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achad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. achad or dil.ie/186

 

n o, m. expanse of ground; pasture, field: nochon ássa froíchne isin maigin sin sech i nn-achud olchenae, Trip.² 1022 . in temairgnechus (= t-imairgnechus) do niat imuich ar in n-a.¤ (of oxen), Laws iii 266.19 Comm. ri achaid uír ibhardraignígh, IT iii 12 § 17 . is clár tilte do thoighibh / druim an achaidh fhionnchloidhidh, Ériu v 60.2 . síl nÁdhuimh ar gach n-a.¤ , iv 118 § 33 . is ris samlaim-si Rathen / re hachadh do mhuigh nimhe, BNnÉ 313 § 6 . drumchla áluinn gach achaidh, DDána 37.25 . ní faicfidhear mé ar achaidhibh ná ar bóithribh, Hackett xxvi 17 . ? coma suaiti achaidi (acuraidh v.l.) slebe Menail, TTebe 1555 . Of a field of battle: dolluid Bress co mbruthgail / dia mesc co lar n-achaid, LL 214b35 . fir allaid ar cach achud, Metr. Dinds. iv 284.19 . Eochaid, ba airech achaid, 23 . ilcinela na hAffraici . . . ar aenachadh, CCath. 4746 . bacc n-achaid an (enclosed) corner or angle of a field used as a paddock(?): firgabail . . . ic a thig fein .i. isin druim fri lias, no isin mbac-nacha[i]dth, Laws i 92.11 Comm. for conuir . . . cin a lecud isin mbac nachuid, ii 84.12 Comm. in bo ina foxul as in mbac n-achaid no as in druim fri lias, 464.19 Comm. See also 1 bacc.

Common in n.loc., see Hog. Onom. Also in synonyms for Ireland: coíc achaid Uisnig, LL 295b32 ( SG 361.22 ). Achadh Airt , Content. xv 69 . ceann muirir chraobhAchaidh Chuinn, TD 18.7 . ar fud chladhachaidh Chobhthoigh, 4.26 .

1 airc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 airc or dil.ie/1659

 

n f. : maic, LL 18305 , : ailt, 6389 , -cairt, O'Hara 1100 . Other rhyming examples noted infra. difficulty, strait: a.¤ .i. docamhal, O'Cl. na ha.¤ na écen na écendál, TBC-LL¹ 2895 . cá cath . . . nach diṅgbad cét in cach a.¤ , LL 6403 . ropsam grind grind ri harcaib (: fortail) (B. na f.) `fierce, fierce I was in straits(?)', Ériu i 72 § 3 . fri cocad ┐ cech n-aircc na haimsire sin, LB 123b42 . a.¤ abstinence(?), Fél.² lxxxv § 10 . fria cech necóir fri cech na.¤ , LB 262a31 . doconnairc Brénainn an a.¤ do bói orra, BNnÉ 52.z . trocaire do dénamh forra on a.¤ (on eigin sin v.l.) ina rabhatar, 9 § 31 . a n-a.¤ d'fóirighin to aid their difficulty, Ériu iv 224 § 47 . ua C . . . . dfurtacht . . . as an a., AFM vi 2122.17 . ó ata an t-en becc isin a.¤ ud uma heinaibh, CF 982 . bādar i n-a.¤ bhetha in want, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 44.6 . do taithmigeadh a ha.¤ ibh / a ghlainchineadh Airt Énfhir, IGT Verbs ex. 556 . do-bhéara Críosd, cruaidh an a.¤ / dúin-ne an t-achmhusán orrdhairc (of the last judgement), DDána 29.24 .

In phrase is a.¤ do is in a difficult situation: maith tra is a.¤ dúnn cia do-[g]nemis comairle, Anecd. i 4.8 `we need to take counsel', S Cano 90 n. in trath bad a.¤ do i comlonn, TBC-LL¹ p. 313 n.l . cia mbad a.¤ duit, LL 285a6 . is a.¤ . . . do Molling `M. is in a strait', RC xiii 114 § 158 . rob a.¤ det san usce fūar, ZCP vii 307.2 . Note also: o rogabad a.¤ de amlaid sin `when difficulty had been experienced therefrom', Aen. 2332 .

? As adj. fatal, mortal(?): ? fri gnim n-aircc n-íd, SR 6603 . manip enghel amail chailc fri huair na.¤ , LB 108b47 . tarlaic Cairpri aurchur n-a.¤ , LL 20162 .

Perh. also in: dāl armairc meeting in battle stress, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. v 1919, 93 § 33 .

Cf. 2 airc.

1 aird

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 aird or dil.ie/1792
Last Revised: 2019

 

n f. See Vendr. Lex.

(a) peak, point: mind . . . ceithri ardda cruanmoithni [fair], Trip.² 943 . cach n-ulind . . . ┐ cach n-a.¤ ┐ cach n-aircind don charput sin, LU 6403 (TBC). ra a.¤ a gúaland, MU² 726 . samalta lim ra trí airdi ind echrad-sin. elta dub-en os chind arbaige, etc., LL 189b29 . cach duine a.¤ each on his hill, Ériu iv 130.8 .

(b) Usually point of the compass, quarter, direction: cethri arda in domain .i. tair ┐ tíar tess ┐ túaid, LU 10063 . rosir [in teidm] fo chethri hairdib Erenn, RC xvii 416.24 (Tig.). fo chetheora ardda in betha, SR 8044 . scailit fo arttaibh ind aiéoir, RC xxvi 364.23 . tabraid triar cacha arda immon ṁbudinsin, LL 13939 . cia hardi robatar ina rigi what were the limits of his kingdom, BB 488a42 . trí treba di cech a.¤ impi, LB 121b4 = gacha airde, Celtica iv 32.457 . ro élodh A. . . . as gach áird d'a chéile from one point to another, Ériu i 81.1 . cucligi in talman occa thochur dar a.¤ ┐ dar cenn `being turned up . . .', Ériu ii 138 § 137 . cridhe san a.¤ -sin níor fhéagh heart never looked in that direction, Dán Dé xxiii 29 . i nacchaid na des-airde southwards, BNnÉ 70 § 117 . do na Pictibh san a.¤ thuaidh, Keat. iii 1343 . ní cóir a.¤ ar tús no ar deireadh comhfhocuil achd soir no siar ré n-airdibh eile words meaning points of the compass, IGT Introd. 24 § 98 .

In various adv. phrases. a.¤ in a.¤ batar in da cath in line , Cog. 168.24 . do gerrsin in gormslegh a.¤ a n-a.¤ gusa imlinn all the way up, Comp. CC 110.7 . a.¤ i n-a.¤ frisna rothaib iarndaidib level with, LU 6503 (TBC). co tarla in muir a.¤ fri a.¤ (ard inard, St.) fris i.e. the sea was level with his head. TBC-LL¹ 1309 . o ra siacht C. ard fri a.¤ (ard inard, St.) fris, 1179 . a.¤ an ard re cerdcae ciormhaire opposite , TFrag. 222.22 . ard i na.¤ fria roile `opposite each other', AFM v 1672.1 . tuittfit na slēibhti innus co mbet a.¤ ar a.¤ frisna glenntaib, RC xxviii 312 § 11 . ar a.¤ present: ar airt cona roib etarcéin `on the spot', Wb. 26a14 . G. ┐ A. rí Róman ar a.¤ occa G. and A. king of the Romans were present at it (viz. a ceremony), Trip.² 303 . badar da righdamna . . . ar a.¤ acu, Snedg. u. Mac R 31.17 . ma ta in fear ar aird 'if the husband is at hand', Mar. Dis. 34 § 14 . for a.¤ , PH 5433 . ni beo fen for a.¤ I shall not be alive, Three Hom. 70.20 . neart do lámh ar a.¤ ní fhuil the strength of your hands is not noticeable, DDána 56.5 . gan fheagra ar a.¤ ná éifeacht `without an answer of any weight or effect', Content. xxi 4 . beirid ar a.¤ brings forward, displays: tucsat . . . na cathfir a ceird muccada ar a.¤ `the champions displayed their swineherd's art', Dinds. 57 ( RC xv 453 ). conid hi dombeir ar a.¤ madain domnaig `tis she that brings it up (on the shore)', 139 ( RC xvi 147 ). tuc in tespuc in lebar for a.¤ , PH 25 . mentions expressly, cites: gin go tucc ar a.¤ though he did not mention it explicitly, O'D. 522 ( H 3.17, c. 424 ). cuid crui don eiric tucad ar a.¤ . . . ┐ cuitig flatha . . . na tuc ar a.¤ , O'Curry 2103 (H. 4.22, fo. 76a). is aire tuc tar crich ar a.¤ i.e. he expressly added the words `tar crich', O'D. 605 ( H 3.17, c. 424 ). logh bó . . . ná tard for áird do beth a foeitsecht aigi `he has in reserve the value . . . which he does not bring into the account', Laws iv 132.24 Comm. dāla Conculaind doberar ar a.¤ it is mentioned (transition of narrative from the doings of Fer Diad to those of C. C.), TBC-I¹ 2574 . dosbert na briathra sa ar a.¤ he said these words aloud, TBC-LL¹ 1497 . nach ttabhairther a nanmanna for a.¤ , `whose names are not given', AFM vi 2074.24 . cuirid ar a.¤ proclaims: orrtha chodoil chríche faghladh / fiadha í Chéin do chor ar a.¤ , O'Hara 4408 . ós a.¤ aloud, openly, publicly (opp. of ós ísel, cf. 1 ard): tucsat gáir . . . os a.¤ , LB 151b34 . ni ba menma . . . la cech oen turcebus airbert ngaiscid uas a.¤ hi tirib Grec, LL 400a39 . siodhach ós a.¤ ┐ eissíodhach ó mhenmain, AFM v 1772.x . do-beir ós a.¤ tells aloud, expresses openly: oc tabairt a n-anmand ós a.¤ , LU 10496 . dobered cách a chomram . . . ós a.¤ each used to tell his triumphs aloud, LU 3233 ( SCC § 2 ). iomthūsa M. dobearar ōs a.¤ , ML² 1542 . cuirid ós a.¤ : gan dáil cruidh do chor ós a.¤ , O'Hara 4304 . téit ós aird becomes public: sul deach ós a.¤ mh'fúasgaladh `ere my release be noised abroad', Ériu ix 162 § 1 . gidh measa ag Dia a dhol ós aird `though He likes not open (sin)', Dán Dé xxiii 27 . ?As prep. phrase: ag teacht na bhfarraid ós arroid na ndaoine before the people, 23 P 18, 25 b26 . Also with prec. c (g): imthúsa Clainni Cailitín do-berar cosaird, Comp. CC 88.7 . tucadh a gairm righ gos a.¤ let the king's cry be raised, CF 914 . narb ail leis mi-clu gos a.¤ do tabairt di, Smaointe B. Chr. 493 . do chuir Martha na mirbuile cos a.¤ (= publicavit), 1778 .

áirmech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. áirmech or dil.ie/2248

 

adj o, ā (áirem)

(a) numerous: mór do arbrib ármecha, LL 232b17 ( TTr. 1138 ). tigheas flaithemhail acmhaingeach áirmheach, Hackett xl 126 .

(b) noteworthy, famous: trí mile ban airmech, LL 3611 . don impir airmhech soin, ITS xix 6.1 . dob aithesach á.¤ in consabal sin, L. Chl. S. 41 . mac áirmheach Airt Chaomhánaigh, DDána 100.10 . do b'áirmheach idir sgolaibh, Measgra D. 62.10 . ridire occ armech, Ann. Conn. 1247.7 .

aithgein,

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aithgein, or dil.ie/2656

 

Forms: aithgin, -ene, -ine, -ena, -ina, aithghin

n. vn. of ad-gainethar. Also aithgin. g s. -ene, -ine, -ena, -ina. aithghin f., IGT Decl. § 13 .

(a) rebirth, regeneration: ? ba hed aithgin ṁbetha `rebirth of the world', Fél. Ep. 240 . comdis ellma . . . fó athgin in erruigh archinn by the following spring, CCath. 169 . tucusa gein ┐ a.¤ duit i.e. enough and to spare, Acall. 7813 . In religious sense (of baptism): in baisted .i. in a.¤ , LB 257b73 . tria aithgin a mbathis, PH 3812 .

(b) likeness, equivalent. With gen. the like of: athgein hūi Luirc the like of O Larc, Ält. Ir. Dicht. 41 § 32 . is uád fessin no bíad a athgein i.e. a warrior such as he could be born only of him (of Cú Chulainn), LU 10167 . th'aidgin-siu a warrior like thee, TBC-LL¹ 4050 . Art Aoínfhear bhur n-aithghin-si you can be compared only to, O'R. Poems 31 . ríg-athgein meic Airt Óenḟir / ní fríth, Metr. Dinds. i 36.104 . ag iomfhuirech la haithghin an dúin bai ann roimhe do thurccbháil, AFM vi 2210.10 . a aithghin oile do ingrinntidh, BS 63 . With DO: aithghin do Eochaidh Mumhó, ML 22.4 . Note also: as nach féidir ál acht aithghin `thence there cannot issue a brood unlike the parents', Ó Bruad. ii 62 xxviii . úir Pharthais nó a haithghin í paradise or something very like it, TD 11.10 . aithgin .i. cutruma, ut est: nicon tarla a mBoinn riam ná iarom a n-aithgin .i. nichor teilgus tar in Boinn roime ná 'na degaid a cutruma ima mét, H 3.18, 62a7 ( O'Curry 80 ).

(c) analogy, comparison: imtha an a.¤ . . . lemlacht la mac . . . imtha samlaidh ben la fer, Leb. Gab.(i) 30.5 . gurab fíoghair ┐ aithghein don tsacraimint so an plúr neamhdha, Eochairsg. 70.10 . aithgin don chomhnaidhe symbolum . . . quietis, TSh. 5287 .

(d) Legal. Technical term translated `restitution', `compensation', Laws; `Rückerstattung oder Ersatz in gleichen Gegenständen', Thurn. ZCP xiv 346 ; `restitution in kind, equivalent', Críth Gabl. The meaning restitution or compensation to the full value of that which has been lost, damaged, etc. is implied by a number of exx. from the text of the Laws: scarait amail condrecat; in da beir cach lais cusanaile, a marthar de issed beres lais fri himscarad, na (nó?) aithgin dia torad muna marathar `an equivalent of its produce if it is not living', Laws ii 394.26 . is aithgin muna marathar feib ro ratha, cen fuilliud leo, 338.18 `Ersatz (der Werte)', ZCP xiv 392 . aithgin do flaith acht trian facaib dib, Laws ii 318.5 ( ZCP xiv 385 ). díre a ṡabaill cóic ṡéoit ┐ aithgein co nneoch robronntar and making good of any damage done, Críth G. 244 (co neoch = neich, Notes). aithgin somaine, Laws ii 332.10 ( ZCP xiv 390 ). trian naithgina ar mifagbail, 56.19 (cf. the smaller subdivisions in follg. Comm.). Also prob.: aithg[e]in tuige making good the thatch, Críth G. 213 . dírech n-imda[e] . . . diam tochur tar cenn, sét ind ┐ a.¤ , 233 . óg n-innraic n-aithgena, 275 `a perfect fullness of equivalent', notes. cach a.¤ iar n-indrucus every `a.¤' in full(?), ZCP xvii 59 § 76 . Note also (Comm.): ba trom re dainib a naithgin ┐ a tintud for culu (of restoring perishable pledges), O'D. 950 ( H 3.17, c. 664 ). aithgin ngnima ro leic in brathair ar a ceili, Laws i 128.9 Comm. (of work carried out on behalf of another). In literary texts: aithgen in t-sheoit fén, PH 7561 . a ṡeacht n-aithghine d'ḟagháil, TD 9.17 . Distinguished from taisec in Laws text: ni faid nech na seotu so cin naidm a taisic no aithgina `without security for their restitution or compensation' (of things liable to be lost or destroyed while on loan), Laws v 278.7 . (`taisec restitution of the actual article, a.¤ the payment of an equivalent', Plummer MS. notes. Cf. taisic .i. cia mairit . . . aithgin .i. muna mairit, Laws v 278.11 Comm. At Laws v 402.19 Comm. taissecc is glossed .i. aithgena). In follg. classed as an `éraicc': cetheora eirca . . . aithgin ┐ dire, etc., Laws i 258.26 . ? Cf. cach diri iar n-aithgenib id laim bodein, ZCP xvii 58 § 75 . The a.¤ could be doubled: ni teid aithgin tar diablad, Laws v 448.17 . ? [dl]igur taisiuc diabul aithgina, ii 80.8 . cach n-aninraic n-anfoit cona diablad aithgene, ZCP xiv 346 § 7 ( Laws ii 232 ). diablud naithgina nech robriathra (leg. -ar?), Laws ii 68.11 . Various: aithgin mblechtai, Laws i 168.5 . fidbretha . . . a naithgin for uin, 182.2 . aithgin gach edge, ii 54.13 . ni lais dire a seoit, acht colainn aithgena nama `das Corpus (der Gegenstand) des Ersatzes' (of a `fuidir'), Ir. Recht 63 § 1 .

In Comm. often treated as name of some kind of fine or mulct. Cf. in the passage in Laws iv 146 ff. the elaborate distinction drawn between díre and (the smaller) a.¤ with regard to different categories of trees. Here a.¤ means `only a diminished amount of fine' (Laws Gl.). Somet. of one of the seven `cumals' which make up the `corpdíre' (wergild) the remaining six forming the `díre', Thurn. ZCP xv 356 , Binchy, Ériu xii 99 . Cf. cumal aithgena, ┐ cutruma . . . do na sé cumala[ib] dire, Laws iv 244.24 Comm. ben tēit di thairr a cāin lānamna, slān cen dīri [no] aithgin i.e. the husband is not liable for `corpdíre', ZCP xv 355 § 43 Comm. Note also: bo a ndire cach ae ┐ ní thuc a naithgin ar aird he does not mention their compensation (of the liability incurred by mutilating certain trees), Laws iv 148.8 Comm. In the follg. there is no indication as to the exact sense: i n-aís ícca aithgina, i 98.3 Comm. ar in athgabail gabar im aithginib na con sin the compensation for each of these herding-dogs, 144.9 Comm. gl. im conbuachaill cacha cethra, 126.8 . nocho nícctar acht certaithghin ris ón fhlaith, O'D. 908 ( H 3.17, 648 ) (Comm.). seachta cach aithgheana every restitution sevenfold, Leb. Cert. 140.1 , see Ériu xvi 182 § 29 .

áitt

Cite this: eDIL s.v. áitt or dil.ie/2826
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: átt, áttaib, átachad, áitt

n f. Perh. orig. átt ā, f., cf. d p. áttaib, Críth G. 173 , átachad, IGT Verbs § 106 . See Mac Airt, Celtica iii 263 . Vendr. Lex. Lochlann ii 213 .

(a) place, situation, position, dwelling: hi cech ait isin chathrig, Ml. 68a13 . co cach inchruth a thige inna áttaib córaib with all the furniture of the house in its proper positions, Críth G. 173 . ni fuair ait forstarrasad (of the Ark), SR 2572 . ro facsat ait na scainnre do S., CCath. 3697 . áit buailte do thabhairt dóibh a place for defeating them, Mac Aingil 1748 . arna shuidhiughadh san áit is onóraighe don chlár, TSh. 855 . na háiti d'folmughadh, IGT Decl. ex. 723 . a buird 'na n-áitibh gá n-uaim planks being joined in their places (of a building), DDána 119.35 . anuidh an connsuine bog na áit féin remains unchanged, IGT Introd. 26.31 .

Abode, dwelling: ra curit ina n-aitib ┐ ina n-imdadaib (of men after feasting), CRR 20.2 . a hait ┐ a hadba, TTebe 186 . do chuaidh gach aon díobh d'a ait (bhaile v.l.) féin, ZCP iv 400.19 . techit na harrachta asa n-attib, PH 743 . aitte (háit v.l.) cumhsanaidh lair (of an animal), BNnÉ 317 § 5 . hi senáitibh slechta Conuill Chernaigh in the hereditary seats of the race of C., AFM vi 2186.12 . anmhain ar ar n-aitibh fein in our own districts, O'R. Poems 3906 .

Passage (in a book): gibé thuigfeas na háite do haithleigheadh linn, Eochairsg. 111.1 . do réir na háite sin (in Bible), TSh. 22 . léaghthar san áit chéadna, 285 . ar lorg na háite-se san Leabhar Ghabhála, Keat. ii 796 .

Perh. crossing-place of a river in: hae aite (in a list of things (on private property) of which there is no exclusive ownership) i.e. salmon seen at a river-crossing can be appropriated (?), Laws v 482.23 (see Mac Airt loc. cit.). Or w.r.t. the location of one's house, EIF 286-87 . Or áe as in the plant-name áe aba, Peritia xvi 390-92 ; see 1 áe.

In phr. á.¤ i n- as conj. where: a tírib beó ait inna bí bás, LU 9996 . ait hi funend grían where the sun sets, 3691 ( SCC 33 ). áit i mbaí a h-adba inmain, Sc.M² 24 (e) . áit i comraicfead díabolnámaid, BDD² 733 . lige Fergusa maic Rōic āitt in rohadnacht ar Mag nĀi, ACL iii 3.3 . áit i farggab C. . . . a chend .i. cenn-áitt F., TBC-LL¹ 2915 . tomaidm Linmuine edón Locha Echach áitt dollégad síl nD., RC xvi 413.16 (Tig.). áit ar marbhadh C., Keat. iii 2545 . Note also: áit mal connairnechtatar where they met, TBC-LL¹ 1441. 1565 .

Combines with interrog. to give cáit where (in dependent and direct questions) (perh. a modification of O. Ir. cote, see Mac Airt, loc. cit.): ní fes do Galafas cait a ndeachaidh, RC x 185.9 . do c[h]uireadar fesa da fhis cáit a rabatar, ML² 911 . cait hir-raibe?, PH 201 . cāit a fhuil Finn?, ML² 1492 .

(b) place formerly occupied by someone or something: ní fuaradar acht a ait ann they found the place empty, ZCP vi 76.13 . do níd áit leabhar dona tuatadhaib they take the place of books (of images), Ó Héodhusa 143.12 . fear a áite his successor, Mac Aingil 6004 . cead . . . an easbuig . . . nó fhir áiti delegate , 4389 . fear āite Chriosd, Parrth. Anma 2934 . do dhiúltuigh . . . ar gealladh d'oifig is d'fhurthacht is d'áit dó place, office (of an Irish chief who resisted the bribes of the government), Hackett xl 192 . imprint, mark: co fil āit a beōil isin c[h]loich fóss ann, BColm. 64.8 . lorg cneadh ┐ áit áladh, DDána 54.9 . Hence in phrase i n-á.¤ with gen.: nach faicim acht fís . . . i n-áit an mhóir-eoluis cheirt instead of, Content. xvi 87 . mar íoc i n-áit an tsochair `as requital for those benefits', ix 26 .

(c) In phrase of doubtful meaning do áitt , diait, diad etc. See Mac Airt loc. cit.: Ri ro sáer Iacob do aitt / do láim Isau meicc Isaic, SR 7313 . teine do áitt etc., for exx. see 1 teine.

ánradach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ánradach or dil.ie/3758

 

adj (ánrad) warlike, valiant: C. mac Airt ánradhaigh (:samhail), L. Cl. A. B. 270.66 . Cf. fer . . . anraitech (anruith v.l.), Tec. Corm. § 32.7 .

ar-beir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ar-beir or dil.ie/3976
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: airbeirid, arbeir, araber, -airbir, ar-id-beram, arberat, ar-berar, aramberar, arberr, -airberar, arbertar, airberedh, -arbered, -erbirmis, armbertis, arabertis, airbir, arambere, -erbara, -arbera, arambera, -airbera, araroibrea, aramberam, -arbaram, -airbirid, -arbarat, -arberat, armberthar, aramberthar, ar-bertar, arberainn, -airbertha, arberad, -airbertis, -airberthe, -airbéer, -erbæra, -erbera, -erberad, -airbértaís, araruburt, arbert, arrubert, -arbart, -erbart, -arbert, arrubartatar, -arrbartatar, erberdu, airbirthi, erbirthi, aurberta, airbert

v ( air-ber-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 464 - 5 ). Later as simple vb. airbeirid. Indic. pres. 3 s. arbeir, Wb. 10c6 . araber, Ml. 46b7 . -airbir, Laws v 252.11 . 1 pl. ar-id-beram, Sg. 26b2 . 3 pl. arberat, Sg. 198b7 . Pass. sg. ar-berar, Sg. 31a3 . aramberar, 148b13 . arberr, 146a1 . -airberar, 192a1 . Pl. arbertar, Sg. 33a19a . Indic. impf. 3 s. airberedh, RC xvi 60.14 . -arbered, RC x 50 note 2 . 1 pl. -erbirmis, Ml. 135d3 . 3 pl. armbertis, Sg. 196b5 . arabertis, Ml. 131d10 . Ipv. 2 s. airbir. Wb. 29a25 .

Subj. pres. 2 s. arambere, Wb. 28c11 . -erbara, LL 14162 . 3 s. -arbera, Ml. 72b26 . arambera, Sg. 192b2 . -airbera, O'Dav. 1092 . With ro: araroibrea, Thes. i 498.2 . 1 pl. aramberam. Sg. 148a1 . -arbaram, Sg. 40a11 . 2 pl. -airbirid, Wb. 11b25 . 3 pl. -arbarat, Wb. 10c1 . -arberat, BColm. 78.28 . Pass. sg. armberthar (leg. aramberthar, edd.), Ml. 53c9 . Pl. co ar-bertar , Ml. 121b3 . Subj. impf. 1 s. arberainn, Trip.² 2106 . 2 s. -airbertha, ZCP iii 29.35 . 3 s. arberad, Mon. Tall. 135.9 . 3 pl. -airbertis, Wb. 10b8 . Pass. sg. -airberthe, Ériu i 114 § 2 .

Fut. 1 s. -airbéer, Wb. 32a20 . 3 s. -erbæra, Ml. 110c2 . -erbera, Ml. 48b12 . Condit. 3 s. -erberad, Ml. 48a5 . 3 pl. -airbértaís, LU 1224 .

Pret. and perf. 1 s. araruburt, Ml. 108a2 . ro erberius, Ériu lv 15 . 3 s. arbert, LU 765 (ACC). arrubart, Ml. 21a11 . arrubert, BColm. 84.5 . -arbart, Ml. 36a4 . -erbart, LL 13811 . -arbert, Thr. Ir. Gl. 34.z . 3 pl. arrubartatar, Ml. 34c4 , 91b1 . -arrbartatar, Sg. 40b9 .

Part. erberdu ( d s.), Ml. 97d2 . airbirthi (n p.), 94d1 .

Vbl. of necess. erbirthi, Ml. 98c10 . aurberta, LB 11b17 .

Vn. airbert. IGT Verbs § 83 .

I With biuth (d s. of bith world , see GOI 162 ).

(a) lives: araberat biuth gl. degentibus, Ml. 50d13 . coarbera biuth gl. degeret, 72b26 . forcane ┐ arambere biuth gl. ut scias quomodo oporteat té in domo Dei conuersari `that thou shouldst teach and live', Wb. 28c11 . .xu. bliadnai i n-ardrígu . . . día n-airbereth bith co craibdech, Trip.² 2104 . ro airbir bith fon tsruth trom she lived, LU 3069 . Without biuth: is intib airbirit co anbsaid . . . i rrotaigib anaitreba, LU 2062 ( FA 14 ). ? is medhōn aratairberat inacethraso ciasanechtar foferthar .i. is asa meadhōn airbertnaighit, Anecd. v 24.18 (cf. airberat .i. aitrebat nó impoait quoting this ex. O'Dav. 54 ).

(b) eats: arbeir biuth a mbís for altóir ind ídil, Wb. 10c6 . amal aramberat biuth inna cethrai . . . inna sástu frisacomracat, Ml. 69a19 . intí arbir bith oss nallaid, Mon. Tall. 146.8 . ni cainairbiur dergflatha na finn ┐ niconn airbiur biuth `nor shall I taste food', RC x 226.188 . tug . . . araill dina bolgaib . . . ┐ arus arubairt bid . . . ar adbertadar bid uad na tri cet laech where he ate the three hundred warriors also ate from it, IT ii2 102.y . Without biuth: dia nairbera samuisci . . . .i. mane esadar samuisc `if he eat', O'Dav. 1092 .

(c) uses, employs etc.: arrubartatar biuth gl. freti, Ml. 34c4 . arrubart biuth gl. usus, 35b11 . amal ni airbertis bith gl. non utantur, Wb. 10b8 . conid cumme aramber biuth hua cech rét frissacomraic so that he enjoys equally everything he meets with, Ml. 69a18 . ararubartatar biuth gl. ob perfunctoriam, 97d2 . intan arbir bith in scribtur . . . do deisimbrecht asna psalmaib when Scripture uses an example from the psalms, Hib. Min. 4.128 . nī hinill do crāibdech airbera bith nach cruth la ṡōerbrāth fēin for it is not prudent for a religious that he enjoy his own will in any way, ZCP iii 29.3 . Without biuth practises (of an art etc.): cia dána airbere . . . ? écse, ol sé, RC xiii 442 § 19 . wields (of kingship): ar-robert-side in ríge iar n-ēcaib Airt , Fing. R. 558 ( RC xxv 24 § 7 ). co n-erbara mo rígise fordo ríge, LL 14162 .

II

(a) pleads, makes use of or applies a procedure, etc.(?): tacra la fear nad airbir a leass a n-airecht `who cannot speak for his own good', Laws v 252.11 . fer a diri ummorro ma arberai tuarusndal, Anecd. iii 23.z . ma ro airberedh a faesam fo cetoir, Laws i 100.2 Comm. ? cain bera do dligedh arbera do turbaid, O'D. 944 (H 3.17, c. 661) (heading of a par. which lays down that notice (tasc) must be given of accidental `turbadha', Plummer MS notes). ? arbert Bassil brathu, LU 765 (ACC). Almost = as-beir in: maro airbeired riu urradh do tabairt leo if they have been told to bring a native freeman with them, Laws i 86.26 Comm. , 88.5 Comm. , 90.3 Comm. , 6 Comm.

(b) a.¤ . . . fri opposes: ni airbéer fritt `I will not reproach thee with it', Wb. 32a20 . ni erbart frit cosindiu I did not oppose you, LL 13811 . munar airbered [.i. imrisin] ris if he has not been opposed(?), Laws i 114.3 Comm.

(c) Gramm. expresses (with A): ciaridberam a céill a pronominibus `though we express their sense by pronouns', Sg. 26b2 . a deilb atreibthig arberar a n-aitherrechthe, 31a3 . arbertar as noéntarmoirciunn .i. aitrebthacha ┐ agnomina gl. ex eadem forma agnomina, 33a19a . atá linn . . . ni asanarbaram dærscugud di neuch di hilib a chenéuil feissin .i. a superlait, 40a11 . arberr chial chesto as indí as difficio, 146a1 . intan aramberar ciall brethre gníma ass, 148b13 . arṁbertis a rrangabáil ḟrecndairc, 196b5 .

(d) subdues, quells(?): nicon ruba dōine, nicon arlaig . . . nicu rarbairt (niconarbairt v.l.) a lighe Lomnae, Corm. Y 1018 ( Anecd. iv 88 ). ? dorairned díumus na mborb / ro airbered cech fodord all murmuring was subdued(?), SR 4496 .

1 arcat

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num o (cf. 1 cét?) expld. as hundred: ní rúalae nech in mag sa . . . nád ruband comainm n-arcait (glossed vulnerare centum, note), Comp. CC 31 § 27 , ZCP iii 237 § 27 . arcadd a mbelra na filed cét, iss ed etercertar ┐ iss ed fil issuide; nach ruássæ in ingin do tapairt ar aitheth conrubar ceut feur, ZCP iii 245 § 53 . ? ua clerigh . . . / a.¤ ar lín leth fairre, IT iii 101 § 181 . Nia Corbb . . . / cāine airt, ara oirt airgtib `zu Hunderten', Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 27 § 1 . argad no aírgead .i. céd, O'Cl. P. O'C.

1 art

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n [o, m.] ` bear ', GOI 116 . Wortk. 43 . Usually fig. of a hero: is hé in leo lond . . . is é in t-a.¤ amnas agsidi forrges gail, TBC-LL¹ 5406 . Eochu a.¤ arachridethar cathrai, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 22 § 1 (.i. uasal, LL). cāine airt , 27 § 1. ha.¤ hān fēal fuirri . . . Ailill, Ériu xvi 146.23 . artt læchda Liphi, ZCP xii 235 § 53 . Eogan mac Néill, a.¤ mōr monaid, ZCP viii 299.33 . ardri Alpan a.¤ arand, Arch. Hib. ii 55 § 20 . a.¤ athnertach ind ūabair Flathbertach, § 19. a inis na n-a.¤ , Gadelica 12 § 9 . For a.¤ fine see 1 ard. Note also: darchinnius . . . mo chuib / ar chribais (.i. ar muicc) illeirg ar a.¤ (.i. feoil) / daceird, IT i 162.4 . a.¤ .i. feoil, P. O'C. a.¤ ┐ alt limb, member, an article, ib. Compd. ¤-amas: ar slógh n-art-amhas (: ḟaltanas) nÉireann, Content. xii 3 . Frequ. as n.pr., see Corp. Gen. Index.

3 art

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Last Revised: 2013

 

n (Gr. ἄρτος Akten Bonn 125-26 ) explained in glossaries as god: a.¤ .i. dīa, unde dicitur Eochaid Find Fūath n-Airt .i. fūath dēa fair ar a chāime, Corm. Y 26 . domemaid A.¤ uasal .i. dīa ūasal, ib. is inann a.¤deus (.i. día), Cóir Anm. 167 . a.¤ .i. potens, ut dicitur domemaid a.¤ uasal .i. deus , O'Mulc. 55 . Cf. 4 art, 1 ard (f). altaigis buide dia Art antī Angal, ZCP viii 103.8 = a.¤ a buidi do dia anti A., Ériu ii 186.y . cartōit im Art (.i. Dia), ZCP v 486 § 8 (B. na f.).

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bó or dil.ie/6201
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: boin, bou, bo, boin, baí, b, báu, b, bao, Báu, b, búaib, bai, báe, boin, boin, bó, ba, bai, baei, búaibh, b

n f. See GOI § 60 , § 72 , § 340 . a s. boin, Corm. Y 1103 , Vita Br. 24. g s. bou, Thes. ii 278.2 . bo, Vita Br. 24. d s. boin (cf. a mboi leó do bhú, Hugh Roe² 36.4 ). n p. baí, LL 33395 (TBFr.). ba, ML² 34 (see O'Rahilly, EIHM 462 n.2 ). b, Hugh Roe² 46.y . a p. báu, TBFr. 395. b, Ériu ii 20 § 1. g p. bao, Sg. 22b11 , Báu, LU 5373. b, Thes. ii 335.1 (Hy.v), bó, LL 33391 (TBFr.). d p. búaib, LL 22315. n du. di bai , Ml. 2b11 . a du. dí báe , TBFr. dā boin , Corm. Y 1082 (prob. a neologism, GOI § 340.2 ). b.¤ f., d s. boin, g s. g p. bó, n p. ba, bai ( baei: cnai, ex. 1623 ), d p. búaibh, a p. b, IGT Decl. § 86.

Ox, cow: inna mbao (innabao, MS.) gl. boum, Sg. 22b11 . bō nomen de sono factum suae uocis .i. ainm arna dēnam d'foghar in gotha uodēin, Corm. Y 134. b.¤ gl. vacca, Ir. Gl. 159. buachaill b.¤ gl. bubulcus, 583 . bō a boue .i. is coitcenn aní as bós, ut est duo juga bouum, non enim uaccas dixit , O'Mulc. 161. domaincheass ainm do boin .i. dammainchess .i. mainchess bō, ar is cotcend do ceniul a mbos, 321 . dicitur . . . redg frisin boin mir, Corm. Y 1103. coro dart boin dia búaib, LL 22315 ( Dinds. 113 ). rocuinnig seom boin co B., Thes. ii 340.17 (Hy. v Comm.). blegon inna mbō fo thrī, 335.1 (Hy. v). co tucad na bu co Loch L. . . . dia mblegon, 334.43 (Hy. v Comm.). carais forglu inna mbō, 340.1 (Hy. v). bo blegar fri fit, bo co ngalur, bo ciss flatha no eclasa, bo brothcain, Laws v 260.2 - 4 . turcreic bo cona timtach tricha set, ZCP xiv 361 § 19. ite ainmead bo ara n-athchuir etc., O'Curry 250 (H. 3.18, 145a). trí aithgine in domuin: brú mná, uth b.¤, ness gobann, Triads 148 . eacmaing a bhái ana . . . do breith dolēic, ZCP xiii 172.18 . oc tabairt tānae b.¤ húait, Sc.M² 11. i rrechtaib b.¤ ┐ dam ┐ ech (rhet.), LU 8367 ( FB 24 ). rucad láeg mo bo fadéin . . . uaim-se, CRR 3. co mblighfidhe ó na buaibh / sáith f[h]er n-Ēirenn re h-aon-uair, ML² 138. cethracha b.¤ mbreithi mbalcc `forty strong milch cows', Celtica iv 12.21 . buachaill ag na buaib, Laws iv 86.3 Comm. gur f[h]āgaib gach bō 'gā bōthar, ML² 1255. no-chennachtís na bú, PH 4494. no-chennaigitis na bai . . . isin tempul, 4510. ar boin cach naidche ailes `for he deserves (i.e. claims) a cow every night', Laws ii 136.8 . ansom . . . bai briugad . . . teora bae i muin na trissi bo cows of a briugu (of interest due for use when given as pledge), v 400.20 . trí haige bruithi and, a dauim, no a boin, co na timthach di saill no charna, i 48.3 Comm. cuic ba imorro in gach indligedh athgabala `five cows . . . (is) . . . (the fine) for illegal distress', ii 100.4 Comm. in t-airi ard .i. da ba deg a eniclann, v 46.11 Comm. Bríg . . . is lé tomlachta na bae fothrí i n-oenló, Fél. 56.15 . cain Daire ga[n] bú do marbad, 210.33 . lenaid b.¤ odar eisium, ┐ corbo isin in Odor Ciarain (hence the name of the Codex Lebor na Huidre Book of the Dun Cow), 202.33 . intan dono no gesed in tarb bai ocaib no thiagdais ba in tire comfoco[i]s, Dinds. 142. ro ghad boin o Ciaran . . . ro innto an buin go Ciaran doridhisi, BNnÉ 109 § 38 . ní bhean boin do baintrebhthaigh, IGT Decl. ex. 509. luaith na b.¤ do bheith ar n-a hiodhbairt, TSh. 437. i gcuibhreann na mb.¤ fán bhféar (of Nabuchadonosar), 3464 . ó tharlais gan bhrat gan bhú, Measgra D. 27.34 . mairg nach tabhair bloigh na b.¤ / [san] chró [a d]taraidh 'n-a boin bheo alas for him who does not give (to God) a portion of the cow (i.e. some of his wealth) for it will be a whole cow in heaven, DDána 42.39 . ná bíodh aca choidhche, daimh, ba, ná tréuda cáorach = kyne, RSClára 108a . b.¤ sa bhoin `a cow for cow', Eg. Gl. 739. In legal contexts frequently a unit of value (Plummer MS. notes), see Binchy, Críth G. (p. 106 ): secht seoit sin da tecait ceithre ba .i. bo mór and ┐ se samaisce ar trí buaib, in bo riu, conid ceithri ba, O'Curry 195 - 196 (H.4.22, 8). naoi marg xxit do bhuaibh no darget `29 marks . . . in cows or in money', Trans. RIA xv (1826) 33.25 .

Of land: ined da boo deac di thir, AU i 288.11 (see Mac Neill, PRIA xxxvi 286 n. 2 ).

In phrr. in various applications: b.¤ bainne, Laws ii 176.16 Comm. b.¤ blicht, Lat. Lives 103.2 . ár mbadh bhí bleacht, ZCP v 214.368 (Midn. Court). in bo derba `milch cow', Laws ii 162.8 Comm. (`cow of the (milk)-pail' (Thurn.), ZCP xx 199 n.7 ). b.¤ ḟind óderg white red-eared cow `often mentioned in early Irish literature as a choice breed of cattle,' Bergin, Ériu xiv 170 and Peritia xix 239-55 : roerbad iarom b.¤ find audercc dia taiscid ┐ ba slan di, Vita Br. 5. bo find ó. leo, LU 4410. secht mba finna ō-derga, ML² 34. dobert a máthair dí báe déc dó assint shíd, it é finda óiderga, TBFr. 5. b.¤ bháthair a stray cow , IGT Decl. ex. 1354. Note also: bo fri blícht, Laws i 122.10 .i. i n-aimsir lachtha isin tsamradh, 126.19 Comm. bó allaid (`stag', Plummer MS. notes), perh. hind: tuc fer boin allaid leis dia hidpairt, LB 152a58 . b.¤ féich: tighail .i. (sic leg.) crīch dédenach tairic in bō fēich cow paid as last payment of debt due (?), O'Mulc. 862. b.¤ ḟeisi (see Bürgschaft 66 , 78 ): ised slan ngell .i. ba fesi gell, tricha a lin . . . ┐ diabludh fiach for bidbuid cows of spending the night (part of compensation payable by defaulting debtor to his surety, kept in captivity by creditor), Laws ii 136.5 Comm. cu nícand dech mbu feisi ┐ logh einech, O'D. 87 (H.3.17, 73). b.¤ indláeg see indláeg and, Ériu xx 231 - 2 . b.¤ gabála a (beef-)cow levied as a due (see gabál): bo g. .i. mart, no in b.¤ méth, ut est athgabail b.¤ gabala . . . .i. in bo marta nó atgabail gabair im boin marta, O'Dav. 284. b.¤ lethgabála (expld. by O'Curry, Manners and Customs iii 519 n. 580 as `rate in aid of a cow (perh. half the cow's value) levied to meet the requisition of the officer for the relief of the poor' (i.e. the huaitne fonluing, etc.). dlighidh . . . boin lethgab[ala], 519.17 . b.¤ marta beef-cow , see 2 mart. b. threlóeg a cow having had three calves: .i. cuinnid co hobonn boin treloegh , Bretha 42 § 33.6 . .i. ni truma na inni ata ina thoirsiugud umpu na bo trelaog , 44 § 34.9 . tri ba inlaega ar da m-buaib tre laega , Laws i 102.19 Comm . b.¤ thúir see 2 túr.

In nn. loc. (see also Hog. Onom.): Campulus Bouis . . . Ached bou, Thes. ii 278.2 . o Inis bo finne, Fél. 184.18 . Bernas ṁ Bāu (= Báu, LU 5373 ) Cūailnge, TBC-I¹ 897.

Compds. With nouns: cin boainmead without bovine defect(justifying, if present, the cancellation of a purchase, Plummer MS. notes), O'Curry 250 (H.3.18, 145). bó-ár name of a cattle-disease, RC xii 428 § 17. boár .i. sgamach nó maolgarb (see bódíth infra) no galur righín, O'Dav. 291. iar dteacht do bh.¤ nó do bhó-dhíth chuca i n-aimsir C[h]ormaic mic Airt , Ériu i 89 § 36. bóbard seventh class of sóer bard, IT iii 5.10 . bobard dō, suithi ndebidi scarta la sen etir fod ┐ cuimri, etir trebrad ┐ sned, 28 § 67 . aisti bobaird . . . .i. debidi nimrínd ┐ debide scailti etir fot ┐ gair, 45 § 66 . Dond Cúalnge . . . / co ndernsat imme in mbó-brait ` Cattle-Raid ', Metr. Dinds. iii 370.8 . screpul cach bóbotha ` cow-shed ', RC xiv 430 § 56. Dari [.i.] bóchana, fedb, Gorm. Nov. 2. Cf. cain Darí, cen bú do gait, Thes. ii 306.28 , see Thurneysen, ZCP xviii 386. ro metadh blicht cacha bo-cheathra, MR 100.20 . See bóchar. go ndeachaidh do chosnamh a bhóichreche orra `to protect his cows against them', AFM iii 224.6 . crecsluaighedh . . . d'ar comairmedh secht cata deg do bochrudh of property in cattle, AU ii 506.20 . leisin mbréid sróllchon sénta / bóchrodh téid dá thaiscélta, IGT Decl. ex. 71. bruach do bhiadhfadh bóchuingir a yoke of oxen, Ó Bruad. iii 88.16 . ? ba flaith os chuan cach curaich / fo bái slúag in bo-chumaid, Metr. Dinds. iv 338.8 . ina bai bit a mbodaingen `cows should be in a cow-fastness' (i.e. at nightfall), Laws iv 96.25 . See bódela. at crothle garmilíne / at búanaind bodelbae in the shape of a cow (?), LU 8366 ( FB 24 ). bodibad mor fo Erind destruction of cattle, AU i 470.22 . doroine bo-dhibadh mór (of an invad- ing chief), ii 118.21 . (as epithet) Bresal Bodibadh, MacCarthy 302.9 . bo-dhíth mhór ind Erinn, dá ngoirthí Maolgarbh `murrain', AFM ii 1044.11 . earrach an bhó-dhíthe, ALC i 494.15 . bó-dún see badún. moch i.e. bo-erge lit. cow-rising (gl. buaroch), O'Dav. 215 (see Ériu xiii 14.29 ). no sechmallad . . . in ṁbeoḟeoil `the beef ', RC xx 262.19 (ACC Comm.). co tuc boghabhail moir a great prey of cattle, AU i 526.4 . nía boidb bógeimnech (rhetoric), LU 5326 (TBC). bōger ` beef- lard ', MacCongl. 79.23 . bogeltach faithche .i. fer meite coimse na teit tar crich . . . bogeltach .i. fer fogelta a bu a faithce ar cach nach déis etar coin allta ime . . . ni dligh dire na saire ` cow-grazier ', Laws iv 344.5 , 352.18 , 21 Comm. bóguin, see Wortk. 146 : (g s. as epithet) Enna Bōguine (B. ōtāt Cenēl m Bógaine, v.l.), Corp. Gen. 163.2 . Cf. Boguinig `the descendants of Enna Boghuine' (note), MR 156.10 . co ro slecht in buar uile, co n-ebert: "Is bo-guine andso ┐ bid [sed] (?) ainm na benni[se]." Unde . . . Beann Bogaine `a cow- slaughter', Dinds. 142. ingen in righ .i. Boguine a ainm-siden, ACL iii 324.7 . sinum lactis .i. genus uasis .i. bomilge `of cows milk', Thes. ii 48.30 . boogam .i. lilgach ar aicme bethi . . gamnach ar aicme huatha . . . samaisc ar aicme muine, Auraic. 5759. bō-otrac[h] cow-dung , Corm. Y 196. conamailt saill ┐ bōṡaill foa corned beef (?), Corm. Y 883 (76.11) . ethar bec . . . bōshaille `of beef-fat', MacCongl. 85.10 . boseiche ` cow-hide ', Laws iv 148.19 Comm. it séoit bóṡlabra[e] direnatar dó, Críth G. 120. tri cóecait cét boslabraidh ` dower-kine ', RC xvii 214.4 (Tig.) = bó ṡlabhra, Keat. iii 2243 . bo-ṡlechta `the law concerning cows', Ann. Inisf. 810. rith cana boileachta `des Rinder betreffenden Gesetzes', ZCP xviii 383.14 . cain boiliuchta (i.e. `the law that treats of cow-killing, cow stealing, etc.' n. 1), Laws iii 110.4 Comm. seacht cumala lana for fer nurradais mboslechta .i. iar marba buachalla, no airamhain. No is comlaithred deisi iar ngait, O'Curry 2440 ( Eg. 88, 36 ra. ) ` cattle-tracking ', O'Gr. Cat. 97 § 42. bosluaiged lit. host of cattle gl. mammona, Ir. Gl. 300. botheach ` cow house ', Laws v 514.35 Comm. bótháin cow raid : rohir dam . . . .x. mbuachailli botana, Ériu ii 3.14 . ron-íurusa im chét mbó bódána, BDD² 267 = bóthána, LU 6763. co n-immad ech ┐ bótháinte, LU 3911 ( SCC 42 ). no geibed Flidais . . . do bóthorud of livestock, TBFlidais 88 . co tí in bo dia botreib, BB 397b2 . in a bo-tuar (`cow dung ', Plummer MS. notes), Laws v 464.13 Comm.

With adjj.: bo-abartach, abairt amail in mboin `behaving like the cow', O'Dav. 316 ( Ériu xiii 29.10 ). brucchaid bó-cédach, BNnÉ 137.9 `with hundreds of kine', Keat. ii 4682. Bernngal Bóchétach, Acall. 5322.

With bú-: ? maccaim beca buaigelta (buaidhghela, v.l.), TTebe 1372 . Cf. bógeltach. a ccreachghabhala cruidh ┐ cethra broide ┐ búalmha, Hugh Roe² 204.32 . for buageltach ṁBreg (of Cú Chulainn), LL 12569 ` guardian ', RC xiv 398 § 1 . Buagelltaig, LU 9084 ( FB 83 ), cf. BDD² 1209.

See bárach, bóaire, bóbath, bólacht, bómlacht, bóraime, 1, 2 búarach.

2 both

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 both or dil.ie/6435

 

n ā, f. (see Osthoff, ZCP vi 415 ). b.¤ f., IGT Decl. § 39. hut, bothy, cot; cabin: in tabernaculis .i. botha, Thes. i 3.28 . b.¤ quasi beith, a nomine ebraico beth, quasi domus , Corm. Y 171. a mbothaibh (glossing a gcubaibh), H 3.18, 212.25 . b.¤ bec i mbither ocomét ubúll gl. umbraculo, Ml. 100c21 . screpul cacha bóbotha, LL 13006 (` cow-shed ', RC xiv 430 § 56 ). Botha ainm in puirtsin, ūair dogēnsad botha (forro, add. LU) and, TBC-I¹ 903 , 904 . botha ┐ bélscáláin ` bothies ', TBC-LL² 320 . na bí i mbaegulan braith / t'oenurán it boith, LL 18913 ( KMMisc. 266 § 27 ). adhbhur boithe ┐ bēlsgálain ` hunting-bothy ' (Vocab.), Feis Tighe Chonáin 52. giollanraidh each ag búain bh.¤ i.e. cutting wood for huts, IGT Decl. ex. 473. caitior fiodhbhadh le boing mb.¤ `constructing huts', LBranach 267 . Of oratories, cells, etc.: dorignesium tra a boith (of Colum Cille), Three Hom. 104.17 . i mboith aroli meic lēgend `cell', MacCongl. 53.21 . mētt mo boithi, K. and H. 10. do- rinde Columb cille a b.¤ . . . ┐ ni ag an dorus do bi ar an eclais . . . dorinde se hi `bothy', BCC 71. As place of resort for poetic composition: ionmhain b.¤ dhiamhair dhána `mystic hut of poesy', Studies 1924, 89 § 29 . ní clos sgolaidhe . . . / . . . / ag túr lighe i leabthaibh b.¤ (on the decay of the poetic order), DDána 115.5 . gan boith ndiamhoir, gan deacoir `without a dark hut' (of composing verse in the open air), Studies 1920, 261 § 2 . Further applications: tainig aen do moghadhaib in rig . . . ┐ ros fug leis do cum a boithe ` cabin ', Todd Nenn. 80.8 . rolotted mo b.¤ `hut' (of a leper), RC xiii 82.1 . cian do bhíoth a mbothaibh slat (of Cormac Mac Airt), O'Hara 1711. láimh ris an mbaile nó ris an mboith, Keat. ii 4710. a b.¤ `her shieling' (of a deceased patron), O'Rah. 126.10 (1900) .

Legal = 2 bothach (`seems to be used in the sense of cottier tenants ,' Plummer MS. notes): o ceilib .i. botha ┐ senchleth `botha . . . persons', Laws v 358.13 Comm. cuir . . . na mb.¤ itir sochur ┐ dochur do taithmech uile fri re mis iar fis `of cottiers', ii 218.11 Comm.

With qual. g s. ainm do boith légind (gl. cudbud), LU 1146 (ACC Comm.). mó na b.¤ leptha a leth-chlúas ` sleeping-hut ', Metr. Dinds. iv 138.22 (see ZCP xxix 187 ). b.¤ folachta `a cooking-tent ', Laws i 206.4 Comm. asiad tighe na mainistre robtar botha longpuirt dóibh ` military quarters ', AFM iii 130.2 .

In nn. loc. ? cath Botha, RC xvii 180.10 (Tig.). do Bhoith chnó budhtúaid, Acall. 1941. See Hog. Onom. (also Botha , Ráith B. ).

Compds. d'fhios Teamhrach bothbhuige Breagh, Aithd. D. 16.26 . cath Slebi Betha bothbricc of S.B. speckled with huts, LL 2003. go Clár mbothlongach mBalair `abounding in house-like ships' (Gloss.), O'R. Poems 1488.

1 caíne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 caíne or dil.ie/7821

 

n , f. (1 caín)

(a) gentleness, pleasantness, beauty : ara caini ón gl. erit memorabile, Ml. 90b1 . inna caine sainredchae gl. elegantiae singularis, 37b10 . ní ho mud neirt nó chaine `it is not from the fashion of strength or beauty', 16 . cáine amre lasin mBran `B. deems it a marvellous beauty', Imr. Brain 33 . co na ch.¤ cona dene (of the south of Ireland), LL 16108 ( Todd Nenn. 252.12 ). cáine nuachair, TBC-LL¹ 3092 = cāime nūachair, TBC-I¹ 2283 . doronsad caine comraidh re ceile pleasant conversation, KMMisc. 317.13 . triar coemdos co caene (of saints), Gorm. Nov. 17 . ré caoine a sheanma the beauty of his playing, Studies 1920, 99 § 12 . réd shíol do chuir ar gcaoine / guin do thaoibhe, a ghríobh Gháille the wounding of your body has caused us to be gentle to your seed, RC xlix 170 § 14 . ina féil cháoine, Bard. Synt. Tr. 18.5 `a joyous feast', p. 143 . In special use with follg. gen. cāine airt `ein herrliches Bär', Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 27 § 1 . cáine tíre adamri, Imr. Brain 11 . tucad cáine bíd dóib (do roignib gacha bidh, v.l.) the best of food, TBC-LL¹ 115 . cāine flathu `fairest princes', K. and H. 18 . c.¤ drenn see 3 drenn. In chevilles: caini gnima, SR 4097 . cáine étatho, Imr. Brain 13 . cáine sretha, ZCP viii 108.7 .

(b) diversion, game, amusement : to luidh Mac A. . . . / ingnuis a ch.¤ , Blathm. 92 § 8 . caine maic ind righ, 92 § 10 . anat dina cuínib co fodailter dóib, TBFr. 144 . Ironically in: ní mellach a c[h]aíne do-gní (of an attacking enemy), MU² 1020 .

? ni cóir ríg cóel caíni tria rind umae báis berair, LU 5446 (rhet.).

capat

Cite this: eDIL s.v. capat or dil.ie/8191

 

n o (Lat. caput) head : is tíamdha lium mhugu fá c.¤ mic Airt , LL 168 marg. inf. combo reil [deilb] ┐ fuait[h] capaid Baili for a ind (of a yew tree), RC xiii 222.29 . uinnsi a caput, ZCP iii 378.15 (B. na f.).

ceslan

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ceslan or dil.ie/8835

 

Forms: ceaslan cam

n ceaslan cam (name of a board-game ), Celtica iii 270 § 8 (= caisléan cam, Mac Airt, 271).

cétnae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cétnae or dil.ie/8944
Last Revised: 2019

 

io, iā.

I As ord. num. (the) first (with follg. noun). In Sg. somet. cétna (the usual form in later texts), and in O. Ir. glosses somet. uninflected (see GOI 230 ; isin chétne tuiste, Wb. 1a1 ). cétna persan, Sg. 191a2 . cenid ed as chetnae n-áis in homine , Ml. 44c26 . cétna netargna, Sg. 197b10 . áinsid . . . cetni diil `of the first declension', 91b4 . tobarthid cétnæ diil, 76b4 . cétna cobedne (g s.), 168b1 . far cétnu diull, 90b1 . hicétni persin, 163b6 . cetnastoir ┐ stoir tanusti, Hib. Min. 10.313 . ésci cétna mís, PH 5071 . cētna cath fiche twenty-first, ZCP xi 109 § 19 .

With follg. clause: is he céetne fer cetaruchreti . . . hi Crist, Wb. 7b11 . issí chetne aram sainigedar fri hunáir, Sg. 41b9 . issi cetna cumal ceta-ra-gaib, Laws v 394.3 . cetnagnim gnisset, SR 4197 . ónchetna duini robúi, 7889 . is e didiu cetna ndeiginach ro dhuisid `c'est le même qui le dernier ressuscita', Études Celt. ii 298.28 , cf. ZCP iii 35.25 .

With prec. art.: in cetnae sians, Ml. 36a33 . in chetna persan, Sg. 157b3 . ind cetna cétaoin, Mon. Tall. 156.1 . incetni persin (a s.), Sg. 159a2 . in cétnu slisiu, RC xxvii 280 § 35 . dar in cétna ṁbraini, MU² 505 . ó aicniud na cétne tuis- ten, Wb. 21b4 . inna cétnisillabæ `of the first syllable', Sg. 212b1 . huan cetnu dedól ind laithi, Ml. 136b1 . fon c.¤ ṅdul, 126d8a (see Études Celt. xl 82 ). ised fil isin c.¤ chetbuid, Ml. 115a14 (rectius chétnae). isin chetna sillaib, Sg. 18b2 . don chétni persin 52a19 . is in cetna nous fer nErend, Laws i 12.4 . an cetna fecht the first time, D IV 2, 75 rb 23 . donaib cétnaib forcitlaib gl. primis institutionibus, Ml. 14a12 .

With follg. clause: na cetnæ rainne bis isin chomsuidigthiu, Sg. 18b1 . With prec. poss. a cétnae n-ais `its first age', Ml. 87b10 . im chétni precept, Wb. 31a1 . As subst. ar nídad ferr-si in chétnu `for ye are not better than at first', Wb. 8c7 . in cédna ro thoimélad the first person who should eat, FDG² 222 . an ceudna the first (in list), RSClára 149b . ? tuargaib a tech . . . co riacht a dirgi fesin inna cetna, LU 8402 ( FB 28 ).

As preverb: (cf. ceta-, cét-): cétnaronas who was the first to be bound, ZCP viii 320.31 . is la N. cetnaroacht múr B., Rawl. 71a32 . M. las' cētna crecad, Corp. Gen. 363.15 . la C. cétna hort, Metr. Dinds. ii 50.28 . R. cetnaragaib cath nIndide do lāim, Ériu iii 141.214 . cia cetna ro-forchan?, PH 6410 . Cf. combad a ben cetna tísad issa tech ar thús, LU 8272 ( FB 21 ) (if not here in sense of fadéin

II With prec. art. and noun (the) same (exceptionally: co cétnu chórus, Críth G. 438 ): in trop c.¤ , Ml. 77b6 . infogur cétna, Sg. 203b9 . a cumachtae c.¤ , Ml. 48a21 . a folad cetne, Sg. 28b20 . cen forcenn ind ḟolaid chéthnai, 19 . ? ar is écsamil acenél cetne fil isindí as mare ┐ as nilus, 211a14 (? leg. cetamus , Strachan, note). na precepta cétni, Wb. 17b20 . forsna sunu cétnai, Ml. 133d2 . fon coir cetna, Laws ii 246.1 , see ZCP xiv 351 . bretha in ríg cétnai, Fél. Prol. 202 . an cumat cenda (sic) soin, BB 275a16 . isnaib cressaibh cétnaibh, Ériu ii 110 § 29 . do chungid in chon chētna the same dog (i.e. just mentioned), Sc.M² 1 . is an riocht chéadna in its former condition, Dán Dé xii 15 . d'indsaigid in Chaladonda cetna that very C., TTebe 3193 . an Ní céanna, Donlevy 88.18 . With prec. poss.: a chomméit cétna the same quantity, Sc.M² 2 .

In follg. perh. in use similar to that of fadéin: ro faidid co Sithchend cetna iad to S. himself(?), RC xxiv 196.2 . do-chuaidh don bith cétna che, BB 59a4 . Traoi chédna, O'R. Poems 1781 `the veritable . . . Troy', Gloss. dodeachaidh badhdēin cétna a persain, Fl. Earls 214.20 . air Anna Boilen, a inghin chéadna, Hard. ii 314.7 . ? do bheir tuile ar dtráigh céadna, Dán Dé xxxi 13 . ? iar cech mebail chetni, O'Mulc. 403 .

III As subst. the same (person, thing, etc.): bad hé a fer in cétne let the same one be her husband, Wb. 9d32 (`first'). Cf. donānic ar tinnorcain in chētna, TBC-I¹ 1086 = LU 5569 . la taisecc in gill innad on inna don in cetna, Laws v 422.8 ( CIH ii 477.19 ). Adv. tiagait fora rēmim in chētna they proceed on the same course, Ériu viii 157.3 nocho n-oo, nochon sinu in cétnu (i.e. Día, subject of preceding sentences), Ériu ii 106 § 16 . ní hed mo ass a cétne 'it is not my same milk', CMMucr. (Sc. Éog.) 66 § 8 (see The Heroic Biography of Cormac mac Airt 129f. n. 39 ). immon cétna, LU 1142 . a cétna, Bodl. Dinds. 18 . frisa cedna `in the same way', Mon. Tall. 138.12 . an cetna the same thing, TTebe 4840 . ca rád na cétna, CRR 26 . in ccédna dhuitsí the same to thee, ITS v 18.12 . gus na cineadhaibh do choimhēd an ccēdna gus a-niú (i.e. seanchus), Celtica i 88.17 . an cēanda (sic) do dhēanamh, Beatha S. F. 2465 . In later lang. freq. in phr. mar an gc.¤ in the same way, also, too : piseacla do cheangal isan tunna sin mur an gcēadhna, Celtica iv 67.88 . mar an gcētna `likewise', Fl. Earls 78.20 .

1 cinnid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cinnid or dil.ie/9148

 

Forms: cinniud, cinnte

v (cenn)

(a) defines, fixes, settles : sech is no cinned aimsir són `that it should determine time' gl. fini, Ml. 17d4 . ní cinni aimsir donec hi sunt gl. non est finis indicium, 128a4 . 8 . cinness gl. diffinit, Sg. 137b3 . ní cinnet gl. nec finiunt, 147a9 . manud chinni gl. si . . . finit, 197a12 . deg cinte persana `because they define', 13 . ro cinnius gl. definiui, 18 . -cinnet, 15 , 16 . cinnit ┐ dofoirṅdet dechrogod inna persine fri alaili, 202a5 . airet no chindfed Dia a bethu his allotted span, LL 274a25 . tria gním in choicḟir roscind / atát óic-ḟir 'ca n-immrimm `who fixed them' (of the Five Roads of Ireland), Metr. Dinds. iii 280.55 . aran doenacht ro chinis (chinnis v.l.) a noentaig persainne frit diadacht which you decided to assume(?), Ir. Lit. 20.13 `which grew in unity of person', Ed. cia cinn . . . / saegul sein cech duini bí?, SR 7883 (sein metri gratia, :ṅgein).

With óige etc. in religious contexts pledges, consecrates: rochinn a hoighe do Dhia, BNnÉ 104.z . rochindes-[s]a m'ōighe din Coimde, ACL iii 309. 12 - 13 . ros cind manchine an meic go brath do Bherach, BNnÉ 40.34 . Note also: cindnim (cinnem v.l.) . . . a comshnaidm na desi sin daibsi `I pledge . . . the troth of those twain with you', TTebe 664 . dar chinn m[e]isi mo mheanmain `for whom I have reserved my love' (Gloss.), Celtica iv 119 § 31 .

Freq. in Laws Comm. of fixing tribute, penalty etc.: smacht urdalta . . . ro cindsett na hudair, v 312.x . ni cinnter a agae `its time . . . is not determined', 368.16 . dentadha . . . arnar cind ugdair cinnedh denmha, Ériu xvii 72 § 13 gl. 11 . So also: cinnid cāin domnaig . . . / ar na fāthaib sin `ordain the law of Sunday', Ériu iii 144 § 22 . ro-chindset . . . cach dliged bias do rīg Caisil, Corp. Gen. 207.16 . Of friendship, an agreement: ro chindset . . . a caratrad, LL 32045 ( TTr. 1232 ). ro-chinnset a cotach cáid, SR 5937 .

(b) completes, finishes : ro chind trī chōicc cert-bliadan `completed', Ériu xvii 48 § 48 . a Chríst, rochind mo cháemchorp `that didst fashion', Metr. Dinds. iv 18.22 . missi f[éin] . . . ro cinnius mo [be]thaidh `I have ended my life', CCath. 2724 . c.¤ cath brings battle to successful conclusion: im ferr-sa uair cinnim cath / inda ind ócbad amulchach (`range the ranks'), Metr. Dinds. iv 358.y . feib ro cind-si a chatha `had settled its battles', 408.18 . Cf. cinnset cian coccadh, Leb. Gab.(i) 280.1 .

(c) decides (on a course of action), makes a decision: cinnfidh, órduighidh, Eg. Gl. 117 . amail rocinn semh (leg. rocinnsem) . . . is amlaid dognem, RC xiii 29.32 . rochomailled, rochinned, Ériu iv 106.16 . With vn.: iss ed ro chinset a adnacol issin Bruig (of Cormac mac Airt), LU 4063 . rochinnistar na doíne do huilidilgenn (the Flood), Rawl. 70a7 . ro chind dul i n-ailithri, Laws v 124.4 Comm. rocindead leo mo marbad-sa, TTebe 2052 . With co n- and subordinate clause: do c[h]innsat curaidh Clīu Máil / . . . co claoidhfidīs talmain truim, ML² 1284 . ro cind ana menmain conid hé Sir Galafas, Grail 109 . ? Cf. ra cindaighe . . . go mad iad ra gebhadh righe Connacht, TFrag. 106.1 .

With comairle: docinnedh comairle cidh dogēndis fris they decided what they should do with him, ZCP viii 560.34 . 'sí comairle ro-chinnset, xi 57 § 8 . ro cinneastair (? leg. cinnseatar, n.) uile éncomuirli, CF² 21 . ó ro chinnset foran ccomhairle hisin, Hugh Roe² 150.7 . is í comairle ar ar cinnettar, CS 304.5 . With other nouns: cech laithi luain ro cinded / aideda erred, IT iii 16 § 38 . coro chinne a dáil, LL 18638 . do chéin rochind a gnim cain, SR 1343 . can bréig cinnset gach astar / dá naom déc ro taghastar, SG 25.18 .

With follg. prepp. c.¤ do x decides for x: cindimm díb . . . glónshnáthi . . . do dénum, PH 7856 . an bhean dar chinn an rí rath (of Mary Magdalen), DDána 69.10 . gach ní cindess dīa do nech, ZCP vii 302.y . ? Cf. cinnes .i. darlinges ut est adhbul fisi armotha darcinnius co dian mo cuib `I let loose', O'Dav. 562 = darchinnius co dían mo chuib, IT i 162.5 . In (perf.) pass. is destined for: is ed rocindead dun, Anecd. i 4.10 ( SCano 94 ). ? dibh cinnter ced semann, Ériu xiii 28.10 . Mac Con mar dho cinnedh do / ba heagal leo a thocht tarrsto, Magauran 3160 . an tí do cinneadh dar gcabhair (of Christ), DDána 41.29 . Note also: do cinneadh chumh aidhmhillte `are appointed to destruction', Proverbs xxxi 8 . c.¤ for (ar) decides on: as truagh an gniomh ar ar chindeabhoir (of Cú Chulainn and Fer Diad), ZCP x 284.x . is í cealg ar ar chinnsead, DDána 86.27 . With prep. ref. to subj. of vb.: ro chinnsiomh occa ina menmain gan frithbert etc. `he determined in his mind', Hugh Roe² 234.29 . do chinnes agam fén . . . a ndaingniughadh, RSClára 54.11 .

(d) In chevilles: seisear Cruithneach, ro chind Día / tangadar as in Traígía, BB 43b4 . ord ro chinnius, LL 16105 ( Todd Nenn. 252.232 ). suairc ro chind, LL 376b32 . ceart rochinn, Keat. i 148.26 .

Vn. cinniud. Part. cinnte.

coimgne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. coimgne or dil.ie/10208
Last Revised: 2019

 

n orig. io n. Ériu xviii 143 . (com + 1 ecna(e), Contribb. 416 , Mac Airt, Ériu xviii 143 or < *k̂om-ĝen-i̯o- Kalygin 114 ) name of a branch of learning , usu. translated synchronism; `historical knowledge ', Meyer; `joint k., all- embracing (acquired) k., very great k., then historical k., antiquarian lore, later in connection with pedigrees and perh. almost a synonym of `scéla ', Mac Airt , see also Mac Cana, The Learned Tales of Medieval Ireland 125 . c.¤ .i. coimegna .i. eagna na n-ēolach .i. fis cech rīg rogabh i comaimsir fria araile, Corm. Y 363 . O'Cl. ni nos na freisligi [cen] c.¤ cach naesa .i. . . . caemegna, O'Dav. 1005 . coimgni .i. senchas, 347 citing dréuchta coimhghne, Ériu xiii 52 , see xviii 144 . ni fili nád chomgne comathar, LL 25008 (see Ériu xviii 142 ). relugad c.¤ , Laws v 56.26 = Ériu xiii 16.6 . coimgneda ┐ sceoil, Anecd. ii 42.27 (introd. to saga-list). ? iscélaib ┐ i comgnimaib, LL 24917 . fer comcni cumnech historian, LU 9789 = Triads 248 . C. lasrachētgabtha comgni, ZCP viii 303.1 . c.¤ cinti caemcheneóil, LL 25374 `the certain family lore of a fair race', Ériu xviii 149 . coimgnedha ┐ craeba coibníusa, BB 263a13 . ailgi comgni fer nÉreand, Ériu iv 144.3 (see xviii 148). coimgned, comamserad cáich, Metr. Dinds. i 14.21 . a c[h]lī cloth co cómgne (: bloince), MacCongl. 33.12 . c.¤ (sic MS) clann, 69.6 . seanchus filidheacht coimhgne (: foirne), Content. iii 19 . ughdar oirdherc . . . hi ccoimgnibh, AFM i 116.5 .

commairge

Cite this: eDIL s.v. commairge or dil.ie/11492
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: combairge, coimirc

n [], f. Also -c(h)e (see ZCP ix 342 - 3 ) and coi-, cu(i)-. n s. combairge, ZCP iii 240.6 . d s. coimirc, Párl. na mB. 4033 . cumairce comairce cumairchi comairchi cumairgi comairgi (c.¤ cáol leis íad, v.l.) f., IGT Decl. § 3 (44.15) . comairci, -che, -ghe, cum-, Verbs § 83 . cumraidhe, Celtica xi 211 = comairghe, BCC 30.19 .

(a) protection, security, refuge; sanctuary: act of protecting , etc. (see Críth G. pp. 106 - 7 ): commairce .i. comhmarcaigheachd, O'Cl. fáosamh .i. com[ha]irce, Eg. Gl. 647 . rāith c.¤ `surety of protection', PRIA xxxvi 308.19 ( Laws iv 340.20 , ZCP xii 366.1 ). for foísam ríg na ndúle / comairche nachanbéra (leg. -méra, Edd.) `a protection which will not betray us', Thes. ii 306.5 . lubair cretra c.¤ , LL 3921 `protection', Ériu viii 71.20 . comairce na ngrádh flatha so sís. cúic laithe comraite (leg. c.¤?) an airech desa; sé la comraite (leg. c.¤?) an aire tuisi; deich lá comraite (leg. c.¤?) an aire áird etc., O'D. 845 ( H 3.17, 602 ). comairche in aired bes a caithemh ambaile ┐ faesam dana iar fagbáil in baile, O'Curry 1386 ( H 3.18, 630a ) (cf. Laws ii 20 n. 4 ). cen ḟáosam, cen chomairche ina tíre, TTr.² 246 . bá túalaing a chomairgi in fer sin, LU 7778 = cumairce, BDD² 1323 . batir comarchi forro a n-airm, LU 3237 ( SCC 2 ). ba do comaircib na haimsire sin na hairm `the safeguards', RC xii 106 § 162 . Cf. section (c) below. tuc curu ┐ commairgeda ria nachas rinfed etc., LL 31131 ( TTr. 314 ). Easgob Ibair is Ailbhi / do c[h]rādh ima comairghi `sanctuary', Ériu xviii 60 § 13 . sochraid cach comairci, ACL iii 229.102 = ZCP xvii 61 § 24 . do ch.¤ a meic to protect his son(?), LL 2314 . do sharugud a comairgi, RC xxvi 134.12 . bid hi in chomairchi glan grinn, Fen. 108.9 . do fhagaibh se coimerghe ag mindaib . . . C.C. `enjoined safeguard', BCC 74.7 . tech ōiged la comairghi, ZCP vii 298.4 . comairche cotchend ┐ termonn, Ann. Conn. 1235.16 . dul tar ceart dár gcomairghe `the injustice involved in saving me', PBocht 17.19 . a n-onoir . . . na comairghe ordeochas se do beith ag an ferand so, BCC 30.20 . ceann comuirghe `chief protector', O'Hara 1768 . séana croinn na comairche (:aithne) (of tree of life?), DDána 6.8 . roba gairit in caill comarchi uathib iat they could afford them little protection from them (their pursuers)(?), Cog. 176.23 . coill chumairghe (of a family), IGT Decl. ex. 189 . sgíath comairghe (:connailbhe) (of a chief), Studies 1919, 74 § 15 . maithmhighe ar gcinn choimirce (: reimpe) (of Michael), DDána 11.36 .

(b) With various verbs and prepp.: do-berat comairgi di they give her protection, Heroic Biography of Cormac mac Airt 121.73 . ro gabais chommairchi you have sought protection, Fing. R. 51 . an tí ro gab ar chomairce a gualann, O'Curry 2626 ( Eg. 88, 53(54)c ). ro gab a commairgi fort in bairgen `has got its protection against thee', Ériu i 134.8 . gabh mo chomairce, a chuirp Íosa, A. Ó Dálaigh xvii 1 . do chuaidh ar a choimeirce, IT ii2 144.562 . dochuadur fein ar cumraighi Ronáin, KMMisc. 313.3 . tú ar a ccomairghe cuireim I place thee under their protection, Studies 1919, 440 § 13 . B. do marbhadh ar a comairce `while under his protection', Laws i 66.x Comm. iar marbad mac nUsnig fora ḟaísam ┐ fora chommairgi `in despite of his guarantee and surety', TBC-LL² 363 . fort comairge damh `under thy protection may I be', Ériu xix 14 § 11 . fora ccomairccibh, AFM ii 1074.13 . arna ndiúlthadh fa chumairce an tsagairt sin safe passage (`release'), Ériu v 92.20 . dar comhairge na bachla Iósa `in violation of', AFM ii 988.11 . maith [mo] choimirce ar cóir nDé protection against, A. Ó Dálaigh xxiv 1 .

(c) Of persons affording protection sureties, guarantors, protectors (us. in pl.): ? [í]ar lín a chomairce ┐ a charat, Críth G. 366 . ? na huile daine do cuir in ri amach din cumairce, O'Curry 1062 ( H 3.18, 439a ). rogabsat a c.¤ `took to them sureties', Metr. Dinds. iii 272.36 . tiagat c.¤ friu, IT i 75.9 ( LMU 13 ). ar ba duna comaircib bai fri maccaib Uisnech Cormac, BB 250b15 . na comairgi `protectors', RC xxvi 134.13 . go madh fiadhnach lasna comairgibh a chion `evident to the sureties', AFM ii 1072.12 . Note also: tainic in comharba ar toradh a retha a ndiaigh na comairge `the protected cattle', ZCP x 18. 26 v.l.

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