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at-bail(l)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. at-bail(l) or dil.ie/4577
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: at-bail, atabail, adbaill, asindbail, -epil, conidapail, atballat, -abbalar, -apallar, eiplet, aipleat, atbailedh, atbaildis, asindbelsa, atbela, asinbela, -eple, -eplet, atroible, -érbala, -érbalam, -ærbalam, -herbalat, atbelainse, asindbelainse, asindbelad, -aipled, -epled, atbelmaisni, at-beltais, -epéltais, -epíltis, conid-erbalad, adbēlsa, atbelai, atbéla, ad-béla, -epéla, -ebbēla, at-belam, -hepelam, atbelaidsi, atbélat, atbelat, -epelat, atbela[d], atbélmis, ó 'tbaltsa, atrubaltsa, átrubalt, adrubalt, -erbalt, attrubaltar, -erbaltatár, epeltu, adbalair, atbailet, ad-bala, -abla, -aplait, -érbalur, aiplium, atbalad, -ablad, -epletis, -aipiltis, -eipeltaisi, -ebelaind, -eibelad, -hapladh, -ebailt, -eipilt, -erbailt, -eplemar, -epletar, abladur, -erbailtar, -erbalus, -erbaltais, -abuil, -eibil, inidabbaill, apail, -atrubull, -erbail, -eurbhail, aplastar, atbailset, hitbath, rotbath, ad- bath, atbath, atbath, ardatmba, arbath, apad, abbad, -abad, apu, -apaidh, asindbathatar, atbathadar, adbathadar, adbatar, adbáithit, apthatar, -apatar, atbatha, aptha, n-aptha, atbathsat, atbathsatt, apthu, eplaid, ablaid, aplaid, eples, eplit, ablur, aplad, aiplemait, aplis, d'éibil

v (*ess-ball-, normally with inf. neut. pron., Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 459 ; GOI 267 ). Dies .

Early forms. Indic. pres. 3 s. at-bail, Wb. 4d15 ; Sg. 4b6 . atabail, O'Curry 834 (H 3.18, 381b). rel. adbaill, Wb. 16b11 , Ml. 108a3 . amal . . . asindbail , Ml. 57a10 . -epil, Wb. 30d14 , Sg. 28b20 , 30a3 . Ml. 73d7 . conidapail, Ml. 91d2 . 3 pl. atballat, Wb. 9d5 . Pass. sg. -abbalar, Cáin Ad. 45 . -apallar, 46 . Ipv. 3 pl. eiplet, Ml. 73d7 . aipleat, Ml. 104b2 . Indic. impf. 3 s. atbailedh, Cóir Anm. 72 . 3 pl. atbaildis, BDD² 126 .

Subj. pres. 1 s. asindbelsa, Ml. 48a14 . 3 s. atbela, Sg. 30a3 . Thes. ii 7.29 . asinbela, Ml. 38b6 . -eple, Sg. 181a5 . 3 pl. -eplet, Ml. 77a13 . With ro: 3 s. atroible, Cáin Ad. 41 . -érbala, Thes. ii 7.30 . 1 pl. -érbalam, Wb. 4d19 . -ærbalam, Ml. 107d4 . 3 pl. -herbalat, Ériu vii 140.23 . Subj. impf. 1 s. atbelainse, Ml. 54c33 . asindbelainse, 131b13 . 3 s. asindbelad, 110b9 . -aipled, Ml. 85d8 . -epled, Sc.M² 3 . 1 pl. atbelmaisni, Ml. 96a10 . 3 pl. at-beltais, Ml. 36d16 . -epéltais, 99b2 . -epíltis, 121d16 . With ro: 3 s. conid-erbalad, Fianaig. 36.11 .

Fut. 1 s. atbél, Wb. 10d24 . adbēlsa, TBC-I¹ 1300 . 2 s. atbelai, Irish Texts i 35.23 . atbéla, Trip.² 617 . 3 s. ad-béla, BDD² 1380 . -epéla, Comp. CC 7.23 . -ebbēla, ZCP xii 232 § 43 . 1 pl. at-belam, SR 1556 . -hepelam, 2748 . 2 pl. atbelaidsi, Ml. 29c4 . 3 pl. atbélat, Wb. 1d4 . atbelat, Ml. 57a3 , 102b10 . -epelat, SR 4168 . Condit. 3 s. atbela[d], Ml. 16c10 . 1 pl. atbélmis, Wb. 4d9 .

Pret. 1 s. ó 'tbaltsa, LU 9496 . Perf. 1 s. atrubaltsa, LU 9514 . 3 s. átrubalt, Ml. 144d3 . adrubalt, Vita Br. 31 . -erbalt, SR 5417 . 3 pl. attrubaltar, Ml. 100a1 . -erbaltatár, LU 6288 .

Vn. epeltu.

Later forms. Indic. pres. pass. sg. (or 3 s. depon. act. ?) adbalair, O'D. 1217 (H 2.15, 85). 3 pl. atbailet, RC xiii 452.10 . Subj. pres. 2 s. ad-bala, Anecd. i 7.9 ( SCano 205 ). 3 s. -abla, Ériu iv 64 § 62 . 3 pl. -aplait, O'D. 1691 ( H 5.15, 31a ). With ro: 1 s. -érbalur, SR 1260 . 1 pl. na ro aiplium , BB 16b51 . Subj. impf. 3 s. atbalad, -ablad, LL 14045 . -epletis, LB 156a62 . -aipiltis, CCath. 3480 . Fut. 2 pl. -eipeltaisi, BB 16b52 . Condit. 1 s. -ebelaind, RC xxiv 198.6 . 3 s. -eibelad, MR 74.2 . -hapladh, Lism. L. 921 . Pret. and perf. 3 s. -ebailt, RC xvi 416.20 (Tig.). -ebelt, ZCP viii 307.2 . -eipilt, Lism. L. 2327 . -erbailt, SR 5344 . 1 pl. -eplemar, PH 7949 . 3 pl. -epletar, LB 118a45 . gur abladur , RC xii 342 § 36 . -erbailtar (-erboiltídar v.l.) Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 23.26 . With endings of s-pret. 1 s. -erbalus, Todd Nenn. 210.4 . 2 s. -erbaltais, Trip. 458.23 . 3 s. -abuil, Laws i 186.7 . -eibil, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 43.14 . inidabbaill, ZCP xii 233 § 46 = init apail , AFM i 378.5 . -atrubull, O'D. 1637 (H 5.15, 18a). -erbail, LB 127a44 . -eurbhail, Hy Fiach. 310.5 . as-eubhuil, Celtica iv 148 § 152 . ro aplastar , O'Curry 395 (H 3.18, 220b). 3 pl. atbailset, AFM i 276.7 .

Narrative tense supplied by suppletive verb ad-bath (see GOI 437 , 468 , Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 460 ). 2 s. (as quasi-fut.) hitbath, Stair Erc. 1308 . rotbath, ZCP xiii 216.10 . 3 s. ad- bath, Laws i 250.27 . atbath, LU 9805 . ar don bath .i. atbath airund, LU 592 ( RC xx 162 , ACC). ? ardatmba (ardatbath v.l.), Corm. Y 323 . arbath, LL 6698 ( RC xxix 211 § 1 ). conid apad , LU 4916 (TBC). -appad, 5356 (ib.). conid abbad , LL 250b25 . -abad, LL 15936 . conid apu , RC xii 68 § 34 . -apaidh, Leb. Gab.(i) 14.8 . Cf. rotbath, Ériu iv 64 § 63 . 3 pl. asindbathatar, Ml. 36d10 . atbathadar, RC x 72.9 . adbathadar, Laws iv 266.13 . adbatar, Aen. 1368 . ? adbáithit, AFM i 500.22 . conid apthatar , LU 6665 (TBC). -apdatar, LL 238 . -apatar, RC xiv 243.37 . With forms of pret. pl. pass. atbatha, Ml. 98b8 (but see note). condid aptha , AU i 328.9 ; RC xi 450.119 . co n-aptha , YBL 58b4 . With ending of s-pret.: atbathsat, LU 3568 ( SCC 29 ). atbathsatt, Hugh Roe 318.17 .

Vn. apthu.

As simple vb. eplaid, ablaid. Indic. pres. 3 s. aplaid, IT iii 322.19 . rel. eples, LB 150a53 . 3 pl. eplit, LB 159a26 . Subj. pres. 1 s. ablur, Aen. 856 . Subj. impf. 3 s. no aplad , LL 22296 . 2 pl. na ro eiblead sib, YBL 144b37 . Fut. 1 pl. aiplemait, RC xxiv 249.20 . Pret. 3 s. aplis, LU 7923 . d'éibil, Ó Bruad. ii 184 xxiv .

Special uses. Of things: vanishes, perishes, disappears: amal arindchrin dǽ ┐ asindbail gl. omnis eorum elatio . . . deperit, Ml. 57a10 . esba .i. es a báa .i. roheplad a maith, Corm. Y 517 . manid epled ní airi though nothing of it should perish(?), Sc.M² 3 . adbath fir Feiniu, Laws i 250.27 . atbath borg tromm Temra / la tairthim a flathe `T . . . . has perished', Fél. Prol. 166 . atbail dliged a creidme, Ériu i 218 § 2 . inid apad Oreb de, SR 5307 . co n-erbalat . . . a haccobrai, PH 7111 .

In legal sense lapses, is forfeit: intī troisces tar taircsin reir[e] do, at-baill a dligid a fuighiull Fene i.e. his suit is no longer actionable, is ipso facto quashed, ZCP xv 261 § 5 . rucus aithni cen taisec . . . ba deithbir ar ba la indile cāich las-mbōe ind aithne atrubalt `ist . . . untergegangen', 352 § 41 . atbaill leth ó ḟaill (n)éc(s)macht (of a payment), Críth G. 275 . tri ái nad eplet faill which do not lapse from neglect(?), Triads 153 . trí féich nad eple faill, 256 . atbath in bith uile ar aen uball, Laws i 52.4 ( ZCP xvi 177 ). cisne tri haimsera i n-adapail (inád a.¤ ?) a torad ar cach flaith ? v 450.12 . adbaill a dire ma forfollangtar a gresa, O'Curry 2313 ( Eg. 88, 24 (25)a ). for secht nanala epeltur ae eculsa, 2205 ( Eg. 88, 8(9)d ). dia nurthuaisi [in ben] co fa tri atbaill fiach a sleithi, 618 (H 3. 18, 299). ni apuil nech ní ar nos .i. nochon eiplenn ni o neoch ara nos nindligthech, O'D. 576 (H 3.17, 443). adbathadar ar Aengus a thire, O'Curry 2300 ( Eg. 88, 22 (23)c ).

In pl. with beóil in sense dies: at-baildis a beóil in tan ad-beiread gaí, BDD² 126 . atbélat do béoil meni aisce úait, TBFr. 304 . nach fer díb do-n-écucus-sa at-bélat a béoil, MU² 976 .

With accompanying acc. or dat. of cause of death: atbelam gorte we shall die of hunger, SR 1556 . ni epéla faill ná ésliss he will not die from neglect or contempt, Comp. CC 7.23 . ad-baill fingail móir . . . for Dollud, ZCP xx 227 § 36 . Also with prep. DI: atbelsa gortai . . . ni erbailt céle Dé riam de gortai ná huacht, Irish Texts i 35.10 ( atbelai gortaide, 23 ). mani eple de, Sg. 181a5 . atbathatar dend aine sin sruithi `old men died of that fast', Mon. Tall. 156.5 . go n-ablator cach do luathcchair so that everyone died from joy, Ériu iv 54 § 24 . atbail ar feile indsein she died from shame, TBC(C) 2497 . With éc: conappad éc n-úalle fort `died in thee a death of pride', Metr. Dinds. ii 12.40 . éc atbath, LL 3060 . éc atbathatar don Budi Connaill, 3068 . is éc at bath rí in Broga `a natural death died the King of the B.', Arch. Hib. ii 84 § 28 . Note also: immusapt[h]atar . . . / re cách ar ndā deogbaire `perished by each other's hand', Fianaig. 12.16 . imapt[h]a dūn `we perished mutually', 12.23 .

bélat

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bélat or dil.ie/5615

 

Forms: -e-

n [u, m.] later also -e- ? (cf. bel, bél, belach) place where several roads meet, crossway ; pass, frontier : b.¤ gl. competum, Sg. 24a6 . bélot loṅg `a pass for ships' (Notes), BDD² 304. fersat cath cach belato, ZCP x 43.5 . i mbelataib imcumcaib in glenna, CCath. 4843. belota .i. na bela uatha, Laws i 160.5 Comm. fri raind ┐ belada ┐ cricha, iii 22.18 Comm. síl goirt focertar forcertar (sic) fri belatu criche, O'Dav. 1046. Fig. way : gaibet[h] inn belat (beleot, v.l.) forsa tīagat huili .i. gaibet[h] dē[i]rc ┐ vmallōiti, ZCP iii 454.14 ( Celtica viii 76 § 35 ). In nn. loc.: erexit sé per Belut Gabrain, Thes. ii 269.33 (Ardm.). Cf. luid . . . for Belach Gabran, Trip. 194.8 . do Belut Alióin, LU 5383 (= TBC-I¹ 907 ). gur redigse[d] an Ruadhbheitigh ┐ na Belata, CS 332.22 . See Hog. Onom. s. bélat , belat , and cell bélait.

Compd. brisit dar beladcairdibh, IT iii 91 § 131.

do-éccai

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-éccai or dil.ie/17520

 

Forms: domfecisi, décce, déiccesiu, deicci, déca, décca, décad, decad, décith, décaid, décidsi, déccid, déccu, doréccu, decim, déice, donn-éicci, doécai, da-n-écai, doséccai, da-n-eici, dosnécce, doḟécai, doféccai, doféce, ní déci, non-déca, décaid, doecet, defécet, ndonécad, du-sn-éced, doécitis, ndoecius, ndercar, ndadercaither-su, denecaither-su, do-n-échnagtar, donḟechutar, dercither, nomdercædar, decamar, nodécced, do-n-écucus-sa, duéci(gi)gi, ndercachad, doreccacha, do-recacha, derecacha, doreccacha, dosnécacha, danecachae, forrécacha, -derecaigi, condadercacha, condercachai, condercachae, rodéc, rodéccai, doréice, condofecca, deiccis, dorecachtar, dorecatar, do-sn-éctar, doécastar, duécastar, deccastar, dechastair, tecasta, déicsiu

v (* dí-in-ci-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 489 ) Ipv. 2 s. domfecisi, LU 1503 . décce, Wb. 10c20 . déiccesiu, 31b19 . deicci, Corm. Y 512 ; LL 286a33 . déca, TBC-I¹ 55 . décca, 3101 . 3 s. décad, Wb. 18b6 . na decad , 23c16 . 2 pl. décith, Wb. 20c18 . décaid, Ml. 55c1 ; TBC-I¹ 1463 . décidsi, LU 1470 . déccid, Metr. Dinds. ii 36 . Indic. pres. 1 s. ni déccu , Wb. 24a13 . doréccu (perfective), LL 49b15 . decim, LL 186b7 ( RC xxvi 14 § 3 ) (?). 2 s. nach déice , ZCP viii 218 . 3 s. donn-éicci, Wb. 9a4 . doécai, Ml. 61a8 . da-n-écai, TBC-I¹ 1511 . doséccai, 1586 . da-n-eici, 2770 . dosnécce, 41 ; Corm. Y 149 . doḟécai, LU 1706 . doféccai, LL 122b10 . doféce, ZCP xi 93 § 22 . ní déci, Ml. 69a16 . non-déca, Anecd. ii 12 . 2 pl. cid na décaid , Fél. Prol. 201 . 3 pl. doecet, Corm. Y 1059 ( Anecd. iv 91 ) = defécet, Ha. 5280 (p. ix) . Impf. 3 s. a ndonécad , Imr. Brain 2 . du-sn-éced, 61 . 3 pl. doécitis, ib.

Subj. pres. (some of the perfective forms may belong to 1 dercaid, q.v.) 1 s.? co ndoecius , RC xii 100 . co ndercar , TBFr. 321 . 2 s. (dep.) dia ndadercaither-su , Ml. 102b10 . denecaither-su (= donec.), 73c11 . cia do-n-échnagtar , SG 78.10 Eg. = donḟechutar, LB 260b30 . ni dercither , Ériu i 200 . 3 s. nomdercædar, Hy. vii 66 (rodomdecadar, v.l.). 1 pl. mani decamar , Sg. 26b9 . Impf. 3 s. nodécced, Metr. Dinds. iii 28 . Fut. 1 s. do-n-écucus-sa, LU 1490 (= donecuchus-sa, 1431 ). 3 s. duéci(gi)gi, Ml. 111c31 . Condit. 3 s. nácha ndercachad , LU 1537 . Pret. and perf. 1 s. doreccacha, TBC-I¹ 3109 . 3 s. do-recacha, LU 9758 . BDD 109 . derecacha, RC xii 100 . doreccacha, TBC-I¹ 3107 . dosnécacha, LU 1715 . danecachae, RC xi 446 ( LL 117a ). forrécacha, TBC-LL¹ 215 ( forréccaig, 5041 ). -derecaigi, Irish Texts i 13 § 40 (sic MS., see Ir. Hist. Stud. i 352 ). condadercacha, BDD 71 . condercachai, 6 . condercachae, IT ii 181.11 . rodéc, SR 6685 . rodéccai (perfective pres.?), 1069 . doréice, LL 231b1 . condofecca, BB 398a1 . deiccis, LL 34a41 . 3 pl. dorecachtar, Ml. 53b11 . dorecatar, 53d17 .

Pass pres. pl. do-sn-éctar, ACL iii 298 . Subj. pres. s. doécastar, Sg. 188a6 . duécastar, Ardm. 17a2 ( Thes. ii 239 ). deccastar, Trip.² 2537 . dechastair, Cog. 154.21 .

? Vbl. of necess. ar dered lai is tecasta `will be seen', Cog. 190.15 .

Vn. déicsiu.

Looks at, beholds, sees: gl. vidēre, Wb. 20c18 , aspicere, Ml. 102b10 . respicere, 73c11 .

(a) Trans. with accus.: Crist hi cech rusc nomdercædar, Hy. vii 66 ( Thes. ii 358 ). do-nn-éicci súil sochude beholds us, Wb. 9a4 . domrecacha súil féig, BDD 109 . dos-eccai Medb a ndis gazes at the pair of them, TBC-I¹ 1586 . doḟécai B. na firu, RC ix 476 ( LU 1706 ). tocaib mo malaig . . . co ndoecius an fer, RC xii 100 . nach fer díb do-n-écucus-sa, at-bélat a béoil, MU² 976 . dia nda-dercaithersu, atbēlat som gl. si eos aspicias, Ml. 102b10 . meilid [in file] smit ind aue . . . ┐ doecce (doécci, LB) in duine, Corm. Y 149 (`dies', Corm. Tr. s.v. bri ). nís-n-aiccilled . . . acht dusn-éced nammá, Imr. Brain § 61 . da-n-éci co anmín looks at him, LL 117b27 . do-sn-écacha talmaidiu, RC ix 478 . arnácha ndercachad a hernochta, MU² 1042 . ō do-sn-éc(h)tar ina ndālaib when they are seen in their assemblies, ACL iii 298 . doreccacha uaim in mag, TBC-I¹ 3109 , cf. 3107 . condercachæ huath in n-inis, IT ii1 181 . doféccai secha a gabair, LL 112b10 ( RC iii 184 ). no-s-déccai in rí sechae, 282b21 ( GJ iv 216 ). Transf. of mental action: décith anroscribius dúib, Wb. 20c18 . mani decamar sain-folad cacha rainne gl. nisi . . . attendamus, Sg. 26b9 . With subord. clause as obj.: ní déci as nDia . . ., Ml. 69a16 . intí duécigi is ar trocairi . . ., 111c13 . doécastar imbí hinun . . . it shall be seen whether, Sg. 188a6 . duécastar dús in étar . . ., Ardm. 17a2 ( Thes. ii 239 ). ? deccastar nach ordnidi | dia chined, Trip.² 2537 . In ipv. somet. with LA + refl. pron. (cf. similar use with déchaid, fégaid): décce lat Corintiu et genti, Wb. 10c20 . dúnta for nduan décid lib consider the closing of your poems, Auraic. 2183 . With DO + pron. expressing dat. ethicus: décaid dún a m-maig survey the plain for us, TBC-I¹ 1463 . décai damsa cobbia mo ḟechtus see how my hosting will turn out, 41 . déca dúnd indat . . ., 3101 .

(b) Intrans. looks, gazes: ní déccu darmm' ési I look not behind me, Wb. 24a13 . a ndonécad tar a éissi, Imr. Brain § 2 . doécai ind inmedónach gl. introspicit, Ml. 61a8 . dorecacha Patraic dochum nimi, RC vi 164 . rodéc suas sech in mbrat, Ériu iv 104 . ni ḟail nodécced dia lár there is none who could look to its bottom, Metr. Dinds. iii 28 . Folld. by FOR: co ndercachai forsin forless, BDD 6 . forrécacha Medb furri, TBC-LL¹ 215 . ba degrach rodéc immach . . . forsin ríg, SR 6685 . matan cetshamain i Maenmaig acht na radeicci for Darmag `but so that he goes not over' (lit. provided he does not look at? Prerogative of k. of Connacht), Leb. Cert. 4 ( Lec. 371a43 ). Folld. by I N- in sense of fris-acci hopes in: is in Dia dorecatar, ní intiu fesin, Ml. 53d17 ; 53b11 .

íadad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. íadad or dil.ie/26915

 

Forms: -iata, iadhaidh

n u, m. later o, m. vn. of íadaid. g s. -iata, Ml. 46a8 . iadhaidh, DDána 32 § 12.

(a) act of closing, enclosing; a closure, an encompassing: in bith-iata hi robaid riam `of the perpetual closure in which ye were before', Ml. 46a8 . gid fó thalmain beit no i tig fo í.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 4270. a mbeit[h] i mbuaile fo iadhu an oidhche (of cattle), Laws iv 96.24 = fo i.¤ a naidce, O'D. 1226 (< E 3.5, 1a ). o turgabail greine co tráth iata tighe, O'Curry 2007 (< H 4.22, p. 32 ). dorus ... ocus comla íata fris, Mer. Uil. 225. gan iadhad n-imagallmha impe do dhénamh dóibh without the meeting of a conference, MR 314.16 . do furáil an sabhdán íadhadh ana timchill `ordered it to be enclosed all round,' ZCP ii 42 § 70. iar n-i.¤ do cach leith umpu `every side being closed against them,' RC xxiv 196.7 . do bhac mo ghníomh é d'iadhadh my deed hindered it from closing (of a wound), PBocht 21 § 6. ní théid ar feadh iadhaidh m'fhabhra | fear fiadhaigh an anma uaim, DDána 32 § 12.

íadad for act of closing upon, seizing: aithgabail bech, iadath foraib `to close upon them,' Laws ii 120.20 Comm. iada(i)d for laoga his calves are to be seized, 12 Comm. iadhadh orro da cur a n-ilpianaib ... ithfrinn, RC xxviii 318 § 34. a foil do i.¤ for mucaib, Laws ii 118.8 Comm. act of closing against: guais liom ... do theach d'iadhadh oram, Dán Dé viii 9.

íadad fri (later la) act of closing against: slige nimhe ... d'iadhadh fri Fursa, RC xxv 390 § 5. bélat ocus cricha do i.¤ friu, Laws i 160.6 Comm. act of joining with, drawing near to, catching up with: nar chóir dhúinn ... íadhadh a ccleamhnus ré lucht na gráineamhlachta `join in affinity with,' Ezra ix 14 . a ríaghal ó dho bhris ben | ní híadhadh ris do-rinneadh, IGT Decl. ex. 962. ní budh fholáir d'íoc mo pheacadh | Peadar asbal d'iadhadh linn, PBocht 26 § 27. a móid nar fhéad d'iadhadh lé `her vow could get no hold on her', 11a § 22 . iadad imm act of seizing upon?: buide lem t'iadhad 'mun ḟonn, Lism. L. 3812.

(b) act of binding, clasping: mong buide fair ... | ubull oir ocá í.¤ , LU 3673. a clasp: cor gerrastair na cnaip ocus cengal ocus iata ... batar ic congbail in cathbairr, Cog. 194.12 . ar do chris na ... ar iadha do mhuinchilli, ITS xxix 139.22 .

1 rind

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 rind or dil.ie/35318
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: rinnd, rind, rind, renda, renna, renna, rindi, rinni, rinna, rínd, rend, rinnib, rennaib, rind, -a, rind, rind, rinn, rinn, gabalrínd

n i, m. n s. in rinnd , Wb. 13d25 (but: rind n-āga, TBC-I¹ 3269 = r.¤ āig, TBC-LL¹ 5330 ; rind n-imgona, TTr.² 828 ). g s. renda, Ériu xiii 74 § 175 . renna, Ériu v 72.23 . n p. renna, TBC-LL¹ 1263 . a p. rindi, Thes. ii 294.15 ( SP iii ). rinni, LU 3363 ( SCC 15 ). ? rinna, LL 328b53 . g p. rínd, BCr. 18d3 . rend, LU 1271 , 6418 ( TBC-I¹ 1903 ), TBC-LL¹ 2562 . rinde, Blathm. 11 . d p. rinnib, LU 10365 . rennaib, 1255 . TBC-LL¹, 1284 . rind m. (g s. n p. -a), IGT Dec. § 41.3 . rind f., § 149.11 .

(a) in general sense, a point, tip, apex : rind scine, Corm. Y 1119 . rind a (no i) crann a point in (of) a shaft , 1105 . rind, gl. cacumen , Ir. Gl. 1008 . rinn `a point', Eg. Gl. 227 ; synon. with corr, adharc, beann, corn, 119 . rinn `an atom, point, spot', 80 . Hence the point (of a weapon or sharp instrument): gl. aculeus, Wb. 13d25 . gabalrínd a pair of compasses (gl. circinus), BCr. 18d3 . rind snáthaite, TBC-LL¹ 4710 . coica bera ar a mbái rind, RC vii 300.157 ( LL. 207a26 ). eter rindi gaí, ZCP xi 84.1 (renna v.l.). tricha sleag ba rúadh reanda, viii 230 § 19 . reanna sleagh, IGT Dec. ex. 1042 . Hence used for a spear or pointed weapon (esp. in pl.): maigen na áigder rindi spear-points , Thes. ii 294.15 . nín-gabat renna nō airm nō faebair, TBC-LL¹ 1263 . ni geibtis renna no il-fhaibair e, Cog. 194.5 . na fir-sea thecait anair cona rendaib, LU 1255 ( Imr. Brain ii 288.2 ). ro ringthea co rrindib, Fél. Prol. 37 . bás di (do) rind `death by point', a violent death; cf. docer in rí de ruadrind, LL 129a28 ( MacCarthy 194 § 2 ). gura[b] bás do rind nos-bera, LB 273a20 , cf. CCellaig 117 . fuair bás do rinn, BNnÉ 226 § 126 , cf. 121 § 59 . go fuair a raghuin do rinn, Irish Texts ii 14 § 28 . tre rind ┐ faebar `by point and edge', by force of arms : ba tria rinn ┐ fhaebhar dus-fucc Ó D. ina mhuinteardhas, Hugh Roe 56.12 (f. 15b) . an tí dorad [Ó D.] ina chéillsine tria rinn ┐ fhaobhar, 274.14 (f. 73a) .

In wider sense, of pointed things: da beind for tri fichtib rend two antlers with three score points , LU 1271 ( Imr. Brain ii 288.18 ). tenga co n-imut renn fuirri prickles , Marco P. 162 . lé rinn diamond a diamond point , Jerem. xvii 1 . sech rennaib na ndairi branch-ends , LL 265a20 ( MU 22.16 ). nir bo lia gainem mara no reann[a] feada, ZCP xii 294.2 . do rind ind ḟeóir, FB 88 ; cf. rinne .i. fear (= féar), H 4.22, 67a ( O'Curry 2065 ), and rindfeoir, Ériu x 84 § 78 . masa ní da hal (.i. da rinnib) `of her litter (i.e. of her teats )', Laws iii 372.19 (of a sow), cf. 378.21 . ic déol na cethra . . . co faisctis na fola tar a rinnibh squeezed the blood over the teats (?), CCath. 2527 . rind aurlabra (i.e. tongue ), LU 3231 ( SCC 2 ). rindadh rindibh tengadh, ACL iii 294 § 5 (prob. a play on double meaning). Hence in B. na f. a tongue : is uairedh dom rind (.i. is imrāite dom tengaid), ZCP v 485 § 3 . (fig.) sinn ón cās-sa go cuiredh | rinn a ghrāsa gēruidhedh let him sharpen the point of his grace , Irish Texts ii 88 § 13 ; cf. 92 § 11 c . rinn mblasa do cur ar gach mbiadh piquant flavour , Ériu xi 196.9 .

(b) end, extremity : mell ōir for rinn cech dúail, IT i 119.22 . rind a n-úae the tips of their ears , BDD 91 . ó thaig Themra . . . co rrind Banba, Metr. Dinds. iv 60.44 (leg. co hor Banna, Metr. Dinds. Corr. v 142 ). co rind mara `brink', TTebe 698 . a rrind mothair edge , RC xviii 159.1 . gur ghabhadar cuan ag rinn Sléibhe Rife extremity , Keat. ii 542 . ó sháil go rinn from heel to head , Hackett xxxvi 4 (roinn MS.).

(c) a cape, promontory : rind ┐ belat , Laws i 160.5 . otha in rind corici in glind, Ériu ii 26.5 . trethan rinde Pilóir Cape Pelorus , TTr.² 1084 . Cf. a rennaibh órathach [leg. Ó Rathach?], Cóir Anm. 32 . Of inlets of the sea: amal renna mara for tír no tíri for muir like fiords or headlands , CCath. 5844 .

(d) fig. apex; climax : feidhm láimhe . . . i rinn ghliadh `in battle-front' (? in stress of combat ), Content. xxx 35 . fo rinn armi ┐ enig, Ann. Conn. 1244.12 . Cathal . . . do écc fo rinn airmhe ┐ oirrdearcais `at the pinnacle of prosperity and renown', AFM iv 698 v . i rinn iorghaile, TSh. 5743 . i rinn troda, L. Cl. A. B. 155.57 . i rinn coimheasgair cairdeadh, Ir. Monthly 1930, 297 § 12 . Freq. of persons in this sense: rind āig ┐ imgona fer nHerend, TBC-LL¹ 5330 . tri rainn āgha, 5540 St. = rinn, H (note pl. form). dā rind aga ┐ urlaimi, Cog. 56 y . rind n-imgona fher mbetha, TTr.² 828 . rinn chosanta ┐ chalmachta an chóiccidh, AFM iv 862.18 . comorba Ronan rind ciuil, ACL iii 308.3 .

(e) point, acumen, keenness ; freq. of eyes (cf. Lat. acies): rínd a roisc ┐ a menman, BB 414b25 . rinn roisc a min-chinn is mall, ACL iii 308.5 = AFM ii 870.12 (`pupil'). rinn a radairc ┐ a ruisc, MR 270.4 . in rinn ruisg (name of a plant), ACL i 326.29 , cf. 336.120 . rinn ruisc euphrasia, eyebright , P. O'C. (plant good for eyesight). is e in condnach inti techtas rinn cēille, O'Mulc. 236 . rinn an réasúin, TSh. 2902 . rinn fheirge, A. Ó Dálaigh vii 1 .

(f) in prosody the final word of a verse-line : is i recomarc forbanait a renda, IT iii 7 § 6 (BB). recomarc .i. deṡillabach inna rennaib, Fél. 4.29 . rinn .i. co cuibdius ina aghaidh with a rhyme answering to it , O'Dav. 1342 , cf. 1430 . aithne reanna ┐ úaithne ┐ úama, IGT Introd. § 2 . For rinn and airdrinn in debide (in which one of the final rhyming words is a syllable longer than the other), see IT iii 148 and E. Knott, Ir. Syll. Poetry 18 . See also 2 rind.

(g) do rind by dint of, by means of; a later use, for orig. meaning see (a). ní terna duine . . . acht mina dechaid fer do rind gona no builli unless he got off by (dealing) wound or blow , ZCP xiii 213.14 . do rinn ruaga do gonad no do marbadh é would wound or slay him by a sudden onset (?), Celt. Rev. iv 18.9 . racha sinn . . . dá dhíol do rinn mholta mhōir, O'Gr. Cat. 486.26 (< Gofr. Fionn Ó Dálaigh). [dochuaidh] do rind retha as, ZCP vi 65.30 .

(h) miscellaneous exx.: corthi cumdachta . . . co rinnib ┐ delbú ┐ fuathu ingantu, Alex. 596 = co ríndaib, BB 493b19 ; `Spitzen' ( points ), Meyer, but perh. engraved marks or devices, cf. vb. 1 rindaid and 2 rind = signum in Glosses. dá rinn d'inneall i n-aghaidh dhíolmhaineach Chríost a double line of battle (= duplicem aciem . . . contra milites Christi), TSh. 7061 ; a translation of Lat. acies.

See also cóicrind, s.v. cóic, gabulrind.

For compds. see rind-.