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tan, tain n[ā ?],f. (nach th. ¤ , III (e), cech th. ¤ (g)). But with
m. pron. is hé t. ¤ , TBFr. 157 (see Gloss.). an tan-sain gá
dtámaid ris, DDána 20.24 . Orig. form not clear, the word
45occurring, in old exx., only in conj. and adv. phrases.
Apart from the phrases iar tain (III (k)) and do thain
(III (j)), where the d s. in palatal —n is regular, the form tain
is found only in the Glosses : ? d s. nach thain , Ml 32b7 ,
39a23 . ? a s. in tain , Wb 4a27 (cf. andand, Mon. Tall. 152.23
50 etc. an dan , DDána 106.8 etc.). alaili tain , Sg. 222b1a .
in tan , Wb 33d10 , Sg. 190b3 , Tur. 60.106 . See Thurn. Hdb.
§ 156 , Études Celt. iii 102 . d p. iar tanaib , see III(l). The
usual form passim is tan. Also with final —nd, —nn : an
tand , Mon. Tall. 148.22 . in tand , BDD² 1496 . in dann
55(: ann), IGT Decl. ex. 281 (so frequently in syll. verse. But
tann : sal, PBocht 12.8 ). taun, Ériu ii 95 § 6 (but : damh ?).
ZCP iii 451.14 .
I time, while, point of time : an t. ¤ -sain gá dtámaid ris
that occasion I am referring to, DDána 20.24 . fá gar liomsa
60do bhí an t. ¤ , Measgra D. 44.11 . ? mitan .i. miaimser,
O'Mulc. 824.
Most frequently, however, in conj. and adv. phrases :
II In conj. phrases usually temporal, but also somet.
causal, final, and conditional. With foll. rel. clause (in
65O. Ir. usually with relative —n—). Cf. indand imbaoi, Mon.
Tall. 162.14 .
(a) tan. (i) when, whenever . With subj. : t. ¤ tiastae when
(-ever) they come
, Fél. Ep. 470 . t. ¤ tissaid, SR 3501 . With
indic. : t. ¤ nad bi, SR 1199 . t. ¤ bīs, Arch. iii 307 § 17 . t. ¤
70atchess | Crimthan, Hail Brigit § 7 . t. ¤ ragat when I shall
go
, ZCP vi 266 § 11 . Cf. is hé t. ¤ dolluidsi ón, TBFr. 157 .
(ii) Causal seeing that, since : t. ¤ is d'oencraunn ... | nad leic
duib ni do thormailt seeing that there is one tree He does not
allow you to eat of
, SR 1247 . cia is tslúag ná digni m'amles |
75t. ¤ is tussu rogni inse ?, 6147 . t. ¤ na taibret dia n-aire na
piana, Ériu iii 29 § 2.
(b) in tain, in tan. (i) when, whenever . With subj. : in
tain bes ninunn accobor lenn, Wb 4a27 . in t. ¤ nád nacastar,
25b28 . ind dand dondecmised when this happened to him,
80 Mon. Tall. 143.6 . With indic. pres. : in tain nombíu, Wb
20a3 . in tain téte, 9a3 . in tain diagmani, 3a15 . in t. ¤ arall-
egthar a briathar, 9b3 . in t. ¤ mbíte cen tuisliu, Sg. 220b1 .
ind t. ¤ mbís, Mon. Tall. 132.29 . in t. ¤ as n-áil dó whenever
he likes
, BDD² 850 . comadh ann no beth fīr dé uadha in
85t. ¤ na fadhuibh fīr daoine in the case in which, Laws iv 294.24
Comm. an t. ¤ ríoghthar neach, TD 7.4 . With pret. and
perf. : in tain rombói, Wb 2c5 . in tain ronmoitsem, 17a13 .
in t. ¤ dorolaig, Ml 50d15 . in t. ¤ dobreth, Thes. ii 308.17 .
in t. ¤ ronánicc a leass, 348.2 . in t. ¤ luid, SR 7658 . in t. ¤ ro
scáig, BDD² 1089 . a thriath an tann do shéan, DDána 39.7 .
5 an tann far thochail [sí] thú, Dán Dé iii 26 . With impf. :
ind t. ¤ noteigdis, Mon. Tall. 129.17 . With fut. : in tain
ronicfea, Wb 14a25 . in t. ¤ doregasu, TBFr. 348 . an tann
nach bia, Dán Dé x 27. (ii) until, before : nīcon-dam C. ...
leth-éill a bróci do bein de, in t. ¤ bói oc tidnocul a beōil ...
10dona hublaib did not wait for the lace of one shoe to be untied
before he began to help himself to the apples
, Aisl. MC 47.9 .
nír cian do ann in t. ¤ tainicc A., St. Ercuil 1202 . ní riacht
le C. an tsleg do tharraing an t. ¤ do sháidhetar ..., ML²
1246 . ní mōr comhnaighthe do righneadur ... in t. ¤
15tánagdar, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 12.9 . (iii) Causal since, seeing
that : ni hansa do nách aili for mbrethugud ... in t. ¤ na
hantai fo cocertad M. ┐ A. it is difficult for another to judge
you seeing ye abide not by the decision of M. and A.
, LU
9003 ( FB 75 ). in t. ¤ tra is iat na marb-duile ... ro-chóiset
20a ṅdúilemain ... is in mor-mo is coru do na beoaib ... a
chóined, PH 3368 . in t. ¤ nad ḟúair ... eill fair, RC iii 184.29 .
an t. ¤ nachar fhéad, Gadelica 127.563 . Cf. MR 62.2 . (iv)
Final that : cia maith fil for do cheilesiu ... in t. ¤ doberandsi
mo chaire dó that I should give him my cauldron, FDG 417 .
25 Cf. cia maith fogniat, in t. ¤ moltair sech cách, TBC 415.
(v) Conditional if : cid in t. ¤ ná torsed Forand chucu even if
Pharaoh should not return to them
, Ériu iv 142.7 . maddis
fir mōra na hindsi asa taed donīstais conmeltais ar grīan
in t. ¤ is mac bec dogní in airbert ucut if the grown men of the
30island whence he comes should come to us they would grind
us to dust if a small boy is capable of that performance
, Ériu
i 114 § 3 . ? Here also : in t. ¤ astoidet .ix. ngraidh nimhe ...
┐ in t. ¤ bas giliu in grian ... oldaas innossa, soillsighfid tairsib
sin uile etrachta gnuisi ind Righ, ii 142 § 155 .
35(c) nach tan whenever : nach t. ¤ ronecat a les, Ml 58d5 .
nach t. ¤ atraig ┐ ... nach dand suides, Mon. Tall. 140.19 .
nách t. ¤ tosnaidle súil ind ríg, LU 7829 (BDD). Cf. longud
gibē t. ¤ tairi, ZCP vii 297.3 .
(d) ón t. ¤ since : ón tann theasdá `now that he is not with
40them
,' Aithd. D. 6.34 . ón tann tárraidh, TD 17.64 .
III In adv. phrases.
(a) tan of old, once : roraid Gád fri Dauid t. ¤ , SR 6853 .
is and atá Túathal t. ¤ `from of old,' Met. Dinds. iv 206.49 .
robói t. ¤ tall issin tig `meanwhile' (?), iii 326.42 .
45(b) tan ... tan (aile) ... sometimes ... sometimes : rocha-
thaigsetar fri Bretnu ... t. ¤ ba leo. T. aile ba forro, LU 223 .
t. ¤ do bhínn mar aon is Niall | ... | t. ¤ do bhínn mar aon is
Corc, Content. i 9.
(c) tan ann now and again, sometimes : t. ¤ ann tuccad
50staic dīb co beōlu in rīg, Aisl. MC 101.z . t. ¤ ann, is í a ben
gáeil fen phósas, PH 7790 . t. ¤ ann ... t. ¤ aile sometimes ...
sometimes , 3995 . t. ¤ ann ... feacht aili, Lism. L. 700 - 713 .
(d) (ro) buí tan once . (i) With foll. rel. clause : dobí t. ¤
ba coll-chaill, Met. Dinds. i 2.17 . ro boí t. ¤ rop inmain lim,
55 LU 3962 ( SC 45 ). (ii) As independent adverbial phrase :
rí rosáer Eoin bai t. ¤ , SR 7401 . ropa chliamain ro bái th. ¤ |
do ríg Themra, SG 367.33 . for a ccomhfhuilidhibh ro
bhaoí t. ¤ on their one-time kinsmen (?), FM vi 2254.4 .
(e) nach thain, than at any time, at some time or other :
60 nach thain gl. quando, Ml 39a23 . cip é gellas dít nach th. ¤
`en tout temps,' Études Celt. iii 99.12 . cia no trebaind sund
nach th. ¤ , RC xiv 410.16 .
(f) alaili tain gl. quando, Sg. 222b1a .
(g) (in) cech than at all times, constantly : snim ocus
65saethar cech th. ¤ , SR 1455 . Mac Dé, Dia deoda cech th. ¤ ,
7569 . láiset gair cáine cach th. ¤ , Met. Dinds. iii 50.33 . is
bennachta in cach th. ¤ , SR 2167 . nach cuala tu in cach t. ¤ ,
TBC 2353 . fer sochair soim in cach th. ¤ , ZCP viii 120.2 .
(h) in tan sin then : LU 3458 ( SC 24 ). tunc oblati sunt
70... .i. in t. ¤ sin atdopartha, ZCP viii 173.z . St. Ercuil 1050.
(i) in tan-sa at this time, now : ba h-imper is-in Róim
... in t. ¤ -sa, PH 360 . id chonchlann an tannsa ó tám ` now ,'
Content. ix 1 . an dannsa, Aithd. D. 73.2 .
(j) do thain suddenly, immediately : gabais fearg mor
75Cairnech do thaín, Todd Nenn. 182.12 . gabais do thain ar
Aedh comrac `immediately took upon himself to fight him,'
15 .
(k) iar tain afterwards, then : gl. `post' praepositio,
Sg. 220b5 . Tur. 85 a . ri rodelb dluma iar tain, SR 37 .
80 da ni iarum aithrechus iar dain, Laws iii 12.14 . marb E.
iardain, RC xxiv 176.6 . brath in Righ atrae iar tain, Ériu
iii 196 § 20.
(l) iar tanaib afterwards, then : in tress-ainm dó iar tanaib
`in after days,' Met. Dinds. iii 308.69 . luid ... iar tanaib,
85 Todd Nenn. 234.105 . co roélaisead ... a hEspáin iar tanaib
isan indsi-se, Ériu iv 142.14 . xii 154.6 .
(m) ré tan for a time : caoimhchletha do clódh ré t. ¤ |
daoirchetha ón mbrón dá mbáthadh, Gleanings 14 § 1.