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40 tairniud n u, m. vn. of do-airindi. O. Ir. tairinniud. tairinnud,
Bcr. 33d4 . fo thairinniuth , LU 4490 = TBC² 9 . tairinned,
ZCP iii 447.z . Mid. and Early Mod. Ir. frequently toirnem,
turnad, turnam, etc. tuirneamh tornamh, lochdach, IGT
Decl. § 28 . toirnim, § 149 (149.19) .
45 Lowering, abating, reducing, descending , etc.
I Transitive. (a) In physical sense lowering, taking
down, putting down : senais úad Patraic a l[l]áma ... conná
coemnactar a síniud nách a t. ¤ so that they could neither
raise them nor lower them
, Trip. 110.3 = Lat. Lives 30.8 .
50 i croisfigill cen tairnem lama, RC xv 489 § 17 . ic turnam
seolbratt, TTr. 1430 . re toirneamh na dtroigheadh, DDána
98.21 . ré turnamh an abhra in the lowering of an eyelash,
O'Hussey T.C. 28.y . (b) abating, reducing : tairneam
ngotha, 23 P 3, 22a ( O'C. 1885 ). mithidh turnamh na
55teineadh, DDána 58.3 . tes gan túrnamh (of a person),
O'Gr. Cat. 510.12. do thúrnam chnocc in chinn to reduce
wens on the head
, 180.5 . do turnum atta to reduce swelling,
Irish Texts v 10.9. da madh doisoineann ... a thurnamh a
soininn, Celt. Rev. x 143.23 . (c) With nouns denoting
60persons reducing, bringing low, humbling : dligid cach dium-
sach t. ¤ , ZCP xi 84.9 . do tairnium anflatha, Ériu i 130.48 .
fúair a tairnem, a tuirim | i nAird Chaindlech, Met. Dinds.
iv 238.3 . do thurnamh na trén, ┐ do thoccbáil na ttruagh,
BNnÉ 125.6 . rothoirnem treb Themrach, Lec. 292c16 .
65 is é ar dturnamh do thógbháil (the poet to a cross over his
son's grave), DDána 65.1 . batar ga toirneadh `who were
for deposing him
,' FM iii 574.21 . craos, lé ndéantar turnamh
na hanma, TSh. 7896 . ?Cf. dí thairnech (leg. —ed ?) ... na
Troe, TTr. 765. (d) Of feelings such as honour, pride, etc. :
70 atcota dīmus tornem, Anecd. iii 11.15 . ní turnamh toile |
fearg an aosa hionmhoine, Studies 1921, 588 § 3 . a innoc-
bail do thornem, Ann. Conn. 1291.7 .
II Intransitive. (a) descending, falling : andar lé tinne
de ór de thárniud na hucht (in a dream), LL 371az . do
75ghabh ... re toirrnem hi (of a ball), CF 374 . gan toirnem
... da eoch dismounting , TTebe 3510 . ata ... subaltaidhi
... ar toirnium leit frith, Lib. Flav. ii 6a49 . túrnam cret
na mbarc re toinn `heave and pitch,' O'Gr. Cat. 651.21.
re tarmanghail na trom-gon ic toirnium ar curaid-rennaib
80craisech, MR 230.x . go dtuilltear uait ... | tornamh oram,
a Uain Dé `that Thou come to me,' Aithd. D. 73.15 . Of
natural phenomena : in tairinnud gl. dejectio (lunae), Bcr.
33d4 . turnamh don ghréin ` setting ,' Content. v 40 . cec
... ac turnadh ... fon cathraigh, St. Ercuil 780. (b) stooping,
85 bending, bowing down (in prayer, etc.) : sacart .i. ... ón
toirned thoirnes oc tabairt graid fair, Fél.² xlv § 24 . t. ¤
form beolu, TBC p. 368 n. 6 = Goid. 180.10 = Fél.² cv 7 .
dlegar ... | t. ¤ (? sic leg.) gen trīstt co ba thrī, BColm. 100.14 .
a chéasadh ... | toirneamh dhó dleaghoid `they should
prostrate before it
,' Dán Dé xxxi 27 . ó do sgaoil cunnradh
5na gcéidfhear | turnamh dhaoibh nírbh éigean air `there
was no longer any obligation on thee to obey it
,' Aithd. D.
31.26 . ar dtornad ... ar an bfion `applied themselves to the
wine
,' ALC ii 390.13 . (c) abating, lessening : ar turnad a
treinfergi, ZCP vi 282.22 . iar dturnamh na díleann, TSh.
10 8422 . cen t. ¤ without abatement, unceasingly : borrfad
menman cen t. ¤ , Ériu vii 164.32 = ZCP iii 26.31 . umalóid
trēn gan toirnemh, ZCP i 62 § 41 . dul gan toirnemh ... da
noirdnedh, BNnÉ 283.19 . ag a tinchosc gan turnadh do
briathraibh ailgena, Études Celt. i 79.22 .
15Note also : Fir Domnand tra o doman-toirneadh na
huiri rohainmnigheadh, BB 29b26 = Lec. 277b40 (cf. Cóir
Anm. 225 ). ? amarus na hanma fana chur 'na curp arís
gach doimne ┐ sis da turnadh 'sin glenn, Aisl. Tund. 130.y .
dosfuc fo thairniam thaisse | Medb Gailían co nglórmaisse
20` impotent abasement ,' Met. Dinds. iii 368.31 and note (but
cf. ZCP xv 196 ).

tairp(th)ech adj o, ā The -p- represents an original voiced -b-,
cf. tairbbig (: chairdib), SR 5915 . tairbech, LU 1258 .
TBC 5293 , RC xlvii 293.7 , TTr. 1960 , etc. The form tairpthech
25(with voiceless -p-) is frequent only in late texts, though it is
found e.g. at BB 7a19 , Trip. 132.3 .
Strong, violent, vigorous, impetuous etc. : err thrent. ¤ ,
LU 8955 . nech immeresna nach rét co tairptiuch, Ériu
vii 160.3 . tri treitill thairbecha, TTr. 619 . is tarpech in
30mod, TBC 1398 . bud t. ¤ in teidm, 3051 . a fhercc thuinne
tairpidhe, Ériu ix 10.112 . do clochuibh tairpthecha tabhall,
St. Ercuil 1481 , cf. ZCP vi 46.28 . claidmi ... tairbtecha,
Cog. 160.2 . Eoghan ... tairptheach, ML 72.26 . caomh-
shliocht Niuil tairipigh, O'Bruad. i 66. sruth tairptech
35... ag sileadh óna ghnúis, O'Hussey T.C. 68.7. Superl.
drem is treisi ┐ is tairpidhi isin doman, D iv 2, 41a39 . As
subst. : atá sund | in tarbech sínte comlund, TFerbe 260 .
? ised tra forúair do Cír in tairptheach sin for sruth
nEofraite, BB 7a19 .
40? Cf. tegait go tric tairptennta ` haughtily (?).' Duan.
Finn i 46 § 11.

tairp(th)ige n iā, f. (tairpech) strength, violence, impetuosity :
fer rosasad ... a déni. a tarptigi. a decrad, LU 4847 =
TBC² 358 . drus ┐ tarpige ┐ dechrad do chéli, LU 5629 .
45 is torand ar tharpigi (of a company of men), TBC 5384 .
is é tricci ┐ tarpigi ... connagat na eich, LL 189a16 . co
tarbigi ríg, IT iii 246.86 . suaill nach sgoiltid neoill nimhe |
a threoin ar a dtairpthighe ` fury ,' Content. ii 2 and note.
deineach ┐ dengnamh ... ┐ do thairptigthe ... tuaisceirt
50Ereann, FM v 1636.5 . re tairpighe a triath, MR 102.x .

1 tairrecht xsee tárrachtain.

2 tairrecht n a kind of fine (?) : lethsét a t. ¤ no aircsin gan
a rér, H.3.17 col. 415 ( O'Don. 511 ) (in a list of fines, etc.
due to a lord). ? Or to tárrachtain.

55 tairrechtach adj inciting, provocative (?) : nibsa t. ¤ nibsa
faemseach, BB 63a25 = airrechtach, Tec. Corm. p. 17 n. 11
(LL). nīr bat taer(r)echtach debtha `be not provocative
of strife
,' ZCP xv 188 § 1 ( LU 3466 ). See Language xvii
251 . Cf. tairriachad.

60 ? tairrechtae n hi comrag na nilmuire ... docuirither cach
ae i tuaimm aroli amail orceil (tairrechtae) co suidet síss
i ḟúdomain, Corm. 13 `like the paddles ... of a millwheel ,'
Corm. Tr. 41 . Cf. Corm. Y 323 and Études Celt. iii 30.

tairrechtaid n i, m. (? tairrecht, see tárrachtain) pursuer .
65 t. ¤ cecha [tāna] in tarb, Ériu vii 6.6 = airechtoib, 198.23 .

tairred n= tairired : t. ¤ n-aile dochúadussa | ... coro ferussa
márchatha | fri Lochlaind another journey that I went,
LU 9357. 9378 . ni d'imgabail óc na hanruth tecair in
t. ¤ sain, TTr. 1453.

70 tairriachad, tairriachtad n uand o,[m.] (cf. tairriachaid
and : comraiti nad comraite comraiti in bualad nad com-
raiti in toiriach i comraiti in druth, H.3.18, 632a ( O'C.
1393 ), with toiriach <to-air+fiach ? Cf. the spelling
tair(r)fiachad infra).
75 Inciting, egging on, instigating : gl. turgaire, Laws iii
156.4 , 11 . An offence similar to but more serious than
dúscad : aithghin is é fiach in druith dia mbe fer duisce ┐
fer tairriachaidh ar áird, a trian ar fir duisce ┐ a da trian ar
fir tairriachaidh ; muna be acht fer tairriachaidh nama is
80aithgin fair a aénur, H.3.17 col. 265 ( O'Don. 344 ). Cf.
Laws iii 160.5 . do rine fer toirriachta a toirriachadh, 23 - 24
Comm. toirriachtad, 162.2 Comm. codnach toirrechda,
208.2 . druth toiriachta, v 142.23 Comm. fuil fearus druth
.i. o bias codnach oc a torriachadh `blood shed by a fool,
85i.e. when incited by an adult
,' 142.18 Comm. ni hicann fear
tairfiachaid in druith ni uair ni hicind in druth fein he who
incites a fool pays nothing, for the fool himself does not pay
,
H. 3. 18, 288 ( O'C. 581 ). fer tarrfiachta in druith, Eg. 88,
19 (20)b ( O'C. 2260 ).