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1 ar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ar or dil.ie/3902

Forms: ar, air, er, eir, air, er, ar, arin,, airindí, air, airnaib, armo, aire, aratobarr, arandéntar, arambiat, ara, armbad, ara, arindepur, aridlabrathar, arna, áirium, erum, erumm, erom, erut, ærut, airiut, airut, airiut, aurut, airiu, airi, airi, erre, airri, airre, airthe, erunn, erund, erond, airiund, airriun, airund, airib, airibsi, airiubsi, airiuibsi, eruibsi, erru, erriu, erro, airriu, airiu, erthu, airthiu, airtho, airib, airaib, or(u)m, or(u)t, air, uirre, orainn, oirinn, oraib, orru, orrtha

prep., leniting, with accus. and dat. See Thurn. Gramm. § 823 , Ped. ii 150 , Frazer, ZCP viii 5 , Williams, Celtica ii 305 ; IGT Introd. § 130 .

Usually spelt ar. air, Ml. 51c2 , 2d2 ; er, 122a16 , BB 449a10 ; eir, Ériu iv 180 § 39 . The spellings air, er, etc. (more freq. in later lang.) and the modern pronunciation show that O. Ir. ar as simple prep.was replaced by a conflation of airi and fo(i)r (3 s. n. of ar and for).

In Mid. Ir. for and íar are frequently spelt ar. See III, IV below and the articles on these words.

With article arin, -int, -a, etc. Note also airindí, Ml. 31b17 , air ind, 53a15 . arndi (= arindí), Ériu vii 138.4 . airnaib, Ml. 110d9 .

With poss. armo (m'), -do (t'), -a, -ar, -far (-bar) etc. Note also ar mh'éigse, Content. ix 26 . aire slicht, L. Chl. Suibhne 2 .

With rel. part. ara: aratobarr, Wb. 12d29 . arandéntar, 2a10 . cid arambiat , Ml. 56b9 . ara n-eperr, Críth Gabl. 1 . With copula: cid armbad , Wb. 11a19 . cidar impotabis, Ml. 56a13 . cid arnabu son, ib. ardott áigthe, LU 5656 = arṅdo- tāigi, TBC² 1178 (taking áigthi as vbl. of necess.). ara trēn, Arch. iii 239 § 32 . ara n-amra, ZCP vii 312 § 26 . Before inf. pron. arindepur, Wb. 5a31 . aridlabrathar, 7d2 . With neg. arna airecht, Sg. 198b3 . arnach faca, ZCP xiii 169.13 .

With pron. suff. Early forms. 1 s. áirium, Wb. 7a12 . erum, LL 286a25 . erumm, PH 1397 . erom, 1503 . 2 s. erut, Wb. 27d19 , 29d7 , YBL 326b42 , PH 6565 . ærut, Ml. 2d8 . airiut, Blathm. 569 , LL 289b30 . airut, LU 8086 . Thurn. Gramm. § 437 also gives airiut, aurut without reff. as `old forms which occur only in later sources' ( p. 272 ). 3 s. m. and n. Thurn. Gramm. § 437 gives airiu as the dat. form (cf. airiu, O'Dav. 22 ?), airi as the accus. airi is the usual form passim in the early language. Cf. áiri, Wb. 11b21 . f. (accus. and dat. not distinguished) erre, Ir. Texts i 3 § 8 (sic MS. See Ir. Hist. Studies i 347 ). airri, SR 405 (emended to airre, Thurn. Gramm. § 437 ). airthe, LL 286a7 . 1 pl. erunn, Wb. 15d13 , Ériu ii 124 § 65 . erund, LU 597 . erond, 588 . airiund, TBC² 170 . airriun, ZCP xi 110 § 26 . airund, LU 593 . 2 pl. airib, Wb. 20a3 , 22d25 , 27c19 , Met. Dinds. iv 232.33 . airibsi, Wb. 14d25 , a33 , 16a26 . airiubsi, 15c1 , 17a5 . airiuibsi, 16c23 . eruibsi, 27d7 . Ml. 2a11 . 3 pl. acc. erru, Wb. 4d20 , 11a29 ; ZCP ii 315.26 . erriu, Wb. 9c8 , 11a20 . erro, LL 289b30 . airriu, Wb. 15a23 , 21d11 , O'Dav. 985 . airiu, Wb. 11d11 , Laws iv 176.7 . erthu, LL 280a1 . RC viii 154 § 5 . airthiu, LU 4915 . ZCP viii 310.22 . airtho, TBC² 409 . dat. airib, Laws iv 162.2 . airaib, 114.21 Comm.

In later lang. all pronominal forms influenced by those of for, giving or(u)m, or(u)t, air, uirre (uirthe), orainn (oirn. oirinn, O'Gr. Cat. 556.25 ), oraib (oirb, BColm. 100.3 ), orru (orra, orrtha), etc.

The presumed distinction between ar with accus. when motion is implied and with dat. when no motion is implied ( Zeuss 622 ; with reservations Vendryes Gramm. § 283 ; see also Ped. ii 73 - 74 , Williams loc. cit.) appears most clearly in the stereotyped phrases ar chenn towards, ar chiunn ahead of, before (see cenn): ar beolu towards, ar bélaib before, in front of (see bél). The dat. is usual in ar cach láu daily (see ) and in ar thosuch ( Sg. 203a7 , see tosach). Usage is less clear outside fixed phrases, and that of the various collections of O. Ir. glosses differs (the available material is also much reduced by the frequent identity of form of a s. and d s. of nouns). The accus. is regular in Wb. in senses of taking away from and counting as , and also in glosses on Lat. ob, the dat. where the meaning is with regard to, instead of and in glosses on Lat. super. Both cases are found where the meaning is for the sake of, because of . In Ml. accus. is constant only in set phrases. The dat. is usual in meaning counts as , do-beir ar (for?) calls and in glosses on Lat. dat. without preposition (ar gentib gl. gentibus, 78a12 , 89c2 ) and where a Lat. compd. noun is treated as two words (arintinmlegun gl. promulgatione, 71c18 ). In general use the meanings saving from, instead of, in meaning of, in return for, on account of, because of, for the sake of, for the purpose of are all found both with accus. and dat. In Sg. the meanings instead of and on account of are found with both cases. See also IGT Introd. § 130 , Bard. Synt. Tr. 2 - 4 , 17 , 20 (where detailed rules are given for accus. and dat. both with simple ar and for compd. preps. such as ar aghaidh, etc.).

I

(a) Much less freq. in concrete or physical meanings than in more abstract ones. Perh. before, in front of in (case of follg. noun not certain): dá [n]dorus [n-]and, comla[e] ar ala n-aí, clíath ar alailiu (-e, MS.) `in front of' (Gloss.), Críth Gabl. 100 . ar Tuatha Dé Danann `before the T.D.D.', Ériu xii 152 § 15 (TE). cethridoruis airri (recte airre) im-mach, SR 405 . ó beit fíanna fer nÉrenn ┐ Alban do Chonaire ar thig, BDD² 1416 . Cf. 1081 , 1400 , 1492 . ? airiu . . . iarmo in front of it . . . behind it(?), O'Dav. 22 . Cf. airber .i. frit anair bere .i. eter do dī lāim, ar is fort muin bere ere [n-]aile, Corm. Y 58 . Acc. to Binchy, SCano p. 33 , frequent in meaning east of, the only example cited being: acon loch ar Mag Aí `by the lake east of Mag Aí', Death-tales 32 § 2 (`on'). Cf. Airbri .i. fri Bri Eli anair, O'Mulc. 70 = Dinds. 16 ( RC xv 308 ). ? a nAicill ar Temair, Anecd. i 17.1 . Cf. perh. Síd ar Femin, LU 7846 ( BDD 140 ), etc. (or for al?). Perh. orig. with concrete force also in: do té(i)t aitire ar ḟer feras in fuil, Críth Gabl. 52 `goes surety for', Gloss. Concrete meaning is perh. also to be assumed in the phrases agaid ar (late, orig. for?), ar agaid, ar amus, ar beolu, ar bélaib, bél ar bél, ar chenn, ar chiunn, ar dorus, ar dreich, ar fed, ar gnúis, ar leth, ar medón, ar ṡúil, ar thosuch, ar thús, ar úairib. See under the nouns concerned. With more abstract force in ar aí, ar apu (see 3 aí, apa). Here may also be included: doire acummisc arúir `of their being mixed with mould', Wb. 13d3 . úachtar ar lemlacht dó mixed with, Críth Gabl. 63 . loim midc do chumasc ar usciu `to mix a sip of whey with water', Mon. Tall. 143.25 . ba fial ṅdō buith arnaib ōcaib, cēin dogēni calma among, TBC² 1266 = LU 5739 . ? tiucfa in mac cētna ar bar cloind, ZCP viii 563 § 27 (for?). Perh. for for in: ó fó-certa a ṡrúb ar géscoe against a branch, BDD² 349 (= ar gésce, 355 ). conadh ar x. míli cathrach do shiublaighdis techta Magnuis Cam . . . ō maduin co fescor `to ten thousand cities', Marco P. 96 .

Rarely of time. See ariu before .

(b) In the follg. exx. the meaning is also more or less concr., though the precise meaning of the prep.is obscure, and it would be possible to consider them as early exx. of the replacing of for by ar (see III, and fo-ceird III): arnarala for cubus áiri, Wb. 11b21 (see note). Cf. focheird mo menma airi `my mind is set on him', Ériu ii 92 § 2 . ón lá tarrla ar n-airi air, iv 220.27 . torala dia archeill do degnimu su `let God bring to mind thy good deeds', Ml. 43b15 . iscor lame ardodced buith ocairbiathad sainte gl. nam qui volunt divites f[i]eri, incidunt in temptationem, Wb. 29b18 . ? Cf. ni comarleiced (.i. nir cetaig) dó cor lamha aire (.i. dul do sacarbhaic) cin foghlaim, Trip.² 243 . mabeidní dirúnaib dothéi armenmuin indfir, Wb. 13a12 . Note also: arnaib réib ilib gl. et qui ascendit super omnes caelos, 22a8 .

(c) In compd. numerals (with dat., see Celtica ii 312 ): a n-óen ar fichit (fichet, MS) the twenty-one, Ml. 2d2 . cóic míli ochtmugat ar chét one hundred and eighty five thousand, 34b17 . a ocht deac ar chét, BCr. 32d2 . deichinbair ar dib fichtib ar trib cétaib, Trip.² 3104 . secht cathae ar chetharchait / ar secht cétaib is huilliu, ZCP viii 313.34 . cōicer ar ceithri fichtib, 219.29 . fer ar sheisir seven men, Celt. Rev. x 348.23 . fri re tri n-aidhche ar mís, RC xviii 162.32 . Note also: tāinic buiden mōr . . . dōig lim is ar trichaid cēt inti approximately(?), TBC² 3142 (text perh. faulty).

II In a wide variety of abstract meanings for the most part deriving independently from those given under I.

(a) for, for the sake of, on behalf of, etc. (often gl. Lat. pro) (with accus. and dat. See Celtica ii 309 ): cia dudrigni dia mór di maith erriu, Wb. 11a20 . innahí dorigeni Día ar maccu Israhel, 30 . mirabilia dorígeni Dia ar maccaib Israhel, 28 . massu arinbethid . . . dagníu, 13c11 . mor ní as dénti ní airriu, 15a23 (in sense of mod. déanaim rud ar I obey, see Thes. Suppl. 51 ). niarséuti . . . robcarsi tíamthe, 23d4 . ar erchru gl. pro defectu, Ml. 31a4 . dusrigeni dia erru amal robu thol doib, 54a34 . fri assaru ar maccu israhel gl. rerum gestarum (testimonio), 94d2 . ara bǽsaib som .i. ar denum a thule gl. pro suis ritibus laborantes, 87b20 . a ndorigēnai in rí / do ḟertaib ar ṡanct Brigti, Thes. ii 332.4 (Hy. v). or̅̅̅̅̅̅̅̅̅̅̅̅̅̅ ar Bran nailither, 286.34 (inscr.). lānamain . . . nī fil etar- scarad dōib acht ar Dia, Corm. Y 824 . léicfider cach bean do mnáib airiut thou wilt be preferred to all other women, BDD² 59 . ar ghaol for the sake of relationship, Studies 1918, 99 § 15 . dorindedh mainistreacha ┐ sepeil le ar anmain Gyi `for the soul of G.' ZCP vi 90.11 . See also under meince, pairt. Freq. in sense of (praying) for, see airnigde, guide, guidid, oráit.

(b) for the sake of, by in adjurations and invocations: dilig dam . . . / ar Maire n-amra n-Ingin, SR 7820 . ar do chumachtae . . . tesaircc dam-sa mo chūrcha, BColm. 54.3 . ar do thrīnōiteacht, a Thrīnōit, Arch. iii 241 § 2 . ar t'fhírinni riutsa, na furáil etc. by thy honour, CCath. 1659 . ar na deib rib, TTebe 4025 . síol Ádhaimh . . . / ar do thocht díobh slánaigh sinn, Dán Dé ix 22 .

(c) on account of, because of (with accus. and dat. Glossing Latin ob, pro, propter): ar ar comoicsi do bás on account of, Wb. 14b25 . aracethardese gl. quam ob causam, 31b24 . ob mirationem .i. airinn adamrugud, Ml. 61a15 . ar chosmaili ind fochuinn diaragbtha gl. causae uicinitate, 35b24 . ar ét im chrabud gl. pro zelo religionis, 36d24 . arna lithu gl. propter cultús diuini festa, 47b2 . arna pecthu immefolngat guasacht do anmin gl. propter animae pericula, 7 . cid arnaibhisiu .i. arnaib hi forodamarsa gl. ob ista, 58d13 . ní ar pianaib do thabairt forru `not on account of the infliction of punishments upon them', 114b7 . ara foirbthetu fadesin, Wb. 6c19 . tocombaig a ṡlán ara ḟornert because of, Críth Gabl. 415 . ar ṡóethaib because of grievances, 581 . ar ilar a imarbus, ZCP viii 104.7 . Corco Bāiscind ar a nert / nī damaid cert d'Eoganacht, v 500.16 .

With a variety of nouns in more or less stereotyped phrases: ar na h-ádhbharaibh sin for those reasons, ML 58.11 . ar[a] airmitin som through respect for him, Ériu iv 30.23 . ar t'ḟuath, i 97.32 . ni diles ni doberar ar uathbas `nothing is lawful which is given out of terror', Laws iv 286.25 . See also under áis, cairde, cúis, écndairc, écen, ecla, gart, midlachus, miscais, omun, sant, serc, úacht, etc.

Common with abstr. nouns from adjj. in the construction: nīr fētatar a tōcbāil ar a truma because of her weight = because she was so heavy, Anecd. iii 9.8 . ar dúire a drochdelba, Ériu iv 102.16 . ar ḟebus na cuidechtae because the company was so excellent, BColm. 78.18 . ar a laechdacht, ZCP viii 318.12 . ar cumga in puill nír féd dul amach, Ériu v 49.7 . in senadh ic á adhradh ar a uaisle, CCath. 334 . ar ghoire do ghaoil, Dán Dé xi 11 . Without poss. or gen.: cona tisa . . . in dam tarais ar airdi (a fence), Laws iv 76.19 Comm.

Freq. in advv.and conjj. in O. Ir. glosses. 3 s. n. as adv. on account of it, therefore: fristemlighter cid ind aier airi, Ml. 73c2 . ni bad pronomen airi, Sg. 203b2 . isairi doroigu dia geinti hore . . . this is why . . . because, Wb. 5b12 . is airi inso rogabad som hi rige, Ml. 14a4 . cinid airi doberr desim- recht acht ar atrebthach nand, Sg. 35b13 . With article and i: arindi gl. eo, Sg. 190a4 . ni arindí . . . sed quia not because . . . but because, 5a4 . arindisin gl. ei, Ml. 54c6 . arndi furumai sár for cach toil, Ériu vii 138.3 . With se: ní nád ṁbed arse di chorp gl. ideo, Wb. 12a22 . arse gl. ob hoc, Ml. 18d15 , gl. qua re, 29d1 . isarse gl. quo circa, Enchir. Aug. 70b , 81b ( ZCP vii 480 , 484 ). airechas ceneóil airsiu (leg. airsin? edd. airriu, Ped. MS Index to Wb. glosses) ní airechas fidei, Wb. 1b12 . Later: air sin on account of that, CCath. 2350 . Note also: ar a smuaintighib do beith . . . a mbeat[h]aidh an tigerna so that his thoughts might be in, etc., BCC § 5 (cf. ara).

(d) instead of, in place of, as substitute for, in meaning of (meaning confined to O. Ir. glosses. With dat., occas. with accus.): arnab geintib huilib taken as referring to all the Gentiles gl. Iudeos et Grecos omnes, Wb. 2a15 . foirbthe ar anfoirbthu gl. decem milia, a perfect (number) for an imperfect, 9a10 . corda .i. arin duiniu huli lesom gl. a parte totum, Ml. 53a2 . todochide ar sechmadachtae n-anfoirbthe gl. commotatio . . . temporum `future for imperfect', 62a16 . arnaib bolcaib gl. pro uesicis, 99a4 . fogur cechtar de ar alaliu ┐ fogur na liter naile airriusom, Sg. 4a8 . ni roscríbad ar naill (leg. ar na aill, edd.), 6b3 . a ṡuidigud ar anmmaimm dílius, 27a1 .

Often with as-beir, do-beir etc.: dobeir inso arnab uilib cumactib gl. supra omnem principatum et potestatem et uirtutem et dominationem, Wb. 21a13 . epert innan (MS. inna) aisndisen arnaib gnimaib gl. dicit autem non quia talia locuti sunt Scribae . . . sed quia talia fecerint, Ml. 16d3 . a ndurigni duaid in gnim sin in tengad do airbirt ar gnimaib in choirp, 31b24 . intan asmbersom pes ┐ manus nochis arnaib gnimaib són dungniat som honaib ballaib hisin atbeirsom, 56b3 . tri suidigud dosom inna cluas arin chorp huiliu, 60b16 . arnaib fedaib sonartaib ardaib gl. pro terri- bilibus arbustís cedros possuit, 146a6 .

The idiom ad-rími ar counts as (with accus. and dat.) is prob. to be assigned to this section: ní ármisom ar chumactte, Wb. 6a1 . cenid ar chomsuidigthib adrímther inna fortórm- ach so, Sg. 202a5 . See ad-rími. With LA: petra les arin trediusa sís he takes petra as standing for, Ml. 60a7 . in loc lesom híc arnaib aitrebthidib gl. a loco habitatores intellegite, 144c3 .

(e) in return for, in exchange for, as price of, in payment for, as equivalent of (with accus.): airitiu lóge ar mo precept in return for, Wb. 10d31 . rotbīa a lōg airi you shall have a reward for it, TBC² 585 . is lá cach(a) tíre do-tét dlega(i)r aire `is due for it', Ériu xvii 70.4 . Freq. do-beir lóg etc. ar: ainm indlóge doberr domiledaib armílte, Wb. 3c1 . intan dobera Dia fochraicci ar degnimu, Ml. 90c14 . screpul doberar do gilli . . . ar comaitecht do neuch o pecad `a groat that is given to a lad for accompanying someone in a sin', Mon. Tall. 143.9 . nī tibur-so in tinnscra sin(ee) cid ar Meidb C. feissin I wouldn't give a brideprice like that for M. herself, ZCP iv 39.7 (cf. TBFr. 185 ). ní conrogab terochraic . . . ar forbrissiud fir truaig `reward for oppressing a wretched man', Ml. 36a32 . ni riat na dánu diadi ara n-indeb domunde sell for, Wb. 28c2 . ríthæ . . . ar ech ndonn, Thes. ii 240.1 (Ardm.). tale damsa a log ar epert do firinne lat, Ml. 36a32 . síodh Dhé 'gá ceannach ar chrodh being bought for herds, Dán Dé xxvii 33 . With vbs. of leaving, abandoning: ni dérsid for sóiri ar fognam, Wb. 20b10 . roleicc creitim ar in paganacht he left the faith for paganism, Anecd. iii 72.28 . as uime do trēig Temraigh / ar Chend Maghair, ZCP viii 108.19 . Denoting preference: ragaid duit aire . . . rígi hÉrend in preference to him, BColm. 68.18 . do mholfuinn fear an leithléighinn 'gá mbíadh beatha ghlan . . . arfhear láin- léighinn 'gá mbíadh beatha némhthromdha, Mac Aingil 4782 .

(f) for the purpose of, in order to obtain (as far as the exx. serve with accus. in Wb. and dat. in Ml. The exx. from Wb. given here, however, could equally be referred to the preceding section): precept arbiad in order to obtain food, Wb. 10d13 . madarlóg pridchasa, 23 . is arnach nindocbáil móir fodaimim se inso, 23b12 . asberat isar indeb isdénti tol dǽ, 29b12 . arind etarimdibiu (arindetar imdibiu, MS.) gl. pro interfectione aduersariorum, Ml. 36b23 . ar chuindriug pectho gl. instrumentum est divinae iustitiae `for the correction of sin', 49b7 . gabthe dunad les fris arinoillus for protection, 55c1 . asberar ar thormuch pectha for the purpose of increasing sin(?), 76a5 . bliadain lán dano do M. [┐] a muindtir uli for usciu ┐ bargin ar tuaslucud anmae B. `to obtain the release of the soul of B.,' Mon. Tall. 133.29 . serc fochraici ara n-as- [c]nam, piana do imchaisiu ara n-imgabail in order to avoid them, Ériu vii 138.28 . is rimsa . . . rohérbad ar eisnéis it is to me it was entrusted for relating, iv 144.21 . annsa lebur tuc sé dóib ar choimét a ndligid feín `for keeping', Maund. 61 . Also perh. in phrase ar olc fri, see olc (because of?).

(g) by virtue of, by means of, through (dat.): condenad fingail ar chuinged soinmige do gl. mercari peccato securitatem, Ml. 39a6 . ? ar gressaib gal / glenaid luch inna línsam `by feats of valour', Thes. ii 293.20 . ni ar lín óc brister cath, Ériu ix 47 § 18 . ar neart a n-engnama by dint of their prowess, ML² 286 . gaibsit tír and ar chlaideb by the sword, ZCP viii 313.21 .

(h) In general sense of in respect of, with regard to, in the matter of, relating to, etc. (appar. with dat.) (the ascription of some exx. to this section is tentative): desmrecht insin ar aimsir deirb that is an example of, Sg. 66b17 , cf. exemplum ara airiuc far diull tanaisiu, 106b20 , exemplum inso ara rangabalda asrubart, 39a5 . annsom hi taurgillib tairgille ar bechaib, Laws iv 162.1 . rucus tairgilli ar bechaib `für Bienen ist ein `tairgille' . . . zu stellen', ZCP xv 319 § 12 . ? isam ómun ar a aisnéis I am afraid to relate it, LU 5349 . is fon samla- sin . . /gníth . . . a cét-chumma / Temrach . . . / ar áibnius in beauty, Met. Dinds. i 10.64 . fear feadhma deas ar gach ndān in every art, ZCP viii 562 § 16 . bean as ghloine ar ghníomharthaibh `purest in deeds', A. Ó Dálaigh xv 15 . issí eisimplair Crist . . . do lenfadís ar míne ┐ ar buaine, ar deirc ┐ ar trocaire, Maund. 123 . ro derscnaigh d'ógaibh a chomaoisi ar goil ┐ gaisccedh, Leb. Gab. 200.7 . Also in phr. ar chuit, see cuit. For do-beir teist ar see teist. See airbág.

Common in phr. of type: teine . . . ar thes crabaidh (of a person) a fire . . . in heat of piety = a paragon of piety, Anecd. iii 5.19 . Muridach, ba muir ar crūa[i]s, ZCP viii 299.34 . deochain ar grādaib ┐ sacart ar ūaisle a deacon in rank and a priest in reputation, BColm. 82. 15 - 16 . ba laech ar gaisced, RC xxiv 184.4 . a éan choluim ar cheannsa, Dán Dé i 19 . mar lile ar lí, Dánta Gr. 30.14 .

(i) about (of stories, books, reading, etc. In late exx. only. Perh. orig. for in this meaning): iomda ar Lasair ferta amhra many wonderful miracles (are said to have been performed) by L., Ériu v 90.4 . is mebair linn . . . / in seanchus fil ar Mag Ráin the lore about M., iv 156.18 . Leabhar Oiris ┐ An[n]ála ar Cogthaibh . . . Éireann, i 78 . craoibsgaoileadh ar chath Cluana Tairbh description of the battle of C., 16 n. léighmid ar Alexander n-uaibhrech, etc., Mac Aingil 872 . léan ba sgéal ar fianaibh Fáil, Magauran 2790 . Cf. sgriobh- thar ortha go . . ., O'Hussey TC 68.16 .

(j) With verbs of depriving, stealing, hiding, lacking, etc. from (accus. and dat.): tri airchellad donaib sommaib a n-anae airnaib bochtaib, Ml. 90a11 . is amne asruluús airi, Wb. 17d16 . a manaig do béim ar Lommān, BColm. 84.16 . ní bēram-ne t'áthius ort we shall not take thy victory from thee, 74.22 . ni cumscaichthi cumachtae nairi gl. hoc potestatem literae motare non debuit, Sg. 6a5 . ni fil nach díchlith airi, Wb. 1a4 . tesbanat boíll aíriu, 11d11 . in dá ṡét tesbanat airi, Críth Gabl. 130 . ní gette na brithemnachta becca erriu you would not snatch the petty judgements from them, Wb. 9c8 . nī gatar a forgall ar domun degmnā, Cáin Ad. 4 . a tellad errusom, Wb. 11a29 . dives cui (.i. isar) clam tollitur , Enchir. Aug. 76b ( ZCP vii 482.27 .)

(k) With verbs of protecting, saving from , defending against (accus. and dat.): ainsium Crīst ar cech nernbās, Thes. ii 352.4 (Hy. vi). Dīa dom chobair . . . / ar cech ṅgúasacht, 350.16 (ibid.). dia dítin ar in pecthach, Ml. 57c4 . dia diden . . . ar náimdib, Thes. ii 354.2 . airnaib imnedaib doneimni a dǽ, Ml. 110d9 . fri himdegail cuirp . . . ar demnaib, Thes. ii 354.4 . diar snádud . . . / ar gábud, 359.6 . for soirad ar senachrib, Ml. 33b21 . air ni bói numsoiradsa ar chumachtae ṅduini, 74b13 . Continuing a Latin construction: ar thes inna gréne són ┐ ara naimtib gl. quae etiam inumbraret eos et regeret, 97c4 . arnaib cumachtgaib gl. difensionem, 103c7 . arnaib hi sin gl. ut illis eripiat, 117b4 . defensionis . . . ar maccaib israhel, 124b10 . Note also: comad chādus ar cach ngúasacht that it might be a halidom against every danger, BColm. 96.10 . tucc dam a Dē mōir / . . . / ar pīanu na plāg / tonna dīana dēr, Arch. iii 232 § 1 .

III In later lang. ar and for become a single preposition (often with surviving difference in follg. mutation, see the examples in Bard. Synt. Tr. p. 2 ff. ). The follg. are exx. of ar for earlier for. Of local relations (for I): imda gol gargc ar a brú many a fierce wail in its lap, BColm. 100.6 . ar saebchoire in a maelstrom, 94.12 . tarrúd úire ar airib / for leccaib ar láech-maigib, Met. Dinds. iv 232.34 . seóit Cluana maic Nóis do foillsechadh ar Gallaib Luimnigh `were dis- covered with', RC xviii 53.12 . Of quasi-local relations, etc. (II). Of point of time (c): ar na tri soldomnaib `on the three chief feasts', Mon. Tall. 129.27 . ar notlaice ┐ caiscc ┐ cengciges, Ériu vii 150.30 . Of rule, sway, over (f): ba rī tenn ar Tūathmumain, ZCP viii 119.28 . flaithius ┐ forlamhus ar crichaib . . . na cruinne, CCath. 1 . In addition to (g): cotardda trá ar se mo chendsa ardo chend my head in addition to thine, RC iii 185.8 . credo ┐ pater . . . ar cech m-biait, xv 490 § 26 (for cach mbiait, § 32 ). Affecting, afflicting, etc. (h): bíd oirb oman Dé do neim, BColm. 100.3 . trom orm a innisi, ZCP viii 200.25 . duaithnid ar dainib in domain incomprehensible to, Fen. 38. 16 . Subsisting on (j): ar geilt féoir feeding on grass, Ériu iv 156.12 . ar usci ┐ bairgin, RC xv 491 § 30 , cf. for usci ┐ bairgin, 490 § 26 . In a state or condition (k): na biad ar in mbreith sin `that she would not abide by that judgement', RC xxiv 196.1 . nírbo borg báeth ar bruidin it was not a foolish castle engaged in brawling, Met. Dinds. i 32.46 . With vb. of motion: ge deach rī Conaill a ccēin / ar slūaiged rí Temhra tréin, ZCP viii 116.21 . To express the dativus incommodi (m): adbathadar uile thorad parrthais ar Adam `were forfeited by Adam', Laws iv 266.14 . adbathadar ar Aongus a thire, 15 . rogabsat tech air they stormed the house in which he was, BColm. 72.4 . ni cloifithir oirb bar cath, YBL 314b55 . Perh. also: ben clucc ar Cellach against, Cáin Ad. 18 . cogadh mór le Domnall . . . ar Brian, Ériu i 78.5 . In phrases (p): ar bith c[h]é on this earth, BColm. 100.3 . ar comairci C. under the protection of C., 86.28 . ar debaid in haste, LL 7493 . ar lár cháich in the midst of everybody, Ériu iv 222.28 . ar neam in heaven, Anecd. i 39.114 . ar ṡeilbh (sic leg.) éicsi, Sits 1919, v 92 § 9 . With verbs (III): dorad min aire `put meal over it', Mon. Tall. 147.11 . dobert trian forcridi . . . ar chuid cach lae `added one third of water to the daily allowance', 7 . do thabairt geinti ar ireis, ZCP iii 22.6 .

Note also: rostatlaig ar thenn-medón he clasped her by the sturdy waist, Ériu iv 104.8 . roghabh nathraigh mbí ar bolgán `by the belly', CCath. 4194 .

IV Replacing ÍAR. Of time (I): ar cath Ch. after the battle of C., ZCP viii 314.18 . arsin, Ériu iv 132.1 . is ar sein anid sí co arnabárach thereupon she remains till the morrow, ZCP viii 309.20 . ar n-ēirghi grēine at the rising of the sun, ML² 1333 . sóaidh co brónach dia taigh ar marbadh a maic, RC xviii 45.31 . ar tteacht ór tticch, ZCP viii 219 § 13 . do bātar ar n-a crēchtnugad, ML² 386 . ar ngabāil gīall for Mumain, ZCP viii 119.31 . Of place (II): arsin t[s]eit along the way, Mon. Tall. 153.20 . ar slige Póil is Petair in the track of Paul and Peter, Ériu v 24.24 . According to (III): suidfither gach aon duine . . . ar miadh ┐ ar dligedh ┐ ar a sognim[r]adh, RC xxviii 22 § 49 . ar a fidhair fen do cruthaigh Día é in His own image, BCC § 408 .

For use as conjunction see 2 ar, 1 ara.

4 ar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 4 ar or dil.ie/3905

Forms: aire, air, airib, or

n o. In early texts also with g s. aire, d s. air (cf. d pl. airib: -maigib, Met. Dinds. iv 232.33 ). Perh. orig. o, n. with early adoption of s-inflection (see the remarks on dún, Thurn. Gramm. § 280 ). m., IGT Decl. § 68 (d s. or).

(a) act of ploughing, tilling, cultivating; husbandry: a.¤ ab eo quod est aro .i. airim, Corm. Y 13 . a.¤ ab aro uel ab aruo, unde arbur .i. ar-fēr .i. ḟēr mbroga, O'Mulc. 52 . a.¤ .i. treabh- adh, O'Cl. a.¤ ┐ buain, Laws ii 366.19 . dam fri ha.¤ , i 122.10 . in dam aire, ZCP xv 308 § 3 . fir suicc .i. biss oc aur, O'C. 801 ( H. 3.18, 371b ). oin eich ag a.¤ for bla `the loan of a horse to plough upon land', Laws v 278.4 . slan doibsium int a.¤ sin do denum, Laws iii 270.1 . fri ha.¤ ┐ fri trebad in talman, Fél. 88.24 . a menma i n-a.¤ ┐ i mbuain do gres, PH 3548 . co raairdis laa n-air, LL 220b29 ( TTr. 260 ). lá air n-indraic, Ériu i 220 § 14 . a lá áir, O'C. 2145 ( Eg. 88, 3(4)a ) (a labour- rent, Plummer MS notes, cf. a.¤ manach duty-work , Reeves Ad. 369 and see Ériu ix 157 - 8 ). re hūair n-air for the plough- ing, ZCP viii 221.7 . Mairt a n-a.¤, Mairt hi corad sil a ngurt, RC xii 106 § 160 . sgur don ithir dh'or, IGT Decl. ex. 875 . ní léig fuacht do a.¤ ná obair do dhēanamh, Párl. na mB. 3423 . Fig. tabair ucht ar a.¤ na haithrighe to cultivate repentance, TSh. 6940 . Cf. further: go nár fágbatar . . . d'araib ná d'innmasaib ` agriculture (implements and produce)', Caithr. Thoirdh. 136.10 .

(b) the land ploughed, cultivated land: hit air for your ploughed land, Laws i 162.21 . mad boui occi ┐ a.¤ da ṡesrech .x. esiden `he had a field, making a ploughland of twelve teams', Ériu v 114.2 . tarrúd úire ar airib, Met. Dinds. iv 232.33 . a silad in air sin o fhiaclaib na nathrach, TTebe 68 . ?tarsna tri lán-air `ploughlands', Misc. Hag. Hib. 106 § 20 . ag buain a hair `reap its tillage', O'Gr. Cat. 442.14 . iomdha feadhbh gan a.¤ gan ura `farmless . . . widows', Ó Bruad. ii x 2 . a.¤ gan fhál `unfenced tillage-land', LBranach 651 . fál fa a.¤ , O'Gr. Cat. 392.33 .

arthraig(th)ech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. arthraig(th)ech or dil.ie/4335

adj o, ā (cf. arthraigid) apparent, evident: mairidh in colunn annsin ┐ tainic do re dini risb' artraigech (sic leg., Plummer MS notes) uire laeg do beith innte. muna mairind in colunn itir ┐ ni tainic do re dini ris (sic leg., Plummer MS notes) bu artraigech uire laeg do beith innte (dispute as to whether a cow was in calf or not), O'C. 536 (H 3.18, 265b) = artraidhach . . . artradhach, 654 (ib. 317 ). ma ro bi amuig re re ris bu artradhach a hinnlaegais nocho nictar ni ann . . . maine raib imuigh re [re] ris bu hartradhach a hinnlaegus uirre, ibid. `i.e. there comes a time when the pregnancy of the cow is obvious; this time is a `ré díni', a period of protection (sic), because it releases the vendor from his guarantee', Plummer MS notes. in galar buna[id] . . . nocha nartreigtech and fo cedoir conad artraighech and iardain, O'C. 1104 (H 3.18, 447b) = nocha nairtraighach .i. follus, O'D. 803 (H 3.17, c. 575-6). ? aspert co mbeith go hartraigtech (artraigech v.l.) dogres i cCluain Iraird an galar, BNnÉ 306 § 24 (`gouty' < Lat. arthriticus, Plummer MS notes).

bisech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bisech or dil.ie/5964

Forms: bisex, biseach, biseach

n later form of bisex. See Ped. i 218. biseach m., IGT Decl. § 55. increase, addition; improvement, betterment, progress: bliadain bissich leap-year, Ann. Inisf. 1024.1 . Ann. Conn. 1224.1 . tusa do bheith do bhiseach ar a chíos `an addition to his tribute', RC xxix 142 § 63. as ī in fāisidin menicc nach lēicind bisich fair (i.e. the `leabar beg' in which sins of clerics are recorded) additions (?), Anecd. iii 8.9 . b.¤ . . . galair ┐ guasachta, ZCP vi 26.25 . biseac a soluis tiar `the increase of its light' (the moon), Ir. Astr. Tr. 90.2 . biseach = augmentatio (Gloss.), Parrth. Anma 5065. biseach síne i n-aimsir earrchamhail improvement, DDána 83.14 . fa maith biseach ré búaladh (of a newly-forged blade), Duan. Finn ii 10 § 33. le primidil huile bhisigh = first fruits of all thine increase, Prov. iii 9. do bhí b.¤ ar an mac sin `that boy throve', Lism. L. 3013. dímarcraidh lesaighti no bisidh ata uire (of the worth of a calf), Laws iv 92.20 Comm. ni ruc buaid na bissech dóib advantage , TBC 3484. ní maith biseach Báothghalaigh / gidh liter nír léghasdair progress, IGT Decl. ex. 1399. rí in borrfada sin bissig `of magnificence and betterment, Arch. Hib. ii 84 § 29. dob áil le fer na husarachta dul a mb.¤ to become more prosperous, PH 7584. biseach, tarbha, buidhne, Eg. Gl. 76. in bile buada bisig, SG 388.7 . go ngairm bhisigh `of flourishing renown' (Gloss.), O'R. Poems 2707. bert bisigh, IGT Decl. ex. 195. biseach na (= ná) sláinte, TSh. 1703.

In phrases: dá bhfuil an fhéile ar biseach increasing, O'R. Poems 1058. ní san aois budh nóin do neach / budh chóir a bhaois ar biseach not in the evening of a man's age should his folly be mending, Dán Dé xxii 6 . conid iat boi for b.¤ ann .i. in gorta ┐ na crechaire, LB 154b21 . ag breith bhisigh (bhisich, MS.) ` ever-growing ', Magauran 1857 . ag breith bissigh neirt ┐ láidireachda, Mac Aingil 747 .

caingen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. caingen or dil.ie/7832

Forms: caingen, cain

n ā, f., later also o, m. c.¤ m., IGT Decl. § 53 . f., § 54 .

(a) suit, claim, petition, message : caingin no fugall gl. negotium aduersus alterum, Wb. 9c4 . in tan luaithfider a ch.¤-som hi tig Dǽ gl. cum iudicium agitari ejus coeperit `his case', Ml. 57c7 . nī ar cais nā miscuis .i. nī ar dēnum chaingne for nech, Corm. Y 285 . do tosach caingean, O'D. 539 ( H. 3. 17, 433 ) `of the precedence of cases', O'Don. Suppl. as i mbreth is dia cach caingne (of end of the world), Laws i 22.6 Comm. , perh. for as í in breth as dead . . . . ar nach cnedh bis slan ré mes is di caingin la feine, O'C. 1819 ( 23 Q 6, 46a ) = di caingiun, O'D. 423 ( H. 3. 17, 324 ). tiachtuin d'acra a caingne, Laws ii 86.6 Comm. iman caingean frecnairc, O'D. 579 ( H. 3. 17, 444 ). Maxim, Johan, Ernan / conc[h]uire mo ch.¤ , Gorm. Aug. 17 . co cuibdi cach caṅgni, LL 16607 (RC xlvii 293.y). cen gūbreith . . . / . . . / acht in chaṅgen fīr `but (finding) the true facts', KMMisc. 262 § 17 ( LL 18878 ). cia caiṅgen dotuc aniar ? Rawl. 82b7 . beir . . . / gusin coimdid mo chaingin, CF 88.3 . ar impide th'aingel / co n-ilar a cc.¤ `with all their pleading', Ériu xix 3 § 5 . im Sairial seolta caingean `who prospers causes', Dán Dé xxv 55 . dár gcabhairne im chaingean / daghaighne mná (: aingeal), PBocht 18.4 . ná bérad breth forsin caingin sin, Ériu iv 126.13 . tāinic aingel ar mo chend / c.¤ daingen ar mo ci[u]nd, ZCP vii 307.7 . fer lan . . . do cosnam cacha caingne fa tabrad a lam `in upholding every cause he undertook to plead', Ann. Conn. 1307.9 . conciuchlat[h]ar do chainccen your affair will be heard, ML² 508 . ? do fhregair in sámaid sin / a cánaib is a caingnib, SG 69.18 .

In phrases: c.¤ fri claim etc. against: [intí] bes im caingin fris, Laws ii 86.2 Comm. im caingin fri righ no seanadh gl. tocomracc, v 396.x . im chaingin robui de muintir Tamlachti friss, Mon. Tall. 157.7 . cia c.¤ fil det-siu frin-ne ? PH 3216 . téit etc. imm, la, fri ch.¤ goes etc. on a message, presents a case: dorrími Sencha . . . in caingin immá tullatár, LU 8745 ( FB 56 ). in c.¤ lasa tancais `the matter concerning which thou hast come', CCath. 4065 . timarnad duit nád dechis . . . / fri caingin (quaingen, caingne, caingeana, v.ll.) na athchuingid / as do liss cot' écc `for business or begging' (command to a monk), Ériu iii 108 § 52 . Note also: ma ta side a caingi a (? leg. i caingin) diubarta, Laws v 504.14 Comm. senchus .i. cuis is cain . . . .i. caing cain ingena (? leg. caingin, caingena) .i. cas caingine, i 30.30 Comm.

(b) dispute, controversy , question (for discussion): aí, cuis no caingean `controversie', Eg. Gl. 66 . tabair . . . comarli . . . .i. im cangin dilgotha cid dogénam imme, LU 9768 . i n-ecmais na caingni sin, 9771 . cepe nom bera . . . cen forus mo caingni chucu, 10260 . fri cosc ┐ cuindrech na c.¤ , Anecd. i 44.19 . fuaradar caingin doilig maxima quaestio , Lat. Lives 77.2 . batar caṅgni imda sunn ic Aed `questions', RC xx 46.21 . búaidh caingni cecha hairechta `victory in every assembly', xxvii 276 § 30 . in bóroma o Lagnib / tóroma do chaṅgnib cland, LL 16842 (`a service of the family tribute', RC xlvii 325 ). ro chóraig cach caingin ┐ cech n-imresain, 1477 . is caiṅgen / bith frisin less n-imdaṅgen, Auraic. 5124 . im cach c.¤ ro fiarfaig de, Grail 2188 . nobetis caingne ┐ écraiti dúibhsi, TTr.² 124 . caingni do chrichnachadh, TTebe 1141 . dénam comairli imon caingin sin, FDG² 685 . ic gleud ch.¤ na mór-ṡluagh `settling the dispute', Celtica iv 34.479 . romain ar gach caingnib / mac Muire go n-ainglib finna[ib] may . . . protect me against all disputes (suits ?), ZCP x 347 § 21 . coscar cacha caingne do commaidem `to triumph in every struggle', MR 258.23 . smuainiud cindti cacha caingni for solving every problem, 94.2 . críoch ar gcaingne `issue of our dispute', Content. ix 4 . an t-ord caingne `method of discussion', xxiv 3 . With ceist: césta ┐ caṅgni in choicid d'ordugud, TBC 868 . oenach . . . / cen cheist cen chaṅgin cen chreich, LL 27826 . du ceastaib ┐ du chaingnib domundaibh `worldly questions and cases', Auraic. 48 . ré heidir-ghleodh ceasd ┐ caingean, CRR² 16 . ceist ┐ c.¤ , PH 9 .

(c) Less specifically business, matter, affair : in cois ┐ in caingin ara-rogbad in salm gl. causam cantici `the matter', Ml. 74b11 . i cach caingin gl. in negotio, Wb. 25b5 . bid imda a n-airgne garba / is a caingne allmarda `piratical exactions', Fen. 66.10 . díchuirthar úain . . . tairmesca na c.¤ . . . saegulla (exhortation for Lent), PH 4993 . ba nefní leis a c.¤ ora maid in cath remi (of Protesilaus), LL 32287 `their dealing', TTr. 1475 . bad adba ch.¤ can chacht / bad adba aingel mon port (of Tech Molling), SG 366.29 . c.¤ in bāis brais, ZCP vii 302.27 . aingil Dé dom dín / fon caingin clé atchíam, KMMisc. 254.2 . suairc in ínis rangamar / imdha a cnuas is a c.¤ , 317.15 . cá c.¤ uil bar fargam what are you proposing to undertake(?), FDG² 638 . dōib fēin bid olc in c.¤ , ZCP v 22 § 9 . beg air . . . c.¤ na namad `the doings of the enemies', TFrag. 154.13 . is i caingean is coru `policy', Cog. 122.21 . rí an bheatha ceann gach caingne `Lord of all causes', Aithd. D. 75.16 . do bert . . . laimh imna caingnibh sin do fhorbhadh `to carry out these charges', Hugh Roe² 216.15 .

In prep. phr. with IMM: im chaingin ind anmchairdini `concerning the matter of spiritual direction', Mon. Tall. 135.11 . cia ro thuttis im chaṅgin t'ingini, TFerbe 253 . im caingin na ndaoine do déndáis aithricche `in the case of men', RC xxv 396 § 10 . cionnas do ghéndaois im caingin na nDanar, TFrag. 118.1 . With TRE: tre c[h]aingne con on account of, Sc. M² 21b .

(d) In later lang. also covenant, pact : dorinnes c.¤ re-m shúilib ( Job xxxi 1 ), PH 7800 . ro snaidm si a c.¤ , Grail 2291 . in c.¤ cona rathnachus tucsatt `guaranteed pact', St. Ercuil 358 . ar coilled a caingne re Ruaidri `had broken his covenant with R.', Ann. Conn. 1315.12 . in c.¤ sin C. ┐ M. `arrangement between C. and M.', CCath. 1163 . nī scarthar a c.¤ , ZCP iii 32.22 . an té ler cailleadh a chor / a caingean Dé do diúltadh, IGT Decl. ex. 1355 . fada súas fa bhrúach mBeirbhe / crúach sgeimhle ó chrúas do chaingne, 1373 . deadhuil chaingne na ccumpán `after the breaking of covenants', Studies 1921, 588 § 3 . lucht crúadhaighthe caingneadh (chaingean, v.l.) réidh `men who harden easy covenants', 1919 , 256 § 4 . ní fhuil ar chléircibh caingean, Measgra D. 55.18 . `the clergy have no status(?)', Gloss. ní bhí caingean ná cairdeas idir a lucht aittreabhtha (of vices of the body), TSh. 2948 .

(e) In chevilles: c.¤ ṅglé, SR 5463 . clothach caingean, Anecd. i 60 § 86 . caingean ceart, SG 24.23 . caingin nach gann, ZCP i 121 n.z . nochar ch.¤ cle, BCC 40.16 ; 168.29 . ? Cf. cainig (leg. caingen ?) cain, SR 3753 .

Compd. With adj.: bidh cath-buadhach caingen-glic `wise of counsel', BR 8.13 .

1 caire

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 caire or dil.ie/7903

Forms: cair, coire, coire, coir

n , f. Later also with n a d s. cair. Cf. coire, IGT Verbs § 83 . As vn. fath iar mbeirt bheith ag coire / mun gcath ar ceann Máonmhuighe, ex. 829 . Cf. 2 corach. Treated as two separate words in IGT: coire f., IGT Decl. § 3 . coir f., § 14 . Later also with dental inflexion.

(a) crime, fault, sin : in cairi gl. notam iniquitatis puplicae, Ml. 28c6 . cinid fil chairi linn gl. nos alienos á culpa, 30a2 . ind ainsemo .i. inna c.¤ gl. accussationis, 34a18 . nin-arraim ar chairi do `as a reproach', 49c9 . ho chairi gl. nota (pudoris), 55b9 . an chair cuires nech a nadhaig duine, dligidh pian na c.¤ sin d'íc, O'D. 765 ( H. 3. 17, 549 ). fo chrithdelm ch.¤ , SR 1767 . ar son choire mo chēile, ZCP xii 382.1 . frisin cair ┐ frisin míclu `blame', CCath. 5068 . nemh-ghortaighthi o chairthibh na colla, BNnÉ 68.39 . atá ar gcuirrthedh a-bhfiadhnuisi Dé, RC xxiii 20.19 (g p. ] with omission after atá?). d'innlāgad / colla co līn a coire (: Muire), Arch. iii 311 § 3 . fonn na coire `depth of guilt', BNnÉ 263.19 . combuaidredh peine ┐ c.¤ reatus poenae et culpae , Smaointe B.Chr. 4077 . go ffuiccheadh maithemhnas . . . in gach coir da nderna gó sin (of political offence), FM vi 2110.10 . derbhthar na cairthe, RSClára 132b .

Med.: a n-aimsir na tri caired so amail ata frighus ┐ rigor ┐ oiripilasio, RC xlix 50 § 1 (? leg. cáiled qualities, Ed.).

With qual. adj. or gen.: gur choir bháis ar dhuine caidreabh . . . ré tréatúir capital offence, TSh. 3495 . Cf. ar c.¤ criadbāis against mortal sin(?), Arch. iii 219 § 1 . mur doshǽrais . . . Subhsanna on cair breige false accusation, ZCP vi 97.20 . ó choir bhréige, Timth. 1916, 39 § 33 . c.¤ chennda see cennda. c.¤ cholnaide. see colnaide. coir mhenman `an offence of heart voluntary', Eg. Gl. 132 . coirthe na sinnsear, TSh. 5339 . As descriptive gen.: fer coire criminal, BNnÉ 4.1 v.l. bás na coire ┐ bás na péine, TSh. 985 . ofráil choire sin-offering , Lev. v 6 .

(b) In quasi-adj. phrases. cen chair(ib) blameless, innocent, flawless : a Chríst cen ch.¤ namchar `sinless', Met. Dinds. iii 374.105 . gairm cen ch.¤ , RC xxxvi 262 § 13 . cen ch.¤ ceilge, LL 20808 . beith cen cair cen dualce, Grail 3235 . co cairi faulty, blameworthy : ní dal co c.¤ , Anecd. i 72 § 195 . maistrecha gu coiri, Arch. iii 240 § 2 . fo chairib id.: ni sinn dotrat fo chairib who caused thee to be in disgrace (Eve to Lucifer), SR 1737 . C. fo chairib don chin `under blame for the crime' (of killing), Met. Dinds. iv 94.17 .

In chevilles: cadla in c.¤ , ZCP xii 245 § 6 . rád gan ch.¤ , Aided M. 908 . mó cach c.¤ , Met. Dinds. ii 32.73 . fiche bliadan a cóic cen chair, LL 15604 ( Trip. 538.24 ).

(c) Use in follg. not clear: nī bu cair Banchath Brígach, Thes. ii 327.17 ( Hy. v 5 ) `not dear (to her) was(?) vehement women's war'. im c.¤ feibe, Laws v 438.22 .i. im c.¤ na flatha, 440.4 Comm. (`what his dignity deserves'). c.¤ cail, O'Don. 512 ( H. 3. 17, 416 ). forcain nó forgab itir dá cair .i. biadh frithir itir domnach [i]nede ┐ cétain, O'Dav. 983 (? leg. cairche, Stokes). domun duthuin a lainde / comul c.¤ cét cuire `perishable gathering', Met. Dinds. i 28.2 . for fotla for c.¤ (fínd gaill, v.l.) for huill, IT iii 17 § 44 . dlighidh imreson edorgaire c.¤ , Ériu xiii 22.8 . c.¤ re tomeas gin ciol .i. brethem, ZCP v 485 § 4 (B. na f.). coire .i. cōi ūire .i. ūr cach n-om .i. gach n-indlighed, Corm Y. 399 .

1 caise

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 caise or dil.ie/7961

n , f. (cas)

(a) intricacy, crookedness : cuird co caisse `an intricate task', Met. Dinds. iii 396.3 . úire ar chríne 's ar ch.¤ `fresh vigour for age and stooping', A. Ó Dálaigh xxiii 3 = coise: loige, Measgra D. 76.9 . Of hair: méin ch.¤ 'n-a camchúl fhionn, DDána 49.10 . c.¤ a chiabh is glaise a shúl `curliness', Ériu xvi 195 § 5 . neimh-meirge is c.¤ 'na cúl `rippling', A. Ó Dálaigh xii 6 . c.¤ na c.¤ i ngach ruibe dá buidhe-chuachaibh, E. O'Rahilly 18.5 .

(b) In special application stream, rivulet : go c.¤ na H., Is. xxvii 12 . áit srotha leathuin ┐ chaiseadh, xxxiii 21 . seachnaid iasc grian-tsruith is c.¤ caoin ciúin `rivulet', E. O'Rahilly 30.11 .

In rivername, see Hog. Onom.

clad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. clad or dil.ie/9294

Forms: clod

n o, m. Also clod. Cf. claidid, claide. See Ériu xxii 191 .

(a) ditch, trench; also dyke, earthen rampart (the former is probably the earlier meaning. When associated with múr or doé the clad is the ditch from which the earth of the múr or doé has been excavated) surrounding a dwelling, monastery or graveyard; also as a boundary between estates or territories: cladh clodh m., IGT Decl. § 69 . `cladh . . . a bank, rampart', Eg. Gl. 136 . .uii. claid . . . na[d] dírenatar cinaid, cia robdait[h]er indib . . . c.¤ dúne, c.¤ cille, c.¤ f[e]irt, c.¤ usci t[h]airidne, c.¤ linne muilind, c.¤ fót[b]aig móna, c.¤ bís im droichet `seven ditches whose liabilities are not atoned for, whatever may have been drowned in them', Coibnes § 13 . in c.¤ asa tabar fodbach na mona .i. na cuiteda, n. 9 . c.¤ bis fás conid lína tóla[e] n-uisci, § 12 . rot, .i. bec, .i. im a mbi c.¤ Ramat, .i. mor, .i. im na bi c.¤ , Laws i 232.18 Comm. isedh is feichem eachtar criche ann fer tar crích trichat cét, gen co be acht in cladh etarru ┐ in fer agras, O'D. 666 ( H. 3.17, c. 487b ). ar cladh feruinn mbiudbuid, Laws i 290.x Comm. dul tar mur, no dar c.¤ na cilli, v 476.12 Comm. tir da randa flaith . . . a claetar poll .i. c.¤ .i. i claidter poll i[c] comraind in feraind, iv 8.6 Comm. fer . . . ind claid the ditcher, Mon. Tall. 133.14 (§ 16) . tuam (.i. c.¤), Corp. Gen. 18.14 . baí ar cūl in catha i clud ┐ a gilla ōsa chind, 403.30 . ní bíd c.¤ na hairbi na caissle im thír i nHére, LU 10568 . ro hadnacht . . . isin chlud imechtrach . . . rigratha Loegairi, 9817 . co tocba clod cechtar a da roth . . . con[id] slicht suachnid fri ed mbliadna, 8492 (H). noí cluid . . . / noí ndui na timchell nine ditches and nine ramparts, LL 3558 ( Met. Dinds. i 30.37 , cluidhe, v.l.). romaid . . . for Gallaib . . . ┐ ro scalit fo chladaib ┐ fo glentaigib, Cog. 76.10 . conacclaid múr n-Aillinne . . . Buirech . . . focerd asin clud in cloich fil indti, Dinds. 17 . ag déanamh cloidh timcheall a reilge, Keat. iii 1073 . Of a grave-mound: ó do claidhedh cladh úire / ar Ceithern, TBC St. 3729 .

G pl. as epithet: ar Cruachain na c.¤ , LL 10139 . rí Cera na c.¤ , MacCarthy 168 § 2 .

Also somet. of stone or partly of stone: mó na ail borb- chloche (sic leg.) i clud / cechtar a da glún, LL 29915 . tar chladhaibh clachísli camcharadh, CF² 1157 . cladh clach, Studies 1924, 244 § 20 .

Of the Roman walls in Britain: is leis doronad c.¤ Saxan a n-agaid na mbarbarda . . . ┐ ase ainm in claid sin . . . Guaul ┐ . . . c.¤ aile i nagaid Gaedeal . . . .i. C.¤ na Muice, Todd Nenn. 64. 1 - 4 and note.

C.¤ coicríche boundary ditch or dyke between territories: Conchobur . . . . / coilles cludu cocriche, Ält. Ir. Dicht. 17 § 14 . go mba lór do clod coicrice a slicht, RC xii 86 § 93 . teacht ar chiomhsaibh ar gcríche / d'fhéaghuin an chluidh choigcríche, Aithd.D. 39.8 . Fig. caistiall . . . robadh cladh coigcriche ┐ robadh cliath gabhála fri hUltaibh, Hugh Roe² 216.14 .

C.¤ comronna (-roinne) dividing dyke : cladh comronna . . . ōn Āth Cliath co chēile .i. Eisgir Riata, ML² 983 . luaithi dhó ag dol na choinde / ná bó tar chlodh comhroinde, IGT Decl. ex. 1523 . Cf. atá dá chéibh 'na gcludh ronna (of hair), Aithd. D. 28.34 .

(b) By extension of the waves of the sea: tar cladhuib troma tuirseacha na trethan, ML² 689 . Hence, of hair: re folt camlag cladh gcopdha, Magauran 1861 . do chéibh na ccladh mbraointe mbán, O'Hara 3285 .

Compds.

(a) With noun. a ghríobh chladhachuidh Chon- nocht, Aithd. D. 34.21 . craebhthonna cladhanfaidh cuip- gheala Clidhna, CF² 1329 . cloidhbhile míonabhla, Aithd. D. 4.6 . glaise it shúil cladh-chlaise id chéibh, Dán Dé xxix 21 . ¤-etrige (see etarche): ba sruth-aibne . . . cach clais ┐ cach c., MR 240.16 . ¤-eng (2 eng): fa chloidheangaibh síodha an chláir Chonallaigh, DDána 83.15 . cladfocal dá chelgbuain, Caithr. Thoirdh. 34.39 . red chladhfhalt gclaon, PBocht 2.7 . Donnchad an chladhfhuilt cíabhuigh, LL 396.15 . ? ¤-imbel: [Uí] Raghollaigh . . . / far ciadhímil gach Cathal, O'R. Poems 2578 . ¤-mala: co n-a clad-mailgib curad `promi- nent eyebrows', MR 180.11 . cladh-mhúir for lucht ghalar ngráineamhail (of burial customs), TSh. 5774 . ¤-ucht: óradh na gcladhocht um Dheirg ndalldamhaigh, DDána 83.21 .

(b) With Vn. aigmhéil dá bharr / béim súl ar chách re a chladhḟaicsin at seeing its undulations(?), DDána 114.8 .

(c) With adj. tonn chorrach . . . chladhanbhail . . . Chlíodh- na deep-troughed , ML 94.18 . i mmulluch Cerna chlaidard, LL 24166 . tar na ciséalaibh chladhardha (of the sea), RC xxix 110 § 2 . Eóghanacht Chaisil chladhcháoin, Caithr. CC 27.19 . caistiall clodhdaingen, Grail 3729 . camchúl cladh- dhlúth cadhblúb cruinnighthe cuach close-waving , Hackett xxxii 3 . a Crūachain cloidhḟinn, ZCP xiii 18.13 . go Dún gcloidhfhionn gCaoin, DDána 91.21 . nir sudhseat Caiseal cladhglas, BB 60b43 . san tigh . . . chlaidhréidh, DDána 119.3 . go Crūachain claidhreidh Connacht, Duan. Finn i 87.11 . go Cruachain clad-ruaid, Hy Fiachr. 178.z . ciabh chloidhshéimh, O'Hara 2910 . fonn claghshocair len cóir báidh, 3 . in Coraind chladhuaine, Acall. 7566 . co barr críchi claduair Cuind, LL 29733 . a chiabh chladhúr, Dánta Gr. 16.106 .

clochach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. clochach or dil.ie/9551

adj o, ā (cloch) stony, rocky : uir thar sliabh cairgeach c.¤ , BB 29a2 (= LL 779 ). inis c.¤ aimréidh, CCath. 1339 . a bhḟearann ch.¤ mar nach raibhe mórán uíre aige, Mathw. xiii 5.20 . ? cathair drochtheach drolmanach | i tír cloich- theachcarnanach, IT iii 89 § 109 . Cf. mun ráith gcuirr saorchlochaigh of wr ught stone(?), DDána 105.13 . h'fheilm órch. `of bejewelled gold' (Gloss.), O'R. Poems 115 . Fig. a clochaig `rock-like(?)', Ir. Lit. 6.y (clothaig, v.l.). beanfa mé an chroidhe c.¤ asa bhfeóil, Ezek. xi 19 .

coire

Cite this: eDIL s.v. coire or dil.ie/10386

Forms: choro, coireadha, chorae, choireadhaibh

n io [m., Críth Gabl.]. Cf. .x. c.¤ glossed saincenel claidibh, Ériu ii 3.12 . Also ca-, cu-. ?n s. in choro , Ériu v 40.1 . a p. coireadha, SG 28.12 . g p. chorae, LU 7425 . d p. ós choireadhaibh , O'R. Poems 185 . Cf. ZCP xxix 378 .

Cauldron, pot : c.¤ gl. hoc caldarium, Ir. Gl. 724 . imdell . . . itir c.¤ ┐ dabaig, O'Mulc. 740 . c.¤ .i. cōi ūire .i. úr cach n-om, Corm. Y 399 . na seacht core, Anecd. i 11.2 ( SCano 331 ). in c.¤ do bruith na n-om, LL 38339 ( SG 371. 2 ). dabach ┐ c.¤ on flaith fri dénam fleidi, O'D. 521 ( H. 3.17, 423 ). core co neim, LU 7714 ( BDD 129 ). caire umai hi talla(i) torcc, Críth Gabl. 197 . c.¤ cona inbiur(b), 174 . bla c.¤ combruth, Laws iii 266.3 . ní tuccad a chairi do thenid (of cauldron of Da Derga), LU 7771 ( BDD 133 ). trí coiri bíte in cach dúini: c.¤ érma, c.¤ goriath, c.¤ áiged, Triads 127 . fo drolmaig is fo ch.¤ , Ériu iv 98 § 26 . escraib cornaib caírib dabchaib deilg, IT iii 30.9 ( BB 301b40 ). teni fo a choiriu, Fing. R. 473 . coiri cæcdhuirnn, IT iii 187 § 8 . caire, losat ┐ criathar, Laws i 122.13 . in lind i c.¤ toll (prov.), Ériu ix 45 § 3 . díoth cruidh c.¤ Tomás `devourers of wealth are the cauldrons of T.', Magauran 3524 . maith an chuire 's a chéad torc (: duine), DDána 42.42 .

With added description of size, value etc. (see Thurn. ZCP xiv 358 ; Hull xviii 296 n.4 ) (where name of an animal follows it is uncertain whether this indicates value or size, but cf. Críth Gabl. 197 cited above): caire Iulaice lan do lemnacht, ZCP xiv 356.1 ( Laws ii 254.2 .i. is fiu lulgaid, 15 ). méit chori cholbthaige, LU 6952 ( BDD 58 ). commeit chori cholbthaigi, 3262 ( SC 5 ). ba mmóir choire ṅ-darta `kettle of a heifer', ZCP xviii 296.5 . coire cert ocht fichet torc (in house of Mac Ind Óc), viii 108.16 . Of an ordeal: in caire fira cauldron of testing, Laws v 472.22 Comm. fir fora nascar fir caire `test of the caldron', i 194.23 . Cori Fir, IT iii 188 § 11 . naidm caire chombrothaigh, Ériu xiii 34.15 . cranncor sceo caire cainndlige . . . an caire ada do reir coir, in c.¤ fira, O'C. 2587 ( Eg. 88, 49(50)d ). ? Cf. gabhthar geall . . . / re cnáimh c.¤ , DDána 111.25 . Of collecting-pot of poets: c.¤ acu .i. coiri gacha clére díb. Coire Sainti a ainm, RC xx 422.14 - 6 . C.¤ ainsic see ainsic. c.¤ amaite, see ammait. c.¤ féile cauldron of plenty : boí c.¤ fēile la Laigniu, Buchat a ainm (applied to person), Fing. R. 472 = brughaidh . . . do choimhéadadh c.¤ féile ar theinidh, Keat. ii 4683 . in caire flatha `regal cauldron', MR 50.9 . Of mythical Cauldron of Plenty: coiri an Dagdai, RC xii 58.1 .

Whirlpool : cuire cróderg cubrach (of bloody river), Fianaig. 90.20 . rosbaidh coiri serb na sín (of Coire Breccáin), Ériu x 80 § 43 . imchore nandrúagh, IT iii 46 § 73 . caire cuairt-bill `whirl-pool', Laws v 298.17 Comm. In n. loc. C.¤ mBreccáin, Dinds. 145 . C.¤ Brecāin, Corm. Y 323 . Murchad M. / . . . / ērge C.¤ / Breccāin `who rises like B.'s . . . whirlpool', Misc. Hib. 46.5 ( BB 289b49 ). Cf. Reeves Ad. 29 n. Coire mBrecain, Dinds. 145 ( RC xvi 157 ).

díupa

Cite this: eDIL s.v. díupa or dil.ie/16989

[io,n.] vn. formation from *dí-uss-ben- (see díupanar) breaking, cutting, digging: diupa lainde, IT iii 21 (ledradh laindi, v.l.) = dipa lainne, 48 . Dubgilla . . . sluindfe dún diupa deinne | do chungid leinne glaisse, LL 193b35 (cf. Oss. v 258 ). im diubu n-uire `for digging a churchyard' (expld. as: i n-adbulteipi na huire), Laws i 202 . im diubai di thire `for breaking thy land', 162 (.i. im smacht do mona, 164 ). fochmad .i. cumscughud nó diubad, O'Dav. 926 . See also under díubach, díobtha.

dris

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dris or dil.ie/18719

Forms: dres, dris, driss

n i,f. In later lang. also dres, ā,f. dris f., IGT Decl. § 42 . bramble, briar, thorn-bush: driss gl. vepres, Sg. 47a8 , 70b1 . d.¤ gl. rubus, 65a10 . d.¤ gl. dumus (tomús, MS.), Ir. Gl. 587 . d.¤ .i. der-uis .i. derōil ┐ uis, Corm. Y 475 . Classed among the losa feada (`bramble trees'), Laws iv 148.1 . narab tene dhuit in d.¤ , Mélusine iv 298.39 . crom feda déin d.¤ , SG 245.30 . drisiuc .i. inti is d.¤ ar letarthaighi, O'Dav. 724 . dreas deilgne `a prickling brier', Ezek. xxviii 24 . oc losgud drisi, Ériu ii 229 § 1 . luaith drisi uire , 24 B 3, 91.27 . a náit na dreise tiocfaidh an crann mirtail aníos, Isa. lv 13 . do theigéamhadh i nd.¤ , TSh. 10421 . drisi inna senchomrorcan, Ml. 2a6 . draigin drisi delgnacha, Ériu vii 2.16 . a ndrisi ┐ a ndraigne do beim dib, Laws i 128.8 Comm. drisi is truim is traghnadha | a n-oighridha co bráth, Laud 615, 199 . droigni is drisi rom- c[h]oirb, Buile S. 108 § 54 . dreasa is droighin gut rébadh, 48 § 32 . a duille, a dreasa, a dercoinn, 110 § 54. dresa dil- gnecha lán do smēraib, RC xxvi 160 § 46 . clandaigfead in talam dit spine ┐ drise delglecha, Lec. 530b8 . fásfuidh aníos drise ┐ dosáin, Isa. v 6 . muine dresa a bramble brake, Lism. L. 2607 . motharmhuine móirdreasa a dense thicket of great briar(s), Buile S. 24.1 . maethain drissi, 23 Q 5, 48.16 . maetan dresa, 24 B 3, 98.30 . ac réidiugad dres ┐ draighen, SG 35.42 . co facadur drisi imdha ┐ muinedha na hinnsi lán do smeraibh, KMMisc. 317.8 . minic mé a lāim acc dreasaibh, KMMisc. 352.29 . do thuit cuid oile don tsíol idir na dreasaibh (= inter spinas), TSh. 10471 . ata brig disgailtech isna smeraib fasus ar na drisibh, 23 O 23, 30a3 .

Compd. na dairge mur drestorthaibh acorns (as plentiful) as blackberries, ZCP ii 349.12 .

fén

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fén or dil.ie/21598

Forms: fén, feóin, féin

n o,m.

(a) a waggon, cart, conveyance of some kind: fén (gl. plaustrum) Sg 21a4 . á .i. fēn no carr no carpat, Corm. Y 70 . f.¤ .i. carr no cairt, O'Cl. fén gac[h] feiretrom, Met. Gl., Eg. 15 . is cumma no cinged ... ┐ nochessed f.¤ dar crínach BDD 41 . is fen for mentae .i. morchumus for becpersain a wain on small birds (?) O'Mulc. 752 . co tucsat hi f.¤ ind arc SR 5457 ( 1 Reg. vi ). dā dam allaid ... co fhen etarru ┐ in corp and, Trip. 486.23 . g s. aire feóin a wain-load TBC 2092. 2240 . pl. féin (feoin v.l.), CCath. 1796 (= plaustra Phars. iii 451 ). feoin ... do innell fó na longaibh 1402 . ic fogluasacht na fén 1818 . aire coícat fén LU 6005 . tarthúd úire for fénaib, Met. Dinds. iii 194.7 . tenmnedach na damraide fana fenaib LL 304a46 ( Bóroma 106 ).

(b) in follg. exx. fén seems to denote some part of a chariot or its appurtenances : ro suidiged in carpat sin for dá n-echaib ... fo grinnib áillib a ḟén LU 6489 . carpat ... for dib echaib ... ma grindib āllib a ḟēn TBC² 2334 ; aen = a [ḟ]ēn 2557 .

See fénae.

? 4 fuit, fuít

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? 4 fuit, fuít or dil.ie/24925

Forms: fuit

ind see below) : comaine o cach dibh da ceile .i. an foid ingaire, Laws iii 16.20 ( SM Facs. 47a marg. sin. ) = in fait in gaire `in Länge oder in Kürze' Cóic Conara, H § 106 . fuit ingairi .i. mas ar chomain tuc ... a seotu ma ra achtaighedh commain airiti do is a bith do, Rawl. B 506, f. 53 ( O'D. 2417 ). atait tri hingairi ... la Feini .i. lamingairi ┐ belingairi ┐ faidingairi ... faid ingairi disce fuillme do boing bunad fiach, O'C. 1865 ( 23 P 3, 20b ). ceartaithgin a set d ic ris amail ata isin faidingaire O'C. 1866 (= Cóic Conara H 107 ). arísidi in faidingaire ┐ nocha nfuil ní dó acht ceartaithgin a set cena ib. fuitingaire disce fuillema .i. an inguire fuides nech cen treb uire .i. an ingaire fuides uadha ar comain ┐ nir achtaig comain airithe na comain do reir dligid , H 3.17, 556 ( O'D. 774 ).

This last ex. suggests that fuit (fait, etc.) in this phrase is not, as Thurneysen thought ( Cóic Conara p.75 ), gs. of fot `length', but vn. of foídid `sends' (see foít), and here an adj. pref. See ingaire.

immaircid, immairchid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. immaircid, immairchid or dil.ie/27674

Forms: imairchthe

v i (? a by-form of imchraid in- fluenced by imm-airicc) bears, carries: is he immaircess in- tere-si co spirutalda, PH 7353. in lucht is uallcha do imaircc a n-éidedh acu co hinadh na fraechimresna, Caithr. Thoirdh. 126.21 . roimaircedur san imad úire for na lecaib loma, Ériu viii 8.13 . do imaircedar (do imair(cuir)edar (cuir man. rec.), MS. ; iumarcset, do imcradar, v.ll.) as sin é, Caithr. Cellaig 621. ar crandaib a sleag ro himairchead hé, 67 . do himairgead hē, 111 . ro himairced (sic leg.) ar mēis lethain in ceand, ZCP xiv 150.6 . Fig. fóireadh m' fhorraoin ... ar an éigsi iomairchim because of the poetic art which I bear (?), Irish Review 1913, 624 § 15 . g s. of vn. ? (cf. ZCP ix 341 , where Ó Maille takes imairchthe to be the same word as immirge) : dá ghilla imairchthe fithchle Find `two bearers of Fionn's chessboard,' Acall. 1337.

5 leo

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 5 leo or dil.ie/29939

ind Miserion [leg. Mezereon] .i. laúiri (leg. l.¤ úire, Ed.), Arch. i 326 § 34 (Med. Gl.).

mara

Cite this: eDIL s.v. mara or dil.ie/31562

subst. pl.? fu m.¤ fo chara Cáer, Corm. Y 698 (p. 59) = fo m.¤ , Corm. p. 24 s.v. gaire, where it is glossed .i. fo múraib úire imarda.

oll

Cite this: eDIL s.v. oll or dil.ie/33804

Forms: óll

adj o,ā. great, ample ; cognate with ol `beyond', cf. ind-oll, gl. ultra, Sg. 220a6 (see 1 ol). The primary sense seems that of extension (gl. Lat. amplus, Ml. 20a3 , 92a9 ), but it is widely used to denote magnitude in general, of size, quantity, degree, etc. In positive degree not common as pred., and as attrib. used more often before the subst. forming a compd. than after it. Very common in compar., where the orig. sense of transcending a certain limit (size, number, etc.) often comes out. óll, gl. [requiem] amplam, Ml. 20a3 . oll gach ní as mór, Met. Gl. Ff. 6. oll .i. mor, O'Dav. 1314. O'Cl. ionann o.¤ is mór, Keat. ii 2114. With pred.: ? is o.¤ ar nert, TBC2 3280 (= is ald ar nirt a rock in strength, TBC 5383 ). o.¤ a sāith don ord ḟiledh | tar gach gcined d'ḟōir fuinidh (i.e. they above any other tribe of Ireland gave ample bounty to the poets), Sits 1919 v 92 § 14 . senchas nad o.¤ , Rawl. 88b25 . ba holl cuirp big of body, BNnÉ 328 § 59. As attrib.: scabel oll a great cauldron, Laws i 134.1 Comm. cubat n-oll, Auraic. 5664 . tarlaic Oscur irchur n-oll a far cast, IT i 158.5 ( LL 154b1 ). fo tuinn uill ūire the vast surface of the earth, ZCP vi 265 § 19. pl. ada olla `great privileges', Met. Dinds. iii 18.233 . allmaire set .i. na seta olla morda, Laws v 412.30 Comm. (etym. gl.). bá-sa inón bíasta n-oll, LU 2999.

Of persons prob. in fig. sense: Aed oll fri andud n-āne `great at kindling of radiance', Thes. ii 295.2 ( SP v 1 ). ben Ádhaimh uill, Ériu iii 148 § 1. fīr gach Goidil glan-uill, Arch. iii 303 § 4 . pl. airigh uill, Keat. i 222.42 (poem). errid uill, ZCP xi 108 § 4. tuarustal tri n-uirrigh n-oll, ZCP viii 116 § 14 . imon caocca n-inghen n-oll, Leb. Gab. i 12.17 . ic rígaib allib hErend `noble', Met. Dinds. iii 170.52 (for form cf. ii 78.12 ). (with prosthetic f) in fer foll, Fen. 226.15 (see Stokes Met. Gl. p. 100 ). Prob. fig. also in follg.: fon eclais n-uill, BColm. 98.31 . i nhErind uill, LL 8b18 .

Used as subst.: dar o.¤ in mara `the great surface of sea', Laws i 142.12 Comm. , cf. O'Dav. 501 and 927 (gl. allmuire in all cases). cathchris . . . ó chond a lessi co holl a ochsaille (i.e. from hip to shoulder), LL 189a47 , cf. cathchriss . . . co tiug a oxaille, TBC 2562.

As adv.: intí ro charus co holl whom I greatly loved, SC 45 ( LU 3997 ). co holl, Met. Dinds. iii 428.29 .

compar. huilliu oínsillaib, gl. supra syllabam, Sg. 70a6 . is huilliu in trocaire oldatae ar n-airilltin-ni (= merita excedens nostra), Ml. 131a6 . nicon ru-accobras ní bed uilliu indaas rond-boí m'ingnae (= quae mediocritatis meae modulum excederent), 136b7 . it uilliu inna mmai[ni] . . . indatae in dánai, 43d18 . oillu oldate cóic cét fer (plus quam quingentis), Wb. 13b2 . ochtmoga taighi no ni is uilliu eighty houses or more, AU ii 140.11 , cf. 126.20 . cúicc cētt no ní as uille dona Gallaibh, FM iii 26.4 . ní bai for Affraic . . . ri bad uilliu ferann inās who had more territory, CCath. 3017. Folld. by partitive DE: ni bed uilliu . . . di fochaid any more tribulation, Ml. 54b30 . ni dingenta-sa ní budh uilli do goil thou wouldst do no more feats of valour, ZCP vi 34.5 . With prosthetic f: ni fulliu serc a mmac la doíne . . . andas do serc-so lim-sa, LU 1680 ( RC ix 456.11 ). airimh is fuilliu anda coit, Auraic. 1452 = is uille, 3063 . uilliu fit na n-opreoire the workmen's ration is larger, ZCP xiii 27.24 (fuilliu v.l.). With -de: uilliti he in dā sreith do bet[h] air `longer from having two parts', Laws i 138.35 Comm. co mbad ḟuillite a gráin, Met. Dinds. iv 328.20 ( LL 193b2 ). As adv.: cor pianad he ni bud ulli oldait a braithre, PH 6648. na ro thraetha nech a chorp andaas is uilliu téchta more than is meet, 5978 (rectius ní as uilliu andaas téchta). bí ar mo chuid ní as uille ná mar iarrmuid beyond what I ask, Dán Dé i 3.

superl. ? rí tuathe, . . . rí, rígruire . . . ollom huas cach cóe highest, ZCP v 499 § 8. in chuid rob uilli d'Ard Macha, RC xviii 13.15 . aonfher rob uille nert a nErinn, ZCP xiii 199.17 . dreach is uille bladh `mightiest in fame', Studies 1921, 589 § 10 . Adv. do shaor-chlannuibh Gaoidheal . . . do bhiodh anas uille ara n-aire do ionchoimheud (whose records) they were most solicitous to preserve, MS. Mat. 581.39 (D. MacFirbisigh).

Compds.

(a) with subst. in sense vast, great , occas. forming a stable compd.: ¤alt: mathe fer n-Ol n-écmacht n-ollalt `of great adventures', Arch. Hib. ii 74 § 56 ( LL 184a55 ), cf. cona ollaltaib, LU 4333. ¤ār .i. ár oll .i. ár mór, O'Cl. (etym. gl. on river-name Ollar). ¤arbhar .i. sluagh mór, O'Cl. (gl. on river-name Ollarbha). ¤athach .i. naimhdheanus mór, O'Cl. ¤athair, sobriquet of the Dagda: Eochaid Ollathair, Cóir Anm. 151. Eochu O., LL 127b3 . ¤band `great exploit', Arch. Hib. ii 60 § 22 ( LL 182b48 ). ¤bairdne (one of the four divi- sions of `bairdne'), IT iii 6.17 (-bairdni), 23.10 . ¤bine `great crime', RC xv 294.18 ( Dinds. 5 , explanation of name Inber n-Ailbine). ¤blad great fame : gním fri o., SR 3323. co n-ollbladaib, 459 . ós Elga ollblaid, Met. Dinds. iii 112.26 . ¤breccad (name of a metre), IT iii 76 § 41. ¤bríg, SC 41 ( LU 3904 ). ¤chéssad `great suffering', Fél. Dec. 2. ¤chóiced a great fifth , (a) one of the major provinces of Ireland (common and stereotyped): cethri ollchoíceda Hérend, CRR 3. oc c(r)ethri ollchoecedaib Herend, LU 3437 ( SC 21 ). opair cethri ollchoiced ṅhErenn, TBC 122. (b) the fifth day of the moon? mar ēsca 'na ollchuigeadh, MR 186.26 ; cf. 106.14 . ¤chosnam great contention: bó fri hUlath n-ollchosnam, Studia Celtica Upsaliensia ii 61 § 6 (Conailla Medb míchuru) . ¤c[h]uma `great carnage', CF 776. ¤dam a great ox: of a hero, Rawl. 116c14 = Ält.Ir.Dicht. i 17.5 , where Meyer emends: Ollam, taking it as npr. ¤dám a great company: mór in o. óenmuicce, Met. Dinds. iv 196.24 (i.e. great was the company which assembled to feast on a single pig), cf. IT i 109.8 and ZCP ii 37.8 . ¤domun the great world: foth slóig olldomuin 'the equivalent of the host of the great world' Ériu lii 76, 83 . sīr methraī oldomun, Corp. Gen. 2 (Rawl. 115 a 33) . oldomun crīch Crothomuin, ibid. (Rawl. 115 a 47) . ¤geis: secht n-ailgeasa . . . .i. secht n-ollgeisi major prohibitions, Laws v 352.2 . ¤grád, SR 628 (of a rank of the celestial hierarchy). Mannasse milib olgrád, 4446 . Maolumha ind ollgráidh `of great dignity', FM i 250 (poem). ¤gus, Arch. Hib. ii 60 § 18 ( LL 182b40 ). ¤imbresan: g p. uall ollimresan, SC 41 ( LU 3904 ). ¤maisse great beauty: for dath n-órda n-o., BDD 100 e . ¤muir, Fél. Feb. 17. ¤nia .i. trēnfer, Lism.L. 317.20 . ¤oígi a great guest or visitor : ollaighe boi at' urbruinde, Ériu i 122.26 (hymn to the Virgin Mary). ¤piast: oillphiast, TSh. 6622. ódchí an oilphéisd, TD i 36 (see note ii 193 ). ¤trían a great third (cf. ollchoíced): o. Gaedel `the third part and upwards of the Gaels', MR 186.16 . go n-o. in ríghthoighe, Ériu viii 135.12 .

(b) with adj., with advbl. force: ¤adbal: delg . . . olladbol, BDD 100 g. i n-aonach olladbul TBC 5449 St. ¤asndisse declared emphatically (gl. emphaticus), Ml. 40b7 . ¤brass: os inis . . . ocēin ollbrais, Anecd. i 55 § 39. ¤étig, LL 27b45 . ¤forbthe: āirim o. `a quite perfect number', Auraic. 1447 (distinguished from á. anforbthe ┐ á. forbthe) = nuimir oullforpthi, 3056 . ¤gorm: for Eithni n-ollghuirm, IT iii 72 § 28 = Bruchst. i § 40 (`die glorreiche E.'). macc Echach ollguirm `brilliant', Arch. Hib. ii 60 § 20 ( LL 182b44 ). ¤mass `exceeding fair', Met. Dinds. ii 66.9 . cosin n-aeb ollmais, LL 288 marg. inf. ¤mór ( ¤már): rí co n-allodaib ol[l]már, SR 6762 . la sluagh n-ollmár, Arch. iii 298 § 66. ¤múad: ar buide n-Iuda n-ollmúad, SR 6574.

(c) adj. derived from noun compounded with oll: ¤bladach: Oisín o., Acall. 740. coiced o. Ulad, 2817 . Ulaid ollbladacha, TBC 1032. ¤brígach: ind o. (of Emer), FB 68. ¤buidnech possessing great troops: Comar o. na tri n-uisci, Acall. 2629. ¤chruthach: Una Ollchruthach, The Kingship and Landscape of Tara 229 . ¤dóitech big-fisted: g s m. (as sobriquet) Olldóitig [sic leg.], Met. Dinds. iii 70.68 (see note). ¤gothach: Gede O., LL 128a6 ( MacCarthy 166 § 1 ), cf. Cóir Anm. 247. rigraid Ailig ollghothach, MR 188.1 .

(d) exceptionally with vb.: iathu Ailbhi ollghebhaidh `he shall mightily obtain', BR 202.9 ( BB 278a41 ).

othan

Cite this: eDIL s.v. othan or dil.ie/34107

n f. a word of obscure meaning, found in poetic and cryptic lang., perh. stone, (? clay, soil) or burial-chamber, grave? ? otan, uait rugad a ḟot (ḟót?), Corm. Y 1034. Esp. in g s. in the expression: adba othna, a kenning for `grave': adba othna .i. adba huath-uinne .i. uath ūir ┐ ond cloch .i. adba uire ┐ cloiche, Corm. Y 80 = adba othnoe, Corm. p. 5 ; cf. O'Dav. 1323 (othna). na hí bíte fri handgaibh | foce[i]rd i n-adhboidh n-othna he casts into the grave (?), Sits 1919 v 93 § 24 . i n[adbai] n-othrai [leg. n-othnai], RC xxvi 26 § 94 (.i. i n-adbai uath-uinni, LL 187b31 ). etir othain ┐ acenn (achend v.l.), ib. § 95 , glossed .i. itir in cainnell ┐ in tine between the torch and the fire, O'Dav. 1323 ; eter in n-adnacul ┐ in mesrugud, LL 187b33 ; between the grave and the fire [of Doom]?

The (same?) word is found in place-names: abbas Othnae Mōre, AU 773 (place near Fahan, Co. Donegal). Muru Othna more, LL 347c43 . i nOthain mbic, Rawl. 92c51 . for Oithin bicc, AU 717 ; see Hogan Onom. s.v. Othain .

ruiben

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ruiben or dil.ie/35709

v stays, abides, remains, endures ? (a compd. of ro- and ben- (fen-) used as a suppletive for subst. vb.?) ruib .i. tuilled, ut est ní torc ruchtach ruiben i cru isil uirc .i. nocha tuillenn in torc . . . i cru in uirisil [leg. uire ísil?], O'Dav. 1368 ; i.e. the boar does not remain in (? fit into) the lowly pig's sty? Stokes translates `grows' (cf. ro-geinn?). rub .i. tairisium, ut est ar ní recht righ na ríghan ruban i n-airlisibh airech .i. nochor bī ann no nocha ro tairisind eneclann don righ nó don righain, 1367 . ni racht righ nā righna ruibhen .i. noco ruibend, no nocha ro-thairisi and in enech don righ na don righain ona hathachaib[h] bit ac flaith dia tuaith fein, H. 3. 18 p. 284 ( O'C. 569 ). nirsat rig nā rigan ruiben .i. nocho ruibhann, no nocho ro tairisenn in eneclann don rig no don riga[i]n o na hathachaib bit ac fognam dia tuaith fein .i. nocho tuillenn, no nocho fuilgenn, H. 4.22 p. 15 ( O'C. 1970 ). The meaning seems to be that under specified circumstances a king's honour-price does not remain, is no longer due (?) from his vassals.

In the follg. exx. from the Bretha Crólige ruidenn seems = ruibenn, ruiben: sirechtach tuile .i. duine nac[h] ruidenn a n-imill lepta `a lustful longer (?), a person who cannot stay in the edge of his bed (?)', Ériu xii 10 § 8 . duine nach ruidenn ar enmnai, 24 § 29 gl. 2 (i.e. a man who cannot stay [content] with one woman).

Cf. o thoroscet con ruibnet hi rrath la nech dia n-ernaiter, H. 3.18, 382b ( O'C. 838 ); of pigs, gl. on the legal maxim: atait secht ratha eirnither la Feine . . . mucu gu secht mbliadnu fichet, Laws v 220 . Cf. prec.

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