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4 a

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 4 a or dil.ie/5
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: á, an, an, i, ind, ina, ina, na, na, na, a, a, a, a, a, a, a, a

pron demonstrative relative, nasalising, that which, what . On the spelling á see Celtica ii 339 - 40 . Orig. neut. art., GOI § 473 (cf. 5 a). Combines with ro to form arro (in later lang. ar): arrolegais, Wb. 28d7 , but an- (the usual form before vowels) is also found: anrogadammar, Wb. 15c22 . anró gad, Trip.² 1370 . an ro-ráidis, PH 726 . an raibhe, Keat. ii 265 . In later language also spelt i n-: i n-atconnarc, LU 3322 . ind digní, Mon. Tall. 134.20 (§ 21) . Also ina n-: ina mboí, LU 8416 (H). ina fuaratar, Ann. Conn. 1235.13 . na n-: na tongat, Sc.M² 16 . na n-dingentar, TBC-LL¹ 6179 . na ndenaid, Auraic. 58 . In O.Ir. folld. by absolute and deuterotonic form of vb. a n-asbiur, Wb. 17d12 ; but later the conjunct and prototonic forms become common (see Bergin, Ériu xi 139 n.1 ): a taibred, Sc.M² 1 . a sir, Dán Dé xxiii 37 . a ndenat, PH 2858 . When the demonst. rel. is plural in meaning personal pronouns referring to it are plural: a n-as sīrem diib, Ériu ii 130 § 102 . The vb. may also be pl. a mbid . . . de neithibh, Desid. 5724 . a rabhadar do liagaibh cloch, Keat. ii 3504 . a bhfuilti corrtha those of you who are tired, Donlevy 216.6 .

Frequently cecha n- whatever, however much, etc., see cech.

(a) As nom.: an as suthin, Wb. 13d9 . anasberthar ho giun what is spoken, 5d14 . for nem a (an v.l.) conrúalae . . . as mó mílib míle, Fél. Ep. 25 . arrobúi isind tsaltir nuli the whole contents of the Psalter, Mon. Tall. 133.11 (§ 16) . a nas aithgin do airechaib feda iseadh is dire do athechaib feadha, Laws iv 152.5 Comm. seachnuim a mbí a n-éintigh, Desid. 6426 . a dtarla dá chóir, TSh. 762 .

(b) As accus.: á fil etarru what is between them, Wb. 27d19 . tuicci an gaibes in salm, 12d42 . a pridchimmeni what we preach, 15b14 . a forchongair do chomalnad, 5c23 . a ndogensa what I shall do, LU 8082 ( FB 6 ). tongu-sa a toinges mo thúath, MU² 928 . mā rosaigh a broth a n-rosaig a blas `if its broth attains what its taste attains', RC xii 86 § 91 . ar ordaigh an t-aingeal-sain, Dán Dé xiv. 14 .

(c) With follg. partitive DI: a ndudesta . . . di foirbthetu, Wb. 1a9 . a césme di cach imniud, 13c7 . anrofiugrad di Críst `what has been figured of Christ', 15a34 . a mbaī di mnāib . . . hi Cūailṅge, TBC-I¹ 868 . a nrobíth leis día slōgaib, 1657 . an fogebed in gilla di scothaib, Trip.² 365 . ni hairemthar ar' marbad do macaib rí, RC xviii 173.13 . With different order of words: a n-du imnedaib . . . fo-daimi, Ml. 55d11 . a ndo ligdath doadbat, Ériu ii 114 § 39 .

With copula and superl.: a n-as sirem diib `the longest of them', Ériu ii 130 § 102 . a n-romba dech do thimthagaib flatha fer nGaoidel the best of the garments . . ., Corm. Y 1059 . an-as dech foruaradar do echraidh in righ, Marco P. 35 . i mba fearr do cach berla ┐ a nba leithiu ┐ a mba caemu `what was best . . .', Auraic. 1053 . in rop messa día muintir, RC x. 184.24 . Note also: is a mbeo beres a n-as beodu ┐ i na[s] segondo, TBC-I¹ 693 (compar. for superl.?). Less frequently with partitive gen.: doberat a n-as dech sét in dúine, TBFr. 419 . con-aitcetar ferann fair .i. an ba dech Mide, Dinds. 78 ( RC xv. 478 ).

(d) With prec. prep. (frequent in later lang.): do-farget (sic leg.) a rro-fera ar-a ferthar fris `he offers what he has given for what is given to him', Laws v 502.22 (see however GOI 680 ). ni tabair dír[e] asa n-gatass, Ir. Recht 22 § 24 (see GOI 298, 680 ). farnan bechtae on what is not certain, Bürgschaft 20 § 60 ( GOI 298, 680 ). bui dliged . . . fora raibhi do Thartraidhibh, Marco P. 82 . nach smuainid air a nabruid, Donlevy 468.13 . Gort an Óir ghairthear don Mhaigh . . . ó n-ar bronnadh d'ór lais-sean . . . ann `from the quantity of gold', Keat. ii 4470 . tré n-ar imreadar d'ulc air `on account of the injury they had done him', 4634 . tréas a ndearnsad do bhagar air, Desid. 3429 . Most frequently with DI, giving mod. dia, approximating to a new rel. particle: duine d'a marand indíu any man of those now living, PH 7318 . gach ní dā ndubrais, Feis Tighe Chonáin 105 . na h-uili obuir trocuire diar mol in eglus, ZCP vi 25.4 . ni ternō nech dona tainic anoir `of those that came . . .', Dinds. 23 ( RC xv. 323 ). an aenridiri is lugha dob olc da roibhi ina aimsir, ZCP vi 100.12 . gach aon dár fhás ┐ dá bhfásfaidh every one who has sprung and will spring, TSh. 13 . Temporal use: feacht n-æn da roibhe Cond Cetcathach, Ériu iii 150 . fecht n-aen dá táncatar, Acall. 361 . laithe n-aen … da raibe Find, 5737 . feacht n-aen da tainic Find, 5917 . la da raibhi Crist, Smaointe B. Chr. 1754 . gach úair da dtéighinn ’na theach, L. Cl. A. B. 187 § 9 . fechtus dia m-bui E. hi Frémainn, IT i 128 § 15 . fecht eli da raibe C. .c. a nDruim Cet, BCC 146.5 . lá airithi da ndechaid C. .c. do Temraig, 126.20 . feacht n-aon da ttainic Columcille, Anecd. iii 6 . feacht dia m-báttar, Hy Fiach. 336.1 . Also with acht: co tuctha a longa leó acht a ndechaidh ar éicin, RC xvii 361.17 (Tig.).

(e) When the antecedent is a noun the rel. clause is syntactically gen.: ar comalnad andotairrngert `to fulfil what he had promised', Mon. Tall. 146.20 (§ 51) . i farrad na n-dingentar innossa, TBC-LL¹ 6178 . cuirter fesa uathaib co hAth Cliath ar cend ar ḟacsat and do Gallaib, RC xviii 289.30 (Tig.). ag soin críoch ar chanamor `that is the sum of what I have sung', TD 15.54 . ag clos a ndoirtid, Desid. 4282 . ar son a ndéineann, 731 .

4 á

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 4 á or dil.ie/15
Last Revised: 2013

 

see .

4 acht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 4 acht or dil.ie/203

 

n in cen a.¤ (cheville) usually translated without doubt (perh. development from 1 acht): a.¤ .i. conntabairt, ut est, is teol, is taidhe cin a.¤ , O'Dav. 166 . as díor d'éolach sin uile do thaithmheach ┐ d'érnadh gan a.¤ gan ainbhfios, IGT Introd. 2.4 . co ndeisidh sodhain gin a.¤ , Anecd. ii 69.2 . nimdingēnad fuilide mo longad cen acht (: cacht) `my dinner, doubtless, would not make . . .' Ériu ii 56 § 7 . cin ach, AFM ii 570.3 . tar a.¤ , Fen. 276.25 .

4 áe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 4 áe or dil.ie/607

 

x see 1 aí.

? 4 aí

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? 4 aí or dil.ie/717

 

n swan: ai no aoi .i. eala, O'Cl. ai a swan Eg. Gl. 665 . Cf. æ chanas, Auraic. 407 . Prob. a mistake for aí .i. elada (2 aí), see Lochlann ii 205-6 .

4 ail

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 4 ail or dil.ie/957

 

adj expld. by native glossators as gentle, shy, modest: a.¤ .i. mín, Metr. Gl. 27 § 37 . meic Cainain, meic Enos a.¤ (: Adaim), SR 4947 . da Ailill a.¤ (: Conamail), Metr. Dinds. iv 284.27 (reading doubtful). Fintan, Mac tail trenóg / Dinterach a.¤ (.i. nairec[h]) Aedhan, Gorm. Oct. 9 . a.¤ .i. náireach, O'Cl.

Compd. ¤-menmnach: a. in fear sin modest-minded(?), BDD² 676 , 690 .

4 aile

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 4 aile or dil.ie/981

 

x see aille.

4 ailid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 4 ailid or dil.ie/1019

 

v (cf. 1 ail): airm in' rohailed a úag `was built ', Metr. Dinds. iv 176.13 . in cnoc in rohailed úag, 190.53 .

? 4 aill

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? 4 aill or dil.ie/1040
Last Revised: 2013

 

ind hear Ériu xl 39 : a.¤ .i. cluinti, ut est a.¤ mo Coirpri clú .i. farsan .i. faillsigh nó cluinti, O'Dav. 14 = O'D. 2203 (Nero A vii, 141a). a.¤ .i. cluin, O'Cl. a.¤ mo Morann mo coscc duit it cluais, cluinti clothuib lana, O'D. 2210 (Nero A vii, 145a); 'hear … my admonishing of you in your ear, hear with full tidings [i.e. retain all you hear]' Ériu xl 39 (Bretha Nemed Toísech) . ? Ulaid acot gairmsiu / ra ṅgabastar aillsiu, TBC-LL¹ 3446 = rotgabsad ar tfaillso, TBC-I¹ 2645 . ? canam alam aisneidim / . . . / cia ága . . . / dobeir do cac oen, LL 3710 . Cf. áilid, aille, aillóir?

4 ailt

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 4 ailt or dil.ie/1076

 

n a.¤ .i. cin, ut est ar na tuca a.¤ forsan eclais, O'Dav. 62 . Perh. also: a.¤ .i. a dliged, ZCP v 486.2 (B. na f.).

4 ainmide

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 4 ainmide or dil.ie/1463

 

adj (ainim?): ni renar nach ainim .i. aen dam no aen capall ┐ do neoch bes ainmid[e] doib chena defective(?), Laws ii 360.22 Comm. Cf. Stud. in E. Ir. Law p. 25 = domainech, O'D. 300 ( H 3.17, 235 ).

4 airc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 4 airc or dil.ie/1662

 

x see 2 airg.

4 aire

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 4 aire or dil.ie/1886
Last Revised: 2013

 

[io, n.] vn. of ar-fen. See LEIA and BBCS xxvi 447 . act of making a dam; dam, fence (on a stream), weir: a.¤ .i. cora ēisc, ut dixit a.¤ ēisc [ḟlatha], O'Mulc. 101 . a.¤ .i. cora éisg, O'Cl. a.¤, cora a fishing-weir, Eg. Gl. 677 . athgabail tresi . . . hi ta.¤ , Laws i 162.22 . im a.¤ fri sruth, 202.1 .i. ime ar cind in srotha, 204.25 Comm. a.¤ eisc (sic leg.) flatha, O'D. 1628 (H. 5.15, p. 16a). a.¤ .i. ime nó fal, ut est a.¤ eisci flatha .i. ime do denam ar cinn eisc na flatha ┐ adeir sé: ni techta ni bes [mó] nó trian inn uisce do a.¤ (.i. do ime) `to dam more than a third of the water', O'Dav. 60 . a.¤ srabha sraibh .i. draighin, Auraic. 1192 = O'Dav. 180 (.i. fal). clíatha draigin is derg-scíach / gníset moa n-áth dia a.¤ to fence it, Metr. Dinds. iii 316.3 . Fig. sech is áire do Albain óig / mind n-óir D. Ch. (i.e. Colm Cille,) iv 98.y .

4 airech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 4 airech or dil.ie/1898

 

adj o, ā (1 aire) heedful, attentive, cautious: nach foláir dhúinn bheith innill aireach, TSh. 1187 . bheith ro aireach, Desid. 514 . ainmhídhe aireach nó mothuightheach, Párl. na mB. 2212 . ? trireach .i. tre-arech, tri airíghthe íntí, IT iii 105 § 210 .Superl. [tar] na gadhraibh do b'airighe ó a dtánaig ['n-ar dtuinidhe], Aithd. D. 45.7 . Adv. bī go ha.¤ itir nāimdib, ZCP vi 272 § 11 .

? 4 airer

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? 4 airer or dil.ie/1933

 

ind ar bi taithidhech leptha nurdalta acht a.¤ , Laws i 190.22 Comm.

4 aires

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 4 aires or dil.ie/1943

 

x see airisiu.

? 4 airide

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? 4 airide or dil.ie/2094

 

n a.¤ dála .i. ceann nó airchinneach dála, O'Cl. Cf. airegda (-ae), 2 airitid.

4 aiscid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 4 aiscid or dil.ie/2477

 

x see aisicid.

? 4 ala

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? 4 ala or dil.ie/2861

 

ind amra in rith ala fil foí innuassana, LB 240b24 = amra in rith atá foe anuasana, RC xx 414 glossing amrad inso, ACC § 140 . Perh. a form of aille, q.v.

4 all

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 4 all or dil.ie/2912

 

adj perh. variant of oll great, noble: ropat a.¤ ard a Almu `noble and lofty', Metr. Dinds. ii 78.12 . Feis Temra . . . ic rígaib allib hErend `by the noble kings of Ireland', iii 170.z . a.¤ .i. oll. oll .i. mór, O'Cl.

Compds. ¤-bach: a. ṁbratha brógene, LU 8688 ( FB 52 , see Celtica vi 231 ). ¤-bág: fer . . . co nall-báig `of great battle', AFM ii 728.4 . ¤-chró: rotuitset [i]na nall-cró great gory mass, BNnÉ 32 § 48 . ? ¤-gáire: allgaire cúach mellach lind great laughter , LL 298a1 ( SG 366.4 ). ¤-glór: idir allghlór is éifeacht great noise , Content. xiv 50 . all-ghlór gan ḟréimh `empty boasting', xvi 84 . See allás, allguth. ? With adj. ¤-glan: con nem n-a. noebúasal, SR 1656 .

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