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airegda (-ae)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airegda (-ae) or dil.ie/1917

Forms: airechda

adj io, iā (3 aire). Also airechda. excellent, pre-eminent, notable: is ho Isaác dofuisémthar a síl nairegde, Wb. 4c7 . rann airegde inna anme gl. spiritus, 25c26 . inna ndule nairechdae, Ml. 87b21 . airechta gráda a cossa ┐ a lama, Thr. Ir. Gl. 37.14 = airegdai grāta, Corm. Y 1059 (92.19) . rí amra a.¤ , BDD² 1 . at-chíu flaith n-ard n-aireagdai, 1011 . na trí gillai óca ána a.¤ , MU² 74 . imm rigain . . . n-oiregdha, Aen. 376 . trí éoin a.¤ remarkable , LU 2008 . bá laithi n-airechdae léo-som ind feis Temrach notable , Trip.² 524 . teora gemai airechdai . . . .i. Colum Cille etc., 599 . deilge órda a.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 5684 . na cethri suailche airegdai noble, PH 4608 . na hocht sualchi erechdai, 6850 . fogeba . . . bethaidh n-a.¤ occumsa excellent, CCath. 3341 . a sosadh orduirc oiregda na hEirenn (of Tara), Ériu iii 150 § 1 . dá roicheam don bhrugh fhionnfhuar oireaghdha, DDána 70.18 . sircolladh do denum ar imdhaidh uasail oiredha `stately', ZCP vi 95.4 . is oirighdha aigeanta imchubhaidh do'n ealadhain si, MR 94.13 . feda airegda vowels (of the Ogham alphabet), see fid. principal, leading, first: se nechi a.¤ triasa n-insaigther iffernd, LU 2354 . secht mbaill oirida `seven principal members', Rosa Angl. 130.10 . i ccabhanuibh oireadha ┐ neamhoireadha na hinchinne ventriculis cerebri tam in principalibus quam non principalibus, 23 K 42, 290.7 . Adv. ata folmhughadh leanna fuair go hoireadha ionnta ┐ leanna duib go tanaiste, 392.9 .

Compar.: ciasu airegdu in fer, Wb. 11c17 . ni airegdu a persan som oldaas persan na nabstal olchene, 18d14 . in fót as airechdu són gl. superior gleba, Ml. 37d14 . erechdu són gl. procero, 53a16 . ar ba hairegdu leo a hadnacul hi Cruachain, LU 2915 . Superl.: is ē dēach is airegdamh dīb, Corm. Y 447 (38.9) . dealb is airechdam . . . būi for duine riamh, 1059 (94.13) . With form of compar.: do neoch bá sruthem ┐ ba hairegdu inna caurad, LU 4979 (TBC). int aenduine rob airechda . . . hi comamsir fris fein, Ann. Conn. 1306.2 .

1 airigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 airigid or dil.ie/2103

Forms: oirighidh, oirighthe, oirighin, airide

[i, f.] Vn. formation from ar-saig, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 606 . See 2 airigid. oirighidh f. (g s. oirighthe), IGT Decl. § 150 . Also oirighin, ZCP x 277.21 and later airide (section (e) infra).

(a) Glossing delibatio: ind a.¤ .i. christus no apostolus , Wb. 5b23 . huand a.¤ .i. huan togu gl. delebatione iudicii, Ml. 123a13 . Note also: magi . . . primi adorant paruulum, primi .i. na hirgde .i. . . . ex gentibus hi fuerunt , Lib. Hymn. i 37 gl. 14 (or for airegdai ?).

(b) choice (honorific?) portion of food, choice dish as preliminary to a meal: airigthi bíd ┐ lenna, MU² 206 . TBC-LL¹ 400 . mucc ┐ mart ┐ ag . . . ba hí insin a prīma.¤ cenmotha a [fh]ritha.¤ preliminary snack , MacCongl. 3.16 . ba si a.¤ ban Ulad o mnai ind ḟir las n-denta ind ḟled .i. secht n-daim . . ., special portion, IT ii1 173.4 . d'iarraid airigthi barsna luchtairib `to ask the cooks for choice provisions', RC xiii 58 § 51 . airigthi airerda . . . do cech biud, TFerbe 86 . in tan bus mithigh lib bhar cuid, fogebthai, uair bhar n-airighidh ro caithsib `Vorspeise', Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. 43.3 . ar daigh ni fil airighidh linn dooib, RC xiii 5 z . uair m'a.¤ in bargen a chíanaib ┐ mo [p]rím-chuit in bargen út, Ériu i 134.5 . uaim gu míl craige a chinidh / bídh aige na oirighidh, IGT Decl. ex. 1099 . ? trireach .i. tre-arech tri airíghthe íntí, IT iii 105 § 210 .

(c) Used in pl. in Laws in passages dealing with the testing of malt, perh. sample, test (perhaps in some examples confused with airiugad): ma is na treabuibh dligtecha ┐ fromthar a airithe ┐ ni raithighter fair . . . muna hairigtur forra hairighe . . . if choice samples are tasted, and no (imperfection) is found in it(?), Laws ii 242.28 Comm. ocht meich bracha . . . cona airigthib coirib, ZCP xiv 355 § 13 ( Laws ii 250 ) (`mit den ordnungsmässigen `Bemerkungen' (Proben)) .i. is coraiti hi a fromad im a hairigthib, Laws ii 252.12 Comm. madh isna trebuib dligthecha fromthar a hairidhe ┐ nir hairi[g]ther [olc] fair, v 166.21 Comm. ma hairigther for a hairidhe (hairidhthib v.l.), 25 Comm. dia fegthar airigthi cacha bracha, 168.5 Comm.

(d) With follg. g s. first fruits, choice, pick, etc.: do thuitim siu ina a.¤ gaiscid leis `as the first-fruits of his prowess' (Faraday), TBC-I¹ 2240 ( i n-airigidh, TBC-LL¹ 3155 (St.), a n-oirighin, ZCP x 277.21 ). isna airigthib gascid (na hairighe aigh ┐ iorgaile v.l. St.) danímmís ac Scathaig . . . dachuatar bar a n-airigthib (airigib v.l. St.) gascid choice feats of arms, TBC-LL¹ 3552 . ga gaiscedh ara racham aniogh? Ar ar n-oiridhibh gaile ┐ gaiscidh, ZCP x 290.18 . a.¤ mo catha cain / Airgialla `the ornaments of my beauteous army' MR 162.16 . a.¤ urgabala, 200.12 . oirigthe cecha huilc, PH 713 . a ḟás a gclí choimhidhigh / a bhás dob í a oirighidh, IGT Decl. ex. 2002 . oirighidh oinigh, ex. 2010 . gan airighthe botha ┐ na bélsgatha, Celt. Rev. x 134.6 . Of weapons: frasa . . . da nairightibh catha, Manners and Customs ii 262 n.204 . co ndernaid ceo cruaid . . . clocharmneimnech do na céd oirighaib sin, Caithr. Thoirdh. 113.4 . cuimnighedh gach cathmílid a clochairghidh, 106.19 .

(e) Of a person one who deserves (with prep. AR introducing thing deserved) (see O'Rahilly, SGS ii 13 ): dona tighearnaibh is fearr dairidhe air `to the lords who best deserve it', Carswell 2.12 . budh maith an airigh ar inbhe an tAilin sin, Rel. Celt. ii 168.17 . ní hairidhe ar mhaithfeachas an té atá fós a neascairdeas Dé, Mac Aingil 6353 . Note also: do badh maith an airighi da denamh sin thusa you would be a good hand at doing that, CF 763 (see CF² 1092 note ).

2 gráta

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 gráta or dil.ie/26544

adj (grád) io,iā noble, excellent, dignified : in tuisich oglach side coem gratto, IT i 144.17 . trī hōclāich grīsta grāta gormanig, TBC-I¹ 3320 . fer cǽm grata i n-airinuch na budni sin, TBC-LL¹ 5295 . Superl. gnúis is grátam dó, ib. 264 . ni gébat frit' gnuis ṅgráddai | buidni borba barbardai, SR 5015 . airegdai gratai a cossa ┐ a láma, Corm. Bodl. 34 (s.v. prull) . ba gairm gráta ós Bairind brisc, Metr. Dinds. iii 366.15 . magar .i. brīathar grāta, Corm. Y 724 . grāibre ... .i. briathar grata, O'Mulc. 688 . grata .i. oirdheirc, O'Cl.

sainṡemlae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sainṡemlae or dil.ie/36033

n [, f.] (sainṡemail) = sainemlae: secht ṅgrad ann, airegda in gnim, | fria sainṡemla ind ardríg as a distinctive attribute of the supreme king (?), SR 682 . rí dorat sainhṡamlai slain | for clainn n-airegdai nAbráim, 5017 .

sonairte

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sonairte or dil.ie/38467

Forms: sonirte

n , f. (sonairt). O.Ir. sonirte (Wb.), sonarta (Ml.). strength, firmness, courage : a ndudaesta airisom .i. líi et sonirte immefolṅgi in corp uile andsom ón, Wb. 12b5 . ni tri sonirti n-irisse damelat, 10c3 . int sonartae, Ml. 34a25 . ní lugu immefolngi sonartai do neuch in cotlud, 135a13 . ro eirpset a sonartai hi suidib `they trusted for their strength in them', 43c18 . sonarte ocae gl. potentiam conlatam sibi, 41d3 . æmid inna sonartae athnuigthe `as of the renewed strength', 61a32 . inna sonartae gl. firmitatis, 48c14 . hont sonartai gl. ualentia, 48c17 . hóssi insin sonartae nime, 51c28 . amal ṁbís slántu cáich ┐ á sonarte, Thes. ii 3.35 (Aug.). ba fer tailc trebur co s.¤ ballraid, LU 6709 (TBC). dogéna Día are-sim a athnuadugud . . . 'sa sonairti cétna, BColm. 104.18 . fortitudinem .i. sonairt[i], RC xxviii 320 § 47 . na cethri suailche airegdai .i. trebaire ┐ mesraigetu, s.¤ ┐ fírinde, PH 4608 . for sonairti irsi na martírech, LB 251a11 . cona tainic nach sonairti aignidh nó nach met[u]ghudh menman doib, CCath. 3128 . go tāinic menma ina maithib ┐ sonarti ina slōg, ML² 718 . at he teora ranna ngotha, mét ┐ s.¤ ┐ maethe, O'Dav. 1205 .

súalaig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. súalaig or dil.ie/39093

Forms: soalaig, sualach, subáilce

n ī, f. (2 so+álaig?). Occas. also soalaig. Trisyll. in ACL iii 311 § 2 , Ériu i 195.8 , 196.1 infra. g p. also sualach.

(a) a virtue : is cotarsne don dúalig in sualig dara hési, Wb. 9b8 (leg. int s.¤ ?). dluim inna sualche `the mass of the virtues', 22a27 . biit sualchi and it foilsi, 29a29 . co mbláthib .i. co sualchaib, Thes. ii 325.38 (gloss on Hy. iv 6 ). atcota sognīom soālaig, Anecd. iii 13.7 = RC xlv 68 § 64 . na hocht nairig dualchae | . . . | is eól damsa sualchae | ardadíbdatsom huili, Ériu i 195.8 . Cf. na hocht n-airig sūalach the eight cardinal virtues, ZCP iii 24.31 . is sí so int shualaig | fodera dídnad fotae (soalig, v.l.), Ériu i 196.1 . mithig ascnam suälach, ACL iii 311 § 2 ( AFM ii 618.10 ). is ī dano sūalaich roerbath frisin ndūalaich se dia dībduth this is the virtue which was designed to nullify this vice, ZCP iii 25.22 . tria sualchib ┐ caíngnímaib, LU 2383 . in duine athnuidigther i sualchib, PH 3542 . it eat na sualche-sin . . . fhuiglit . . . na rigu fírenu, 4125 . fáidid chuice na cethri suailche airegdai , 4608 . tria airitin cecha sualchi, 5618 . in t-sualaig-sea na déircce, 5895 . in t-sh.¤ triasa lógdar . . . a n-uile pecctha do na dáinib (i.e. serc Dé), 5898 . togaid in sualaig i[s] sochraidiu fia[d] Dia and, 7102 . sollsi bar sualach ┐ bar sogním, 7903 . ? na sualaig gl. uirtutibus, Gild. Lor. 15 . cleir cainclandaig .i. cland sualach accu, Fél.² xxxi 5 (g p. as adj.? But cf. lubgort . . . lán do luibhibh sualcha, BNnÉ 20 § 44 ).

(b) virtue, power, might : conid tre shuailchi De forchongras ar na deamnaib, YBL 141a44 . cor' marbad ann D. . . . tre sualchaib (sualtaib, MS.) Dia ┐ Patraic, RC xviii 23.27 (Tig.). boi . . . locc m-becc co sualchi moir cechtar a dí leccoin (of Christ), LB 148b33 .

See súaltaig, subaltach, etc., subáilce.

tásc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tásc or dil.ie/40176

Forms: tásca, tásca, tháisg

n u,[? m.] vn. of *do-aissig (to-ad-sech) (to-fo-ad-sech-, Thurn. ZCP xv 336 ). g s. tásca, LU 8937 . n p. tásca, PH 6253 . ? Laws ii 60.23 Comm. Later also o, m. IGT Decl. § 96 . g s. tháisg (: fháisg), ex. 1741 . Dán Dé xxviii 8.

(a) In Laws Comm. notice, information about offences: fer ... dia tabuir tasc do chein `of whom a story is reported from afar,' Laws i 198.14 . tascc fir muintire `(give) notice to a man of the family,' ii 58.17 . ben conceil a forcur ... .i. na tabuir tasc, v 274.11 . acht mar forcaimi (leg. —caini ?) .i. in cedmuinter, no foreigmi .i. in adaltrach. In tasc bo dir doib do tabairt a ndul cucu ar eicin by weeping, in the case of the wife; by crying out, in the case of the concubine—the warning they should give when violated, H 3.18, 142 ( O'Curry 246 ). is dicumuic doibh naill act tasca, Laws ii 60.23 Comm.

(b) report, rumour, announcement: iar compert din spirad naob la tascc ind aingil the Annunciation, Mon. Tall. 127.12 . it é indisit na mor adamra ┐ na tásca airegdai do na dóinib, PH 6253 . do tascc an catha sin to proclaim that battle, RC xii 108.x . in lubra do gabail Rig Saxan ┐ a thasc do techt a nErinn, Ann. Conn. 1409.2 . ? tasc Muirchertaig to Erinn ┐ argain Midhi, RC xviii 28.8 (or to toisc ?).

(c) news of a death, fatal tidings: iss ed ruc leis t.¤ a muintiri do marbad do Ercoil, LU 8923 . tasc már Maire .i. hoc die ad Romam tasc bais Maire pervenit, Fél. 46.37 . olc in scél ... | co Finnabair ... | tasc a brathar, IT iii 514.11 . ar n-éigsi as neimhní annosa | dá ttí tásg Hí Eódhusa `the fatal tidings,' Studies 1923, 421 § 2 . do th.¤ marbh `to hear that thou art dead,' ITS iii 190.24 . Of portents, omens: an donāl doní an cū sūas | ... | tāsc rīgh portends the death of a king, ZCP xiii 7 § 3 . mad do c[h]loich congair tasc athaigh sin, Ériu viii 122.10 (see p. 124 n. ).

(d) Hence death: bás .i. tasc, Fél.² xxxi § 18 . do gesib cáich dibe cāsc | ní cian o th.¤ nech dusgní not far from death is he who does it, Ériu ix 50 § 35 . ba th.¤ ríg ... | bás na flatha Feradaig, SG 150.2 . i ló tháisg bhar dtighearna, Dán Dé xxviii 8.

(e) In Mod. Ir. fame, reputation: gid dochuaid do deg-táscsa | a Finn ar fed na talman, SG 262.7 . úir mar a tásg ar thoradh land is according to its reputation for fertility, DDána 48.34 . na taoisigh tháisg `the chieftains of renown,' O'Gr. Cat. 526.22.

Compd. ¤labartha boastful, clamorous: ina tarmánaib ...t., MR 230.17 . tuath-bhan-glór t., 294.22 .