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borg

Cite this: eDIL s.v. borg or dil.ie/6409

 

n o, m. (med. Lat. loanword, Bidrag 121 ) `seems to mean the outer circumvallation round a `ráth',' O Daly, Celtica v 190 . Usu. fort; (fortified) town, city; castle: atbath b.¤ (brog, brocc, v.ll.) tromm Temra, Fél. Prol. 165. b.¤ Aillinne úallach, 189 . b.¤ Emna, 193 . ro lín burgu (burcu, brugu, v.ll.) betha, 140 . liss aurslocthi. Búirg (i subscr.) fáenbéla (rhet.), LU 8715 ( FB 53 ). dar a dorus in mórbuirg (: uird), TFerbe 842 . cuirt no borcc gl. curta, Sg. 57a6 . aball . . . ō burg Etāile dianit ainm Abellanium , Corm. Y 1272. orofalnamar ara betha borgcaib (rhet.) since we ruled o'er the strongholds of the world, Corp. Gen. 79.12 . nírbo b.¤ (brog, broc, borb, v.ll.) báeth ar bruidin (of Tara), Metr. Dinds. i 32.2 . In fanciful n. loc. roselt ar B. mBúredach / brudne Da Dergae turchomruc (rhet.), LU 7279 (BDD). dimbúaid sceóil / fartbi ecland / la b. dubaithech (rhet.), 8943 ( FB 71 ).

Compd. ba borg-bile co mbodb-ṡlait `a castle like a trunk' (of Tara), Metr. Dinds. i 28.14 .

immurgu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. immurgu or dil.ie/27968

 

Forms: immorro, im, imr, imurgu, immurgu, immurgo, imargu, immurco, immargu, imarcco, immoro, ummoro, immurro, imuro, imorú, imoru, imoro, imora, imuro, immorru, amorra

adv Mid. Ir. immorro. Rarely written in full in MSS., generally in contracted forms im, imr. Spellings: imurgu, Wb. 33a5 . immurgu, Ml. 34a16 . immurgo, Mon. Tall. 148.11 . imargu, 129.10 . immurco, 138.21 , 155.31 . immargu, Ériu vii 162.27 . imarcco, D IV 2 40rb39 . immoro, LL 238a40 . ummoro, IT iii 504.587 ( LL 257b13 ). immurro, IT iii 76.15 . imuro, 37 n. 21 . imorú, Hib. Min. 16.29 . imoru, ib. y 0 . imoro, 18.18 . imora, Alex. 931 n. 9 . imuro, Plummer MS. notes (< Laud. 610, fo. 82b1 ). immorru, Imr. Brain § 61. amorra, C I 3, 45b1 .

Immurgu (? imm-ro-gáu, GOI § 907 ) never occurs at the beginning of a sentence and was stressed on the second syllable as its use in poetry shows: amorra ┐ cheana ┐ idir ... focail nach berar ara cheill iad ┐ as c. comardadh riu adhon ... ni bia mo mheithealsa amorra | gan leith-shearsa leanna, C I 3, 45b1 . aniú iomorra gan mearbhaill, Content. xxii 10.

Used as conj. and adv. with adversative force or emphasizing the previous word or phrace, however, moreover, well, then, now, indeed, in truth, but , etc. :

I With adversative force serves to contradict or modify a previous statement or something implied in it, or to express contrast with what has just been said = however (autem) : ní thucci mo menme immurgu gl. nam si orem lingua spiritus meus orat mens autem mea sine fructu est, Wb. 12d11 . ithésidi immurgu beta hícthi `it is they, however, (and not the aforementioned) who shall be saved,' 3d29 . is beo ind anim tri sodin is marb in corp immurgu trisna senpecthu, 4a6 . dosnicfa cobir cid mall bith maith immurgu intain dondiccfa, 5c5 . rubu fersom muintere ... nirbu choimdiu imurgu `he had been a man of (the) household ... he had not been a lord however,' 33a5 . ní boi immurgu hi cridiu gl. humanitatem quidem uerbis, Ml. 34a16 . ní ar indí asndarobartis immurgu inna briathra hisin, 31b22 . ba cunda[il] sem immurgu `he was sage however,' Thes. ii 291.6 . denúas dotiagar hisatech ... sis iarsuidiu ... dotiagar ass immurgu `from above is the coming into the house ... beneath, afterwards, is the coming out, however,' Thes. ii 292.20 ( Ml. Poems II ).

In O.Ir. combined as strengthening particle with cammaiph and 1 noch and 2 ocus : camaip immurgu oen cháractar f, `we have, however, formed one character f,' Sg. 9a22 . noch immurgu ní rolsat som cumachtae ṅdé diib `however they notwithstanding did not cast the power of God from them,' Ml. 16d2 . guth sechmadachti ┐ todochaidi immurgu `a word of the preterite and at the same time of the future,' Sg. 147b7 . issinn aithrech a ndoriṅgénsam risin fer ind ingen immorro atbélat a bbéoilside, TBFr. 246. vir immorru a virtute anima in tribulationeis ` `vir,' however, (i.e. in contradistinction to `homo'),' ... Hib. Min. 457. persa na laidhe imorro Dubhthach `but the author of the poem (i.e. as opposed to the authors of the Senchas) was D.', Laws i 4.13 . muna fidir imurro ... [is] slan dí `on the other hand if she does not know she is guiltless,' iv 60.y . uball quasi aball, aball immorro ō burg Etāile dianit ainm Abellanium A., however, comes from ..., Corm. Y 1272 ( Anecd. iv 111 ). ni tarat immurgu do Chonnachtaib acht dā c[h]ois na-mmucce, Sc.M² § 18. his taithbingith immargu nachiddeni ar oen in cethardi-se `on the other hand anyone who does not do it for one of these four reasons is a fault finder,' Ériu vii 162.27 . lecsiu immurgo ildeth (sic) nde mess for a menmainsom `leave it, however, to God to judge the mind of such' (viz. and do not refuse them the sacraments), Mon. Tall. 148.11 . bes biaid immurgo láad muindtirisiu ní nodglanai tene brathai `thy monks, however, (viz. in contradistinction to mine) shall perchance have sometimg for the fire of doom to cleanse,' 130.2 . achd ni Maolrúoin imargu asrubart frissim ón `it was not, however, Maelruain that had told him to do this,' 129.10 . éisem ro ba anmchara dí-si, bái sí immorro oc a thothlugud-som `he was her confessor but she was soliciting him,' Ériu i 68.2 . inghen immorro tusa ┐ nī rochinnis t'óighe co se `you, however, are an unmarried girl and have not dedicated your virginity so far,' ACL iii 309.12 . `cid on, a maic ... nach fetur-sa' `nat fetur-sa immurgu' `I do not know it however' (=even if I should know), BColm. 76.5 . ba dímicin mór leo Fergus dia tabairt hi tindscra ... roptar buidig immorro do Chonchobor ar a degthindnacul dóib all the same they were thankful to C., Ériu iv 24.13 . do bhríogh go mbí onóir ar an seabhac ré linn a bheatha ... an chearc iomorra, léigthear san laithigh dhi ré linn a beatha, TSh. 923. atá an eaglas Romhánach na héineaglais ... na heiricidh iomoro as beag dhíobh nách bí contrárdha dá chéile, Ó Héodhusa 34.7.

II With emphasising force, moreover, besides, now, then, verily, indeed:

(a) to add an additional statement : nísnaiccilled san immorru acht dusnéced nammá, Imr. Brain § 61. dorigne Dia imorro in rigthech uachtarach do shlog amra airchaingel `moreover, God made for the ...,' Todd Lect. iii 38.1 .

(b) to continue a narrative now, then: is e imorro a n-airem na slog sin `now this is the reckoning of those hosts,' Todd Lect. iii 42.26 . ro-érig immorro Conchobor mochtrath ar n-a barach `now C. arose early on the morrow,' CRR § 14. dála iomorro Cairbre Niaidh Fear, CRR² § 28. ó thainigc immurgu cusna dēdenchu (sic leg.) `now when his end was approaching,' BColm. 106.1 . is e adbar, imorro, fa tainic an diabul `now this is the cause why the Devil came,' BCC 378.25 . a n-inbaidh na huaire ... sin immorro `at that particular time then,' Fl. Earls 114.3 .

(c) as strengthening particle indeed, verily (sometimes with slightly implied opposition to a previous statement) : `is anim dún nad-fil is taig' `atá immurgu' ol Conall oc tabairt chinn Ánlúain assa chriss, Sc.M² § 16. "úair ní th'ari-siu téit ria" "téit immorro" ar in gilla `for it is no business of yours' `it is indeed,' said the servant,' Ériu i 134.5 . cade didiu bar fisse? or Fiachnai. nī ansa immurgu, viii 157.20 . is hí immurco foropir cáich lindi indsin `this, indeed, is what we consider to be the additional labour of each man,' Mon. Tall. 133.11 . "in ba i tossaig no fain deriud?" "i tossaig imorro" or sisi, Mór M. § 1. ni ar meth gascid ... dorochrabair-si acht forlond do imbirt foraib ┐ ummoro tra, ar si, darochair far comlund lib-si, IT iii 504.587 .

síl

Cite this: eDIL s.v. síl or dil.ie/37503
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: silta, sīlta, siltaib, sīltaib

n o, n. Later m. In Mod.Ir. dental forms in pl.: n p. silta, ACL i 326 § 46 . a p. sīlta, RSláinte 1160 . d p. siltaib, Irish Texts v 1.3 . sīltaib, RSláinte 5062 .

The seed of plants and animals : s.¤ gl. hoc seminum, Sg. 63b9 . s.¤ gl. semen, Ir. Gl. 1009 . is a chorp fessin arafoím cach s.¤ .i. mad grainne cruithnechte foceirr is diass cruithnechte rl., Wb. 13c24 . a s.¤ inrolad hisin mais nécruthaigthi gl. creaturae seminibus, Thes. ii 10.19 ( BCr. 18a1 ).

(a) of plants: Abellanium , is as tucad sīl n-aball leo, Corm. Y 1272 . is dilsi in air cona ṡil `the tillage and the seed are forfeited', Laws iv 132.26 Comm . ceithre meich fichet do sil brach[a], ii 200.26 Comm . coconidium .i. sil lauiri `laurel-seed', ACL i 332 § 48 . luibi cach shīl | shīlas ar gach slicht guidheasun, iii 235 § 23 . do shilaib ┐ do thorthib ┐ do chethrib na tuath, PH 6288 . gnáth folamh síol na sligheadh the seed by the wayside, PBocht 12.3 . sil cnaibi, Irish Texts v 6.15 . moluim sīlta osglus na dūinti do bearbad ar na sīrōipib sin, mar atāit so, .i. sīl melones ┐ cucurbita . . ., RSláinte 1160 - 1 . ag cur ṡil sowing, Mart. Don. Sept. 9. 60 boirilli sīl, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 33.17 . toradh an tsíl do chuir tú, ┐ toradh na fíneamhna, Deuteronomy xxii 9 . Freq. used figuratively: síol glan ní hionchuir im fhearann, PBocht 4.29 . iomdha a thoradh tearc a dhuille | dlúth a ghéaga glan a shíol (of Franciscan Order), 1.22 .

(b) metaph. cause, origin : sila ┐ adbair in chatha, CCath. 3852 .

(c) small amount, trace : torsig, truagaig, cen sil foiss `wearying, wretched, without germ of rest', MacCarthy 58.25 . cen sīl n-úabair nā haincceiss 'without a trace of pride or wickedness', SR (Adam and Eve) 30.1126 . do-rimnai Día ... a cosc cen sīl comairge 'God commanded ... that they should be punished without any ounce of pity', SR (Greene) 4153 . cen sīl ndogra 'without a trace of sorrow', SR (Greene) 6131​ .

(d) the semen virile : ó oínsíl rogénartar da macc de `of one seed have been born two sons of him', Wb. 4c12 . immefolngar dund s.¤ ferdu, Ml. 44a10 . intan dofuissemar sechtair a sil sin ┐ gainethar hon mathir is and is ainm do fructus, 44a11 . teistiu int s.¤ immefolangar tri . . . peccad, 71c6 . a shíol do dhórtadh tré na chionta féin, Donlevy 94.4 .

(e) very freq. in sense of race, progeny, descendants : dar cenn peccati . . . s.¤ Adim, Wb. 15d20 . fognífi do s.¤ do sílaib do bráthar, ┐ nocho [bía rí dot sil co bráth], Trip.² 740 . re s.¤ dálach dóine `before men's multitudinous race', Fél. Jan. 1 . toisech sil nAnmchada, AU i 516.x (A.D. 1006) . mairc ócán dom s.¤ | asa holc donruá, LU 9907 . s.¤ a féola the issue of her body, Laws iv 44.7 . isedh i tabuir duine a fearunn . . . do s.¤ a cholla, iii 46.28 Comm . in s.¤ ro sílaig Neimed, LL 7a20 . ní roclos fri sīl fri cath | nōnbor nodasáraiged, ZCP viii 333.6 . Síol gConaill ag teacht tharainn, DDána 113.29 . sgaoilid síol Eóghain ag Aodh `at Aodh the seed of E. divide', TD 26.15 . do bhi a síol ó sin i le | ag leanmhain luirg na deise, 26.11 . íarsma degsil na ndeich righ, Irish Texts ii 35 § 31 . ba medithir re hArcail mac Amphitrionis ar met ┐ ar mesnig in milid sin, uair ba da s.¤ do, TTebe 2557 . a síol fá dhruing ndanardha (of Ireland), Keat. Poems 1184 . Of a single individual (viz. Níall Noígíallach): do dhiúlt Corc . . . | do shíol mhór (do mhór shliocht, v.l.) Chuinn Cheudchathaigh, L. Cl. A. B. 108. 198 . Freq. in sept-names, see Hog. Onom. s.v. síl.

(f) of animals, offspring, breed; act of breeding (?): sil cethra do luad .i. na cethra siles ac neoch do cennach doib, Laws ii 358.4 and 28 (`Kauf von Samen vom Vieh', Thurn. Stud. in E. Ir. Law p. 23 ). saithe . . . do sil bech, Laws ii 122.1 Comm . bliadain a dtuisten, bliadain a seoil, bliadain a sil `the year of their breeding' (of bees), iv 164.3 . .iiii. fir eich ┐ da ban each riata cenmotha a groig uair dlegar do a da cutruma fri sil do groid, O'Curry 239 ( H 3.18, p. 133 ). culén do shíl in chon út, TBC-LL¹ 1048 . nī hē sīl in maigri maill | āsas a hiuchra ālaind, ACL iii 238 § 3 .

Compds. ¤aicme race, descendants : i síol-aicme Ádhaimh, TSh. 3261 . ? To this: ¤búalad act of threshing (?): ruc ruathar fuatha . . . da silbhualad `to utterly smash them', CF 683 (`with sil- Professor Rhys compares W. chwil- in W. chwilfriwio', Meyer). ¤cháith chaff, husks : nocho gran seang silcaith slethcraiti, IT iii 89 § 116 . dā óibell tened i mmedón suipp sílcátha corcca, MacCongl. 15.2 . ¤chur act of sowing: gurab é an diabhal do-ní síol-chur ar na coirthibh i n-aigeantaibh na ndaoine n-urchóideach, TSh. 6334 . ná déantar libh síol-chur idir na dreasaibh = nolite serere super spinas, 10475 . aimsir an tsíolchuir, Gen. viii 22 . Metaph. silcur na tragha ona fearaib 'na faenluighi, CF 810 . aimsior tháinig Pádruig . . . do shíolchur chrábhaidh ┐ chreidimh, PCT 27 . Hence: sílchuirid sows, propagates : an ithir go n-a harbhar | . . . | ós libh do síolchuireadh soin | críochnuigheadh sibh an síolsoin `as Thou didst sow the seed', Aithd. D. 50.32 . mar gur síolchuireadar craos i n-áit an troisgthe, Eochairsg. 3.15 . do bhris sé síos an chathair ┐ do shíolchuir sé í le salann, Judges ix 45 . síolchuiridh sé imreasuin, Proverbs vi 14 . ¤pheccad original sin : bheith damanta trés an síl-pheacadh sinnsir, TSh. 3260 . ¤treb descendants: Naoi 'na fhíréan 'na shíl-treabhaibh féin = in generationibus suis, 3181 .