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2 aí

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 aí or dil.ie/715
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: aui, uith, uath, úad, uaidh, n-uath, ái, ai, , aibh

n t, m. (? Orig. neut. Celtica x 83 ). Earliest form aui (monosyll.), GOI 206 and ZCP x 446 . Later f. a s. uith, IT iii 5 § 1 . g s. uath, ib. in úad , O'Dav. 6 . d s. uaidh, O'Curry 370 . (H 3.18, 207a). g p. na n-uath , LL 5088 . With non-dental inflection a s. ái, Corm. Y 74 . g s. inna ai , RC xxvi 21 note 5 . n p. , Auraic. 742 . d p. aibh, IT iii 87 § 96 .

Poetic inspiration, learning; metrical composition: Dlighedh sesa, a treatise on the genesis of aí, Ériu xiii 35ff. (See notes and Corthals, Akten Linz 127-47 ). itat coic æ and .i. æ ailes ┐ æ chanas ┐ æ aiges æ mides ┐ æ suides, Auraic. 408 (see Jn. Celt. Stud. ii 65 ). caill crithmon . . . .i. caill asa tāet cless na uadh (clesa n-uad LB) ind airc [h]etail, Corm. Y 237 . felmac .i. mac ūad; fel .i. ái, 599 . ái .i. airc[h]etul, 74 . felmac .i. fel ai ┐ seis . . . .i. mac sesa ┐ mac uadh .i. airceta[i]l, O'Dav. 880 (see Ériu xiii 35 ). ái no áoi .i. éigsi no éolcha, O'Cl. féth .i. áoi no ealadha, ib. ic fethugud ai, Rawl. 108b34 = LL 187a11 . aithne damh homa re hæi .i. re heladain, ZCP v 483 § 1 (B. na f.). dochanaid aoí do cretaibh féth, Ériu xiii 17.11 . tiasg aoidh no uadh anmain Dé, 38.2 (= tiasc (sic leg.) ai i n-anmain Dé, O'Dav. 1564 ). tuarustal n-úadh ann so, 18 . ara theintemhlacht na mbríathar úadh ar is nemhnech bríathra in dána iter, Cóir Anm. 240 . cetharda condegar co hæs nuath do airic 'ma nuith, IT iii 5 § 1 . is fis o menmuin amh in ae, O'Dav. 991 . alt .i. aircetal, ar is alt in úad for it is a division of poetry, 6 . comiditer alta uad fri haltaib ín duine the divisions of prosody are compared to the joints of a person, IT iii 122.24 . cia halt huad . . . alta nan huad, Auraic. 1577 . tlachtga na n-uath dub a n-aerthar etc. , 5234 . acht mad æ roscichestar inna menmain .i. dliged gotha . . ., 488 = in aei, 2985 . fri comuaim n-uad, 3538 . dia coibdealachas a (=ó) huaidh on account of his artistic kinship with him, O'Curry 370 ( H 3.18, 207a ). sai uadh a sage of poetry, Laws iv 358.4 Comm. cain teasbann teim essgal sceo ni ain ni hain ai is mo hae is moam mo ain (.i. mo rosc ar focus no hai is lim indi as moo dom ainius) (the poet Dallán finds compensation for loss of sight in inner hearing and his art?), ZCP iii 224 § 13 (Amra Senáin). almsana is aoi / dá ndáil don lobhar is don lag, Measgra D. 59.14 . d'fhior go n-aoi, TSh. 5766 . Of Muses: da comfoirti na naoi nae, Celtica ii 71.45 . tomus a.¤ measure, quantity in verse(?): caide tomus cach hae a illabaibh? IT iii 24 § 6 . tomus nae [anal] ┐ innsci do cach iar na miad, Laws i 18.y Comm. tommus n-ai, IT iii 187 § 6 . trefocal . . . cen áe for anae (apparently some kind of metrical fault), ACL iii 293.10 ( Auraic. 1935 ). See Celtica vi 215-6 .

In names of metres: dona haibh freslige, IT iii 87 § 96 . aí idhan, 101 § 183. As n.pr. Aoí mac Ollamain, Ériu xiii 38.y . cia ainm regas ar in macsa . . . tabair Aí fair . . . conid assain . . . ro ainmniged aí airchetail .i. ó Aí mac Ollaman, LL 14611 ( ZCP xx 194.6 ).

1 áine

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 áine or dil.ie/1261

 

Forms: Áne, nÁne

n [, f.] (án. See Vendr. Lex.)

(a) brightness, glow, radiance: áne thened, Thes. ii 355.26 . áne in teined, Ériu ii 134 § 114 . di etrachtu ┐ ane ┐ soilse a gnuisi, 142 § 152 .

(b) brilliance, wit: Aed oll fri andud nane `Aed great at kindling of brilliance', Thes. ii 295 § 1 . ar aíne a forcedail, Laws iv 356.4 . ar gaís ar á.¤ ar amainse ar chirt, LU 10299 . for mac n-á.¤ eras céille adnad fír, SG 253.28 . Perh. also: áne la dóer, ecna la dodelb, Triads 84 .i. saidhbrios (as if = anae) ag daor neimhnidh, p. 38 . aine .i. ái án no aoi án .i. ealadha mhaith no fios maith, O'Cl.

(c) splendour, glory, fame: arrochiúir a n-á.¤ `their splendour has perished', Fél. Prol. 67 . ar adbud ar áni atronnai . . . .i. ara ainmni ┐ ara áini . . . nó ar adbchlos ┐ ar áini, LU 1132 ( ACC 121 ). is mór a á.¤ in Chassan sin hi fertaib, Trip.² 830 . at banlendan . . . ar do á.¤ ┐ t'urdarcus, LU 8237 ( FB § 18 ). ba comadhais dó ar . . . á.¤ ┐ oitidh ┐ aerdarcus, Ériu xii 164.4 (TE2). ar ḟebas a ṅgascid, ar a n-ani, LL 217b49 ( TTr. 68 ). beandacht orda[i]n, beandacht ā.¤ foraib uili, ZCP viii 560.9 . In bad sense pomp, vainglory: cen úaill n-úabair, cen áni `without pomp', Ériu iii 96 § 4 . ní hane fodruair (.i. ni forbas fodera a denum), Fél. Ep. 97 . Cf. O'Dav. 73 . beauty: díar gáet Luchet co n-áni (: Dáiri), LU 3180 . ba bind mo chocert áni / eter andrib co n-álli, 1303 . a há.¤, a himdercadh, a gart `her beauty' (of Ireland), Ériu iv 146.11 . eagna, ōghdhacht is á.¤ , O'R. Poems 3179 . delight: a mo aine gl. o . . . meum sabium (leg. sauium), Sg. 204b2 . is adbar á.¤ do t'eascairdib `cause of delight', MR 294.8 . aine .i. áineas, O'Cl.

(d) play, sport, amusement: co facaid na cuiléna oc á.¤ , SG 254.15 . ferr lubair āine work is better than play, Anecd. iii 18.20 . airiasacht ar aíne fir anfine ac na bi uiriasacht fir cota . . . [.i.] dul do neoch ar ainechas fein `for his amusement . . . for sport', Laws iii 424.5 , 11 Comm. ; aine .i. aibnes (quoting prec. ex.), O'Dav. 108 (`delight, ut est, if there be a consent for pleasure'). ní bhfuaradar uadh á.¤ nó aoibhneas, ITS xxiv 18.18 .

Note also: iar n-áne iar n-imḟorráin contest, fight (?), LL 15943 (or to be referred to áin ?).

(e) swiftness: ara deni ┐ ara ani in charpait, LU 10179 . aine .i. lúas no déine, O'Cl.

Of one of the grades of bard: bard aine in tochtmhadh bard ┐ ni fil dan laisidhe, IT iii 5.10 v.l.

As n.pr. Áne, LL 3318 . See also O'Rahilly, EIHM p. 288 f. In n.loc. Belach nÁne , LU 5217 .

Cf. áinius.

airchellad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airchellad or dil.ie/1693

 

u, m. vn. of ar-cela act of taking away, stealing: bes nobed nach aile leis ocinnd a.¤ , Sg. 202a7 . ? irudoerudo .i. emblema nó a.¤ , 52b3 . int a.¤ hi follus, Ml. 28c5 . ho a.¤ , 36b2 . tri a.¤ donaib sommaib a n-anae , 90a11 . ho erchellad, 38a13 . tri erchellad, 57a2 . erlam doib a erchellad ┐ a fordiuclaimm du chách, 102a10 . ? mac rocháin d'airchelad tre thóathbanda, ZCP xvii 197.10 . is leo du airchelath `it is a lion to ravish', Ériu vii 152.14 . ?athair na ndee n-airc[h]elta (: bechta) `gods of robbers', ZCP xii 245 § 2 . nairi aircelta na ningen, imbert na mban, BB 444a5 . is aircellad manaigh dun eclais, O'D. 2257 ( Rawl. B. 506, 20b ). airchellad .i. tiumsughad, ut est, a.¤ mong malartad édaig, O'Curry 1465 ( H 3.18, 651 ). a.¤ .i. timsugud, ut est cartad egair aircellad .i. a frith-teglama fói nó a timsugud do, O'Dav. 96 . airchealladh .i. goid, O'Cl.

Gramm. case-name of noun in accus. with prep. ar: fer . . . a airchelladh ar fer, Auraic. 1886 .

See 1 airchell.

anae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anae or dil.ie/3271

 

n io, m. (the expl. as * ad-no-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 585 would require a form * ánae . See the rhyming exx. infra). On conn. with mod. in ann, i ndan, indon etc. see Éigse xi 85 - 88 . In early lang. usually in pl. wealth, riches, prosperity: ana [.i.] saidhbhrios, Metr. Gl. 14 § 26 . anae graece .i. sursum, unde dicitur an. Anōs datur feib ┐ ana caich, quod indicat nomen hominis .i. antropus .i. suas-deicsid, O'Mulc. 86 . aninae .i. dapes, unde a.¤ , 87 . ana .i. sonas no saidhbhrios, O'Cl. lase rombatar a n-anai inna lamaib, Ml. 95a13 . imforling anu dúnni a paupertas gl. habundauit in diuitibus, Wb. 16c2 . nach accuis trissanétatsat som inna anu, Ml. 57a3 . is hé as topur inna n-ane gl. qui prestat nobís omnia abunde, Wb. 29c7 . ar thercai inna n-ane ndomundae, Ml. 56d14 . im chuindchid inna n-a.¤ nerchradach, 59d3 . honaib imbedaib inna n-a.¤ , 45b8 , 56b24 . inna n-ánæ gl. opum, 28a3 . donaib ánib, Wb. 27b9 . a foróil bess lib dinaib anib gl. uestra habundantia, 16c22 . ho anaib gl. diuitiis, Ml. 36a9 . doformaig a ánae , Fél. Ep. 195 . a.¤ ┐ suthaine dóib, Trip.² 2213 . nach tech suidigthir amlaid sin . . . ní bia can ana and, LL 3798 (= Dinds. RC xv 280 `treasures'). imrōl tocaidh ┐ ordan ┐ anai, ACL iii 298 § 64 . tri hana antreinn: tipra i sléib . . ., Triads 147 . ferr ana inā ancis, ZCP vi 261.3 . mathair anai cech ḟini, Metr. Dinds. i 10.71 . a linn na n-uile n-ana (: eangnamha), Dánta Gr. 41.107 (to a person). gér mór a ana / a einech 's a almsana (of Maedóc Ferna), BNnÉ 282 § 268 . sonas ná ana ná ágh, TSh. 9319 . In sense of provisions: nolethad a n-a.¤ tar[na] tire, Corm. Bodl. 28 (orcc tréith) = Corm. Y 1018 . aná mblechta, Ériu viii 69.70 = ana lachta, RC xx 250.20 . fácbaid tra rath ┐ bendachtu for deoradu Imblechu, ┐ ana mhinaráin i n-Imblig, MacCongl. 55.14 . ana cuile, ZCP x 50.4 . ? is tre fír flathemon cach ana lán cach lestar lán imma ḟlaith, ZCP xi 88 § 11 = cach recht rán, 81 § 12 . Fig. of a person: T. O Baighill ana thuaisceirt Erínn (sic), AU ii 270.16 . ó theasda mh'ana eisd mh'uch (: cara), DDána 90.25 . Ultan ana (.i. fertach) `U. a treasure', Gorm. Apr. 16 . As mock n. loc. Ana ┐ Indmas ┐ Brugas a tri ṅdúine, LL 3914 .

Compd. ¤-dénmaid: dind anedenmid gl. opifice, Ml. 25a19 . innanadeinmid gl. opificem, 42b17 .

1 anáe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 anáe or dil.ie/3272

 

n (2 áe) invalid suit(?): fosair anai .i. ini srethnaither tria hanai indlighthi o nech, O'Curry 1757 ( 23 Q 6, 34 b ). ? o tongar gach naincheas luigi na hanaoi, O'D. 696 (H 3.17, c. 510).

? 2 anáe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? 2 anáe or dil.ie/3273

 

n (? 2 aí): trefocul . . . cen áe for anae (some kind of fault in composition), ACL iii 293.10 ( Auraic. 1935 ).

aninae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aninae or dil.ie/3651

 

n a.¤ i. dapes, unde anae , O'Mulc. 87 .

1 ar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ar or dil.ie/3902

 

Forms: ar, air, er, eir, air, er, ar, arin,, airind, air, airnaib, armo, aire, aratobarr, arandéntar, arambiat, ara, armbad, ara, arindepur, aridlabrathar, arna, áirium, erum, erumm, erom, erut, ærut, airiut, airut, airiut, aurut, airiu, airi, airi, erre, airri, airre, airthe, erunn, erund, erond, airiund, airriun, airund, airib, airibsi, airiubsi, airiuibsi, eruibsi, erru, erriu, erro, airriu, airiu, erthu, airthiu, airtho, airib, airaib, or(u)m, or(u)t, air, uirre, orainn, oirinn, oraib, orru, orrtha

prep., leniting, with accus. and dat. See GOI § 823 , Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 150 , Frazer, ZCP viii 5 , Williams, Celtica ii 305 ; IGT Introd. § 130 .

Usually spelt ar. air, Ml. 51c2 , 2d2 ; er, 122a16 , BB 449a10 ; eir, Ériu iv 180 § 39 . The spellings air, er, etc. (more freq. in later lang.) and the modern pronunciation show that O. Ir. ar as simple prep.was replaced by a conflation of airi and fo(i)r (3 s. n. of 1 ar and 1 for).

In Mid. Ir. 1 for and 1 íar are frequently spelt ar. See III, IV below and the articles on these words.

With article arin, -int, -a, etc. Note also airind, Ml. 31b17 , air ind, 53a15 . arndi (= arindí), Ériu vii 138.4 . airnaib, Ml. 110d9 .

With poss. armo (m'), -do (t'), -a, -ar, -far (-bar) etc. Note also ar mh'éigse, Content. ix 26 . aire slicht, L. Chl. S. 2 .

With rel. part. ara: aratobarr, Wb. 12d29 . arandéntar, 2a10 . cid arambiat , Ml. 56b9 . ara n-eperr, Críth G. 1 . With copula: cid armbad , Wb. 11a19 . cidar impotabis, Ml. 56a13 . cid arnabu son, ib. ardott áigthe, LU 5656 = arṅdotāigi, TBC-I¹ 1178 (taking áigthi as vbl. of necess.). ara trēn, ACL iii 239 § 32 . ara n-amra, ZCP vii 312 § 26 . Before inf. pron. arindepur, Wb. 5a31 . aridlabrathar, 7d2 . With neg. arna airecht, Sg. 198b3 . arnach faca, ZCP xiii 169.13 .

With pron. suff. Early forms. 1 s. áirium, Wb. 7a12 . erum, LL 286a25 . erumm, PH 1397 . erom, 1503 . 2 s. erut, Wb. 27d19 , 29d7 , YBL 326b42 , PH 6565 . ærut, Ml. 2d8 . airiut, Blathm. 569 , LL 289b30 . airut, LU 8086 . GOI § 437 also gives airiut, aurut without reff. as `old forms which occur only in later sources' ( p. 272 ). 3 s. m. and n. GOI § 437 gives airiu as the dat. form (cf. airiu, O'Dav. 22 ?), airi as the accus. airi is the usual form passim in the early language. Cf. áiri, Wb. 11b21 . f. (accus. and dat. not distinguished) erre, Irish Texts i 3 § 8 (sic MS. See Ir. Hist. Stud. i 347 ). airri, SR 405 (emended to airre, GOI § 437 ). airthe, LL 286a7 . 1 pl. erunn, Wb. 15d13 , Ériu ii 124 § 65 . erund, LU 597 . erond, 588 . airiund, TBC-I¹ 170 . airriun, ZCP xi 110 § 26 . airund, LU 593 . 2 pl. airib, Wb. 20a3 , 22d25 , 27c19 , Metr. Dinds. iv 232.33 . airibsi, Wb. 14d25 , a33 , 16a26 . airiubsi, 15c1 , 17a5 . airiuibsi, 16c23 . eruibsi, 27d7 . Ml. 2a11 . 3 pl. acc. erru, Wb. 4d20 , 11a29 ; ZCP ii 315.26 . erriu, Wb. 9c8 , 11a20 . erro, LL 289b30 . airriu, Wb. 15a23 , 21d11 , O'Dav. 985 . airiu, Wb. 11d11 , Laws iv 176.7 . erthu, LL 280a1 . RC viii 154 § 5 . airthiu, LU 4915 . ZCP viii 310.22 . airtho, TBC-I¹ 409 . dat. airib, Laws iv 162.2 . airaib, 114.21 Comm.

In later lang. all pronominal forms influenced by those of for, giving or(u)m, or(u)t, air, uirre (uirthe), orainn (oirn. oirinn, O'Gr. Cat. 556.25 ), oraib ( oirb, BColm. 100.3 ), orru (orra, orrtha), etc.

The presumed distinction between ar with accus. when motion is implied and with dat. when no motion is implied ( Zeuss 622 ; with reservations Vendryes Gramm. § 283 ; see also Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 73 - 74 , Williams loc. cit.) appears most clearly in the stereotyped phrases ar chenn towards, ar chiunn ahead of, before (see 1 cenn): ar beolu towards, ar bélaib before, in front of (see bél). The dat. is usual in ar cach láu daily (see ) and in ar thosuch ( Sg. 203a7 , see tosach). Usage is less clear outside fixed phrases, and that of the various collections of O. Ir. glosses differs (the available material is also much reduced by the frequent identity of form of a s. and d s. of nouns). The accus. is regular in Wb. in senses of taking away from and counting as , and also in glosses on Lat. ob, the dat. where the meaning is with regard to, instead of and in glosses on Lat. super. Both cases are found where the meaning is for the sake of, because of . In Ml. accus. is constant only in set phrases. The dat. is usual in meaning counts as , do-beir ar (for?) calls and in glosses on Lat. dat. without preposition (ar gentib gl. gentibus, 78a12 , 89c2 ) and where a Lat. compd. noun is treated as two words (arintinmlegun gl. promulgatione, 71c18 ). In general use the meanings saving from, instead of, in meaning of, in return for, on account of, because of, for the sake of, for the purpose of are all found both with accus. and dat. In Sg. the meanings instead of and on account of are found with both cases. See also IGT Introd. § 130 , Bard. Synt. Tr. 2 - 4 , 17 , 20 (where detailed rules are given for accus. and dat. both with simple ar and for compd. preps. such as ar aghaidh, etc.).

I

(a) Much less freq. in concrete or physical meanings than in more abstract ones. Perh. before, in front of in (case of follg. noun not certain): dá [n]dorus [n-]and, comla[e] ar ala n-aí, clíath ar alailiu (-e, MS.) `in front of' (Gloss.), Críth G. 100 . ar Tuatha Dé Danann `before the T.D.D.', Ériu xii 152 § 15 (TE). cethridoruis airri (recte airre) im-mach, SR 405 . ó beit fíanna fer nÉrenn ┐ Alban do Chonaire ar thig, BDD² 1416 . Cf. 1081 , 1400 , 1492 . ? airiu . . . iarmo in front of it . . . behind it(?), O'Dav. 22 . Cf. airber .i. frit anair bere .i. eter do dī lāim, ar is fort muin bere ere [n-]aile, Corm. Y 58 . Acc. to Binchy, SCano p. 33 , frequent in meaning east of, the only example cited being: acon loch ar Mag Aí `by the lake east of Mag Aí', Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 32 § 2 (`on'). Cf. Airbri .i. fri Bri Eli anair, O'Mulc. 70 = Dinds. 16 ( RC xv 308 ). ? a nAicill ar Temair, Anecd. i 17.1 . Cf. perh. Síd ar Femin, LU 7846 ( BDD 140 ), etc. (or for al?). Perh. orig. with concrete force also in: do té(i)t aitire ar ḟer feras in fuil, Críth G. 52 `goes surety for', Gloss. Concrete meaning is perh. also to be assumed in the phrases agaid ar (late, orig. for?), ar agaid, ar amus, ar beolu, ar bélaib, bél ar bél, ar chenn, ar chiunn, ar dorus, ar dreich, ar fed, ar gnúis, ar leth, ar medón, ar ṡúil, ar thosuch, ar thús, ar úairib. See under the nouns concerned. With more abstract force in ar aí, ar apu (see 3 aí, 1 apa). Here may also be included: doire acummisc arúir `of their being mixed with mould', Wb. 13d3 . úachtar ar lemlacht dó mixed with, Críth G. 63 . loim midc do chumasc ar usciu `to mix a sip of whey with water', Mon. Tall. 143.25 . ba fial ṅdō buith arnaib ōcaib, cēin dogēni calma among, TBC-I¹ 1266 = LU 5739 . ? tiucfa in mac cētna ar bar cloind, ZCP viii 563 § 27 (for?). Perh. for for in: ó fó-certa a ṡrúb ar géscoe against a branch, BDD² 349 (= ar gésce, 355 ). conadh ar x. míli cathrach do shiublaighdis techta Magnuis Cam . . . ō maduin co fescor `to ten thousand cities', Marco P. 96 .

Rarely of time. See ariu before .

(b) In the follg. exx. the meaning is also more or less concr., though the precise meaning of the prep.is obscure, and it would be possible to consider them as early exx. of the replacing of for by ar (see III, and fo-ceird III): arnarala for cubus áiri, Wb. 11b21 (see note). Cf. focheird mo menma airi `my mind is set on him', Ériu ii 92 § 2 . ón lá tarrla ar n-airi air, iv 220.27 . torala dia archeill do degnimu su `let God bring to mind thy good deeds', Ml. 43b15 . iscor lame ardodced buith ocairbiathad sainte gl. nam qui volunt divites f[i]eri, incidunt in temptationem, Wb. 29b18 . ? Cf. ni comarleiced (.i. nir cetaig) dó cor lamha aire (.i. dul do sacarbhaic) cin foghlaim, Trip.² 243 . mabeidní dirúnaib dothéi armenmuin indfir, Wb. 13a12 . Note also: arnaib réib ilib gl. et qui ascendit super omnes caelos, 22a8 .

(c) In compd. numerals (with dat., see Celtica ii 312 ): a n-óen ar fichit (fichet, MS) the twenty-one, Ml. 2d2 . cóic míli ochtmugat ar chét one hundred and eighty five thousand, 34b17 . a ocht deac ar chét, BCr. 32d2 . deichinbair ar dib fichtib ar trib cétaib, Trip.² 3104 . secht cathae ar chetharchait / ar secht cétaib is huilliu, ZCP viii 313.34 . cōicer ar ceithri fichtib, 219.29 . fer ar sheisir seven men, Celt. Rev. x 348.23 . fri re tri n-aidhche ar mís, RC xviii 162.32 . Note also: tāinic buiden mōr . . . dōig lim is ar trichaid cēt inti approximately(?), TBC-I¹ 3142 (text perh. faulty).

II In a wide variety of abstract meanings for the most part deriving independently from those given under I.

(a) for, for the sake of, on behalf of, etc. (often gl. Lat. pro) (with accus. and dat. See Celtica ii 309 ): cia dudrigni dia mór di maith erriu, Wb. 11a20 . innahí dorigeni Día ar maccu Israhel, 30 . mirabilia dorígeni Dia ar maccaib Israhel, 28 . massu arinbethid . . . dagníu, 13c11 . mor ní as dénti ní airriu, 15a23 (in sense of mod. déanaim rud ar I obey, see Thes. Suppl. 51 ). niarséuti . . . robcarsi tíamthe, 23d4 . ar erchru gl. pro defectu, Ml. 31a4 . dusrigeni dia erru amal robu thol doib, 54a34 . fri assaru ar maccu israhel gl. rerum gestarum (testimonio), 94d2 . ara bǽsaib som .i. ar denum a thule gl. pro suis ritibus laborantes, 87b20 . a ndorigēnai in rí / do ḟertaib ar ṡanct Brigti, Thes. ii 332.4 (Hy. v). or ar Bran nailither, 286.34 (inscr.). lānamain . . . nī fil etarscarad dōib acht ar Dia, Corm. Y 824 . léicfider cach bean do mnáib airiut thou wilt be preferred to all other women, BDD² 59 . ar ghaol for the sake of relationship, Studies 1918, 99 § 15 . dorindedh mainistreacha ┐ sepeil le ar anmain Gyi `for the soul of G.' ZCP vi 90.11 . See also under meince, 1 pairt. Freq. in sense of (praying) for, see airnigde, guide, guidid, oráit.

(b) for the sake of, by in adjurations and invocations: dilig dam . . . / ar Maire n-amra n-Ingin, SR 7820 . ar do chumachtae . . . tesaircc dam-sa mo chūrcha, BColm. 54.3 . ar do thrīnōiteacht, a Thrīnōit, ACL iii 241 § 2 . ar t'fhírinni riutsa, na furáil etc. by thy honour, CCath. 1659 . ar na deib rib, TTebe 4025 . síol Ádhaimh . . . / ar do thocht díobh slánaigh sinn, Dán Dé ix 22 .

(c) on account of, because of (with accus. and dat. Glossing Latin ob, pro, propter): ar ar comoicsi do bás on account of, Wb. 14b25 . aracethardese gl. quam ob causam, 31b24 . ob mirationem .i. airinn adamrugud, Ml. 61a15 . ar chosmaili ind fochuinn diaragbtha gl. causae uicinitate, 35b24 . ar ét im chrabud gl. pro zelo religionis, 36d24 . arna lithu gl. propter cultús diuini festa, 47b2 . arna pecthu immefolngat guasacht do anmin gl. propter animae pericula, 7 . cid arnaibhisiu .i. arnaib hi forodamarsa gl. ob ista, 58d13 . ní ar pianaib do thabairt forru `not on account of the infliction of punishments upon them', 114b7 . ara foirbthetu fadesin, Wb. 6c19 . tocombaig a ṡlán ara ḟornert because of, Críth G. 415 . ar ṡóethaib because of grievances, 581 . ar ilar a imarbus, ZCP viii 104.7 . Corco Bāiscind ar a nert / nī damaid cert d'Eoganacht, v 500.16 .

With a variety of nouns in more or less stereotyped phrases: ar na h-ádhbharaibh sin for those reasons, ML 58.11 . ar[a] airmitin som through respect for him, Ériu iv 30.23 . ar t'ḟuath, i 97.32 . ni diles ni doberar ar uathbas `nothing is lawful which is given out of terror', Laws iv 286.25 . See also under áis, cairde, 1 cúis, 1 écndairc, éicen, ecla, 1 gart, midlachas, miscais, omun, sant, serc, úacht, etc.

Common with abstr. nouns from adjj. in the construction: nīr fētatar a tōcbāil ar a truma because of her weight = because she was so heavy, Anecd. iii 9.8 . ar dúire a drochdelba, Ériu iv 102.16 . ar ḟebus na cuidechtae because the company was so excellent, BColm. 78.18 . ar a laechdacht, ZCP viii 318.12 . ar cumga in puill nír féd dul amach, Ériu v 49.7 . in senadh ic á adhradh ar a uaisle, CCath. 334 . ar ghoire do ghaoil, Dán Dé xi 11 . Without poss. or gen.: cona tisa . . . in dam tarais ar airdi (a fence), Laws iv 76.19 Comm.

Freq. in advv.and conjj. in O. Ir. glosses. 3 s. n. as adv. on account of it, therefore: fristemlighter cid ind aier airi, Ml. 73c2 . ni bad pronomen airi, Sg. 203b2 . isairi doroigu dia geinti hore . . . this is why . . . because, Wb. 5b12 . is airi inso rogabad som hi rige, Ml. 14a4 . cinid airi doberr desimrecht acht ar atrebthach nand, Sg. 35b13 . With article and i: arindi gl. eo, Sg. 190a4 . ni arindí . . . sed quia not because . . . but because, 5a4 . arindisin gl. ei, Ml. 54c6 . arndi furumai sár for cach toil, Ériu vii 138.3 . With se: ní nád ṁbed arse di chorp gl. ideo, Wb. 12a22 . arse gl. ob hoc, Ml. 18d15 , gl. qua re, 29d1 . isarse gl. quo circa, Enchir. Aug. 70b , 81b ( ZCP vii 480 , 484 ). airechas ceneóil airsiu (leg. airsin? edd. airriu, Ped. MS Index to Wb. glosses) ní airechas fidei, Wb. 1b12 . Later: air sin on account of that, CCath. 2350 . Note also: ar a smuaintighib do beith . . . a mbeat[h]aidh an tigerna so that his thoughts might be in, etc., BCC § 5 (cf. ara).

(d) instead of, in place of, as substitute for, in meaning of (meaning confined to O. Ir. glosses. With dat., occas. with accus.): arnab geintib huilib taken as referring to all the Gentiles gl. Iudeos et Grecos omnes, Wb. 2a15 . foirbthe ar anfoirbthu gl. decem milia, a perfect (number) for an imperfect, 9a10 . corda .i. arin duiniu huli lesom gl. a parte totum, Ml. 53a2 . todochide ar sechmadachtae n-anfoirbthe gl. commotatio . . . temporum `future for imperfect', 62a16 . arnaib bolcaib gl. pro uesicis, 99a4 . fogur cechtar de ar alaliu ┐ fogur na liter naile airriusom, Sg. 4a8 . ni roscríbad ar naill (leg. ar na aill, edd.), 6b3 . a ṡuidigud ar anmmaimm dílius, 27a1 .

Often with as-beir, do-beir etc.: dobeir inso arnab uilib cumactib gl. supra omnem principatum et potestatem et uirtutem et dominationem, Wb. 21a13 . epert innan (MS. inna) aisndisen arnaib gnimaib gl. dicit autem non quia talia locuti sunt Scribae . . . sed quia talia fecerint, Ml. 16d3 . a ndurigni duaid in gnim sin in tengad do airbirt ar gnimaib in choirp, 31b24 . intan asmbersom pes ┐ manus nochis arnaib gnimaib són dungniat som honaib ballaib hisin atbeirsom, 56b3 . tri suidigud dosom inna cluas arin chorp huiliu, 60b16 . arnaib fedaib sonartaib ardaib gl. pro terribilibus arbustís cedros possuit, 146a6 .

The idiom ad-rími ar counts as (with accus. and dat.) is prob. to be assigned to this section: ní ármisom ar chumactte, Wb. 6a1 . cenid ar chomsuidigthib adrímther inna fortórmach so, Sg. 202a5 . See ad-rími. With LA: petra les arin trediusa sís he takes petra as standing for, Ml. 60a7 . in loc lesom híc arnaib aitrebthidib gl. a loco habitatores intellegite, 144c3 .

(e) in return for, in exchange for, as price of, in payment for, as equivalent of (with accus.): airitiu lóge ar mo precept in return for, Wb. 10d31 . rotbīa a lōg airi you shall have a reward for it, TBC-I¹ 585 . is lá cach(a) tíre do-tét dlega(i)r aire `is due for it', Ériu xvii 70.4 . Freq. do-beir lóg etc. ar: ainm indlóge doberr domiledaib armílte, Wb. 3c1 . intan dobera Dia fochraicci ar degnimu, Ml. 90c14 . screpul doberar do gilli . . . ar comaitecht do neuch o pecad `a groat that is given to a lad for accompanying someone in a sin', Mon. Tall. 143.9 . nī tibur-so in tinnscra sin(ee) cid ar Meidb C. feissin I wouldn't give a brideprice like that for M. herself, ZCP iv 39.7 (cf. TBFr. 185 ). ní conrogab terochraic . . . ar forbrissiud fir truaig `reward for oppressing a wretched man', Ml. 36a32 . ni riat na dánu diadi ara n-indeb domunde sell for, Wb. 28c2 . ríthæ . . . ar ech ndonn, Thes. ii 240.1 (Ardm.). tale damsa a log ar epert do firinne lat, Ml. 36a32 . síodh Dhé 'gá ceannach ar chrodh being bought for herds, Dán Dé xxvii 33 . With vbs. of leaving, abandoning: ni dérsid for sóiri ar fognam, Wb. 20b10 . roleicc creitim ar in paganacht he left the faith for paganism, Anecd. iii 72.28 . as uime do trēig Temraigh / ar Chend Maghair, ZCP viii 108.19 . Denoting preference: ragaid duit aire . . . rígi hÉrend in preference to him, BColm. 68.18 . do mholfuinn fear an leithléighinn 'gá mbíadh beatha ghlan . . . arfhear láinléighinn 'gá mbíadh beatha némhthromdha, Mac Aingil 4782 .

(f) for the purpose of, in order to obtain (as far as the exx. serve with accus. in Wb. and dat. in Ml. The exx. from Wb. given here, however, could equally be referred to the preceding section): precept arbiad in order to obtain food, Wb. 10d13 . madarlóg pridchasa, 23 . is arnach nindocbáil móir fodaimim se inso, 23b12 . asberat isar indeb isdénti tol dǽ, 29b12 . arind etarimdibiu (arindetar imdibiu, MS.) gl. pro interfectione aduersariorum, Ml. 36b23 . ar chuindriug pectho gl. instrumentum est divinae iustitiae `for the correction of sin', 49b7 . gabthe dunad les fris arinoillus for protection, 55c1 . asberar ar thormuch pectha for the purpose of increasing sin(?), 76a5 . bliadain lán dano do M. [┐] a muindtir uli for usciu ┐ bargin ar tuaslucud anmae B. `to obtain the release of the soul of B.,' Mon. Tall. 133.29 . serc fochraici ara n-as[c]nam, piana do imchaisiu ara n-imgabail in order to avoid them, Ériu vii 138.28 . is rimsa . . . rohérbad ar eisnéis it is to me it was entrusted for relating, iv 144.21 . annsa lebur tuc sé dóib ar choimét a ndligid feín `for keeping', Maund. 61 . Also perh. in phrase ar olc fri, see olc (because of?).

(g) by virtue of, by means of, through (dat.): condenad fingail ar chuinged soinmige do gl. mercari peccato securitatem, Ml. 39a6 . ? ar gressaib gal / glenaid luch inna línsam `by feats of valour', Thes. ii 293.20 . ni ar lín óc brister cath, Ériu ix 47 § 18 . ar neart a n-engnama by dint of their prowess, ML² 286 . gaibsit tír and ar chlaideb by the sword, ZCP viii 313.21 .

(h) In general sense of in respect of, with regard to, in the matter of, relating to, etc. (appar. with dat.) (the ascription of some exx. to this section is tentative): desmrecht insin ar aimsir deirb that is an example of, Sg. 66b17 , cf. exemplum ara airiuc far diull tanaisiu, 106b20 , exemplum inso ara rangabalda asrubart, 39a5 . annsom hi taurgillib tairgille ar bechaib, Laws iv 162.1 . rucus tairgilli ar bechaib `für Bienen ist ein `tairgille' . . . zu stellen', ZCP xv 319 § 12 . ? isam ómun ar a aisnéis I am afraid to relate it, LU 5349 . is fon samla-sin . . /gníth . . . a cét-chumma / Temrach . . . / ar áibnius in beauty, Metr. Dinds. i 10.64 . fear feadhma deas ar gach ndān in every art, ZCP viii 562 § 16 . bean as ghloine ar ghníomharthaibh `purest in deeds', A. Ó Dálaigh xv 15 . issí eisimplair Crist . . . do lenfadís ar míne ┐ ar buaine, ar deirc ┐ ar trocaire, Maund. 123 . ro derscnaigh d'ógaibh a chomaoisi ar goil ┐ gaisccedh, Leb. Gab.(i) 200.7 . Also in phr. ar chuit, see cuit. For do-beir teist ar see teist. See airbág.

Common in phr. of type: teine . . . ar thes crabaidh (of a person) a fire . . . in heat of piety = a paragon of piety, Anecd. iii 5.19 . Muridach, ba muir ar crūa[i]s, ZCP viii 299.34 . deochain ar grādaib ┐ sacart ar ūaisle a deacon in rank and a priest in reputation, BColm. 82. 15 - 16 . ba laech ar gaisced, RC xxiv 184.4 . a éan choluim ar cheannsa, Dán Dé i 19 . mar lile ar lí, Dánta Gr. 30.14 .

(i) about (of stories, books, reading, etc. In late exx. only. Perh. orig. for in this meaning): iomda ar Lasair ferta amhra many wonderful miracles (are said to have been performed) by L., Ériu v 90.4 . is mebair linn . . . / in seanchus fil ar Mag Ráin the lore about M., iv 156.18 . Leabhar Oiris ┐ An[n]ála ar Cogthaibh . . . Éireann, i 78 . craoibsgaoileadh ar chath Cluana Tairbh description of the battle of C., 16 n. léighmid ar Alexander n-uaibhrech, etc., Mac Aingil 872 . léan ba sgéal ar fianaibh Fáil, Magauran 2790 . Cf. sgriobhthar ortha go . . ., Ó Héodhusa 68.16 .

(j) With verbs of depriving, stealing, hiding, lacking, etc. from (accus. and dat.): tri airchellad donaib sommaib a n-anae airnaib bochtaib, Ml. 90a11 . is amne asruluús airi, Wb. 17d16 . a manaig do béim ar Lommān, BColm. 84.16 . ní bēram-ne t'áthius ort we shall not take thy victory from thee, 74.22 . ni cumscaichthi cumachtae nairi gl. hoc potestatem literae motare non debuit, Sg. 6a5 . ni fil nach díchlith airi, Wb. 1a4 . tesbanat boíll aíriu, 11d11 . in dá ṡét tesbanat airi, Críth G. 130 . ní gette na brithemnachta becca erriu you would not snatch the petty judgements from them, Wb. 9c8 . nī gatar a forgall ar domun degmnā, Cáin Ad. 4 . a tellad errusom, Wb. 11a29 . dives cui (.i. isar) clam tollitur , Enchir. Aug. 76b ( ZCP vii 482.27 .)

(k) With verbs of protecting, saving from , defending against (accus. and dat.): ainsium Crīst ar cech nernbās, Thes. ii 352.4 (Hy. vi). Dīa dom chobair . . . / ar cech ṅgúasacht, 350.16 (ibid.). dia dítin ar in pecthach, Ml. 57c4 . dia diden . . . ar náimdib, Thes. ii 354.2 . airnaib imnedaib doneimni a dǽ, Ml. 110d9 . fri himdegail cuirp . . . ar demnaib, Thes. ii 354.4 . diar snádud . . . / ar gábud, 359.6 . for soirad ar senachrib, Ml. 33b21 . air ni bói numsoiradsa ar chumachtae ṅduini, 74b13 . Continuing a Latin construction: ar thes inna gréne són ┐ ara naimtib gl. quae etiam inumbraret eos et regeret, 97c4 . arnaib cumachtgaib gl. difensionem, 103c7 . arnaib hi sin gl. ut illis eripiat, 117b4 . defensionis . . . ar maccaib israhel, 124b10 . Note also: comad chādus ar cach ngúasacht that it might be a halidom against every danger, BColm. 96.10 . tucc dam a Dē mōir / . . . / ar pīanu na plāg / tonna dīana dēr, ACL iii 232 § 1 .

III In later lang. ar and for become a single preposition (often with surviving difference in follg. mutation, see the examples in Bard. Synt. Tr. p. 2 ff. ). The follg. are exx. of ar for earlier for. Of local relations (for I): imda gol gargc ar a brú many a fierce wail in its lap, BColm. 100.6 . ar saebchoire in a maelstrom, 94.12 . tarrúd úire ar airib / for leccaib ar láech-maigib, Metr. Dinds. iv 232.34 . seóit Cluana maic Nóis do foillsechadh ar Gallaib Luimnigh `were discovered with', RC xviii 53.12 . Of quasi-local relations, etc. (II). Of point of time (c): ar na tri soldomnaib `on the three chief feasts', Mon. Tall. 129.27 . ar notlaice ┐ caiscc ┐ cengciges, Ériu vii 150.30 . Of rule, sway, over (f): ba rī tenn ar Tūathmumain, ZCP viii 119.28 . flaithius ┐ forlamhus ar crichaib . . . na cruinne, CCath. 1 . In addition to (g): cotardda trá ar se mo chendsa ardo chend my head in addition to thine, RC iii 185.8 . credo ┐ pater . . . ar cech m-biait, xv 490 § 26 ( for cach mbiait, § 32 ). Affecting, afflicting, etc. (h): bíd oirb oman Dé do neim, BColm. 100.3 . trom orm a innisi, ZCP viii 200.25 . duaithnid ar dainib in domain incomprehensible to, Fen. 38. 16 . Subsisting on (j): ar geilt féoir feeding on grass, Ériu iv 156.12 . ar usci ┐ bairgin, RC xv 491 § 30 , cf. for usci ┐ bairgin, 490 § 26 . In a state or condition (k): na biad ar in mbreith sin `that she would not abide by that judgement', RC xxiv 196.1 . nírbo borg báeth ar bruidin it was not a foolish castle engaged in brawling, Metr. Dinds. i 32.46 . With vb. of motion: ge deach rī Conaill a ccēin / ar slūaiged rí Temhra tréin, ZCP viii 116.21 . To express the dativus incommodi (m): adbathadar uile thorad parrthais ar Adam `were forfeited by Adam', Laws iv 266.14 . adbathadar ar Aongus a thire, 15 . rogabsat tech air they stormed the house in which he was, BColm. 72.4 . ni cloifithir oirb bar cath, YBL 314b55 . Perh. also: ben clucc ar Cellach against, Cáin Ad. 18 . cogadh mór le Domnall . . . ar Brian, Ériu i 78.5 . In phrases (p): ar bith c[h]é on this earth, BColm. 100.3 . ar comairci C. under the protection of C., 86.28 . ar debaid in haste, LL 7493 . ar lár cháich in the midst of everybody, Ériu iv 222.28 . ar neam in heaven, Anecd. i 39.114 . ar ṡeilbh (sic leg.) éicsi, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919, v 92 § 9 . With verbs (III): dorad min aire `put meal over it', Mon. Tall. 147.11 . dobert trian forcridi . . . ar chuid cach lae `added one third of water to the daily allowance', 7 . do thabairt geinti ar ireis, ZCP iii 22.6 .

Note also: rostatlaig ar thenn-medón he clasped her by the sturdy waist, Ériu iv 104.8 . roghabh nathraigh mbí ar bolgán `by the belly', CCath. 4194 .

IV Replacing ÍAR. Of time (I): ar cath Ch. after the battle of C., ZCP viii 314.18 . arsin, Ériu iv 132.1 . is ar sein anid sí co arnabárach thereupon she remains till the morrow, ZCP viii 309.20 . ar n-ēirghi grēine at the rising of the sun, ML² 1333 . sóaidh co brónach dia taigh ar marbadh a maic, RC xviii 45.31 . ar tteacht ór tticch, ZCP viii 219 § 13 . do bātar ar n-a crēchtnugad, ML² 386 . ar ngabāil gīall for Mumain, ZCP viii 119.31 . Of place (II): arsin t[s]eit along the way, Mon. Tall. 153.20 . ar slige Póil is Petair in the track of Paul and Peter, Ériu v 24.24 . According to (III): suidfither gach aon duine . . . ar miadh ┐ ar dligedh ┐ ar a sognim[r]adh, RC xxviii 22 § 49 . ar a fidhair fen do cruthaigh Día é in His own image, BCC § 408 .

For use as conjunction see 2 ar, 1 ara.

bochta

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bochta or dil.ie/6250

 

Forms: -ae, boichte

n O. Ir. -ae , f. (1 bocht) also boichte. poverty, want : inna bochtae i mbiat som, Ml. 36a18b ref. to paupertatem, 18a. air arrocheisside di bochtai chaich, 61a9 . in bochtae bís tri airchellad donaib sommaib a n-anae airnaib bochtaib, 90a11 . cen bochtai cen nochtai cen díth, LU 2297 ( FA 35 ). fri foimtin terci no bochde `as a precaution against scarcity or poverty', Mon. Tall. 132.15 . du na aicfider bochtu na nochtu, na gorta, Ériu ii 144 § 161. húair rombatar i mbochtai, SR 1477. b.¤ búan (chev.), 6849 . bether co fada a mb.¤, / a fūacht is a sīrnochta, ZCP x 53.2 . im ing, im b.¤ , Laws ii 338.z Comm. slighe na b.¤ (: dolta), DDána 21.27 . boichte ná toice . . ., 46.22 . fa-ríor ! atá an antuigse / riamh i leanmhain na b.¤ , Dánta Gr. 61.24 . taispénadh follus gairbhe . . . ┐ b.¤ = austerity . . . and pouerty, RSClára 73b . in-dailli no i m-bochti, ZCP xxx 151.1 . ni bíd da b.¤ nech isin domun na bá écin do a ícc, LB 132b17 . dá bochda bhíos, IGT Decl. ex. 946. dá bh. dá mbí an fhoighide, Desid. 3391. ? bera do b.¤ cein arariastar sealba, O'Dav. 152.

do-airret, do-áirret

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-airret, do-áirret or dil.ie/17156

 

Forms: tár(r)thid, tair(r)thid, tarraid, dusn-arrith, ním-farraidh, tairet, do-da-uret, do-m-airthend, -tairthenn, do-n-airthe, do-n-arraid, da thairthe, doairthend, -táirthe, do-sn-árthet, donairthét, tairthet, to-air-thét, tairthit, táirthed, toirthead, tairset, dafarsed, danarsitis, táirsitis, -táir, tartha, tanáirsed, tarradais, do-m-árraid, du-sn-arraid, do-t-árruigh, dafarraid, do-s-farraidh, -fairraidh, -fairidh, dosfairtestar, rom-farraid, rosfarraigh, tarraid, -tárraid, tarraigh, tharraid, dothairraich, rostarraig, donarthaid, tarthaid, tarthaigh, taurthais, tarthis, táirthis, táirthidhis, tairtemar, tarthamair, tárthamar, donarthatar, do-n-arthetar, du-sn-arthaiter, do-airtetar, dofárthetar, dofairthetar, tarthatar, tárthetar, tartatar, tarthadar, tairthedar, [t]airthiter, tairredar, doairrither, tarrthaitear, tairthither, tarthither, tarthithear, tarrustar, notairister, tarrustar, tharrastá, tarusta, taraisdea, tarrustar, -tairistea, tarras, tarrus, rotharrus, tarrthus, tarrthas, tairtes, tarrassa, tarraid, tárruim, tarar-sa, tarrusa, tarrais, doradais, tathradais, tharr, tharramar, tarabhair-si, tárratar, tarradar, tairredar, tháirsiot, conus-táirsetar, -ttarustar, dofáirthetar

(* to-air-reth-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 598 , but perh. *to-ad-reth- or a contamination of both. See GOI p. 496 ). Later as simple vb. tár(r)thid, tair(r)thid, tarraid. IGT Verbs § 16 . Indic. pres. 3 s. dusn-arrith, Trip.² 904 . ním-farraidh, RC x 90.4 (LU). ? tairet, LL 179a1 . ? do-da-uret, Laws iv 184.13 . Later: do-m-airthend, Imr. Brain ii 293.11 . RC x 222 § 13 . -tairthenn, RC x 222 § 13 . Fen. 226 . The follg. are apparently either pres. or pret. 3 s.: do-n-airthe, RC xiii 405 § 57 (cf. do-n-arraid, § 56 ). da thairthe, x 222.132 v.l. (doairthend, text). -táirthe, ALC i 132.7 . 3 pl. do-sn-árthet, TBC-I¹ 195 (LU). donairthét, Trip.² 1524 . tairthet, Wb. 27d23 (possibly = to-air-thét, see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. § 840.1 ). tairthit, Alex. 1127 ( -id, 491 ). 1069 . Impf. 3 s. táirthed, LU 5159 = toirthead, TBC-I¹ 677 . Subj. The orig. s-subj. early fell together both in form and meaning with that of do-airicc, from which it is hardly to be distinguished in prose; for exx. see do-airicc, where some of the subj. forms given may belong to this verb. The follg. forms may be assigned to do-airret: subj. pres. 3 pl. tairset, BDD 95 ; impf. 3 s. dafarsed, TBC-LL¹ 4255 . 3 pl. danarsitis, Irish Texts i 12 § 37 . táirsitis, TBC-I¹ 613 (do-airicc?). Also perh. -táir in bardic verse ( Dán Dé xxvii 16 , L. Cl. A. B. 239.62 , etc.). Later forms: pres. 3 s. go nach tartha , ZCP viii 552.4 . Condit. 3 s. tanáirsed, BDD² 1087 (see Gloss. s.v. do-árid).

Pret. and perf. 2 s. tarradais, LL 303b30 ( RC xiii 84 § 95 ). 3 s. do-m-árraid, LU 9361 . du-sn-arraid, AU 912 . do-t-árruigh, TE § 9 . dafarraid, Trip.² 298 . do-s-farraidh, AFM 1101 , -fairraidh, 919 , -fairidh, 430 . dosfairtestar, Alex. 789 . rom-farraid , BNnÉ 301 § 4 . rosfarraigh, BB 50a22 . tarraid, FB § 66 . -tárraid, SR 3019 . tarraigh, RC ix 468 (LU). do tharraid , SR 4157 . dothairraich, Lec. 615b6 . rostarraig, BB 351b20 . Note also donarthaid, O'D. 111 ( H 3.17 90 ). Forms like tarthaid, RC xv 426 , tarthaigh, Imr. Brain i 66.11 , 69.25 , may be presents of simple vb., cf. the later s-pret. taurthais, TBC-LL¹ 1241 (do-tuit?). tarthis, Cóir Anm. 70 . táirthis, RC xiii 106 (LL). táirthidhis, Keat. ii 2334 . 1 pl. tairtemar, TBC-I¹ 2482 . tarthamair, ZCP xii 384.6 . tárthamar, Acall. 2911 . 3 pl. donarthatar, Trip.² 1608 . do-n-arthetar, LL 406b1 . du-sn-arthaiter, AFM vi 2332 . do-airtetar, Lism. L. 522 . dofárthetar, TBC-LL¹ 2489 . dofairthetar, TBC-I¹ 1835 . tarthatar, TBC-LL¹ 677 . AU 961 . tárthetar, TTr.² 722 . tartatar, Aen. 1021 . tarthadar, AFM v 1358 . tairthedar, ii 830 . PH 1913 . conid [t]airthiter , AU 946 . gu tairredar , CCath. 2404 .

Pass. pres. doairrither, Laws iv 140.y . tarrthaitear, IT iii 198.11 . i tairthither , LL 14b10 = tarthither, BB 42a23 . tarthithear, Lec. 571a28 . Subj. pres. mana tarrustar , Laws iv 244.1 ; ii 180 , 288 , 62.3 . ge notairister , 182 (?). nár tarrustar , Duan. F. i 55.29 . Impf. ní tharrastá , TTr.² 181 . co tarusta , Laws v 328 , cf. ii 90.5 . da taraisdea , iii 100.6 . Fut. tarrustar `shall be overtaken', AFM 825 (poem). Condit. -tairistea, Laws iii 528.8 . Pret. and perf. tarras, LU 3121 . tarrus (passim). rotharrus, Ériu i 102 § 59 . tarrthus, Aen. 649 . tarrthas, AFM vi 2010 . tairtes, ii 792.1 . pl. co tarrassa , Rawl. B 503, 39a (Plummer MS. notes).

Exx. of simple vb. tarraid (from pret.?). Indic. pres. 1 s. tárruim (sic leg.?), KMMisc. 366.26 . Subj. pres. 1 s. no co tarar-sa , TTebe 2764 . Pret. 1 s. tarrusa, Acall. 5233 . ? 2 s. tarrais, 5533 (doradais, tathradais, v.l.). 3 s. do tharr , Rel. Celt. ii 192.11 . 1 pl. do tharramar , Duan. F. i 90.16 . 2 pl. tarabhair-si, RC xxix 112 § 8 . 3 pl. tárratar, Fianaig. 91.11 . tarradar, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 340.4 . gu tairredar , CCath. 2404 . ní tháirsiot , Hugh Roe 150.23 . conus-táirsetar, AFM ii 1042 . Pass. -ttarustar, AFM i 26.3 .

For vn. see tárrachtain.

I As trans. vb.

(a) overtakes, comes up with, comes upon unawares, catches: araile laech . . . domárraid-si, LU 9361 . do-airthend Cuculaind in Mórrigan, RC x 222 . dolluid Mider . . . rosfarraid dara n-ése, Metr. Dinds. iii 42 . ni tharra-sum Patraic, Lism. L. 193 . dosfairtestar ┐ rongeoguin, Alex. 789 . donarthatar tri druíd oc Raith R., Trip.² 1606 . conus táirsetar Goill oc Fiondabhair, AFM 1133 (ii 1042) . dosn-árthet ocht fichit oss n-allaid and, TBC-I¹ 195(LU) . co tairthed C. inn urchur dolléced asa thailm riasú rísad talmain would catch the missile, 1512 (LU). Often in hostile sense attacks, falls on: domfarraid (leg. don-) iarum A. co fiacail fidbi ina eton, YBL 205b35 . a tri dodnairthet (sic leg.) occo; huaill ┐ dimus ┐ ferc three things assail him in pursuit of it (i.e. truth), ZCP iii 450.26 . ? masa log othrusa theit do doarthenn cach ni dachuaid seacha, O'D. 2309 ( Rawl. B 506, 31a ) = Ériu xii 34.10 . Of events, disasters, etc., comes upon, befalls: cid do-t-árruigh? what has happened to thee?, TE § 9 . dafarraid galar sickness seized him, Trip.² 298 . condastárraid tess, SR 3019 . co mbad i llius libsi danarsitis ec that he should die, Irish Texts i 12 § 37 . a ndo doraid tarraid Coinculainn all the misfortune that had befallen C., IT i 299 . nirsam óg; tarrad mór rí ar gach rótt I have overtaken (i.e. outlived) many kings, Fen. 224 . doneoch tharradais do rígaib of all the kings thou hast come across, LL 303b30 = RC xiii 84 , Lism. L. p. 306 . fri cuimne seanchad indraice do[no] doairrither in ime by the memory of respectable antiquaries by whom the fence is overtaken (= in whose time the fence was erected), Laws iv 140 Comm. (cf. Plummer, Ériu viii 129 ). ma[d] gell bes airde ináit a fe[i]ch ┐ foiche De donairrtet, O'D. 122 ( H 3.17 101 ) = ┐ foichid De dia tharrachtain, O'Curry 2691 ( Eg. 88, 59 (60)a ). tarraid me Eri ar da mag I have seen Ireland with but two plains, Fen. 270 . an ttárthaidh tú no ar cuimhin leat leithéad na maidne anae? did you ever experience . . . the like of yestermorn?, Celt. Rev. x 138 . Note also: conid a mmárb tarraid talmain fell dead to the ground, LU 9093 ( FB § 84 ). rí is ferr tarraid talam, YBL 121a41 . riasiu táirset talmain, BDD 95 .

(b) reaches, comes to: gonach tartha int aitheach int áth ar tús romam, ZCP viii 552 , cf. TBC-LL¹ 1878 . tarthaigh T. tempall Cille C., Imr. Brain i 66 .

(c) catches, seizes, grasps: tarras-[s]a in darna congna de ┐ tarraid D. in congna aile, Acall. 2915 . tarraid C. cruadlann a claidim etarbuas, MR 300 . tairthit a fidbaco ┐ gabait a soighid, Aen. 1127 . tarraidh a láimh leathga robói for alchuing, BS 142 . tarraid a sciath for sdúadhlerg a dhruma girded on, Fianaig. 84 . tarraid gac[h] fer a n-arma ┐ a n-ededh aca, Celt. Rev. iv 10 . Cf. also: ní mó tarrthus cenn furre no for in gaeth it was no more possible to get hold of her than of the wind, Aen. 649 . ní tháirsiot greim forro they did not come up with them, Hugh Roe 150 . Catches, captures: do-m-airthend línaigi Cairill (said by a salmon), Imr. Brain ii 293 . is 'na lín tarras hí (of Lí Ban the mermaid), LU 3121 ( SG 237 ). co tarrus e ittir (sic leg.) na bú ┐ an lorcc, AFM 1094 (ii 946) . cin co tarrustar in cintuch though the delinquent be not apprehended, Laws ii 288 Comm. Cf. PH 8117 : ní tharraid in animm as in curp ann sin (subj. slóg mór na ndemna). Note also: tárraid Fertái bóeghal gona forsin rí[g]fénidh seized an opportunity of wounding, Fianaig. 96 .

(d) finds: ni tharraid in t-ór ar n-impod he did not find the gold on his return (?), Lism. L. 193 . romudaigh . . . i tarraid da bur muintir ann such of your people as he found there, CCath. 5155 . co nā tarras acht a cnáma lomma only their bare bones remained (lit. were found), BDD App. 156 . a n-áes in-ob-tarras the age ye have attained (lit. in which ye have been found), RC x 64 .

(e) gets, attains to, secures (common in case of simple vb. tarraid, etc.): for deich treib tarraid a reir he acquired rule (obedience to his will) over ten tribes, SR 6535 . a cūic fichet dib tarthatar raind, inna cūic fichet aile ni tharthatar raind, Ériu iii 140 . na cūic cétfatha triassa tarrthaitear in fis through which knowledge is obtained, IT iii 198 . araba ina tairtemar dā deigchleamnas what we have gained by his becoming our son-in-law, TBC-I¹ 2482 (YBL) = araba a ttaramoir-ne, ZCP x 282 . dot' tharbha ní thárrasa | cuid ghiolla an eich don gheirrfhiadh I never got as much of your favour as the horseboy gets of the hare, Dánta Gr. 61.15 . tnúth ré dtárrthus do ṡochar jealousy of the rewards I have got, Content. ix 28 .

With follg. vn.: sul tarraid a n-etrāin torchratar ocht cét díb before they could be separated, TBC-LL¹ 4580 . ní tharraid etargaire, co romarbait a ndis intercession was of no avail, LL 30b15 = ní tarrus ædarghaire (a e.?), RC xv 281 ( Dinds. i § 14 ) = ní tharthus a edargaire, BB 350a27 . go nach dtárrthas anacal nā imdeaguil ar na hairdrioghaibh sin no protection was to be had against those kings, MR 86 . Note also: tarraidh secht mbliadna . . . C. reigned seven years, BB 47b10 . tarraigh O. . . . fichit bliadan, Lec. 621a39 . Cf. tarraid F. . . . . re ré coic mbliadan . . . ar mag Ailig, Arch. Hib. ii 49 § 23 .

(f) visits, avenges (an offence) on (with AR, FOR): no co tararsa ar na Tiauandib crechta . . . mo chuirp till I avenge my wounds on the Thebans, TTebe 2764 . mani tharrastá co luath, ní tharrastá co bráth if it were not avenged speedily it would never be avenged, TTr.² 181 . gach olc darónsat tarras orra, Cog. 116.4 . tren tarras air on rioghain stern vengeance overtook him from the queen, Duan. F. i 32 . So also in Laws Comm. : cach ni roghabh . . . is a cin fair, mana tarrustar for a fine unless (the offence) be charged on his `fine', Laws iv 244 . madh codhnach fuachnuighes fris . . . dia tarrustar fair, ní ícand int aite frisin athair if a responsible adult attacks him (the foster-child) . . . if he is punished the foster-father does not pay damages to the father, ii 180 . Note also: tarrus forro siar ┐ soir | in-deochad ubaill Adaim was visited upon, Lec. 84a27 .

(g) With árach lays, imposes a pledge, bond (on): tárratar in dias [s]in arach comraic ┐ comlainn ar a céli pledged themselves to fight each other, Fianaig. 92 . tarrus arach orum-sa uime sin a pledge has been laid on me to that effect, Ériu iii 154 . táirthis [Moling] bæth n-araig fair laid a deluding bond on him (alluding to the promise exacted by M. from Finnachta for the remission of the Borama), RC xiii 106 . See maeth.

II Intrans. comes up, arrives (but perh. originally with infixed pron.): dofárthetar dā mac B. . . . ┐ rodgonat, TBC-LL¹ 2489 = dofáirthetar, TBC-I¹ 1835 LU. dofarraid leo . . . coruc caerig dia cháireib, SR 5715 . contarthatar coin altai co romarbsad an inilt, Toch. Becfola 176 ( Ir. MSS. Ser. i ). co tarraid debaid iter Aedan mac G. ┐ int Aed mac A. a quarrel arose, YBL 126a14 . Usually with prepp. AR, FOR, DO, I comes up with, overtakes, falls upon: tarthetar sluaig in tíre forru, TTr.² 722 . tarthemar-ne air, Acall. 2911 . uair na tarraidh fair since he could not come up with him, Aen. 3146 . . . . do tharaid ar chath curad chanced upon (was involved in) a contest (?), Todd Nenn. lxix . amal tarraigh don ḟidbuith sin when he reached that wood, RC ix 468 (LU). dotharraid teidm duairc dóib, SR 4157 . dos-farraigh ingnad anaithnigh doibh isin forais, Grail 3392 . mór tarraidh don teguscc riogh, | dīden cōra, cosg feilgnīomh much falls (pertains) to a king's training, ZCP ii 350 . uair tarras-[s]a dot muintirus since I have attained to thy fellowship, Acall. 4118 . co tarraidh colgdés in chlaidhimh . . . 'na cloigenn lodged in his skull, MR 298 . See further Celtica iii 267-8 .

See 1 tárr(th)aigid and 2 tárr(th)aigid.

do-formaig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-formaig or dil.ie/17679
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: doformaig, dofórmgat, tórmaig, tórmais, dorórma(i), doforma, thormassíd, tormaisead, duforma, dofoirmsed, dorormacht, dorormachtatar, doformagar, tórmagar, doḟormmagddar, tormastar, dufórmastar, doformastar, durormacht, tórmachte, tórmachtai, tormachtai, tormach, tormaigid

v (* to-for-mag-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 573 ). Indic. pres. 3 s. doformaig, Ml. 55c20 . 3 pl. dofórmgat, Sg. 53a11 . Ipv. 2 s. tórmaig, Ml. 105d4 . Subj. pres. 2 s. mani tórmais , Sg. 208a2 . 3 s. cia dorórma(i) , Críth G. 263 (with -ro-). curab an-othrus doforma , Laws v 150.18 Comm. 2 pl. ni thormassíd , Thes. ii 292 . Subj. impf. 3 s. cia tormaisead , BDD § 2 . Fut. 3 s. duforma, ZCP iii 451.23 . Condit. 3 s. dofoirmsed, Ml. 35a17 . Perf. 3 s. dorormacht, Hib. Min. 337 . 3 pl. dorormachtatar, O'Curry 783 ( H 3.18 366b ). Pass. pres. s. doformagar, Sg. 67a12 . ní tórmagar , 202a2 . pl. doḟormmagddar, 28b18 . Subj. pres. s. dia tormastar , Ml. 20a19 . Fut. s. dufórmastar, 105a8 . doformastar, LU 3345 ( SCC § 13 ). Perf. durormacht, Ml. 90d1 . Part. tórmachte, Sg. 208b13 . pl. tórmachtai, 53a11 . See tormachtae. Vbl. of necess. bed tormachtai gl. amplianda, Ml. 88a14 . Vn. tormach. In later Mid.Ir. as simple vb. tormaigid.

(a) increases, amplifies (trans. and intrans.), somet. with DO of pers. affected: dofórmaich (sic leg., -maith, MS.) fochricc dosom sochude du creittim tria precept, Wb. 1b5 . doformagar pendait do suidib la diri (i.e. ecclesiastics have both penance and `díre'-fine), Laws v 52.24 . Cf. Ériu xii 6 § 4 . doformaig ar less, Arch. Hib. iv 204.20 . doformaig a ánae it increaseth his wealth, Fél. Ep. 195 . prímmartir donformaig `who enlarges us', Fél. Oct. 18 . d.¤ sāiri (.i. tormaigid eneclann du neoch), Laws v 108 (text and Comm.). cid mor in tepersain ┐ in fleochad, ni thormaiget na bainde, PH 6366 (intrans.?). notchrínat, ní thormaiget (= nít-th.) they waste you instead of increasing you, Triads 223 . dia tormastar a mét, Ml. 20a19 . ni rothormacht a llín nāch a n-āiriumh, Ériu ii 128 § 92 . ó doérghedh a ferg . . . nótormaighedh a gnimradha gaile, CCath. 358 . Oppd. to do-gaib (-dígaib): cipé bess hi manistir . . . ná dí[g]bad, ná tormaiged | a riagail nó a recht, LB 234 marg. sup. is sain-recht i ndigabar, | i tormagar cuit there are special conditions for diminishing and increasing rations, ZCP xiii 28 . conā tormaigfed nó nā digebad cid a oen fhocul dia briathraib, Mon. Tall. § 61 (or in meaning (b)?).

Intrans.: dofórmgat isin dírruidiguth which increase in the derivation (of derivatives formed by a suffix), Sg. 53a11 . ce doformaighsaid gradha, ni tormaig sét biata, O'Curry 783 ( H 3.18 366b ). acht cia tormaisead feoil na fortchi foraib unless the flesh . . . should increase on them (?), BDD § 2 . rothormaighetar na toirthe the fruits multiplied, MR 100 . tórmaiget techta o tuscurntib messengers exaggerate through their inventions, Anecd. v 2 = tormaigit techtaire, Alex. 833 . . . . ceilibh tormaigheas do gradaibh flatha `tenants that advance (= enhance?) the grades of chiefs', Laws iv 382.10 Comm. In follg. cases the construction may be impers.: mani torma selbh unless there is an increase of stock, Laws iv 288.y Comm. muna tormaigea bithbinchi, iii 172.16 . mani torma tlacht .i. muna roib étach aige aga thoirithin, O'Dav. 1505 = Laws iv 36.4 .

(b) adds (with FOR of that which is added to, less often FRI): nach ní dorormacht septin . . . dorat Cirine obail fair whatever the Septuagint added, Hib. Min. 337 . genmotha inni rothormachtatar filid except what poets added, Auraic. 21 . doformaig cech peccad for alaile ndo, Ml. 55c20 . durormacht cech n-olc for alaill, 90d1 . dufórmastar cech fechtnaige for araili doib, 105a8 . noco tormaigenn ni ar muic oirc do breith it adds nothing to (the value of) a pig, Laws iii 244.4 . ni tormaig sin fiacha ormsa that lays me under no additional obligation, Ériu viii 56 . tormaig cumaid form, Festschr. Stokes 4 . is dialt duformaidh gach n-ae dib for alaili each adds a monosyllable to the preceding one, Auraic. 776 . im tri cēd cruimther n-ōgh | fors-tormag grādh on whom he confers orders, Mart. Don. Mar. 17 = forsa dtormaigh gráidh, Keat. iii 282 . tormaighter dam traig gach bliadain for and inis, Anecd. i 63 . arna tormastar fort iliuna, Ériu viii 173 . leth dorormacht elada ┐ frichnum uirri, amail tormaiges ar gach n-oigi the half that art and diligence have added to its value as they add to the value of all artistic work, Laws v 82.5 Comm. a-n-as tórmachte ipse fris when `ipse' is added to it, Sg. 208b13 . ní tórmagar frisuidi gl. additur, 202a2 . in dā fidh doformaighet (doformaigitar, v.l.) frisna cūic feda the two vowels which they add to the five (original ones), Auraic. 260 .

imbed, imbad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. imbed, imbad or dil.ie/27298

 

Forms: imadh, iomadh, imad, iomad, iomad, n-imbed, t-imut

n o, n. later m. imadh (iomadh) ┐ imad (iomad) (ó énchéill), IGT Decl. § 11 , § 104 . iomad prevails in Mod. Ir. perhaps on anology with inad q.v. n s. a n-imbed , Ml. 62b20 . in t-imut , Lism. L. xxiii 11.

(a) a large quantity, a large number, abundance, excess: a nimbed gl. affluentiam, Ml. 56a12 . a nímbed gl. multitudinem, 64c1 . profussionem .i. a n-imbed son, 71c3 . a n-imbed són ind sloig, 62b20 . for imbed inna precepte asbir-siu, Wb. 12d17 . rommúnus imbed dom, 24b18 . duratais do pecthachaib imbed inna n-anae , Ml. 56b24 . ind imbith gl. redundentiae, 129d11 . ond imbud gl. affluentia, 45c1 . huand imbiud inna námat, 72d16 . inna imbed gl. copias, 93b8 . huanaib cainimbedaib ilaigthib gl. multiplicatis benedictionibus, 105a7 . co n-immad ech ┐ bóthánte, LU 3910 ( SCC § 42 ). re immad a námat, TBC-LL¹ 2439. bec narom nítsat ind fir | ar imad comlaind oenfir, LU 6229 (TBC). mag meld co n-immut scoth, Imr. Brain § 34. co ṅ-imbud galair, Fél. Sept. 11. ro-immad fola `excess of blood,' Mon. Tall. 149.7 . nis fil crich...for immud a ecna, IT i 169.8 . immud anbthine na peni suthaine, IT i 170.27 . iumad bud lia do aisnes `to count a greater number,' PH 6212. la himbed na hindille `with the increase of the cattle,' Laws iv 104.1 Comm. mad airm i mbi immed mbech, 192.8 . imad dermair na ngenti, Lat. Lives 98.10 . Raghnall ... co n-imadh cét do marbadh `R. with many hundreds,' RC xviii 168.19 . asein dacūaidh isan Rōim | Grigair go n-imat a slōigh, ZCP viii 114 § 16. nír an uathadh ná imad a n-áeninad rena aigid, Comp. CC 109.15 . ni hingar le fear na faire | imadh fleadh a mbaile Hí Bhríain, IGT Decl. ex. 1287. d'iomad rogha ag Día dá dhiomda | fola cía dá ttiobhra ar tós, ex. 109 . fear an fhiabhrusa ag iarraidh iomaid dighe, TSh. 8253. tar éis iomad laitheadh, 4464 . do mheall an fhortúin ... an iomad `multos,' 7087 ; suil chuiread `h' a n-iomad áirmhe íad before `h' increases their number, IGT Introd. 1.15 . creidim thú, a Sbiorad naomh neartmhar | do shaor iomad m'fholadh, DDána 14 § 5. ná han go bhfionn[ar] bhar bhfriochnamh | tar iomadh ar n-ainchean, Dán Dé xii § 27 . ? Governing a prec. gen.: ro marbhadh daoine iomet ┐ ro herghabhadh sochaidhe mór, AFM ii 580.9 .

(b) Used especially of an abundance of wealth, riches, food: ops .i. imbed, Sg. 125a3 . ind imbid son gl. prosperorum, Ml. 68c2 . cosind aeilscud ... imna imbeda techtae sidi, 56b26 . ind ingoir isnaib imbedaib ┐ isnaib soinmechaib `the impious in abundance and prosperity,' 56b9 . nícon fil locht and isind ḟir sin ... iter áni ┐ imud ┐ ordan, BDD² 1077. do-róscaigi do laechradaib domain uile ... ar ordan ┐ ar imbad, TTr.² 1212. boí mór d'ordan ┐ d'aerechas ┐ d' immud isind rígthig, LU 10118. trí fáilti coirmthige : immed ┐ dúthracht ┐ elathó `plenty and kindliness and art,' Triads § 225. nech lasmí mór imbeith nó indelb (leg. indeib), Ériu vii 154 § 5. ferr sobarthon inā imad prosperity is better than superfluity,' ZCP vi 260.20 .

(c) `In the Laws used in the dual like lín, which it glosses, of the two parties to a suit, contract, etc.' (Plummer MS notes) : cipe da llina .i. cibe don da imad sin, Laws iv 170.7 Comm. cechtar do lina .i. cechtar de in da imat sin, ii 374.13 Comm. nechtar da lina ... .i. ... nechtar de in dá imat sin, O'Dav. No. 1373.

(d) Meaning simply amount, number: a tri himett in chaca (sic leg.) ar son aithgina ocus a mét d'im `three times the size of the ordure,' Laws iv 122.18 . meisemnaigter maine in feraind fo imat na fíne `according to the number of the tribe,' Laws iv 40.23 Comm. gach aen do cluinfe in t-imut-sa `all this,' Lism. L. xxiii 11. imat na haithesca ro chan Cellach the sum of the replies, SG 53.19 .

Compd. ¤línmairecht numerousness: ar aidbliu a innmais ┐ ar imat-linmuirecht a hsocraiti ┐ a tinoil, CCath. 4742.

1 indé

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 indé or dil.ie/28350

 

adv. of uncertain origin, see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. § 422. yesterday: cid ind hé gl. heri saltim, Sg. 148a13 (the h is due to false analysis). con eperar do, na-bi go(i)rta(i) inni[u] olbui ane `er sei heute nicht `schärfer' als gestern,' ZCP xiv 356.5 = Laws ii 254.7 . pit beg romroimlius inde, v 22.19 Comm. séig indiu glasreng i.¤ , LU 1327. is foicsiu lind don ág in t-imrubad indiu anda dond imdiburgun inné, TBC-LL¹ 3608. i.¤ ba metithir sliab | indiu ní ḟuil de acht a scath, 4190 . dorala di toighecht indne forsin cairricc, D IV 2, 74ra31 . caidi an slúagh ané anoisi where now is the multitude of yesterday ?, IGT Decl. ex. 226. leithead na maidne anaé , Celt. Rev. x 140.26 .

ó índé since yesterday , frequently contracted to ó[']né : ba ferr dún comad erlum óné, MacCongl. 59.11 . sia an seal ó 'né gus a-niugh, DDána 106 § 24. ag fuagradh oruinn o ne go niodh from yesterday to today (i.e. continually), Luc. Fid. 274.12 . ag an bfer ó andé `a fellow of but yesterday', O'Gr. Cat. 614.13.

lethaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lethaid or dil.ie/30044

 

Forms: lethad

v (cf. leth, lethan)

I Intrans.

(a) spreads out, extends : l.¤ folt fota fraīch, Four Songs 8 § 3 . is de lethas mullach in maic forsin cloich (of an unborn child), ZCP viii 309.17 (Laud Gen.). ar no lethad a n-anae tar na tīrib, Corm. Y 1018 (p. 87.13) . dulend dergóir fora bruinnib ro leth dar cechtar a dá gúaland, LU 9267 . ticfa nel . . . teinntide / . . . / lethfaid dar talmain, SR 8028 . ro leith fid ┐ mothar dar crich nGuaire, Dinds. 84 . loch geinfes uaidi ar gurt glass / ┐ frit linnd-siu lethfas, LL 197a13 ( Metr. Dinds. iii 180.176 ). fuil na lámh do leath `the blood of His outstretched hands', PBocht 5.10 . Of sound: delm roleth, Ériu iv 136.3 . doreir Dé . . . / ro lethsat darsin domun (of the children of Israel), SR 5244 . bá fairsing foirlethan ro lethsat na laochbhuidhne ó raile, AFM vi 1962.9 . Of an epidemic, pain: ar dáig na ro letha in teidm tria ballaib in chuirp, PH 4223 . treaghait ┐ cnuicc hi Laighnibh ┐ ro leth cidh fo Eirinn, AFM ii 884.12 . Fig. of fame, influence, etc.: in gein irrdairc ro leth a clú ┐ a cumachtu dar in domun .i. Isu Crist, RC vi 175.z . ro leth tra clu ┐ erdarcus Hectoir sechnón na huile Assia, TTr.² 1067 . sgéal do leath `a far known tale', Content. xviii 45. Of grief: . . . is (leg. in?) luga ro leth cumha dar Saidb, . . . / lā iar tuitim Eogain uill, ZCP vi 269 § 5 . ro leathsat . . . a ó-doirrsi eistechta re gabad na gealtachta opened wide, MR 232.8 .

(b) Orig. is halved; hence is diminished, deteriorates, falls away: do leath gach nī bhudh ní damh `everything I valued has melted away (lit. spread)', O'R. Poems 3860 . do-chluinim d'éis a éga / gur leath lucht a choimēda, 3843 . neart do lámh ar aird ní fhuil / do leath a lúth fad chosaibh, DDána 56.5 . nír leth a n-áiremh dá nesbadaib ó sin amach the number of their losses did not diminish(?), Caithr. Thoirdh. 42.20 . Similarly, l.¤ ar: leathaidh ar phobal Phuirt Rois, DDána 96.8 .

II Trans.

(a) spreads out, extends : lethech . . . ainm . . . do losait, arindí lethaidir bargin fuirri, Bodl. Corm. 12.7 . (lethaitir, lethaigther, v.ll., Corm. Y 825 ). rí roleth brat nimi náir / im thoebu talman, SR 6161 . tri .l. c. lendbratt Liffi / lígda lettáis dara lár, LL 296a23 . ticdis . . . eoin . . . co leathdiss a n-eiteada . . . tairis, Ériu v 20.16 . gorro lethad an detach for talmain, Grail 3108 . ro lethsett a ngraifne . . . go Mullach Taiten, AFM ii 1168.18 . do leath é féin aran dtalmhain i bhfioghair chroise, TSh. 9147. Fig. an drong leathas iad féin ar shaidhbhreasaibh, 6982 .

(b) halves, cuts in half : claideb . . . co llethad finna fri barr ḟoth ra gére, LL 189b11 (cf. con tescfad finna i n-agid srotha, TBC-LL¹ 2577 ). ? a chalggoin as léir do leath, L. Cl. A. B. 275.95 .

Vn. lethad.

See also lethaigid.

? scle

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? scle or dil.ie/36530

 

Forms: scle

adj ainnscle .i. gleo is innsa nó as annsa. Nó scle ae ┐ annscle anae , `scle " sad " ', O'Dav. 171 (cf. scleo).

2 sommae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 sommae or dil.ie/38446

 

adj (cf. soim) io, iā rich, wealthy : in fer s.¤ , Ml. 36a32 . ni conrogab terochraic ho fiur sommu ar forbrissiud fir truaig, ib. amal as s.¤ .i. as toirthech, 84a4 . buith i nneuch di thechdaisib sainemlaib ┐ sommaib inna mbabelondae, 105b7 . imdu .i. sommu gl. opulento, 84b3 . s.¤ gl. dis, Sg. 124a2 . gl. dives, 119a1 . bai aitheach soma do Ultaib, YBL 211a41 . Superl. donaib sommaimem gl. cum ditissimís, Ml. 68d6 .

As subst. a rich person : nant ní les in s.¤ pecthach `that he deems as naught the sinful rich man', Ml. 36a14 . huant sommu ar dimicim . . . in boicht, 36a34 . dliged buithe in boicht fo mam int sommai, 27d7 . dorigensat int sommai frisna bochtu, 28d7 . intan conairleci inna bochtu fo chumachtu inna s.¤ when he permits the poor (to be) under the power of the rich, 27d10 . condid etrummu . . . in bochtae bís tri airchellad donaib sommaib a n-anae airnaib bochtaib `so that the poverty which is through the rich taking their riches from the poor is lighter', 90a11 . s.¤ gl. praes, Sg. 70a10 .