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1 camm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 camm or dil.ie/8094
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: Cam-achaid, cammchranna, cammderc

adj o, ā IGT Decl. § 40 (bean cham). c.¤ a cammpiclo .i. ō cecht arathair, O'Mulc. 205 .

I

(a) crooked, bent, curved, twisted : honaib crichaib cammaib gl. obliquis sulcis, Ml. 2a7 . conair cham winding, Ériu xiii 14.23 . ar crandaibh camaibh corraibh, IT iii 86.y . trí cloidmi cama caela curved, Leb. Cert.² 566 . benn cham chrom, ACL iii 307 § 20 . a gcornuibh cama, O'R. Poems 2510 . i n-a raon cham, Dán Dé xxiii 4 . ná fuabraid fáisdine beoil / ná ésgaid chaim crescent moon, Caithr. Thoirdh. 19.33 .

(b) Of persons and personal characteristics: sron cham, FB 37 Eg. ( IT i 271.28 ). cainti cam, IT iii 84 § 73 . ní thuca in cóil ngairit, osí c[h].¤ ḟinnfadach (of woman), ZCP viii 112.28 . C. cláen c.¤ , LL 1400 . F. C. .i. claon a rosc. Gorm. Apr. 7 n. Colmán Cam, ALC i 38.28 = Colman Caech, AFM ii 834.12 . quies Cuain Caimb, AU i 210.5 . cusna findchoelanaib cammaib gl. cum tortuosis intestinis, Gild. Lor. 229 . a géag-dhlaoidh cham wavy, curly , Keat. Poems 89 .

(c) Of abstract notions: hon torund chaum gl. oblica significatione, Ml. 55a9 . bainne do chēill chaimm. Rawl. 163a25 . bretha camma false judgements, ZCP viii 196.3 . cen mebail cen meiṅg / cen debaid mad cam `no strife in a crooked cause', KMMisc. 274 § 64 . coindealg comairle nach cam, Metr. Gl. Ff. 10 . tagra cam, Luc. Fid. 4777 . gach tīr bidh cam a coimhēd `treacherous', Ériu xviii 68 § 49 .

(d) In chevilles: cen glór c.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iii 278.41 . ní hiúl cam, DDána 30.14 . atchíther ní cam / ra ríg ríchid rind, LU 9893 . ní cam libh, Keat. i 190.27 .

Superl. an chlí do ba choime cor, Aithd. D. 50.27 . Adv. is cam dochóidh cridhe an pheacthaigh, Dán Dé xxxi 21 . táinnig cám mar bhachaill di, gé bhí díreach aig dul uirthe (the rod) came crooked like a crozier from it (i.e. the fire), ZCP ii 550.z .

II As subst. o: im cam Coraind (sic leg.) (a goblet), AU ii 226.7 = AFM iii 110.3 . a ch.¤ ┐ a dírioch (of a tree), Ériu xiv 158 § 21 . In abstr. sense crookedness, perversity, injustice; flaw, fault : arna roib cam .i. cin claen dona claenaib, O'D. 1222 (H 2.15, 86b). cam dhí doba dodhénta (of monastic enclosure), IGT Decl. ex. 1282 . ceartaigh mo ch.¤ `straighten my crookedness', Aithd. D. 89.19 . cuirfed a negar rann . . . / gan cham don dregan, Rel. Celt. ii 286.21 . mo cham . . . do dhíorghadh `perversity', PBocht 22.30 . gan cham 'n-a chomhdaibh `flaw'. O'Rah. 130.158 . gach cam do-chír, Hackett² xxix 5 . nār lēigis . . . cam do chaithemh re cōir you did not allow injustice to triumph, ML² 1368 .

Compds. With nouns. Cam-achaid, Gorm. Mar. 31 n. tanagas a Ciaraighibh / robo loor a cambuirbe perverse boorishness, IT iii 89.8 . lena gcaimchialluibh fein, Luc. Fid. 3882 . i gCath Camchluana, Keat. iii 1824 . araid camchnama dóib (of joint of meat), YBL 418 . cam-cnaim saillte, Laws v 40.13 . do reir a gcamchomhairle fein, Luc. Fid. 4001 . tar chladhaibh . . . cam-charadh (cora), CF² 1157 . an Cam-corn (a goblet), Ériu ii 186.19 . cammchranna gl. trabes (of ships), Sg. 189a1 . camchúl cladhdhlúth (of lady's hair), Hackett² xxiii 3 . ná bī dá cheilt léd chamdhán, Content. xxiv 23 . on chamdeicsin do-n-gniat `the crooked look', Ml. 55a8 . cammderc gl. Strabo, Sg. 63a4 . 70b8 . Cf. Études Celt. xi 129 . Aed Caimdherc .i. derc chlaen bhaí aci, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 34.5 . camdhúain bhaird `competitive lay', KMMisc. 170.21 . noco choir a cammḟige (of faulty composition of a poem), IT iii 106.24 . a ghiolla(dh) an chaimfhreagraidh, Luc. Fid. 4305 . do camḟolang casbhuarote (fulang), IT iii 92.w . ¤linn in n. loc. see Hog. Onom. ri clerchib na cam-lorg of the twisted croziers, LL 19307 . cosa ar cam-luamain hanging crooked, ML² 1797 . ¤mag in n. loc. see O'Don. Suppl. gad gerinnill / cnap camuilínd (muilenn ?), IT iii 92.z . camnadh (nath) ┐ cáinadh (name of a type of invective), ACL iii 294 § 4 ; 'petulance and upbraiding' Jn. Celt. Stud. ii 103 § 4 . claonnos, camnos perverse custom, O'D. 576 ( H 3.17, 443 ). ¤phlumpad see plumpad. ní cammrad `no crooked speech' (cheville), Gorm. May 9 . do chamraidhte-si, Luc. Fid. 4899 . cid nā dénum dá chammrand ? (see Meyer, RC xii 460 ), MacCongl. 15.24 . dīa n-dernsat in dí chammrand, `when they had a duel in quatrains', 53 . tús is tábhacht ar mbriathar / le cam-rannaibh ní cheileam `crooked verses', Content. xxiv 25 . m. Cormaic Camṡrōin, Corp. Gen. 347.21 . re bhar gcamthagruibh, Luc. Fid. 3209 . in chamthuisil `the oblique cases', Sg. 197a2 . forsnaib camthuislib, 207a6 .

With adjj. in dvandva-compds.: tria cleactaibh camchasa a chinn, TBC St. 4556 `very curly' Gloss. claideb camgorm, Ériu iv 102.9 .

With adjj. derived from nouns freq. referring to parts of the body: Tadhg camchosach O Dálaigh `Bandy-legs', O'Gr. Cat. 354.17 . os sí chamḟinnach. LL 346a9 . an eachlach camgluineach (of Lebarchamm), YBL 177a34 ( BB 257b27 ). fa chrúba . . . caimingnecha, SG 290.31 . cosa . . . cam-ladracha, ML² 1595 . ben chamlāmach chomhdālach, Bruchst. 34 § 80 . an Cammuinélach Ua Baoighill `Wrynecked', AFM iii 322.3 . bualadh an chléirigh cham-shúiligh, TSh. 1171 . Muiris camṡrónach, O'Gr. Cat. 34.21 . Note also: a chlaideb camthuagach catha, TBC-LL¹ 3736 . Taediu chorrach chamlindtech, Acall. 2674 `of the eddying pools', SG ii 170 .

With vb.: gur camlubadar a cloidib, YBL 331b16 .