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admat

Cite this: eDIL s.v. admat or dil.ie/498

 

n o, m. vn. formation from *ad-moin-, see Celtica iv 46 and i 339 .

(a) invention, contrivance; device, artifice: bid hé corp ar n-aicde / a.¤ na ba tíamdae, Fél. Prol. 293 . gnim tanaissi . . . a.¤ adfét in scriptúir . . . bacc iairnn cech oenfir the second thing they made, an object which Scripture tells of, was an iron hook for each man, SR 4202 (of the construction of the Ark) (= is é gním tánaise dorigned ann . . . baccán iarinn cech aenduine, Celtica iv 30 ). glé ni hinunn seis na smacht / gne na hintliucht, na a.¤ craft (of the animal creation), SR 7266 . isochma do Día coro cumtaige cen adbar . . . cech n-a.¤ no cech n-aicde bes áil dó, LU 2601 . suí cech admait conna rabi riam . . . goba bad ferr, LL 13566 . greas for indeoin, admad a ceardca, tirad a n-aith, Laws v 474.2 . aithgabail goband . . . gat im indeoin ┐ apud nad derna atmat fuirri, ii 118.23. Comm. ingean Mhuireadha Meas fial-nar / ca hadmad caem ar nar' chlis, Ériu x 84 § 79 . Hence material esp. timber: atá an t-adhmat benta isin coilledh aguind (for building a church), BNnÉ 237 § 163 . ag tarraing an adhmaid on coilled, 238 § 164 . rugadar clocha . . . ┐ an tadhmad, 1 Kings xv 22 . In follg. passage glossed .i. foglaim (falso inference?): adhmad .i. foglaim . . . deismirecht aile ann gurab inann adhmad ┐ foglaim, amail adeir isin Breisligh . . . Cuin do raghtar fris? . . . co nderntar tri gaiscid linne . . . .i. adhmat sechtmaine. Is mithig duin . . . erfuagra uan for firu Erenn. Nocha mithigh . . . uair adhmad sechtmaine is adhmad secht mbliadna .i. aon la cacha bliadna . . . fri denam na ngae, O'Curry 977 (H. 3.18, 422) (from Aided Con Culainn). So also Thurn. Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. ii 15.28 (from H. 3.18, 601) `Stoff für eine Woche' etc., `material for study practice', Plummer MS. notes.

(b) poetical composition, poem: Flann mac Lonán . . . .cc. in t-adhmadsa isin lo iarna marbad, Irish Texts i 24.18 . do nithi leisiom an laoidh / an drecht sa t-adhmad d'entaoibh ZCP ii 352.11 . airligud in dine (.i. in diune) cach fir dana, dian prim-a.¤ no prim-cerdd i n-aga a erco , Laws v 372.x . is mithigh anes o eigsibh / a meic, sguir d' adhmhad tre aiebh, Ériu x 88 § 109 . ní thuillfeadh san adhmad-sa / an deachmhadh cuid dod chaithréim in this composition, DDána 120.37 . aithris dí na mharbhlaoidh más adhmad dúinn, Ó Bruad. iii 226 § ii . dá ndeachoinn do dheilbh adhmoid, Studies 1920, 263.11 . adhmad beag andso do rinde M. Séon Carsuel (a poem directing his book on its course), Carswell p. 24 . ní marbhnaid bud dáothan dó / mar ṡaothar adhmaid énbhó, IGT Decl. ex. 649 .

biad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. biad or dil.ie/5813

 

Forms: bíad, bíad, biith, biid, biud, biada, bíadh, biadhna, biadhann, biadandaib, biadh

n Early forms disyll. o, n., later m. GOI § 105. n s. (disyll.), IT i 78.2 (LMU 17). bíad nErend, LU 9044 ( FB 79 ). a s. bíad, Wb. 6b24 . g s. biith, 9b23 , biid, 29b13 . d s. biud, Thes. ii 335.29 . a pl. biada, Wb. 6c7 . bíadh, m., IGT Decl. § 76. n pl. biadhna, IT i 6.30 . g pl. biadhann, Rosa Angl. 22.1 . d pl. biadandaib, BB 241a50 .

(a) food: biad graece bia (βίος, ed.) .i. uita , Corm. Y 176. biadh gl. cibus, Ir. Gl. 477. b.¤ .i. sath, O'Mulc. 156. is airi ni b.¤ doratus dúib gl. non escam, Wb. 8c6 . inna ndig et a mb.¤ gl. in cibo, 27a24 . ní tormult far mbíad, 18a10 . brothchán as chóir duib ní b.¤ bes [so]nairt `not strong meat', 33c15 . rogíuil a mb.¤ inna mbragait, Ml. 98b8 . donaib biadaib somailsib, 64c21 . cía . . . as téchtae do dénum biid ríg ? Críth G. 553. ní do bíad dorochtamar it is not thy food we have come for, LU 5650 (TBC). in tan bá mithig tabairt biid dóib, 10585 ( IT i 137.13 ). ni doid a sáith do biud she did not eat her fill, LMU 17.2 . fa baltnugud in bíd ┐ in lenna, MU² 671. cen dig, cen b.¤ , MacCarthy 60.20 . (disyll.) ronbáe b.¤, ronbai tlacht, SR 1557. airchra bíid no etaig, 4064 . (monosyll.) nicharfail tlacht no dagbíad, 1560 . do luaig bíd i tír n-Egept, 3440 . do būar, do brat, do bīudh (: trīur, disyll.), ZCP v 23 § 28. aire .uii. n-ech do braich ┐ biud, Irish Texts i 35.32 ( LL 36986 ). fer fo lind leis ┐ fer fó bíud ? `butler and pantler' (Plummer MS. notes), LL 7672 (TBC). biadh ┐ bitaille leis `food and drink', Stair Erc. 1777. caitiat a mbiadu ? Lite doib uile . . . inund a mbiathu uile . . . gruitin, im nuadh . . . mil, Laws ii 148.20 Comm. atat dún tra biada brechtnaigt[h]i, Alex. 1007. biath na nGall, Ériu iii 140.21 . ecad .i. saith ēcca .i. biad n-ēcca .i. pisci perishable (?) food, O'Mulc. 355. gléasuigh sí a bíadh `provideth her meat', Proverbs vi 8. beatha gan bhiadh (i.e.) immortal life, DDána 19.8 . ní mhothaigh bél blas ar bhiúdh (: iúl), IGT Decl. ex. 1591. biadh bríoghmhar do dhíleághadh `solid food', Donlevy vii 1. fodder of animals: slan dona robaib . . . in b.¤ caithid, Laws iii 262.17 Comm. biadha . . . don asal (= cibaria . . . asino, Eccles. xxxiii 25 ), TSh. 1873.

In phr. arbar biid corn for food, fodder (as opp. to malt): di grán arbae biid, Críth G. 254. da chess lana do braich ┐ do arbur biid, Irish Texts i 35.31 .

(b) Legal refection, food(-rent) due from client to lord; food-levy, tribute of food (see ZCP xiv 336 and bíathad): meth mbid na flatha failure (to fulfil an obligation of supplying) food to the `flaith', ZCP xviii 405.6 . cach mb.¤ cuna dilsi, Laws ii 234.13 ( ZCP xiv 346 § 7 ). i[s] saer iat ar cinaid a mbid `exempt from the liability of (supplying) food', iii 112.19 Comm. airligud bid dia tecmai daim i n-agoi a erco (one of the seven `borrowings' that may involve honour-price if not repaid in time), v 372.14 . bīadh ūathaib gacha rāithe, ZCP viii 16 § 4. do chísaib ┐ do bhiathaib Laigen and so `refections', Leb. Cert. 216.15 . nochaḟuil saoire ar biadh i n-urradus amail ata a cain. Ocus is uime ata sin, tusca biadh i n-urradus na biadh cana, Cóic Con. 66. 17 . See aurradus, céilsine.

Compds. With nouns. bidhcheardcha (`leg. biadh-ch. lit. food-forge ', ed.) `a tavern or tipling house', Eg. Gl. 726. gaphann (henbane) .i. bīad-guin .i. bīad gonus amal gāi, O'Mulc. 613. biadogam .i. bairgen, leamnacht etc., `Food Ogham,' Auraic. 5805. With adj. a fhlaith Bréifne biadhbhuige `food-lavish land', Magauran 843 .

enechgreiss, ainechgreiss

Cite this: eDIL s.v. enechgreiss, ainechgreiss or dil.ie/20068

 

Forms: enechgris, enechgris, enechgressa, inechgreso, ainechgres, enechgrís, enechruice, enechgrisi

n n s. enechgris, Laws v 96.6 . a s. enechgris, FB 71 . a p. enechgressa, IT i 325.29 . inechgreso, 141.27 ; 142.21 . g p. ainechgres, Thes. ii 292.10 . enechgrís, rendering enechruice in commentary ZCP xv 348.21 . g s. enechgrisi ( Laws ii 204 x ) is apparently a distinct word, a comparatively late compd. of 1 enech + grís.

(a) an attack (direct or indirect) on one's honour, an attempt to humiliate, a slander (cf. 1 enech II): cultech ndemin...rugnith ar chiunn ainechgres a storehouse...made as a defence against slanders (i.e. filled with provender so that the host need never blush at lack of refreshment for his guests, cf. enechrucce B) Thes. ii 292.10 . forellsid inn ēcis for mianuib decmuici ar daig enich Guairi do brith, ┐ rofrestuil in Cuimdiu inechgresa in rig tar a chent the poets set themselves to demand impossible boons in order to take away G.'s honour, but the Lord warded off the attacks on the king's repute ACL iii 3.11 . forriuth a n-enech ┐ a n-inechgreso, IT i 141.27 . dofich uar n-inechgreso huili he avenges all affronts to your honour 142.21 . 325.29 . difichim a n-enechgresa ulie, ZCP iii 236.22 . Cf. engress.

(b) the compensatory payment due for an attempt to defame, the fine for an attack on a person's honour; ⅟21 of `eneclann': teora fodla fuil for inchaib duine .i. enicland ┐ enechruice ┐ enechgriss (.i. trian ┐ in t-aenmad rann fichit), Laws v 96.6 . teora eirce... .i. eneclann ┐ dire ┐ aithgin .i. eneclann ┐ enechruice ┐ enechgris, iii 26.27 Comm. arm bes fiu a enechgris do cach aen no ina aenmad rann fichet dia enechlaind `when they amount to each one's blush-fine or the twenty-first part of his honour price' ii 256. 12 Comm. (where the transl. takes the word as enechgrís). When O'Curry, Manners and Customs iii 471 defines enechgris as `a dishonour such as that of receiving stolen goods' he refers to the following: enechgris i n-innib foglad amal rogab set nach aili gatar as do thir na gaibter fort comairce no do snadug, H 3.18, 120 = enechgris a n-indaib ind foghla. is cubaidh iarom ind innalaill .i. ind érco i n-ind foghla, amail rongab: sēt nach aile gadar as do thir nat gaibe, etc. Corm. Y 533 (for: ind fogla see ZCP xvi 267 ).

1 ind, inn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ind, inn or dil.ie/28302
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: ind, n-ind, ind, ind, ind, hinn, ind, fhionn, ind, enna, n-enna, hinna, eand, indaib, hinnaib, eannaib, n-indib, finnuib, n-ind

n o, n. n s. ind, Ml. 45d19 . Corm. Y 808. cach n-ind , LU 6445. ind mbemmi, TBC-LL¹ 4285. a s. co ind , LU 10847. g s. (? or g p.) ind, RC xiv 242.4 . d s. for hinn , SR 8306. do ind , TBC-LL¹ 676. o fhionn , Keat. iii 1164 . n p. ? ind, Ériu v 238.98 . enna, CCath. 5323. a p. i n-enna , LU 5362. re hinna , TBC-LL¹ p. 233 n. 13 . ? g p. eand, MR 168.24 . d p. assa indaib , Fél. 152.19 . for hinnaib , SR 8265. ós eannaib , MR 198.3 . ara n-indib , TTebe 401 . finnuib, ZCP x 347 § 21. n du. a da n-ind , LU 7227.

end, extremity, tip, point, edge, surface: inn cech barr, Corm. Y 1119 s.v. rind scine. ionn. i.¤ rinn, Leb. Gab.(i) 266 n. 3. ind noc[h] is rind, Laws v 12.y Comm. `ind' ainm gach oirir no gach imil, BNnÉ i 235.30 .

(a) Used of the extremities of the body

(i) the top of the head: lurech dé dum imdegail ota m'ind gom bond, RC ii 113.4 . ba tend in tuargain dobertis ara n-indib ┐ ara n-ochtaib `on their heads and on their bosoms,' TTebe 401 . díreach é o fhionn go bonn, Keat. iii 1164. gúna síoda ó inn go haltaibh `from poll of head to ankle,' Ó Bruad. i 36.6 . co n-accae in ingin ... oc folcud a ind (= a cind, YBL 212a12 ) `washing her head,' (or perh. washing her hands and feet ?), RC xiv 242.4 .

(ii) In pl., the extremities of the hands and feet, the extremities in general ; sg. the tip: robadar sreba fola assa indaib `out of his fingers,' Fél. 152.19 . lāmand .i. lām-ind .i. ind na lāime ēidigthir dī, Corm. Y 808. lūirech Dē fam balluib | ōm mulluch gom finnuib, ZCP x 347 § 21. dobretha roth n-urchair di ... do ind a oenláime, TBC-LL¹ 676. lámanda do shechedaib tarb im lámaib na mmíled ┐ íalla a hinnaib a mér (describing the caestus), LL 223a3 . cach mball ┐ cach n-alt ┐ cach n-ind ┐ cach n-áge de o mulluch co talmain, LU 6445. ó ind a mullaig co hind a meoir, LB 142b z. is dath snechta corp co ind, LU 10847. is beg nar comrancadar ind a mer ┐ a cos, Ériu v 238.98 . timpán 'ga tadall d'aigthib ocus d'formnadaib eand ocus ingen na suad `of the finger-tips and nails ...,' MR 168.24 . o innaib a traiged co remhar a sliasat, CCath. 4663. ar inn a gualann `to the tip of his shoulder,' Stair Erc. 190. for indaib t' abrat, Corm. Y 726.

(iii) the tongue: ind .i. tenga. ut est imdeguil co n-ind Aithirni arm `protection with the tongue was Atherne's weapon,' O'Dav. 1084. ind .i. tenga no ind .i. urlabra ut est targud aurduirn fri Athirne cona ind ... .i. cona urlabra nemhnig `guiding his fist against Athirne with his tongue .i. with his virulent utterance,' 1088 = fria hAthairne ionn, Ériu xiii 21.25 .

(iv) of the eyes, pl. the points (cf. 1 rind) : an féccadh ... forgruamdha do bert cach for aroile díbh d'ionnaibh a rosc rinn-radharcach, AFM v 1614.12 .

(b) the point of a weapon or rod: cresaigthiseom in gaí co comraiged a dá n-ind, BDD² 850. atchessa ... siride folai fordergi ... a hindaib cholg ndét ngéramnas, Alex. 21. gia ra thiasmáis i ndib carptib ánd itte co araile iar n-idnaib na n-arm (ar iondaibh, ar ionnaibh, v.ll.), TBC-LL¹ 5864. cingis Cuchulaind co mbái for ind uachtarach in bera, 1948 . co cet[h]eora traigedh ... o ta a urdorn co a ind `from its haft to its point' (of a sword), CCath. 5244. co luptais a n-enna `till their ends bent' (of rods), 5323 . ind ind (leg. i n-ind) fleisce, Anecd. i 55 § 36.

(c) the top (of a tree), the summit (of a hill) : cotnoccaib in t-usci súas co mboí i n-indaib crand, LU 5519. cāin cach caill ō inn co clār, Four Songs 10 § 10 . snigid snechta ... d'innaib craeb a caillid chuan, SG 366.23 . corbo chonair letartha cach n-ulind ┐ cach n-ind ┐ cach n-aird ┐ cach n-aircind don charput sin, LU 6403. a n-indib cnoc ┐ carrac, Acall. 3513. do ind gach aird ┐ do tulmhoing gacha tulchi, BS 114 § 57 . co hinn ┐ co hardmullach in tsleibhi, Stair Erc. 636.

(d) In general top, end, point, edge: metaph. ind inna iarfaichtho (gl. sub inquissitionis scemate) 'the point of the question', Ml. 45d19 . delidin .i. deliugud ō ind .i. ō deud a separation from the end, Corm. Y 448. indrosc .i. ind-ārosc .i. ārosc dā ind brēithre, 747 . ind a elle 'n-a oil `the top of his thong in his cheek,' Laws v 80.1 . cislir rann fil for crū ? Nī hansa. A .iii. ranna .i. rann ō bon cétamus ┐ rann ō inn ┐ rand armedōn, Ériu i 214.15 . Ériu uli o ind co fond ` from top to bottom ,' Three Hom. 44.20 . for hinnaib na lasra sin, SR 8265. ba samalta lem re hinna righratha ... in carbad rampart , TBC-LL¹ p. 233 n. 13 .

? In sense of fate: in olc lat ind do thigerna ... a corp do beith fa conaib, TTebe 3979 (MSS. id, leg. [a]ided ?).

Folld. by gen. of substantive in sense of something that is slight, the least degree of anything: enechgris a n-indaib ind foghla. Is cubaidh īarom ind inn-alaill .i. ind érco i n-ind foghla, Corm. Y 533. transltd. `das enech-gris gehört zum Geringsten von Schädigung. So ziemt sich ein Geringstes fürs andere, nämlich Geringstes von Busszahlung für Geringstes von Schädigung,' Thurn., ZCP xvi 267. (Later, ib. p. 408 , Thurn. would read with Book of Uí Maine : enechgris i n-indaib .i. i n-ind fogla ` enechgrīs gehört zu den geringsten (Dingen), d.h. zum Geringsten von Schädigung'). for ind oirggne ... an-ro-saig bó 'co etrud for ingilt, ro-saigh in bech oc tecclamad a thoraid ( Laws iv 164.6 ) `auf das Geringste von Plünderung ...,' ib. an cúiceadh liaigh ... ni rainic acht inn mbeme é, TBC-LL¹ p. 609 n. 6 (Stowe). mas hind póice thucais dam ... ind tadaill duit hi Temraig transltd. `since hasty the kiss thou hast given me ... thou shalt have a hasty visit to Tara,' Ériu iv 102.3 .

(e) edge (of a territory, etc.), surface ? (of water, etc.) : i neich doberar a ind in uisci for ind in bera `of the thing which is taken from the surface of the water on the top of a spear,' Laws v 478.7 - 8 Comm. mod nad resed corr in tṡúil anaill do ind a gruade the surface of his cheek ? (of an eye deeply set), RC xiv 404.6 . tir linde .i. bhis i n-ind in ena [.i.] in uisci at the edge of the water, Laws i 140.16 Comm. co treib no ind ín feraind `to the ... end of the land,' iv 22.23 Comm. i n-inn iarthair inse Ghrég, O'Gr. Cat. 454.30.

(f) Of time end, extremity: o sin amach co hind a forbarta when they have done growing, O'Curry 671 (< H 3.18, p. 328b ). (in cheville) clu co hind, Rawl. 116a30 .

In prep. phrase, cu ind to: ro hindlaiced chu ind a sida (dochum, v.l.), Acall. 5719. tangadur tri meic Buidb co Cormac (cu inn righ Érenn v.l.), 2726 n. ro léicthea ... in cú chu ind Find, 6198 . lá do chur ... cuind na sé seachtmaine, O'Gr. Cat. 313.y . cuir seachtmhain ... cuind gach én nuimreach, ib. 1 .

Compds. ¤cael slender-pointed: ulcha fota indchóel (finncoel, v.l.) dégablach lais, TBC-I² 3616 , TBC(C) 2741 . na mergedha ... inncaela eirblecha, CCath. 4928. ¤ḟoda having long points: nōi mberu indfodai findcuild, MacCongl. 117.23 .

maccu, moccu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. maccu, moccu or dil.ie/31187
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: moccu, mocu, maccu, macu, maccu, maccu, macu, maccu, mocui

subst. invar. See A Guide to Ogam 119-20 , Éigse xxviii 44, 50-1 . A word belonging solely to the O.Ir. period, always used in apposition to a preceding npr. (occasionally a place-name) and folld. by another npr. in gen. case. Acc. to MacNeill, Ériu iii 42 fg . the combination moccu + gen. is equivalent to ` belonging to the gens or family of', the follg. gen. being the name of the eponymous ancestor; in Adamnán's Vita Columbae it is frequently preceded by the abl. gente and possibly its use in Irish after a npr. involves an ellipse. The latest contemporary use in AU is in the year 690, the last instance in 789 ( comotatio . . . Mochuae micu [= macu] Lugedon). Latest contemporary use is in 9th century in Mart. Óeng (see Éigse xxviii 43-44 ). The oldest form may be mocu, frequent in Adamnán; maccu is usual in L Ardm., macu and maccu in AU; generally written with contraction m̅c̅. In the Mid.Ir. period the word was often changed by writers who no longer understood its exact meaning into mac uí, mac úa (common forms in Mid.Ir. MSS., see variae lectiones in Fél.) and by mod. edd. it is often printed as two words (so nearly always in AU); Marianus Scotus translates it by filius nepotis ( Todd Lect. iii 17.17 ).

Exx. from Lat. lit.: Fintenus gente mocu Moie, Adam. VC i ch. 2 ( Thes. ii 273.4 ). presbytero . . . Ernani filio gente mocu Neth Corb, ib. Lugbeus gente Mocu m.¤ , i 28 = Thes. ii 275.14 (cf. Lugbeum Mocu Min, i 15 = Thes. ii 274.20 ). Trenanum gente Mocu Runtir, i 18 ( Thes. ii 274.30 ). senex . . . gente Mocu Firroide, iii 23 . de Erco fure Mocu Druidi, i 41 . Miliuc maccu Bōin, Ardm. 9a2 ( Thes. ii 262.11 ). filium Milcon maccu Boóin, 11a1 ( Thes. ii 264.28 ). Muirchu maccu Machtheni, 20b1 ( Thes. ii 271.34 ). hi nDruim Moccu Echach, 5b2 ( Thes. ii 260.22 ). Luguid Mocu Themne, Thes. ii 281.8 . To Channu Mocu Fircetea . . . To Cummi Mocu Cein, ib. 9 , 20 . de . . . fide Dubthaich maccu Lugir, Ardm. 20a2 ( Thes. ii 271.27 ).

From Irish lit.: Dubthach maccu Lugir, Ardm. 18a1 = Trip. 344.7 ( Thes. ii 241.6 ). Cronan macu Loeghdae (sic leg.), AU 637. Dolaissi maccu Imde (sic leg.), 638 . Colman maccu Delduibh, 653 . Comgan macu Teimhne . . . Baetan maccu Cormaicc, 663 . Daircill maccu Rētai (i.e. of Dál Rétai = D. Riada), 677 . Cronan macu Chualne, 690 . Colmán maccu Béognai, Fél. Jan. 22. féil Gobbáin . . . maccu laindrech Láne, Dec. 6. Mellan Inse húasle Maccu Cuinn (Inchiquin in Lough Corrib), Feb. 7 ; cf. June 14 , Oct. 11 and 30 . do shíl moccu Crecca, Ériu iii 138.100 . do Gubrith moccu Buén, 139.134 . Mōin mocu āin Augaini 'M. aus dem Geschlecht des edlen A.', Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 7 § 4 (macco, maccu, macu, mac ua MSS.). Háonna macui Laigsie, ACL iii 1.9 . Cluain maccu Nois: gen. Cluana maccu Nois, AU 788 , 790 , 867 ; C. macu Nois, 813 ; but Cluain mic N., 547 , 548 , C. mac N., 817 ; Cluana micu N., 584 , 693 , miccu N., 834 , mic N., 598 , 870 . For other exx. in place-names see Hog. Onom. s.v. Moccu.

In Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 17 § 2 Meyer reads: mocui Chuinn . . . machta `die Nachkommen Conns sind erschlagen' as if n p.; MSS. have m̅c̅ hui, m̅c̅ hu, m̅c̅ h.

Used absolutely of a single individual? tiucfa macu dochum domhuin . . . fer tren tuachail, ZCP viii 196 § 21.