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comḟocal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comḟocal or dil.ie/11174

n ( foccul ): na ceithre comhfhocail cuibhdhi ` maxims ', MR 90.3 . as comhfhocail an Eaglas Chatolic ┐ an Eaglus Rōmhánach synonyms , Mac Aingil 6027 . Gramm. nida[t] . . . comfocail `full sounds' (of semi-vowels), Auraic. 462 . comfhocul = prepositio, 321 . = conjunctio, 301 . comḟocul gl. hec coniunctio, Ir. Gl. 873 . In IGT compound : do chomhfhocal no d'ainm úathaidh, Introd. 1.22 . na gnéithe don Ghaoidhilg nach cóir a ttús chomhfhocal, 2.18 . don fhocal déigheanach don chomhfhocal téid a cheannus ┐ a cheart [┐] a innsgne, § 136 . c.¤ canamhna `a compound whose first part has elided vowel', Bard. Synt. Tr. p. 140 . .l. . . . greim comhfhocail, nó comhfocal canamhna a ttús comhfhocuil cheirt, 17.2 . IGT Introd. §§ 97. 100 . comfocul lochtach, Metr. Faults §§ 1 , 28 , 129 . 'na shamhail do chomhfhocal (of `Scitia'), Keat. i 234.9 .

? do-aithrith

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? do-aithrith or dil.ie/17173
Last Revised: 2019

v (to-aith-reth-) returns: ar nín-tathrith dosluinned foccul fir .i. ní aithrethenn chucunn . . . nó ní thic diar taithreos `not to us runs back', ACC 17 ( RC xx 164 ). conda taithrith nech hi mbethaid ass 'so that nobody returns', TBC(C) 743 . See taidrius, etc.

dúar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dúar or dil.ie/18977

n [o] word; stanza (poetic and B. na f.): d.¤ .i. focul, Auraic. 5441 ; Cóir Anm. 68 ; Lec. Gl. 49 ; Stowe Gl. 61 . duarfine . . . ainm d'filethaib .i. fine d.¤ .i. fine foccul , Corm. Y 445 . dia treisi tairgider dala duarfine, O'D. 2214 (Nero A vii 147b). durrtaigi .i. . . . tech a telcter duair focail .i. d.¤ focal, Laws v 102 Comm. ic d.¤ .i. ic foclaib, Auraic. 350 . dúar .i. rann no focal . . . as ionann d.¤ ┐ focal, O'Cl. d.¤ is ainm do rann, ut est: cia d.¤ donesa nath, Corm. Y 445 ; O'Dav. 583 . d.¤ diana, 883 . ris cena d.¤ 'na dechair a tale without a lay to follow it, Metr. Dinds. iii 54 ( .i. sgél gan a dhuain ina leanmhain, O'Cl. s.v. deachair ). cia nach laithfeadh siansa a nd.¤ `who would not put sense in a quatrain?', ZCP iii 378 = a fuach, v 483 . ag tinm dh.¤ (.i. tuicsin focal no rann), ib. = ag teinm fuach, iii 378 . a chursoin na nd.¤ gcaladh (.i. na focal cruaidh), v 488 . nir thuill riamh act d.¤ (.i. rann no focal) toladh | ar chrann toraidh Rí Breifne, Hard. ii 290 . ? Buan ben Mesgegra ciar dimbuan | na tres n-ergna din d.¤ n-ard, LL 138a38 .

Other interpretations: d.¤ .i. imat, O'Dav. 582 . a duaraib drecht, ib. d.¤ .i. cach torad, Lec. 516 ; Stowe Gl. 62 . d.¤ .i. feoil, LL 38b22 (= focul, Auraic. 5441 ).

Compd. ¤ḟine wordy tribe, poets , see above.

2 fann

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 fann or dil.ie/21294

adj o-ā weak, helpless, lacking strength or power; soft, pliant; a weak, helpless person: used in a variety of applications. Of living beings: bean ḟ.¤ , IGT, Decl. § 116 . cf. fann [o, m.] § 96 . bale i ndénta fingal no etualand d'immirt for fannaib, LU 4342 . coibés no sroiglithea in tren ... ┐ in fand, LB 155b50 . dia mbat goirt, bid fann do chlí | fri haíne, ZCP vii 298.18 . intí is trén, nertad in fand, PH 5825 . in chruim rúad trá ba fand ar thús, LU 194 (`was weak' Todd Lect. vi 11 ). pl.: ar faind ┐ ar mná ┐ ar maccaími d'ḟácbáil, LL 263b22 ( MU² 241 ). na faind, LB 155b46 . na fáinn ┐ na truaigh do ḟodhbhadh, RC xxv 392.21 . forrach fann despoiling the weak Lism. L. 4551 . dona dainib fannaibh (= infirmis) 1437 . Lat. Lives 76 . furtuightheóir na bhfann, TSh. 5146 . fanna mila marta `weak are the animals of March' CRR 6 . Of inanimate objects: fid f.¤ (the fig-tree) SR 1363 . fid fand fleascach, Anecd. i 54x . sibhne fanna, IGT, Decl. ex. 1365 . folt fand flescach smooth LU 4231 . ri fairrge faind `the sluggish sea' Metr. Dinds. iii 442 . Druim F. fan fann sreabh, TD 4.18 . cranna fanna (of spear-shafts) LU 9688 (? = fianna, LL 277a37 ). Of a banner: sróll fann re caoil-ḟiodhbhaidh limp (?) GF, Ir. Monthly 1919, 102 . In abstract sense: fand indiu mo beatha, Ériu iv 154.15 . bidh f.¤ a cumang, ZCP viii 110.12 . ní fáth fand not paltry the cause MacCarthy 148 (< LL 127a17 ). ní seolad fand, Anecd. i 69z . cf. ni foccul fandsaide, LL 28a10 where -saide seems to be the anaphoric suff. pron. tola fanna weak passions Ériu ii 55 § 4 . Adv. ro erig cu fand cobsaid, PH 511 . Compar. (+ di): ni ba fainnide do recht no do righe foirne thy rule over us shall be none the weaker D IV 2, 53 [51]r b 33 . Diffident, (?): du breith aesa faind ┐ boirb for seis, Auraic. 737 . IGT, Introd. § 1 . do fubhtad borb ┐ aineolach ┐ do breith aesa fainn for seis dligid, Cóic Con. 26 § 1 . Cf. do cosc (.i. tegusc) fand (.i. aineolach) , ZCP v 486.4 (B. na f.). áos fann .i. áos aineolach no lag, O'Cl. s.v. fainne. Cf. forcedal fann trēn, ZCP vii 298.2 .

Compds.: With subst.: ¤ád ` lowly fortune ' Metr. Dinds. iii 60.79 (: Dallán). ¤bréit a soft or yielding piece of cloth, etc.: na fannbreiti fata ... do ṡítta (i.e. flags) limp (?) CCath. 4929 . ¤chos f. weak leg: fannchosa fiara ... faoi (of a worn-out horse), TSh. 2559 . ¤chosc checking gently: ic fannchosc slóg ra síd seng, Ériu iv 96.2 . ¤éirge? ní fand-éirge dar samlaib, Metr. Dinds. iii 110.11 . ¤fáistine? fiugair na fand-ḟaisdini more, BB 431a39 (= fírfastini LL 230b7 ). ¤gáeth a weak wind, breeze: fidren na fanngaithi, CCath. 5437 . ¤ires feeble faith: faindires ┐ cunntabairt PH 6736 . ¤lige prostration, prostrate lying: i fannligib fola, LL 240a25 ( TTr. 1734 ). ¤ócláech weak (faint-hearted?) warrior: see under fannach. ¤slat weak stem: ar fandṡlataibh foithremla fidbaidi, MR 238.3 . With adj.: ¤chlechtach in limp folds or pleats: inar f., Acall. 5922.470n . folt fainnchlechtach, Fianaig. 58z . ¤chr(a)idech faint-hearted: aos fanncraidec nocurfedh for faenscur (of ghostly sounds) RC xiii 6.8 . gealtán fanncraidech, MR 174.15 . ¤eitech weak-winged: fannitech, O'Mulc. 490 (see fannall). ¤scaílte dispersed, spread in weakness ; of clouds: fraisnella fannscailti `weak, scattered shower-clouds' CCath. 4421 . Of flags: fannbreiti fannscailti, 4929 . Cf. fainnseól.

See fanntaise.

fili

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fili or dil.ie/22070
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: fili, filid, filid, filed, filid, ḟilid, fileda, filed, file, fileadha, filidh, filed, fili, fili

n t, m. n s. fili, Wb. 31b19 . Sg. 29a3 . LU 10942 , etc. a s. filid, 10944 . d s. filid, Sg. 140a1 . g s. filed, 71b16 . n p. filid 63a14 . ind ḟilid , 162a3 . Ml. 26b10 . a p. fileda, Sg. 63b4 . 212a11 . g p. filed, Rawl. 124a46 . n s. file, LU 10941 . Rawl. 156b5 . IGT, Decl. § 21 . n p. fileadha ( Keat. iii 1239 , etc.) is proscribed as incorrect, IGT Decl. § 21. ex. 784 .

Orig. seer, diviner (cognate with Welsh gwelet, see Thurn. Heldensage, 66 ), and in earlier documents generally implies occult powers or knowledge : fili gl. propheta, , Wb. 31 b 19 . imbass forosnae .i. dofuarascaib sechip ret bas maith lasin filid ┐ bes adlaic dó d'foillsiugad, Corm. Y 756 . is a Senc[h]as Mar ro airled comdire do rig ┐ epscop ┐ aige rechta litre ┐ sua[i]d filed for-can di cendaib, Laws i 40.16 ( ZCP xvi 175 ), with gl. : .i. in sui file[d] ... da faillsigend imad a sofesa ... co ndenand rand can smuainedh .i. cen imradud, Laws i 42x Comm. firt filed (a miracle wrought by a poet) AU 1024 . See also ZCP xix 163 , IT iii 96 § 155 , Imr. Brain i 46 , Corm. s.v. Mug eme , Coire Brecain ; RC xxvi 8 . For `fili' and `drui' as interchangeable terms see Plummer V. SS. Hib. i clxi , clxii . Poet (historian, panegyrist, satirist), man of learning (the `fili' in early times was not always sharply distinguished from the `breithem' and `senchaid,' and seems originally to have united all three functions : ni dhligh cúairt no cennaighect | ar ni fili fíreólach | hi feidm eoluis ilcrothaigh | manip co fēigh fessara | cīsa tenna is tuarustla | ... ; ni dlig cuairt ... | file nach dron dechraighfes | sochur dochur dílmaine | drēcht cech tīre thic, ZCP iv 237 . Leb. Cert. 236 . on uair dona ronuc Aimirgin Glungel cetbreth i nEre robu la filedhu a n-oenur breithemnus, cusin Imacallaim in da Tuar i nEmain Mache .i. Ferceirtne file ┐ Nede mac Adna ... Ba dorcha didiu in labrad ro labairset na filid [sic leg.] isin fuigell sin ┐ nirbu reill donaib flaithib in brethemnus ronucsat ... Do allad didiu brethemnus [sic leg.] ar filedhaib iar sin, acht a nduthaigh de, ┐ ro gab cach d'feraib Eirenn a drecht don breithemnus, Laws i 18 Comm. Cf. dichetal filed, one of the things by which law is preserved in tradition, ZCP xvi 175 = Laws i 30 . canaid in breithem fassach firaicnid ┐ roscadh filed, da cois ina brethe in sin, Corm. Y 1224 . See also the tract on The Privileges ... of poets, ed. E. J. Gwynn, Ériu xiii p. 2 ff .) : amal as ho molad ┐ adamrugud in choimded intinscana in salm sa [isamlaid] forcentar dano amal dundgniat ind filid linni cid in sin, Ml. 26b10 . filidh (gl. poeta), Ir. Gl. 1 . Of Latin poets Sg. 63a14 . fili .i. fī a n-aoras ┐ lī a mmolas ┐ brecht a fuacras in file, Corm. Y 600 . f.¤ ... .i. seircid foglamo. nó ... fī fora aeir ┐ lī fora molad, O'Mulc. 537 . duarfine ... ainm d'filethaib .i. fine duar .i. fine foccul , Corm. Y 445 . rosiachtus glún Amargin filed coro molaim ríg as cach feib i mbi, LU 10298 . rātha eturru secht ṅdruid, secht filid, secht n-ócthigirn. na secht ṅdruid dia rímsad tría brichtu, na secht filid dia ṅglámad ┐ dia n-erḟuacra (`the seven druids to bewitch (?) them by means of spells; the seven poets to satirise them and denounce them') Dinds. 161 . nemed .i. fili ... ar is a fidnemedaib fognitis filid a ngressa, O'Mulc. 830 . nem-uath fri filedaib iarsinni aerait nech co n-epil de, 830 f . asbert in fili nodnaírfed ... ┐ no áerfad a athair ┐ a máthair ┐ a senathair ┐ docechnad fora n-usciu conná gébtha iasc ina inberaib, LU 10946 ( Imr. Brain i 46 ). Applied to Virgil , Sg. 29a3 ; Epimenides Wb. 31b19 . ar ba faith, ar ba file (of David), Hib. Min. 5. 157 . ro can in filid ┐ in faith .i. Bec mac Dé, Cog. 10.22 . Find fili, mac Rosa, LL 311b53 . c56 . Rawl. 118b30 . gen. Find filed m. Rossa, 117e28 . Faifne file, LL 160b11 . Ferchertne file, Rawl. 156b4 . ZCP viii 326.1 . The `filid' was commonly attached to the house-hold of a chief. The calling was hereditary and the office of `fili' to the head of the clan was, in later times at any rate, often the prerogative of a particular family : fili Conchobair in tAed, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 22 . Fergus Fínbel, file Find, Dinds. 52 . Fergus Fínbél, fili na Féinde, Acall. 3017 . file Chon Raoi, Feircheirtne a ainm, Keat. ii 3524 . clann Fhir bhisigh .i. fileadha Ua nAmhalghaidh ┐ Cloinne Fiachrach, Hy Fiach. 10 . adubhairt ris file do bheith 'na ardollamh aige féin ar aithris na ríogh roimhe, Keat. iii 1465 .

duais ḟiled is ruidles .i. a ndoberr [sic leg.] i logh natha acht rop iar firinde ┐ choir mbeith in nath the poet's fee is absolutely conveyed, that is, what is paid for a poem, provided the poem be truthful and correct ZCP xiii 20.19 ( Bürgschaft 7 ). coic gne in berla tobaidi .i. berla fene ┐ fasaige na filed ┐ berla etarsgarta ┐ berla forttide [fortcide v.l.] na filed triasa n-agaillit cach dib a chele, Auraic. 1303 . berla na filed, part of the sixth year's course of the student-`fili' IT iii 38 .

From early times the `filid' formed an important and highly organized corporation classed among the `saer-nemed' (privileged classes) : tri nemid uaisli ... .i. espoc ┐ flaith ┐ file, O'D. 1631 (< H 5.15, 16b ). it e saernemead filead and .i. ecalsi, flatha, filidh (.i. graid filedh), feine, Laws v 14.10 . There were seven grades of fili, of which the highest was the ollam filed : in t-ollam filedh iarna uirdned ag rig tuath the fully qualified poet when appointed by the king of territories Laws i 42z Comm. ollamh fileadh ` master poet ' Studies 1919, 74 . Cf. O'D. 1214 ff ( H 2.15A, p. 84 ). in t-ollam sair ... adeitig lasin ugdar ni bud mo do na cutruma risin ollamain filed, no risin ollamain mberla no risin fear legind, Laws v 92x Comm. secht ngrad filed : ollam, ansrut[h], cli, canae, dos, mac fuirmid, focluc, O'Mulc. 537 . IT iii 96 § 155 . RC xii 119 . See also Laws iv 358 - 60 . v 26 ; 56 ff . is a ndanaibh defrighet ┐ dearscaighit gach grad filedh o raile i sos ┐ i segda ┐ i n-aircedal BB 296b29 ( IT iii 6 n .). sé dá rádh go riacht tusa | ... seacht ngradh na bfilidh ar fad ..., Gofraidh Mac an Bhaird, 23 L 17, 148b . The fili was at all periods distinguished from the bard (q.v.), whose qualifications and status were inferior (in: a bhfilidh, dá ngairid báird, Keat. i 70 , he is rendering Camden : poetas, quos bardos vocant) : cescc cidh dlighedh i ffil an bhairdne lasna filedhoibh ... ? amhail roghabh rithim arradh Mettuir, as amhlaidh ataid na báird cona mbairdne arradh na ffiledh, Ériu xiii 42.4 . dichlannaigfiter filid cona biat filid etir acht baird tantum , Rawl. 111b14 ( RC xxvi 44 - 5 ). is aire tra na dlegait baird acht letheneclann na filedh uair na frithgh[n]at, uair ni [di]reanar a ngradhaibh filedh neach na frit[h]gnat no o nach frit[h]ghainter the reason bards are entitled to only half the honor-price of poets is that they do not serve [ = practise their art], for `dire '-fine is not paid for any in the grades of a poet who do not serve or are not served BB 296b33 . Amal forber cach gradh filed seach araile im mod soís in oircidail toimside, forber ... cach gradh dibsom [viz. the bards] seach aroile IT iii 24 . fogluim na .uii. mad bliadna .i. brosnacha suad .i. bairdne na mbard ┐ dlegair dond ḟilid a ḟis, ar is he accept na sechtmad bliadna don ḟilid, 39 . ni dír báird acht dír fileadh | fis cach righ is a dhlighedh, Leb. Cert. 182 . The fili in his twelve-year course of study ( IT iii 31 ff .) had to master the various metrical tracts and oghams, memorize a mass of verse and prose tales, and learn certain methods of incantation : is hi ... foglaim na hochtmaide bliadna .i. fiscomarca filed .i. duili berla ┐ clethchor choem ┐ reicne roscadach ┐ laíde .i. tenm laída ┐ immas forosnai ( ZCP xix 163 ) ┐ dichetal do chennaib na tuaithe ┐ dín[n]ṡenchus ┐ primscéla Hérend olchena fria n-aisneis do ríghaib ┐ flaithib ┐ dagdhoínib. Ar ni comlán in fili chena, sicut dixit poeta : ni ba dúnad cen rígu. niba fili cen scéla, IT iii 49 - 50 . in-feded in fili scél cacha aidche do Mongán, LU 10942 .

Sometimes in sense a learned man, one skilled in literary composition in Irish, dist. from the Latin author on one hand and the unlearned Irishman on the other : a ngrad con-deilg lasin Laitneoir is eatargoiri a n-ainm lasin filid `the comparative degree of the Latinist (writer of Latin) is named inflection by the [Irish] poet' Auraic. 640 . possit ┐ comparait ┐ superlait lasin Laitneoir .i. fothugudh ┐ forran ┐ formoladh lasin filid : maith ┐ fearr ┐ fearrson lasin nGaedeal, 645 . maith, etc. (.i. lasin nGaedel coitchend a n-ecmais in filed, fothugad immorro lasidhe) 657 . ocht ndeich tra atrimet filidh na Goídilce the Gaelic poets reckon eight (metrical) feet Corm. Y 447 .

focal, focull

Cite this: eDIL s.v. focal, focull or dil.ie/22400

Forms: focull, foccull, focull, focla, focail, —ḟocull, focul, focal, facul, focal(l), facal(l), foccul(l), facul(l), facuil-se

n o, n., later m. (for etym. see Bergin, Ériu xii 135 ). n s. focull, Ml. 24d30 . d s. dun foccull , 125a11 . n du. in da focull sa, 51a14 . n p. tri focla , Corm. Y 1228 . tri focail , Laws ii 242.10 ( SM Facs. 29b ). a p. —ḟocull, YBL 54b8 . g p. inna focul (gl. dictionum) Sg. 26a7 . focal facul (foghluma), focal(l) facal(l) (ón phersain, i.e., vn. of foclaid, q.v.) IGT, Decl. § 17 . As vn., foccul(l) facul(l) (on fuláiremh, add. v.l.), Verbs § 52 . n p. na facuil-se , Decl. ex. 766 . do bhí an t-érlamh 'gá ḟocall, Verbs ex. 463 .

(a) in general sense a word, a vocable: f.¤ quasi uoca[bu]lum .i. guthán, Corm. Y 621 . focul i.e. a uocula , O'Mulc. 552 . Oppd. to bríathar: na digebad cid a oenḟocul dia briathraib a single word that she said Mon. Tall. § 61 . Marc ... ná dlig focul faille `who deserves no word of neglect' Fél. Ap. 25 . a inde in focail is sencus meaning of the word `senchus' Laws i 32.3 Comm. `aingil' is inand iarneterchert fhocuil ┐ `techtaireda', PH 7151 . cid uathad in timna-sa i fhoclaib, aráide is lethan hi cēill, 5839 . In compd. preceded by a defining word: búadfocol an rorādis ... issed ainm forbia co bráth (= you have hit on the exact word) LU 10060 . na ferba filed-sa (inand són ┐ na breath-focla briathar), MR 126.19 . ōr nad fil lem féin findḟocla fair words IT i 68.20 . fir domuin ... no ṡídaigfed da thrí findḟoclaib he would pacify with his three fair words LL 267b41 ( MU² 759 ).

(b) by extension, of connected speech, phrase: senḟoccul sein ... la cach sruith an old saying, proverb SR 2897 . senḟocul so srethaib cland: ni lassamain cech n-oenchrand, TBC-LL¹ 2345 . See senḟocul. cid focal isin nadmaimm naiscess an feichem dofui[d]ben inna folta sa ? Aicc macu, rombia fiach, etc., what is the word in the contract ... that establishes these ? Bind gurantees, etc., Bürgschaft p. 18 . C. do mharbad d'Ua T. ... tre iomagallam ḟocail tarla etorra, ALC i 368.4 ( focal , Ann. Conn. 1245 § 1 . iomaccaillaimh feircci FM). f.¤ coirmdhighe `mere words of ale-drinking' Studies 1921, 589 . do réir ḟocail Mhaóise, Exodus viii 31 .

Cf. gabuis in aithgabail fri focul. fogellsat Sencha, bertside doib deisi fri focal, ar foloing focul co arubaruch, O'Curry 785 (< H 3.18, 367a ).

(c) of an estimate, award, judgment, etc.: tabair mo trí lanḟocull damsa, IT ii2 227.31 = ar ndtri drinnrusc, Eg. (glossed: focul .i. athchuinghi, 256 ). conid ceitri fichid bo cuid focall ┐ impide (of a ransom) AU 1029 (transl. `persuading bribe' in Cod. Clar., AFM ii 818 n .) = ceithre fichit bó ḟocail ┐ impidhe FM. dlegur dosom ... mes ┐ focul na críche do tobartas [do thabairt do v.l.] re sétaib `the estimation and award [test ?] of that territory' Laws iii 154.18 Comm. a ṡeoit d'idnacul do dia thig, ┐ mes ┐ focol a críche féin dó leo id. 24 Comm . In Laws a judgment or approval on test (Approbazion, Gutheissung nach Probe Thurn. ZCP xiv 350 ): tri focail for braich (i.e. malt must stand three tests), Laws ii 242.10 ; 244.11 (glossed: .i. tri fromaid, 244.12 ). cona mesaib ┐ a toimsib, cona foclaib techtaib (of a calf due to the lord) 248.10 . cona focal (.i. na miach .i. narub searb iatt), iv 94.7 (15) . gaib fort laim fiach damsa huait ... isind forus [s]a ... cona focal ┐ a dilsi ┐ a dilmaine im seilbsi, Bürgschaft 15 § 51a . 17 § 53. (`Richtigerklärung'). ollam foccail (.i. intí foclaiter conid ollam) an approved ollam (one who has passed the tests) Laws v 114.18 ; see MacNeill, PRIA xxxvi C 16. 281 n. 3 . Cf. is focul ata fuirre ┐ ni hincrechad de-side (of a woman who alienates property illegally), Stud. in E. Ir. Law 69 n. 2 . Cf. iar ndifoilgid ... .i. berar fear feine ┐ liaigh dia focol as ndifolaig, O'Curry 802 (< H 3.18, 372a ; not in Laws i 226 - 8 ).

(d) word i.e. promise: [a] fhocal do bhrisdedh ar Muntrós to break his promise to M. Rel. Celt. ii 184.34 . Parole; guarantee: do rattadh f.¤ ┐ cairde caicthidhisi on iarla doibsimoh AFM vi 2302.23 . riasiu ro chaithsiot deiredh a ffocail before the expiration of their parole, ib. z 0 . iar ndeiliucchadh ré focal an Iarla, ┐ gan focal an phrionnsa nó aoinneich eile aca, 2304.6 .

(e) gramm. a noun: re hucht n-innsgne ┐ molta ┐ bfocuil pronoun, adjective and noun IGT, Introd. § 16 . ar mholadh ┐ ar fhocal, § 19 . Of part of a finite verb ib. 168.22 ; 170.25 .

Compds. focal-cháid reverent of speech: fear ... firén foculchāidh, RC xii 320 § 1 . ¤gér: fileadha focailghéara ` pungent-worded ' TD 34.7 .

tathrith

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tathrith or dil.ie/40232
Last Revised: 2013

v ? prot. form <to-aith-reth- (but see Éigse xviii 328 ). runs back (?) : ar nín tathrith do sluinned foccul fir .i. ní aithrethenn chucunn intí no rethed úain, ACC 17 . See taidrius.

trefhocal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. trefhocal or dil.ie/41717
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: trefhoclae

n o, m. (trí+focal) type of poetry or poem containing both praise and blame which precedes and warns of a possible satire (UR 139 ): trefhoclae .i. tri foccuil bíte ind .i. dá foccul di molud do brith for culu ind imderggtha dofarci an tress foccul .i. foccul ind imdergtha ┐ aire trefhoclae i.e. three words that are in it i.e. two words of praise it gives after the reproach, which the third word causes, i.e. a word of reproach and satire, Ir. Gl. 104.17 . tre focal fócra, Laws iii 92.10 (cf. O'Dav. 806 ). in file echtar críchi a biathadh don rig in airet bes ag dénamh a tréfocail ... ┐ lucht na críche ro moladh ann, O'D. 906 ( H 3.17, 647 ). is airi do níther trefocul do fhine in cintaig ar daigh gur dilsiget a aerad, O'D. 965 ( H 3.17, 673 ). trefochlae techtae do filedaib `lawful trefoclae to poets,' Trip. 564.34 (= LU 9786 ). cach fer do sil Coirpri Musc dogní tre focal is grada ollaman dliges, Irish Texts i 20 § 9 . trefocul in so amal rocumsat na baird, Auraic. 1928 , cf. p. 258 . tlacht in trefocuil, 1960 .