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tárrachtain Mid. and Mod. Ir. vn. based prob. on several
verbs. The long —á— is somet. fixed by rhyme, etc. in syll.
verse (∴ dhílleachtaidh, IGT Decl. ex. 1325 . tháirtheach-
10tana : áithneartmhara, DDána 89.8 ), but in older MSS.
it is only exceptionally marked long ( ScM.² 14.31 ). Perh.
<*to-air-reth- (so ScM.² Gloss. s.v. do-airret ), but the
form with long —á—, if old, may be due to a compd. *to-ad-
reth. The form may further have been influenced by torach-
15tain
, vn. of do-roich (ro-saig), with which it agrees to some
extent in sense. See Ped. ii 610 - 11 , and II infra. g s.
tháirtheachtana, DDána 89.8 . ? tarrachtana, Eg. 88
fo. 16 (17)b ( O'C. 2221 ). The form tairrecht, toirrecht
(: búachailleacht, IGT Decl. ex. 842 , cf. 845 ), which is similar
20in meaning, may be due to contamination : tairecht, AU i
428.1 (=tarrachtain, FM ii 584.3 ). tarriucht, AU i 542.9 .
tairrecht, 546.16 . ? g s. i setaib (sic leg.) a tarrachta , ZCP
xv 318.3 . torachtain tarachtuin, ... tárachtain táirrechtuin
tárthachtain táirthechtain tárrachtain, IGT Decl. § 148 .
25 toirreacht (g s. —a), m., § 24 .
I In the ordinary meanings of the verb do-airret. (a)
overtaking, coming on, pursuing : soais Cairpri ... co tarach-
tain Meic Con, Anecd. ii 79.19 . bar tarrachtain uli oc denam
... merli, LB 116b21 . Cf. far ṅgabail uili ic meirle, SR 3568 .
30 imsai-sium ... dia tarrachtain ... ┐ o nach tarraigh air,
Aen. 181 . difoiche de da tarrachtuin `overtaken by an act
of God
,' Laws ii 8.9 Comm. gan tograim ocus gan tárrach-
[t]ain, MR 234.23 . a tairriucht creiche `in pursuit of prey,'
AU i 542.9 .
35(b) reaching, arriving at : do tarrachtain do leth ón muir
do toghail na cathrach, CCath. 1908 . fōd for ro delbad
mo leacht | isam ēcean a thaireacht `I must needs approach
it
,' Éigse ii 109 § 6 . meise is m'óige re holcaibh | móide
an treise ar dtarochtain, DDána 11.4 . cin duabais eicin
40dia tarrachtain without being overcome by despondency,
D iv 2, 57d4 . ciall in raind ... dursan dam a tarrachtain
inní da tá that it should have come about, Acall. 3268 . do
tairechtain tosaich to get to the front, TTebe 2355 . ? Here
also (or to (c) ?) : ar cuit do t. ¤ dún i n-erlaime, ScM.² 14.31
45(thairiuc, v.l.). Cf. sen corma dia tairechtain, YBL 126a7 .
? Of a well-directed shot : fria ré docuire urchar uait ... is
den tairecht sin tra asberar taurthait no turachur, Corm.
43 =turacht, Corm. Y 1229. (c) getting, obtaining, finding
(in TBC in bad sense getting at, obtaining by a trick) : co
50tartaitis ceilc immon slóg fri tarrachtain drēchta díb dia
n-airlech, TBC² 1462 . máeth n-áraig do tharrachtain do
Meidb fair im chomlond, TBC 3236 . co tarachtain enic-
lainni doib acu, Laws v 86.12 Comm. gan díl a shainti do
tarrachtain d'á trén-feraib, MR 250.19 . In Laws of the
55legal or illegal obtaining of fine or compensation : hi setaib
(sic leg.) a tarrachta `aus den Wegen, worauf sie erlangt
werden kann
,' ZCP xv 318.3 =secht treaba la Feine adbaill
a ndire a setaib i tarrachtain .i. iar na conuirib i tarrtaidhir
iat co indl[igthech] according to the way it was obtained (?),
60 Laws v 162.18 , 23 (text and Comm.). But cf. cenmotha
seotu a tarruchtuin `except `seds' for immediate seizure,'
ii 110.16 . Also in Laws of the finding of a guilty person
or animal, evidence, etc. : cen tarrachtain colla `when
the body has not been found
,' iii 98.20 Comm. feis ┐ airlimanda
65co tarachtain iar maidin `feis-trespass and leaping over
fences, so that they are caught in the morning
,' iv 72.10 Comm.
co tarrachtain fir laime `until the person actually in fault
is found
,' iii 230.4 (but: co tarrachtain aithgina dfir laime,
244.12 ). is anbal gach aon ar tuine tarrachtain .i. ar is
70anfial do gach aon tarraighter ina tuinid go inndligtech,
iv 382.17 Comm. Cf. tuaslugud mo tire a tuinidhiu tarrach-
tain, ZCP xii 364.30 . ? ni impaidhter talam tar tartachtnaib
.i. nocho nimpaidther in ferann on tí oca tarus é oca tomailt,
H.3.18, 229b ( O'C. 418 ). Cf. iar na tartachtain, Eg. 88,
75 fo. 55 (56)d ( O'C. 2649 ). (d) seizing, grasping : sínes in
Masilecdha an laim clé do tarrachtain na laime tescdha,
CCath. 2062 . corbo mithig dó in claidem do tarrachtain,
D iv 2, 43d38 .
II In senses possibly due to the influence of other verbs,
80but which can also be explained as developments of those
in I. (a) avenging (? infl. of compds. of fich) : tarrachtain
.i. dioghail, O'Cl. fri tarrachtain na macraide forro to
avenge the boys on him
, TBC² 1992 . ainech Ulad do thar-
rachtain (diogail, v.l.), TBC 4596 . ac tarrochtain forro in
85gnīma do-righensat, ZCP xi 65.10 . atō mar chimid i cip |
do tarrachtain imid n-uilc to punish (?), vi 263.12 . (b) saving,
rescuing (? cf. fo-reith etc.) : do tarrachtain in droichit
cen díscailedh `to seize the bridge and save it from destruc-
tion
,' CCath. 1271 . dochuaidh thort mo tháirriochtain
it is time for Thee to save me (?), DDána 11.23 . fád Dá Thí
5... | a-tád ar tí a tháirtheachtana, 89.8 . roleic in ainmide
n-galair cen tarrachtain, ZCP iv 390.5 . Eóin Bruinde
bídh dom thoirreacht, IGT Decl. ex. 842 . anacal ┐ tairr-
theachtain, Fl. Earls 58.11 . (c) Various : do tharrachtain
gona duine to compass the slaying of a man, RC xiv 242.28 .
10 ag t. ¤ aimlesa (sic leg.) De dogres (of two sinful persons),
BNnÉ 321.33 . iar scís .i. iar tairachtain in feliri after the
completion of
, Fél.² ccvii gl. 38 . im thairiuc ... .i. im tairech-
tain na fiadnaise, Laws i 138.21 Comm. biadh do thairechtain
don flaith `food is to be supplied by him to the chief,' ii 244.7
15Comm. ? Cf. is la tir fris a suiditer dlegár ... a mbiadhad,
a tairechtaib, i 128.16 Comm. See tairecc.

? tarraic ind ná ra[b] t. ¤ imale | ar am[m]aid ná ar drochdhuine
(arráid, v.l.), Acall. 585.

? tarraide x is feis cach lige cach tarraidhe `when detected,'
20 Laws iv 78.9 .i. o tharraigter and iatt ina lighe, 80.8 Comm.
See tartaide.

tarraige xsee tairridi.

tarraing, tairring n f. vn. of do-srenga. IGT Decl. § 13
( 65.z . g s. —e). n s. also tarrang. tarrang tairreng o, m., § 11
25(54.7) . tarrang, Desid. 1249 . tairreang, 3777 . The form
tarraing is found as g s. in Early Mod. Ir. ( IGT Decl. ex.
367 = DDána 57.3 ). Note also gléus tárronga , John iv 11
(1810). do chum ar ttarruingthe , Desid. 64.
I In concrete meanings. (a) drawing, pulling, dragging :
30 sesca dam dia t. ¤ na hénmuici, ScM.² 7. 31 . do th. ¤ in hidail
as a inad, PH 2078 . tucastar T. trentairring air, TTebe 261 .
t. ¤ in gai as in aludh to pull the spear out of the wound, Laws
v 492.15 Comm. idh ... as an ccomhladh fri a t. ¤ chucca
a ring in the door by which to pull it towards them, FM vi
351898.5 . na heachraidhi ... ag trēn-t. ¤ a gcōistidhi, Fl. Earls
186.12 . (b) pulling out, tearing away : mirti ... arna t. ¤ a
tendtaib talman, TTebe 1564 . ag t. ¤ a fuilt tearing her hair,
Études Celt. i 83.3 . ag t. ¤ na leinedh ... da chorp, St. Ercuil
2511 . a ttáobh rioghacht do tharruing súas ┐ do leagadh
40síos `to pluck up, and to pull down,' Jer. xviii 7. (c) drawing,
tearing asunder with horses (a form of execution) : a th. ¤
edir eachaibh, FM iii 426.14 . drong do th. ¤ o chéle dibh,
iii 550. y . iter chrochad ┐ marbad ┐ t. ¤ , Ann. Conn. 1333.2 .
(d) drawing in a net : 's an líon t. ¤ i dtá sinn | go lá a th. ¤
45ní thuigim and the dragnet (?) in which I am caught ... till
it is drawn in
, DDána 57.3 . ? Cf. fág líon a tharruing
astteagh | líon a cCalluinn sul chuirthear, IGT Decl. ex.
457 . luath-foibirt cacha srotha .i. slan aen-t. ¤ in lin `one
pull at the net
,' Laws v 482.24 , 484.10 (text and Comm.).
50(e) attraction (of heavenly bodies) : as mar sin tairrnges an
re uisci na fairrgi ... ┐ an trat scuires se don t. ¤ sin and
when that attraction ceases
, Ir. Astr. Tr. 46.28 .
II In concrete meanings of a less literal nature.
(a) drawing, directing, carrying (of water, etc.) : [.iii. tir] dár
55nach usu in tuisci da th. ¤ , Laws iv 214.24 Comm. co mba
hecin di usce na Temrach da th. ¤ `that she was compelled
to draw the water of Tara
,' RC xxiv 190.8 . ag t. ¤
deoch | a gallaing drawing wines from galleons, DDána
91.53 . dochum ... nach dtiocfa mé annso da th. ¤ (of water),
60 John iv 15. (b) drawing (breath) : go ttug anam diobh
tarrang dia anail forsan righ, BNnÉ 185 . x. ac tairring an
aoir cuigi, Rosa Ang. 106.16 . ag t. ¤ a anáile, TSh. 1896.
(c) Med. drawing (blood, etc.) : is uada sin (i.e. certain
parts of the body) is coir an tairring do denumh, Rosa Ang.
65 32.16 . fognuid tairring ann sin tunc competit pharmacia,
54.8 . gebe neach da tabair purgoid ... nach incoisg don
tarrang no gu ngaba tart e `the purging should not be ceased,'
Éigse iii 108.8 . da mbia tairring laidir let atis don sgairt
cleib ` tension ,' Rosa Ang. 184.11 . (d) extracting, trans-
70lating, copying (of books) : trāchtad annso arna thair-
ring a leabraib laidianda, ZCP xii 294.4 . An Teagasg
Críosduidhe ... air na tharruing ... as bréithir shoilléir
Dé, Donl. ii 6 . an obairsi do tharrang a Laidin a n-Gaedilg,
O'Don. Grammar 290. (e) a written character, letter : tairring
75sothuicsinach donīther ar in meamram, ZCP xii 294.14 .
(f) making for, going towards (with various prepp.) : Maghnus
... d'elodh esde ┐ t. ¤ go caislén locha an sccuir, FM iv 718.3 .
an chríoch dheigheanach dochum a bfhoilmíd uile ag tair-
reng, O'Hussey T.C. 47.3.
80 III In abstract senses. (a) inducing, inciting, instigation :
na huli Cristaige ... do th. ¤ co hadrad hídal, PH 365 . dochum
na n-eiriciodh féin do thairreang chum creidimh, Desid.
4386 . Cathal ... do marbhadh do gallaibh ar t. ¤ Mic Fheorais
`by the procurement of,' FM iii 380.17 . Cf. do chuir tarruing
85ar O Neill chuige `he summoned O'N. to him,' L. Chl. Suibhne
18.18 . do thuitim iar t. ¤ ceilcce da combrathair fair `having
been treacherously betrayed
,' FM vi 2016.z . robaí cuid dóibh-
sidhe a tt. ¤ Shémais `these were in confederacy with James,'
v 1714.8 . (b) fer t. ¤ inciter, ringleader (?): badh é an t-
oineach mh'fear tarroing (` decoy (?)'), Ériu ix 163 § 6 .
5 fear [tarraing] ... é dá chloinn | i gcion Ádhaimh ` leader ,'
Dán Dé xv 15 . mar th. ¤ `as an advance guard,' Content.
xxii 23 . t. ¤ eolach arrachta `leader,' Aithd. D. 80.29 n.
(c) drawing on oneself, incurring (of love, anger, etc.): do
tharroing ar dtola oraibhsi seach chach eile, RC iv 352.3
10(O'Cl.). eagla a easgcáirdeasa do th. ¤ orainn, TSh. 5441.
(d) Various: ac t. ¤ a feadma ... astu making use of them
(oxen), Laws iii 268.17 . do sheanfhoclaibh ... dobadh
tarbhach do th. ¤ chum gnáthaigthe, Desid. 31 . ? masad
tánacais dom brath | 's do th. ¤ mo shaegulrath `to curtail
15my gift of life
,' SG 57.10 . ? Cf. tréan t. ¤ a-tá gar mbrath | an
corp codaltach craosach, Aithd. D. 80.29 . Of family descent:
an chaor shlóigh tanig tar tuinn | doibh atámuid da th. ¤
I am showing him to be descended from, A v 2, 27 . ag iarraidh
síodha do th. ¤ idir Laighnibh ┐ rígh Mumhan `to arrange
20peace
,' Keat. iii 3184 . gach faraire ... do thairg | tarrang
a mbeatha fá bhratachaibh imchéine `every champion who
tried to eke out his livelihood
,' O'Bruad. iii 20.
Compd.: tucustair tendad ┐ tarraing-drutad ... fair
`dragging and squeezing,' CCath. 2958.