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Aidrecdae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Aidrecdae or dil.ie/50008
Last Revised: 2019

 

adj io, iā (Lat. Adriacus) Adriatic : corrici in muir nAidrecda, LL 31341 (TTr.) . ótá toraib in mara Adrecdai anes, LL 31932 (TTr.) . Cf. Adriadecda.

airchomair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airchomair or dil.ie/1747

 

n (comair) opposite position: ota aurchomair Sechim co sruth I. from opposite S. to, LB 125b35 . ro gab (sic leg.) . . . a erchomair he went straight on, IT ii1 174.30 . docuredar ass erchomuir in tslúaig they set out in the opposite direction from the host, LL 14093 .

With various prepp. With AR (FOR): ar a.¤ a n-aigthi ahead , LL 240a7 ( TTr. 1726 ). ar urchomair a gnúsi ┐ a agthi, TBC-LL¹ 5138 . inis fil for ercomair an essu for an ccuan, Leb. Gab.(i) 26.19 . With A(S): rapatar as urchomair Chruaiche P., Fl. Earls 8.z . as urchomair chāich before (i.e. in the presence of) all, 140.20 . With FO. In local sense: fo urcomair Innsi hE., AFM v 1580.12 . forsan bfairge fo erchomair Droma cliabh, ii 1104.14 . In preparation for, readiness for: ar oiregdacht a isdud fa nurcomair in readiness for (receiving) them, Hy Maine 140.5 . gan comarba meic leis fá hurchomair to inherit it, Acall. 4914 . dia imdeghail for na celccaibh batar fó a erchomhair `to protect himself against the snares which were laid for him', AFM vi 1920.3 . fait[h]chi urfolam fo ercomhair airechtais a vacant place for an assembly, CCath. 4912 . With I N-: is cuma loisces a mbis issa ┐ huasa ┐ inna erchomair in front of it, Ériu vii 160.12 . fial . . . i n-urchomair a gnúsi a veil before her face, LB 122a27 . tuargaib a tech i n-aurchomair a imdái, LU 8373 ( FB 25 ). iarna beith a n-urchomair na hec[h]tra `after having met the adventure', Ériu iii 158 § 12 . dochuaid cach 'n-a irchomair every one went straight forwards, TBC-LL¹ 1033 . In hostile sense against, in opposition to: i n-urchomair na n-anmonn ad nocendum animabus, Aisl. Tond. 108 § 2 . co nār fuilṅgetar hi n-urchomuir a aighthe `did not dare to face him', Fianaig. 74.19 . i n-urchomair Gall do ghein / Ó C. O'C. was born to oppose the G., Aithd. D. 5.6 . go mbeith-siumh . . . i nercomhair catha doibh, AFM vi 2128.2 . `nar n-urchomhair confronting us, Dán Dé v 20 . Lugaid tra a nirchomair na cell, in dias eili for in tuáith, Irish Texts i 17 § 51 . awaiting, in readiness for: braighde . . . do bheith aca 'na urcomair to have hostages ready for him, ML 52.32 . ocht fichit bó i férgurt ghabála ina urchomair, SG 139.y . gan chomarba meic lais ina hurchomair i.e. to inherit it, 194.26 = fa hurch., Acall. 4914 . Mac Aodha . . . / cáin Fhódla 'n-a urchomhair `the rent of F. awaits A.'s son', Aithd. D. 7.38 . for, with a view to: tri haige seasga . . . a nurchomair airbearnta do dul ina tochas, no a nirchomhair feola, O'Curry 1265 ( H 3.18, p. 511 -2) `i.e. to make good defects in stock, or to be made into beef', Plummer MS. notes. tir . . . a nirchomair féoir to be reserved for hay, ib. esbadh sét i nurcomair cacha haicde na ticfa de, O'D. 1677 (H. 5.15, p. 28a) `i.e. the `seds' are to be diminished to correspond with each `aicde' which is deficient', Plummer MS. notes. a nurchomair frescisin dona buaib in hope of increase from the cows, O'D. 1952 ( Addl. 4783 7d ). trian a nurcomair a hail . . . ┐ trian a n-urcomair a sailtince `in consideration of', Laws iii 372.17 Comm. i n-erc[h]omair in meic ecalsa, BColm. 18 § 19 . Corresponding with: da se bratta fo chis chain / da sé phairt 'na n-irchomair to correspond with them, SR 176 , cf. Laws i 20.28 Comm. Contemporary with: cenḟinna uile cen ail / bai Herend na erchomair in his time, LL 911 = ina aimsir, BB 31a4 . teist ro ḟersur ré siabordai ina urchomair sé ṁbliadna déc dlegma scur, LL 14290 .

airḟuigell

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airḟuigell or dil.ie/1993

 

Forms: uraghall, oraghall, uruigheall, oruigheall, oirigheall, -(a)ill, -(a)ill, -le, oraghlaib

n [orig. o, n.] later m. (fuigell). uraghall, oraghall, uruigheall, oruigheall `cóir' (uirigheall, oirigheall `lochdach') m. (g s. -(a)ill. n p. -(a)ill, -le. d p. oraghlaib, ex. 1352 `lochdach'), IGT Decl. § 53 . Verbs § 83 .

(a) preliminary decision (oppd. to lánḟ. final d.), initiation of the legal process: trian in leithe i n-urfuigell co breth ┐ sechtmad in leithe co hurfuigell, ZCP xvi 194.4 . mad accra gach nech olchena . . . is geall da screpull déc fris do scur troisce co aurfuighell ┐ sechtmad i n-urfuigill ┐ triangille iar mbreth for cessation of fasting till preliminary hearing takes place, 6 . geall urfuighill, Laws ii 96.3 Comm. tacra im a reir .i. . . . o tiucfait a reir a urfuigill gu tisat a reir a lan-fuigill, v 252.16 Comm. is ed i[s] fuigell and, breth in bretheman etirdeiligeas doib .i. da geall don breithemhan, in tan tecar ina urḟuigheall um tiachtain a lanḟuigheall, Cóic Con. 60 § 143 . airuigeall .i. geall aire, sechtmad mad becc, O'Curry 1979 (H. 4.22, 18). mása dligedh nurfuigill ro cuirset cusin mbreithemain, O'D. 1651 (H. 5.15, 21a). a forba anta i nurfuigell ┐ in lan fuigill re re dithma, Laws iii 324.22 Comm. co techt nurfuighill . . . iar mbreithemnus, i 276.11 Comm. gidh fáth eagla an t-urfhuigheall, Dán Dé xv 3 .

(b) proposal, suggestion of terms for agreement, decision: racham . . . lesin uirighell sin ┐ indeósam dó é, BCC 116.22 . sul doronsat a n-uraghall, Acall. 2798 v.l. 's níorbh' í an chomhairle chumhang / do rónsad mun uradhall, Content. ii 47 . is síad sin comhairle Caid / na horuighle (horḟuighle v.l.) adir Diarmaid, IGT Decl. ex. 1353 . do-chúaidh a ccomhuirle dhíbh / oruighle sídh ḟúair gá ḟéin, 1367 . da cluined in t-iarla in t-uirigill-sin, ZCP vi 27.11 . do s[h]loind a aithesg ┐ a uirighell, ML² 789 . iar ttairccsin a aithiscc ┐ a orfhuighill, Hugh Roe 122.z (fo. 33a ). tús aithiscc ┐ uradhaill d'fior a ionaid dia eis (a perquisite of Maedóc of Ferns), BNnÉ 248 § 200 (urighill, urghill, v.l.). dobeir grasa a n-gnim ┐ a n-urḟuighill dó anagaid a namat, Maund. 139 . tāinic Cairell do Cianōig d'innisin a uirigill ō Bictar aingel tar ēis a treidenais to tell of the angel Victor's proposal, ZCP vii 308.5 . ag aithfriotal uirghill an Diabhail re Críost (of the temptation), Eochairsg. 58.37 . Attrib. g s. óm fhior uraghaill `from my advocate', Aithd. D. 59.24 .

(c) In more general sense address, speech, utterance: ?sōermacāmh na nDomhnannach . . . a fīreinech re filedaibh a n-uirghillaibh re hairdrīghaib, ZCP xiii 166.4 . is and dobered Ota ben Turges a huricli (frecartha v.l.) ar altoir Cluana mic Nois `used to give her audience', Cog. 12.14 . ?rún a n-orḟuighle, TD 9.23 . gi bé rabh . . . i n-aincheas bhar n-urfhoghaill `in doubt of thy speech', Studies 1921, 74 § 7 . dorinde N. auragull fri hE. `N. addressed H.', Stair Erc. 1841 . suidh th'aigneadh im uradhall `do thou heed my words', Dán Dé xi 2 . tús is earr an uraghuill i.e. the content of the poem, DDána 121.31 . acfuinn uraghaill the power of speech, TSh. 4195 . Extended meaning: gaoth as ghairbhe urughall, PBocht 25.8 .

As quasi-vn.: táinicc . . . d'urḟuigeall Ch. re hI. to discuss C. with I., Acall. 1623 . ro budh córa fileadha da n-uradhall it were more proper for poets to address them, ML 104.19 .

Aissia

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Aissia or dil.ie/2514
Last Revised: 2019

 

nloc Asia: a críchaibh áilli Aissia, Ériu iv 112.2 . in Assia Bec Asia Minor, LL 16276 . ind Assia bec, TTr.² 1046 . lucht na Hassia Bicce, ITS xxxiv 166 § 102 . Albanus .i. ótá ind Albain airtherach isind Assia móir Albanus, i.e. from whom is named eastern Albania in Asia Major, Sex Aet. 75 § 25 .

amus

Cite this: eDIL s.v. amus or dil.ie/3234

 

Forms: amhus, amsa

n o, m. amhus m. (g s. and n p. -uis), IGT Decl. § 17 . a p. amsa, AFM iii 290.20 .

Hireling, servant, attendant: amos .i. am-ḟos īarsinnī nāt gaib fos, sed de loco ad locum .i. ō luc .i. ō t[h]igerna dialailiu, Corm. Y 12 . na n-a.¤ gl. satilitum, Goid. 69.5 . amuis ríg a king's attendants, Críth G. 577 . cía lín di amsaib as choir do ríg?, 582 . a dhair ┐ a dhicinn ┐ a amhais, O'Curry 2500 ( Eg. 88, 40(41)d ). aicde amhus .i. ni hinaitire ┐ ni hinraith, 509 (H 3.18, 258). in t-a.¤ dona fes mathair nó athair, Ériu xii 144.4 (TE2). amhus no rechtaire, BCrólige 22 gl. 5 . a riocht amhois dorīacht Tadhg, ZCP viii 223 § 15 . asbert Feradach ní thibred a ingen do a.¤ , LL 287b2 . otá a.¤ co roich ríg, 204a35 . in tech mór milib a.¤ , 3549 . ? grengsait Laigniu laichaib d'amsaib / assa tírib, 4965 . a trí (sc. dath) i n-éadach an amhais, Keat. ii 1918 . cruadh-dháil na n-amhus crudelitas ministrantium, TSh. 6385 . aon amhus do rachadh im íolchruthaibh (of a poet), Hackett xx 10 . As abusive epithet: a amais anuasail ┐ a muidh modurdha `hireling', ZCP vi 282.10 . amhus `a reprobate' (of an unscrupulous administrator), O'Rah. xvii § 26 . a.¤ aen-tigi indoor or resident servant, Laws v 72.25 Comm. a.¤ ruin no raid no imacallma confidential servant, 24 Comm. , 74.13 Comm. See also under airéirge, 1 ben compds., coímthecht, coinnmed, 1 fer compds., mías, ríg-, 1 taithigid.

In special sense of hired soldier, mercenary: a Goill 's a amais imdha, ZCP viii 226 § 18 . amais ana imglici co laignib, Alex. 3 . imut Fiann imut amhus, ZCP xi 44 § 61 . iter . . . amsu ┐ anrada, CCath. 4531 . rucsat . . . amhsa righ Muman fair, AFM ii 946.13 . bró amhus, IGT Decl. ex. 598 .

Possibly collect. in following: a.¤ urrud . . . a.¤ deorad native hirelings, hirelings from outside the territory , Laws v 74.1 Comm. torchratar a n-a.¤ imdegla `household guard', Fianaig. 92.28 . thusa ┐ do mhuinntir: sgol amhas, ucairí, ghresuidhthe, etc., Luc. Fid. 5031 .

? as-maid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? as-maid or dil.ie/4455

 

v otá Síd Nechtain asmaig (asmaid v.l.) / co roṡaig pardus Adaim from S.N. it breaks forth till it reaches . . . (of a stream) (out of which it breaks forth?), Metr. Dinds. iii 26.7 . asmaith do menpaid na n-en / in gaeth ger 's a[n]t oichred fuar `on the little company of the birds has broken forth keen wind and ice', RC xi 130.41 .

1 bonn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bonn or dil.ie/6385

 

n o, m. b.¤ m., IGT Decl. § 67.

(a) sole of the foot; foot: b.¤ quasi fond, a nomine fundamentum, Corm. Y 170. ina bond traiged, TBC-LL¹ 2187. co tarla a di bond bána fair so that his two white soles were turned upward (in death), LU 1497 (MU). da bond, 1500 . a mbuind banai forra iarn[a] trascrad, RC xii 90 § 109. glassad ar bonnaib (of damned in hell), LU 2428 ( RC iv 252 § 20 ). buind cholbtha remra leó, BDD² 936 ` ankles (?),' BDD 95. cona assaib . . . ima bunnu, MacCongl. 89.7 . Muire do chumail a céibh / dá bhonnaibh uile, Dán Dé v 27 . o bh.¤ na troighthe = from the sole of the foot, Isaiah i 6. nír cuir do ait a b.¤ é `did not move him from his foothold', Stair Erc. 189. ná ro fágaibh aid (leg. áit) a mb.¤ dá mbiodhbhadhaibh `who had not fled from their enemies', AFM v 1646.26 . do-ber bond ri Banba ṁbind `who sets foot on B.'s soil', Ériu vii 224.6 . inis Magdena . . . cach oen nofuirmed a bond fuirre ni aprad gae, Dinds. 100. mé do lá bir 'na bonnaib `into His feet', Ériu iv 114.21 . gabhla gan greim da a (leg. da) mbonaibh (= bonnaibh, Ed.) `(his) descendants are without a patch of ground to stand on', Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 30 § 8 . leithed do bhuinn do ghabhail dhuit do chrich n-Uladh, TBC-LL¹ p. 869 n.4 . go dtógbhaid ar a bhonnaibh é set it (viz. an upturned tortoise) on its legs again, TSh. 3907. céim a b.¤ , DDána 49.11 . is mithid damhsa bann (b. v.l.) do bhaile `tis time . . . for me to foot it homewards', Ó Bruad. ii 240.5 . Note also: guidmid buind a chos (mistransl. of adoremus scabellum pedum ejus, Psalms xcviii 5 ), Smaointe B. Chr. 5428 (see p. 307). ní ghríosfuinn aghaidh mbuinn mbáin, IGT Introd. 20 § 81.

Extended applications: hoof of horse: buinn na n-each, Keat. iii 1024. do[n] nesgoit boind . . . geir mairt . . . do chur 'na bond, Celtica ii 38 § 18 . sole (of shoe): bróg . . . / nar bhean tall a bél fa a b.¤ `whose upper was detached from its sole', Bard. Synt. Tr. 2.z . bunnaighe lethair = `leather soles', RSClára 114a . i mbonnaib bur nguailled (?) `in the bases of your shoulders', CCath. 5039. do sgar méidhe is bas re b.¤ ` trunk ' (Gloss.), Measgra D. 14.9 . Of trees, hills, etc.: ó bhonnaibh craobh n-uar n-iobhair, DDána 99.18 . i mbonnaibh beann / 's i gclochaibh aolta Éireann, 100.12 . ? fan mb.¤ ccaluidh, Bard. Synt. Tr. 1.6 .

In phrases: co torchratár bond fri bond ┐ méde fri méde, LU 6510 (TBC). ? co farggaib bond fri méide díb, LL 32302 ( TTr. 1490 ). co mbenadh bond fri medi ┐ medi fri aroile acu (of slaughter), Aen. 2230. an b.¤ ar an mb.¤ oile `one foot trips over the other', PBocht 16.29 . ro thuitseatar b.¤ ar bh.¤ , Duan. F. ii xxxix 62 . do bhí a bhiodhbha b.¤ ar bh.¤ , DDána 86.20 . lurech dé dum imdegail / ota m'ind gom bond (: brond), RC ii 113.4 . ó mullach a chinn conice a bonnaigib (form ?) (= corpus totum), Lat. Lives 84 § 78. o cennaib co bondaib `from head to foot', Cog. 152.11 . om chind codam bond, LL 370e48 = com' dá bonna, Arch. Hib. iv 207 § 18. o mullach co bond `his every joint and limb', Grail 2349 . ó bh.¤ go bathais, Parrth. Anma 1431. marcaigecht a ndiaid a b.¤ (of a corpse) `rides feet foremost', Ir. Review 1912, 250 § 12 . ? betit buind ri harissu, LL 9827 (TBC) = biait fuind fri airise, TBC-I¹ 2057.

Compds. With nouns: .x. mbenda bonn-adharc buabaill blaith `of trumpets' (Gloss.), Ériu ii 4.3 . bondbaine whiteness of foot, Prolegomena 43 § 26 . bonnc[h]osa bana (of fallen warriors), CCath. 6100.

With adjj.: don bondbáin (applied to B.V.M.), ZCP viii 563 § 19. do shluag bhoinnghel tolcha in trír ` white-footed ', O'Gr. Cat. 470.20. ar shluagh bhonnghlan chaomh Ó gC., DDána 95.21 . troigh bhoinnleasg as comhdha cean, 68.42 . ursa sluaigh bhoinnleasgaigh Bhreagh, 75.12 . lanbhile buinnlethan broad-trunked , Ériu v 182.18 . a bhuinnsheing aird fhorbhfáilidh, DDána 80.16 . brosgur bunn-luat[h] (bondluath, v.l.) . . . do tabairt gus na doirrsib `a quick-stepping . . . dash', Celt. Rev. iv 12.2 . With adj. derived from noun: le taoibh gach bhile bhuinnchleachtaigh ` crooked-trunked ' (see 2 clechtach), Aithd. D. 4.10 .

1 bricht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bricht or dil.ie/6810
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: brechta

n [u], m. Cf. brigaid. Not always dist. from brecht (partic. in metrical applications). bricht (drúadh) m. g s., n p. brechta, IGT Decl. § 71. incantation, charm, magic spell: in b.¤ gl. carmen, Ml. 76a21 . b.¤ .i. epaid, Auraic. 4540. briocht .i. dráoidheacht, O'Cl. dichan brichtu din forsan crand sin, Corm. 32. b.¤ ┐ bacc is bachall, 6 . tria brichtu ┐ dicetla ┐ cantana, Dinds. 18. fithnaise F. ┐ brechtai B., LU 10776 (TE). docechain brictu furri, Dinds. 113. focheirt bricht fair 'casts a spell upon it', RC xxvi 12 § 8 . tria derbairde brechta do denum doib, Aen. 1494. Of weapons, etc.: iar cor dó brechta hi fáebur in bélae, LU p. 272 note a. ic cor breachta neme inti (sc. a stone for use as missile ), RC xliii 84.3 . dina brechtaib cumachtaibh sain na n-arm, ZCP xxx 127.3 . Various: ba b.¤ bladmass (of a victorious expedition), Bruchst. i 6 § 3 , IT iii 40 § 36. (of fascinating beauty) briocht sorche, ZCP xiv 218.12 .

With qual. gen.: fri brichtu ban, Thes. ii 357.8 (Patrick's Hy.). dim láim rígdai brechtaib (brectu, v.l.) ban mberar, Echtrae Chonnlai 122 § 6 . focheird b. comga a protective spell, 6404 . breachta diablaidhechta, Fl. Earls 132.26 . a recht conscéra brichta drúad, LU 10035. brechta druidechta, 4028 ( SCC 48 ). b.¤ drúadh aga dídean (a country), IGT Decl. ex. 1542. toingidsum luigi fo b.¤ nimide (leg. nimi de ?), O'Curry 735 (H. 3.18, 352). b.¤ serce a n-urlabra an ḟir, Prolegomena 45 § 26 . sianargan (see Gloss.) in brechta sídhe, Acall. 3482. baindia an bhreachta shíothchána (of Cupid), DDána 78.9 . b.¤ suain, RC xxiii 420 § 36. a gnúis bhláith go mbriocht toile `with love-charm', Studies 1921 , 589 § 9 .

Metr. octosyllable, (a group of) eight syllables as a metrical unit (see Murphy Metrics 27 , IT iii 130 ; Lochlann ii 51 ; EIS 208 ): b.¤ .i. bri ocht .i. ocht mbriathra and, no b.¤ iarsinni brigtair ocht sillaba and, Auraic. 1427 - 8 . ótá dialt cotrici brict, IT iii 20 § 59. brict . . .: tech duind damaig, dun coṅgaile, etc., 22 § 66 ( Murphy Metrics, 60 § 43 ). b.¤ int ochtmad deach. forinní brígther. ar is de dogníther nath, Corm. 17. brechta remitiagat felessa ann dogres the lines of eight syllables precede the lines of four syllables in it (sc. dechnad brechtḟelesach) always, IT iii 40 § 37. (name of metre) b.¤ nathrach Nede, 103 § 193 . nath dēbrechta—nath sēbrechta n. with two lines—n. with six lines (Meyer), Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 24 § 1 - 25 § 4 , IT iii 39 § 31.

Compds. With nouns. suan re bás brichtbodba (sic leg.), MR 170.8 . brichtscribhenna briste catha `spell-writings that win battles', CCath. 5329. With adj. earlamh . . . briochtghlan, bennuighthe ` radiant ', BNnÉ 155 § 1 . With adjj. derived from nouns. claideb . . . breachtfaebrach a éo, IT iii 199 § 59. (in name of metre) dechnaid mbrechtfelessach with lines of eight and four syllables, 40 § 47 . 6 § 5 . With part. co minnaib . . . bricht-rinnta . . . ar foradh gacha flatha `diadems adorned with magic scrolls', Celt. Rev. ii 208.22 .

comdídnad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comdídnad or dil.ie/11018

 

u, m. vn. of comdídnaid. Also -íthnad (see GOI 81 ) act of comforting, comfort: act of helping, rescuing : dessimrecht comdíthnatha gl. consolari eos, Wb. 14b11 . dilgud et c.¤ , d1 . ní bíth chomdidnad damsa indib, Ml. 62b6 . 87d1 . 4 . ishe se incomdíthnad, Sg. 90a7 . c.¤ (comdignaibh, MS.) (.i. comsasad) iarsna saethraib, Trip.² 219 . no bidh angel Dé ica comdídhnadh, RC xxvii 302 § 76 . dolluid int angel . . . do chomdiugnad P., Anecd. iii 37.16 . comdīdnad (comdignad MS.) torsi `a comfort of grief', BColm. 96.9 . in spirut otá cech cómdignad ┐ cech comairli don eclais, IT i 169.14 (FA Eg.). tuc cobair, tuc comdidnad, CF 89.11 . ac comdingnad a cheli, TTebe 1848 . ro guidhset . . . ima coimdingnad o nert in diabail, Grail 4204 . a c.¤ ┐ a fortacht, PH 4286 .

1 cúanach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cúanach or dil.ie/13339

 

adj o, ā (1 cúan)

(a) full of packs (of wolves, etc.): Slīabh Cūa cūanach corrachdub `wo Wolfsrudel hausen', Bruchst. 153 ( IT iii 87 § 99 ). Fergal foltgarb, cūanaig Bregmaige, ZCP xii 238 § 64 (for B. cūanaig ?). ? mag cuanach Muigi Ratha, MR 174.8 . ōtá Cnāmchoill cūanuigh, ZCP x 344 § 16 (2 c. ?). fan gcuireadh gcuanach `thronged gathering' (of animals), TD 16.34 .

(b) in bands, troops; having or attended by troops : dubh druth chongbhalach, cuanach, Ériu xiii 14.28 . cersat cuanach nir' choi crech ` troopful ', Fél. xxiv § 1 . Cairpre c.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iv 212.17 . ? Cheltchair chuanaig cauir chéilig, LL 2118 .

descad, descaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. descad, descaid or dil.ie/15747

 

Forms: desca, descad, descud, deascaidh, descaid, desgadha, deasguidh, descaid, desca, deasga, descthu, deasga, descad, deasgadh, deasguibh, deasgaidh

n gender and decl. doubtful. The form desca which occurs in nom. is probably pl., or at least originally pl. (< descthu). n s. descad, Wb. 9b13 , Ml. 94c16 , Sg. 24b4 . ? descud, Corm. Y 471 . deascaidh, O'Cl. a s. descaid, PH 5076 . O'Mulc. 42 . Corm. Y 468 . g s. desgadha, C IV 2, 42rb17 (cf. O'Gr. Cat. 180.8 ). d s. deasguidh, 23 K 42, 276 . n p. descaid, Corm. Y 468 . 23 O 23, 39a15 . desca, ZCP x 53 (cf. ix 172.z ). deasga, Dán Dé xvii 14 , A. Ó Dálaigh xl 1 . a p. descthu, Ml. 139b4 , Laws ii 242 , Cáin Ad. 18 (desctdu). deasga, Content. x 9 . g p. descad, CRR § 8 . deasgadh, RC xiv 26 § 1 . IGT Decl. ex. 390 . d p. deasguibh, BNnÉ 27.37 . deasgaidh (desca, v.l.), IGT Decl. § 180 (in list of nouns declined in pl. only).

(a) dregs, lees, sediment: deascaidh .i. deireadh, O'Cl. gl. faex, Ml. 94c16 . Sg. 24b4 . co descthu ad faeces, Ml. 139b4 . amail in descaid bīs fo olae faex olei , O'Mulc. 42 . ind laith ebur co ndesctdu (leg. co descthu?), Cáin Ad. 18 . fín gan deóir ndesgadh na diaigh, IGT Decl. ex. 391 . tartarum .i. deasgaidh an fín . . . is tarbach iad i n-aigid na n-eslainte fuar doniter ona lennaib reamra, 23 O 23, 39a15 . do deasgaib in ḟīna, 39a8 . iarna scagad ┐ iarna deliugad re descuid, 24 B 3, 79 . ō deasguidh fola derga (ex faece sanguinis), 23 K 42, 276 . desga fína, 3 C 19, 26 ra3 . maille re desguibh sen-ola, 27ra17 . pudur desgadha fina, C IV 2, 42rb17 , cf. O'Gr. Cat. 180 (deasgaid). Fig. ō so amach deasga an domhain, | a sgath feasda fuarobhair, Dán Dé xvii 14 . tréig feasda an saoghal sonna | baoghal deasga a dhíoghluma, A. Ó Dálaigh xl 1 . deasga do dhighe, a dhomhnáin, DDána 53.27 . the lowest, vilest: na gairbh do cepadh re desgaib gach daoirchéirde, O'Gr. Cat. 551 = Ó Bruad. iii 14 . the utmost, very depths: tusa . . . ag triall ar iocht éineathair . . . do dheasgaibh olc na hÉireann that thou art going . . . is one of Ireland's deepest ills, Studies 1921 76.23 . ná loc deasga do dhíchill do your worst, Content. x 9 . ? ná freasdail do thoil a thruaigh | smuain a bhfoil dá dheasgaidh dhaoibh, Dán Dé xxiii 33 . Cf. mod. Ir. de dheasgaibh on account of .

(b) ferment, leaven, barm, yeast: d.¤ fo bairgin gl. fermentum, Wb. 9b13 . focul for braich lis, riasiu do-cae for descthu before it has fermented, ZCP xiv 348.13 . ri rolad for descdu . . . choirm, Rawl. B 512, 33c8 ( Irish Texts i 10.3 ). for descthu, 7 § 23 . cona ro ermaisetar . . . descaid do chumasc ar in mein, PH 5076 . caega dabhach robháttar forna deasguibh i ttigh na fleidhe, BNnÉ 27 . miach bracha re frithealamh ndeasgadh, RC xiv 26 . Fig. in fer grāid ibes an digh | don linn mesca cidh maith leis (sic) | is iad sin desca in dīmais, ZCP x 53 . mairg fer risnach ceisd | an deoch ibhess don linn mheisg | in deoch sin ge milis leis | is hí desgaidh an dīmais, ix 172 . cach lind somesctha is descaid dermait Dé ferment of neglect of God, Alex. 869 . Anecd. v 3 . otā do nádúir aige [sc. in t-olc-sa i.e. drúis] a dhescaid (sic leg. ? desc, MS.) do thecht dona dáinib nā dénann hē, PH 7448 . Transf. fermented liquor (?): ba gléire d.¤ ┐ ba aíbbgetus a hóla, CRR § 8 .

(c) sign, symptom: descaid trebaire tuae, descaid ētrebaire rolabra, Anecd. iii 15 . descaid serce sīrsilliud, ib. and TE 6 LU (= airdhenu sercci, Eg.), IT i 121 .

díthrub

Cite this: eDIL s.v. díthrub or dil.ie/16909

 

Forms: díthrab, díthreb, díthram, díthrab, díthruib, dithraibh, dithruib, dithruba, díthruib, ndithruib, dithrebe, dithreba, dit[h]reib, díthramh

n (dí + treb, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 347 ). Later also díthrab, díthreb, díthram. díthrab, Ml. 98d4 (dithrub, Thes., see GOI p. 100 ). Orig. o, m.? g s. díthruib, SR 4069 , 4740 , 5074 , 6350 , 7576 . dithraibh, AU 756 . n p. dithruib, Triads 43 .

But early declined also as

(a) u, m. g s. in dithruba , SR 6292 , 6344 , and

(b) ā, f. a d s. díthruib, SR 6340 , 6402 , 6336 (díthraib). i ndithruib na hAfraice, LU 44 . ota dithruib, LB 125a37 ( isin díthreb, 122a43 . isin dithrub, 128b36 . asin díthrub, 129b1 ). g s. na dithrebe , 122a53 . na díthrebi, 129a45 .

In PH decl. always as masc.: g s. dithreba, PH 873 , 876 . isin dithrub passim, except 2099 : dul isin dithreb. Decl. as m. and f. up to early mod. period. Note g s. an dit[h]reib , Fl. Earls 236 . díthramh m., IGT Decl. § 28 .

Uninhabited or solitary place, wilderness, retreat: dithreb .i. beith cen treib n-ann nó cen trebadh, Corm. Y 432 . dithreabh .i. beith gan treibh no gan teagh .i. fásach, O'Cl. diothramh, fasach, fiodhbhuidh, Eg. Gl. 214 . díthrub (díthrab, MS.) són (ref. to in deserto), Ml. 98d4 . i ndiththrub in beotho, Wb. 11a19 . nim dil ced dithrub Temair (.i. . . . cid fās), Hy. ii 46 . Sen Phól . . . asa dithrub dubach `whose hermitage is gloomy', Fél. Prol. 98 . Druim Criaich . . . cen cop dithrub ni dímbuan, LL 151a1 . ri dosfuc tria d.¤ trén | is trisi[n]d sruth n-Eordanen, SR 5197 . diarn-écaib isin d.¤ , 4056 . is díthraib i mbaí D., 6336 . i ndiamraib dorchaib dithruib, 7576 . aittrebthaid in dithrubá, 6292 . in t-íí rotbiath sib isin d.¤ .i. maind, PH 2825 . lossa serua in díthreba, 873 . i ndithrub slébe (= in montanis convallibus), Lat. Lives 20 . a slēib no a ndithrub, Laws v 322.21 Comm. ac tuidecht tarsin ditrib, i 20.28 Comm. a ndithreib caille in a desert wood, RC v 201 . dercain a díthruib, xiii 46 . docuaidh Fursa ┐ Ultan asin mainistir ┐ dochuatar i ndit[h]reibh, xxv 398 . carais Cainneach . . . bheith i nditreibh crúaidh chrandaigh, ZCP i 64 . bothán derruid dit[h]raba, Ériu i 39 . isin díthrob, iv 100 . isin dithrum sin, Aen. 863 . coill dithrib, Acall. 4022 . i ndiamraib na dithrebi, YBL 66b1 . di srothaib na senditribi, BB 243a26 . ualach diothraimh na fairge the burden of the desert of the sea, Isaiah xxi 1 . In prov. expression: ba dál ri d.¤ ndemin it was a hopeless effort (?), LL 151b21 . trédi indarbus démnu in étraid . . . .i. lubair, díthreb, áine solitude, a hermit's life, PH 8391 . trí dithruib hÉrenn: Fid Mór . . . etc., Triads 43 . i ndithrubaib Ainge (= in deserto Engaddi), SR 6272 . i ndíthrubaib Connacht, LL 20b25 . a ndithreua srotha Iordanén nobíd a oenur, PH 871 . dochōid i ndīthrobaib i mBoirind Connacht, Ériu i 44 . cluinit cúana a dithrebaib, vii 4 . inn-uiliph diamraibh ┐ ditrebaidh na Tesaili, CCath. 5635 . i ndithrumaib, Aen. 1665 . tre lár (chlár, v.l.) díthramh ndoireadh, IGT Decl. ex. 874 .

éccertach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. éccertach or dil.ie/19401

 

o-ā unjust ; as npr. : Egcertach mac Anchertaigh, Anecd. ii 49 . Ecertach ota I. mc Eicertaich, Rawl. 153a14 . dá mhac Ecceartaigh, AFM ii 814.6 . In surname : Maol Dúin Ua hEiccertaigh, 856.14 .

2 ecnach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 ecnach or dil.ie/19609

 

adj o-ā (2 ecna(e)? quantity of initial uncertain) clear, visible: is ecnach .i. is follus, H 3.18. p. 532 . H 4.22, 616 . ecna .i. follus ut est ┐ ni naisgther side fuirre co[r] ecnach a mialtar .i. gurub follus `this is not fastened upon her until her misfosterage is manifest' O'Dav. 785 . hi tig as fa forréil soillsi...┐ imbi ecnach do maig, RC xxii 392. 2 ( BDD 16 Eg.). ecnach nem ┐ grian fo gabal sky and sun were visible between his legs Ériu iv 138.26 . comtar ecnáig a thruim ┐ a glainene his liver and...were visible RC xiv 404.3 ( LL 108a ). TBC-I¹ 1943 . ba hécnach doip otā sin clogais ┐ ballaidhi na Romha they could see the belfries and walls Fl. Earls 168.1 . is follus ┐ is ecnach dona huile dhaoinibh pictuir ┐ fidhair ghnuissi an Tigerna, 214 y . mairidh aniu...go hécnach dona huilibh, 200.14 .

eibil

Cite this: eDIL s.v. eibil or dil.ie/19709

 

n (ON hefill ZCP vii 508 . Bidrag ) rope for hoisting a sail, clew-lines: do ghabhadar...lámha um na leabharlíontaibh ...otá eibhil go hachtuaim from clew-lines to braces ML 46.25 .

éicen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. éicen or dil.ie/19711
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: égean, éigean, éicin, écen, éigean, lucht éigne

n ā, f.; later also o, m. égean fem. IGT, Decl. § 54 . éigean masc. § 53 . TSh.

(1) In the earliest recorded exx. the meaning is usually necessity, compulsion; cf. ēcin .i. cin ēca. no ēc cána. i. ēc riagla `ecin' i.e. `crime of death' or it is `death of law,' that is `death of rule' Corm. Y 547 : hi cumcai no innecin (gl. in angaria) Tur. 134 . ni écen dob imchomartt ach[t] is dúdract lib, Wb. 3b21 . conabad éicen doberad ní domsa huaitsu act combad tol (gl. ne velut ex necessitate bonum tuum esset, sed voluntarium) 32a12 . soit a n-écin i toltanche convert their necessity into freewill FA 23 . ma egin fo ruair gan a denumh, Laws ii 292.23 Comm. ni heiccen beires ó thoigh | acht do thuillemh tuarastoil ZCP viii 116 § 10 . dena idpairt dona deeib...┐ logfaid do Dia fen duit, uair nosfitir conid écen doberar fort, PH 729 . do ghuidh é fa lamh leis chum síobhail rómhóir do bhí 'na éigean air do dhéanamh a very long journey which he had to make ZCP ii 558.23 . Freq. in the sense of adj compulsory, needful, necessary ; ( éigean .i. dligheadh, O'Cl. refers to Metr. Dinds. ii 2.18 , see Hermathena xiv 468 ). egin .i. dhigthech, ut est is egin mór do thuirimh isin trefocul focra, O'Dav. 806 .

(a) abs.: is hécen ainmne occo patience is needful in it Wb. 4a26 . is hecen sainecoscc leosom for accrannaib innaní prechite pacem they deem it necessary to have a special appearance... 5a5 . ní ecen a thodiusgud asreracht cene, 4d27 ; 26 . 16d7 . Ml. 127d8 . na bad écen for cúrsagad in fechtsa it should not be needful to reprove you Wb. 14d1 . arnap éicen a ngóire i n-æclis, 29a10 . mat anmann adiechta emnatar and is écen comacomol hisuidib, Sg. 189b4 . nípa hécen tene bratha dia nglanad, Mon. Tall. § 6 . § 37 . ni heigen ime riu, Laws iv 162 n. 1 . Asia... tír innach éicen fúr fled, LL 135a45 . ba hecen fer cechtar a da slabradside either of those chains required a man (to hold it) Rawl. 131b26 . as écen do thabairt foraib (gl. indignatio severitatis motus est peccatoribus necessarius) Ml. 49b6 . h[u]are as n-ecen condib oinson tintá in son n-ebraide cosnaib ilchiallaib techtas, Ml. 37a10 . atait tri neithe is ecean cum na coimriachtana, Ériu ix 63.28 . is ecen co n-icthar cech ní, PH 7538 . mac bec doringni in gním sain...nocorb éicen...ingantus de, cia nothísed..., TBC-LL¹ 949 . Cog. 62.24 . ota imad na n-inad anna n-eirginn si...as egin co fuil an talam comcruinn it must be that the earth is round Ir. Astr. Tr. 32 w . ní fhuil ainm oile...ionarb éigean sinne do shlánughadh `non est aliud nomen...in quo oportet nos salvos fieri' TSh. 2088 .

In this use often written éicin (éigin), but the form intended is usually doubtful; the follg. metrical exx. may be noted: in cédḟer ór slondadh sind | ollamh darb écean uirrim, IGT, Decl. ex. 658 . budh éigin trá a thocht asteagh | lá éigin ar ghort nGaoidheal, TD 1.9 . bas dar éigin umhla, 33.15 (but see varr.). an chríoch ḟionnsa ón héigin troigh | a ciomhsa d'ḟéigin d'ardaibh, 41.18 . In mainbad éicin (gl. subjecta est non volens) Wb. 4a20 , the word is acc. after mainbad, cf. Ml. 111b28 , etc.

(b) with dat. pron. or do of pers.: issum ecen precept I must needs preach Wb. 10d24 . níb écen log ye need not pay ( Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 143 ) 16c17 . 22d12 . isim écensa techt I have to go TBC-I¹ 221 (LU). ZCP x 293.14 . Ériu v 209.40 . atabairecen techt ye must go FB 7 . is ecen dam (gl. compellor) Ml. 21b9 . is hecen doib ingremmen do foditiu, Wb. 30c23 . in tan na fádbait a mbiad díles, is écen dia n-anmannaib bás d'fhaghbail, PH 7476 . dó ba hecen (: tēitgel) biathad Echach, LL 183b26 = Arch. Hib. ii 70 . comba hecin di usce...da tharraing, RC xxiv 190.7 . in bocht dana hégen dul fó breith, PH 7520 . ba heiccen doip gan a snámh do dhermat, Fl. Earls 76.12 . is éigean dó cúntas...do thabhairt, TSh. 793 . Attrib. gen.: áine écni, in tan na fagaib nech ni romelad, PH 8366 .

In concrete sense: treb Leui...batir-side soer ó cech écin acht frestal eclaisi Dé exempt from all obligations LB 124a31 .

(2) In a slightly different shade of meaning, force (i.e. exercised by persons upon others); violence; tyranny: écen (gl. violentia) Sg. 51a1 . cisi ecin det-birt as in tir? nim tucc acht ...m'anuabhar fesin, RC xii 72 x . tre ēicin sāruighthe, Laws ii 376.6 Comm. uli eccen ┐ écomland in popuil Rómanaig for in popul Iudaide , LB 154a24 . Freq. in attrib. gen.: forcomul n-ecne `violent seizure' (occupation by force) Laws ii 376.1 . iv 270 z . lanamnas eicne (.i. donither ar eicin), ii 404.14 . connmedh égne forcible billeting RC xviii 194.24 . ni da deoin dochuaid-sium and, acht tre aslach eicni, TTebe 1501 . masa targud eicne tucastur orru do denam in marbtha...ma targud aisi if he led them out by force...if with their consent Laws iii 114.19 C. sí le héigean go n-aghar | ní héidear í d'átaghadh, TD 17.3 . dá mbhentá a chuid tré éigion do dhuine shouldst thou take his goods forcibly Mac Aingil 266 . éigean `violentia' TSh. 7783 . lucht éigne `violenti' 10812 .

In concrete sense, an act of violence, an outrage: is mō .. in écen iná 'n goit, PH 7559 . o fhir na hécni the perpetrator of the outrage 7561 . fer éicne, 7600 . ag agra goidi...ocus saraighthi ocus egni, Laws v 42.19 Comm. cia dobeir inn eicin ┐ inn imluadsa orumsa ?, TTebe 372 . ba hiat eicne doghnítis an loingius-sin...port gacha luingi do loscud ┐ crechad gacha tuaithi..., Lism. L. 2945 . co nderna éccne iomdha i ttuathaib ┐ chellaibh `acts of violence' AFM ii 1150.17 . Cf. éicni fastuda, TBC-LL¹ 5837 . menimthistais écne éc, Ériu v 210.2 . a gcumus...ar éigean ┐ ar mharbhadh daoine, TSh. 1723 . ar an éigin do-rinne Críost ag buain anma an duine dhe, 10515 . cia do lemadh an eigean sin ar a athair CF 310 .

Of a disaster, calamity: roshocht Adraist ar an ecein sin (i.e. the earth swallowing Amphiaraus) TTebe 2972 na heicnea-sea do lecun ar na Tiabandaib, 1616 .

Violation, rape: ecen mire `violating a madwoman' Laws i 176.2 . cu n-aithreosad a heicin muna dernad a toil, ZCP xiii 183.11 . ar bithin eiccni tuc Tir ar a derbshiair .i. Pilomena, TTebe 1862 . adubairt eiccen do thobairt fuirri, 1690 . dá ttugthá éigion mná, Mac Aingil 266 . Here probably belongs: ro órdaig Brigit banfili ...gol ┐ caine marb ┐ eigem fri hecin screaming when violence is offered Dinds. 159 = LL 170bz .

Cf. rucad laeg mo bo a purt éicne uaimse from a place whence it could only be taken by force (?) LL 171a35 = CRR § 3 .

(3) In phr. ar éicin (éicen) by or under compulsion or force: ar écin (gl. coactum) Ml. 18b7 . (gl. invitus) 42a15 . ar ecein, 68b3 . ar ecin nos bered (Simon, qui crucem in angaria portabat) Tur. 134 . ciatasode lat ar écin though thou keep her with thee perforce Wb. 10a10 . fochidi ar écin ...fochidi o thuil compulsory tribulations...voluntary tribulations 15d33 . ceni thaisid ar ois daregaid ar ecin, Ml. 33b15 . mina this ar ais rega ar eigin, YBL 121b11 . LB 228a46 . tabuir ass hi ar áis no ar écin, IT i 130.4 . ar éiccin no ar áis, Ériu iv 228.5 . co tuc Ogeth huad tria chath | ar écin iarna marbad, SR 5292 . IT i 130.21 . berid ar écin Murni for aithed leis, LU 42a12 . RC xxiv 186.16 . at-ib loim ar eicin and, Laws iii 82.8 . dream timairciter ar ecin do denam thole Dé, FA 23 . a furail air ar eicin dul ina coimlepaid, YBL 63b23 . ciall ar éigin d'fhoráil ort, Dán Dé xix 11 . gur gabsat ar eiccin i nDuibhlinn `forcibly landed' Cog. 34.19 . co ndigsitis...ar eicin co port na Troianna, BB 428a25 . ra airgg Hercoil .. in Troí ┐ ra chúaid ḟurri ar ecin, LL 224b39 . 226b8 (= TTr. 556.686 ). co ndeachaidh Cesair ar eiccin for an caistiall, CCath. 6053 . in daim téit ar eigin a tig in airech, Laws v 164.22 Comm. elaid in gilla asa laim ar eicin, YBL 63b30 ( SR 3213 ). Maelir...do dul ar éccin ar Luimneach, AFM iii 146.12 . a marbhadh dhoibh ┐ é ag triall ar eccin uatha `trying to make his escape' 340.14 . The sl. ending is usual in this phr. in early exx., but exx. of the masc. dat. are also common in Mid. Ir. and Early Mod. verse: fala Dhé ar tí mo thréagaidh | gur mhéaduigh mé í ar éigin, Dán Dé vii 11 . MR 54.16 . do bhiadh oirrim Bhanbha Breagh | ag coinnill Annla ar éigean of necessity TD 7.50 . ní ḟuil do cheart ar chrích bhF. ... acht sí d'ḟagháil ar éigean (: gheabh), 17.4 ; 25 , etc. ag dénamh imechta ar eigen d'ionnsaigh an doruis, Rel. Celt. ii 190.3 . ratréta ┐ imghecht ar eigen acasan ga ghenamh `a forced retreat' 198.8 ; 10 . Later also a-réigin: na gnais ach ger decair dul | teit a reicin rig ulad, Lec. 185rb17 ​. ón ngurt a-réigin 'sní ad rioth | o luchd éididh ┐ each, 24 P 8, 212 . Dánta Gr. 39.40 .

adv Hence: with difficulty, hardly: da roib an eslainte so arrsaidh is a reigin foirther hi, YBL 343b4 . as ar eiccin terna an tIarla fein iarna ghuin, AFM vi 2076.13 .

d' é.¤ by force, compulsion: d'éigin nó d'áis, Dán Dé ix 6 (where éigean would improve the metre). d'áis no d'éigion, Each. Iol. 56.2 .

(4) Difficulty, need, trouble, strait; in relation to war: ras nert ┐ ra greiss in rí...im ḟulang cach éicni ┐ cach imnid, LL 219b24 = TTr. 185 . díscart dín in n-ecin fil fornd, LU 63b9 ( TBC-I¹ 742 ). TBC-I¹ 323 . in trén...ro dingbad cach éicen dind, Acall. 6976 . airc na écen, TBC-LL¹ 2896 . don tí d'ḟoirfed sib assin n-éicin sin (of voyagers adrift in a storm), Acall. 3779 . TTebe 2007 . isin moréicin moir sin, Acall. 3775 . i n-écnib ┐ i n-urgalaib, LL 230a10 . Esp. of stress of battle: bai obair cach oen dib a fis a tuiruchta fen ar met a ecni so hard was he pressed Cog. 186.2 . [i] n-eigin irgaili, TTebe 4483 . in ecen engnoma i roibi, 3438 . a n-éigean ḟeadhma, IGT, Decl. ex. 1358 . fa deācair leó Goll do bheith san éigean sin, ML 136.22 . AFM iii 576.9 . do bhí éigean mór ar E. mun amsoin, eadhon sluagh Chuinn go huile, agas urmhór mhaithe Mumhan uile...iona aghaidh agas dobhí éigion budh mó iona sin air, eadhon Goll...dhá thuargainn, ML 30.7 ; 10 . a n-eigen ag Sagsanachuibh sorely pressed by the English Rel. Celt. ii 202.6 . Of a state of strenuous endeavour: bhíos i n-éigean ag gleic = qui in agone contendit TSh. 10610 . Cf. do ṡloig, gídh ar lór d'éigeann | Iaoich idir éide agas airm, Oss. vi 118.23 . Grievous plight; hardship: in ecen ele boi ann, .i. in tan no roinntea in biad...nos bered in tii ba tresi dib a chuit on anbhánd, LB 155b32 . do innseadar a n-éigean agas á n-anbhḟorlann dhó the distress and oppression they were suffering from ML 82.11 . críoch Mhidhe uile a móir-éigean, ina lasrachaibh leathna 84.12 . ar aoi a héiginsi d' fhurtacht `for helping her necessity' Studies 1921, 75 . Dán Dé xxi 4 . 'gan tí 'ga dtám i n-éigin, Dán Dé xxi 3 . ri heicin na hitad sin the urgency of that thirst TTebe 1776 . ón éigean tarta ina rabhadar, Keat. ii 4983 . ag faisnéis an éigin 'na mbí (the soul in purgatory), TSh. 4263 . Sorrow, grief: ba mór a uchbad ┐ a eigen (v.l. an egaine) lais an scelsin do chloistecht, TTebe 4558 .

Fig. stress; overpowering exuberance: gach coll úr re heigin innte | léigidh a ghlún fillti fáoi kneels under stress (of its burden of fruit) KMMisc. 172 § 26 . go raibhe an oiread soin d'éigean féile...i nGaedhealaibh nár lór leo nídh do thabhairt do gach aon dá dtiocfadh...gan cuireadh coitcheann do thabhairt..., Keat. i 4 x .

Need, necessitousness; esp. famine, scarcity: i n-aimsir na hécne in a time of scarcity PH 7553 . cara na héigne the friend in need Dán Dé xiv 6 . xxi 1 . TSh. 9829 . do bhádar mórán díobh a n-éigion (through famine) ML 8.11 . díoth orm is éigin orra, TD 44.4 . With gen. of thing needed: i n-éigean a furtachta wanting help TSh. 4835 . Cf. dál éicne a distressing business: scarad friu bid dál éicne, Ériu v 210.1 .

Cf. éicin.

COMPDS. éicen-broit oppressing bondage, hence heavy sorrow: lān d'imnedh is d'éigeanbhruid [sic leg.], Niall Mac Mhuireadhaigh, Rel. Celt. ii 266.6 .

¤chless violent feats (?): Caille Con Ruí... | fris' fertais óic écen-chless, Metr. Dinds. iii 308.66 .

¤dál a stiff encounter; a distressing position, dangerous strait: airc na écen na écendál, TBC-LL¹ 2896 . cf. 3030 . egindail ainfine `stress of weather' Aen. 1571 ( Aen. vii 199 ). tugadh éccendáil forra, AFM ii 1042 x . comhaonta do chengal doibh im freccra a cheile im gach n-eiccendáil do bhenfad friú, iv 1214.5 . Ua C....d'foirithin as an airc ┐ as an eiccendail i mbaoi ag Ua D., vi 2122.17 . tánaicc an President go marcsluagh ┐ go saighdiuiribh, uair roba cuimhneach lais an eiccendail i mbaoi la Dál cC. an bliadhain roimhe, v 1654.18 . Tadhg mac Eidighain ḟailidh | go hegeandail nir ḟennigh never showed himself a champion save when he met a dangerous encounter ZCP viii 226 § 17 . ba bes do Romanu fāithi...do tocairiud ina ndocum in gach am no tomaithead egendail forru, CCath. 925 . go ndligheann duine éigean-dáil ┐ anfhorlann a chomharsan d'fhóirithin, TSh. 1838 . cechip tan nó tomaithedh égendail ghabhaidh fair, Hugh Roe, 212.5 (f. 56b) . san éigean-dáil ghábhaidh se, TSh. 2083 .

¤gal strenuous valor: TBC-LL¹ 1666 .

eros, erais

Cite this: eDIL s.v. eros, erais or dil.ie/20327
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: eross, erus

n m. and f. (?) the raised part of a ship, poop, stern (oft. oppd. to braine `prow'): eross (gl. puppis) Sg. 105a2 . erus (gl. de puppi) Ardm. 189a2 = Thes. i 498 . 28 . gebid erus na luingi, Aen. 2410 (= puppim tenet Aen. x 226 ). a hearus a luingi, 1839 . i n-arus a luinge, 877 (= celsa in puppi Aen. iv 554 ). ethar bec...cona braine blongi, cona erus imme stern of butter MacCongl. 85.12 (LB). na himpam in curach, acht bíd a erais reme, LU 25b 35 = RC x 52.12 . in curchin beg...cona eraiss ierslesa, cona braine brechtain, MacCongl. 119.33 (H 3.18). co rabhatar na longa ar crithnugud otá a mbruinne co herrais from prow to stern CCath. 1937 ( ota braini co herais v.l.) Cf. earais .i. deireadh: ó bhraine go hearais .i. ó tosach go deireadh, O'Cl. co rancadur a mbruinnedha i n-inadhaibh a n-errais (of ships), CCath. 1959 (a n-eras, n-eraisi v.l.). fo bruinnibh ┐ fo eraisib long, 2142 . Cf. suidi n-erusa seat of honour (?) ZCP iii 449.16 . erus céilli 'a ship's stern of sense' Ériu xvi 82.31 , PHCC xx-xxi 14-15 = YBL 180b24 . For: i n-erus, Thes. ii 357.17 ( Hy vii 63 ), see KZ xxxi 97 . Thes. Suppl. p. 80 .

esóenta

Cite this: eDIL s.v. esóenta or dil.ie/20546
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: esaenta, esóentad

n t (later undecl.), f. (óentu) disunion, dissension, quarrel, strife: n s. ro deliged in esaenta sin that dispute was settled LB 158b20 . ótá an easaonta ag adhaint, TD 18.13 . eassaénta choccaidh ar n-eirghe, AFM vi 1934.22 . cor ḟás sesilbe ┐ esæntaid mor isin popul, LB 150b27 . a s. co fuair esaentaid ┐ imresain ona ludaidib 150b20 . baili i mbia ḟailti cen esaentaig, YBL 168b44 . trésan easaonta ┐ trésan siosma do bhíodh idir na Gaedhealaibh, Keat. iii 2915 . an sid gan [e]asaonta, RC xxviii 322.5 . do rinneadar easáonta ad' aghaidh, Psalms v 10 . g s. i n-oéntaid esóentad demna, LU 33a43 . fochunn daebtha no essoentad, TTr.² 264 . adhbar essaenta (esaentad, essaentae v.l.), CCath. 226 . fáth easaonta, TD 24.2 . Keat. ii 6281 . teine na hesáonta, RC xxv 392.16 . ruathar easaonta a hostile charge CF p. 63.153 . d s. do bhí an cúigeadh... | lán d'easaonta, TD 21.38 . As vn.: oc debaid no ic essaentaid, PH 4519 . beid na taise 'sna tombaibh | ag easaonta, TD 4.24 . ffeasaenta mor d'eirgi 'a great dissension arose', AI 404 (s.a. 1311.3) .

1 fót

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 fót or dil.ie/24133

 

Forms: fot, ḟoit, fóit, fotu, fót, fotaib, fóit, fōide, foite, -foitib, fotaibh, fódaibh, fát, fád, Fáid, fáidibh

n o, m. in later lang. decl. varies, see IGT, Decl. § 88 . n s. in fot , Ml. 37d14 . g s. ind ḟoit , LL 115a10 . n p. fóit, LU 9249 , 10466 . a p. fotu, 9848 . g p. inna fót , Ml. 126a15 . d p. fotaib, 84a5 . LU 10467 . In Mid. Ir. occas. with slender forms : d s. don chetfóit , LL 290b35 . n p. fōide, Corm. Y 1265 . foite, TBC-LL¹ p. 719n. 13 (St), foidi, p. 85 n. 16 (St), cf. d p. -foitib, CCath. 4103 beside fotaibh, 994 , fódaibh, 1749 . The variant fát (fád) is found in Early Mod. Irish ; fád (: atád), IGT, Decl. ex. 792 ; 1632 . g s. ... Fáid na bhFionn (: táid), TD 8.5 . d p. fáidibh (: láidir), IGT, Decl. ex. 1633 .

(a) a sod (of earth), a clod: gl. gleba Ml. 37d14 , 84a5 , 126a15 , caespes Sg. 66b6 . fod (gl. gleba) Ir. Gl. 119 . dobiur f.¤ dom thír fom chossaib, LU 1841 ( RC ix 494 ). foot (diss.), Anecd. i 63. 111 . corop cerchaill cach f.¤ feránach, LL 171b26 ( CRR 6 ). co ro sceindset na fóit a crūib na n-ech, LU 10466 = ZCP iii 260 § 87 . ina curtis na eich do cheppaib ┐ do chorrḟótaib, LL 110a8 ( RC xiv 416 ). ( co ndringitis for fodaib ┐ for lesaib do dechain Hectoir, LL 405a31 is perh. corrupt; TTr.2 in corresp. passage, TTr.² 1094 , has : for foradhaib ...). ro tócbuid tuir ... do cria[i]dh ┐ d'fódaibh, CCath. 1749 . fod do breith d'feronn na naomh, ZCP x 32.5 . fott for cloich, cloch for fot (of different kinds of dyke) Laws v 270.26 Comm. Of a grave : apraid rum cia f.¤ fo a fail, LL 209a ( Ériu vii 228 ). dorat fod furri (= buried her) BB 40b36 . guid fot fair i Ros na rig, YBL 181b23 = BB 260b42 (in SG 256 the text of the preceding passage is faulty). Cf. fon fot na hullta, Laws v 448.29 Comm. gach taeb ōg ar nach fuil fāt (: tād), ACL iii 2372 (`every young body yet unburied' Studies 1934, 300 ).

(b) a spot of earth (of a small and definite place) : tech mic ind Óc ... rígda f.¤ , Metr. Dinds. ii 10 . do cuingidh in foit bic i ndingnem cathraigh, Aen. 1579 . do rug leis e coruigi an fod ar ar fāgaibh ingen diūice L., ZCP vi 66.16 . ar ḟód ḟéagtha ḟátha `to a retired place to examine into his cause' ML 98.27 (= ML² 1341 ). cf. rucsat leo hé ar f.¤ scrután gaīsse fo leith, Acall. 6191 . ar fhód mhearaighthe `on the path of error' Dán Dé vi 4 . co ruc ... a mac ... for f.¤ raith réil `on a site of bright auspice, she brought forth a ... son' Ériu vii 223 ( LL 208by ). is eicen do neoch a thecht | cosin f.¤ forsa mbí a thiglecht, TBC-LL¹ 3666 . cai [ = co] fesur foat forsin m[b]ebai ┐ fout forau ngēnir ┐ fot forsa n-adnuic, ZCP ii 315.2 . tri fóid nach fétann aon-duine do shechna ... .i. fód a geine, fód a báis ┐ fód a adhnacail BNnÉ 236 § 159 = trí foide ..., BCC p. 102 . fot in gheine f.¤ in bháis ┐ bhót in adhnacuil, ACL ii 137.11 . ara fhōd bāis, ZCP x 32.8 . ni bi duine ar doman gan a ḟod urdalta ... oidhedha d'urmaisi, MR 268.22 .

(c) soil, land, territory: a ngaibes [fuidir] o flaith, ... etir fod ┐ indngnam, Ir. Recht 66 ( SM Facs. 3ax ). gabaid ... fot ... otá aniar Iordanén co hEofrait sair, LB 125a50 . as na fóidibh i bhfuileam, Top. Poems² 3 . d'ionnsuighidh ḟóid Eadáille, TD 24.28 . orláimh Ḟóid Mheadhbha, 21.34 . i bhfádaibh Néill, Hackett vi 8 . Cf. do righ Febhail na [bh]fót, Leb. Cert. 124.10 .

(d) idiomatic expressions : f.¤ crithaig : co nderrnadh f.¤ c. don uile doman `the whole world became "a sod of trembling"' CCath. 290 , cf. f.¤ crithach , 5644 . coccad mór ... co mboi Ere ina fód crithaigh, AFM ii 1078.11 . an fer las a ndernadh fód crithigh d'Erinn uile, 1182.2 . f.¤ cró a sod of gore, a scene of carnage: is f.¤ c. in tilach sa indiu lat, LU 10460 (= ZCP iii 260 ). f.¤ fábaill : land of bewilderment (?) tugsad ... na fód fhabhuill | fairche ... fhuinn L. | do dhruim thoitme a thighearna, O'R. Poems 1314 . See 1 fáball. f.¤ fírinne : ní fód fírinne air ar canuis, CF 419 Eg. (= ni ba fír sin, 924 Rawl.). f.¤ fáenlige : ga ḟurmiáil ri f.¤ foenlaige laid prostrate TBC-LL¹ 5714 = ri fáet foenlige, 5720 (see furmiáil). do bert a uillinn faoi fri fód fáoinlighe, he reclined at full length on the ground Hugh Roe 226.22 (f. 60b) . co rofāgbait ar fodaibh faonluige gan onōir adnaicti, ZCP xiv 239.2 . f.¤ mearbaill : fód mearbhaill a deceptive (treacherous) land Studies 1949, 185 . Cf. mod. fód mearbhail (seachrán) Hyde, Abhráin diadha ii 59 n . f.¤ fo leith a spot apart: rogairm [an ben] Cond lē ar f.¤ fo leith called C. aside Ériu iii 160 y . do cuaidh in t-iarla ar fód fo leth leis, ZCP vi 90.1 . téid i bhfód fá leith ria, Keat. ii 6350 . f.¤ for (fri h-) altóir `sod on altar,' land given to the church (probably from the symbolic custom of delivering a sod) : ro idbair in ri ... Tóim nEirc ... amal fót for altóir do Dia ┐ do Chíaran, LU 9596 ( ZCP iii 206 = RC xvii 190 . AFM i 262 ) ; do bhronn fearann don eaglais sin mar ḟód re haltóir, Keat. iii 2162 ). ar a dtugadar d'ḟearann ┐ d'ḟódaibh re haltóir dhóibh, Keat. i p. 4 . Of an offering in general : doratt Cúilfat (Cúil fata ?) hi fōt fri haltōir ... do Dia ┐ do Chiarán, RC xxvi 370.27 = ACL iii 226 .

mac fōit, O'Curry 2232 ( Eg. 88, f. 16d ). in a list of different classes of children, cf. mac muine.

(e) a lump, mass, heap: co tuargabar ina fotaib till it is piled up in heaps (of malt drying) Laws ii 240.21 ( ZCP xiv 348 , 350 ). bec nar merblig in sruth dib amal ḟót sengán like a swarm of ants Alex. 687 (= BB 494b16 ).

Common in compds. in poetry. With subst. f.¤-brug `sod-built stead' Metr. Dinds. i 4 . ¤ráth an earthen fort: gp. Metr. Dinds. iii 72.83 .

With adj. : fódarsaidh, TD 28.1 . ¤bán : féagain an mhúir ḟádbháin `with its shining sward' TD 11.1 . ¤boc : a n-eing fhádbhuig Olchobair ` soft-glebed ' O'Gr. Cat. 518.7 = Ó Bruad. iii 76 . don ḟádbhuig ḟinn (= Éirinn), Ériu viii 192.11 . ¤domain : a bhfeart fóddhoimhin deep under the sod Oss. iv 256.6 . ¤glan : ó Inis fodghloin ... Fail, MR 104.7 . ¤glas : fonn fodghlas, BB 13b56 . fosad-glenn fod-glas, MR 240.18 . Magh fádghlas Feimhin, IGT, Decl. ex. 1319 . ¤mín : Banbha ... an ḟuinn ḟóidmhín ` soft-sodded ' Content. xxx 26 . ¤núide : a ráith ... ḟódnúidhe TD 28.2 . -réid : an ḟuinn ḟóidréidh, TD 26.1 .

1 fraig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 fraig or dil.ie/24233

 

Forms: frega, froiged, fraig, fraig, fraig, fraig, fraigid, fraigid, froigid, fraigthi, fraighthi, froig, -eadh, -e, ḟroighth-, froigh-, fraigid, fraig

n i, f., in Mid. Ir. also decl. as dent. stem. g s. frega, Thes. ii 293.22 (SP). IT iii 39 § 30 . na froiged , PH 78 . a d s. fraig, Críth G. 226 , 232 . eter tenid ┐ fraig , Thes. ii 293.3 . co fraig , SR 4733 . íar fraig , LU 7203 . co fraigid 6804 . isind fraigid , 1710 . fri froigid , PH 523 . n p. fraigthi LB 147a12 . fraighthi, Laws v 326.13 Comm. n s. froig IGT, Decl. § 191 . (g s. -eadh, v.l. also -e ; pl. stem ḟroighth-, froigh-).

(a) an interior wall, or a wall viewed from inside, generally of a house. f.¤ .i. fri haigh .i. fri huacht, Corm. Y 608 , copied by O'Cl. : fraigh .i. fri haigh .i. fuacht. fraigthi in tige LB 147a12 . fó loch Echach adba dam ... tond mo tugi, tracht mo f.¤ the wave my thatch, the beach my wall LU 2974 . fri frega fál `against the wall-fence' (i.e. chamberwall) Thes. ii 293.22 . isind raigid in taige immá cuaird ónd ursaind díarali, LU 1708 . sreth ... dí bretnasaib ... ┐ a cosa isind fraigid, 1710 . co ndeachadsa ... i tech n-aili ... & is tria fraighidh noicht in tigi sin no acallad som misi, YBL 165b44 . téit co mboí iter Cormac ┐ f.¤ , LU 4368 (= ... fraigid, Anecd. i 16 ). F. etir ┐ fraigid . C. etir ┐ crand. L. etir ┐ adart (of persons around a bed) LU 3299 ( SCC 10 ). ó thenid co fraigid from (central) fire to wall LU 6796 ( BDD 33 ). LU 8051 ( FB 2 ). o thein co f.¤ , LL 248b39 ( TBFr. § 7 ; = go fraigid, ZCP iv 35 ). gai ... ro saig íar f.¤ for clethi a spear ... which stretches along the wall to the roof LU 7203 ( BDD 87 ). imscing linanairt ... fri fraigid against the wall (of tapestry) TFerbe 407 ( LL 256b2 ). luid A. ina airicul ┐ dobeir a druim fria raigid (= leaned against the wall of it) LU 8773 ( FB 58 ). mo t[h]aeb co fann re fraigh (of a person ill in bed) ZCP vi 263 § 6 . gach aon do ṡuidhe druim ré froigh, Keat. ii 3906 , of custom observed in the king's hall at Tara, where all the guests sat with their backs to the wall ; cf. atat .uii. meic thíre i ngialnai fri fraigid ina thigseom (i.e. as hostages in his house) LU 7015 ( BDD 66 ). is luchra grēine do f.¤ | cruth rochaīn co ndrochālaib, ZCP vi 267 § 4 . tomus tighe Mec ind Ócc ... etir dā fraigid from wall to wall ZCP viii 108 . co torchratar na hairm asna fraigthib, LU 8581 ( FB 44 ). Of a cave : fri froigid na huama, PH 523 . Fig. : Fíach dar Fálga f.¤ `a shield guarding Fálga' Metr. Dinds. iv 206 . See also 2 fraig. Of eyelid : sruth serb ... aslocha fraigh n-abrat n-uar, ZCP vii 299.16 . Of a board or bench (a seat running along the wall ?) : focerdsad cupa ... ar claruib, ┐ froighthiph an toighe, Aisl. Tond. 112 § 3 .

(b) in poetic style, of vault of sky, generally pl. : gur thuit froigh na firminte, TD 8.6 . ic tuitim a fraigtibh na firmaminte, CCath. 4325 . Suass a ffraigtip na firmeinnte, Fl. Earls 140.10 . on talam suas co froighthib na firmamindti, RC xxviii 310 § 4 . i bfraoighthibh na firmameinte, Maguires of F. 24.23 . a bhfraoithibh na fiormamint, TBC-LL¹ p. 563 n. 1 . Hence absol. the sky: co ceolaib Hiruphin | aṅgel uas fraig, ACL iii 219 § 9 (possibly angel is g p.).

(c) co fraig (in this sense rarely fraigid) `to the wall' = to the utmost extent, entirely: Enna ba flaith Fail co f.¤ , LL 18a49 . R. ri Fail gu fraidh, BB 47b18 (= Ériu xiii 71 , where this is cited as ex. of : f.¤ .i. fairrgi ; hence f.¤ .i. fairrge, O'Cl. rogab Flathroi . fuind co f.¤ . rige dar eis D., Rawl. 165b17 . (In the above ex. the gen. is governed by fraig). in cach coiciudh ... na hErend etir chill is tir co f.¤ , Ériu viii 67.7 . nír soinmech a feis co froig `not joyous ... at all' Metr. Dinds. iii 434 ; cf. ro bí in fer ... co f.¤ , 242 (or does this belong to 3 fraig ?). gairm co f.¤ (chev.) Anecd. ii 67 . críoch Ghaoidheal fád go froighidh the land of the G. is thine as far as it extends TD 10.20 . Esp. in phr. co fairrge f.¤ = as far as the seabounding-wall i.e. shore: tír Cannain co fairgi f.¤ , SR 4733 . otá in síd co fairge f.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iii 28 . ? tairind dinetan do f.¤ , LU 2981 (the gloss .i. tabair haigid form, seems due to misunderstanding of dinetan). Of the horizon (conceived as a wall bounding the ocean) : cen imcasin di bith buan acht fairggi f.¤ , SR 2579 .

Cf. 4 fraig.

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