ... sin, Fl. Earls 110.10 . ag dēnamh
turais ┐ treideanuis, 222.x .
(d) In vaguer sense of action, happening, etc.: is é céd-
35chonnradh ocus cédturas dorighne .i. leabhar ... do dhíol,
O'Gr. Cat. 510.21. sinn féin do thuill an t. ¤ `have merited
this fate
,' A. Ó Dálaigh lii 39. daig ba degth. ¤ do cena essiun
do thecht na thech it was to his advantage, Cog. 132.6 .
Compds. ¤ becc: an chuairt nach cuairt turuisbheag
40 a visit demanding a considerable journey, DDána 95.19 .
¤ mer swiftly-journeying: buachaill ... turas-mhear na
Teamhrach, ML 86.8 .
See comthururus, míthururus.

tús n uor o O. Ir. a d s. tuus (disyll., Met Dinds. iv 330.18 .
45 Arch. iii 318 § 65 . TBC² 233 =tús monosyll., LU 4710 ).
? g s. tūis, Bruchst. 6.4 . Also ā, f. in phr. aire túise , etc.
(see II (c) infra). Note ar túis , TD 29.28 . a s. túis, Ó Bruad.
i 14.4 . Also spoken Ir. ar dtúis . o and u, m., IGT Decl. § 38
(87.13) . In Mod. Ir. also frequ. tós. See Ped. i 308 , Hessen
50 ZCP ix 28.
I Act of leading: roorddnestar Duid cethrur ... do thus
inna clas `to lead the choirs,' Hib. Min. 166 . comairle Dé
dom thuus `for my guidance,' Met. Dinds. iv 330.18 . dall
ic tu[u]s daill the blind leading the blind, Arch. iii 318 § 65 .
55 la cēt im cēt druad diar tuus leading us (?), TBC² 3076 =
dar tus, TBC 4963.
II (a) forefront, front position: dobreth ... tuus na
conaire do F. ríasin slúag, LU 4699 = tuus na dīrma, TBC²
226 . rogab P. t. ¤ rempu dochum na cathrach, TTr.² 1827 .
60 t'eichsi ag béin túsa d'íbh Táil getting the start of (?), IGT
Decl. ex. 996 . t. ¤ sligheadh, Aithd.D. 38.29 . Frequ. van,
battlefront of an army: trēnfher cach tūis `ein Kämpe
jeder Fronte
,' Bruchst. 6.4 = duís, tuís, IT iii 40 § 36 .
t. ¤ t'féine, IGT Decl. ex. 282 . deireadh i gclódh t. ¤ ag tocht
65`the van in an onslaught,' TD 27.17 . dorinnadar ... ceand
slúaigh túis tochair do R. `army chief of the vanguard,'
Expugn. Hib. 21 . tós gach tochair, 41 . t. ¤ a' tslúaigh, Cín
Lae Ó Meall. 42.29 . a tus in cablaigh, St. Ercuil 715 . a
tūs an gābaidh, ML² 2099 . Note also: mo rí i mmarthus
70os int slóg (sic leg. : sanctus) as leader , SR 581.
(b) precedence, pre-eminence, rank: t. ¤ dia mnaí ría mnaib
Ulad, LU 8917 ( FB 68 ). `apair róm,' ol Brigit. `tós dligius
ferscal' a man has the right to speak first, Ir. Texts i 18 § 54 .
intí tet á tuis[i]ghacht na flathusa gelfine .i. in cumal tsenor-
75ba, tus n-aibsena `der Vortritt bei der `Anzeige' (?),' Cóic Con.
Fug. 16 § 3 . tus n-urlabra `den Vortritt der Rede (das erste
Wort)
,' 45 § 72 . See p. 70 . t. ¤ do far claind co bráth for an
clainn sea precedence ... over, Ériu iii 137.46 . t. ¤ dighe, t. ¤
leabtha agus ionnalta ar mhaithibh Éirionn i dTigh Miodh-
80chuarta aca, L.Cl.A.Buidhe 50.28 . do ghabh t. ¤ gach óil
aco, TD 34.25 . t. ¤ as cóir d'fhior fhurfhógra `a herald must
go first
,' Aithd.D. 46.13 . muna bheith t. ¤ aice ón éag (of
Christ's hand), DDána 21a.24 . t. ¤ comuirle `the initiative
in counsel
,' O'Gr. Cat. 475.15. bí t. ¤ suidhe ag an saidhbhir,
85 532.8 . t. ¤ onóra ┐ airmittne cáich ga ceile dibh do com-
malairt imoseach, BNnÉ 247 § 199 . tug an nádúr ... | túis
na sráide ó mhnáibh na ndéithe `precedence o'er the Graces,'
Ó Bruad. i 14.4 . in t-aenridiri is mó a gniim ┐ a tus isin
cruinne ` rank ,' ZCP vi 58.7 .
(c) In the legal phr. aire túise, one of the noble grades:
5 aire túise, cid ara n-eperr ? Arindí as toísech a ceníul ┐ dofet
airig n-ard, Críth Gabl. 386 . aire tuise .i. tuisechu i n-urd
aisnesin he ina'n t-aire ard, Laws v 24.26 Comm. ogairi
tuisi, 78.x .i. in t-ogaire is ferr .i. taisech na n-ogaireach,
in boaire is taire, 80.11 Comm. gá n-oireachaibh tuisi,
10 Hard. ii 298.3 . hit dī airig dēsa, ard, | tūisea, ZCP v 499 § 5 .
Note also: dliged tuise .i. dliged toisigechta na gelfine
`bei Anspruch auf Führung,' Cóic Con. Fug. 16 § 3 . lia
dfir ... fri dliged tuisi, O'C. 2181 ( Eg. 88, fo. 6(7)c ). lógh
tuisi .i. in logh sainraidh dligis an tuat don righ gaibes
15foro do gres, O'C. 535 ( H. 3. 18, 265b ). Cf. 2 túis.
III (a) beginning. Of an action, happening, etc.: amal
bís arán i n-a th. ¤ da cech caithem, PH 7534 . Poimp ... is
é do chuir | t. ¤ cogaidh i gceann Shéasoir `first made war,'
TD 18.18 . ní tháinig fa th. ¤ an chuiridh `came not at the
20beginning
,' 16.35 . ní tós lóin as líonmhuire the beginn-
ing of a meal
, Aithd.D. 67.15 . is t. ¤ mire rosmhear-
aigh, Content. xxv 4 . tós peacaidh, Dán Dé vii 19 .
a dt. ¤ gach urnaighthe, Donl. 26.1 . Of words, literary com-
positions, etc.: na gnéithe don Gháoidhilg nach cóir a tt. ¤
25chomhfhocal, IGT Introd. 2.18 . tós is deireadh gach duaine,
Content. xxviii 4 . t. ¤ na seanma, Studies 1920, 97 § 1 . Of
the elements of a subject: Mac Seaáin ... | ó tharraidh t. ¤
muirléighinn, L. Cl. A. Buidhe 177.138 . Of periods of time:
a t. ¤ in lái, PH 2003 . eirig reomat imárach | t. ¤ na maitne,
30 SG 60.7 . o th. ¤ domain, PH 3645 . lá (= la) t. ¤ in gemhridh,
CCath. 2322 . ó th. ¤ go hearr aimsire, TD 28.22 . t. ¤ na síon
dteasbhaigh, PBocht 10.24 . o th. ¤ corghais go mion-Chaisg,
Donl. 116.15 . Of a man's life: o th. ¤ mo bethad cu crochad
C., PH 700 . ó th. ¤ m'aimsire, DDána 11.9 . as mo thós do
35melladh mé `from my very inception,' O'Gr. Cat. 523.17.
Various: is lethan dóib in drochet o th. ¤ co dered, LU 2151
( FA 22 ). truagh mar thángadar a Parrthas | peacadh
Ádhaimh do b'é a dtós (of the human race), DDána 26.2 .
do bhrígh go bhfuil gan t. ¤ gan deireadh (of God), Donl.
40 20.5 .
(b) best, choice, pick, cream: ro ghab tus a fesa ┐ a eoluis,
RC xliii 8.18 . t. ¤ do fhleidhe ag dol dúinne, Aithd.D. 56.16 .
t. ¤ a ghlóire is gar do mhaoith even its finest glory is near to
sorrow
(of the world), 73.23 . a fhíon túsa an tábhairne,
45 PBocht 23.43 . freagair t. ¤ an tábhairne `ask for the choice of
my wine-store
,' Aithd.D. 40.23 .
IV In adv. phrases. (a) in tuus first, in the first place:
cuin is tūalaing coisc alanali ? Ō chanasca (= chotnasca)
fadesin induus, ZCP iii 451.26 , `when he has corrected himself
50first
,' Ériu xiv 146 , q.v.
With prepp. (b) With ar, for. O. Ir. ar thuus, later ar,
for tús, Mod. Ir. ar (d)tús. first, firstly, in the first place,
originally, etc. Of place: is airi doralad ar thuus in salmso
`therefore was the psalm put first,' Ml 14b12 . innahí batar
55buthi ar thuus `the things that should have been first,' 23c16 .
29a8 . a mmiseriam do thabairt ar thuus, 31c9 . andabeirsom
ar thuus `what he puts first,' 47a14 . ar th. ¤ do chlannaib
Adaim first among the descendants of A., SR 2706 . is iat
atat ar t. ¤ in n-umir na noem, PH 436 . don fhir ar tus to
60the first man
, TTebe 690 . Of time (the only use in Mod. Ir.):
imbí bid in soirad donerchanatsom ar thuus, Ml 19b11 .
robu du thabernacuil robu ainm son ar thuus, 100b12 .
nach missi téite ar thuus that I am not the first to die, SR
2036 . fairend diarbo chumu[n]c ar th. ¤ ┐ ... lethan fo deóid
65 at first ... at the end , LU 2160 ( FA 23 ). do imchosnom dul
isa tech ar th. ¤ , LU 8257 ( FB 20 ). is īat tucc mucco i nhĒrinn
ar tūs, ZCP viii 105.29 . dos bert in leth hí sin for t. ¤ , IT i
40.28 . ar dus itir, Laws i 26.5 Comm. nocho n-ib ... noco
n-eba so for t. ¤ , RC xxiv 178.15 . ar t. ¤ ríam, ZCP viii 105.16 .
70 an sean ar tós má iheasda, Dán Dé xvii 12 . is é do chreid i
gCríost ... | ar t. ¤ namh, Content. xxviii 46 . ar dtós, PBocht
13.26 . ar th. ¤ riam the first ever , L.Chl.Suibhne 52.20 .
rochinn Sir Boos dul a fhortacht na maigdine for tus, ZCP iv
382.29 . smuain ... ar t. ¤ , Desid. 667 . gidh be bhíos ar tt. ¤
75iona chúis féin, Prov. xviii 17.
(c) With i = (b): indroet som sochaidi hi t. ¤ `at first he
had received many
,' Mon. Tall 135.17 . i dtós, PBocht 25.3 .
go ngabhthar mo dhuan sa tós, Content. xxviii 71 . As
prep.: i dt. ¤ cháich do-chonnaic mé | sleagha in front of
80everyone
, Aithd.D. 16.36 .
(d) With ó from the beginning, originally , but usually
identical in meaning with (b): ó th. ¤ ` at once ,' O'Gr. Cat.
400.8. sionn féin do thogaibh ó th. ¤ , Dán Dé iii 3 . truagh
dhúinn gan do thuigse ó th. ¤ , xix 10 . do budh ro-dhocair a
85chaitheamh, go hāiridhe ó th. ¤ at first , Desid. 6616 . an
Chruinne ... chom ar thriallsat ō thūs, Fl. Earls 12.16 .
Various: Dīa dam frim lorg ... | Dīa dom thúus `before
me
,' Thes. ii 350.15 . gur theastuigh roimh nóin | ar dtuar
a blátha d'áille a hearraigh um thós in the beginning of the
beauty of her spring
, Hackett xii 14.
5Text perh. defective in: is olc gréimm m'fhoglamma dam
... cen gabáil ar m'aicned t. ¤ co n-gabainn ar m'anáil `if I
do not first control my nature till I have kept my breath
,' Mer.
Uil. 243 . na rolegtis uaidib an tossach tart[h]atar don tus
na cairrgi (of a race between ships), Aen. 1021.