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1 gním

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 gním or dil.ie/26218
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: gnímo, gnimo, gníma, gníim, gnímai, gnima, gním, gníme, gními, gníme, ngnimae, gnímu, gnímo

n u, m. g s. gnímo, Wb. 3c23 . gnimo, Sg. 153a3 . gníma, Wb. 6a11 . a s. gníim, 1d7 . n p. in gnímai , Ml. 99d9 . in gnima , 116d5 . gním, Wb. 13d29 . gníme, 31b30 . gními, 28b20 . g p. gníme, 13d15 . inna ngnimae , Ml. 66b5 . a p. gnímu, Wb. 4a9 . 17a13 . gnímo, Thes. ii 252.16 (Stowe Miss.). Sometimes n. in chevilles, v. inf.

(a) As vn. of gníid in various senses: doing, performing, executing: gním pectho the commission of sin, Wb. 25d8 . ropo fochonn gnímo don peccad a n-irgaire, 3c23 . a thal de gnim to do his will, RC xi 129.10 . icc gnim na mórchaingen sin `transacting ...,' CCath. 3250 . ni chumgaid olc na maith do gním, Alex. 989 . an marbhadh sin do ghniomh, AFM v 1872.10 . ar ngniomh na goili fine `after perpetrating the kin-murder,' Leb. Gab.(i) i 36.9 . TD 35.6 . making, constructing: oc gním a sosta making their huts, TBC-I¹ 166 . do gním tuir noīthig Nemrúaid 'to build the famous tower of Nimrod', SR (Greene) 275 . g.¤ catha, etc. waging battle: ic gnimh in catha catharda fighting the civil war, CCath. 4584 . ag gniomh an iomairicc, AFM vi 2132.9 . g.¤ ech exercising horses: lā dia nde[ch]adar sescad ridiri do gním a n-ech, ZCP vi 278.3 . eich dá ngníomh, TD 11.20 ; 34.13 ; 6.9 .

(b) Intrans. acting, action, activity, work: gl. actio, Ml. 15b1 . in belrai .i. is and atá gním tengad (gl. linguae spectat officium ...), 31b23 . 47b13 . crux didu ainm do gním in chrochtho ... the act of crucifixion, Wb. 8a5 . slond gnimo hi rec dogni indidit, Sg. 153a3 . i ngním et bésib, Wb. 23c11 a. gnim ┐ bestata ┐ morolus action and virtue ..., Hib. Min. 358 . bruth ┐ gním ruirech lais, BDD § 99 . do gním a lámi féin, TFerbe 247 . gnim claidib sword-play, CCath. 3618 . fuasgaltar iad do ghníomh a gcarad `by the action of their friends,' TSh. 4353 . lionn fuar ar bhfulang gnioma do lionn ruad air enduring the action of ..., 23 K 42 149.12 . peacadh gniomha actual (as opposed to original) sin, Donlevy 148.16 . grása gníomha efficient grace, 210.11 . Of the action or effects of medicines: doni gnim cosmail re meisce, O'Gr. Cat. 216.21 . is romór a ngnim ar in corp, 213.17 . doicc i ng.¤ is carried into effect: in fogail ... ni tainic a ngnim, Laws iii 138.4 Comm. acht co n-icsed a ngnim, O'Curry 630 ( H 3.18, p. 304 ). cuirid i ng.¤ puts into action, practises: cuir do briathra a ngnim change your talk for action, RC xix 34 ( Fierabras § 36 ). gach ní noerrdercaiged docuiredh féin i ngníomh, xxv 396 § 12 . do cuireadh sin re séan ngníomh 'that was successfully prosecuted', Celtica xxvi 106 § 50 . ó gním in deed (opp. to natura), Wb. 21b2 . de gním in deed, in effect: go n-abraid do ghníomh nach dleaghair dhóibh ... giall dó, TSh. 3043 . adeir an marbh ... do ghníomh, nach bí neach ag tabhairt láimhe leis féin, 4736 . Leg. fer gníma the champion (lit. `man of action') who acts for a woman in case of trial by battle: a fer gníma ise nodsaig isin roe, O'Curry 795 ( H 3.18, p. 370a ) = fer lesach, Laws i 140.8 Comm. A definite act, deed: bid mogda in gním, IT i 98.3 . dodéna gním n-granna n-garg, 70.24 (Eg.). mac bec doriṅgni in gním sain, TBC-LL¹ 947 . gním demnach, LL 4910 . gním as úaisliu, Fél. Oct. 23 . Fél. Dec. 17 . gabtar an toil urlam ar son an gnima (= voluntas prompta pro opere reputatur), O'Curry 2223 ( Eg. 88, f. 16 (17)b ). a nem-eiric in gnima sa, Laws i 6.28 . gniómh fallsa, Dán Dé xxxi 19 . do ghníomh a gcarad, TSh. 4353 . gníomh nár ḟéadodar d'ḟulong, TD 18.27 . pl. imfresnat a ngníme fria mbriathra, Wb. 31b30 . congnemmis gnímu colno, 4a9 . fo gnimaib midither Dia for duine, Laws i 48.24 Comm. i ngnimaib na fírinne, PH 5863 . ZCP x 348 § 10 . In chevilles: gnim cert, SR 3167 . g.¤ ṅgann, 3219 ; g.¤ ṅgúr, 7371 . g.¤ ṅglegrach, Arch. Hib. ii 73 § 50 ( LL 184a44 ). ni gním ṅgoa, ib. § 51 ( ib. 46 ). Without qualifying adj. (1) an act of prowess, an exploit: (2) a wicked deed, a crime (cf. meanings of écht, bét and 1 glond): a ḟergnīma, TBC-I¹ 363 . do scelaibh do gnima ┐ do gaisgid, ZCP vi 31.18 . is mór in gním Cormac ... do marbad, RC viii 358.8 . gním na n-ingen ... i taeb Temrach (i.e. the slaughter of the maidens), LL 4911 . Used loosely of a fact, an occurrence: andsin adces taidbsi ... is tresin ngnim sin rothuig T. fuagrad na faistine, TTebe 4143 . Of a special kind of activity proper to someone or something function, duty, work: is and atá gním tengad (gl. linguae spectat officium), Ml. 31b23 . gnim an gabhann, BNnÉ 65 § 96 . ithé gními epscuip, Wb. 28b20 . conderna gnímu moga, 17a13 . cid do-beir na cóic ṡéotu do eneclainn in boairech? Ni anse, a gníma (`his functions,' Mac Neill), Críth G. 163 ( Laws iv 308.26 ). ite inso trá gnima bóairech, Críth G. 183 . acht na methat a ngnimu, Laws v 272.11 . ata dono naidm gaibes gnimu raithe ... ata aitire gaibhes gnimu nadma, ZCP xiii 24.10 ( H 3.18, p. 21a ), see Bürgschaft, p. 13, §§ 42 , 43 . Specifically in sexual sense: Sampait ... cen gním núachair S. inviolate, Metr. Dinds. iv 7.22 . Cf. fergním, bangním, Laws ii 350.6 Comm. In theology, an act (= Lat. actum): gníomh creidimh, Donlevy 16.13 . gníomha caon dúthrachta Acts of Devotion, Donlevy Pref. iv 17.

(c) In concrete sense, something made, a piece of work, a structure: mur do glain huaine, gnim cain, SR 347 . indas in gníma sin, FB 2 . gnímh cláraigh ┐ caelaigh `a work of boards and wattles ...,' CCath. 1814 . do gnimaibh cloch, 1880 . ós gním ochta aird-inbir `above the breastwork ...,' Metr. Dinds. ii 58.10 . g.¤ láime: ma ta gnimh laimhi aici-siumh 'if she has handiwork', CIH i 174.10 , Celtica xxvi 28 . Of literary work: gnim Lucae etir soscela 7 Acta, RC viii 367.11 . Cf. i ngnímaib na nApstal (= in Actis Apostolorum), Hib. Min. 53.

(d) Gram. the active voice; an active verb: gním ┐ césad active and passive, Sg. 172a2 . gnim indi as fio the active of `fio', 194a2 . torand gnima no césta, 26b15 ; 149b7 . amal as ṁbriathar gníma aperio, 145b4 . Auraic. 651 ; 1620 .

(e) organisation (?) : gnim .i. tigedus, Stowe Gl. 415 . Lec. Gl. 401.

(f) As npr m. mac Gnimai meic Ruaidene, Lec. 134rc40 .

Compds. ¤arnaidh, MR 144.5 . ¤charcar: g p. inna ngnímcarcar (gl. ergastolorum), Lib. Hymn. 72.y . ¤dénmaid (gl. opificem), Lib. Hymn. 71.24 . ¤doilig, ML 48.10 . ¤écht prowess: gan derbhadh gaisgidh nā gnīmechta, ZCP vi 28.17 . ¤gartglóir glory of liberality of deeds (?) : in primaltoir ... | fri gnimgartgloir roturcbad, SR 4266 . ¤ghnáthughadh putting into practice, TSh. 1850 ; 8076 . ¤grith a forcible shout (?) : a p. scertair iarna ṅgnímgreth[a] (at Last Judgment), SR 8327 . ¤molta of praiseworthy deeds, TD 18.23 . ¤scélrad relation of deeds, CCath. 4407.