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talam n n,m. n s. int huile t. ¤ , Ml 69d3 . a d s. talmain, Wb 33d4 .
70 Ml 113c2 . 115b14 . 131b4 . SR 2020 . Thes. ii 353.8 . talam,
Wb 21d4 . Ml 45d13 . 68c4 . g s. in talman , Ml 51c24 . a du.
talmain, Corm. Y 516 . n p. talmanna, ML² 1581 . a p.
talmana, Ml 81c14 . g p. talman, Ml 40d16 . d p. talmanib,
69a10 . See IGT Decl. § 19 . In Early Mod. Ir. also with
75varying gender and inflection. As n,f. : g s. na talmhan ,
DDána 3.8 . TSh. 186 . Cf. na talmha (: Torna), Content.
xvi 200 . As o, m. : g s. an talaimh , TD 11.12 . tailimh,
ITS xxiv 128.11 . g p. talam, Maund. 72 . IGT Decl. § 17 .
n s. taladh, TBC p. 135 n. 11 . g s. thalaidh, Maguires of F.
80 31.12 . a p. talta, Mac Aingil 350.10 . Cf. Corp. Astron.
50.24 , 88.9 . n s. talman (m.), De Contemptu s.v.
I the earth in geographical sense. (a) the earth, the world :
int uile comthirchomracc sanctorum hi t. ¤ , Wb 7c8 . in nule
cuaird in talman, Ml 25a8 . hi fudumnaib talman, 40d16 .
85 aesca bís ... os t. ¤ , Bcr. 33b1 . i nelluch in talman, Thes. ii
5.32 . tairismige t[h]alman `stability of earth,' 356.3 . ri
dorigne ... t. ¤ , SR 315 . ríg talman `earthly kings,' Fél.
Prol. 245 . manid t. ¤ imid-rae, BDD² 501 . in t. ¤ condascara
ná inné búadrugud mo meic-sea ... for Táin bó Cualnge?,
TBC 4690 . Adam ... mac in talman nóim, PH 2023 . for
5talmuin .i. for talamuin for main dolomartaig in talmun,
Laws v 14. 1 , 6 Comm. nāch bīad a dīn for talmain he
would have no protection on earth
, ZCP viii 114.z . clár ... an
talmhan, TD 7.37 . os fheruib in talman, St. Ercuil 499 .
sealbh na talmhan, Matth. v 5. (b) earth as opposed to
10heaven: ar indocbáil talman `earthly glory,' Wb 23d21 .
eter muntir nime et talman, 26d5 . Ml 106a3 . 119d9 . Thes.
i 484.7 . rosōera mo chorp for talmain | ronóeba m'anmain
for nem, ii 353.8 . Ísu Crist ... slaníccid nime ┐ talman,
PH 2981. (c) country, territory: inna ndoine robatar isnaib
15talmanib sin, Ml 69a10 . mairg talamh dár thighearna,
TD 32.42 . ca talamh duit?, 38.1 . isin T. ¤ naomtha `the
Holy Land
,' ALC i 468.1 . (d) Hence in phr. tír ┐ t. ¤ (cf.
W. tir a dayar): di thír et t. ¤ ná ní sin, Wb 9b19 . oc scarad
fri Temraig .i. fría tír ┐ fria talmain co bráth, LU 4386 .
20 óna thír ┐ óna thalamh féin, TSh. 2738.
II earth, ground as distinct from air and water (in this
sense occasionally in pl. ). (a) In general sense of earth,
ground, soil: far samailsi fri talmain, Wb 33d4 . ni mesa
indas t. ¤ for tiresi gl. terram quae est sicut vestra terra, Ml
25 34a5 . t. ¤ tíre tairngeri, 118d22 . trí indlach inna talman
nisin `through the cleaving of those earths' (earthquake),
40d16 . forsna talmana cobsaidi `on the firm lands,' 81c14 .
lubai in talman, SR 1568 - 9 . lamcur doib (stakes) co nach
urfaema in t. ¤ , Laws iv 112.12 . fóid in talman, RC xxiii
30414 § 26. maidm talman ... ina faiche `a chasm ... in his
green
,' Laws iii 254.19 Comm. maidhm talmhan ` earth-
quake ,' Keat. iii 2400 . a n-īslib ┐ a n-etrigib na talman,
ML² 37 . saididh ... an cuailli ... cu raghaibh t. ¤ `took root,'
Lism. L. 2385 . talta tiorma clochacha dry, stony soils,
35 Corp. Astron. 50.24 . is talamh naomhtha, Ex. iii 5 .
(b) the earth as enveloping medium: as in t. ¤ fessin,
Ml 45d13 . fó thalmain, TBC 614 . Hence tech talman an
underground chamber, cellar: co seotu is tech talman, SR
3196 . na tairclasa ┐ na tigi talmun, BB 238b2 . airdlestair
40┐ tighi talman, ML² 81 . a n-uaim thalman, St. Ercuil
1811 . Hence also the earth considered as burial-place,
the grave: asréracht ... | Ísu a brú thalman, Fél. March
27 . i lepaidh talman, ZCP vi 264 § 1 . tabhair [ar] ndal i
dtalmhain | neamh dom anmhain, A. Ó Dálaigh xxiii 11.
45 no go bhfilligh tú chum na talmhan, Gen. iii 19. (c) the
earth as a surface, crust: cach luib ... ticc tria thalmain,
SR 1926 . riasiú táirset t. ¤ BDD² 943 . do tuit ceathruímthe
frisin for talmain one fourth of it (the fine) lapses, is
annulled
(?), Laws iv 126.21 Comm. do thalmain caithid
50a cuid they eat off the ground, Maund. 39 . fri lár talman,
LU 8379 (FB). clār talman, ML² 1375 . Frequently in
phr. co talmain to the ground, down: fer co talmain every
inch a man
, TBC 5322 . cor bris gach oirbi ... co talmuin,
RC xviii 151.3 . rug dorn tréinfhir go talamh `brought a
55strong man's hand to the ground
,' TD 10.18 . guna co talmain,
St. Ercuil 2137 . o mulluch co talmin, Mon. Tall. 157.11 .
cen rochtain co talmain, cen éirghi ar uachtar shaili the
bottom of the sea
, Lism. L. 3771 . Also with fo: tuc mór
slúag fo thalmain laid low, ScM.² 24.z . bhar bhfuil | ná
60léigeann tréan fá thalmhain, Content. xxix 10. (d) the
earth in explicit antithesis to sky and water: a muirib ┐
aeraib ┐ talmandaib, Ériu ii 136 § 118 . connar cungain
nem nó talmain, LU 8533 (FB). nem úasaind ┐ talam
ísaind ┐ muir immuind, TBC 5974. (e) Hence dry land:
65 dus in fagbad ... | talmain (the dove sent by Noah), SR
2568 . tond fri talmain, LU 8617 (FB). ní fuil t. ¤ ann
(beyond Pillars of Hercules), St. Ercuil 1383.
III earth as a substance, clay: cona bi t. ¤ and gl. (argentum)
terrae purgatum, Ml 31c29 . ? dia tarat Dia tinfed ṅglan |
70dochum do chuirp i t. ¤ , SR 1790 . do delbais in taeb sa
... | do thalmain, Arch. iii 242 § 7 . ón thruaill talmhansa
`this body of clay,' Dán Dé xvi 12.
Various: etarche ... .i. etartalamh .i. talamh is īsliu eter
dā talmain ardae .i. eter dā imaire, Corm. Y 516 . a T. uas
75talmannaib (God), Ir. Lit. 2.21 . Of the Virgin Mary:
talamh í as airde ná neamh, DDána 46.57 `a creation higher
than Heaven is she
,' Ir. Monthly 1928, 268 ógh ... dar
bh'ainm naomhthalamh ós nimh, DDána 49.6 . ? corop ech
bas t. ¤ tíre | alad úane `a horse of land' (reward for poem),
80 MS. Mat. 489.20 ( LL 45b23 = Rawl. 85b44 ).
Compds. ¤ chrith earthquake: mar thrasgarthar an teach
... lé talaimh-chrioth, TSh. 9137 . ¤ chumscugud earth-
quake: ro gab crith ┐ t. mór insi hErend, LU 9759 . trethan
┐ t. mor, TTebe 2932 . tromthorann ┐ talamhcumhsccu-
85ghadh, FM vi 2132.6 . ¤ gein: g s. in talamgeindi gl. terre-
genae, Ml 68c4 . ¤ minugud act of pulverizing earth: Findoll
Caisirni .i. cisternaei ... .i. talamh-mhinugud, ar issé cét-
duine lér' tochladh talamh ar tús, Cóir Anm. 254 . ¤ nem
(dvandva) heaven and earth: tighearna ar talaimhneamh,
Aithd. D. 94.1 . ¤ thuinide: iat ina lighi ... re lar ... co
5ngabtais in talam-tuinide `they were taking hold of the site
of the earth
,' CCath. 6138.