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2 scíath

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 scíath or dil.ie/36454

Forms: cruindsciath

n o, m., later also ā, f. Cf. in s.¤ . . . ro noíseghedh ainm dó la hUltu . . . bid imda broen derg tarse, BDD² 975 ff . s.¤ . . . co ngemaib óir furri, LU 10796 . m., IGT Decl. § 96 (130.11) . f., § 39 (91.6) . Perh. same word as 1 scíath (in spite of Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 76 ).

(a) shield, buckler : fri nech tarsa tochuirther sciath, Ml. 22c1 . amal bid ho s.¤ gl. ut scuto, 49d11 . cruindsciath (sic leg.), Sg. 49b12 . scīath Dé | dom imditin, Hy. vii ( Thes. ii 356.14 ). , Laws v 310.4 . da ba ar sciathaib (fee paid to a craftsman), 94.16 Comm . dubs.¤ co calathbúali findruni fair, LU 6297 (TBC). crands.¤ odor iarndae fair, 7195 (BDD). di cailc na s.¤ , 8203 (FB 15). gabtait a scíathu foraib, 8200 ( FB 15 ). laech as deach fil íar cúl scéith i tír Hérend, BDD² 690 . co ro-gésetar scéith Ulad uile, CRR 35 . crunds.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 5284 . sceldgur na s.¤ cliss `der Schilde zum Kunstspiel', 3308 . rí . . . | go sgéith n-uaine, L. Cl. A. B. 92.134 . bíthe a rí ar sgáth do sgéithi, IGT Decl. ex. 1065 . sgéith dhatha ar a ndromandaib, ex. 1132 . ina leibenn . . . lebar-shciath, MR 216.9 . ro chuireas a g-comhrainn mo sgéithe iad, Oss. iii 190.5 . fear iomchuir sgéithe Sauil, TSh. 2451 . Perh. battlements of a castle in: a díol innigh fúithe fríoth | d'ingir go madh dlúithe an sgiath, DDána 119.31 . As n.pr.: Sciath ┐ Scath, imtar da shiabar, IT iii 243.249 .

In phrases: do-beir s.¤ tar lorg do covers the retreat of, acts as rearguard to: do [f]oggradar d' Feargus sciath tar lorg do thabairt do Ulltaib, RC xxxix 18.18 . tuc sciath tar lorg doib, Acall. 2137 . dobertatar sciath dar lorg dar a n-eis, CRR 52 . tuc sciath tar lorg do maithib Muman, ML² 274 . do-beir s.¤ fri s.¤ do engages in combat with: dorat . . . P. sciath fri s.¤ do Hectoir, TTr.² 1175 . tucastar sciath fri sciath, CRR 45 . buailid s.¤ strikes the shield (as an act of defiance or encouragement): sgiath an bhádha mar do bhual when He proclaimed His love, Aithd. D. 63.23 . sgiath Dé i n-uair ar n-anaghail | do bhuail sé fan seanfhalaidh God, when saving us, set at defiance our original sin, 65.36 . ag éisteacht re béim sgiath, Oss. iv 16.18 . ? consephnatar forsna scīathu, ZCP viii 105.9 . Cf. Dinneen s.v. buaileam . lám (in) scéith the shield hand, the left hand (cf. 's a s.¤ da leith chlíu, MU² 489 ): tadbaid a láim scéith his left hand, BDD² 1527 . i cath is a cleith | dot lāim sceith cen scīs, KMMisc. 266.z . is í so slighe ina ttáinig . . . .i. láimh sgéith re Ráith Fhionnchaoimhe, Ériu viii 135.24 . do t-suided Oilill ar gualainn sgeit[h] Medba at M.'s left, Celt. Rev. i 296. 11 . tug an dara fecht leagadh ar laimh na sgeithe fa nasgail ar truaill an chloidhimh, Rel. Celt. ii 188.37 . fo óens.: dolotar ina curaidh . . . i n-aoncomairli fo aonsciath d'orgain ina cathrach together (?), Anecd. ii 50.15 .

(b) by metonymy fighting-man, warrior : cach sceith fri creich, .i. cach aen ar a mbiadh sciath ar a scath, do neoch bus incomlaind (sic leg.), do dul ar in creich, Laws i 158.3 Comm . (word om. before sceith?). ? comlín sciath is lann is laech, Irish Texts ii 34 § 23 . ro badh lugha iná céd scciath comhairemh a throighteach, AFM v 1748.8 .

(c) in fig. meanings protection, defence, safeguard : sciath Aitherni .i. aér ┐ glám dícend ┐ ailges, LL 187b2 (cf. RC xxvi 24.8 ). o chath-sciath na fírinde, PH 4851 . clár Cliach . . . | fa sgiath dorcha druigeachta `under a dark veil of wizardry', Ériu iv 222.24 . lá ar sgáth sgéith an dlighidh, L. Cl. A. B. 156.83 . nó gur éirig áirdsciath áibnesa eturru ┐ cumha in degláich sin, Caithr. Thoirdh. 120.14 . an dream . . . do ghlacadh faoi na sgéith `should be received into favour', Donlevy xiv 13 . sgiath an chreidimh, Ephesians vi 16 .

(d) legal: muna be sgiath aga dhitin, Laws ii 58.10 Comm . `unless there be some valid excuse protecting him', Plummer, Ériu x 117 . atait secht fir-eberta . . . ┐ is doiligh uasal-sciath ditin do thabairt tairsib, Laws v 290.26 Comm . , glossing secht frithberta . . . ada andsum do ursciathu[d], 17 . s.¤ .i. ditin, ut est ata[t] .uii. frithberta i ndligid ada annsa do aurscíathadh, O'Dav. 1413 .

(e) metr., name of certain devices (addition and deletion of letters, inversion, metathesis, etc.) permitted in order to avoid faults in versification: is sead is sciath and cach baile i mbí in locht ar dús ┐ in leasugad fa deoid, O'D. 961 ( H 3.17, 671 ). na ceithre fichet sceith ┐ gnuisi lesaigit iat, ┐ is slán dond filedh a ndénam re hécentaid (after list of faults), O'D. 962 ( H 3.17, 672 ). ? faidh uile a Aimirgen abair .i. sciath cait inn so, O'D. 2195 ( Nero A vii 135b ). See Auraic. 1793 ff . , the poem 1962 ff . and the exx. 5287 ff . is iat sin na da sciath deg, 2002 . is iat sin gnuisi is sceith | d'eicsib nochon at anfheigh, 2119 .

(f) of persons in sense of protector, guardian : cech nōeb . . . | rop scīath dún diar nimdegail, Hy. i 20 . a sgiaith chogaidh Chláir Banbha, Studies 1928, 266 § 2 . a sgiath coimhdhe chuain Uladh, TD 3.44 . sgiath ar n-a fhothrogadh a hór (Mary), PBocht 2.32 . bí sé na scéith don druing shiubhluighios go hionnraic `he is a buckler', Proverbs ii 7 . do ghabhas-sa léi, mar scéith dom cheartchumhdach, Keat. Poems 77 .

See also under scáderc.

Compds.

(a) with nouns: ¤armgaisced accoutrements (dvandva compd.?): comtis fir fo sciatharmgaisciud ré ṅdeo[d] lái (the dragons' teeth), LL 220b31 ( TTr. 261 ). ¤bert defence, protection: éirghe na hÉireann le Dia na ngrás | 's a naomhchroch n-a scéithbheirt um fhiannaibh Fáil, Hackett xliii 102 . ¤buiden armed band : dar Scadarc re sciathbuidin | doria mac meic Muredaig, SG 373.9 . ? ¤charaib ( ¤chor?): con-uargabthar hídnai arda . . . uas sciathcaraib . . . na curad `Schildränder', Alex. 9 . ¤chró enclosure of shields : ro shuidigset . . . sciathchro na sciath . . . for a cind, Alex. 712 . ¤ergal: sciethergal n-etrocht n-ailenda . . . for ceactar na teora ruadchaistel battle-array of shields (?) (of three warriors), TBC-LL¹ 5593 (St.). ¤fhál protecting wall : da Iacop cen fích | sciath[fh]ál (sic leg.) ar mo scáth, KMMisc. 256 § 23 . ¤gaisced (dvandva compd.?): rosuidiged [corp] L. fo sciathgaisgiudh `with his shield and spear', Dinds. 7 ( RC xv 281 ). ¤lúirech protective corselet (?): re scath-glaine a sciath-luirech, MR 184.5 . Fig.: 's í ar ar sgáth 'n-a sgiathlúirigh (Mary), DDána 49.5 .

(b) with adjj.: ¤armach having shield and weapons. As subst.: ocht cét sciatharmach, Acall. 556 . ¤brecc having speckled shields: rogab in Scithia sciathbricc, LL 3b28 . ¤briste with broken shield: ina scceolangaibh sciathbriste, AFM vi 2058.3 . ¤búan: Cenel C. . . . | romum i scainnir sciathbuain `in the battle of strong shields', MR 162.25 . ¤gel: Scemel scíathgel of the bright shield, LU 1259 . ¤glan having a bright shield: fri hingin Scoriath sciathglain, Rawl. 82b12 . ¤lethan having a broad shield: go Scáthaig sciathlethain, TBC-LL¹ 4133 . bró sgiaithleathan sgoramhail, TD 16.50 . ¤nár: le Caithiss scerdha sciathnar, Irish Texts i 56.17 . ¤úaine having green shields: re Scithecdaib scíath-úainib, Metr. Dinds. iii 276.12 . ¤urlam: do erigh co scenbdha sciathurlamh with ready shield, TBC-LL¹ p. 651 n. 3 .