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Your search returned 116 result(s).

Ádam

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Ádam or dil.ie/282

 

Forms: adim, adam, Ādam, Á., Adom, Adum, Adam, Adom, Adam, Adaum, Adaim, Adaim

pn o Adam: cosmili fri adam `like unto Adam', Wb. 13d12 . gníme adim , 13d15 . ho adam , d27 . Ādam (.i. terra robrum) i.e. homo uel terrigena, ōn talmuidecht, Corm. Y 1 . síl ṅÁdim ( Adaim v.l.) (: árim), Fél. July 15 . Á.¤ (: bādud), SR 1042 . Adom, 1065 . Adum, 1100 . acc. Adam, 1037 . dat. Adom, 838 . Adam, 1288 . Adaum (: gābud), 1969 . Voc. Adaim , 1554 : 1798 . gen. Adaim , 686 (for further exx. from SR see Ériu xvi 103 . )

Compds. ¤-chlann children of Adam, human race: d'fhuil na Adham-clainne, RC xviii 182.2 (Tig.). is ferr delb don Ádhamcloind, Acall. 7562 . ¤-fhuil: an Ádhamh-fhuil the race of A., A. Ó Dálaigh xv 2 .

Adamnán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Adamnán or dil.ie/288

 

n. pr. m. (adomnae + án, Wortk. 131 ): Adomhnan mac Alddailedh, AU i 336 z . do A.¤ Íae, Fél. Sept. 23 . Cáin Adamnáin, name of a law-tract, see Cáin Ad. Fís Adomnán, LU 1938 . ro faillsiged . . . do A.¤ , 1962 . co harus Adomnain, Lec. 75va35 . Adamnan .i. homunculus .i. disbegad anma Adaim , Corm. Y 2 .

4 ail

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 4 ail or dil.ie/957

 

adj expld. by native glossators as gentle, shy, modest: a.¤ .i. mín, Metr. Gl. 27 § 37 . meic Cainain, meic Enos a.¤ (: Adaim), SR 4947 . da Ailill a.¤ (: Conamail), Metr. Dinds. iv 284.27 (reading doubtful). Fintan, Mac tail trenóg / Dinterach a.¤ (.i. nairec[h]) Aedhan, Gorm. Oct. 9 . a.¤ .i. náireach, O'Cl.

Compd. ¤-menmnach: a. in fear sin modest-minded(?), BDD² 676 , 690 .

áilid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. áilid or dil.ie/1021

 

v (áil)

(a) In forms of address: a Chommdiu non-áiliu `o Lord whom I entreat', Fél. Ep. 559 . Osualt nóeb ṅáilme `holy Oswald whom we implore', Aug.5. epscop Iacob . . . non-áilem, July 14 . not álim a Chorán, LU 10011 . ailiu (.i. cluintí) Dia, dirged mo set, Laws i 10.15 . ailiu (.i. alim) iath ṅHerend, LL 1634 . Eber alius (.i. ro alius), 1653 . See 4 aill.

(b) requests, entreats: sic ailes som fordiuclaim . . . inna námat, Ml. 104b5 . ailme trocoiri [De], Trip.² 3092 . áilsi P. . . . ara tailced maccu C. `P. besought him to let back C.'s sons', Thes. ii 240.22 (Ardm.). āilfithuss F. `F. shall demand it', Ériu xvi 146.17 . ailsius A. A. demanded it, Ält. Ir. Dicht. 17 § 8 . áiltius n-écces go líon bertus, Ériu xiii 41.7 .i. guidhe in t-eces iar [n]imat a briathar, O'Dav. 246 . áile laith go meala maith, Ériu xiii 40.20 = ailiu laith lam co meild maith .i. guidhimsi, O'Dav. 1218. 1199 . costud sída .i. álim síd do chách .i. brithemnas do chach, LL 187a41 (cf. RC xxvi 24 ). alid in fer / concerta do chách, LU 8475 ( FB 33 ). concertfa fír foraib / feidm airg ailfes alid, 8487 (ib.). tiagam . . . co ro aileam ar n-eolus i tig ar n-athar, YBL 181a32 . almini a n-itge / náchan tecma drochrann `we pray a prayer to them that an evil lot may not happen to us', Fél. Jan. 10 . ailim th'itchi a Mhaodhoíg mhais, SG 29.34 . aílit na naeimh anti Ruadhan . . . ar co tairsiudh co cutrama friu, BNnÉ 321 § 23 . ailiu uisce co torair muir, O'Dav. 569 . ro ailestar he co ro leced dond arrucht labrad, RC xlvi 236.5 . ail dún co rodilgaithe triut ar tarmthect trogh intercede for us, Ériu i 122.7 . á.¤ x im y asks x for y: áliss P. Dubthach im damnæ nepscuip, Thes. ii 241.7 (Ardm.). ailthus Eogan imm esomon E. prays them for a truce, ZCP viii 313.5 . á.¤ x for y asks y for x: ben Adaim alainn nadchres / furri alim mo lanles, SR 1192 . ális Patraic fair ócláig n-álaind, Trip.² 2221 . ronáil fair cona tormaigfed `bound him not to add', Mon. Tall. 150.3 (§ 61) . ised rusáil Finn fuirri, RC xi 129.27 . ro ailsiot na cloimh almsain fair, BNnÉ 325 § 44 .

(c) is entitled to, deserves, requires: ni alet na daine so acht log a notrusa (.i. ni dlegaid), BCrólige 12 . atat .iiii. airig i tuaith alid annlunn . . . amal no[n]dalett miad a fer . . ., 26 . ailid carnai cach aire `every freeman . . . is entitled to fresh meat', ibid. ata .iii.[ar] i tuaith nad ale (.i. na dlig) otrus na fiachu `there are three men . . . who have no right to either nursing or fines', 43 . atá fóessam . . . nad áili acht tri séotu ara c[h]uru bél, Ériu xvii 64 § 4 . ailid nemed trian tora[i]d, Laws iv 186.1 .i. airiltnigid, x Comm. ailid gach rath a somaine, 376.19 . alidside taurgille nairib (bees), 162.1 . ma dosraid nech do gort ┐ ma alaid aithgin `? if it (the trespass) is entitled to restitution', (Plummer MS. notes), i 182.9 Comm.

ainder

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ainder or dil.ie/1225
Last Revised: 2019

 

n o ? Later f. Explained by native glossators as neg. of der. See LEIA and ZCP xxv 11 , Jn. Celt. Stud. i 4-6, 131-3 .

(a) non-virgin, married woman: ander .i. ben .i. nī der [.i.] nī hingen, Corm. Y 79 . ander .i. muiler .i. ni der ni hingin. nó ander .i. anfer .i. ni fer acht muiler , O'Mulc. 48 . ander .i. nepingen .i. ben. der .i. ingen, O'Curry 864 ( H 3.18, 390a ). fedb aindir be carna, Laws v 448.1 (`eine Witwe, eine Frau (ander nicht Jungfrau), eine Buhlin', Ir. Recht 5 . Stokes, O'Dav. 528 , takes fedb ainder as a compd.). a Euá a andeir Adaim , SR 1208 . dercaid nad decsenach doirb annir (.i. ben) imnair, LU 10255 . bla aindir ēt, Laws iii 292.1 . cidbé a.¤ mná dobéra toil do'n fhior gráid, SG 47.30 . a.¤ gel Glain meic Carbad `bride', Metr. Dinds. i 46.4 . .l. a.¤ la cech n-aen dibh: claeclother cele la gach n-aindir mad doim he, Marco P. 27 . do mnaib ┐ bantrochtaib ┐ andrib ┐ ingenaib, LU 6537 . roscaindre fo Chrúaich Crea / na haindre, na hingena, Metr. Dinds. iii 464.66 . aebhdhacht re h-ainnrib, MR 116.14 . gnímh Úna tar gach n-ainnir, IGT Decl. ex. 1221 . carais Sccuitin . . . / aindre áille uchtgheala, ZCP i 64.2 . aingir . . . dont síol is áirde fuil, Ó Bruad. i 84 xiv .

(b) virgin, maiden: ander gach slan, Auraic. 607 . ainner . . . ac guidhi Muire . . . ima hoighe do coimet, Grail 2428 . an ainnear i n-uair a thuismhidh (of the Blessed Virgin), DDána 17.12 . ainner aluind, ZCP vi 26.7 .

? Of the war-goddess, in the phr. ainder trogain : lúaidi do gabair ngraifnig ngrip | for faithchib andre trogain tricc 'you guide your fast racing steed on the greens of the war-goddess swiftly', Metrik und Medienwechsel 227 .

1 airdrech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 airdrech or dil.ie/1868
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: airdrach

n also airdrach. See LEIA and Éigse xxv 48 . sprite, phantom: amal a.¤ gl. tamquam . . . prodigium, Ml. 88b5 . nimda scálsa ┐ nimda aurdrach . . . is de hsīl Ādaim [dom], ZCP xiii 373.12 . olc damna lōich fil and fo chosaib aurdragh (aurddrag LU), TBC-I¹ 453 . meisi .i. urtroighe, ut est Sliabh Mis, dona hurtroighib rodolba Banba do macaib Miled, Corm. Y 949 . in tan ata urtrochta not malartat, FB § 67 ( LU 8879 ) = intan isit urtraig, Eg. ( IT i 288 ). eccla na n-ammaite ┐ na n-urtrach, CCath. 3949 . ro ansat na hurtracha da n-aidhmilltib, 4363 . See also 1 ardrach

áirem

Cite this: eDIL s.v. áirem or dil.ie/1927
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: áram, áireamh, -imh, -mhe, áirimh, -mhe

n ā, f. Later also m. O. Ir. áram. áireamh (g s. and n p. -imh, -mhe) m. IGT Decl. § 101 . áirimh, f. (g s. and n p. -mhe), § 150 . Vn. of ad-rími.

(a) act of counting, reckoning, estimating; number, numeral: tri thogairm nanmae dæ ┐ arim a degmaine, Ml. 102d17 . ārem gl. et in calculo, Mittelalterliche volkssprachige Glossen 18 . bidh i a n-arim [fír]chert / do gaethaib da gaeth deec, SR 51 . baí ica n-áirim tria fisidecht, LU 2852 . Forgall . . . ansu árim a ilcumachta impossible to count, 10265 . teimel imorbuis Adaim / dodonarcheil ar araim `hath prevented us from being counted', Ériu xii 180.z (TE2). ocht míli déc a n-arim míli eighteen thousand reckoning by thousands, LL 219b5 ( TTr. 173 ). sé rígh ḟichead d'áireamh flath `in the reckoning of princes', TD 7.46 . is ed ro harmed ann xx. mili ar arem ainfir `twenty thousand to a man', Ann. Conn. 1256.5 . go ráinicc trí chétt cenn in airemh dibh, AFM iii 588.11 . áireamh a fhearta / lia ná áireamh sneachta sin, A. Ó Dálaigh xxxvi 10 . airim craeibhi ar conuibh Finn i.e. Finn's hounds are as numerous as branches, Acall. 192 . snaidhm díamhair ar tháobh na táibhle / sáor ag íarraidh áirmhe as, IGT Decl. ex. 1385 . dofarcat cech nárim `who surpass every number', Fél. July 15 . co ndechaidh tar airem a nesbadha their losses were innumerable, RC xviii 173.2 (Tig.). ni fuil airim ara med do clēirchib . . ., 30.33 . ro femed a airium and ar marbad do gallaib, Cog. 38.1 . number, numeral: huare is haram foirbthe ind aram séde `because the number six is a perfect number', Thes. ii 31.25 . numerus .i. is á n-aram `it is their number', Ml. 18d3 . isí chetne aram sainigedar fri hunáir, Sg. 41b9 . na nota áram gl. numerorum figurae, 6b21 . frisin n-araim ṅgrecdi gl. ad Graecum numerum, Thes. ii 34.28 . fotha airim (airmi v.l.) = fundamentum numeri, Auraic. 690 = fotha airme, 3319 . lochdach iomurbháidh a ttús chomhfhocuil . . . no áireamh i.e. a numeral is not to be used as first element in a compound, IGT Introd. 24.23 .

(b) certain collective quantity, amount, sum: in n-arim gl. summam, Ml. 36a27 . amal bid i n-araim gl. in summa, 88c12 . In Laws used in the technical sense of the proper number of stock which a claimant may place on land to which he lays claim, Plummer MS. notes: biri airem lat .i. da ech i llaim, O'Curry 850 ( H 3.18, p. 386a ). dobeir do airim isa tir, O'Curry 851 (ib.). berid forcraid nairme hi tir, ib. dilse nairme i.e. forfeiture of the cattle in an illegal entry, O'D. 746 (H. 3.17, col. 541). dia mbera airaín (sic leg.) for airím teachta do dainib ┐ eachaib if he brings any persons or horses in excess of the legal number (it is all forfeited), Laws iv 26.3 Comm. is leth dilsi nairme i sodhuin, 26 Comm. fiac techtai[g]the . . . ┐ dilsi nairme, iii 148.6 Comm. cenmotha airme ata mo, ii 110.14 .

(c) reckoning, computation (of time): 1602 do réir airmhe na Saccsan ┐ do reir rímhe na Romhan as 1603, AFM vi 2322.y . re n-aiream suas co saerNín, BB 14a5 ( MacCarthy 316.z ). do réir áirimh na nEabhraidheach, Keat. ii 124 . ind áireamh na naes, Leb. Gab.(i) 2.13 .

(d) grammatical number: áram inchosaig dede ar is áram ilair . . . acht asringba óen, Sg. 71a2 . dobriathar áirme `numeral adverb', 71b14 . ar is coitchen ade cacha áirme, 198a14 . dechor nuird in arim fil indib ┐ it anmmann uirdd fo ṡodain, 41b7 . ní aiccidit di aram air cia beit dobriathra persandi robiat sidi cen áraim, 71b8 . ni techtat arim, 161a2 . doḟoirdet áraim, 203b11 . do chenelaib ┐ áirmib ecsamlib `to different genders and numbers', 211a14 . etir di árim, 72a2 . trissin n-airim nilair, Ml. 48c19 .

(e) act of enumerating, recounting: ni tairesad a thuruim, no a asneis, no a arium no a innisi [an] ro odimset Gaedil, Cog. 50.18 . Machabeus . . . / cen árem ni foelab, Gorm. March 31 . áireamh ┐ iomrádh a n-éacht ┐ a n-áitheas do dhéanamh, TSh. 5578 . beag dhe ré n-áireamh na aghaidh little can be said against him, Content. xxv 10 . cóir a n-anmanna dh'airemh, IGT Decl. ex. 1136 . gi bé do dáileadh damhsa / gan é d'áireamh oramsa that you did not count against me, TD 14.9 . ní chlos éin-bhean aca sin . . . ós breacmhoigh Éireann d'áireamh no woman amongst them is heard of as having ruled over Ireland, Content. xxx 21 .

(f) estimation, repute, account: docuala h'airem ┐ h'ardnos, ZCP vi 25.21 . fuair ar eachtra áireamh ríogh `wins kingly glory on foray', Magauran 1683 . aon dhuine ba mó . . . aireamh, AFM iv 680.5 . ant aentaisech dob ferr icht ┐ airem ┐ enech, Ann. Conn. 1281.3 . [ní dearnadh] . . . ó ló [th'éaga] . . . / míorbhail nar chuir áireamh ort, DDána 59.32 .

(g) act of reckoning with, among (LA, I N-): is la brethir a n-áram gl. quare non sunt separanda a uerbo, Sg. 26b17 . nephdenom rainne di foleith acht a aram la ainm, 188a22 . mad t'árim immorro bail i m-biat dagláich, TBC-LL¹ 1851 . 'sgan mindeabhaidh ann d'áireamh, TD 4.18 . In phrases: téit i n-a.¤ : tet i n-airium aitgina do cuic seoit na hoidhche sin the five seds of that night are reckoned as part of his restitution, Laws ii 16.28 Comm. ni teit i nairem cinad do cuilain do breith having brought forth whelps is not taken into account in its trespasses, iii 416.1 . do-beir i n-a.¤ takes into account: nim-mór as tabart[h]a i n-árim na tacair, LL 229b44 ( TTr. 932 ). ni tardat i n-airium cenela n-examla, BB 3a7 . ní thibérsa tusa i n-áirem `I will hold thee of no account', PH 1804 .

(h) regarding, reckoning as (AR): ba háiremh ar easbuidh dUltaibh a iondsoigid fothaibh his attack as good as meant defeat (lit. loss) to the men of U., ZCP xiv 232.1 . meic ríogh san fhochla fhéinneadh / fíon gléigheal ortha d'áireamh they were reckoned as, IGT Decl. ex. 139 . clann M. . . . gé fhuairsed urri áirem though they have been reckoned amongst them (lit. her) (?), Hy Fiach. 214.2 .

airmitniugad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airmitniugad or dil.ie/2287

 

vn. of airmitnigid(ir) act of honouring: dia airmitnigud Adaim , SR 1846 . úradach ┐ a.¤ na huasalbaindse sin, Alex. 52 . acc oirmitniuchadh an dlighith, BNnÉ 324 § 40 . ? na maoine ilarda fasait isin tír do beirit airmitniugh[ad] for comarbaib na cintach, O'D. 550 ( H 3.17 c. 437 ) `prohibition', Plummer MS. notes (see airmit, 1 airmitiu).

1 anart

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 anart or dil.ie/3370

 

Forms: a n-a., a., anairt

n o, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 47 . Orig. n. n s. a n-a.¤ , Críth G. 312 . Later m. and f. a.¤ m., IGT Decl. § 25 . anairt f., § 13 . linen cloth: [amal a]nart no amal [l]índæ gl. uelut linteum magnum, Thes. i 497.9 (Ardm.). a.¤ .i. hin-irt .i. hirt bás . . . a.¤ didiu in bāis ar a bāine. Is cosmail fri líi bāis ar bāini or nā bī nī do dergge and, Corm. Y 37 . slíc ┐ uisce ┐ a.¤ , Críth G. 309 . ro thinól . . . na línbroit na h-anartai, SR 5972 . Of the drapery of the tabernacle: gníthi on drumslait immach / sithbi n-a.¤ . . . / oena.¤ tairsiu anechtair, SR 4284 - 4285 . a.¤ sróil, 4319 . muinter na sacart . . . / oc immarchur na n-a.¤ , 4886 . Of altar-linen: oc dénum na n-a.¤ altóra, Trip.² 2963 . .l. clocc ┐ .l. cailech n-altóre ┐ .l. a.¤ , 1700 . anarta coisecarthai, Ériu i 219 § 9 . tri hanairt slana . . . / ecortar im chorp n-Adaim gravecloths , SR 2221 . tárfaid dam in a.¤ tucas imme, PH 3735 . a.¤ and co fuil Críst (a relic), Trip.² 2824 . atnaig fót suide isin carput ┐ a.¤ léined imbi, LU 5412 (TBC). fuil for anairt namharcaigh .i. o tairisis fuil ar an anairt taithnemhaigh, O'D. 555 (H 3.17, 438). gorma.¤ cáel corrtharach, LL 11942 . tri .l. c. n-a.¤ n-imda / co ndath n-adarc mirrda mán, 296a21 ( SG 362.14 ). dos ligh d'anairt is d'uisce, Aithd. D. 57.14 . Cf. a.¤ ainm do mhaoithmhín, Metr. Gl. 15 § 34 . a.¤ .i. maoth, O'Mulc. 56 . anairt .i. máoth no mín, O'Cl. Cf. 2 art.

Compd. ¤-gel: ro tuirrnadar a seola . . . anairtghela, CF 73 . See 2 lín compds. and lám compds.

? as-maid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? as-maid or dil.ie/4455

 

v otá Síd Nechtain asmaig (asmaid v.l.) / co roṡaig pardus Adaim from S.N. it breaks forth till it reaches . . . (of a stream) (out of which it breaks forth?), Metr. Dinds. iii 26.7 . asmaith do menpaid na n-en / in gaeth ger 's a[n]t oichred fuar `on the little company of the birds has broken forth keen wind and ice', RC xi 130.41 .

athchomsán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. athchomsán or dil.ie/4717

 

Forms: athchosán, athmosán, achmusán, achusan

n o. Also athchosán, athmosán, achmusán. reproach, rebuke: co nglamrud co n-athchossan (: lár), SR 920 . mar atchualá Euá insain / reba adchosain Adaim , 1718 . aes ecnaig aes athchossain, 8347 . achmusan ┐ imresain ┐ imsergaile, IT iii 95 § 149 . ferais cechtar n-aí díb athcossan n-athgér . . . ráraile, TBC-LL¹ 3406 . garbdomna n-athchomsáin, GJ x 579 = athmosain, YBL 127b37 (see Festschr. Stokes 4 § 8 ). tosach agrai acbosan ( athchosan, LL 345b18 ), Tec. Corm. § 19 n.12 . ni filet . . . adchosana lind, Alex. 893 . doroin athcusan fris nar comaill etc., BB 444b31 . rap imda athbir immaithbir ┐ athchomsáin (leg. -án ?) ic gasradaib Gréc, LL 240b16 ( TTr. 1767 ). cach athis ┐ cach a.¤ , 228a26 ( TTr. 811 ). tuc achmosana imda da brathair, TTebe 2713 . ar tabairt ḟala nó achmusain damsa, Acall. 6117 . iar coitsecht na n-athcomsan sin, PH 2950 . an t-achmhusán orrdhairc the well-known reproach, DDána 29.24 . gan athchosan nech for a chéle isin comhdháil, AFM ii 1164.6 . tabhar achbhasan do, Luc. Fid. 5388 . In concrete sense blow, attack: tuc athchusan anmin . . . fair du gae, Cog. 184.2 . achusan, 182.26 . As vn.: ic ecnach no ic adchossan, PH 4520 .

? attócbáil

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? attócbáil or dil.ie/4947

 

n (tócbáil): robadar sil Adaim a ndorchadai ┐ a n-ingnad ┐ a n-athtogbail, YBL 86a44 . Cf. Ériu ii 140 § 147 .

caílle

Cite this: eDIL s.v. caílle or dil.ie/7750

 

n m. name of a division of land: as etarra ro rann a fherann . . . .i. cach re caille do C. ┐ in cailli ele do Fh., BLism. 163rb24 ( SG 320.12 ). is ē a ferann . . . Caelle (Caille, v.l.) Coluim ┐ Cell M., Corp. Gen. 89.24 . Tir da Locha . . . / fond fochrotha, cricha cuan / caille cailfota, Auraic. 5106 . cuileoin in chaille na crínaig / daene d'ḟuilḟeóil Adaim , LL 1265 ( Leb. Gab.(i) 172.18 ). siblaidh focrech is focain / augaíst is choili fretain, IT iii 69 § 17 . ? do ghuil truagh an Ruachtach caoille, O'Rah. 224.165 v.l. caoille .i. fearann, O'Cl. Cf. Crichad an Chaoilli boundaries of C. (Fermoy), name of a tract (ed. Power). See Dinnseanchas i no. 4 (1965) p. 87 . Cf. 1 caill.

1 cain

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cain or dil.ie/7783

 

i adj. similar in meaning to 1 caín: a chul ch.¤ (: máthair), ACC 51 ( RC xx 248 ). sgel c.¤ (: ioain), Blathm. 166 . Crīst c.¤ (: Ādaim), Ériu iii 144 § 20 . fo gne ch.¤ (: airmitein), SR 1499 . cainig C. (: timmarcain), 3753 . 'sin chamair ch.¤ (: anmain), 6323 . cétemain c.¤ cucht, Ériu xvii 89 § 1 . Colum ón chill ch.¤ (: menmain), Metr. Dinds. iv 84.65 . in carn coin (: imgoin), iii 356.3 . na cleas coin (: tanaid), 362.97 . cairddes c.¤ (: Cruachain), 244.31 . crann c.¤ (: barraib), 146.1 . coic cét c.¤ / . . . do bliadnaib, 8.81 . tlacht corcra c.¤ (: Romhair), ML² 509 . a tenga ba cupris c.¤ (: titail), ZCP viii 107.13 . cogadh c.¤ (: Choncobair), Leb. Cert.² 1838 .

Compd. na doirsi chaindelbdai (: lainderdai), SR 457 . For other possible compds. see Bretha 30 , 31 , 35 and Introd. p. 9 .

clann

Cite this: eDIL s.v. clann or dil.ie/9365
Last Revised: 2013

 

n ā, f. (Lat. planta) IGT Decl. § 40 .

(a) plant, planting; off-shoot; produce : inna clainde gl. plantationis, Ml. 102b3 . amal bid claind no clantais (as vn.), 63b9 . nua-chlandib(us) gl. noualibus , Études Celt. xxii 212 § 62 . clanda (gl. propagines) offshoots, Thes. i 3.24 . ni tesseba de cona chlana toruth cechtarda sin offshoots (of a tree), Vita Br. 35 . daib lugbort caín co clannaib súalach, Trip.² 645 . is ann āsait clanna in terra intan nodaguire sōl, O'Mulc. 65 . docechnad . . . fora maige comtis ambriti . . . cacha clainde, LU 10950 . etham taulchach . . . is e maith do cach cloinn ┐ da cach torad olcena, O'Curry 252 ( H 3.18, p. 146 ). Cf. Ériu i 39 § 4 . da trian clainne ┐ etha ┐ blecta, LL 635 . is i uir in talman dogni silad na c.¤ cuirtir inti, Auraic. 5653 . c.¤ a glande .i. torad craind, sic is torad [duini] oinchlann, O'Mulc. 199 , cf. 287 . mar shamhail do chloinn i gcnaoi `a kernel in a nut', Aithd. D. 90.9 . an gescca tóirtech co cclannaibh sualach .i. Berach, BNnÉ 23.x .

(b) Fig. of the growth of the hair, springing locks, tresses : folt didiu cland totim `a plant of falling(?) (i.e. which grows downwards?)' (s.v. folt), O'Mulc. 568 (prob. compd.). foighéga a ch.¤ bfíthe bfionn, Rel. Celt. ii 303.4 . folt na n-órch.¤ . . . gcas, DDána 49.3 . soillse ch.¤ id chróchbharr chúil, Magauran 953 .

(c) children, family, offspring; a single child; descendants, race, clan : tuistiu claindde, Wb. 28b17 . fo besad fir trebuir crenas tíir dia chlainnd cid risíu ro báe cland les, Wb. 29b23 . a pridchas dia claind no dia mmuintir `to her children or to her household', 11c8 . hó bói mo chland et mo chenéel, 29d6 . intan ṁberes claind is failid iar sin, Ml. 129c8 . primiti a clainde `the first fruits of their children', 99b5 . inna clanda gl. posteros, 122d1 . dun chlaind gl. proli, 107a10 . inna clainde ón gl. successione continua, 109c11 . hua chlaind fri claind `from generation to generation', 100b4 . Iadumdu .i. cland Essau, 26b15 . amochland `O my child', Sg. 204b2 . a maire a grian ar ccloinne, Blathm. 597 . nech . . . bes cráibdech . . . din chlaind, Thes. ii 239.3 = cenél, 1 . na ríg di chlandaib Cualann `clans', 295 § 5 (SP v). ní amal fogní athechán orbugud a chlainni, LU 10279 ( Tochm. Em. 21 ). ōsar na clainne, Corp. Gen. 43.1 . is sī c.¤ Lugdach Hūi Ochrai descendants, 28.6 . ar ḟer . . . na festar cland na cinél dó, IT i 127.14 ( TE 13 ). a clanna no a nadmanna no a ratha her sons, Laws ii 382.14 Comm. (`agreements'). clanda Gaedil, LL 338 = fini Gaedil, 344 . aenfer rob ḟerr . . . tanic d'ḟuil na Adham-clainne, RC xviii 182.2 (Tig.). dias cloindi . . . .i. mac ┐ ingen, xiii 9.7 . nir ghabhsat clanna, acht c.¤ Neill, / Erinn, MacCarthy 426 § 1 . na clanna ┐ na cenéla `tribes and nations', Ériu ii 196 § 10 . go ruc sī triar do c[h]lainn . . . dō, ML² 605 . comrac clainne Calatín children, TBC-LL¹ 2917 . is iat na hobrigthi glana cland na hanma, PH 7813 . slaníccid claindi Adaim , 3862 . is tu ba cland dam-sa dar eis mo mac, TTebe 2103 . an ch.¤ oirrdhearc éinfhir `the famous Only Son', Aithd. D. 77.1 . an Aodhch.¤ rer dheacar dréim, DDána 79.4 . fearr beagán cloinne ná c.¤ (i.e. a single child can be better than a large family), DDána 27a . 1 ; cf. 4 . do-ní éanmhac ionad cloinne, Aithd. D. 77.1 . an tsaorch.¤ ionmhuin óg (of a single child), DDána 41.18 . cf. Magauran 2217 . tinneas a cloinne `pains of child-birth', Donlevy 348.22 .

In wider sense, márgrían inna clandsa bands , Fél. Dec. 18 .

Compds. With adj. clannbhuidhe a chúl cam a chiabh yellow-tressed, Magauran 222 . an cing cabarthach clannlínmhar . . . Finn prolific, CF² 1251 . tré chúigedh clannlínmhar Connacht, 602 . Oilill . . . / céthach clannmaith clothamra `rich in children', Leb. Cert.² 156.26 . bái fo cumachtu clannmór with numerous offspring, SR 6802 . ga chéibh . . . clannuir chais, Rel. Celt. ii 302.11 .

With adj. derived from noun. folt úr clainndleachtach (clandleacthach, MS.) `properly arranged', Magauran 933 . moltchroiceann clannollach (`fleecy(?)' Gloss.), Cath MT 169 .

With noun. tú in crann ós do chlannaicme race, O'R. Poems 25 . do chuimniughadh a gcaradra d'a gclannbhuidhnib ceneoil, MR 96.y . clannchaolach na gciabh gcam `trellis-work of the curving braids', Magauran 973 . ionnúa ro genair on cclainnfhreimh comnairt common stock, Hugh Roe² 302.4 . do Chonall cona clandmaicne, Dinds. 132 = Conall . . . ┐ a cethrar mac, ibid. is innte ro tusmit clannmaicne A., CCath. 3865 . Lir . . . cona .uii. macaib .xx. ┐ cona ch. archena, Acall. 5118 . cúic mic dég do chloinn atá ag Finn a fhégmais a c. fén, CF² 207 . an té as fhearr dá gach aicme / as hé as ceann don chlannmhaicne `family', Studies 1924, 243.16 . hi ccodhnachus a ch. `command of his people', AFM v 1724.12 . ar a son fein ┐ a c. (pro se et generacione sua), Smaointe B. Chr. 5395 . errla Gormlaidhe . . . / . . . / suairc an clannmhuine cam ceart thick tresses, Magauran 1041 .

2 clas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 clas or dil.ie/9384

 

n ā, f. (Lat. classis) assembly, choir : c.¤ .i. a classe , Corm. Y 281 (classeus , MS.). c.¤ graece claisin (κλάσις) .i. diuisio , 356 . c.¤ .i. comtinol, O'Dav. 557 . ro chuala clais coir / siol n-Adhoimh, Blathm. 725 (síl Ádaim , ed.). trian dib fria clais trian fria croit trian etir clais ┐ croit `for the choir', Hib. Min. 280 - 1 . fri cetul na psalm do thus inna c.¤ `to lead the choirs', 166 . du thoisigecht claisse doib `to lead their choir', Ml. 107b3 . cosin chlais gl. (unus de cantatoribus) cum suorum choro, 61d6 . etir di chlais no gaibthe in salm-so, .i. quoniam . . . no gaibed indal[a] ch.¤ , 138d1 . classa búana bindi, Fél. Prol. 181 . ro chuala . . . c.¤ na maccraide oca gairm, Trip. ii 420.22 . in ch.¤ . . . / na noebaṅgel, SR 2141 . tri míle cheól n-écsamail cecha oénclaisse, LU 2034 . [d]i chlais aingel, 992 ( ACC 92 Comm. ). dí chlaiss sechtmogat do chlassaib celebartha, Celtica iv 30.414 . or ro cantae didiu in turem frisngaired in ch.¤ , O'Mulc. 213 . a c[h]erchaill clūimhe ┐ a geimhin claisi (among the effects of a deceased monk), ZCP vi 271.17 (prob. the hide mat on which he knelt in choir, Plummer MS. notes). c.¤ .i. claisceadal, no ceol no canntaireachd, O'Cl. clais .i. cora, Stowe Gl. 264 . Lec. Gl. 316 . ar chlais mheabhlaigh an mháidh chaim, Ó Bruad. ii 276 xxxi (`snares').

Compd. see claischétal.

clíab

Cite this: eDIL s.v. clíab or dil.ie/9470
Last Revised: 2019

 

n o, m.

(a) basket : cliab gl. qualus, Sg. 49b13 . cliab gl. curuis (leg. corbis), 67a3 . glíab (`for an cliab', edd.) gl. cassillum, PCr. 23a1 . da cliabh deac do forcroidh, Blathm. 34 . do mes iaromh iarna bhuain / di chlubaib ba cet, 104 § 46 (chliabaib, ed.). denam cleib, Laws v 474.4 . méit chléib búana cechtar a dá dordn, LU 6952 (BDD). r[uc] Fergus in cliab ngúalaich the fuel basket, Rawl. 139b25 . da dam déc . . . curtar cléib gela forthib ┐ ócláig imda isna clíabaib sin, RC xiii 68 § 72 (`paniers', SG ii 412.22 ). ba harbor i clīab tóll, MacCongl. 73.18 . do léigeadh síos mé a gclíabh, 2 Cor. xi 33 . in ro fáccbhadh . . . do chliabhaibh lóin, AFM vi 1986.17 . Fig. maille ré ceasaibh ┐ ré cliabhaibh crábhaidh, TSh. 4105 .

Of various objects with a framework of basket-work.

(b) skep, bee-hive : i ngait na cesach bech .i. diabladh in cleib, Laws i 170.19 Comm. cliabh bech, TFrag. 236.2 . fichi cliab i mbítis beich, Leb. Cert.² 1900 .

(c) cradle : cliab noiden gl. cunabulum, Sg. 53a13 . eitiud cleib .i. in t-etach dlegur aice isin cliaban, Laws i 168.2 , 172.33 Comm. dillat cleib dó `a cradle coverlet', ii 176.16 Comm. rod n-alt . . . éseom ┐ tri meic ind ríg i nóenchliab ┐ for áenchích, LU 1665 (ICM). dia mbeid aoinbheóil aoinchiche . . . dia mbeid aonchruinn cliabh cuadh cóir comalta, Ériu xiii 16.18 . Attrib. g s. ferann in mic bic .i. mac cleibh, O'Curry 1127 ( H 3.18, 451b ).

(d) coracle, currach : fer a c.¤ aen[ṡ]luaisti [.i.] duine seo curther a c.¤ áen[ṡ]luaiste amach for muir ina cintaib a one-paddle coracle, H 3.18, 227ay . i n-imrim do eich, do noe, do cleib, do cairr, do charpait, Laws i 166.21 (`basket'). Druim Cliab . . . is and dorónta cleib curaig Caurnain Chasduib, LL 22002 . loscad in chléib ┐ na seched (punishment for fishing on Sunday), Ériu ii 208 § 29 . In phr. c.¤ clis magic coracle(?), (`a hurdle for performing athletic feats on', Plummer MS. notes): is amhlaidh théid Sgáthach d'agallmha na ndee, ┐ clíabh clis fuithe, RC xxix 132 § 47 (`a feat-basket', Gloss.). do bhí Sgathach an tan-sin ┐ í iona clíabh clis, 134 § 48 . luid . . . C. co hairmb i mboi Scatoig. Dobir a di coiss for da mbordaib in clep cliss, ZCP iii 252.2 .

(e) Of the framework of the ribs, breast, bosom: uch mo chliab a nóibingen, Thes. ii xxii 9 (scribal note). roclos bloscbéimnech a chride re ch.¤ , LU 6462 (TBC). mo chridi im chliab, Corm. Y p. 107 n.2 . sceinnis a chridi . . . a miduactur a chléib, LL 22763 . dar compur a chléib ┐ dar farṡiung a bragat, TBC-LL¹ 1022 . do'n ochtmad asna uachtarach chleib a lethi deis Adaim doronta Eua, MacCarthy 48.12 . gur bruidh cliabh ┐ craidhi in cursuin . . . trina cēile (of a horse), ZCP vi 80.34 . artus .i. compur in chleib gl. pernas, Gild. Lor. 71 . mar eala threabhus cliabh na dtonn surface of the waves, O'Gr. Cat. 585.5 . Attrib. g s dear, beloved : a fhir chléibh `my worthy friend', Ó Bruad. i 206 xix . mo dhíograis cléibh, Párl. na mB. 2283 . Fig. i gcliabh chomhghonta an choguais, TSh. 441 .

Compds. With noun. dāil de for chlīabchless (nó cliabach .i. cliab fota mór occai) Clóitige (an epithet), ZCP xii 237 § 58 (Baile in Scáil), cf. cusin clíabglas ón Claítig 'until the Grey-chested one from Claítech', PBerchán § 95 . See also the phr. clíab clis above. cleth-cumgugad a cliab-asnaid ag a comdrud i cenn a cheile framework of the ribs , MR 256.21 . clíabinar sróil sirecda ré chnes inner tunic , LU 6557 (TBC). in cliabgae glaici, TBC St. 3260 . ní robai cen clíabgalar niro loing cen airchissecht, LU 6079 (TBC). leiges in chlīab-galair ` chest-disease ', MacCongl. 98.17 .

With adj. a carcair cliabhchumhuing cenngairb . . . itfrinn ` narrow-chested ', RC xxviii 318 § 36 . a ccoin fheargacha chraos-fhairsing chliabh-dhomhuin ucht-leathann, Feis Tighe Chonáin 20 . ┐ é corpremhur clíabhfairsing, RC xxix 128 § 35 . daltān clīabglan caem, ZCP vi 266 § 2 . fir corpremhra cliabhlethna, Stair Erc. 573 . in Dond Cualngi . . . calma comnart cliabremur, IT iii 246.79 . fer ardmor cliabremar, BB 427b24 .

comartha

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comartha or dil.ie/10762

 

Forms: comarde, -tha, -dha

n (1 airde). Earlier comarde (Wb.), -da(e). Both -tha and -dha attested by rhyme in class. verse.

(a) sign, mark, symbol, token, indication; proof, characteristic: For c.¤ in sense of mark (the coin) see Éigse xii 176 . comarde gl. signaculum, Wb. 10c19 . comarde óisa foirbthi, 22b15 . comarde . . . ar n-ícce, 21a6 . atá comarde fuirib .i. spiritus sanctus , 5 . issed a ch.¤ duit, faricfa in les n-oibela, Vita Br. 15 . comurtha gae a proof of falsehood, Laws v 310.x Comm. is ē c.¤ robūi etarru . . . .i. bleogan na n-earc . . . do lēcad iarsan abaind, Ériu ii 22 § 4 . comarda n-aichnid a familiar token, LU 8792 ( FB 59 ). cathugud cen ch.¤ `contending without proofs' (of pleading), Tec. Corm. 22 . scél can chomarda without evidence, LL 3293 . Cf. sgēl 's a chomhartha ré a chois, Butler Poems 1091 . comhardha dá chomhardhaibh `another sign heralding him' (: talmhain), Aithd. D. 37.19 . is tú a céile ar chomhardhaibh `by all signs', 44.23 . Iúdas do-rat c.¤ doib for Ísu, PH 3083 . fuair bean ar Chian comharrdha / nach biadh gan fhear n-ealadhna an indication (in a vision), O'Hara 115 . Síol gCéin dá chomhartha sin / do an cuid dibh `signs on it' some of S. gC. remained, 1657 . do bidh a chommor-sin do c.¤ aicce co ndechaid se dá oilithre docum na Romha, BCC 140 (140.30 . ? Leg. dá ch.¤ ). go bhfágann sé comhartha spioradálta ansan anam `a spiritual character', Donlevy 230.17 . ? buta, cusbóir, comhartha, Eg. Gl. 58 .

Miscellaneous applications: forḟagaib comartada imda in gach aird for doman traces (of Alexander), ZCP xxx 103.25 . folliucht no c.¤ in oirechais i mbátar = (non est in uentus) locus eius, PH 4272 . dhí bhus buan a chomhartha (: Lothra), Content. ii 33 . ag foillsiugud c.¤ an dileghtha symptoms, RC xlix 8.13 . na comharthadha cinnte fhorfhógras an bás, TSh. 1549 . na comarthada dermaire ┐ na mirbuli, PH 2763 . comhurta ingantuis (miraculum), Smaointe B. Chr. 2144 . comhluath is chluinid comhartha an chluig, RSClára 99b . comhartha na croiche, Beatha S. F. 394 . ré comhartha sóirt `by making signs to his partner' (at gambling games), Donlevy 98.2 . Mac Aingil 3338 . na dena sighna naid comharthadha ele, ITS xxix 202.5 . do tshuigigud na na[i]rdr[e]annach ┐ cá fad bíd siat ana comurtaib `zodiacal signs', O'Gr. Cat. 323.11 . imdenum na firmaminti . . . cona comartaidhti ┐ cona rindib, Grail 1641 . comarda criche `meers of a territory', Laws iv 142.25 Comm. comarda feadha no muighe, craind no liag no comarda talman, 144.3 - 4 Comm. fidhbla .i. crich son íncoisce bile feada, no fid comarda hé, 142.19 Comm. ail annscuithe, no crann, no líg . . . Dia mbed secht comarda dib and `land-marks', 17 Comm. c.¤ sliged `a way-mark', TTebe 1919 . ro soighset . . . co focus don chomhartha goal (in racing), Aen. 1051 . rosuidiged leosum . . . crich ┐ c.¤ cusa leicfitis an n-eocho, TTebe 2310 . bíd comardae fora mbudin distinguishing mark, token, LU 5540 . bid fó lim donísed c.¤ n-úait, 5402 . bíd etrond do chomarthu (of a ring), Fraech 153 . túag nime . . . i c.¤ ṡáertha ṡíl Ádaim , Ériu ii 198.7 a chomhardha catha battle standard, DDána 85.21 . leoman buidhe i srol uaine comharda na Craobh Ruaidhe, MR 228.6 . ro aithnigedar . . . Ercuil . . . ara comartaibh .i. lorg etc., Stair Erc. 1474 . corr-fhocail nach bhfuil coitchionn do mhíniúghadh: ag so a gcomhartha, (1) marked thus(1), Donlevy xxii 21 .

(c) Of a mark on the body: cen cu hairgitear indbe ina n-adharcaib na tuill ina clusaib .i. cin gu roib comarthadha orra, O'Curry 1906 ( 23 P 3, 23 (21)c ). Breasal Enechglas . . . .i. comarta glasa bai for a aighid, BB 249b28 . Cf. cosin comardu adgnithside with the . . . distinguishing mark (of bees), Laws ii 120.y Comm. cin cu be acht comurtha ann `though there should only be a mark (left on the body)' (contr. with cned which draws blood), 156.24 Comm. mana be c.¤ inn is crannchor eaturra . . . dia mbé c.¤ . . . (of an alleged assault), O'Curry 2191 ( Eg. 88, 7c ). comhartha an timcheallgheartha, séla fíréntachda an chreidimh, Romans iv 11 .

Precise application uncertain: epscop .i. co c.¤ no cen c.¤ `sign', Laws i 42.31 Comm. trí chomhortha na cruinne / . . . / trí rígh maolta gach móide / aonta trír na Tríonóide, DDána 60.13 (`beacons', Ir. Monthly 1922, 72 ). aisedh dobheir maoin im Fhlann / comhardha na nGall ria a ais `concord', AFM i 508.3 .

comdál

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comdál or dil.ie/10974

 

Forms: -áil, -ála, comdhail, comdāl, comhdhál, -áil, dál

n (2 dál) a d s. -áil, g s. -ála. n s. comdhail, Stair Erc. 379 . a d s. comdāl (: lān), Fing. R. 764 , comhdhál (: lámh), Duan. F. i 70 § 147 . n s. -áil proscribed form in class. verse: dáil (na dighe), dál (ort), comhdhál .c. (as m. ?) (comhdháil .l. ón chéill sin), IGT Decl. § 149 , cf. dál m., § 38 , f. § 149 . a s. comhdháil (: tonnbháin), O'Hara 1119 (see note). See PBocht 13.25 note, Duan. F. Gloss .

Meeting, tryst, assembly, conference : sloig sil Adaim . . . / atá acomdal friMoisi they have a tryst with M.(?), SR 4180 . dorónsat comdáil ic I., LU 3880 ( SCC 39 ). is and . . . baí in ch.¤ i nA. the meeting (of Medb and Cú Chulaind), 6158 (TBC). comdal cuan `a meet of hounds', Auraic. 1177 . a coinde ┐ a comhdhail, Ériu iii 150 § 3 . c.¤ = conventus, Lat. Lives 76.z . comdal ic rig A. . . . ┐ ic Hú E. `a conference between', Ann. Inisf. 1093.4 . drong . . . / nach éadtrom gcomhdhála not small in number(?), DDána 42.8 . go comhdhál na gceasd ndeacair (of Day of Judgment), 20.9 . i comdalaib coitcheanna, MR 92.6 . boi . . . comhdhal forsin righ i C. `the king held a meeting', Lism. L. 2309 . comhdhál ṡída peace-conference, AFM ii 1066.11 .

Attrib. g s. rob ḟer comnart comdala, LL 375b20 . tulach cómdala, PH 8255 . da ced curadh comdhala `assembly warriors', Duan. F. ii 268 § 76 . sgeach na conghára . . . / 'na háit comhdhála, Ir. Syll. Poetry 31 § 2 .

Freq. in phr. i comdáil to meet, towards, against, before, in the presence of, etc.: dul it chomdáil to meet thee, LU 3880 ( SCC 39 ). cubur ina comdáil foam in front of her, Acall. 6973 . í comdáil na haídchi at nightfall, 5152 . do thaet in rigan . . . i comdail na sealga, BB 456b42 . I. . . . S. . . . / S. na comdhail (names of winds), LL 410b28 . i comdáil a céttserci, BColm. 90.25 . a ccómhdháil a cheile together , Párl. na mB. 3761 .

? fethal conduala .i. fet[h]al comdala, O'Dav. 992 . Cf. condál.

cumgae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cumgae or dil.ie/13837

 

Forms: cuimge, chuimge, chumga, chuimnge, chumnga, cumhainge, gcúingidhibh

n , f. (cumung). Also cuimge. in chuimge, chumga, chuimnge, chumnga, IGT Abstr. Nouns § 9 . cumhainge, Atlantis iv 192.36 . i gcúingidhibh , Ó Bruad. ii 282.2 .

(a) narrowness, straitness; narrow space, strait : cumce in taige, LU 9194 ( FB 92 ). bui do cumga in inaidh, CCath. 2611 . ro dlúta na drumchla ┐ cúimce thuas joints (`Gefüge'), Alex. 595 . doghni cath etirnaidi i cuimgib in tshlebhi `passes', Aen. 2798 . i ccumgaibh gacha conaire, TFrag. 36.5 . cumga chlebh ┐ mæs bronn, TBC-LL¹ p. 305 n. 6 . oireacht i ngach éinionadh / dá chumhga however narrow, DDána 120.16 . ag cor chuimhghe ar réidhi an raoin (: buighne) restricting, O'Hara 2412 . cuimhgi fherainn, Lism. L. 2888 . anna c[h]umga chniss close to him, ZCP xii 245 § 11 . cumga anala `shortness of breath', Rosa Angl. 24.11 .

(b) difficulty, strait, distress, etc.; parsimony . In O. Ir. glosses gl. angor: hi cumcai no in n-ecin, Tur. 134 . Ml. 33a12 . achumgai .i. á imneda, 19b16 . innacumcae, 19a12 . 20a5 . 39a8 . innac.¤ , 21c5 . a c.¤ , 31c12 . cid etir na cumcai, 18d24 . huana cumgaib gl. arctis, 41a7 . mór cumce i táusa, Fél. Ep. 385 . ar a burba . . . / is ar chumga a menmannraid, SR 6306 . truag a cumge [fora?] tír, / dogní sil meic n-Adaim and, LL 7474 . dā cenélach .lxx. do cuimgib na pīan isna ifernaib torments , Ériu ii 132 § 107 . atcota dāire cumca, Anecd. iii 12.5 . cechoen bís hicumca ┐ inguasacht, Three Hom. 84.23 . cumga gáise garga `strictness of harsh wisdom', Metr. Dinds. i 30.34 . conair chuimgi ┐ doirthe na Frigia a road for oppressing and enslaving Phrygia, Alex. 166 . ? im in manchuine ┐ im in mbiadh .i. ima cuimgi, Laws ii 274.17 Comm. ? scaraid bur cumga a n-am óil / a bulga óir re crann ciúil, IGT Abstr. Nouns 1005 . a mac ní riom chaithfe cuimhge `will not stint me', PBocht 4.26 . is truagh cumhga na degla, Smaointe B. Chr. 4452 . luach ara chreich gan cumhga / fúair C., BNnÉ 289.27 . masa dhith oir . . . fil fort doghebha gin chumca friut `without resistance' (without stint?), Marco P. 25 . lór a chumhga ibhid fíon very sparingly(?), Bard. Synt. Tr. 198.6 . cumga indtindi `oppression of mind', Rosa Angl. 70.6 . in cumga craitim, Grail 3766 (in cumgach credim, v.l.). go mbuí i ccumhga mhoir `reduced to great straits', AFM iii 756.8 .

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