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ad-gair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-gair or dil.ie/453
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: ad-gaur, adgair, adgair, -acair, atgairith, adgairet, -acrait, adgairther, -agarthar, -acarthar, -acarar, -agartar, -acair, ad-gaura, -acrai, -aigera, -aicerat, -aigérthar, ad-gérad, adobragart, adrograd, agartha, acrae, acraid

v ( Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 533 ). Forms: Indic. pres. 1 s. ad-gaur, Thes. ii 228.30 (PCr.). adgairim, LU 10289 . 2 s. adgair, Laws ii 118.24 . 3 s. adgair, Laws v 100.21 . -acair, Laws i 102.x . 2 pl. atgairith, Wb. 9c22 . 3 pl. adgairet, O'Dav. 136 . -acrait, Laws v 118.10 . Pass. sg. adgairther, Críth G. 61 . -agarthar, Cóic Con. 29 § 12 . -acarthar, Ériu xvi 181 § 20 . -acarar, Ériu ii 206 § 26 . Pl. -agartar, Cóic Con. 29 § 12 . Ipv. 2 s. -acair, KMMisc. 262.13 . Subj. pres. 3 s. ad-gaura (ad-gara v.l.), Anecd. iii 26.6 . -acrai (acro, v.l.), 22.22 . Fut. 3 s. -aigera, Laws i 272.11 Comm. 3 pl. -aicerat, Laws i 116.26 Comm. Pass. sg. -aigérthar, MR 294.2 . Condit. 3 s. ad-gérad, Ériu xvii 70 § 13 . ( Laws iv 220.7 ). Perf. 3 s. adobragart, Wb. 19b5 . Pass. sg. adrograd, Wb. 3c22 .

Verbal of necess. agartha, O'D. 546 (H 3.17, 436).

Vn. acrae.

Later as simple vb. acraid. IGT Verbs § 47 .

(a) adgaur no duttluchur gl. conuenio, Thes. ii 228.30 ( PCr. 60a5 ). adgairim firu chóicid Chonchobair immá rig, LU 10289 . is and adragart Sencha . . . ``na curid cor díb'' or se called out(?), IT i 67.9 . adrograd cath uadib impu battle was offered(?), LL 22531 ( Dinds. 158 ). doberthar in cath acruim `the battle will be fought which I proclaim', Fen. 376.19 .

(b) sues, prosecutes, impleads, accuses: ní dilgaid a n-ancride dogníther frib act atgairith `but ye complain of it (i.e. make it a cause of action)', Wb. 9c22 . sech ni acrathar ni tacrathar `neither suit nor levy is made against them' Ériu xvi 181 § 20 . deoraid bis for snadugh ni acuir ni acurthur i.e. he has no ordinary legal status O'D. 48 (H 3.17, c.43). fer adgair ┐ adgairther, Triads 161 . ni agarur nach cintuch acht do roith logh fiach adroillithur, Laws ii 14.y . ni agraid filidh acht fioruibh fer fatha, Ériu xiii 17.26 . a[i]r ad-gérad cách di threbairi mani dénta[e] ruidles de `for everyone would sue on the ground of the owner's responsibility', Ériu xvii 70 § 13 ( Laws iv 220.7 ). is co nog-dire . . . atgairter `it is impleaded with full díre', Ériu xii 83.23 . nach coimdedh beas mo logh ne[i]ch adgair fri hinbleoghuin of that which he claims against the surety-kinsman, Laws ii 14.19 . in file . . . acras in mhed na dlighenn, i 58.17 Comm. is e in lin coibdelach acerus in rath, ii 208.25 . curub grad sechta ac aidbred a sét ac duine is isli inás ┐ curab nech ni adagara, O'D. 1632 (H 5.15, 17). is ed adgair o rigaib `this is what he sues from kings', Laws v 100.21 . ite cealla ind-so o nach acrait airchindig a leasa, inge ma deoru De atgaru uadaib ar etgo i n-eclais De, 118.10 . rohagrad Cúchulaind annsin ó Ultaib C. was then sued by the Ulstermen, Ériu i 126.1 . re foraithmet na fala ro haccradh etorra that was a matter of dispute AFM vi 2266.6 . aigeóraidh sé an domhan, John xvi 8 . dá n-agra coir 'n-ar gcoinne / tagra ni fhoil agoinn-ne if thou urgest sin against us, DDána 25.4 . . . . dá ngéar-agra / an troigh 'san taobh `if Thou bringest against me the wounding of Thy foot and side', Dán Dé xvi 15 . d'éigsibh Éireann is anait / ionnmhus dā n-agraid Bréithnigh if the men of B. should demand wealth, O'R. Poems 2054 . agrais Muire . . . / mar nar dhiúlt dí o thosach he implored Mary, A. Ó Dálaigh l 28 .

(c) Various: adobragart gl. [quis] uos fascinauit [non obedire ueritati], Wb. 19b5 . ( Galatians iii 1 ) leg. fascenauit 'he [the Devil] has seduced you ' Ogma 239 , 'bewitched' LOIG 39 . In phrases, a.¤ x imm y sues x for y: mas a naenfecht ro hacrad he im fiach a laime, Laws iii114.z . créad an chóir . . . fa n-aguir inis Alban, TD 24.4 . a.¤ x i(n-) y: nech donair for imdecht . . . cén mbes sorchu al-lá ní hacarar ind he is not sued for it, Ériu ii 206 § 26 . ná hagair inn sa gcánaidh, DDána 24.24 . do agradaois a ghaol isan gcion `they would sue his kin for the crime', Keat. i 68.16 . agraim ad ghealladh thú I earnestly beseech you in virtue of your promise, Mac Aingil 320 . aigéoram in gach gellad dibh-sin é, BCC 116.33 . a.¤ x for y sues y in the matter of x: sechipe tra adgaura in cain-si in domnaig gid fora athuir, Anecd. iii 26.6 . co nderna cert frit do neoch adgair fair `in what thou suest him for', Laws ii 118.24 . ni acuir in fechiumh for in cintuch in aithghin, 16.9 Comm. ná hacair for cill (chill v.l.) `do not sue the clergy', KMMisc. 262 § 15 . nī ba hē cētní aicēras demon form-sa īar n-dul anúnd, MacCongl. 25.3 . in adbaid a naigérthar uirre a h-uilc (of the soul) MR 294.2 . ni h-anagra acht fir flatha agairther oirne, 160.11 . mairg ar a n-aigeora a ḟuil, Aithd. D. 68.12 . agraigh sé orra a choingheall `forces his terms upon them', Content. v 102 . agrais E. . . . / a chunnradh ar Coin gCuluinn, DDána 82.24 . do agair a fhīch ┐ a aimréir ar Ulltaibh vented his anger on, ML² 1199 . mun agaradh a fhuaith ar bhoin `unless he vented his hatred on a cow', Ó Bruad. iii 170.12 . looks after, tends (cf. ar-gair): i tig fir adgair búar maige Tethrai, Comp. CC 26 § 17 . ni tualaing ben ro-ria ni sech oen a cenn: ada-gair a athair i-mbe (leg. mbi) ingen . . . ada-gairet a mme[i]cc i-mbi be clainne .i. urgairid a athair hi ínas (leg. anas) ingen do hi her father looks after her when she is a maiden (un married), Ir. Recht 35 § 38 . forbids, prevents: rafetarsa as peccad comaccobor hore adrograd gl. nam concupiscentiam nesciebam nisi lex diceret: non concupisces ( Romans vii 7 ), `I know that concupiscence is sin because it has been forbidden', Wb. 3c22 . adgairet .i. urgairet, ut est dechmada ┐ primiti ┐ almsana argairet ré cuaird dunebath i.e. tithes etc. prevent the plague, O'Dav. 136 .

aidlesc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aidlesc or dil.ie/889

Forms: aimlesc

adj o, ā (ad + lesc. Later aimlesc, O'Rahilly, Celtica i 338 ). loath, reluctant: adlesc-som . . . do dhul i ndíthrub, PH 4743 . na bi aidleasg fa anmain be not loath to stay, Ériu xi 197.5 . ger bho haidlescc leó . . . imscaradh do bith etorra, Hugh Roe 52.21 (fo. 14b) . ní liom nach aidhleasg éirghe / i n-ionam na hIairmhéirghe, Dán Dé iv 15 . ba haimlesc ┐ ba himnár leis na braithribh . . . im[ḟ]orrán catha atarru féin, CCath. 2294 . leasg amleasg sind gu Áth Cliath . . . is dian is mall m'imthecht, ZCP viii 229 § 1 (where a.¤ has its proper sense of ` un-reluctant, willing, eager ', O'Rahilly loc. cit.). Note also: in crand cnūasadlescbog gentle, pleasant(?) (but text doubtful), ACL iii 307 § 21 . Adv. mur a nglacthar go haimhleisg epistil S. Seim (i.e. is grudgingly admitted as canonical), Luc. Fid. 279.17 .

n As subst. biaidh an taimhleasg fa dhuibhchios, Proverbs xii 24 .

ainchrístamail

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ainchrístamail or dil.ie/1209

Forms: ainchríostamhuil

adj (crístamail): ainchríostamhuil un-christian , Párl. na mB. 3628 .

aindía

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aindía or dil.ie/1227
Last Revised: 2013

n (2 día)

(a) idol(?): tabraidh . . . lamhdhia cugaibh . . . isi comairle tug andi doibh, BB 22a30 . ni fidir andhia cuin do raghadh an diliu, 32 . Leg. a ndia?

(b) inferior god(?), un-god, non-god (?) BBCS xxxix 37-38 , LEIA D-64 , cf. Études Celt. xvi 143-44 . In this meaning only in pl. Tuath Dea . . . dee in t-aes dána andei im̄ in t-aes trebtha, LL 1058 , cf. 9552 ( TBC-LL¹ 2419 ). is dibside Tuatha Dee ┐ Ande, LU 1344 .

1 al

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 al or dil.ie/2852

Forms: ol, oll, all, ala, allae

Also ol, prep. folld. by accus. Earliest form presumably oll, later all, GOI § 825 . See also KZ xliv 375 , Ériu ii 87 - 8 . Also written ala, etc. Follg. mutation doubtful, see Celtica v 98 f. Appar. with demonstr. in olse, ibid. 95 ff. , see 6 ol. See also olṡuide, 1 suide. With suff. pron. 3 s. n. allae, see separate article.

Beyond. Cf. ind-oll gl. ultra, Sg. 220a6 (earlier form of innonn? Cf. GOI § 825 ). a.¤ gl. ultra (definitum), 217b14 . cath na Luacrai all Maig (sic) Slecht, ZCP xx 222.27 . midtir oim fri uatha almna almaca (almnai almacu v.l.) (rhet.), ZCP viii 565.1 ( Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. 57 ). mairg d'Ulltaib madh ala Bóinn beid, Ériu xiii 20.5 (leg. al B., Celtica vi 226 ). ránic axalu la arbriu archangliu, LU 687 (ACC) to be read: roānic axal / ul(a) airbriu, Celtica vi 243 n.5 . ? crion cách ala methus melctheme, Ériu xiii 20.4 . Cf. p. 220 and O'Dav. 1228 . Perh. also (written ala) in the formulae in Irish Texts iv 14-15 , e.g. fir chometa co ala ait ochtmad, etc. (cf. 1 aile?). In etymological explanations: Almu .i. almóin .i. fri moin aniar, RC xv 308 . allaid .i. al-fid .i. ala[i] ri fid (sic leg.) on the other side of the wood, Corm. Y 298 . mag alcuing ... ar cuing a da cich dar derc a lened ... ┐ is friss conerbart mag alcuing, ZCP iii 245 § 52 (Tochm. Emire) (cf. alchaing).

Obsolescent even in O. Ir. period, and somet. confused with other prepp. For dar in: ac toidecht dam all muir móir, Ériu ii 88.4 = dar muir, Anecd. i 26 § 15 . ? For ar in n. loc. Síd al (ar, fer) Femen (-in, -un), Heldensage 62 etc. Sid al Femin, ZCP iii 16.2 . Note also leim alboilcc .i. suainem tar blái foa ndichet carpat nó léim dar ais dond aroid for rith, O'Mulc. 759 . See bolg.

For use as conjunction see 2 and 3 ol.

an-

Cite this: eDIL s.v. an- or dil.ie/3240
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: an-, am-, in-, im-, an-, in-, an-, é-, an-, am-, an-, am-, an-, am-, am-, am-, an-, an(n)-, an-, n-

neg. pref. (IE vocalic *n-), appearing as an-, am-, in-, im-(?), é- before different initials. See GOI § 869 ff. , Dillon, Phil. Soc. Trans. 1944, 94 ff. Even in O. Ir. the original phonetic distribution has been disturbed by analogical formations, e.g. an- for in- before d, g (andach, anglan); an- for é- before c in nouns (aincél, aincride); both an- and am- before vowels (anecne, amulach). This becomes more widespread in later lang., where in addition to regular formations of the type éccóir, étrócar we find the unphonetic édaingen, édána, édlúith, édóchas, édóig, édomain, éiderb, éidrímtha (with extension of -d-), éigrinn, éscus (scís), étriad (anríad, v.l.): énirt occurs in Wb. The form in-, regular before d-, g- (indles, with recomposition indíles, ingnad, also ingnáth) appears later in inḟebda, inḟoltach (= anfoltach), inísel, inmall, inmálla, innáire, intinne (teinne), inúath; note extension of -d- in ind(ḟ)úar, while imbil is a possible ex. of im- before b- (see GOI p. 543 ).

The forms an- and am- eventually become for all intents and purposes interchangeable in meaning (a), and many doublets arise (aindeóin, aimdeóin; anglan, amglan). But there are no exx. of an- before p- nor of am- before m-, s-, and t- (before i- only in amaires, before p- only in amprom, where prom is a loanword). Acc. to GOI p. 104 the neutral quality of the nasal seems to have been preserved before palatal vowels in the early language (note also amraid, anbal, etc.). The later tendency is for m and n to be palatalized before front vowels and palatal consonants. Cf. ainfírinne, Wb. 2a17 . The form am- presumably lenited l, r, n. In the case of initial b- the group -mb- later becomes -m(m)- (aimbrit aimrid). In its later extension am- lenites all other consonants before which it occurs. The original mutation after an- in the case of f, g(?), c was nasalization (anbal, anglan, aincride). In the later language an- lenites b c f g m (cf. aincreitem later ainchreitem, etc.); t apparently remains unchanged (ainteist aintenn); an- before d gives an(n)-, this combination falling together with original an- before n- (aindeoin, -nn-; aindíaraid, -nn-; ainnert). In old compds. a long vowel in the second element is shortened (anbal, amraid with subsequent recomposition ainfíal, aimréid) (cf. indles, ingnad above).

In frequent composition with nouns and adjj., and rarely with vbs. (ainlenaid, anadnaid, anaibsigid).

Though a few forms like aineóil strange occur fairly frequently these seem to be g s. of the nouns rather than adjj. of the type sochineóil etc. However, énirt is no doubt correctly given as adj. i-stem. The same may apply to the later aimnirt. See also aindeis, aindíles (see aindíles), ainféich, ainéitid.

(a) not, non-, un- (aimecna, aimles, ainbthen, aincreitem, aindebaid, aindeóin, aindíbad, aindliged, aineól, ainféile, ainfis, ainteist, am(a)ires; aimbil, aimdis, aimglicc, ainfesach, 2 anglan, amraid etc. For exx. with é-, in- see Fasc. E, I).

(b) The (later?) meaning bad, undesirable, unsuitable (with nouns) is found e.g. in ainben, ainbreith, aindía, aindíl, anduine, ainécht, 1 ainfine, anflaith, anfolad, aingním, ainimme, ainmían, 1 ainrecht, ainríad, ainricht, ainríge, aintír, anchruth, antocad. Words with a(i)m- in this sense are less frequent (aimbés, aimbéscna, aimles(?), aimricht; the adj. ainíarmartach is derived from a noun.

(c) As intensive prefix great, very (see Dillon ad loc. cit.). Though this meaning becomes common only in the later language there are some early formations; inglan is found in SR, ind(ḟ)úar, innáire in LL, ingarg in Todd Nenn., though inḟebda, iníchtar etc. are late. The form. a(i)m- is not found with this meaning (aimlesc is for aidlesc), in which a(i)n- has the widest extension and is still current in the spoken language. The follg. are early exx.: anfann (usual from the mid. Ir. period on), 2 aingel (Corm. Y), ainéitig (LL), ainecla (CCath.). The follg. are later: anbrath, ainching, andána, aindíchell, aindíummus, andóchas, ainfergach, ainnert, aintreise. With late byform ana- cf. anbroic, anbroit etc. Some forms are of doubtful origin. Cf. an-, am-, dīultadaig gāidilge, amail rongab . . . nert ┐ amnert, Corm. Y 23 . is inund in t-am fil ann ┐ mors nó . . . nem (etym. explanation of amrad), ACC § 140 ( RC xx 414 ). am .i. aigheadh, H 3.18, 416b23 . amh .i. olc, O'Cl. amh .i. diultadh, ib. Emain .i. amhaon; amh, aga dhiultadh nach aon rug Macha . . . acht dias, Keat. ii 2426 . ? and .i. deliugadh nó dethbir, Ériu xiii 81 § 291 .

anaí

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anaí or dil.ie/3289
Last Revised: 2019

n (2 aí) un-poetry : cis lir a cenéla? .i. aí ┐ anaí .i. áer ┐ molad 'how many its varieties? i.e. poetry and un-poetry, i.e. satire and praise', Ériu lvi 64 . anfeith .i. anai .i. aos nacha fiter, O'Dav. 38 .

anáithes

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anáithes or dil.ie/3326

n only in phr. áithes co n-a.¤ (lit. success with un-success) Pyrrhic victory: ba háithes go n-a.¤ do desmumhain sin `a triumph without joy', AFM iii 388.3 . fa hé sin int áithes go na.¤ , ALC i 382.4 . ant aithes co n-anaithius, Ann. Conn. 1248.5 .

andúthchas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. andúthchas or dil.ie/3530

n (dúthchas): fá handúthchus . . . sbéis ag M. san M. `it was not to be expected . . . that M. should pay heed to M.', Ériu v 66.1 . d'a.¤ allmhardha `strange foreign land', TD 24.11 .

Attrib. g s.: ádhbha aineoil ┐ eccalsa andúthchasa, AFM vi 2298.25 . re ceird n-andúthchais d'ḟoghluim `to learn a strange calling', TD 1.33 . a bplannda anduthchais degenerate plant, Jeremiah ii 21 . d'ég andúthchais `by an un-natural death', O'Gr. Cat. 391.3 .

anflaith

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anflaith or dil.ie/3564
Last Revised: 2013

n (1 flaith)

(a) misrule, tyranny: in t-anforran ┐ in n-anflathi (leg. anflaith?), Cog. 52.1 . do thairnium anflatha, Ériu i 130.48 .

(b) non-lord, commoner; usurper, tyrant: to-léci anflaith do ḟírḟlaith 'the un-ruler [ = false ruler] yields to the true ruler' AM 16 § 54k , Ériu xxx 194-95 . rosaig anḟlaith lethaithgein moíne móges, Críth G. 273 `a non-lord (i.e. a former churl),' p. 32 . fer fothla also called a.¤ , Manners and Customs ii p. 36 . flaith foceird fri a.¤ , Laws v 358.8 (expld. in p. 360 Comm. as one who accepts stock from an unlawful or extern chieftain). a.¤ táinic itir dá degflaith sunn, O'D. 1583 (H 5.15, 7b). nocon erred anflatha, LU 3764 ( SCC 34 ). rondlomsat . . . assa rigu, ar ba a.¤ , RC xiii 462 § 66 . immusnaerfat anflathi, xxvi 40 § 210 . dobebat flathi ria n-anflathib, 38 § 191 . biat ile anflathe, 36 § 179 . tairnebtait na h-anflathe tocébdait na fingarta, LL 308a5 ( SG 388.20 ). mane tarset anflaithe, BColm. 50.7 . forlamus anflatha, Cog. 10.17 . (of a ruler) nírb a.¤ anaobhdha, KMMisc. 346.25 . is é is anfhlaith ann an tí do-ní follamhnughadh . . . do réir neirt is ní do réir cheirt, Keat. iii 4146 .

anflaithius

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anflaithius or dil.ie/3566

Forms: anḟlaithes

n (flaithius). Later anḟlaithes. lack of legal standing of a `flaith'(?): techta cana caich la derbfine acht aimser imfuigill im a.¤ n-aige fine; is i suide berair cuit forbaig ar a.¤ n-aige fine, Ir. Recht 34 § 36 `wegen der Un-Herrschaft des Sippenvorstehers'. In more general sense misgovernment, tyranny: mad h-e in ri . . . dogne an t-andliged no an tanflaithus, YBL 167b13 . is for a.¤ . . . na rig dogníter na tire . . . condat ambrite, PH 4231 . lochta . . . an anfhlaithis, TSh. 5347 . iad féin d'fhóirithin ó anfhlaitheas `tyranny', Keat. iii 2779 .

ansoas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ansoas or dil.ie/3787
Last Revised: 2013

n (sous) un-poetry, un-science (?): ní gonae grúaide gaïb ansóis 'you are not to wound cheeks with the spears of "un-poetry"' Ériu lvi 64 = CIH vi 2218.27 , iii 1134.33 (Bretha Nemed Toísech) .

árad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. árad or dil.ie/3934
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: áradh, arach

n o, m. áradh m., IGT Decl. § 11 , § 104 . Perh. vn. of ad-reith. See Vendr. Lex.

(a) ladder: āradh .i. rith nō rīad fri hā; ā .i. cech ard, Corm. Y 4 . Cf. arád .i. riad fri a ar as á cach nard ┐ í cach nisel, O'Curry 83 ( H 3.18, 63 ). ? fri arthu archathru / co domun dringthiar (.i. fri áradu na cathrach huaisle), RC xx 260 § 68 ( LU 894 . Cf. Celtica vi 228 ). it árid dogairter ut dicitur scale ɫ coeli s[un]t sancti , LU 899 . dobert . . . aradu arda ┐ dremireda do dul tar na muru, BB 442b51 . ac tabairt dremere ┐ arad frisna muru, Aen. 2216 . isin árud secht-ceimnech, PH 8010 . gach á.¤ rig nemh every ladder that reaches heaven, Ériu iv 236 § 9 . Elaid ind Araid `the Monument of the Ladder' (the golden ladder by which angels took Boetius to heaven), Fél. 258.27 . a fheartais araidh rung of a ladder, IT iii 85 § 84 . gurbo h-āradh re holc ┐ gurbo drēim re dīberg, ML² 1710 . slegha ar áth mar aradh `spears on a ford form a ladder(?)', Studies 1920, 418.6 . dréimire, fára, sdaighre, Eg. Gl. 210 . Fig. ar n-á.¤ firinni (of God), LU 1190 (ACC). amra á.¤ . . . d'ascnam flatha Maicc Maire (of Brigit), Thes. ii 328.7 (Hy. v). á.¤ clod cain reim radit bii (of a king), RC xx 44.24 (ACC) = arad cloth caín in réim riadait bí, LU 358 . ar isé á.¤ ┐ slabrad ┐ muince as tresseom do thabairt anma dune a hiffurn in biait, LL 278b26 . comadh arad fresgaphala doip dochum nime (of tower of Babel), Auraic. 2425 .

In plant name: Tapsia Iposilína .i. lus Oilella .i. arudh muiridh, ACL i 334 § 31 . hasta regia .i. arudh Muiri, 335 § 78 .

(b) bier (cf. 2 árach): crand fedna collna .i. adbar in araidh .i. fuaith wood for carrying a corpse (i.e. for a bier), Laws v 482.27 ; 484.15 Comm. fuad .i. arad, Lec. Gl. 412 . eccla croinn áis an áraidh / eccla gábhaidh báis brónaigh (cf. crann fáis quick-set tree, P. O'C. ), ACL iii 216 § 4 . croinn ghairthe le ngon tánaidh / áruidh chon d'aithle an ḟíadhaigh, IGT Decl. ex. 441 . dream do chinn crábhadh go hóg / nach sgirr fód go háradh iad, DDána 42.8 (`until death', n.).

(c) Some form of trespass. In exx. form varies between árad and árach. Thurn., ZCP xvi 204 , considers árad the better reading. Binchy, however, considers 'aradh' and 'araig' to be misspellings of 'árach' Celtica ix 165 : fothla tothla / tán án / aircsiu arad(?) (arach MS) / attrab follscud / foilluchta iadad, ZCP xvi 204.17 . duinecaithe tra imeathan tar tir do chéile .i. aradh ┐ aitrebadh, follscudh ┐ fothla . . ., Laws iv 98.17 Comm. = araig ┐ aitreb . . ., 146.16 Comm. na hedu sin isin cét feis . . . arach ┐ atrabh iar sin, 104.4 Comm. andilsi do flaithib fothla . . . aircsiu, arach, attrab . . ., ZCP xii 366.16 . Doubtful if same word as in (a) and (b).

barún

Cite this: eDIL s.v. barún or dil.ie/5440

Forms: -ún, -úin, baróin

n o, m. (Fr. loanword, Risk p. 591) g s. -ún and -úin, IGT Decl. § 35. baron: ardbarun Laigen `chief baron', Ann. Conn. 1235.8 . baruin na hErenn, 1237.5 . imtúsa laochbarúnadh leithi Mogha, Caithr. Thoirdh. 91.20 . gan baruin gan iarladha gan sguiera, Smaointe B. Chr. 396. a baruna na Fraingce, Fier. 152. cuid do chíos an bh.¤ bhig, IGT Decl. ex. 942. gidh b. do ghabh súd mar stíl air, Keat. Poems 725. baróin, Rel. Celt. ii 260.24 .

2 bí

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 bí or dil.ie/5810
Last Revised: 2013

n f. Usually inflected as t-stem; see Études Celt. xxvii 184 . Name of some part(s) of a door or entrance: fo dí b.¤ ind rígthaigi, LU 8187 ( FB 13 ; `sous les deux montants du seuil de la maison royale´ Études Celt. xxxiv 106 ). for foradaib bith insin óenuch `entrance' (?), ZCP iii 216 § 31. In phr. crann mbí(th) `threshold´ Misc. Ascoli 386 : fó dé b.¤ in righthighe inann sin ┐ in fordorus ┐ in tairrsech (lintel and threshold), uair is iat sin in da chrann tar a téd na b. amuich ┐ amach, is aire sin atberar crainn b.¤ friu uair adeir is in bretha nemhe, itir crand mbi ┐ in chainnell, O'Curry 1322 (H.3.18, 608a). áile tech miodhchuarta . . . garbh n-eochrach a chrann [mbi], Ériu xiii 40.14 , Misc. Hib. 23. 16 ( IT iii 51 § 94 ). Cf. bi .i. tairsich . . . garb n-ochrach a crand mbith blaith bith coire .i. in crann his fo mbeo .i. in tairsech . . . dul dibec itir b.¤ ┐ cainneall, O'Dav. 233. i ndorus in daurthige connice in crand mbith, LB 277a54 . In biological sense (?): in am luide don chrunn síuil bruitis bí a croith innallaile, combu ógslán `au moment où elle alla sur le chevalet d’accouchement, elle cousit les sueils de sa vulve l’un contre l’autre, si bien qu’elle fut vierge´ Études Celt. xxxiv 106 .

2 bolg

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 bolg or dil.ie/6348
Last Revised: 2013

ā f.

balg (an tsrotha) f. (bolg balg an tṡréin ┐ an tṡrotha ┐ an easa ┐ an iomhuis do baininnsgne, v.l.), , IGT Decl. § 39 (91.17) . b.¤ ā, f., § 158 . Occas. m. in Class. verse, Ériu xl 181 .

(a) bubble : b.¤ uisce, Corm. 6. na (= ina) builg nó na dluim uisque, O'Dav. 259. ina mbolcaib corcardaib like crimson bubbles, Dinds. 59. da builg uaine inte i n-inber (sic leg.) Sabrainde (one of the wonders of the Island of Britain), Todd Nenn. 114.5 . LBretnach 77.1 . ó bholgaibh tonn `from the heaving billows' (Gloss.), Measgra D. 48.39 . Fig. a bh.¤ fichigh fionnṡroth dtréan (to a prince), DDána 92.45 .

(b) blister : `fearb' as ainm . . . do bhoilg can imshnim, Metr. Gl. 4.15 . arnaib bolcaib . . . .i. bolca finda són astoitis for corpaib innan doine gl. pro uesicis candentibus, Ml. 99a4 . co ro imfuilngiter na bolga for a gruaidib iar mbreith na claenbreth, Laws iv 16.6 Comm. leos .i. imdergad no leos (.i. lesa, v.l.) .i. bolga . . ., O'Dav. 1154. Cf. compds. infra. na drúith ┐ na glámma . . . go tócbaitís teora bolga bar a agid, TBC-LL¹ 3019. no ássad bolgg corcra assa etun . . . co n-aprad-som fri Conchobar: Mebais din boilgg innocht a Ch. (Bricriu), TBC-LL¹ p. 892 n.4 . b.¤ na dhíaigh ar míonb[h]un meóir (a colt), Bard. Synt. Tr. 21.y . Note also: bradán as gach bailg don iuchraidh ` roe-corn ' (Gloss.), Measgra D. 61.13 .

(c) berry; bud : bolco . . . meit chend daini, Anecd. i 69 § 168 (ICM). araill dina bolgaib pods, ZCP xxx 137.39 (Alex.). tibit fidraid .i. bolga in blatha `buds (?),' RC xxvi 32 § 152 and 33 n. 10 . cainnle na mbalg mbuan `the stalks that bear the constant pods', SG 245.41 . Various: b.¤ belc(h)e see belc(h)e. co curtar a mbolga for na srothaibh `husks' (of hazel nuts), IT iii 195 § 35. seólaidh bhar mbolcca corra / go borraibh loma Lochlann `hulls', Duan. F. i xxix 3 .

(d) boss, ball : bopulsciath . . . cona deich findbolggaib fichet findruine, LL 24892. sréin delinecha friu .i. bolga dergóir isindara liniu ┐ bolga airgit . . . isin líne aile, TFerbe 12 , 13 . go gcloich buabhaill, go mbuilg sréin, DDána 119.29 .

Compds. (belonging both to 1 bolg and 2 bolg)

(a) With nouns: tar bolgonfad . . . blāithche `swelling . . . waves', MacCongl. 85.18 = tar bocanfad, 119.37 . iar mbolc-bráen `after heavy showers', Stud. Hib. iv 74 § 77. bolgdéra móra fola, LL 13823. boilgléasa ` blisters ', Keat. iii 516 . bolg-medón `paunchy belly', Metr. Dinds. iv 140.1 . do forlionadh a bulgphocoide `pouch' (for gunpowder), Hugh Roe 172.14 . etir . . . bogha ┐ bolgṡaighid, RC xviii 182.9 (Tig.). brec[h]tar-breacad do bolg-semannaib . . . fuirri `of bulging rivets', CCath. 4723. fri gáith . . . n-errchaide im bolg-s[h]liss Márta swelling side, MacCongl. 63.9 . Nás na mboilgṡreabh mbinn, DDána 68.12 . it é . . . bolcsróin with distended nostrils (horses), BDD² 464.

(b) With adjj.: conid tarla bolgḟáen `so that he was cast prostrate', TBC-LL² 1648 . bliadain do Lorcan na long / diamair is bolclan a bharr, BB 56b33 (= bocban a band, LL 4332 ). bocnár (bolcnár, v.l.), LL 4292. cenéle dáileman: . . . bolcsrónach brocóiti, Triads 231 . belremur bolcsuilech with protruding eyes, LU 8516 ( FB 37 ). bolccṡuilech, CCath. 4736. See ferbolg, menbolg.

1 cath

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cath or dil.ie/8344
Last Revised: 2019

n u, m. IGT Decl. § 95 .

(a) battle, fight : fo béesad fir téte do ch.¤ , Wb. 9a3 . in chatho gl. proelii, Ml. 34a20 . amal dunem-side nech iarna chúl hi c.¤ `behind him in battle', 112a5 . fon ch.¤ gl. sub Marte, Sg. 44a1 . dochum in chathai, Cáin Ad. 17 . fuil fearthar a c.¤ , Laws v 142.9 . d'ēt chatho `through seeking a battle', Ériu xvi 146.4 . glond catha comramaig, LU 8957 ( FB 71 ). cuimling móir ┐ catha etir Ulta ┐ Un Neill, Lat. Lives 19.9 . nocha comhain cath fiora battle does not spare men (prov.), Hugh Roe² 186.6 . amail ch.¤ sula gl. palpetratione (leg. palpebratione), Ériu iv 182.x . catha, ┐ urtha, ┐ irgala (of types of stories), Laws i 46.4 Comm. Of individual battles: cath Muigi Tuirend, Airne F. 187 . i c.¤ Aird Ladrainn, MacCarthy 156.z . Cath Moigi Slecht . . . ainm in katha-sin, Ann. Conn. 1256.7 . In Cath Cathardha (title of text), CCath. p. 2 . Of spiritual warfare: teannobthor c.¤ ar an chloinn temptation, Magauran 2217 . go gceanglam ar gcorp san gcath, Aithd. D. 80.43 .

As descr. gen.: ciṅg catha, Fél. Aug. 24 . ina cipi . . . catha, Stair Erc. 1513 . lán do chonfadh catha, TSh. 1073 . d'écin catha ná comlaind, MU² 172 . gan fhíor catha ag C. he fought against odds, Aithd. D. 33.22 . cen līn catha imbi sufficient to do battle, TBC-I¹ 335 (see 1 lín). míl catha, Fél. Ep. 275 . róe catha = c.¤ : re catha `a battle of war', Laws v 300.x . gnúsi námat i rói chatha, Tec. Corm. 9 . See 1 cró.

In phrases: cid cia ar ar cuirestar ceist in catha whoever was worried about the outcome of the battle, MR 166.14 . ar cor cestu (cesta, v.l.) an morcatha dim, CCath. 3784 . c.¤ fri x battle against x (somet. with Vn. force): oc c.¤ fri diabul `in fighting against', Wb. 23d8 . c.¤ fri Demon détlae, Fél. Prol. 242 . co ticfat do chath fri A., PH 7279 . With vbs. of offering, giving, winning, losing etc. : for diabal ro brisis c.¤ , Ériu xix 15 § 13 . robris c.¤ . . . for demun, PH 4732 . conboing catha cróchombág, LU 8352 ( FB 24 ). indiu cuirthir in c.¤ , 3661 ( SCC 32 ). tabairt catha do Assarib, Ml. 34c11 . maní dene chathu oc ditin do thuathe, 37c15 . gniid cathu, LU 3415 ( SCC 18 ). ita in c.¤ oca ferthain, 3664 ( 33 ). do f[h]resdal c[h]atha do C[h]onn, ML² 198 . du frithteirissem in chatho gl. ad resistendum, Ml. 83a11 . do fhuacgra catha fair, Stair Erc. 1653 . mebaid c.¤ ria Sīl C. . . . for Coin-Corb, Corp. Gen. 27.23 . See maidid, maidm, roínid. gidh roimhe do-chuaidh an cath though he won the battle, Aithd. D. 33.22 .

(b) troop, battalion : tinol catha, LU 3367 ( SCC 15 ). flaith fri Nīall ro chathu clói, Hail Brigit 21 . is na cathaib gl. in acie, Gild. Lor. 23 . ciṅgset inna c.¤ co fí, LL 336 . ba cain géim a chatha company, Fél. Prol. 139 . c.¤ do lucht na catrach group, BB 414b34 . na seacht ccatha boí san fFéin, Duan. F. ii lvii 29 . c.¤ Aodha Find . . . / gibe díbh gebhus righe family, BNnÉ 258.w . tréanaingil Dé i gcathaibh iata, Hackett² xxxii 103 . More specifically: tri ch.¤ ┐ .x. cét ar fichit cét cach catha, RC xvii 416.26 (Tig.). trí catha na Gnáithḟéine, ┐ trí mhíle san ch.¤ , Keat. ii 5155 .

Of animals etc.: secht cat[h]a deg do bochrudh (captured cattle), AU ii 506.20 . in cath crumh the army of worms, Aithd. D. 80.27 .

V. freq. in composition, with nouns in sense martial, warlike, military , with adjj. (in battle, as regards fighting ), and with adjj. derived from nouns. Somet. tautological ( ¤imairecc, ¤irgal), and freq. as alliterating prefix. A few permanent compds. ( ¤barr, ¤ḟeis (see cathais), ? ¤ḟer, ¤réimm ( ¤ech), etc.) are given as separate entries.

With nouns: go ro chinned . . . a cath-oirbert `valour in battle', MR 114.y . coras croith asa cathurlaind, LL 31787 (TTr.). a chatharm catha, LU 6425 (TBC). clú i ccaithbhearnaibh ` battle-gaps ', O'Hara 3400 . Conchobur caid cathbernaid, Rawl. 165b32 . caithbili Cruacan (of a king), ZCP ii 336.9 . caoga bliadan a righe nErenn do ┐ cathbuaidh do frisin re sin, BCC² 245 § 5 . Cathbuadha Conroi (name of tale), Anecd. ii 43 § 3 . Of crozier of Colm Cille: bachall C.C. . . . adberas Cathbhuaidh fria, TFrag. 230.6 . ra leiced a chathbuali . . . dó i cath na ṅGréc he was given a wide berth(?), LL 32298 ( TTr. 1486 ). sithithir slegh . . . airde cach cathbuailedh, TBC-LL¹ 5601 `compact body of troops', TBC St. Gloss. do reblaing . . . i n-a chathcharpat serda, LU 6479 (TBC). hi caithfheis ┐ hi ccathchongraim battle-gear , Hugh Roe² 264.26 . Conchobar cath-chingid, Metr. Dinds. iv 126.38 . ? cathclái gelbdai, SR 4227 . soí frit churad cathchlessu, LL 13781 . amal bid tre ermúru no tre cathcliatha gl. ut per propugnacula, Goid. 65.4 . sé cét elefinnte cona cathc[h]liathaib foraib lán d'ócaib (of howdahs), Alex. 568 . cathcliatha aidbli umaide . . . do diden a corp `cuirasses', TTebe 1434 . mac Cāirthinn in cathcobair, Corp. Gen. 9.47 . hi cathchomlond, BDD² 810 . cathchoscradh re nD. . . . for A. `destructive battle', AU i 270.13 . ro gabastár a chathcriss curad taris (of Cú Chulainn), LU 6415 (TBC). tréad an chathchraoi-se Criomhthainn, Measgra D. 54.80 `of this embattled land', Gloss. trena chathétedh, Cóir Anm. 200 . fer i cathfochrus bruit deirg, TBC-I¹ 71 `in a battle-girdle (?)', Faraday. ac sirgairm ┐ ag cathgairm a mic, TTebe 3588 . dog-nitea cliatha cathghaisccedh, Anecd. ii 25 § 6 . Nīall is Dathī co ccathgoil, ZCP viii 109.3 . cath-garrdha coraigthi do curadaib, MR 224.11 . in gach caith-ghliaidh, Leb. Gab.(i) 208.25 . A. nar' clói chathgreim ` battle-might ', Gorm. 16 . feis fōit ind ōic inda cathgreimim co matuin sleep under arms, Corm. Y 245 . meic Morna in cathgrinde, Acall. 2153 `battle-phalanx', Gloss. cathimairecc itir da ua Cernaigh battle-encounter , AU i 247.5 . a[c] cur na c.¤ asa cathlaithrechaib `positions', Ériu viii 38.23 . tri cathluain glana, Anecd. ii 61.y . cathluirech dluith drolach, CCath. 5211 . na cruadh-celmaini cliatha cathmaitti (maidid, maidm) ` battle-rout ', 4313 . mo chathmerge cenand battle-standard , LL 18597 . S. cathmīl cōemḟata, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 17 § 2 . Cathnia nepos Guaire, AU i 274.5 . cunach dernat C. a catharcuin, Caithr. CC 46 . cathrī crāides / crīcha, Corp. Gen. 2.43 . āeris trī cētu / cathrōe battlefield , 56 . lia rīg a cathrōe ┐ a ndūnad ┐ a cāin ┐ a ndliged, Corp. Gen. 92 (Rawl. 127 a 43) ; 'military obligation', The Kingship and Landscape of Tara 110 . ni fuigli co ngoí cathroí, ar ni fríth ni fuigēbthar brithem bas fíriu cathroí, 'do not undertake a duel in falsehood, for there has not been found and there will not be found a truer judge than a duel', AM 64 § 31 , GEIL 211 . rob tu mo cathsciath, rob tu mo cloidem, Ériu ii 89 § 5 . ? fri cathslait cairi comlain, SR 3258 . cathṡluaig, Acall. 5429 v.l. da cathuaithne . . . iarnaidhi, TBC-LL¹ p. 817 .

With adjj.: soighde cathalaind (leg. -aille), TTebe 3808 . in cath-amra (subst.) `the famous fighter', Metr. Dinds. ii 64.2 . lasna Collu cathchalma, Trip. 536 § 30 . lēo . . . / cathchob(b)ur fond of battle(?), Corp. Gen. 8.12 . slán do chlainn cathgloin Ceallaig of the bright battalions, ZCP viii 230 § 16 . in mír don Choin chath-labhair ` battle-boasting ', Metr. Dinds. iv 180.15 . cathlabhar .i. do labhradh a cc.¤ , O'Cl. fir na cerda cath-mire `martial', Metr. Dinds. iii 272.28 . ic Cumull chath-mór, ii 74.32 .

With adjj. derived from nouns: clanna . . . cath-airbeartacha ` warlike ', MR 118.18 . curaid caín . . . cathbúadach, LU 3913 ( SCC 42 ). fo chích curad / crēchtaig cathbūadaig, Sc.M² 15 . an cathbuadhach (as subst.), Blathm. 257 . cathchorach cruaidrī skilled(?) in battle , Corp. Gen. 9.49 . cathmiled . . . cathchoscrach victorious , LL 13469 . mac cathlínmar Cumaill `of many battalions', Fianaig. 78.11 . C. cath merggech, IT iii 82.1 .

With vb.: do shíl Chuinn, roscath-métaig `that made it great by war', Metr. Dinds. iv 208.80 .

cennbécc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cennbécc or dil.ie/8650

n (cenn + bécc) spigot, vent-peg of a vat (see Loth, ZCP iv 104 ): ro benad a ceindbéca da ṅdabchaib, Acall. 3790 . 4608 . a g-cinnbecca, SG 238.29 . ? bai didiu cenn-béc 'ma ceann co lar-medon longp[h]uirt A. `le sommet resta couvert d'un capuchon', Éigse vii 104 § 13 , see 105 n.

comchonnailb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comchonnailb or dil.ie/10927

n c.¤ ┐ comthuaichlius fria nathrachuibh `aussi affectionnés l'un a l'autre', RC xliii 66 § 67 . For comchondailbe (condailbe).

comdord

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comdord or dil.ie/11063

n (dord): comdhord ciúil ` un chant de basse', RC xxiv 380.3 .

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